Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.185
Filtrar
1.
ACS Nano ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753820

RESUMO

Advanced in vivo imaging techniques have facilitated the comprehensive visual exploration of animal biological processes, leading to groundbreaking discoveries such as the glymphatic system. However, current limitations of macroscopic imaging techniques impede the precise investigation of physiological parameters regulating this specialized lymphatic transport system. While NIR-II fluorescence imaging has demonstrated advantages in peripheral lymphatic imaging, there are few reports regarding its utilization in the glymphatic system. To address this, a noninvasive transcranial macroscopic NIR-II fluorescence imaging model is developed using a cyanine dye-protein coupled nanoprobe. NIR-II imaging with high temporal and spatial resolution reveals that hypothermia can increase the glymphatic influx by reducing the flow rate of cerebrospinal fluid. In addition, respiratory rate, respiratory amplitude, and heart rate all play a role in regulating the glymphatic influx. Thus, targeting the glymphatic influx may alter the trajectory of immune inflammation following brain injury, providing therapeutic prospects for treating brain injury with mild hypothermia.

2.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750074

RESUMO

Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is one of the main causes of neonatal brain injury. Mitophagy has been implicated in the degradation of damaged mitochondria and cell survival following neonatal brain HI injury. Pleckstrin homology-like domain family A member 1 (PHLDA1) plays vital roles in the progression of various disorders including the regulation of oxidative stress, the immune responses and apoptosis. In the present study we investigated the role of PHLDA1 in HI-induced neuronal injury and further explored the mechanisms underlying PHLDA1-regulated mitophagy in vivo and in vitro. HI model was established in newborn rats by ligation of the left common carotid artery plus exposure to an oxygen-deficient chamber with 8% O2 and 92% N2. In vitro studies were conducted in primary hippocampal neurons subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation/-reoxygenation (OGD/R). We showed that the expression of PHLDA1 was significantly upregulated in the hippocampus of HI newborn rats and in OGD/R-treated primary neurons. Knockdown of PHLDA1 in neonatal rats via lentiviral vector not only significantly ameliorated HI-induced hippocampal neuronal injury but also markedly improved long-term cognitive function outcomes, whereas overexpression of PHLDA1 in neonatal rats via lentiviral vector aggravated these outcomes. PHLDA1 knockdown in primary neurons significantly reversed the reduction of cell viability and increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and attenuated OGD-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, whereas overexpression of PHLDA1 decreased these parameters. In OGD/R-treated primary hippocampal neurons, we revealed that PHLDA1 knockdown enhanced mitophagy by activating FUNDC1, which was abolished by FUNDC1 knockdown or pretreatment with mitophagy inhibitor Mdivi-1 (25 µM). Notably, pretreatment with Mdivi-1 or the knockdown of FUNDC1 not only increased brain infarct volume, but also abolished the neuroprotective effect of PHLDA1 knockdown in HI newborn rats. Together, these results demonstrate that PHLDA1 contributes to neonatal HI-induced brain injury via inhibition of FUNDC1-mediated neuronal mitophagy.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743417

RESUMO

Two anionic tetrahedral cages were self-assembled as the only observable products in weakly basic water via imine condensation. The success of the high-yielding formation of the cages in water relies on (i) multivalency enhancing the stability of the imine bond and affording these cages water compatibility and (ii) a guest template with a complementary size and geometry that provides a hydrophobic driving force by occupying the corresponding cage cavity. When all four precursors, namely two trisaldehydes and two trisamines, were combined in water, narcissistic self-sorting occurred when both guest templates were present. In organic media where the hydrophobic effect is absent, narcissistic self-sorting did not occur in the analogous cage systems, confirming the importance of guest templates.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116703, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713948

