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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173285, 2024 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772488

RESUMO

Dietary pollution of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) poses a great threat to global food safety, which can result in serious hepatic injuries. Following the widespread use of plastic tableware, co-exposure to microplastics and AFB1 has dramatically increased. However, whether microplastics could exert synergistic effects with AFB1 and amplify its hepatotoxicity, and the underlying mechanisms are still unelucidated. Here, mice were orally exposed to 100 nm polystyrene nanoplastics (NPs) and AFB1 to investigate the influences of NPs on AFB1-induced hepatic injuries. We found that exposure to only NPs or AFB1 resulted in colonic inflammation and the impairment of the intestinal barrier, which was exacerbated by combined exposure to NPs and AFB1. Meanwhile, co-exposure to NPs exacerbated AFB1-induced dysbiosis of gut microbiota and remodeling of the fecal metabolome. Moreover, NPs and AFB1 co-exposure exhibited higher levels of systemic inflammatory factors compared to AFB1 exposure. Additionally, NPs co-exposure further exacerbated AFB1-induced hepatic fibrosis and inflammation, which could be associated with the overactivation of the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway. Notably, Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that the exacerbation of NPs co-exposure was closely associated with microbial dysbiosis. Furthermore, microbiota from NPs-exposed mice (NPsFMT) partly reproduced the exacerbation of NPs on AFB1-induced systemic and hepatic inflammation, but not fibrosis. In summary, our findings indicate that gut microbiota could be involved in the exacerbation of NPs on AFB1-induced hepatic injuries, highlighting the health risks of NPs.

2.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731488

RESUMO

This study synthesized a novel oat ß-glucan (OBG)-Cr(III) complex (OBG-Cr(III)) and explored its structure, inhibitory effects on α-amylase and α-glucosidase, and hypoglycemic activities and mechanism in vitro using an insulin-resistant HepG2 (IR-HepG2) cell model. The Cr(III) content in the complex was found to be 10.87%. The molecular weight of OBG-Cr(III) was determined to be 7.736 × 104 Da with chromium ions binding to the hydroxyl groups of OBG. This binding resulted in the increased asymmetry and altered spatial conformation of the complex along with significant changes in morphology and crystallinity. Our findings demonstrated that OBG-Cr(III) exhibited inhibitory effects on α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Furthermore, OBG-Cr(III) enhanced the insulin sensitivity of IR-HepG2 cells, promoting glucose uptake and metabolism more efficiently than OBG alone. The underlying mechanism of its hypoglycemic effect involved the modulation of the c-Cbl/PI3K/AKT/GLUT4 signaling pathway, as revealed by Western blot analysis. This research not only broadened the applications of OBG but also positioned OBG-Cr(III) as a promising Cr(III) supplement with enhanced hypoglycemic benefits.


Assuntos
Cromo , Hipoglicemiantes , alfa-Glucosidases , beta-Glucanas , Humanos , Cromo/química , Cromo/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/síntese química , beta-Glucanas/química , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Glucose/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/metabolismo , Avena/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 933: 173032, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734099

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is frequently observed in fibrosis and diseases related to iron metabolism disorders in various mammalian organs. However, research regarding the damage mechanism of ferroptosis in the female reproductive system of avian species remains unclear. In this study, Muscovy female ducks were divided into three groups which were given purified water, 1 mg/L polyvinyl chloride microplastics (PVC-MPs) and 10 mg/L PVC-MPs for two months respectively, to investigate the ferroptosis induced by PVC-MPs caused ovarian tissue fibrosis that lead to premature ovarian failure. The results showed that the high accumulation of PVC-MPs in ovarian tissue affected the morphology and functional activity of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) and subsequently caused the follicular development disorders and down-regulated the immunosignaling of ovarian steroidogenesis proteins 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD), 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17ß-HSD), CYP11A1 cytochrome (P450-11A1) and CYP17A1 cytochrome (P450-17A1) suggested impaired ovarian function. In addition, PVC-MPs significantly up-regulated positive expression of collagen fibers, significantly increased lipid peroxidation and malondialdehyde (MDA) level, along with encouraged overload of iron contents in the ovarian tissue were the characteristics of ferroptosis. Further, immunohistochemistry results confirmed that immunosignaling of ferroptosis related proteins Acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL4), Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) and ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1) were significantly increased, but solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX4) were decreased by PVC-MPs in the ovarian tissue. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that PVC-MPs induced ferroptosis in the ovarian GCs, leading to follicle development disorders and ovarian tissue fibrosis, and ultimately contributing to various female reproductive disorders through regulating the proteins expression of ferroptosis.

