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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e37237, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363918

RESUMO

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is one of the most common and severe occupational diseases worldwide. The main risk factor of CWP is exposure to respirable mine dust. Prediction theory was widely applied in the prediction of the epidemic. Here, it was used to identify the characteristics of CWP today and the incidence trends of CWP in the future. Eight thousand nine hundred twenty-eight coal workers from a state-owned coal mine were included during the observation period from 1963 to 2014. In observations, the dust concentration gradually decreased over time, and the incidence of tunnels and mine, transportation, and assistance workers showed an overall downward trend. We choose a better prediction model by comparing the prediction effect of the Auto Regression Integrate Moving Average model and Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity model. Compared with the Auto Regression Integrate Moving Average model, the Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity model has a better prediction effect. Furthermore, the status quo and future trend of coal miners' CWP are still at a high level.


Assuntos
Antracose , Minas de Carvão , Pneumoconiose , Humanos , Antracose/epidemiologia , Poeira/análise , Carvão Mineral , China/epidemiologia , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363797

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) contrast agents are extensively utilized in clinical practice due to their capability of improving the image resolution and sensitivity. However, the clinically approved MRA contrast agents have the disadvantages of a limited acquisition time window and high dose administration for effective imaging. Herein, albumin-coated gadolinium-based nanoparticles (BSA-Gd) were meticulously developed for in vivo ultrahigh-resolution MRA. Compared to Gd-DTPA, BSA-Gd exhibits a significantly higher longitudinal relaxivity (r1 = 76.7 mM-1 s-1), nearly 16-fold greater than that of Gd-DTPA, and an extended blood circulation time (t1/2 = 40 min), enabling a dramatically enhanced high-resolution imaging of microvessels (sub-200 µm) and low dose imaging (about 1/16 that of Gd-DTPA). Furthermore, the clinically significant fine vessels were successfully mapped in large mammals, including a circle of Willis, kidney and liver vascular branches, tumor vessels, and differentiated arteries from veins using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRA BSA-Gd, and have superior imaging capability and biocompatibility, and their clinical applications hold substantial promise.

3.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 84: 105494, 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diffusion basis spectrum imaging (DBSI) extracts multiple anisotropic and isotropic diffusion tensors, providing greater histopathologic specificity than diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Persistent black holes (PBH) represent areas of severe tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS), and a high PBH burden is associated with worse MS disability. This study evaluated the ability of DBSI and DTI to predict which acute contrast-enhancing lesions (CELs) would persist as T1 hypointensities (i.e. PBHs) 12 months later. We expected that a higher radial diffusivity (RD), representing demyelination, and higher DBSI-derived isotropic non-restricted fraction, representing edema and increased extracellular space, of the acute CEL would increase the likelihood of future PBH development. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, relapsing MS patients with ≥1 CEL(s) underwent monthly MRI scans for 4 to 6 months until gadolinium resolution. DBSI and DTI metrics were quantified when the CEL was most conspicuous during the monthly scans. To determine whether the CEL became a PBH, a follow-up MRI was performed at least 12 months after the final monthly scan. RESULTS: The cohort included 20 MS participants (median age 33 years; 13 women) with 164 CELs. Of these, 59 (36 %) CELs evolved into PBHs. At Gd-max, DTI RD and AD of all CELs increased, and both metrics were significantly elevated for CELs which became PBHs, as compared to non-black holes (NBHs). DTI RD above 0.74 conferred an odds ratio (OR) of 7.76 (CI 3.77-15.98) for a CEL becoming a PBH (AUC 0.80, CI 0.73-0.87); DTI axial diffusivity (AD) above 1.22 conferred an OR of 7.32 (CI 3.38-15.86) for becoming a PBH (AUC 0.75, CI 0.66-0.83). DBSI RD and AD did not predict PBH development in a multivariable model. At Gd-max, DBSI restricted fraction decreased and DBSI non-restricted fraction increased in all CELs, and both metrics were significantly different for CELs which became PBHs, as compared to NBHs. A CEL with a DBSI non-restricted fraction above 0.45 had an OR of 4.77 (CI 2.35-9.66) for becoming a PBH (AUC 0.74, CI 0.66-0.81); a CEL with a DBSI restricted fraction below 0.07 had an OR of 9.58 (CI 4.59-20.02) for becoming a PBH (AUC 0.80, 0.72-0.87). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that greater degree of edema/extracellular space in a CEL is a predictor of tissue destruction, as evidenced by PBH evolution.

4.
Amino Acids ; 56(1): 15, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351332

RESUMO

The advance of high-throughput sequencing enhances the discovery of short ORFs embedded in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Here, we uncovered the production and biological activity of lncRNA-hidden polypeptides in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). In the present study, bioinformatics was used to screen the lncRNA-hidden polypeptides in LUAD. Analysis of protein expression was done by western blot or immunofluorescence assay. The functions of the polypeptide were determined by detecting its effects on cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion, and pemetrexed (PEM) sensitivity. The protein interactors of the polypeptide were analyzed by mass spectrometry after Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay. The results showed that the lncRNA LINC00954 was confirmed to encode a novel polypeptide LINC00954-ORF. The polypeptide had tumor-suppressor features in A549 cells by repressing cell growth, motility and invasion. Moreover, the polypeptide enhanced PEM sensitivity and suppressed growth in A549/PEM cells. The protein interactors of this polypeptide had close correlations with RNA processing, amide metabolic process, translation, RNA binding, RNA transport, and DNA replication. As a conclusion, the LINC00954-ORF polypeptide embedded in lncRNA LINC00954 possesses tumor-suppressor features in A549 and PEM-resistant A549 cells and sensitizes PEM-resistant A549 cells to PEM, providing evidence that the LINC00954-ORF polypeptide is a potential anti-cancer agent in LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Pemetrexede/farmacologia , Pemetrexede/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Células A549 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Fenótipo , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
5.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352592

