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1.
J Econ Entomol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625153

RESUMO

Hymenopteran parasitoids generally show a haplo-diploid sex determination system. Haploid males are produced from unfertilized eggs, whereas diploid females develop from fertilized eggs (arrhenotokous). In some cases, diploid females develop from unfertilized eggs (thelytokous). Diglyphus wani (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a biological control agent for agromyzid leafminers and have arrhenotokous and thelytokous strains. However, the morphological characteristics of two strains of D. wani are so similar that it is difficult to accurately distinguish them based on morphology. Here, a rapid molecular identification method was developed based on the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) and one-step multiplex PCR. Two primer combinations, PC1 (Ar-F1/Th-F1/WR2) and PC2 (Ar-F1/Th-F4/WR2), were designed and repeatedly screened to distinguish two strains simultaneously, of which two special forward primers Th-F1/Th-F4 were used for the thelytokous strain and one special forward primer Ar-F1 was used for the arrhenotokous strain. In addition, a common reverse primer, WR2, was used for both strains. The PC1 and PC2 PCR assays were effective in distinguishing the two strains at different developmental stages and field colonies. This method provides a reliable, highly sensitive, and cost-effective tool for the rapid identification of the two strains of D. wani.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662834

RESUMO

The synaptic properties of memristors have been widely studied. However, researchers are still committed to solving various challenges, including the study of highly reliable memristors with comprehensive synaptic functions and memristors that simulate highly complex neurological learning rules. In this work, we report a CeO2/Nb-SrTiO3 heterojunction memristor whose conductance could be gradually tuned under both positive and negative pulse trains. Due to the gradual conductance switching behavior and the high switching ratio (105), the CeO2/Nb-SrTiO3 heterojunction memristor could dutifully mimic biosynaptic functions, including excitatory/inhibitory postsynaptic current (EPSC/IPSC), paired-pulse facilitation and depression (PPF/PPD), spike amplitude-dependent plasticity (SADP), spike duration-dependent plasticity (SDDP), spike rate-dependent plasticity (SRDP), paired/triplet spiking-time-dependent plasticity (STDP), and Bienenstock-Cooper-Munro (BCM) rules. Moreover, a convolutional neural network based on the memristors is constructed to identify the electrocardiogram (ECG) data sets to realize the diagnosis of diseases with a recognition accuracy of 93%. Besides, the recognition accuracy of the handwriting digit reaches 96%. These studies broaden the research scope of high-level synaptic behavior and lay a foundation for the future full synaptic memristor networks.

3.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 23(1): 13, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic hypertension (MH) has become the most common type of hypertension in recent years due to unhealthy eating habits and lifestyles of people, such as over-eating alcohol, high fat, and sugar diets (ACHFSDs). Therefore, effective means to combat MH are needed. Previous studies have shown that Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F. H. Chen flower saponins (PNFS) can lower blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). However, whether it acts on MH and its mechanism of action remain unclear.  METHODS: The pharmacodynamic effects of PNFS were evaluated in rats with ACHFSDs-induced MH. The blood pressure, blood biochemical, grip strength, face temperature, vertigo time, and liver index were estimated. The histological changes in the liver and aorta were observed using hematoxylin and eosin staining. The levels of ET-1, TXB2, NO, PGI2, Renin, ACE, Ang II, and ALD in plasma were detected using ELISA. The levels of C3, KLF5, LXRα, and Renin in kidney tissues were measured using qRT-PCR.The expression levels of C3, KLF5, LXRα, and Renin in kidney tissues were examined using Western blotting. RESULTS: In the present study, PNFS was found to reduce blood pressure, face temperature, and vertigo time, increase grip strength and improve dyslipidemia in rats with MH. In addition, PNFS decreased the plasma levels of ET-1 and TXB2, elevated the levels of NO and PGI2, and improved pathological aortic injury. Meanwhile, PNFS decreased the plasma levels of Renin, ACE, Ang II, and ALD. QRT-PCR and Western bolt showed that PNFS downregulated C3, KLF5, LXRα, and Renin protein and mRNA expression in the kidneys of rats with MH. CONCLUSION: The finding of the present study suggested that PNFS could downregulate C3 and KLF-5 expression in rats with MH, thereby inhibiting the overactivation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, while improving vascular endothelial function and ultimately reducing blood pressure in rats with MH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Panax notoginseng , Saponinas , Ratos , Animais , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Renina/genética , Renina/metabolismo , Renina/farmacologia , Complemento C3/genética , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Complemento C3/farmacologia , Saponinas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Flores/química , Vertigem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715733

