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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1429, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365899

RESUMO

Senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to aging-related cardiovascular diseases by promoting arterial remodelling and stiffness. Ferroptosis is a novel type of regulated cell death associated with lipid oxidation. Here, we show that pro-ferroptosis signaling drives VSMCs senescence to accelerate vascular NAD+ loss, remodelling and aging. Pro-ferroptotic signaling is triggered in senescent VSMCs and arteries of aged mice. Furthermore, the activation of pro-ferroptotic signaling in VSMCs not only induces NAD+ loss and senescence but also promotes the release of a pro-senescent secretome. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of pro-ferroptosis signaling, ameliorates VSMCs senescence, reduces vascular stiffness and retards the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm in mice. Mechanistically, we revealed that inhibition of pro-ferroptotic signaling facilitates the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of proliferator-activated receptor-γ and, thereby impeding nuclear receptor coactivator 4-ferrtin complex-centric ferritinophagy. Finally, the activated pro-ferroptotic signaling correlates with arterial stiffness in a human proof-of-concept study. These findings have significant implications for future therapeutic strategies aiming to eliminate vascular ferroptosis in senescence- or aging-associated cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Músculo Liso Vascular , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Artérias , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo
2.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 39(7-9): 512-530, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36851903

RESUMO

Significance: Pyroptosis is a discovered programmed cell death that is mainly executed by the gasdermin protein family. Cell swelling and membrane perforation are observed when pyroptosis occurs, and is accompanied by the liberation of cell contents. Recent Advances: As the study of pyroptosis continues to progress, there is increasing evidence that pyroptosis influences the development of tumors. In addition, the relationship between pyroptosis and tumor is diverse for different tissues and cells. Critical Issues: In this review, we first introduce the research history and molecular mechanisms of pyroptosis. Then we specifically discuss the link between pyroptosis and metabolic and oxidation in tumorigenesis. In the subsequent sections, we focus on the induction of pyroptosis in cancer and its potential role as a promising target for cancer therapy, and discuss the implications of pyroptosis in tumor treatment. In addition, we further summarize the therapeutic value of pyroptosis in tumor treatment. Future Directions: A detailed understanding of the role played by pyroptosis in tumors will help us to further explore tumor formation and progression and provide ideas for the development of new pyroptosis-based therapeutic approaches for patients. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 39, 512-530.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Piroptose , Humanos , Piroptose/fisiologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Carcinogênese , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Oxirredução
3.
Med Res Rev ; 43(3): 683-712, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658745

RESUMO

Cardio-metabolic-diseases (cardio-metabolic-diseases) are leading causes of death and disability worldwide and impose a tremendous burden on whole society as well as individuals. As a new type of regulated cell death (RCD), ferroptosis is distinct from several classical types of RCDs such as apoptosis and necroptosis in cell morphology, biochemistry, and genetics. The main molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis involve iron metabolism dysregulation, mitochondrial malfunction, impaired antioxidant capacity, accumulation of lipid-related peroxides and membrane disruption. Within the past few years, mounting evidence has shown that ferroptosis contributes to the pathophysiological process in cardio-metabolic-diseases. However, the exact roles and underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. This review comprehensively summarizes the mechanism of ferroptosis in the development and progression of cardio-metabolic-diseases, so as to provide new insights for cardio-metabolic-diseases pathophysiology. Moreover, we highlight potential druggable molecules in ferroptosis signaling pathway, and discuss recent advances in management strategies by targeting ferroptosis for prevention and treatment of cardio-metabolic-diseases.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Doenças Metabólicas , Humanos , Apoptose , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes , Peróxidos Lipídicos
4.
Cell Death Differ ; 30(2): 457-474, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477078

