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1.
Anim Nutr ; 12: 375-387, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733784

RESUMO

In order to find viable alternative protein sources for aquaculture, we evaluated the effect of partial or complete replacement of dietary soybean meal with yellow mealworm (TM) on the flesh quality of grass carp. In this study, 180 grass carp (511.85 ± 0.25 g) were fed 3 experimental diets in which 0% (CN), 30% (YM30) and 100% (YM100) dietary soybean meal was replaced by TM for 90 d. The results showed that growth performance, biological parameters and serum antioxidant capacity of grass carp were not affected by dietary TM (P > 0.05). Both muscle and whole body crude protein were obviously promoted with the increase of dietary TM (P < 0.05), and the concentration of heavy metal in muscle was not influenced (P > 0.05), indicating that food safety was not influenced by TM. Dietary TM improved muscle textural characteristics by elevating adhesiveness, springiness and chewiness in YM100 (P < 0.05). In addition, the muscle tenderness was significantly increased by declining the shear force (P < 0.05). The muscle fiber density in YM30 &YM100 and length of dark bands and sarcomeres in YM100 were obviously increased (P < 0.05). The expression of myf5, myog and myhc exhibited a significant upward trend with the increase of dietary TM (P < 0.05), which promoted fiber density, length of sarcomere and texture of grass carp muscle. According to the results of metabolomics, the arachidonate (ARA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) were notably elevated in YM30 and YM100, which indicated that the improvement of flesh quality of grass carp may contribute to the dietary TM influence on muscle lipid metabolism, especially the polyunsaturated fatty acids. In conclusion, TM can completely replace dietary soybean meal and improve the nutritional value of grass carp.

2.
Food Res Int ; 164: 112341, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36738017

RESUMO

Betanin (BN) is a kind of edible natural red pigment with a variety of biological activities, but the thermal instability of BN has critically restricted its application in food industry. In this study, complex plant protein (RP-PP) was constructed by rice protein (RP) and pea protein (PP) to study the thermal protection effect and protective mechanism on BN. Thermal degradation results indicated RP-PP significantly improved thermal protection effect, and the degradation rate of BN was decreased from 93.74 % to 56.48 % after heating at 80 ℃ for 60 min. The main interaction between RP-PP and BN was hydrophobic force based on the result of fluorescence spectroscopy, FTIR and molecular docking. In addition, a porous network structure of RP-PP was observed by SEM, and the pore structure gradually decreased at the presence of BN, which speculated BN was trapped in it. TEM observation showed that RP-PP gradually aggregated with the increasing BN concentration, leading to a significant increase in particle size and the formation of network structure. The BN acted as a bridge to the surrounding proteins in the aggregated complex and was encapsulated within it. The interaction and encapsulation may be the key reasons for the improved thermal stability of BN.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(1): 71-81, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725260

RESUMO

Wuzhuyu Decoction, the classical formula recorded in the Treatise on Febrile Diseases(Shang Han Lun), has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classic Prescriptions(the First Batch). Consisting of Euodiae Fructus, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Jujubae Fructus, it is effective in warming the middle, tonifying deficiency, dispelling cold, and descending adverse Qi, and is widely applied clinically with remarkable efficacies. For a classical formula, the chemical composition is the material basis and an important premise for quantity value transfer. This study aimed to establish a rapid identification method of chemical components in Wuzhuyu Decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry(HR-MS) and molecular network. AQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used for sample separation, and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water was used as mobile phases for gradient elution. Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and GNPS molecular network was plotted according to the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation modes. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to screen molecular clusters with similar structures. Finally, the chemical components of Wuzhuyu Decoction were rapidly identified according to the controls, as well as the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular weight of HR-MS, and MS/MS multistage fragments. A total of 105 chemical components were identified in Wuzhuyu Decoction. This study can provide data for the follow-up quality control, standard substance research, and pharmacodynamic material research on Wuzhuyu Decoction, as well as references for the rapid qualitative analysis of the chemical components of Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Controle de Qualidade
4.
Environ Pollut ; : 121172, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731736