5.
mSystems ; : e0116423, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747582

RESUMO

Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:-, a monophasic variant of Salmonella Typhimurium, has emerged as a global cause of multidrug-resistant salmonellosis and has become endemic in many developing and developed countries, especially in China. Here, we have sequenced 352 clinical isolates in Guangdong, China, during 2009-2019 and performed a large-scale collection of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- with whole genome sequencing (WGS) data across the globe, to better understand the population structure, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genomic characterization, and transmission routes of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- across Guangdong. Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- strains showed broad genetic diversity; Guangdong isolates were found to be widely distributed among the global lineages. Of note, we identified the formation of a novel Guangdong clade (Bayesian analysis of population structure lineage 1 [BAPS1]) genetically diversified from the global isolates and likely emerged around 1990s. BAPS1 exhibits unique genomic features, including large pan-genome, decreased ciprofloxacin susceptibility due to mutation in gyrA and carriage of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes, and the multidrug-resistant IncHI2 plasmid. Furthermore, high genetic similarity was found between strains collected from Guangdong, Europe, and North America, indicating the association with multiple introductions from overseas. These results suggested that global dissemination and local clonal expansion simultaneously occurred in Guangdong, China, and horizontally acquired resistance to first-line and last-line antimicrobials at local level, underlying emergences of extensive drug and pan-drug resistance. Our findings have increased the knowledge of global and local epidemics of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- in Guangdong, China, and provided a comprehensive baseline data set essential for future molecular surveillance.IMPORTANCESalmonella 4,[5],12:i:- has been regarded as the predominant pandemic serotype causing diarrheal diseases globally, while multidrug resistance (MDR) constitutes great public health concerns. This study provided a detailed and comprehensive genome-scale analysis of this important Salmonella serovar in the past decade in Guangdong, China. Our results revealed the complexity of two distinct transmission modes, namely global transmission and local expansion, circulating in Guangdong over a decade. Using phylogeography models, the origin of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- was predicted from two aspects, year and country, that is, Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- emerged in 1983, and was introduced from the UK, and subsequently differentiated into the local endemic lineage circa 1991. Additionally, based on the pan-genome analysis, it was found that the gene accumulation rate in local endemic BAPS 1 lineage was higher than in other lineages, and the horizontal transmission of MDR IncHI2 plasmid associated with high resistance played a major role, which showed the potential threat to public health.

6.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1395047, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694500

RESUMO

The emergence of resistance to prostate cancer (PCa) treatment, particularly to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), has posed a significant challenge in the field of PCa management. Among the therapeutic options for PCa, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy are commonly used modalities. However, these therapeutic approaches, while inducing apoptosis in tumor cells, may also trigger stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS). Cellular senescence, an entropy-driven transition from an ordered to a disordered state, ultimately leading to cell growth arrest, exhibits a dual role in PCa treatment. On one hand, senescent tumor cells may withdraw from the cell cycle, thereby reducing tumor growth rate and exerting a positive effect on treatment. On the other hand, senescent tumor cells may secrete a plethora of cytokines, growth factors and proteases that can affect neighboring tumor cells, thereby exerting a negative impact on treatment. This review explores how radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy trigger SIPS and the nuanced impact of senescent tumor cells on PCa treatment. Additionally, we aim to identify novel therapeutic strategies to overcome resistance in PCa treatment, thereby enhancing patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Animais
8.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1344786, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783938