RESUMO

The distinctive role of Yes-associated protein (YAP) in the nervous system has attracted widespread attention. This comprehensive review strategically uses the retina as a vantage point, embarking on an extensive exploration of YAP's multifaceted impact from the retina to the brain in development and pathology. Initially, we explore the crucial roles of YAP in embryonic and cerebral development. Our focus then shifts to retinal development, examining in detail YAP's regulatory influence on the development of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and retinal progenitor cells (RPCs), and its significant effects on the hierarchical structure and functionality of the retina. We also investigate the essential contributions of YAP in maintaining retinal homeostasis, highlighting its precise regulation of retinal cell proliferation and survival. In terms of retinal-related diseases, we explore the epigenetic connections and pathophysiological regulation of YAP in diabetic retinopathy (DR), glaucoma, and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Lastly, we broaden our exploration from the retina to the brain, emphasizing the research paradigm of "retina: a window to the brain." Special focus is given to the emerging studies on YAP in brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), underlining its potential therapeutic value in neurodegenerative disorders and neuroinflammation.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11632, 2024 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773257

RESUMO

In recent years, the utility of polygenic risk scores (PRS) in forecasting disease susceptibility from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) results has been widely recognised. Yet, these models face limitations due to overfitting and the potential overestimation of effect sizes in correlated variants. To surmount these obstacles, we devised the Stacked Neural Network Polygenic Risk Score (SNPRS). This novel approach synthesises outputs from multiple neural network models, each calibrated using genetic variants chosen based on diverse p-value thresholds. By doing so, SNPRS captures a broader array of genetic variants, enabling a more nuanced interpretation of the combined effects of these variants. We assessed the efficacy of SNPRS using the UK Biobank data, focusing on the genetic risks associated with breast and prostate cancers, as well as quantitative traits like height and BMI. We also extended our analysis to the Korea Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) dataset. Impressively, our results indicate that SNPRS surpasses traditional PRS models and an isolated deep neural network in terms of accuracy, highlighting its promise in refining the efficacy and relevance of PRS in genetic studies.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Herança Multifatorial , Redes Neurais de Computação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Fatores de Risco , Estratificação de Risco Genético
6.
ChemSusChem ; : e202400735, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771427

RESUMO

Large-scale hydrogen production through water splitting represents an optimal approach for storing sustainable but intermittent energy sources. However, water oxidation, a complex and sluggish reaction, poses a significant bottleneck for water splitting efficiency. The impact of outer chemical environments on the reaction kinetics of water oxidation catalytic centers remains unexplored. Herein, chemical environment impacts were integrated by featuring methylpyridinium cation group (Py+) around the classic Ru(bpy)(tpy) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, tpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine) water oxidation catalyst on the electrode surface via electrochemical co-polymerization. The presence of Py+ groups could significantly enhance the turnover frequencies of Ru(bpy)(tpy), surpassing the performance of typical proton acceptors such as pyridine and benzoic acid anchored around the catalyst. Mechanistic investigations reveal that the flexible internal proton acceptor anions induced by Py+ around Ru(bpy)(tpy) are more effective than conventionally anchored proton acceptors, which promoted the rate-determining proton transfer process and enhanced the rate of water nucleophilic attack during O-O bond formation. This study may provide a novel perspective on achieving efficient water oxidation systems by integrating cations into the outer chemical environments of catalytic centers.

7.
J Med Chem ; 67(10): 8420-8444, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718180

RESUMO

Faced with increasingly serious fungal infections and drug resistance issues, three different series of novel dual-target (programmed death ligand 1/14 α-demethylase) compounds were constructed through the fragment combination pathway in the study. Their chemical structures were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated. Among them, preferred compounds 10c-1, 17b-1, and 18b-2 could efficiently exert their antifungal and antidrug-resistant fungal ability through blocking ergosterol biosynthesis, inducing the upregulation of reactive oxygen species level, and triggering apoptosis. Especially, compound 18b-2 exhibited the synergistic function of fungal inhibition and immune activation. Moreover, the covalent organic framework carrier was also generated based on the acidic microenvironment of fungal infection to improve the bioavailability and targeting of preferred compounds; this finally accelerated the body's recovery rate.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Humanos , Animais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de 14-alfa Desmetilase/farmacologia , Inibidores de 14-alfa Desmetilase/química , Inibidores de 14-alfa Desmetilase/síntese química , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Ergosterol/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular
8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2402756, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696647