RESUMO

This study examined volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the combustion of seven typical biomass fuel types in a traditional stove, elevated kang, and biomass furnace and from the combustion of three types of coal in coal furnaces. The results revealed that emission factors (EFs) of VOCs emitted from combustion processes ranged from 48.8 ±â€¯29.1 mg/kg (for anthracite combustion in an outdoor boiler) to 5700 ±â€¯6040 mg/kg (for sesame straw combustion in a traditional stove). Changing the fuel type engendered a more significant EF reduction (82.7%) than changing the stove type (51.8%). The emitted VOCs (including oxygenated VOCs, OVOCs) can be ordered as follows (in descending order) in terms of proportion: OVOCs > alkenes > aromatic VOCs > alkanes > halo hydrocarbons > alkynes. These results indicate solid fuel combustion processes warrant attention because they produce high OVOC emissions. The ozone formation potential (OFP) values derived for VOCs emitted from solid fuel combustion ranged from 5.83 ±â€¯0.72 to 1910 ±â€¯1750 mg/kg. Clean fuel and clean stove technologies both exhibited >80% efficiency levels in reducing OFP emissions (e.g., 80.6% reduction for the optimal fuel; 89.4% reduction for a clean stove). Therefore, the difference between VOC emission profiles from different combustion technologies should not be ignored. This study also noted substantial differences between VOC emissions from residential combustion and industrial combustion. Accordingly, attention should be paid to the local characteristics of fuels and stoves and to VOC emissions from residential combustion.

5.
Z Rheumatol ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inflammatory factor interferon (IFN)-γ is related to the occurrence and development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The vitamin D receptor (VDR) has an anti-inflammatory effect and its downregulation is involved in the onset of SLE. Our previous studies have confirmed that the expression of VDR in SLE peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is downregulated, which is negatively correlated with disease activity and inflammation. However, the mechanism underlying VDR downregulation in SLE is unknown. METHODS: Based on the results of computer simulation analysis, the expression of VDR and four microRNAs (miR-17-3p, miR-34a, miR-346, and miR-125b) in SLE PBMC cells was analyzed under proinflammatory cytokine IFN­Î³ treatment, and miR-125b was identified as the target miRNA. The relationship between IFN­Î³, miR-125b, and VDR was further assessed in THP­1 cells. RESULTS: We showed that IFN­Î³ inhibited the expression of VDR and miR-125b. Further study revealed that VDR mRNA was positively correlated with miR-125b in THP­1 cells after IFN­Î³ intervention. After transfection of miR-125b mimic or inhibitor, the expression of VDR in the miR-125b inhibitor group was lower than in the control group and miR-125b mimic group, while expression in the control group was lower than in miR-125b mimic group. Transfection of miR-125b inhibitor into THP­1 cells could further promote the ability of IFN­Î³ to inhibit VDR. CONCLUSION: The decrease in VDR expression promotes development of inflammation and SLE. These data suggest that miR-125b may mediate inflammatory factor IFN-γ-induced downregulation of VDR in the pathogenesis of SLE.

6.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735058

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Metastatic involvement of the lingual lymph nodes (LLNs) in oral cavity squamous cell cancer (SCC) has recently been proven to significantly reduce locoregional control and survival. Despite recent refinements in the detection of these lesions, the understanding of the LLN topographic anatomy among clinicians is limited. A proposition of a topographic division on LLN based on a comprehensive literature search and synthesis may be helpful in this condition. METHODS: A literature search and election based on contemporary PRISMA guidelines was performed for sources on LLN anatomy with special attention on their subdivision. RESULTS: Four topographic LLN subgroups were defined: median-between genioglossal and geniohyoid muscles; intermediate parahyoid-medial to the hyoglossal muscle, at the greater cornu of the hyoid bone; lateral sublingual (paraglandular) LLNs-at the sublingual salivary gland; lateral submandibular (paraglandular) LLNs -lateral to the hyoglossal muscle, at the deep surface of the submandibular salivary gland. CONCLUSION: The development and implementation of a unified anatomical topographic classification of LLN subgroups may be among the important conditions for improving the detection and treatment of LLN lesions.