RESUMO

Introduction: Glycopyrrolate is commonly researched as a preoperative medication or in conjunction with cholinesterase inhibitors to counteract the lingering muscarinic effects of non-depolarizing muscarinic agents. However, studies have yielded inconsistent results regarding the superiority of glycopyrrolate over other anti-cholinergic drugs, such as atropine, particularly its effect on heart rate, blood pressure (BP), and glandular secretions. This study aimed to evaluate the differences in perioperative oral secretions, hemodynamics, and recovery quality with glycopyrrolate versus those with atropine before anesthesia induction in children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Methods: In this prospective, single-center, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, a total of 103 children were randomly assigned to group A (n = 51, glycopyrrolate 0.005 mg/kg) or B (n = 52, atropine 0.01 mg/kg). The follow-up anesthetic induction and maintenance protocols were the same in both groups. Vital signs, duration of surgery, extubation time, degree of wetness around the vocal cords during tracheal intubation, weight of oral secretions, and perioperative complications were recorded. Results: No significant differences were observed in the degree of wetness around the vocal cords during tracheal intubation, as well as in the weight of oral secretions, duration of surgery, or extubation time, between the two groups. The intraoperative and postoperative heart rates were lower in group A than in group B (110.18 ± 10.58 vs. 114.94 ± 11.14, p = 0.028; 96.96 ± 10.81 vs. 103.38 ± 10.09, p = 0.002). The differences observed in the intraoperative and preoperative heart rates were lower in group A than in group B (23.84 ± 9.62 vs. 29.65 ± 8.75, p = 0.002). The differences observed in the postoperative and preoperative heart rates were lower in group A than in group B (10.63 ± 9.97 vs. 18.09 ± 9.39, p = 0.000). Conclusion: Glycopyrrolate showed a smoother change in heart rate than atropine during and after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, with no effect on BP or recovery quality, and did not increase oral secretions. The findings indicate that glycopyrrolate can serve as an alternative to atropine to prevent secretions in anesthesia induction for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children. Trial registration: This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (Registration Number: ChiCTR2200063578; Date of Registration: 12/09/2022).

9.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787319

RESUMO

HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the prevalent form of HCC, with HBx protein being a crucial oncoprotein. Numerous members of the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor (PTPN) family have been confirmed to be significantly associated with the occurrence and progression of malignant tumors. Our group has previously identified the involvement of PTPN13 in HCC. However, the roles of other PTPNs in HCC still requires further investigation. In this study, we found PTPN18 expression was significantly downregulated within HCC tissues compared to that in adjacent non-tumor tissues and normal liver tissues. Functionally, PTPN18 exerted inhibitory effects on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and sphere-forming capability of HCC cells, while concurrently promoting apoptotic processes. Through phospho-protein microarray screening followed by subsequent validation experiments, we identified that PTPN18 could activate the p53 signaling pathway and suppress the AKT/FOXO1 signaling cascade in HCC cells. Moreover, we found that the HBx protein mediated the repression of PTPN18 expression by upregulating miR-128-3p. Collectively, our study unveiled the role of PTPN18 as a tumor suppressor in HBV-related HCC. Implications: Our findings revealed PTPN18 might serve as a potential diagnostic and therapeutic target for HBV-related HCC.

10.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739220

RESUMO

To evaluate the fatty acid (FA) metabolism status and possibility as a DHA source of farmed Onychostoma macrolepis, a total of 168 fish (2.03 ± 0.23 g) were fed four diets supplemented with fish oil (FO), linseed oil (LO), soybean oil (SO), and a mixture of LO and SO oil (MO), respectively, for 70 days. Body FA compositions were modified reflecting dietary FAs. Comparing liver and intestine fatty acids with fish fed four diets, the content of ARA in fish fed SO was significantly higher than others (P < 0.05), but showed no difference in muscle. The tissue FA profile showed that the FO-fed group successfully deposited DHA, while the LO-fed group converted ALA to DHA effectively, as well as the liver and intestine EPA was notably highest in the FO group, whereas no difference between the FO and LO group in the muscle. The FA results showed that the DHA contents in the muscle of Onychostoma macrolepis are at a medium-high level compared with several other fish species with the highest aquaculture yield. Correspondingly, in the fish fed diet with LO, SO, and MO, the genes of most FA biosynthesis, transportation, and transcriptional regulation factors were increased in the liver and muscle, but no significant difference was observed in the gene expression of Elovl4b, FATP1, and FABP10 in the muscle. In addition, the enzyme activity involved in PUFA metabolism was higher in fish fed vegetable oil-based diets, corroborating the results of the gene expression. Increased in vivo elongase and desaturase (Δ5, Δ6, and Δ9) activities were recorded in fish fed fish oil-devoid diets, which resulted in the appearance of products associated with elongase and desaturase activities in fish. Besides, as the specific n-3 PUFA synthesis substrate, the dietary supplementation of ALA not only retains most of the nutrition value but also ensures the muscular texture, such as fiber diameter and density. It is concluded that farmed O. macrolepis owns strong n-3 LC-PUFA biosynthetic capacity and high DHA contents so it can be a good DHA source for the population.

