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1.
Clin Immunol ; : 110205, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575044

RESUMO

Increasing clinical data show that the imbalance of host metallome is closely associated with different kinds of disease, however, the intrinsic mechanisms of action of metals in immunity and pathogenesis of disease remain largely undefined. There is lack of multiplexed profiling system to integrate the metalloproteome-immunoproteome information at systemic level for exploring the roles of metals in immunity and disease pathogenesis. In this study, we build up a metal-coding assisted multiplexed proteome assay platform for serum metalloproteomic and immunoproteomic profiling. By taking COVID-19 as a showcase, we unbiasedly uncovered the most evident modulation of iron-related proteins, i.e., Ft and Tf, in serum of severe COVID-19 patients, and the value of Ft/Tf could work as a robust biomarker for COVID-19 severity stratification, which overtakes the well-established clinical risk factors (cytokines). We further uncovered a tight association of transferrin with inflammation mediator IL-10 in COVID-19 patients, which was proved to be mainly governed by the monocyte/macrophage of liver, shedding light on new pathophysiological and immune regulatory mechanisms of COVID-19 disease. We finally validated the beneficial effects of iron chelators as anti-viral agents in SARS-CoV-2-infected K18-hACE2 mice through modulation of iron dyshomeostasis and alleviating inflammation response. Our findings highlight the critical role of liver-mediated iron dysregulation in COVID-19 disease severity, providing solid evidence on the involvement of iron-related proteins in COVID-19 pathophysiology and immunity.

2.
Nat Chem ; 16(4): 543-555, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326646

RESUMO

DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DELs) have become a powerful technology platform in drug discovery. Dual-pharmacophore DELs display two sets of small molecules at the termini of DNA duplexes, thereby enabling the identification of synergistic binders against biological targets, and have been successfully applied in fragment-based ligand discovery and affinity maturation of known ligands. However, dual-pharmacophore DELs identify separate binders that require subsequent linking to obtain the full ligands, which is often challenging. Here we report a protein-templated DEL selection approach that can identify full ligand/inhibitor structures from DNA-encoded dynamic libraries (DEDLs) without the need for subsequent fragment linking. Our approach is based on dynamic DNA hybridization and target-templated in situ ligand synthesis, and it incorporates and encodes the linker structures in the library, along with the building blocks, to be sampled by the target protein. To demonstrate the performance of this method, 4.35-million- and 3.00-million-member DEDLs with different library architectures were prepared, and hit selection was achieved against four therapeutically relevant target proteins.


Assuntos
DNA , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , DNA/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Ligantes , Proteínas/metabolismo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(4): e2311630121, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232278

RESUMO

Copper is an essential trace element for the human body, and its requirement for optimistic immune functions has been recognized for decades. How copper is involved in the innate immune pathway, however, remains to be clarified. Here, we report that copper serves as a signal molecule to regulate the kinase activity of alpha-kinase 1 (ALPK1), a cytosolic pattern-recognition receptor (PRR), and therefore promotes host cell defense against bacterial infection. We show that in response to infection, host cells actively accumulate copper in the cytosol, and the accumulated cytosolic copper enhances host cell defense against evading pathogens, including intracellular and, unexpectedly, extracellular bacteria. Subsequently, we demonstrate that copper activates the innate immune pathway of host cells in an ALPK1-dependent manner. Further mechanistic studies reveal that copper binds to ALPK1 directly and is essential for the kinase activity of this cytosolic PRR. Moreover, the binding of copper to ALPK1 enhances the sensitivity of ALPK1 to the bacterial metabolite ADP-heptose and eventually prompts host cells to elicit an enhanced immune response during bacterial infection. Finally, using a zebrafish in vivo model, we show that a copper-treated host shows an increased production of proinflammatory cytokines, enhanced recruitment of phagosome cells, and promoted bacterial clearance. Our findings uncover a previously unrecognized role of copper in the modulation of host innate immune response against bacterial pathogens and advance our knowledge on the cross talk between cytosolic copper homeostasis and immune system.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Cobre , Animais , Humanos , Peixe-Zebra , Imunidade Inata , Citocinas , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão
4.
EBioMedicine ; 98: 104877, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37980794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV-1-associated immune activation drives CD4+ T cell depletion and the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We aimed to determine the role of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), the direct precursor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) co-enzyme, in CD4+ T cell modulation during HIV-1 infection. METHODS: We examined HIV-1 integrated DNA or transcribed RNA, intracellular p24 protein, and T cell activation markers in CD4+ T cells including in vitro HIV-1-infected cells, reactivated patient-derived cells, and in HIV-1-infected humanized mice, under NMN treatment. RNA-seq and CyTOF analyses were used for investigating the effect of NMN on CD4+ T cells. FINDINGS: We found that NMN increased the intracellular NAD amount, resulting in suppressed HIV-1 p24 production and proliferation in infected CD4+ T cells, especially in activated CD25+CD4+ T cells. NMN also inhibited CD25 expression on reactivated resting CD4+ T cells derived from cART-treated people living with HIV-1 (PLWH). In HIV-1-infected humanized mice, the frequency of CD4+ T cells was reconstituted significantly by combined cART and NMN treatment as compared with cART or NMN alone, which correlated with suppressed hyperactivation of CD4+ T cells. INTERPRETATION: Our results highlight the suppressive role of NMN in CD4+ T cell activation during HIV-1 infection. It warrants future clinical investigation of NMN as a potential treatment in combination with cART in PLWH. FUNDING: This work was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council Theme-Based Research Scheme (T11-706/18-N), University Research Committee of The University of Hong Kong, the Collaborative Research with GeneHarbor (Hong Kong) Biotechnologies Limited and National Key R&D Program of China (Grant2021YFC2301900).