7.
J Environ Manage ; 332: 117358, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724595

RESUMO

While altitude affects climatic characteristics, terrestrial plant habitats, and species composition, few studies considered the effects of altitude on ecosystem multifunctionality (EMF). Here, we teased apart the EMF at different altitude with a linear piecewise quantile regression and explore ecosystem functions and environmental factors with EMF along the altitudinal gradient across the Tibetan Plateau. Then, we estimated the response of ecosystem functions to environmental factors, and explain the impact of environmental factors on EMF through the structural equation model. Our data revealed an EMF changepoint at an altitude of about 3900 m where the EMF could be segregated into low- and high-altitude patterns. Our results indicate that water availability drives the EMF mainly through improving soil nutrients and microbe cycling functions in low-altitude regions; conversely, water-heat and phenological conditions regulate the EMF through the role of plant productivity and soil nutrients in high-altitude regions. As such, our EMF analysis suggests that to maintain the long-term stability of the grassland ecosystem, it becomes critical to fully consider the differences in the altitudinal patterns and mechanisms, particularly under the ongoing climate change.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727591

RESUMO

With easily accessible and operator-friendly reagents, shelf-stable ortho-methoxycarbonylethynylphenyl thioglycosides were efficiently prepared. Based on these MCEPT glycoside donors, a novel glycosylation protocol featuring mild and catalytic promotion conditions with Au(I) or Cu(II) complexes, expanded substrate scope encompassing challenging donors and acceptors and clinically used pharmaceuticals, and versatility in various strategies for highly efficient synthesis of glycosides has been established. The practicality of the MCEPT glycosylation protocol was fully exhibited by highly efficient and scalable synthesis of surface polysaccharide subunits of Acinetobacter baumannii via latent-active, reagent-controlled divergent orthogonal one-pot and orthogonal one-pot strategies. The underlying reaction mechanism was investigated systematically through control reactions, leading to the isolation and characterization of the vital catalyst species in MCEPT glycosylation, the benzothiophen-3-yl-gold(I) complex. Based on the results obtained both from control reactions and from studies leading to the glycosylation protocol establishment, an operative mechanism was proposed and the effect of the vital catalyst species reactivity on the results of metal-catalyzed alkyne-containing donor-involved glycosylation was disclosed. Moreover, the mechanism for C-glycosylation side product formation from ortho-(substituted)ethynylphenyl thioglycoside donors with electron-donating substituents was also illuminated.

9.
J Med Virol ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on the dynamic changes in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) during antiviral therapy are scarce. We aimed to investigate the evolution of NAFLD status change in CHB patients treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) and its influence on therapeutic outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study included 164 HBeAg-positive CHB patients from a randomized controlled trial who were treated with NAs for 104 weeks and underwent paired liver biopsies. Histological evaluation was performed at baseline and week 104. The patients were divided into four groups according to NAFLD status changes. RESULTS: From baseline to week 104, the overall percentage of CHB patients with concurrent NAFLD increased from 17.1% to 26.2% (P = 0.044). Among them, seven of 28 patients (25.0%) with NAFLD at baseline showed NAFLD remission at week 104, while 22 of 136 patients (16.2%) without NAFLD at baseline developed new-onset NAFLD. In subgroup analyses, the new-onset and sustained NAFLD groups showed significantly lower rates of biochemical response at week 104 as compared to the sustained non-NAFLD group (77.3% and 55% vs. 93.9%, respectively; all P < 0.05), as well as fibrosis improvement (31.8% and 45.0% vs. 69.3%, respectively; all P < 0.05). NAFLD status changes did not influence the virological response, HBeAg seroconversion, and necroinflammation improvement (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In HBeAg-positive CHB patients receiving NAs therapy, new-onset and sustained NAFLD may counteract the benefits of antiviral therapy, reducing the rate of biochemical response and fibrosis improvement. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 53, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593245