11.
Accid Anal Prev ; 202: 107602, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701561

RESUMO

The modeling of distracted driving behavior has been studied for many years, however, there remain many distraction phenomena that can not be fully modeled. This study proposes a new method that establishes the model using the queuing network model human processor (QN-MHP) framework. Unlike previous models that only consider distracted-driving-related human factors from a mathematical perspective, the proposed method reflects the information processing in the human brain, and simulates the distracted driver's cognitive processes based on a model structure supported by physiological and cognitive research evidence. Firstly, a cumulative activation effect model for external stimuli is adopted to mimic the phenomenon that a driver responds only to stimuli above a certain threshold. Then, dual-task queuing and switching mechanisms are modeled to reflect the cognitive resource allocation under distraction. Finally, the driver's action is modeled by the Intelligent Driver Model (IDM). The model is developed for visual distraction auditory distraction separately. 773 distracted car-following events from the Shanghai Naturalistic Driving Study data were used to calibrate and verify the model. Results show that the model parameters are more uniform and reasonable. Meanwhile, the model accuracy has improved by 57% and 66% compared to the two baseline models respectively. Moreover, the model demonstrates its ability to generate critical pre-crash scenarios and estimate the crash rate of distracted driving. The proposed model is expected to contribute to safety research regarding new vehicle technologies and traffic safety analysis.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Cognição , Direção Distraída , Humanos , Direção Distraída/psicologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Atenção , China , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Modelos Teóricos , Modelos Psicológicos
12.
Biomacromolecules ; 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780026

RESUMO

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), a prevalent complication of diabetes mellitus, may result in an amputation. Natural and renewable hydrogels are desirable materials for DFU dressings due to their outstanding biosafety and degradability. However, most hydrogels are usually only used for wound repair and cannot be employed to monitor motion because of their inherent poor mechanical properties and electrical conductivity. Given that proper wound stretching is beneficial for wound healing, the development of natural hydrogel patches integrated with wound repair properties and motion monitoring was expected to achieve efficient and accurate wound healing. Here, we designed a dual-network (chitosan and sodium alginate) hydrogel embedded with lignin-Ag and quercetin-melanin nanoparticles to achieve efficient wound healing and motion monitoring. The double network formed by the covalent bond and electrostatic interaction confers the hydrogel with superior mechanical properties. Instead of the usual chemical reagents, genipin extracted from Gardenia was used as a cross-linking agent for the hydrogel and consequently improved its biosafety. Furthermore, the incorporation of lignin-Ag nanoparticles greatly enhanced the mechanical strength, antibacterial efficacy, and conductivity of the hydrogel. The electrical conductivity of hydrogels gives them the capability of motion monitoring. The motion sensing mechanism is that stretching of the hydrogel induced by motion changes the conductivity of the hydrogel, thus converting the motion into an electrical signal. Meanwhile, quercetin-melanin nanoparticles confer exceptional adhesion, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties to the hydrogels. The system ultimately achieved excellent wound repair and motion monitoring performance and was expected to be used for stretch-assisted safe and accurate wound repair in the future.

13.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 18: 1673-1694, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779590

RESUMO

Pristimerin, a natural triterpenoid isolated from the plants of southern snake vine and Maidenwood in the family Weseraceae, is anti-inflammatory, insecticidal, antibacterial, and antiviral substance and has been used for its cardioprotective and antitumor effects and in osteoporosis treatment. These qualities explain Pristimerin's therapeutic effects on different types of tumors and other diseases. More and more studies have shown that pristimerin acts in a wide range of biological activities and has shown great potential in various fields of modern and Chinese medicine. While Pristimerin's wide range of pharmacological effects have been widely studied by others, our comprehensive review suggests that its mechanism of action may be through affecting fundamental cellular events, including blocking the cell cycle, inducing apoptosis and autophagy, and inhibiting cell migration and invasion, or through activating or inhibiting certain key molecules in several cell signaling pathways, including nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian-targeted macromycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK1/2/3), reactive oxygen species (ROS), wingless/integrin1 (Wnt)/ß-catenin, and other signaling pathways. This paper reviews the research progress of Pristimerin's pharmacological mechanism of action in recent years to provide a theoretical basis for the molecular targeting therapy and further development and utilization of Pristimerin. It also provides insights into improved treatments and therapies for clinical patients and the need to explore pristimerin as a potential facet of treatment.