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , NAD/metabolismo , Mononucleotídeo de Nicotinamida/metabolismo , Mononucleotídeo de Nicotinamida/farmacologia , HIV-1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
5.
ACS Infect Dis ; 2023 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37897418

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 nsp14 functions both as an exoribonuclease (ExoN) together with its critical cofactor nsp10 and as an S-adenosyl methionine-dependent (guanine-N7) methyltransferase (MTase), which makes it an attractive target for the development of pan-anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs. Herein, we screened a panel of compounds (and drugs) and found that certain compounds, especially Bi(III)-based compounds, could allosterically inhibit both MTase and ExoN activities of nsp14 potently. We further demonstrated that Bi(III) binds to both nsp14 and nsp10, resulting in the release of Zn(II) ions from the enzymes as well as alternation of protein quaternary structures. The in vitro activities of the compounds were also validated in SARS-CoV-2-infected mammalian cells. Importantly, we showed that nsp14 serves as an authentic target of Bi(III)-based antivirals in SARS-CoV-2-infected mammalian cells by quantification of both the protein and inhibitor. This study highlights the importance of nsp14/nsp10 as a potential target for the development of pan-antivirals against SARS-CoV-2 infection.

6.
RSC Chem Biol ; 4(10): 774-784, 2023 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37799578

RESUMO

The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) causes infections that are difficult to treat, which is due to the bacterial natural resistance to antibiotics. The bacterium is also able to form a biofilm that protects the bacterium from clearance by the human immune system and leads to chronic infection. Herein, we synthesized and characterized a novel gallium compound that interferes with both the iron metabolism and quorum sensing system of P. aeruginosa to achieve a significant bactericidal activity. The compound could substantially reduce the secretion of bacterial virulence factors as well as eliminate biofilm formation. Integrative omics analysis indicates that this compound can significantly disturb the gene transcription and metabolism of P. aeruginosa. The effectiveness of the gallium compound was further validated in mammalian cell and murine skin infection models. Our study offers a new strategy to design new gallium-based antimicrobials to combat P. aeruginosa infection.

7.
Chem Sci ; 14(38): 10570-10579, 2023 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37799995

RESUMO

Uncovering how host metal(loid)s mediate the immune response against invading pathogens is critical for better understanding the pathogenesis mechanism of infectious disease. Clinical data show that imbalance of host metal(loid)s is closely associated with the severity and mortality of COVID-19. However, it remains elusive how metal(loid)s, which are essential elements for all forms of life and closely associated with multiple diseases if dysregulated, are involved in COVID-19 pathophysiology and immunopathology. Herein, we built up a metal-coding assisted multiplexed serological metallome and immunoproteome profiling system to characterize the links of metallome with COVID-19 pathogenesis and immunity. We found distinct metallome features in COVID-19 patients compared with non-infected control subjects, which may serve as a biomarker for disease diagnosis. Moreover, we generated the first correlation network between the host metallome and immunity mediators, and unbiasedly uncovered a strong association of selenium with interleukin-10 (IL-10). Supplementation of selenium to immune cells resulted in enhanced IL-10 expression in B cells and reduced induction of proinflammatory cytokines in B and CD4+ T cells. The selenium-enhanced IL-10 production in B cells was confirmed to be attributable to the activation of ERK and Akt pathways. We further validated our cellular data in SARS-CoV-2-infected K18-hACE2 mice, and found that selenium supplementation alleviated SARS-CoV-2-induced lung damage characterized by decreased alveolar inflammatory infiltrates through restoration of virus-repressed selenoproteins to alleviate oxidative stress. Our approach can be readily extended to other diseases to understand how the host defends against invading pathogens through regulation of metallome.