RESUMO

Selenium is an essential micronutrient element. For the extremely biotoxic of selenite, Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) is gaining increasing interest. In this work, a selenium-enriched strain with highly selenite-resistant (up to 173 mmol/L) was isolated from the local specialty food of longevity area and identified as Paenibacillus motobuensis (P. motobuensis) LY5201. Most of the SeNPs were accumulated extracellular. SeNPs were around spherical with a diameter of approximately 100 nm. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that the purified SeNPs consisted of selenium and proteins. Our results suggested that P. motobuensis LY5201could be a suitable and robust biocatalyst for SeNPs synthesis. In addition, the cytotoxicity effect and the anti-invasive activity of SeNPs on the HepG2 showed an inhibitory effect on HepG2, indicating that SeNPs could be used as a potential anticancer drug.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas , Selênio , Selênio/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ácido Selenioso/metabolismo
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609968

RESUMO

Short-term or long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is related to increased incidences of respiratory diseases. This study aimed to investigate the influences of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) supplementation on oxidative stress, inflammation, lung metabolic profile, and gut microbiota in PM2.5-induced lung injury mice. Mice were divided into four groups (n = 15, per group): two unsupplemented groups, control group and PM2.5 group, and two supplemented groups with ω-3 PUFAs, ω-3 PUFAs group, and ω-3 PUFAs + PM2.5 group. Mice in the supplemented groups were placed on an ω-3 PUFAs-enriched diet (ω-3 PUFAs, 21 g/kg). During the 5th to 6th week of dietary supplementation, mice were exposed to PM2.5 by intra-tracheal instillation. ω-3 PUFAs ameliorate lung histopathological injury, reduce inflammatory responses and oxidative stress, affect lung metabolite profile, and modulate gut microbiota in PM2.5-induced lung injury mice. Thus, supplementary ω-3 PUFAs showed effectiveness in attenuation of PM2.5-induced lung injury, indicating that the interventions exhibited preventive and therapeutic potential.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614257

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of articular cartilage that is mainly characterized by chronic and mild inflammation of the joints. Recently, many studies have reported the crucial roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in OA as gene transcriptional regulatory factors, diagnostic biomarkers, or therapeutic targets. However, the exact mechanisms of lncRNAs in the regulation of OA progression remain unclear. In the present study, the lncRNA WDR11 divergent transcript (lncRNA WDR11-AS1) was shown to be downregulated in osteoarthritic cartilage tissues from patients, and to promote extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in osteoarthritic chondrocytes with knockdown and overexpression experiments. This function of lncRNA WDR11-AS1 was linked to its ability to interact with the polyadenylate-binding protein cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), which was screened by RNA pulldown and mass spectrometry analyses. PABPC1 was discovered to bind ECM-related mRNAs such as SOX9, and the inhibition of PABPC1 improved the mRNA stability of SOX9 to mitigate OA progression. Our results suggest that lncRNA WDR11-AS1 has a promising inhibitory effect on inflammation-induced ECM degradation in OA by directly binding PABPC1, thereby establishing lncRNA WDR11-AS1 and PABPC1 as potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of OA.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo
13.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0311922, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629419