Assuntos
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Humanos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(16): 2281-2284, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690016

RESUMO

The following are our views regarding the "letter to the editor" (Helicobacter is preserved in yeast vacuoles! Does Koch's postulates confirm it?) by Alipour and Gaeini, and the response "letter to the editor" (Candida accommodates non-culturable Helicobacter pylori in its vacuole-Koch's postulates aren't applicable) by Siavoshi and Saniee. Alipour and Gaeini rejected the methods, results, discussion, and conclusions summarized in a review article by Siavoshi and Saniee. The present article reviews and discusses evidence on the evolutionary adaptation of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) to thrive in Candida cell vacuoles and concludes that Candida could act as a Trojan horse, transporting potentially infectious H. pylori into the stomach of humans.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Humanos , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Candida/fisiologia , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/patogenicidade , Vacúolos/microbiologia , Vacúolos/metabolismo , Estômago/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia
15.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30646, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765119

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths because of the lack of early specific clinical indicators. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have become the focus in lung cancer diagnosis. Further studies are required to explore miRNA expression in the serum of lung adenocarcinoma patients and their correlation with therapy and analyse specific messenger RNA targets to improve the specificity and sensitivity of early diagnosis. Methods: The Toray 3D-Gene miRNA array was used to compare the expression levels of various miRNAs in the sera of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and healthy volunteers. Highly expressed miRNAs were selected for further analysis. To verify the screening results, serum and pleural fluid samples were analysed using qRT-PCR. Serum levels of the miRNAs and their correlation with the clinical information of patients with lung adenocarcinoma were analysed. The functions of miRNAs were further analysed using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes and Gene Ontology databases. Results: Microarray analysis identified 60 and 50 miRNAs with upregulated and downregulated expressions, respectively, in the serum of patients with lung adenocarcinoma compared to those in healthy individuals. Using qRT-qPCR to detection of miRNAs expression in the serum or pleural effusion of patients with early and advanced lung adenocarcinoma, we found that miR-4433a-3p could be used as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic evaluation indicator for lung adenocarcinoma. Serum of miR-4433a-3p levels significantly correlated with the clinical stage. miR-4433a-3p may be more suitable than other tumour markers for the early diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects in lung adenocarcinoma. miR-4433a-3p may affect tumour growth and metastasis by acting on target genes (PIK3CD, UBE2J2, ICMT, PRDM16 and others) and regulating tumour-related signalling pathways (MAPK signal pathway, Ras signalling pathway and others). Conclusion: miR-4433a-3p may serve as a biomarker for the early diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma and monitoring of therapeutic effects.

16.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0297878, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explores the age effects of the sport education model(SEM) on the impact of basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness) and intrinsic motivation (interest, enjoyment, satisfaction) among adolescent students. METHOD: Retrieval of relevant literature from PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The search period ranged from the starting year to January 7, 2024. Subsequently, literature screening, data extraction, and quality assessment will be conducted, and data analysis will be performed using "Review Manager 5.4" software. RESULT: Overall, SEM has a positive and statistically significant impact on the basic psychological needs (MD = 0.36,95% CI [0.22, 0.50]) and intrinsic motivation (MD = 0.75, 95% CI [0.58, 0.93]) of adolescent students (P<0.01). Subgroup analysis revealed age effects on the impact of SEM on the basic psychological needs of adolescent students: pre-peak height velocity (PRE-PHV) (MD = 0.39, 95% CI [0.23, 0.56], I2 = 45%, P<0.01), mid-peak height velocity (MID-PHV) (MD = 0.22, 95% CI [0.01, 0.42], I2 = 82%, P<0.05), post-peak height velocity (POST-PHV) (MD = 1.27, 95% CI [0.79, 1.74], I2 = 0%, P<0.01). Similarly, age effects were found for intrinsic motivation: MID-PHV (MD = 0.86, 95% CI [0.62, 1.11], I2 = 68%, P<0.01), POST-PHV (MD = 0.56, 95% CI [0.40, 0.72], I2 = 0%, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The SEM is an effective approach to enhancing the basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation of adolescent students. However, it exhibits age effects among students at different developmental stages. Specifically, in terms of enhancing basic psychological needs, the model has the greatest impact on POST-PHV students, followed by PRE-PHV students, while the improvement effect is relatively lower for MID-PHV students. The enhancement effect on intrinsic motivation diminishes with increasing age.