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are promising optoelectronic materials for solution-processed thin film optoelectronic devices. However, the large surface area with abundant surface defects of CQDs and trap-assisted non-radiative recombination losses at the interface between CQDs and charge-transport layer limit their optoelectronic performance. To address this issue, an interface heterojunction strategy is proposed to protect the CQDs interface by incorporating a thin layer of polyethyleneimine (PEIE) to suppress trap-assisted non-radiative recombination losses. This thin layer not only acts as a protective barrier but also modulates carrier recombination and extraction dynamics by forming heterojunctions at the buried interface between CQDs and charge-transport layer, thereby enhancing the interface charge extraction efficiency. This enhancement is demonstrated by the shortened lifetime of carrier extraction from 0.72 to 0.46 ps. As a result, the resultant PbS CQD solar cells achieve a power-conversion-efficiency (PCE) of 13.4% compared to 12.2% without the heterojunction.

9.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 18(5): 103037, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744090

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the potential of the combined individual vascular histopathological lesion and serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level as predictors of outcomes in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease. METHODS: A total of 190 patients with type 2 diabetes and kidney disease stages 1-4 were retrospectively included. Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test were performed to assess renal survival differences. And the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analyses were used to characterize the predictive accuracy. Hazard ratios for vascular lesion scores and 25(OH)D levels with renal outcomes were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models with follow-up time. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 23.78 (12.61, 37.14) months, 71 patients (37.4 %) experienced the renal outcomes. Enrolled patients with more severe vascular lesions had worse kidney function, heavier proteinuria, lower serum 25(OH)D levels, and higher prevalence of composite kidney outcomes. Baseline serum 25(OH)D was a significant independent risk factor for vascular lesion scores. The effect of serum 25(OH)D level on kidney prognosis was more pronounced in males and those with more exacerbated vascular lesions (score 2). The severity of vascular lesions and serum 25(OH)D levels were associated with unfavorable kidney outcomes. Accordingly, further time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves confirmed that combined 25(OH)D level and vascular lesion score had a stable and reliable performance in renal outcomes prediction at short and long-term follow-up times. CONCLUSIONS: 25(OH)D level and vascular lesion scores in kidney histopathology could serve as a useful risk-stratification tool for predicting renal progression in patients with type 2 diabetes.

10.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 370, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Borderline personality traits play a significant role in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), particularly in depressed youths. NSSI is also highly correlated with negative life events. This research aimed to explore the connections between negative life events, borderline personality traits, and NSSI. METHODS: The study included 338 depressed youth aged 13 to 25 years. Self-reported measures and clinical interviews were utilized to evaluate the depressive symptoms, borderline personality traits, negative life events, and NSSI behaviours of these participants. Identifying variables linked to NSSI was the aim of our analysis, and we also conducted a mediation analysis to look into the influence of borderline traits on the connection between negative life events and NSSI. RESULTS: Of the 338 depressed youth, approximately 59.47% (201/338) displayed NSSI, which was associated with greater clinical severity. Borderline traits had an independent influence on NSSI and it partially explained the connection between negative life events and NSSI, even when accounting for depression symptoms. Depressed youth who were more vulnerable to NSSI behaviours often experienced negative life events such as interpersonal relationships, academic pressure, being punished, and loss. CONCLUSIONS: Our research suggests that depressed youth who experience more negative life events are more likely to experience NSSI, and negative life events indirectly influence nonsuicidal self-injury through borderline personality traits. Implementing interventions focused on mitigating borderline symptoms could be a promising therapeutic approach for addressing NSSI in young people.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Adolescente , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Depressão/psicologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
12.
J Med Chem ; 67(9): 7176-7196, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38679872