8.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 12(2): 2254415, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37671453

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen responsible for a wide range of clinical infections. SaeRS is one of the two-component systems in S. aureus that modulate multiple virulence factors. Although SaeR is required for S. aureus to develop an infection, inhibitors have not been reported. Using an in vivo knockdown method, we demonstrated that SaeR is targetable for the discovery of antivirulence agent. HR3744 was discovered through a high-throughput screening utilizing a GFP-Lux dual reporter system driven by saeP1 promoter. The antivirulence efficacy of HR3744 was tested using Western blot, Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction, leucotoxicity, and haemolysis tests. In electrophoresis mobility shift assay, HR3744 inhibited SaeR-DNA probe binding. WaterLOGSY-NMR test showed HR3744 directly interacted with SaeR's DNA-binding domain. When SaeR was deleted, HR3744 lost its antivirulence property, validating the target specificity. Virtual docking and mutagenesis were used to confirm the target's specificity. When Glu159 was changed to Asn, the bacteria developed resistance to HR3744. A structure-activity relationship study revealed that a molecule with a slight modification did not inhibit SaeR, indicating the selectivity of HR3744. Interestingly, we found that SAV13, an analogue of HR3744, was four times more potent than HR3744 and demonstrated identical antivirulence properties and target specificity. In a mouse bacteraemia model, both HR3744 and SAV13 exhibited in vivo effectiveness. Collectively, we identified the first SaeR inhibitor, which exhibited in vitro and in vivo antivirulence properties, and proved that SaeR could be a novel target for developing antivirulence drugs against S. aureus infections.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças
9.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 5311, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37658047

RESUMO

The rapid emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) pathogens highlights the urgent need to approach this global burden with alternative strategies. Cefiderocol (Fetroja®) is a clinically-used sideromycin, that is utilized for the treatment of severe drug-resistant infections, caused by Gram-negative bacteria; there is evidence of cefiderocol-resistance occurring in bacterial strains however. To increase the efficacy and extend the life-span of sideromycins, we demonstrate strong synergisms between cefiderocol and metallodrugs (e.g., colloidal bismuth citrate (CBS)), against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia. Moreover, CBS enhances cefiderocol efficacy against biofilm formation, suppresses the resistance development in P. aeruginosa and resensitizes clinically isolated resistant P. aeruginosa to cefiderocol. Notably, the co-therapy of CBS and cefiderocol significantly increases the survival rate of mice and decreases bacterial loads in the lung in a murine acute pneumonia model. The observed phenomena are partially attributable to the competitive binding of Bi3+ to cefiderocol with Fe3+, leading to enhanced uptake of Bi3+ and reduced levels of Fe3+ in cells. Our studies provide insight into the antimicrobial potential of metallo-sideromycins.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Camundongos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Carga Bacteriana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(60): 9227-9230, 2023 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37417329

RESUMO

The continuous emergence of multi-drug resistant pathogens co-expressing serine and metallo-carbapenemases seriously threatens the efficacy of carbapenem. Here, we report the first SeCN-derived dual inhibitor of serine and metallo-carbapenemases with IC50 values ranging from 0.0038 to 1.27 µg mL-1. The inhibitor was shown to form covalent bonds with Cys221 of NDM-1 and Ser70 of KPC-2, respectively, achieving selective labelling and cross-class inhibition for carbapenemases. Our results provide a potential strategy to develop clinically useful dual inhibitors targeting serine and metallo-carbapenemases to combat superbugs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Proteínas de Bactérias , Antibacterianos/química , beta-Lactamases/química , Carbapenêmicos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 1738, 2023 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36977671