RESUMO

Glioma is an extremely aggressive primary brain tumor, which is highly resistant to chemotherapy, presenting a therapeutic challenge. Here, we explored the anti-glioma effects and the underlying mechanism of lycorine, an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from lycoris on glioma cells. We found that lycorine could dose dependently inhibit C6 glioma cell growth and induce cell apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of lycorine on C6 glioma cells at 48 h was 2.85 µM. Meanwhile, lycorine treatment caused dysfunction of the NF-κB signal, as demonstrated by the up-regulation of NF-κB inhibitor protein IκB and the downregulation of the NF-κB phosphorylation protein p-p65. The addition of NF-κB inhibitor SC75741 further confirmed the importance of the NF-κB pathway in lycorine-induced cell-growth inhibition. Moreover, lycorine might act synergically with temozolomide (TMZ) to reduce drug resistance by blocking the NF-κB pathway. Our study suggested that lycorine exerts an anti-glioma effect by inducing ROS production and inhibiting NF-κB, which validated that lycorine may be a potential candidate for glioma treatment alone or in combination with TMZ.

5.
Small ; : e2205962, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461681

RESUMO

Wide-bandgap inorganic cesium lead halide CsPbIBr2 is a popular optoelectronic material that researchers are interested in because of the character that balances the power conversion efficiency and stability of solar cells. It also has great potential in semitransparent solar cells, indoor photovoltaics, and as a subcell for tandem solar cells. Although CsPbIBr2 -based devices have achieved good performance, the open-circuit voltage (Voc ) of CsPbIBr2 -based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is still lower, and it is critical to further reduce large energy losses (Eloss ). Herein, a strategy is proposed for achieving surface p-type doping for CsPbIBr2 -based perovskite for the first time, using 1,5-Diaminopentane dihydroiodide at the perovskite surface to improve hole extraction efficiency. Meanwhile, the adjusted energy levels reduce Eloss and improve Voc of the CsPbIBr2 PSCs. Furthermore, the Cs- and Br-vacancies at the interface are filled, reducing structural disorder and defect states and thus improving the quality of the perovskite film. As a result, the target device achieves a high efficiency of 11.02% with a Voc of 1.33 V, which is among the best values. In addition to the improved performance, the stability of the target device under various conditions is enhanced, and the lead leakage is effectively suppressed.

6.
RSC Adv ; 12(52): 33501-33509, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505724

RESUMO

A family of microporous and robust Ln(iii)-based metal-organic frameworks (1-Ln, Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb) have been obtained using 4,4',4''-nitrilotribenzoic acid (H3NTB) in NMP-HCl solvent. Both single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction analyses demonstrate that 1-Ln are isostructural and possess 3D frameworks with permanent porosity for Ar and CO2 adsorption. Strikingly, the incorporation of both Lewis acidic lanthanide ions and the basic triphenylamine group into 1-Ln makes them efficient acid-base catalysts for both cycloaddition of epoxides with CO2 and one-pot cascade deacetalization-Knoevenagel reactions. The systematic catalytic studies show that 1-Tb and 1-Yb possess the best catalytic activities for both reactions, indicating the catalytic activities of these Ln-MOFs are strongly dependent on metal Lewis acid sites embedded in the frameworks.

7.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(11): 1145-1153, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545981