RESUMO

The banning of colistin as a feed additive for food-producing animals in mainland China in 2017 caused the decline in the prevalence of Escherichia coli-mobilized colistin resistance (mcr-1) in China. Salmonella Typhimurium and its monophasic 1,4,[5],12:i:- variants are also the main species associated with the spread of mcr-1; however, the evidence of the prevalence and transmission of mcr-1 among Salmonella is lacking. Herein, the 5,354 Salmonella isolates recovered from fecal samples of diarrheal patients in Guangdong, Southern China, from 2009 to 2019 were screened for colistin resistance and mcr-1, and mcr-1-positive isolates were characterized based on whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data. Relatively high prevalence rates of colistin resistance and mcr-1 (4.05%/4.50%) were identified, and more importantly, the prevalence trends of colistin-resistant and mcr-1-positive Salmonella isolates had a similar dynamic profile, i.e., both were first detected in 2012 and rapidly increased during 2013 to 2016, followed by a sharp decrease since 2017. WGS and phylogenetic analysis indicate that, whether before or after the ban, the persistence and cross-hospital transmission of mcr-1 are primarily determined by IncHI2 plasmids with similar backbones and sequence type 34 (ST34) Salmonella in specific clades that are associated with a high prevalence of IncHI2 plasmids and clinically important antimicrobial resistance genes, including blaCTX-M-14-fosA3-oqxAB-floR genotypes. Our work reveals the difference in the prevalence rate of mcr-1 in clinical Salmonella before and after the Chinese colistin ban, whereas mcr-1 transmission was closely linked to multidrug-resistant IncHI2 plasmid and ST34 Salmonella across diverse hospitals over 10 years. Continued surveillance is required to explore the factors related to a sharp decrease in mcr-1 after the recent ban and determine whether the ban has affected the carriage of mcr-1 in Salmonella circulating in the health care system. IMPORTANCE Colistin is one of the last-line antibiotics for the clinical treatment of Enterobacteriaceae. However, the emergence of the mobilized colistin resistance (mcr-1) gene has spread throughout the entire human health system and largely threatens the usage of colistin in the clinical setting. In this study, we investigated the existence of mcr-1 in clinical Salmonella from a 10-year continuous surveillance and genomic study. Overall, the colistin resistance rate and mcr-1 carriage of Salmonella in tertiary hospitals in Guangdong (2009 to 2019) were relatively high and, importantly, rapidly increased from 2013 to 2016 and significantly decreased after the Chinese colistin withdrawal. However, before or after the ban, the MDR IncHI2 plasmid with a similar backbone and ST34 Salmonella were the main vectors involved in the spread of mcr-1. Interestingly, these Chinese mcr-1-carrying Salmonella obtain phylogenetically and phylogeographically distinct patterns compared with those from other continents and are frequently associated with clinically important ARGs including the extended-spectrum ß-lactamases. Our data confirmed that the national stewardship intervention seems to be successful in blocking antibiotic resistance determinants and that continued surveillance of colistin resistance in clinical settings, farm animals, and related products is necessary.

14.
J Inflamm Res ; 16: 161-168, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660377

RESUMO

Sepsis is a common and fatal disease, especially in critically ill patients. Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a diffuse brain dysfunction with acute altered consciousness, permanent cognitive impairment, and even coma, accompanied by sepsis, without direct central nervous system infection. When managing SAE, early identification and quantification of axonal damage facilitate faster and more accurate diagnosis and prognosis. Although no specific markers for SAE have been identified, several biomarkers have been proposed. Neurofilament light chain (NFL) is a highly expressed cytoskeletal component of neurofilament (NF) proteins that can be found in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after exposure to axonal injury. NFs can be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for sepsis-related brain injury. Phosphorylation of NFs contributes to the maturation and stabilization of cytoskeletal structures, especially axons, and facilitates axonal transport, including mitochondrial transport and energy transport. The stability of NF proteins can be assessed by monitoring the expression of NF genes. Furthermore, phosphorylation levels of NFs can be monitored to determine mitochondrial axonal transport associated with cellular energy metabolism at distal axons to assess progression during SAE treatment. This paper provides new insights into the biological characteristics, detection techniques, and scientific achievements of NFs, and discusses the underlying mechanisms and future research directions of NFs in SAE.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 868: 161505, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626997