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin (PRDX1) is a tumor-overexpressed antioxidant enzyme for eliminating excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) to protect tumor cells from oxidative damage. Herein, a series of celastrol urea derivatives were developed based on its cocrystal structure with PRDX1, with the aim of pursuing a PRDX1-specific inhibitor. Among them, derivative 15 displayed potent anti-PRDX1 activity (IC50 = 0.35 µM) and antiproliferative potency against colon cancer cells. It covalently bound to Cys-173 of PRDX1 (KD = 0.37 µM), which was secured by the cocrystal structure of PRDX1 with an analogue of 15 while exhibiting weak inhibitory effects on PRDX2-PRDX6 (IC50 > 50 µM), indicating excellent PRDX1 selectivity. Treatment with 15 dose-dependently decreased the mitochondria membrane potential of SW620 cells, probably due to ROS induced by PRDX1 inhibition, leading to cell apoptosis. In colorectal cancer cell xenograft model, it displayed potent antitumor efficacy with superior safety to celastrol. Collectively, 15 represents a promising PRDX1 selective inhibitor for the development of anticolorectal cancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Peroxirredoxinas , Ureia , Humanos , Peroxirredoxinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacologia , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ureia/farmacologia , Ureia/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Camundongos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Camundongos Nus , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/síntese química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais
13.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 200, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654299

RESUMO

The glymphatic system plays an important role in the transportation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the clearance of metabolite waste in brain. However, current imaging modalities for studying the glymphatic system are limited. Herein, we apply NIR-II nanoprobes with non-invasive and high-contrast advantages to comprehensively explore the function of glymphatic system in mice under anesthesia and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury conditions. Our results show that the supplement drug dexmedetomidine (Dex) enhances CSF influx in the brain, decreases its outflow to mandibular lymph nodes, and leads to significant differences in CSF accumulation pattern in the spine compared to isoflurane (ISO) alone, while both ISO and Dex do not affect the clearance of tracer-filled CSF into blood circulation. Notably, we confirm the compromised glymphatic function after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, leading to impaired glymphatic influx and reduced glymphatic efflux. This technique has great potential to elucidate the underlying mechanisms between the glymphatic system and central nervous system diseases.


Assuntos
Sistema Glinfático , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Sistema Glinfático/metabolismo , Camundongos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anestesia , Isoflurano/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/metabolismo , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química
14.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 17: 1366855, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685914

RESUMO

As wireless communication devices gain popularity, concerns about the potential risks of environmental exposure to complex frequency electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on mental health have become a public health issue. Historically, EMR research has predominantly focused on single- frequency electromagnetic waves, neglecting the study of multi-frequency electromagnetic waves, which more accurately represent everyday life. To address these concerns, our study compared the emotional effects of single-frequency and dual-frequency EMR while exploring potential molecular mechanisms and intervention targets. Our results revealed that single-frequency EMR at 2.65 or 0.8 GHz did not induce anxiety-like behavior in mice. However, exposure to dual-frequency EMR at 2.65/0.8 GHz significantly led to anxiety-like behavior in mice. Further analysis of mouse sera revealed substantial increases in corticosterone and corticotrophin releasing hormone levels following exposure to 2.65/0.8 GHz EMR. Transcriptome sequencing indicated a significant decrease in the expression of Cnr1, encoding cannabinoid receptor 1 Type (CB1R), in the cerebral. This finding was consistently verified through western blot analysis, revealing a substantial reduction in CB1R content. Additionally, a significant decrease in the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol was observed in the cerebral cortex. Remarkably, administering the cannabinoid receptor agonist Win55-212-2 significantly alleviated the anxiety-like behavior, and the cannabinoid receptor antagonist AM251 effectively counteracted the anti-anxiety effects of Win55-212-2. In summary, our research confirmed that dual-frequency EMR is more likely to induce anxiety-like behavior in mice than single-frequency EMR, with implications for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the endocannabinoid system. Furthermore, our findings suggest that Win55-212-2 may represent a novel avenue for researching and developing anti-EMR drugs.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 358: 120798, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603851

RESUMO

Adopting energy-saving and noise-reducing technologies in vehicle transportation has the potential to mitigate urban traffic pollution and promote sustainable urban mobility. However, a universal analytical framework for obtaining the combined energy savings and noise reduction patterns in vehicles is still lacking. This study addresses this gap by integrating a fundamental traffic noise model with a vehicle energy conservation equation. A theoretical framework was constructed that establishes the relationship between vehicle noise and energy consumption, with the theoretical origins of this framework explained. By summarizing a substantial body of classical literature, the typical model's properties are analyzed through the principle of optimality, and the noise interval for combined vehicle energy-saving and noise-reducing is determined. Subsequently, a rigorous vehicle experiment was conducted to validate the proposed framework's effectiveness, utilizing synchronized data on energy consumption and noise. The findings indicate that vehicles can achieve unconstrained combined energy-saving and noise-reducing in four driving states and conditional combined energy-saving and noise-reducing in five driving states. The Recall index demonstrates a verification rate exceeding 0.62 for the combined energy-saving and noise-reducing rules. This research provides valuable insights to support energy-saving and noise-reducing measures in urban traffic.


Assuntos
Ruído dos Transportes , Meios de Transporte , Ruído dos Transportes/prevenção & controle , Ruído/prevenção & controle , Modelos Teóricos , Cidades , Veículos Automotores
16.
Anal Chem ; 96(17): 6774-6783, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634427

RESUMO

The identification of a specific tumor cell is crucial for the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer. However, it remains a challenge due to the limited sensitivity and accuracy, long response time, and low contrast of the recent approaches. In this study, we develop a dual miRNA-triggered DNA walker (DMTDW) assisted by APE1 for the specific recognition of tumor cells. miR-10b and miR-155 were selected as the research models. Without miR-10b and miR-155 presence, the DNA walker remains inactive as its walking strand of W is locked by L1 and L2. After miR-10b and miR-155 are input, the DNA walker is triggered as miR-10b and miR-155 bind to L1 and L2 of W-L1-L2, respectively, unlocking W. The DNA walker is driven by endogenous APE1 that is highly catalytic and is highly expressed in the cytoplasm of tumor cells but barely expressed in normal cells, ensuring high contrast and reaction efficiency for specific recognition of tumor cells. Dual miRNA input is required to trigger the DNA walker, making this strategy with a high accuracy. The DMTDW strategy exhibited high sensitivity for miRNA analysis with a detection limit of 44.05 pM. Living cell-imaging experiments confirmed that the DMTDW could effectively respond to the fluctuation of miRNA and specifically identified MDA-MB-231 cells from different cell lines. The proposed DMTDW is sensitive, rapid, and accurate for specific tumor cell recognition. We believe that the DMTDW strategy can become a powerful diagnostic tool for the specific recognition of tumor cells.


Assuntos
DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos) , MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/análise , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Humanos , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/metabolismo , DNA/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
17.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 92(4): 871-883, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656472

RESUMO

The growing concern about migratory birds potentially spreading ticks due to global warming has become a significant issue. The city of Nantong in this study is situated along the East Asia-Australasian Flyway (EAAF), with numerous wetlands serving as roosting sites for migratory birds. We conducted an investigation of hard ticks and determined the phylogenetic characteristics of tick species in this city. We utilized three different genes for our study: the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COX1) gene, the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2), and the mitochondrial small subunit rRNA (12 S rRNA) gene. The predominant tick species were Haemaphysalis flava (H. flava) and Haemaphysalis longicornis (H. longicornis). Additionally, specimens of Haemaphysalis campanulata (H. campanulata) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (R. sanguineus) were collected. The H. flava specimens in this study showed a close genetic relationship with those from inland provinces of China, as well as South Korea and Japan. Furthermore, samples of H. longicornis exhibited a close genetic relationship with those from South Korea, Japan, Australia, and the USA, as well as specific provinces in China. Furthermore, R. sanguineus specimens captured in Nantong showed genetic similarities with specimens from Egypt, Nigeria, and Argentina.