RESUMO

Interfacial space charge storage between ionic and electronic conductor is a promising scheme to further improve energy and power density of alkali metal ion batteries (AMIBs). However, the general behavior of space charge storage in AMIBs has been less investigated experimentally, mostly due to the complicated electrochemical behavior and lack of proper characterization techniques. Here, we use operando magnetometry to verify that in FeSe2 AMIBs, abundant Li+/Na+/K+ (M+) can be stored at M2Se phase while electrons accumulate at Fe nanoparticles, forming interfacial space charge layers. Magnetic and dynamics tests further demonstrate that with increasing ionic radius from Li+, Na+ to K+, the reaction kinetics can be hindered, resulting in limited Fe formation and reduced space charge storage capacity. This work lays solid foundation for studying the complex interfacial effect in electrochemical processes and designing advanced energy storage devices with substantial capacity and considerable power density.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(6): 1868-1872, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of VDZ (Vedolizumab) in the salvage treatment of glucocorticoid resistance to gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GR-GI GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children. METHODS: The clinical data of 5 patients with refractory GI GVHD who received allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital from December 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed with VDZ salvage therapy. RESULTS: Among the 5 children with refractory GI GVHD, there were 1 male and 4 female, including 2 cases of extremely severe aplastic anemia, 1 case of acute myeloid leukemia (M2, high-risk), 1 case of fanconi anemia and 1 case of myelodysplastic syndrome. The median age of transplant recipients was 54.4 (12-164) months. The median treatment time from transplantation to VDZ was 1.4 (0.6-6.8) months. On average, 3.5 (2-5) doses of VDZ were received. After receiving treatment, 2 patients achieved a complete response (CR), 2 patients achieved a very good partial response (VGPR), 1 patient was non-responsive (NR) after a short-term partial response (PR). Compared with that before VDZ treatment, the amount of diarrhea, stool color, blood and traits of the children after medication were effectively improved. The median follow-up time was 9.3 (7.23-12.83) months. No disseminated or severe bacterial/fungal infections occurred during VDZ treatment and follow-up, and 2 children died of leukemia recurrence and pulmonary bronchiolitis obliterans. CONCLUSION: VDZ salvage treatment of refractory GI GVHD in children has obvious short-term efficacy and good safety.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Terapia de Salvação , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Exp Gerontol ; 171: 111990, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397637

RESUMO

The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of different exercises on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) in postmenopausal women. We searched the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane library databases, up to July 2022. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected following the inclusion criteria. We assessed study quality with the PEDro scale. The Stata software was used for statistical analysis. Twenty-three papers (26 RCTs) and 729 participants were included. Meta-analysis demonstrated that exercise decreased SBP (WMD = -6.74 mmHg, 95%CI: -9.08, -4.41, p = 0.000), DBP (WMD = -4.13 mmHg, 95%CI: -5.78, -2.48, p = 0.000) and aortic PWV (WMD = -0.79 m/s, 95%CI: -1.02, -0.56, p = 0.000). Aerobic exercise can significantly decrease SBP (WMD = -7.97 mmHg, 95%CI: -12.99, -2.60, p = 0.003) and DBP (WMD = -5.97 mmHg, 95%CI: -8.55, -3.39, p = 0.000). Resistance exercise can significantly decrease SBP (WMD = -5.62 mmHg, 95%CI: -9.00, -2.23, p = 0.001), DBP (WMD = -1.87 mmHg, 95%CI: -2.75, -0.99, p = 0.000) and aortic PWV (WMD = -0.67 m/s,95%CI: -0.98, -0.36, p = 0.000). Combined aerobic and resistance exercise can significantly decrease SBP (WMD = -5.42 mmHg, 95%CI: -10.17, -0.68, p = 0.025). The efficacy of mind-body exercise (Tai Chi/Yoga) on SBP, DBP, and aortic PWV were not obvious (p > 0.05). Exercise significantly improved SBP, DBP, and aortic PWV in postmenopausal women. Aerobic exercise decreased SBP and DBP. Resistance exercise decreased SBP, DBP, and aortic PWV. Additionally, further research is required to confirm the efficacy of mind-body exercise (Tai Chi/Yoga) on blood pressure and arterial stiffness.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18359, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319699