Assuntos
Motivação , Esportes , Estudantes , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudantes/psicologia , Esportes/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Masculino , Feminino
17.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 212: 108727, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761548

RESUMO

Phosphatidylserine (PS) is an important lipid signaling required for plant growth regulation and salt stress adaptation. However, how PS positively regulate plant salt tolerance is still largely unknown. In this study, IbPSS1-overexpressed sweetpotato plants that exhibited overproduction of PS was employed to explore the mechanisms underlying the PS stimulation of plant salt tolerance. The results revealed that the IbPSS1-overexpressed sweetpotato accumulated less Na+ in the stem and leaf tissues compared with the wild type plants. Proteomic profile of roots showed that lignin synthesis-related proteins over-accumulated in IbPSS1-overexpressed sweetpotato. Correspondingly, the lignin content was enhanced but the influx of Na + into the stele was significantly blocked in IbPSS1-overexpressed sweetpotato. The results further revealed that ethylene synthesis and signaling related genes were upregulated in IbPSS1-overexpressed sweetpotato. Ethylene imaging experiment revealed the enhancement of ethylene mainly localized in the root stele. Inhibition of ethylene synthesis completely reversed the PS-overproduction induced lignin synthesis and Na+ influx pattern in stele tissues. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a mechanism by which PS regulates ethylene signaling and lignin synthesis in the root stele, thus helping sweetpotato plants to block the loading of Na+ into the xylem and to minimize the accumulation of Na+ in the shoots.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 930: 172672, 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663628

RESUMO

Nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) are important nitrogen organics in aerosol with strong light-absorbing and chemically reactive properties. In this study, NACs in six Chinese megacities, including Harbin (HB), Beijing (BJ), Xi'an (XA), Wuhan (WH), Chengdu (CD), and Guangzhou (GZ), were investigated for understanding their sources, gas-particle partitioning, and impact on BrC absorption properties. The concentrations of ΣNACs in PM2.5 in the six cities ranged from 9.15 to 158.8 ng/m3 in winter and from 2.02 to 9.39 ng/m3 in summer. Nitro catechols (NCs), nitro phenols (NPs), and nitro salicylic acids (NSAs) are the main components in ΣNACs, with NCs being dominant in particulate phase and NPs being dominant in the gas phase. Correlation analysis between different pollutant species revealed that coal and biomass combustions were the major sources of NACs in the northern cities during wintertime, while secondary formation dominated NACs in the southern cities during summertime. The contribution of ΣNACs to brown carbon (BrC) light absorption ranged from 0.85 to 7.98 % during the wintertime and 2.07-6.44 % during the summertime. The mass absorption efficiency at 365 nm (MAE365) were highest for 4-nitrocatechol (4NC, 17.4-89.0 m2/g), 4-methyl-5-nitrocatechol (4M5NC, 15.0-76.9 m2/g), and 4-nitroguaiacol (4NG, 11.7-59.8 m2/g). The formation of NCs and NG through oxidation and nitration of catechol and guaiacol led to a significant increase in aerosol light absorption. In contrast, NPs and NSAs formed by the photonitration and photooxidation in liquid phase showed high polarity but low light absorption ability, and the proportions of (NPs + NSAs) in the light absorption of ΣNACs were lower than 15.3 % in the six megacities.

20.
Chemosphere ; 358: 142086, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670510

RESUMO

Furan is generated in a wide array of heat-treated foods through thermal degradation, leading to severe impairments in the male reproductive system. The main objective of this study was to investigate the potential of pomegranate peel extract (PGPE) in mitigating testicular dysfunctions induced by furan. Male rats were categorized into four groups: control/untreated, PGPE, furan, and PGPE + furan group. The study results revealed that furan-treated rats exhibited significantly elevated aminotransferase and phosphatase activity, and also generated increased oxidative stress, and reduced antioxidative stress protein activity. Additionally, protein content levels (ALT, AST, ALP, and ACP) and activities of steroidogenic Leydig cell hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD and 17ß-HSD) enzymes were significantly decreased. Significant variations in testicular parameters, apoptotic genes (Bcl-2, P53, and Caspase3), inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL1ß, IL10), male sex hormones follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone, and sperm quality were also observed. Furthermore, testicular histological abnormalities were confirmed by biochemical and molecular modifications. Notably, PGPE pre-treated furan-intoxicated animals exhibited significant improvements in most of the assessed parameters compared to furan-treated groups. In conclusion, PGPE presents essential preventive measures and a novel pharmacological potential therapy against furan-induced testicular injury.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Furanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais , Punica granatum , Testículo , Masculino , Animais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia , Ratos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Punica granatum/química , Furanos/farmacologia , Testosterona/metabolismo , Hormônio Luteinizante , 17-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo
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