RESUMO

Chromium(III) is extensively used as a supplement for muscle development and the treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, its mode of action, essentiality, and physiological/pharmacological effects have been a subject of scientific debate for over half a century owing to the failure in identifying the molecular targets of Cr(III). Herein, by integrating fluorescence imaging with a proteomic approach, we visualized the Cr(III) proteome being mainly localized in the mitochondria, and subsequently identified and validated eight Cr(III)-binding proteins, which are predominately associated with ATP synthesis. We show that Cr(III) binds to ATP synthase at its beta subunit via the catalytic residues of Thr213/Glu242 and the nucleotide in the active site. Such a binding suppresses ATP synthase activity, leading to the activation of AMPK, improving glucose metabolism, and rescuing mitochondria from hyperglycaemia-induced fragmentation. The mode of action of Cr(III) in cells also holds true in type II diabetic male mice. Through this study, we resolve the long-standing question of how Cr(III) ameliorates hyperglycaemia stress at the molecular level, opening a new horizon for further exploration of the pharmacological effects of Cr(III).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , ATPases Mitocondriais Próton-Translocadoras , Cromo , Proteômica , Trifosfato de Adenosina
12.
J Biol Inorg Chem ; 28(2): 225-234, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662362

RESUMO

The emergence and rapid spread of the mobile colistin resistance gene mcr-1 among bacterial species and hosts significantly challenge the efficacy of "last-line" antibiotic colistin. Previously, we reported silver nitrate and auranofin serve as colistin adjuvants for combating mcr-1-positive bacteria. Herein, we uncovered more gold-based drugs and nanoparticles, and found that they exhibited varying degree of synergisms with colistin on killing mcr-1-positive bacteria. However, pre-activation of the drugs by either glutathione or N-acetyl cysteine, thus releasing and accumulating gold ions, is perquisite for their abilities to substitute zinc cofactor from MCR-1 enzyme. X-ray crystallography and biophysical studies further supported the proposed mechanism. This study not only provides basis for combining gold-based drugs and colistin for combating mcr-1-positive bacterial infections, but also undoubtedly opens a new horizon for metabolism details of gold-based drugs in overcoming antimicrobial resistance.


Assuntos
Colistina , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Colistina/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Ouro/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Plasmídeos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
13.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 51(5): 977-986, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446911

RESUMO

Accurate diagnosis of minor cartilage injuries with delayed contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is challenging as poor diffusion and toxicity issues limit the usage of common CT contrast agents. Hence, the design of safe contrast agents with physiochemical properties suitable for fast, deep cartilage imaging is imminent. Herein, a novel cationic bismuth contrast agent (Bi-DOTAPXD) based on dodecane tetraacetic acid (DOTA) was synthesized and examined for CECT of cartilage. The complex was designed to improve diagnosis by utilising a net-positive charge for enhanced permeability through cartilage, inherent low-toxicity and high X-ray attenuation of bismuth. Osteochondral plugs (n = 12), excised from visually intact porcine articular cartilage were immersed in Bi-DOTAPXD (8 mg/mL) and Gd-DOTAPXD (10 mg/mL) contrast agents and scanned with a high-resolution microcomputed tomography scanner at multiple time-points. The mean Bi-DOTAPXD and Gd-DOTAPXD partitions at 45-min time-point were 85.7 ± 35.1 and 69.8 ± 30.2%, and the partitions correlated with the histopathological analysis of cartilage proteoglycan (PG) content (r) at 0.657 and 0.632, respectively. The time diffusion constants (τ) for Bi-DOTAPXD and Gd-DOTA were 121 and 159 min, respectively. Diffusion Bi-DOTAPXD and Gd-DOTAPXD reflected inter-sample variation in cartilage PG content. Cationic Bi-DOTAPXD may have the potential as a CT agent for the diagnosis of cartilage.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Meios de Contraste , Animais , Suínos , Meios de Contraste/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Bismuto , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Proteoglicanas
14.
Mater Today Bio ; 18: 100507, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504541