RESUMO

We evaluated how different degrees of air pollution affect the ocular surface of a cohort of human subjects in Beijing by correlating in-patient test outcomes with tear cytokines. A cross-sectional study involving 221 volunteers was carried out in different districts of Beijing. Air pollution indices were recorded for 7 d (including the visit day). The indices recorded were the air quality index (AQI), which is a dimensionless measure that quantitatively describes the state of air quality, concentrations of particulate matter smaller than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) and 10 µm (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The Ocular Symptom Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire provided. Subsequently, subjects underwent slit-lamp examination, which included meibomian gland examination, conjunctival congestion score, conjunctivochalasis grade, tear meniscus height (TMH), tear breakup time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS), Schirmer I test, and conjunctival impression cytology. The concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukins (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8 in tears were measured by microsphere-based immunoassay analysis. According to the value of the AQI, participants are divided into a slightly polluted (SP) group (n = 103) which the AQI value is less than or equal to 100 and a heavily polluted (HP) group (n = 118) whose AQI value is more than 100. Air pollution is related to ocular discomfort based on tear cytokine concentrations. PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 were positively correlated with OSDI, MG expressibility, meibum score, meiboscore, conjunctival congestion score, Schirmer I test value, TMH, goblet-cell density, concentrations of IL-6, and VEGF were negatively correlated with TBUT. PM2.5 and PM10 appear to be the major risk factors to the ocular surface, with NO2 being another important risk factor based on this study. The symptoms and signs of eye discomfort in the SP group were significantly less severe than those in the HP group, and tear cytokine concentrations (IL-6 and VEGF) were lower. Air pollution degrees were significantly correlated with tear cytokine concentrations, indicating an alteration of cytokine balance at the ocular surface under different degrees of air pollution.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Humanos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Pequim , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lágrimas/metabolismo , Glândulas Tarsais/metabolismo , Poluição do Ar/análise , Síndromes do Olho Seco/metabolismo , Material Particulado/análise
11.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e060983, 2022 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The perioperative chemotherapy with fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin plus docetaxel (FLOT) was recommended by the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology Guidelines for gastric cancer (2018 edition) for patients with resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (class IIA). However, the economic impact of FLOT chemotherapy in China remains unclear. The analysis aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of FLOT versus epirubicin, cisplatin plus fluorouracil or capecitabine (ECF/ECX) in patients with locally advanced resectable tumours. DESIGN: We developed a Markov model to compare the healthcare and economic outcomes of FLOT and ECF/ECX in patients with resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Costs were estimated from the perspective of Chinese healthcare system. Clinical and utility inputs were derived from the FLOT4 phase II/III clinical trial and published literature. Sensitivity analyses were employed to assess the robustness of our result. The annual discount rate for costs and health outcomes was set at 5%. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) was calculated as the cost per quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). RESULTS: The base-case analysis found that compared with ECF/ECX, the use of FLOT chemotherapy was associated with an additional 1.08 QALYs, resulting in an ICER of US$851/QALY. One-way sensitivity analysis results suggested that the HR of overall survival and progression-free survival had the greatest impact on the ICER. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis demonstrated that FLOT was more likely to be cost-effective compared with ECF/ECX at a willingness-to-pay threshold of US$31 513/QALY. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with locally advanced resectable tumours, the FLOT chemotherapy is a cost-effective treatment option compared with ECF/ECX in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01216644.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
12.
Food Funct ; 13(23): 12436-12450, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377633

RESUMO

Sub-health status, in which a person's mind and body exist in a low-quality state of being between disease and health, has become an urgent public health problem that cannot be ignored globally. One of the most apparent sub-health symptoms is fatigue, and it also shows a significant decrease in mental vitality and adaptability caused by disruption of the neuroendocrine-immune system. Dendrobium officinale (DOF) has a long history of use in China as a medicinal food with immune-regulating, anti-fatigue, anti-oxidant, and hypoglycemic effects. The ameliorative effects of Dendrobium officinale on sub-health mice are investigated in this present study, as well as its underlying mechanisms via neuroendocrine-immune (NEI) modulation. Forty male KM mice were divided into normal control group (NC), model control group (MC), and two doses of ultrafine DOF powder (DOFP) intervention groups: DOFP-L (0.1 g kg-1), DOFP-H (0.2 g kg-1) groups. Sub-health mice were induced by mimicking unhealthy human lifestyles, including cold water swimming, limbs restriction, an unhealthy diet, and sleep deprivation for seven weeks. The findings revealed that DOFP intervened sub-health mice have less bodyweight loss, normal fecal morphology, as well as lower face temperature and blood flow, which is similar to the normal mice. Moreover, sub-health mice treated with DOFP showed improved forelimb grip strength and exercise endurance in weight-loaded exhaustion swimming and cold water exhaustion swimming, combined with reduced content of lactic acid (LD), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the plasma, increased storage of liver glycogen (LG), and muscle glycogen (MG), as well as increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the liver. Additionally, DOFP could increase the counts of autonomous movements of sub-health mice, minimize tail suspension time, and perform well in the elevated plus maze and open field tests, all of which are associated with anti-depression and anti-anxiety. Moreover, mechanistic investigations revealed that DOFP could alleviate plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and cortisol (CORT) related hormones in the HPA axis, increase the level of hypothalamic norepinephrine (NE) and plasma ß-endorphin (ß-EP) of sub-health mice, while downregulating the content of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and the relative mRNA expression of 5-HT1A and CRH in hypothalamus, and increase immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio levels. In conclusion, DOFP can relieve symptoms such as fatigue and depression in sub-health mice by regulating the disorder of the neuroendocrine-immune network.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Camundongos , Humanos , Masculino , Animais , Pós , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal , Sistema Imunitário , Estilo de Vida , Água
13.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1179, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333470