RESUMO

Smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotypic switch from a quiescent 'contractile' phenotype to a dedifferentiated and proliferative state underlies the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs); however, our understanding of the mechanism is still incomplete. In the present study, we explored the potential role of ferroptosis, a novel nonapoptotic form of cell death, in SMC phenotypic switch and related neointimal formation. We found that ferroptotic stress was triggered in cultured dedifferentiated SMCs and arterial neointimal tissue of wire-injured mice. Moreover, pro-ferroptosis stress was activated in arterial neointimal tissue of clinical patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy. Blockade of ferroptotic stress via administration of a pharmacological inhibitor or by global genetic overexpression of glutathione peroxidase-4 (GPX4), a well-established anti-ferroptosis molecule, delayed SMC phenotype switch and arterial remodelling. Conditional SMC-specific gene delivery of GPX4 using adreno-associated virus in the carotid artery inhibited ferroptosis and prevented neointimal formation. Conversely, ferroptosis stress directly triggered dedifferentiation of SMCs. Transcriptomics analysis demonstrated that inhibition of ferroptotic stress mainly targets the mitochondrial respiratory chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Mechanistically, ferroptosis inhibition corrected the disrupted mitochondrial homeostasis in dedifferentiated SMCs, including enhanced mitochondrial ROS production, dysregulated mitochondrial dynamics, and mitochondrial hyperpolarization, and ultimately inhibited SMC phenotypic switch and growth. Copper-diacetyl-bisN4-methylthiosemicarbazone (CuATSM), an agent used for clinical molecular imaging and that potently inhibits ferroptosis, prevented SMC phenotypic switch, neointimal formation and arterial inflammation in mice. These results indicate that pro-ferroptosis stress is likely to promote SMC phenotypic switch during neointimal formation and imply that inhibition of ferroptotic stress may be a promising translational approach to treat CVDs with SMC phenotype switch.


Assuntos
Desdiferenciação Celular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Camundongos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Homeostase , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Músculo Liso , Proliferação de Células
5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 44(5): 1014-1028, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323829

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a new form of regulated cell death characterized by excessive iron accumulation and uncontrollable lipid peroxidation. The role of ferroptosis in metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is not fully elucidated. In this study we compared the therapeutic effects of ferroptosis inhibitor liproxstatin-1 (LPT1) and iron chelator deferiprone (DFP) in MAFLD mouse models. This model was established in mice by feeding a high-fat diet with 30% fructose in water (HFHF) for 16 weeks. The mice then received LPT1 (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) or DFP (100 mg·kg-1·d-1, ig) for another 2 weeks. We showed that both LPT1 and DFP treatment blocked the ferroptosis markers ACSL4 and ALOX15 in MAFLD mice. Furthermore, LPT1 treatment significantly reduced the liver levels of triglycerides and cholesterol, lipid peroxidation markers 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and ameliorated the expression of lipid synthesis/oxidation genes (Pparα, Scd1, Fasn, Hmgcr and Cpt1a), insulin resistance, mitochondrial ROS content and liver fibrosis. Importantly, LPT1 treatment potently inhibited hepatic apoptosis (Bax/Bcl-xL ratio and TUNEL+ cell number), pyroptosis (cleavages of Caspase-1 and GSDMD) and necroptosis (phosphorylation of MLKL). Moreover, LPT1 treatment markedly inhibited cleavages of PANoptosis-related caspase-8 and caspase-6 in MAFLD mouse liver. In an in vitro MAFLD model, treatment with LPT1 (100 nM) prevented cultured hepatocyte against cell death induced by pro-PANoptosis molecules (TNF-α, LPS and nigericin) upon lipid stress. On the contrary, DFP treatment only mildly attenuated hepatic inflammation but failed to alleviate lipid deposition, insulin resistance, apoptosis, pyroptosis and necroptosis in MAFLD mice. We conclude that ferroptosis inhibitor LPT1 protects against steatosis and steatohepatitis in MAFLD mice, which may involve regulation of PANoptosis, a coordinated cell death pathway that involves apoptosis, pyroptosis and necroptosis. These results suggest a potential link between ferroptosis and PANoptosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Camundongos , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo
6.
Eur Heart J ; 43(43): 4579-4595, 2022 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929617