RESUMO

The antibiotic resistances in bacteria are believed to rapidly evolve over time in the anthropogenic environments which enriched with selection pressures. However, the knowledge regarding the development of antibiotic resistance in wildlife and their habitats is scarce. It is, therefore, of great interest and significance to unveil the yet-unknown antibiotic resistances in wildlife in accordance with One Health concept. To this end, we analyzed the samples taken from wildlife and surrounding environments using a functional metagenomics approach. By functional screening in combination with Illumina sequencing, a total of 32 candidate genes which encoding putative novel ß-lactamase were identified. These putative ß-lactamase were taxonomically assigned into bacteria of 23 genera from 7 phyla, where Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were dominant. The following functional assessment demonstrated that 4 novel ß-lactamases, namely blaSSA, blaSSB1, blaSSB2 and blaSSD, were functionally active to confer the phenotypical resistance to bacteria by increasing MICs up to 128-fold. Further analysis indicated that the novel ß-lactamases identified in the current study were able to hydrolyze a broad spectrum of ß-lactams including cephalosporins, and they were genetically unique comparing with known ß-lactamases. The plausible transmission of some novel ß-lactamase genes was supported by our results as the same gene was detected in different samples from different sites. This study shed the light on the active role of wildlife and associated environments as natural reservoirs of novel ß-lactamases, implying that the antibiotic resistances might evolve in absence of selection pressure and threaten public health once spread into clinically important pathogens.

16.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 34(1): 53-61, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-level viremia is usually defined as a detectable but lower than 2000 IU/mL hepatitis B virus DNA level after 12 months or longer duration of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients. In this study, we aimed to clarify the factors associated with lowlevel viremia in patients during long-term monotherapy with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or entecavir. METHODS: Chronic hepatitis B patients having received entecavir or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate treatment for 12 months or more were enrolled from October 2019 to October 2021 at a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. In accordance with their hepatitis B virus DNA levels, chronic hepatitis B patients were grouped into 3 categories, hepatitis B virus DNA > 2000 IU/mL, low-level viremia, and complete virological response (hepatitis B virus DNA < 10 IU/mL). Compared with complete virological response patients, factors related to lowlevel viremia were evaluated. RESULTS: This study enrolled a total of 160 chronic hepatitis B patients, whose duration of treatment ranged from 12 to 144 months. In total, 107 patients achieved complete virological response, 51 showed low-level viremia, and 2 showed hepatitis B virus DNA > 2000 IU/mL. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, hepatitis e antigen-positivity (odds ratio = 6.479, 95% CI: 2.480-16.922, P = .000), entecavir treatment (odds ratio = 4.742, 95% CI: 1.855-12.118, P = .001), and duration of therapy (odds ratio = 0.168, 95% CI: 0.072-0.388, P = .000) were independently associated with low-level viremia. CONCLUSION: Having received long-term antiviral treatment, low-level viremia still occurred in 31.9% of patients. Longer duration of therapy was a protective factor, and HBeAg-positivity and entecavir treatment were risk factors for low-level viremia.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Humanos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Prevalência , Viremia/tratamento farmacológico , Viremia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , China/epidemiologia , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , DNA Viral
17.
Heliyon ; 9(1): e12662, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691523

RESUMO

Background: Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure (LAAC) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with the reversed chicken-wing (RCW) LAA is challenging. Aims: To elucidate the LAAC strategy of the RCW-LAA. Methods: A total of 802 AF patients who were enrolled in the LAACablation registry for LAAC procedure were included, 55 of whom presented with the RCW-LAA. The WATCHMAN device was implanted using the standard protocol when the sheath depth was no less than the device depth (the simple group). For those with a sheath depth of less than the device depth (the complex group), device deployment was attempted with acceptable protrusion or after a repeated atrial transseptal puncture (re-ATP) at a more inferior and anterior position. The anatomical and procedural features were compared between groups and before and after the re-ATP. Results: The success rate of LAAC was significantly lower in patients with the RCW-LAA than with the other morphologies (92.7% vs. 98.8%, p = 0.001). Compared with the simple group, the complex group had shorter root depth and shorter neck length, and more LAAs in the complex group were at lower position (all p < 0.05). The sheath depth after the re-ATP was significantly greater than that before the re-ATP (18.8 ± 3.4 mm vs. 14.7 ± 2.6 mm, p < 0.001). For the patients who underwent re-ATP, the sheath went significantly deeper in successful procedures than in aborted procedures (19.7 ± 3.3 mm vs. 15.8 ± 1.8 mm, p = 0.040). Conclusions: The anatomical features of the RCW-LAA were related to the complexity of the LAAC procedure. The re-ATP at an inferior and anterior location could increase the success rate of LAAC. ClinicalTrialsgov: NCT03788941.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691958