RESUMO

Understanding the antigenic signatures of all human coronaviruses (HCoVs) Spike (S) proteins is imperative for pan-HCoV epitopes identification and broadly effective vaccine development. To depict the currently elusive antigenic signatures of α-HCoVs S proteins, we isolated a panel of antibodies against the HCoV-229E S protein and characterized their epitopes and neutralizing potential. We found that the N-terminal domain of HCoV-229E S protein is antigenically dominant wherein an antigenic supersite is present and appears conserved in HCoV-NL63, which holds potential to serve as a pan-α-HCoVs epitope. In the receptor binding domain, a neutralizing epitope is captured in the end distal to the receptor binding site, reminiscent of the locations of the SARS-CoV-2 RBD cryptic epitopes. We also identified a neutralizing antibody that recognizes the connector domain, thus representing the first S2-directed neutralizing antibody against α-HCoVs. The unraveled HCoVs S proteins antigenic similarities and variances among genera highlight the challenges faced by pan-HCoV vaccine design while supporting the feasibility of broadly effective vaccine development against a subset of HCoVs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coronavirus Humano 229E , Humanos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , SARS-CoV-2 , Antígenos Virais , Epitopos , Anticorpos Neutralizantes
14.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2022: 9768019, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320633

RESUMO

Exploring halogen engineering is of great significance for reducing the density of defect states in crystals of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites and hence improving the crystal quality. Herein, high-quality single crystals of PEA2PbX4 (X = Cl, Br, I) and their para-F (p-F) substitution analogs are prepared using the facile solution method to study the effects of both p-F substitution and halogen anion engineering. After p-F substitution, the triclinic PEA2PbX4 (X = Cl, Br) and cubic PEA2PbX4 (X = I) crystals unifies to monoclinic crystal structure for p-F-PEA2PbX4 (X = Cl, Br, I) crystals. The p-F substitution and halogen engineering, together with crystal structure variation, enable the tunability of optoelectrical properties. Experimentally, after the p-F substitution, the energy levels are lowered with increased Fermi levels, and the bandgaps of p-F-PEA2PbX4 (X = Cl, Br, I) are slightly reduced. Benefitting from the enhancement of the charge transfer and the reduced trap density by p-F substitution and halogen anion engineering, the average carrier lifetime of the p-F-PEA2PbX4 is obviously reduced. Compared with PEA2PbI4, the X-ray detector based on p-F-PEA2PbI4 perovskite single-crystal has a higher sensitivity of 119.79 µC Gyair -1·cm-2. Moreover, the X-ray detector based on p-F-PEA2PbI4 single crystals exhibits higher radiation stability under high-dose X-ray irradiation, implying long-term operando stability.

15.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6577, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323699

RESUMO

17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-13 is a hepatocyte-specific, lipid droplet-associated protein. A common loss-of-function variant of HSD17B13 (rs72613567: TA) protects patients against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with underlying mechanism incompletely understood. In the present study, we identify the serine 33 of 17ß-HSD13 as an evolutionally conserved PKA target site and its phosphorylation facilitates lipolysis by promoting its interaction with ATGL on lipid droplets. Targeted mutation of Ser33 to Ala (S33A) decreases ATGL-dependent lipolysis in cultured hepatocytes by reducing CGI-58-mediated ATGL activation. Importantly, a transgenic knock-in mouse strain carrying the HSD17B13 S33A mutation (HSD17B1333A/A) spontaneously develops hepatic steatosis with reduced lipolysis and increased inflammation. Moreover, Hsd17B1333A/A mice are more susceptible to high-fat diet-induced nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Finally, we find reproterol, a potential 17ß-HSD13 modulator and FDA-approved drug, confers a protection against nonalcoholic steatohepatitis via PKA-mediated Ser33 phosphorylation of 17ß-HSD13. Therefore, targeting the Ser33 phosphorylation site could represent a potential approach to treat NASH.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Serina/metabolismo , 17-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/genética , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo
16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202212090, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316627

RESUMO

A 19-membered open-cage fullerene derivative was prepared from C60 in 7 steps and 5.5 % yield through the peroxide-mediate pathway. There are four carbonyl groups, an ether oxygen and a quinoxaline moiety on the rim of the orifice. A chloride anion could be inserted into its cavity by heating with hydrochloric acid at 60 °C for 4 h. Encapsulation of fluoride, bromide and iodide anions was also achieved at slightly more forcing conditions, 90 °C for 14 h. Single crystal X-ray structures of the sodium salt of the chloride and the bromide encapsulated derivatives were obtained, which showed the halide anion in the center of the cavity and two sodium cations connecting two cages through coordination to the oxygen atoms on the rim of the orifices. The halide encapsulation ratio is quantitative in the isolated products.