RESUMO

AIMS: Exercise confers protection against cardiovascular ageing, but the mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study sought to investigate the role of fibronectin type-III domain-containing protein 5 (FNDC5)/irisin, an exercise-associated hormone, in vascular ageing. Moreover, the existence of FNDC5/irisin in circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their biological functions was explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: FNDC5/irisin was reduced in natural ageing, senescence, and angiotensin II (Ang II)-treated conditions. The deletion of FNDC5 shortened lifespan in mice. Additionally, FNDC5 deficiency aggravated vascular stiffness, senescence, oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction in 24-month-old naturally aged and Ang II-treated mice. Conversely, treatment of recombinant irisin alleviated Ang II-induced vascular stiffness and senescence in mice and vascular smooth muscle cells. FNDC5 was triggered by exercise, while FNDC5 knockout abrogated exercise-induced protection against Ang II-induced vascular stiffness and senescence. Intriguingly, FNDC5 was detected in human and mouse blood-derived EVs, and exercise-induced FNDC5/irisin-enriched EVs showed potent anti-stiffness and anti-senescence effects in vivo and in vitro. Adeno-associated virus-mediated rescue of FNDC5 specifically in muscle but not liver in FNDC5 knockout mice, promoted the release of FNDC5/irisin-enriched EVs into circulation in response to exercise, which ameliorated vascular stiffness, senescence, and inflammation. Mechanistically, irisin activated DnaJb3/Hsp40 chaperone system to stabilize SIRT6 protein in an Hsp70-dependent manner. Finally, plasma irisin concentrations were positively associated with exercise time but negatively associated with arterial stiffness in a proof-of-concept human study. CONCLUSION: FNDC5/irisin-enriched EVs contribute to exercise-induced protection against vascular ageing. These findings indicate that the exerkine FNDC5/irisin may be a potential target for ageing-related vascular comorbidities.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Sirtuínas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Envelhecimento , Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/metabolismo
7.
Br J Pharmacol ; 178(10): 2111-2130, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a worldwide public health problem with no established pharmacological therapy. Here, we explored the potential benefit of P7C3-A20, a novel aminopropyl carbazole compound with neuroprotective activity, in a NAFLD model, induced in mice by a high-fat diet (HFD). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: C57BL/6J mice were given a HFD (42% fat content) for 16 weeks to induce NAFLD. P7C3-A20 (20 mg·kg-1 ·day-1 ) was given by gavage for 2 weeks. Indirect calorimetry, histological analysis, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and biomedical examinations were performed. Gut microbiota were determined using a 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing analysis. KEY RESULTS: P7C3-A20 treatment reduced body weight gain/adiposity, improved insulin resistance, promoted energy expenditure (O2 consumption/CO2 production), inhibited lipid oxidation, suppressed hepatic inflammation (Kupffer cell number and pro-inflammatory factors), decreased necroptosis/apoptosis (receptor-interacting protein kinase 3, cleaved caspase-3, and TUNEL), and alleviated liver fibrosis and injury. Mechanistically, P7C3-A20 stimulated FGF21 and FGF1 via activating liver kinase B1 (LKB1) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which further resulted in a reduced nuclear translocation of CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 2 (CRTC2). In AMPKα2 knockout mice, the protection of P7C3-A20 against HFD-induced metabolism abnormalities and fat accumulation, as well as the elevation of blood FGF21 and FGF1, was abolished. P7C3-A20 increased the gut microbiota species richness. Moreover, it enhanced the proportions of Akkermansia, Lactobacillus, and Prevotellaceae, while reducing the proportions of Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia, and Parasutterella. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: P7C3-A20 increased levels of NAD+ and alleviated NAFLD through stimulating FGF21 and FGF1 in an LKB1/AMPK/CRTC2-dependent manner and shaping gut microbiota. LINKED ARTICLES: This article is part of a themed issue on Cellular metabolism and diseases. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v178.10/issuetoc.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 48(2): 238-249, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051888

RESUMO

Glucose homeostasis is tightly controlled by balance between glucose production and uptake in liver tissue upon energy shortage condition. Altered glucose homeostasis contributes to the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders including diabetes and obesity. Here, we aimed to analyse the change of proteomic profile upon prolonged fasting in mice with isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labelling followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS) technology. Adult male mice were fed or fasted for 16 hours and liver tissues were collected for iTRAQ labelling followed by LC/MS analysis. A total of 322 differentially expressed proteins were identified, including 189 upregulated and 133 downregulated proteins. Bioinformatics analyses, including Gene Ontology analysis (GO), Kyoto encyclopaedia of genes and genomes analysis (KEGG) and protein-protein interaction analysis (PPI) were conducted to understand biological process, cell component, and molecular function of the 322 differentially expressed proteins. Among 322 hepatic proteins differentially expressed between fasting and fed mice, we validated three upregulated proteins (Pqlc2, Ehhadh and Apoa4) and two downregulated proteins (Uba52 and Rpl37) by western-blotting analysis. In cultured HepG2 hepatocellular cells, we found that depletion of Pqlc2 by siRNA-mediated knockdown impaired the insulin-induced glucose uptake, inhibited GLUT2 mRNA level and suppressed the insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation. By contrast, knockdown of Pqlc2 did not affect the cAMP/dexamethasone-induced gluconeogenesis. In conclusion, our study provides important information on protein profile change during prolonged fasting with iTRAQ- and LC-MS/MS-based quantitative proteomics, and identifies Pqlc2 as a potential regulator of hepatic glucose metabolism and insulin signalling pathway in this process.


Assuntos
Proteômica , Animais , Glucose , Masculino , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais
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