RESUMO

Multiple charge separation has been successfully realized via a proton-coupled electron transfer reaction in an organic cocrystal. Benefiting from the adjustable electronic energy level of the electron donor and acceptor via thermal-induced proton migration, distinct optical absorption behaviors combined with color evolvements to blue or green are observed in these charge separation states. It is of interest to note that such charge separation states exhibit a longer lifetime of over a month due to the excellent coplanarity and π-π interaction of the electron acceptors. Moreover, the enhanced absorption toward longer wavelengths endows the charge separation state with near-infrared (808 nm) photothermal conversion for imaging and bacterial inhibition, of which the conversion performance can be controlled by the degree of proton migration.

19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 224: 115080, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646015

RESUMO

Early and accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can significantly reduce patient mortality. A variety of miRNAs are found to dysregulate in AMI patients, but the up- or down-regulation of a specific miRNA may not be evident in the early stage, making it difficult to achieve accurate diagnosis. Here, proposing the design that DNA photonic wire (PW) with no spectral crosstalk would make an excellent template for miRNA conjoint analysis, we report the construction of a miRNA addition probe for the additive analysis of two up-regulated miRNAs (miR-133a and miR-208a) for early diagnosis of AMI in clinical serum samples. A three-dye non-crosstalk DNA PW is built to form the two-step fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) cascade system, in which three paths can blocking the FRET cascade for separate or additive analysis of the two miRNAs. K-Means clustering algorithm is further utilized to classify the output signals of the miRNA addition probe, achieving a 100% accurate diagnosis of early AMI in both the training (n = 40) and validation (n = 19) cohorts of clinical serum samples.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA
20.
Toxics ; 11(1)2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36668806

RESUMO

Air pollutants from the incomplete combustion of rural solid fuels are seriously harmful to both air quality and human health. To quantify the health effects of different fuel-stove combinations, gas and particle partitioning of twenty-nine species of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emitted from seven fuel-stove combinations were examined in this study, and the benzo (a) pyrene toxicity equivalent (BaPeq) and cancer risks were estimated accordingly. The results showed that the gas phase PAHs (accounting for 68-78% of the total PAHs) had higher emission factors (EFs) than particulate ones. For all combustion combinations, pPAHs accounted for the highest proportion (84.5% to 99.3%) in both the gas and particulate phases, followed by aPAHs (0.63-14.7%), while the proportions of nPAHs and oPAHs were much lower (2-4 orders of magnitude) than pPAHs. For BaPeq, particulate phase PAHs dominated the BaPeq rather than gas ones, which may be due to the greater abundance of 5-ring particle PAHs. Gas and particle pPAHs were both predominant in the BaPeq, with proportions of 95.2-98.6% for all combustion combinations. Cancer risk results showed a descending order of bituminous coal combustion (0.003-0.05), biomass burning (0.002-0.01), and clean briquette coal combustion (10-5-0.001), indicating that local residents caused a severe health threat by solid fuel combustion (the threshold: 10-4). The results also highlighted that clean briquette coal could reduce cancer risks by 1-2 orders of magnitude compared to bulk coal and biomass. For oPAH, BcdPQ (6H-benzo(c,d)pyrene-6-one) had the highest cancer risk, ranging from 4.83 × 10-5 to 2.45 × 10-4, which were even higher than the total of aPAHs and nPAHs. The dramatically high toxicity and cancer risk of PAHs from solid fuel combustion strengthened the necessity and urgency of clean heating innovation in Guanzhong Plain and in similar places.

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