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance is a global public health threat, and urgent actions should be undertaken for developing alternative antimicrobial strategies and approaches. Notably, bismuth drugs exhibit potent antimicrobial effects on various pathogens and promising efficacy in tackling SARS-CoV-2 and related infections. As such, bismuth-based materials could precisely combat pathogenic bacteria and effectively treat the resultant infections and inflammatory diseases through a controlled release of Bi ions for targeted drug delivery. Currently, it is a great challenge to rapidly and massively manufacture bismuth-based particles, and yet there are no reports on effectively constructing such porous antimicrobial-loaded particles. Herein, we have developed two rapid approaches (i.e., ultrasound-assisted and agitation-free methods) to synthesizing bismuth-based materials with ellipsoid- (Ellipsoids) and rod-like (Rods) morphologies respectively, and fully characterized physicochemical properties. Rods with a porous structure were confirmed as bismuth metal-organic frameworks (Bi-MOF) and aligned with the crystalline structure of CAU-17. Importantly, the formation of Rods was a 'two-step' crystallization process of growing almond-flake-like units followed by stacking into the rod-like structure. The size of Bi-MOF was precisely controlled from micro-to nano-scales by varying concentrations of metal ions and their ratio to the ligand. Moreover, both Ellipsoids and Rods showed excellent biocompatibility with human gingival fibroblasts and potent antimicrobial effects on the Gram-negative oral pathogens including Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum. Both Ellipsoids and Rods at 50 â€‹µg/mL could disrupt the bacterial membranes, and particularly eliminate P. gingivalis biofilms. This study demonstrates highly efficient and facile approaches to synthesizing bismuth-based particles. Our work could enrich the administration modalities of metallic drugs for promising antibiotic-free healthcare.

15.
J Inorg Biochem ; 234: 111885, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690040

RESUMO

Being identified with less toxic and generally showing selective effects for solid tumor metastases, ruthenium and osmium compounds are promising drug candidates for clinical uses. Human serum proteins, such as albumin and transferrin, play vital roles in the transportation and accumulation of ruthenium and osmium agents into target tissues. However, the molecular mechanism of how transferrin transport ruthenium and their osmium analogues at atomic level remains obscure. In this study, we uncovered that the cellular uptake of Os3+ or Ru3+ are not competed by Fe3+. To unveil the molecular mechanism behind the phenomena, we report the first crystal structures of human serum transferrin (hTF) in complex with ruthenium and osmium compounds bound to the non-conserved residues on the surface of hTF without altering its overall conformation. As for Ru3+ and Os3+, these binding sites by descending affinity are: His14/His289, His349-350 ~ His578/Arg581. Ruthenium drugs and their osmium analogues preferentially bind to His14/His289 with bipyridine or imidazole ligands leaving. These binding sites on hTF surface are also available in human lactoferrin and some transferrin family member of other species. The presence of these binding sites makes the cellular uptake of Ru3+ and Os3+ less affected by Fe3+, compare to Zr4+ or Hf4+. Collectively, these findings are critical for our understanding of the role of serum transferrin in cellular delivery of ruthenium and osmium anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Rutênio , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Osmio/química , Compostos de Ósmio/metabolismo , Rutênio/química , Transferrina/química
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(54): 7466-7482, 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730442

RESUMO

The emerging COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has claimed over six million lives globally to date. Despite the availability of vaccines, the pandemic still cannot be fully controlled owing to rapid mutation of the virus that renders enhanced transmissibility and antibody evasion. This is thus an unmet need to develop safe and effective therapeutic options for COVID-19, in particular, remedies that can be used at home. Considering the great success of multi-targeted cocktail therapy for the treatment of viral infections, metal-based drugs might represent a unique and new source of antivirals that resemble a cocktail therapy in terms of their mode of actions. In this review, we first summarize the role that metal ions played in SARS-CoV-2 viral replication and pathogenesis, then highlight the chemistry of metal-based strategies in the fight against SARS-CoV-2 infection, including both metal displacement and chelation based approaches. Finally, we outline a perspective and direction on how to design and develop metal-based antivirals for the fight against the current or future coronavirus pandemic.


