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J Physician Assist Educ ; 35(1): 43-51, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227674


ABSTRACT: As an ever-increasing number of physician assistant (PA) programs moves toward holistic admissions, a better understanding of how to achieve their stated admission goals becomes more important. With the June 2023 US Supreme Court decision effectively ending affirmative action in higher education, navigating holistic admissions is now an even greater challenge. In this article, the PA Education Association's Presidents Commission offers a guide for programs to use in implementing holistic admissions at their institutions and key considerations. Is the process mission-driven? Does it follow principles of quality improvement and incorporate ongoing assessment of that process? Using data can be a constructive and insightful way to inform the process. The authors hope that tools, resources, and recommendations offered in this article will serve as valuable resources for any program attempting to institute or improve its holistic admissions process.

Assistentes Médicos , Critérios de Admissão Escolar , Humanos , Diversidade Cultural , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Faculdades de Medicina , Escolaridade
J Physician Assist Educ ; 34(1): 46-53, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727713


ABSTRACT: While increasing diversity has been an ongoing concern in physician assistant (PA) education, there is now a concentrated focus on diversity, equity, inclusion, and social justice, elevating these to top priorities. To achieve the goal of diversifying the PA workforce, PA programs, with their institution's support, must systematically inculcate strategies for overcoming and dismantling barriers against students of color and students underrepresented in medicine (URiM). These strategies should disrupt the status quo and expand structural processes that ensure successful diversification of students, especially URiM students, LGBTQ students, students from medically underserved areas, and first-generation college students.

Assistentes Médicos , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Grupos Minoritários/educação , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Recursos Humanos , Acreditação , Diversidade Cultural
J Physician Assist Educ ; 32(2): 74-78, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004644


PURPOSE: Health care program admission processes utilize multi-faceted approaches to evaluate cognitive and noncognitive attributes of applicants. The multiple mini-interview (MMI) was developed in response to the need for a reliable and validated tool to assess noncognitive factors and has been increasingly incorporated into the admissions process by physician assistant (PA) programs. The study's purpose was to explore the current implementation and utilization of the MMI within PA programs. METHODS: The study used a mixed-methods exploratory approach including a telephone survey and semi-structured interview of 11 PA programs using the MMI in their admissions process. Quantitative data collected included demographic information, MMI implementation characteristics, station structure, scoring, feasibility, satisfaction with MMI utilization, and MMI evaluation methods. RESULTS: During the 2015-2016 admissions cycle, the participating programs used from 5 to 10 stations, averaging 7 minutes per station, requiring 8 faculty, 2 staff, and 7 students per interview session. Despite variation in program size, number of applicants, and years of MMI utilization, all participating programs reported that they were satisfied with the format and would continue to utilize the MMI in the admissions process. CONCLUSIONS: While there is substantial literature describing the use of the MMI within health care programs globally, this study represents the first characterization of its use within PA programs on a national level. Although there was variation among PA program implementation of the MMI, our results are comparable to studies within other health care professions. Additional studies are necessary to further describe the MMI and its correlation with PA program educational outcomes and the impact on diversity.

Assistentes Médicos , Critérios de Admissão Escolar , Humanos , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Estados Unidos
J Physician Assist Educ ; 30(4): 192-199, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652194


PURPOSE: Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) End of Rotation™ exams are used by programs across the country. However, little information exists on the predictive ability of the exams' scale scores and Physician Assistant National Certifying Exam (PANCE) performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate End of Rotation exam scores and their relationship with poor PANCE performance (PPP). METHODS: In an IRB-approved, multi-center, multi-year study, associations between PAEA End of Rotation exam scale scores and PANCE scores were explored. A taxonomy of nested linear regression models with random intercepts was fit at the program level. Fully adjusted models controlled for year, timing of the exam, student age, and gender. RESULTS: Fully adjusted linear models found that 10-point increases in End of Rotation exam scores were associated with a 16.8-point (95% confidence interval [CI]: 14.1-19.6) to 23.5-point (95% CI: 20.6-26.5) increase in PANCE score for Women's Health and Emergency Medicine, respectively. Associations between exams did not significantly vary (P = .768). Logistic models found End of Rotation exam scores were strongly and consistently associated with lower odds of PPP, with higher exam scores (10-point increase) associated with decrements in odds of PPP, ranging between 37% and 48% across exams. The effect estimate for the Emergency Medicine exam was consistently stronger in all models. CONCLUSIONS: PAEA End of Rotation exam scores were consistently predictive of PPP. While each End of Rotation exam measures a specialty content area, the association with the overall PANCE score varied only by a change in odds of low performance or failure by a small percentage. Low End of Rotation exam scores appear to be consistent predictors of PPP in our multi-center cohort of physician assistant students.

Certificação/normas , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Adulto , Avaliação Educacional/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistentes Médicos/normas , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
J Physician Assist Educ ; 26(4): 187-92, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26599311


PURPOSE: In 2013, the Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA) launched its End of Rotation™ examinations for student assessment of core clinical rotation content. Although being similar to the National Board of Medical Examiner's subject examinations ("shelf exams"), these examinations have not been characterized for reliability or validated against outcomes such as the Physician Assistant National Certification Examination (PANCE). This study's objective was to determine whether a composite scale based on all 7 PAEA End of Rotation examinations can be used as an effective measure of comprehensive medical knowledge for physician assistant (PA) students in their clinical year. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of deidentified data gathered by 3 PA programs. Scores for all 7 PAEA End of Rotation examinations and for the PANCE were available for all students in the class of 2014 for all programs, with an overall N = 134. SPSS version 21 was used for descriptive and inferential data analysis. RESULTS: The overall Cronbach alpha for the 7 End of Rotation examination scores was 0.871. Pearson correlation coefficients for the End of Rotation examinations and the PANCE ranged from 0.47 to 0.68 and were statistically significant. Simple regression of a composite 7-item End of Rotation examination average gave an R of 0.810 and an adjusted R = 0.654 (P < .0005), explaining 65% of the variance in PANCE scores. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides solid evidence for the reliability of the composite 7-item End of Rotation score and the validity of using this composite score for the purpose of predicting whether the medical knowledge base in clinical PA students is adequate to pass the PANCE.

Certificação , Estágio Clínico , Avaliação Educacional , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos