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1.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(2): 161-164, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of different prone position ventilation (PPV) on patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) at high altitude. METHODS: The severe ARDS patients who met the Berlin standard admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital from January 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled. The patients with classic PPV treatment (i.e. alternate prone supine position, about 16 hours per day) were included in the discontinuous PPV group; the patients with modified PPV treatment (i.e. alternate left and right prone positions 20 degree angle-30 degree angle, every 4 hours and continuous treatment for 24 hours per day) were included in the continuous PPV group. The oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), mechanics of breathing, ventilator parameters before treatment and 72 hours after treatment, and mechanical ventilation time, the length of ICU stay, and related complications between the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: Eighteen cases were treated with continuous PPV and 20 cases were treated with discontinuous PPV. There were no significant differences in gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), PaO2/FiO2, lung compliance, driving pressure (ΔP) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) before treatment between the two groups. Compared with before treatment, PaO2/FiO2 in discontinuous PPV group and continuous PPV group was increased significantly after 72-hour treatment [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 99.7±15.4 vs. 55.5±6.3, 121.8±25.3 vs. 55.1±7.1, both P < 0.05], lung compliance was improved significantly (mL/cmH2O: 36.8±2.4 vs. 28.0±2.0, 43.4±6.7 vs. 27.7±2.1, both P < 0.05), and ΔP was decreased significantly [cmH2O (1 cmH2O = 0.098 kPa): 10.5 (10.0, 12.0) vs. 13.0 (12.3, 14.0), 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) vs. 13.0 (12.0, 14.0), both P < 0.05], PEEP was also decreased [cmH2O: 12 (12, 14) vs. 14 (13, 14), 10 (8, 10) vs. 14 (12, 15), both P < 0.05], and the indexes in continuous PPV group were improved more significantly than those in discontinuous PPV group [PaO2/FiO2 (mmHg): 121.8±25.3 vs. 99.7±15.4, lung compliance (mL/cmH2O): 43.4±6.7 vs. 36.8±2.4, ΔP (cmH2O): 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) vs. 10.5 (10.0, 12.0), PEEP (cmH2O): 10 (8, 10) vs. 12 (12, 14), all P < 0.05]. The duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay in the continuous PPV group were significantly shorter than those in the intermittent PPV group [days: 6.0 (5.0, 7.3) vs. 8.0 (7.0, 9.0), 9.7±1.5 vs. 12.1±2.2, both P < 0.01]. During the PPV treatment, there were 3 cases of cheek skin damage and 2 cases of ear skin damage in the continuous PPV group, and 3 cases of facial skin damage in the intermittent PPV group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups (χ2 = 0.321, P = 0.571). All patients were repaired normally after PPV, without adverse consequences. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous PPV is more effective than discontinuous PPV in the treatment of severe ARDS patients at high altitude, and the related complications are did not increased in prolonged time of PPV.


Assuntos
Altitude , Berlim , Humanos , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Decúbito Ventral , Respiração Artificial , /terapia
2.
BMC Neurosci ; 22(1): 20, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic plaques are often present in regions of arteries with complicated flow patterns. Vascular morphology plays important role in hemodynamics. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the geometry of the vertebrobasilar artery system and presence of basilar artery (BA) plaque. METHODS: We enrolled 290 patients with posterior circulation ischemic stroke. We distinguished four configurations of the vertebrobasilar artery: Walking, Tuning Fork, Lambda, and No Confluence. Patients were divided into multi-bending (≥ 3 bends) and oligo-bending (< 3 bends) VA groups. The diameter of the vertebral artery (VA) and the number of bends in the intracranial VA segment were assessed using three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate BA plaques. Logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship between the geometry type and BA plaque prevalence. RESULTS: After adjusting for sex, age, body mass index ≥ 28, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, the Walking, Lambda, and No Confluence geometries were associated with the presence of BA plaque (all p < 0.05). Patients with multi-bending VAs in both the Walking (20/28, 71.43% vs. 6/21, 28.57%, p = 0.003) and Lambda group (19/47, 40.43% vs. 21/97, 21.65%, p = 0.018) had more plaques compared to patients with oligo-bending VAs in these groups. In the Lambda group, the difference in diameter of bilateral VAs was larger in patients with BA plaques than that in patients without BA plaques (1.4 mm [IQR: 0.9-1.6 mm] vs. 0.9 mm [IQR: 0.6-1.3 mm], p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The Walking, Lambda, and No Confluence geometry, ≥ 3 bends in the VAs, and a large diameter difference between bilateral VAs are associated with the presence of BA plaque.

3.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 23, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have revealed the protective effect of DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) against diseases associated with ischemic hypoxia. However, the role of NBP in animals with hypobaric hypoxia has not been elucidated. This study investigated the effects of NBP on rodents with acute and chronic hypobaric hypoxia. METHODS: Sprague-Dwaley rats and Kunming mice administered with NBP (0, 60, 120, and 240 mg/kg for rats and 0, 90, 180, and 360 mg/kg for mice) were placed in a hypobaric hypoxia chamber at 10,000 m and the survival percentages at 30 min were determined. Then, the time and distance to exhaustion of drug-treated rodents were evaluated during treadmill running and motor-driven wheel-track treadmill experiments, conducted at 5800 m for 3 days or 20 days, to evaluate changes in physical functions. The frequency of active escapes and duration of active escapes were also determined for rats in a shuttle-box experiment, conducted at 5800 m for 6 days or 27 days, to evaluate changes in learning and memory function. ATP levels were measured in the gastrocnemius muscle and malonaldehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and lactate were detected in sera of rats, and routine blood tests were also performed. RESULTS: Survival analysis at 10,000 m indicated NBP could improve hypoxia tolerance ability. The time and distance to exhaustion for mice (NBP, 90 mg/kg) and time to exhaustion for rats (NBP, 120 and 240 mg/kg) significantly increased under conditions of acute hypoxia compared with control group. NBP treatment also significantly increased the time to exhaustion for rats when exposed to chronic hypoxia. Moreover, 240 mg/kg NBP significantly increased the frequency of active escapes under conditions of acute hypoxia. Furthermore, the levels of MDA and H2O2 decreased but those of SOD and GSH-Px in the sera of rats increased under conditions of acute and chronic hypoxia. Additionally, ATP levels in the gastrocnemius muscle significantly increased, while lactate levels in sera significantly decreased. CONCLUSION: NBP improved physical and learning and memory functions in rodents exposed to acute or chronic hypobaric hypoxia by increasing their anti-oxidative capacity and energy supply.

4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768429

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to observe the effect of selenium (Se) deficiency on inflammatory injury in the bursa of Fabricius of broiler chickens and to determine the role of the Toll-like receptor (TLR)/myeloid differential protein-88 (MyD88)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway during this process. Here, we revealed that severe inflammatory injury occurred in the broiler bursa of Fabricius with Se deficiency via histopathology. Moreover, the ultrastructural pathological results showed that the nuclear, mitochondrial, endoplasmic reticulum and cytomembrane structures were damaged to varying degrees. Additionally, interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interferon (IFN-γ) mRNA expression was markedly upregulated in the broiler bursa of Fabricius with Se deficiency. Furthermore, TLR, toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-ß (TRIF), MyD88, and NF-κB mRNA expression was also markedly elevated in the broiler bursa of Fabricius with Se deficiency. The above results suggested that Se deficiency increases the expression of numerous proinflammatory cytokines and is probably due to the activation of the TLR/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway, which causes inflammatory injury in the bursa of Fabricius of broiler chickens. Our findings provide a theoretical reference for further studying the underlying mechanism of Se deficiency-induced inflammatory injury in the bursa of Fabricius of broiler chickens.

5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(4): 2016-2023, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742836

RESUMO

The cadmium (Cd) accumulation characteristics of seven rice varieties (Ningliangyou 1, Y Liangyou 1, Shenliangyou, Tailiangyou, Yuejingsimiao, Youzhanbahao, and Huang Huazhan) were studied by pot-culture experiments in two paddy soils (Maling, Yunbiao) with different high geological backgrounds, and the possible impacting factors were explored. The results indicated that:① The grain Cd contents of the seven rice varieties grown in the two soils did not exceed the national food safety standard (GB 2762-2017), and the grain Cd content of Shengliangyou was the lowest; ② The grain Cd content of the seven rice varieties planted in the soil of Maling was higher than those of Yunbiao; ③ The redundancy analysis revealed that the accumulation of Cd in grains was influenced by the plant height, surface area of root, total cadmium in the soil, and EC and Eh of the soil during the heading stage. The correlation analysis indicated that the leading impacting factor of the grain Cd accumulation varied. In the Maling soil, the grain Cd content was primarily related to the rice root length, while it was related to the aboveground rice biomass in the Yunbiao soil.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Grão Comestível/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
6.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561320987039, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683978

RESUMO

Gingival carcinoma is a common malignant tumor occurring in the anterior area of the mandible, which can be derived from the epithelium of gingival mucosa. Surgical extended resection is the main treatment of gingival cancer, which can lead to anterior mandibular defect including mouth floor and mandible and mucosa of lower lip. According to the size of the defect, the common repair method is free musculocutaneous flap with vascular pedicle or pedicle flap. We present a method of repairing mandibular anterior tooth defect with an island flap pedicled with the mental artery.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8674847, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644230

RESUMO

Purpose: Bony resection is the primary step during total knee arthroplasty. The accuracy of bony resection was highly addressed because it was deemed to have a good relationship with mechanical line. Patient-specific instruments (PSI) were invented to copy the bony resection references from the preoperative surgical plan during a total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, the accuracy still remains controversial. This study was aimed at finding out the accuracy of the bony resection during PSI-assisted TKA. Methods: Forty-two PSI-assisted TKAs (based on full-length leg CT images) were analyzed retrospectively. Resected bones of every patient were given a CT scan, and three-dimensional radiographs were reconstructed. The thickness of each bony resection was measured with the three-dimensional radiographs and recorded. The saw blade thickness (1.27 mm) was added to the measurements, and the results represented intraoperative bone resection thickness. A comparison between intraoperative bone resection thickness and preoperatively planned thickness was conducted. The differences were calculated, and the outliers were defined as >3 mm. Results: The distal femoral condyle had the most accurate bone cuts with the smallest difference (median, 1.0 mm at the distal medial femoral condyle and 0.8 mm at the distal lateral femoral condyle) and the least outliers (none at the distal medial femoral condyle and 1 (2.4%) at the distal lateral femoral condyle). The tibial plateau came in second (median difference, 0.8 mm at the medial tibial plateau and 1.4 mm at the lateral tibial plateau; outliers, none at the medial tibial plateau and 1 (2.6%) at the lateral tibial plateau). Regardless of whether the threshold was set to >2 mm (14 (17.9%) at the tibial plateau vs. 12 (14.6%) at the distal femoral condyle, p > 0.05) or >3 mm (1 (1.3%) at the tibial plateau vs. 1 (1.2%) at the distal femoral condyle, p > 0.05), the accuracy of tibial plateau osteotomy was similar to that of the distal femoral condyle. Osteotomy accuracy at the posterior femoral condyle and the anterior femoral condyle were the worst. Outliers were up to 6 (15.0%) at the posterior medial femoral condyle, 5 (12.2%) at the posterior lateral femoral condyle, and 6 (15.8%) at the anterior femoral condyle. The percentages of overcut and undercut tended to 50% in most parts except the lateral tibial plateau. At the lateral tibial plateau, the undercut percentage was twice that of the overcut. Conclusion: The tibial plateau and the distal femoral condyle share a similar accuracy of osteotomy with PSI. PSI have a generally good accuracy during the femur and tibia bone resection in TKA. PSI could be a kind of user-friendly tool which can simplify TKA with good accuracy. Level of Evidence. This is a Level IV case series with no comparison group.

8.
Genes Dev ; 35(5-6): 379-391, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602872

RESUMO

Senescence is a key barrier to neoplastic transformation. To identify senescence regulators relevant to cancer, we screened a genome-wide shRNA library. Here, we describe exportin 7 (XPO7) as a novel regulator of senescence and validate its function in telomere-induced, replicative, and oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). XPO7 is a bidirectional transporter that regulates the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of a broad range of substrates. Depletion of XPO7 results in reduced levels of TCF3 and an impaired induction of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21CIP1 during OIS. Deletion of XPO7 correlates with poorer overall survival in several cancer types. Moreover, depletion of XPO7 alleviated OIS and increased tumor formation in a mouse model of liver cancer. Our results suggest that XPO7 is a novel tumor suppressor that regulates p21CIP1 expression to control senescence and tumorigenesis.

9.
Bioorg Chem ; 109: 104694, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601141

RESUMO

Cancer treatment is one of the major public health issues in the world. Tetrandrine (Tet) and fangchinoline (d-Tet) are two bis-benzyl isoquinoline alkaloids extracted from Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, and their antitumor activities have been confirmed. However, the effective dose of Tet and d-Tet were much higher than that of the positive control and failed to meet clinical standards. Therefore, in this study, as a continuation of our previous work to study and develop high-efficiency and low-toxic anti-tumor lead compounds, twenty new Tet and d-Tet derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as antitumor agents against six cancer cell lines (H460, H520, HeLa, HepG-2, MCF-7, SW480 cell lines) and BEAS-2B normal cells by CCK-8 analysis. Ten derivatives showed better cytotoxic effects than the parent fangchinoline, of which 4g showed the strongest cell growth inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.59 µM against A549 cells. Subsequently, the antitumor mechanism of 4g was studied by flow cytometry, Hoechst 33258, JC-1 staining, cell scratch, transwell migration, and Western blotting assays. These results showed that compound 4g could inhibit A549 cell proliferation by arresting the G2/M cell cycle and inhibiting cell migration and invasion by reducing MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. Meanwhile, 4g could induce apoptosis of A549 cells through the intrinsic pathway regulated by mitochondria. In addition, compound 4g inhibited the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt and mTOR, suggesting a correlation between blocking the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and the above antitumor activities. These results suggest that compound 4g may be a future drug for the development of new potential drug candidates against lung cancer.

10.
Chemotherapy ; : 1-7, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601377

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) in patients with nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Patients with nonmetastatic NPC who underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) were retrospectively analyzed. The AAPR was calculated using the last value of albumin to alkaline phosphatase that was measured within 1 week before CRT. The optimal cutoff value for the AAPR value was determined by an X-tile plot. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the differences of the baseline characteristics. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to calculate the survival. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was conducted for the multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Totally, 87 patients with nonmetastatic NPC who underwent CRT were included in the analysis. The optimal cutoff level for the AAPR was 0.46. The group with an AAPR ≤0.46 was more likely to have poorer overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (p = 0.023, p = 0.031 and p = 0.027, for OS, PFS, and DMFS, respectively). In Cox proportional hazards analysis, high AAPR was a better prognostic predictor. CONCLUSION: AAPR may be a reliable prognostic index for nonmetastatic NPC patients.

11.
Talanta ; 225: 121980, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592728

RESUMO

Methods capable of sensitive and facile quantification of low-abundant proteins play critical roles in disease diagnosis and treatment. Herein, on a rationally designed aptamer-based hairpin structure-switching template, we developed a protein triggering exponential amplification reaction (PTEXPAR) method. The platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) is used as model analyte in the current proof-of-concept experiments. This method can detect PDGF-BB specifically with a detection limit as low as 4.9 fM. Additionally, the proposed PTEXPAR strategy allows label- and wash-free one-pot quantification of protein within ~35 min. Moreover, it is potentially universal because hairpin template can be easily designed for other proteins by changing the corresponding aptamer sequence.

12.
Org Lett ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607866

RESUMO

A visible-light-induced radical tandem cyclization/arylation between 2-amino-1, 4-naphthoquinone and N-allyl-2-bromo-2,2-difluoroacetamides has been developed without an external photocatalyst. The transformation could be carried out at room temperature and gave a variety of C-3-functionalized 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives in moderate to excellent yields. Moreover, mechanistic studies revealed that the reaction is driven by the formation of an electron donor-acceptor (EDA) complex.

13.
Nanoscale ; 13(7): 4295-4300, 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595571

RESUMO

Giant shape amphiphiles (GSA) are giant molecules made with nano-building blocks that have distinct shapes. The incompatible packing behaviors of the nano-building blocks of GSA could create cavities within certain conformers of the GSA, but the host-guest chemistry of GSA has not been explored yet. In this study, POSS-PDI-POSS (PPP), which is made by connecting two nano-cubes, isobutyl-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS), to a conjugated π-conjugated core, perylene diimide (PDI), is demonstrated as a novel acyclic synthetic host. In its bent conformer, PPP shows a cavity next to its PDI core. Via forming host-guest complexes with π-conjugated guests such as pyrene and perylene, PPP is found to transform from the bent-conformer into the extended-conformer, creating the steric features to accommodate guest molecules. Subsequent thermal annealing of the host-guest complexes removes the π-conjugated guests and restores the bent conformation and photophysical properties of PPP, which verifies that PPP, as a novel acyclic host, is capable of dynamic host-guest assembly. Moreover, the results prove that cavities at the molecular level can be created by connecting nano-building blocks with distinct shapes. This finding may inspire developments in the host-guest chemistry of GSA and nanomaterial innovation.

14.
Chemistry ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506559

RESUMO

Invited for the cover of this issue is Qinghua Gong, Guowei Zhou, and co-workers at Qilu University of Technology. The dial represents the etching time of SiOx yolk in NaOH solution and the brightness of the Chinese red lantern represents the electrochemical performance of the composites. Read the full text of the article at 10.1002/chem.202003246.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 4243105, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506016

RESUMO

Alendronate (Aln) has been the first-line drug for osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), while the comparable efficacy of Aln and strontium ranelate (SrR) remains unclear. This study is aimed at comparing the effects of SrR and Aln treatment in a mouse model of OI. Three-week-old oim/oim and wt/wt female mice were treated with SrR (1800 mg/kg/day), Aln (0.21 mg/kg/week), or vehicle (Veh) for 11 weeks. After the treatment, the average number of fractures sustained per mouse was significantly reduced in both SrR- and Aln-treated oim/oim mice. The effect was comparable between these two agents. Both SrR and Aln significantly increased trabecular bone mineral density, bone histomorphometric parameters (bone volume, trabecular number, and cortical thickness and area), and biomechanical parameters (maximum load and stiffness) as compared with the Veh group. Both treatments reduced bone resorption parameters, with Aln demonstrating a stronger inhibitory effect than SrR. In contrast to its inhibitory effect on bone resorption, SrR maintained bone formation. Aln, however, also suppressed bone formation coupled with an inhibitory effect on bone resorption. The results of this study indicate that SrR has comparable effects with Aln on reducing fractures and improving bone mass and strength. In clinical practice, SrR may be considered an option for patients with OI when other medications are not suitable or have evident contraindications.

16.
Pancreatology ; 21(2): 418-427, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minor progress in pancreatic cancer treatment and prognosis implies that more reliable animal models are urgently needed to decipher its molecular mechanisms and preclinical research. We recently reported a genetically engineered adult mouse model where Cdkn2b downregulation was required together with Cdkn2a downregulation to inactivate the Rb pathway. Besides, the role of Smad4, which is mutated more frequently than Cdkn2b in human pancreatic cancer, was determined critical on the development of the pancreas tumor by some reports. However, the impact of Smad4 deficiency in combination with PDAC-relevant mutations, such as Cdkn2a when induced in adult pancreas has not been completely elucidated in mice. METHODS: Lentiviral delivered oncogene/tumor suppressors in adult pancreas. The development of pancreatic cancer was monitored. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunofluorescence were performed for pathological identification of the pancreatic cancer. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence and western blot were used to test gene expression. RESULTS: Loss of Smad4 could cooperate with alterations of KRAS, Trp53, and Cdkn2a to induce pancreatic cancer in adult mice. The role of Smad4 was mainly in downregulating the expression of Cdkn2b and further inducing phosphorylation of the Rb1 protein. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show an essential role of Smad4 deficiency in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) formation. This model better recapitulates the adult onset, clonal origin, and genetic alterations in human PDAC and can be simply generated on a large-scale.

17.
J Biotechnol ; 328: 72-77, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485862

RESUMO

Ganoderic acids (GAs) produced by Ganoderma are a type of lanostane-type triterpenoids with anticancer and antimetastatic activities; however, low production of GAs limits its wide application. In this study, a novel strategy by promoting sporulation of Ganoderma was developed to increase GA production. First, a high-spore producing Ganoderma strain G. 260125 was obtained from dikaryotic strain CGMCC 5.0026, and the sporulation-specific gene of this strain exhibits a higher transcription level than CGMCC 5.0026. Then, the effect of promoting sporulation on GA content was investigated. The maximum ganoderic acid (GA)-T, GA-Mk, and GA-Me contents in G. 260125 in shake flasks were 358.97, 78.32, and 12.75 µg/100 mg dry weight, respectively, which were 3.42, 2.91, and 1.73 times higher than those obtained in CGMCC 5.0026. Moreover, total and individual GA contents in spores were significantly higher than those in liquid static culture. Both concentrations of intermediates and transcription levels of GA biosynthetic genes also improved in G. 260125 during fermentation compared with those in CGMCC 5.0026. For scaling-up experiments, GA-T, GA-Me, and GA-Mk production in G. 260125 improved by 2.2-, 2.6-, and 2.1-fold compared with those in CGMCC 5.0026. In addition, the effectiveness of the developed strategy was also confirmed in three different Ganoderma strains. This work illustrated that promoting sporulation efficiently improves GA production in liquid static cultures of Ganoderma.

18.
Hum Cell ; 34(2): 550-563, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389678

RESUMO

PIWI (P element induced wimpy testis) integrating RNAs (piRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs with the length of approximately 30 nucleotides that plays crucial roles in germ cells and adult stem cells. Recently, accumulating data have shown that piRNA and PIWI proteins are involved in tumorigenesis. However, the roles of PIWI proteins and piRNAs in pancreatic cancer are still elusive. Here, we showed that piR-017061 is significantly downregulated in pancreatic cancer patients' samples and pancreatic cancer cell lines. Furthermore, we studied the function of piR-017061 in pancreatic cancer and our data revealed that piR-017061 inhibits pancreatic cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we analyzed the genomic loci around piR-017061 and identified EFNA5 as a novel target of piR-017061. Importantly, our data further revealed a direct binding between piR-017061 and EFNA5 mRNA mediated by PIWIL1. Mechanically, piR-017061 cooperates with PIWIL1 to facilitate EFNA5 mRNA degradation and loss of piR-017061 results in accumulation of EFNA5 which facilitates pancreatic cancer development. Hence, our data provided novel insights into PIWI/piRNA-mediated gene regulation and their function in pancreatic cancer. Since PIWI proteins and piRNA predominately express in germline and cancer cells, our study provided novel therapeutic strategy for pancreatic cancer treatment.

19.
Inflammation ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394189

RESUMO

Acute cerebral infarction (ACI) possesses high mortality. Exosomes present in serum have potential application value in ACI diagnosis. This study investigated the mechanism of serum exosomes in ACI. Serum exosomes isolated from ACI patients and normal people were identified and then injected into the established middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model to evaluate cerebral injury and inflammation. Exosomal microRNA (miR)-27-3p expression was detected and interfered to analyze rat cerebral inflammation. The binding relationship between miR-27-3p and PPARγ was predicted and verified. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated microglia model was established and intervened with miR-27-3p to detect PPARγ, Iba-1, and inflammation-related factor expressions. After overexpressing PPARγ, rat cerebral inflammation was evaluated. The clinical significance of serum exosomal miR-27-3p in ACI was evaluated. Serum exosomes from ACI patients caused exacerbated MCAO rat cerebral injury and poor behavior recovery, as well as promoted cerebral inflammation. Serum exosomal miR-27-3p deepened rat brain inflammation. miR-27-3p targeted PPARγ to promote microglia activation and inflammation-related factor expressions in MCAO rats, and overexpressing PPARγ attenuated MCAO rat cerebral inflammation. Serum exosomal miR-27-3p promised to be a biomarker for ACI. We proved that serum exosomes from ACI patients aggravated ACI patient cerebral inflammation via the miR-27-3p/PPARγ axis.

20.
Surg Today ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420827

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LaTME) is technically demanding in rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). This study aimed to predict the surgical difficulty of LaTME after NCRT based on pelvimetric parameters. METHODS: This study enrolled 147 patients who underwent LaTME after NCRT. The surgical difficulty was graded as high or low according to the operative time, estimated blood loss, conversion to open surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications. Pelvimetry parameters were collected based on preoperative MRI. A logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of high surgical difficulty, and a nomogram was developed. RESULTS: Totally, 18 (12.2%) patients were graded as high surgical difficulty. High surgical difficulty was correlated with a shorter interspinous distance (P = 0.014), a small angle α and γ (P = 0.008, P = 0.008, respectively), and a larger mesorectal area and mesorectal fat area (P = 0.041, P = 0.046, respectively). Tumor distance from the anal verge (OR = 0.619, P = 0.024), tumor diameter (OR = 3.747, P = 0.004), interspinous distance (OR = 0.127, P = 0.007), and angle α (OR = 0.821, P = 0.039) were independent predictors of high surgical difficulty. A predictive nomogram was developed with a C-index of 0.867. CONCLUSION: A shorter tumor distance from the anal verge, larger tumor diameter, shorter interspinous distance, and smaller angle α could help to predict high surgical difficulty of LaTME in male LARC patients after NCRT.

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