Assuntos
Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , Vacinas , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Chem Sci ; 13(11): 3216-3226, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414865

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 highlights the urgent need to develop sensitive methods for diagnosis and prognosis. To achieve this, multidimensional detection of SARS-CoV-2 related parameters including virus loads, immune response, and inflammation factors is crucial. Herein, by using metal-tagged antibodies as reporting probes, we developed a multiplex metal-detection based assay (MMDA) method as a general multiplex assay strategy for biofluids. This strategy provides extremely high multiplexing capability (theoretically over 100) compared with other reported biofluid assay methods. As a proof-of-concept, MMDA was used for serologic profiling of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. The MMDA exhibits significantly higher sensitivity and specificity than ELISA for the detection of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. By integrating the high dimensional data exploration/visualization tool (tSNE) and machine learning algorithms with in-depth analysis of multiplex data, we classified COVID-19 patients into different subgroups based on their distinct antibody landscape. We unbiasedly identified anti-SARS-CoV-2-nucleocapsid IgG and IgA as the most potently induced types of antibodies for COVID-19 diagnosis, and anti-SARS-CoV-2-spike IgA as a biomarker for disease severity stratification. MMDA represents a more accurate method for the diagnosis and disease severity stratification of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, as well as for biomarker discovery of other diseases.

18.
Annu Rev Biochem ; 91: 449-473, 2022 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303792

RESUMO

Metals are essential components in life processes and participate in many important biological processes. Dysregulation of metal homeostasis is correlated with many diseases. Metals are also frequently incorporated into diagnosis and therapeutics. Understanding of metal homeostasis under (patho)physiological conditions and the molecular mechanisms of action of metallodrugs in biological systems has positive impacts on human health. As an emerging interdisciplinary area of research, metalloproteomics involves investigating metal-protein interactions in biological systems at a proteome-wide scale, has received growing attention, and has been implemented into metal-related research. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in metalloproteomics methodologies and applications. We also highlight emerging single-cell metalloproteomics, including time-resolved inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, mass cytometry, and secondary ion mass spectrometry. Finally, we discuss future perspectives in metalloproteomics, aiming to attract more original research to develop more advanced methodologies, which could be utilized rapidly by biochemists or biologists to expand our knowledge of how metal functions in biology and medicine.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Metaloproteínas , Humanos , Metaloproteínas/análise , Metaloproteínas/química , Metaloproteínas/genética , Metais/análise , Metais/química , Proteoma/genética , Proteômica/métodos
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(11): e2119417119, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35263219

RESUMO

Colistin is considered the last-line antimicrobial for the treatment of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections. The emergence and spread of superbugs carrying the mobile colistin resistance gene (mcr) have become the most serious and urgent threat to healthcare. Here, we discover that silver (Ag+), including silver nanoparticles, could restore colistin efficacy against mcr-positive bacteria. We show that Ag+ inhibits the activity of the MCR-1 enzyme via substitution of Zn2+ in the active site. Unexpectedly, a tetra-silver center was found in the active-site pocket of MCR-1 as revealed by the X-ray structure of the Ag-bound MCR-1, resulting in the prevention of substrate binding. Moreover, Ag+effectively slows down the development of higher-level resistance and reduces mutation frequency. Importantly, the combined use of Ag+ at a low concentration with colistin could relieve dermonecrotic lesions and reduce the bacterial load of mice infected with mcr-1­carrying pathogens. This study depicts a mechanism of Ag+ inhibition of MCR enzymes and demonstrates the potentials of Ag+ as broad-spectrum inhibitors for the treatment of mcr-positive bacterial infection in combination with colistin.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Colistina , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli , Prata , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Colistina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Plasmídeos/genética , Prata/farmacologia
20.
Chem Sci ; 13(8): 2238-2248, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310492

RESUMO

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern compromises vaccine efficacy and emphasizes the need for further development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 therapeutics, in particular orally administered take-home therapies. Cocktail therapy has shown great promise in the treatment of viral infection. Herein, we reported the potent preclinical anti-SARS-CoV-2 efficacy of a cocktail therapy consisting of clinically used drugs, e.g. colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS) or bismuth subsalicylate (BSS), and N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). Oral administration of the cocktail reduced viral loads in the lung and ameliorated virus-induced pneumonia in a hamster infection model. The mechanistic studies showed that NAC prevented the hydrolysis of bismuth drugs at gastric pH via the formation of the stable component [Bi(NAC)3], and optimized the pharmacokinetics profile of CBS in vivo. Combination of bismuth drugs with NAC suppressed the replication of a panel of medically important coronaviruses including Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV), Human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) and SARS-CoV-2 Alpha variant (B.1.1.7) with broad-spectrum inhibitory activities towards key viral cysteine enzymes/proteases including papain-like protease (PLpro), main protease (Mpro), helicase (Hel) and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Importantly, our study offered a potential at-home treatment for combating SARS-CoV-2 and future coronavirus infections.

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