17.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(5): 783-791, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319101

RESUMO

As COVID-19 pandemic approaching its third year, more data have shown that obesity and hypertriglyceridemia are the high-risk factors for the major complications such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, thromboembolism, coagulopathy and cytokine storm, which are responsible for the majority of disease severity and mortality. In this review article, we have analyzed the public available clinical reports and laboratory research results of the COVID-19 studies by researchers and clinicians of many nations around the world. Many of these reports covered COVID-19 patients of different ethnic groups. We suggested that obesity and high triglycerides are high risks for severe COVID-19 and death. We also summarized the possible underlying molecular mechanism likely connecting the severe COVID-19 with obesity and hypertriglyceridemia. From public health perspective, we highlight the importance of the healthy diet and lifestyle in fighting against SARS-CoV-2 virus in long period of time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertrigliceridemia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Obesidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Nurs Open ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440605

RESUMO

AIM: To develop a set of evidence-informed strategies to assist older people to improve swallowing functions and prevent further damage from complications. DESIGN: A two-round Delphi survey. METHODS: An initial set of dysphagia care strategies with 74 relevant items for older people was formed based on a literature review by seven researchers. An online survey was conducted by 21 panellists, and data of experts' opinions were collected and analysed by improved Delphi method. RESULTS: The positive coefficients in the two rounds of expert consultation were 85.71% and 83.33%, respectively. Consensus was reached with 53 items included and was allocated into the following five sections: (1) screening, (2) assessment, (3) training, (4) interventions and (5) management. These strategies were named with the acronym of each section-"SATIA". The management strategy can be applied to guide the management of older people with dysphagia.

19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 1045990, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438054

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the composition of the ocular microbiome in patients with Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) using metagenomic nanopore sequencing. Methods: A total of 98 participants were recruited from September to December 2021, including 86 patients with MGD and 12 controls. Symptoms and signs of dry eye were assessed, and bacterial samples in the conjunctival sac (CS) and meibomian gland (MG) secretions were then identified by bacterial culture identification and metagenomic nanopore sequencing. Results: The positive rate of CS bacterial culture in the MGD group was significantly higher than that in the normal group. A more complex composition of bacterial genera was detected in the mild and moderate MGD groups than in the control. However, the severe MGD groups had the simplest composition of bacteria. Metagenomic nanopore sequencing detected more species of bacteria than traditional culture. Conclusion: The CS and MG of MGD patients may have different degrees of bacterial microbiota imbalance. Metagenomic nanopore sequencing technology provides a new way for us to understand the composition of "real-world" ocular surface microorganisms.

20.
Cells ; 11(22)2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429062

RESUMO

Alveolar macrophage (AM) proliferation and self-renewal play an important role in the lung tissue microenvironment. However, the impact of immune cells, especially the neutrophils, on AM homeostasis or function is not well characterized. In this study, we induced in vivo migration of neutrophils into bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and lung using CXCL1, and then co-cultured these with AMs in vitro. Neutrophils in the BAL (BAL-neutrophils), rather than neutrophils of bone marrow (BM-neutrophils), were found to inhibit AM proliferation. Analysis of publicly available data showed high heterogeneity of lung neutrophils with distinct molecular signatures of BM- and blood-neutrophils. Unexpectedly, BAL-neutrophils from influenza virus PR8-infected mice (PR8-neutrophils) did not inhibit the proliferation of AMs. Bulk RNA sequencing further revealed that co-culture of AMs with PR8-neutrophils induced IFN-α and -γ responses and inflammatory response, and AMs co-cultured with BAL-neutrophils showed higher expression of metabolism- and ROS-associated genes; in addition, BAL-neutrophils from PR8-infected mice modulated AM polarization and phagocytosis. BAL-neutrophil-mediated suppression of AM proliferation was abrogated by a combination of inhibitors of different neutrophil death pathways. Collectively, our findings suggest that multiple cell death pathways of neutrophils regulate the proliferation of AMs. Targeting neutrophil death may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for improving AM homeostasis during respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Macrófagos Alveolares , Neutrófilos , Camundongos , Animais , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Pulmão , Proliferação de Células
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