Assuntos
Migração Animal , Aves , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons , Ixodidae , Filogenia , Animais , China , Ixodidae/genética , Ixodidae/classificação , Ixodidae/fisiologia , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/análise , RNA Ribossômico/genética , RNA Ribossômico/análise , Ninfa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ninfa/classificação , Ninfa/genética , Ninfa/fisiologia , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/análise , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/análise
18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 172, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627651

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of various intraocular lenses (IOLs), including standard monofocal, bifocal, trifocal, extended depth of focus (EDOF), and enhanced monofocal IOLs, post-cataract surgery through a network meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was conducted to identify relevant studies from the past 5 years. Parameters such as binocular visual acuities, spectacle independence, contrast sensitivity (CS), and optical quality were used to evaluate efficacy and safety. Data from the selected studies were analyzed using Review Manager 5.4 and STATA 17.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-eight Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) comprising 2465 subjects were included. Trifocal IOLs exhibited superior uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) compared to monofocal IOLs (MD: -0.35; 95% CI: -0.48, -0.22). Both trifocal (AcrySof IQ PanOptix IOLs group MD: -0.13; 95% CI: -0.21, -0.06) and EDOF IOLs (MD: -0.13; 95% CI: -0.17, -0.09) showed better uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA) than monofocal IOLs. Trifocal IOLs ranked highest in spectacle independence at various distances (AT LISAtri 839MP group: SUCRA 97.5% for distance, 80.7% for intermediate; AcrySof IQ PanOptix group: SUCRA 83.0% for near). CONCLUSIONS: For cataract patients who want to treat presbyopia, trifocal IOLs demonstrated better visual acuity and spectacle independence at near distances. Different types of trifocal IOL characteristics differ. EDOF and enhanced monofocal IOLs have improved visual quality at intermediate distances.Therefore, It is very important to select the appropriate IOLs based on the lens characteristics and patient needs.


Assuntos
Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Presbiopia , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Presbiopia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular , Satisfação do Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1365350, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628586

RESUMO

Background: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is the most prevalent autoimmune orbital condition, significantly impacting patients' appearance and quality of life. Early and accurate identification of active TAO along with timely treatment can enhance prognosis and reduce the occurrence of severe cases. Although the Clinical Activity Score (CAS) serves as an effective assessment system for TAO, it is susceptible to assessor experience bias. This study aimed to develop an ensemble deep learning system that combines anterior segment slit-lamp photographs of patients with facial images to simulate expert assessment of TAO. Method: The study included 156 patients with TAO who underwent detailed diagnosis and treatment at Shanxi Eye Hospital Affiliated to Shanxi Medical University from May 2020 to September 2023. Anterior segment slit-lamp photographs and facial images were used as different modalities and analyzed from multiple perspectives. Two ophthalmologists with more than 10 years of clinical experience independently determined the reference CAS for each image. An ensemble deep learning model based on the residual network was constructed under supervised learning to predict five key inflammatory signs (redness of the eyelids and conjunctiva, and swelling of the eyelids, conjunctiva, and caruncle or plica) associated with TAO, and to integrate these objective signs with two subjective symptoms (spontaneous retrobulbar pain and pain on attempted upward or downward gaze) in order to assess TAO activity. Results: The proposed model achieved 0.906 accuracy, 0.833 specificity, 0.906 precision, 0.906 recall, and 0.906 F1-score in active TAO diagnosis, demonstrating advanced performance in predicting CAS and TAO activity signs compared to conventional single-view unimodal approaches. The integration of multiple views and modalities, encompassing both anterior segment slit-lamp photographs and facial images, significantly improved the prediction accuracy of the model for TAO activity and CAS. Conclusion: The ensemble multi-view multimodal deep learning system developed in this study can more accurately assess the clinical activity of TAO than traditional methods that solely rely on facial images. This innovative approach is intended to enhance the efficiency of TAO activity assessment, providing a novel means for its comprehensive, early, and precise evaluation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Oftalmopatia de Graves , Humanos , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico por imagem , Qualidade de Vida , Órbita , Dor
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(40): 5294-5297, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659410

RESUMO

We developed a triazatruxene-based hole transport material (HTM), 3Ka-DBT-3Ka, aiming to enhance band alignment and augment charge generation and collection in devices, as an alternative for 1,2-ethanedithiol (EDT). The PbS CQD solar cells employing 3Ka-DBT-3Ka as the HTM achieve a peak efficiency of 11.4%, surpassing devices employing the conventional PbS-EDT HTM (8.9%).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...