RESUMO

Skin is our outer permeability and immune defense barrier against myriad external assaults. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) senses environmental factors and regulates barrier robustness and immune homeostasis. AhR agonist is in clinical trial for atopic dermatitis (AD) treatment, but the underlying mechanism of action remains ill-defined. Here we report OVOL1/Ovol1 as a conserved and direct transcriptional target of AhR in epidermal keratinocytes. We show that OVOL1/Ovol1 impacts AhR regulation of keratinocyte gene expression, and Ovol1 deletion in keratinocytes hampers AhR's barrier promotion function and worsens AD-like inflammation. Mechanistically, we identify Ovol1's direct downstream targets genome-wide, and provide in vivo evidence for Id1's critical role in barrier maintenance and disease suppression. Furthermore, our findings reveal an IL-1/dermal γδT cell axis exacerbating both type 2 and type 3 immune responses downstream of barrier perturbation in Ovol1 -deficient AD skin. Finally, we present data suggesting the clinical relevance of OVOL1 and ID1 function in human AD. Our study highlights a keratinocyte-intrinsic AhR-Ovol1-Id1 regulatory axis that promotes both epidermal and immune homeostasis against AD-like inflammation, implicating new therapeutic targets for AD.

6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1332346, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322122

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and body composition based on magnetic resonance fat fraction (FF) mapping. Methods: A total of 341 subjects, who underwent abdominal MRI examination with FF mapping were enrolled in this study, including 68 T2DM patients and 273 non-T2DM patients. The FFs and areas of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and abdominal muscle (AM) were measured at the level of the L1-L2 vertebral. The FF of bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) was determined by the averaged FF values measured at the level of T12 and L1 vertebral, respectively. The whole hepatic fat fraction (HFF) and pancreatic fat fraction (PFF) were measured based on 3D semi-automatic segmentation on the FF mapping. All data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism and MedCalc. Results: VAT area, VAT FF, HFF, PFF of T2DM group were higher than those of non-T2DM group after adjusting for age and sex (P < 0.05). However, there was no differences in SAT area, SAT FF, BMAT FF, AM area and AM FF between the two groups (P > 0.05). VAT area and PFF were independent risk factors of T2DM (all P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for VAT area and PFF in differentiating between T2DM and non-T2DM were 0.685 and 0.787, respectively, and the AUC of PFF was higher than VAT area (P < 0.05). Additionally, in seemingly healthy individuals, the SAT area, VAT area, and AM area were found to be significantly associated with being overweight and/or obese (BMI ≥ 25) (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In this study, it was found that there were significant associations between T2DM and VAT area, VAT FF, HFF and PFF. In addition, VAT area and PFF were the independent risk factors of T2DM. Especially, PFF showed a high diagnostic performance in discrimination between T2DM and non-T2DM. These findings may highlight the crucial role of PFF in the pathophysiology of T2DM, and it might be served as a potential imaging biomarker of the prevention and treatment of T2DM. Additionally, in individuals without diabetes, focusing on SAT area, VAT area and AM area may help identify potential health risks and provide a basis for targeted weight management and prevention measures.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/patologia , Composição Corporal , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
7.
Small ; : e2310465, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366001

RESUMO

The modification of metal oxides with noble metals is one of the most effective means of improving gas-sensing performance of chemiresistors, but it is often accompanied by unintended side effects such as sensor resistance increases up to unmeasurable levels. Herein, a carbonization-oxidation method is demonstrated using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique to realize platinum (Pt) single atom (SA) substitutional doping into SnO2 (named PtSA-SnO2 ). The substitutional doping strategy can obviously enhance gas-sensing properties, and meanwhile decrease sensor resistance by two orders of magnitude (decreased from ≈850 to ≈2 MΩ), which are attributed to the tuning of band gap and fermi-level position, efficient single atom catalysis, and the raising of adsorption capability of formaldehyde, as validated by the state-of-the-art characterizations, such as spherical aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (Cs -corrected STEM), in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transformed spectra (in situ DRIFT), CO temperature-programmed reduction (CO-TPR), and theoretical calculations. As a proof of concept, the developed PtSA-SnO2 sensor shows humidity-independent (30-70% relative humidity) gas-sensing performance in the selective detection of formaldehyde with high response, distinguishable selectivity (8< Sformaldehyde /Sinterferant <14), and ultra-low detection limit (10 ppb). This work presents a generalized and facile method to design high-performance metal oxides for chemical sensing of volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

8.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25463, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327406

RESUMO

Background: The prognostic significance of the ratio of activated CD4 T cells to Tregs infiltrating tumor tissues in gastric cancer (GC) remains unknown. Materials and methods: For the quantification of infiltration of immune cells, the ssGSEA algorithm, which is a single sample gene set enrichment analysis, was utilized. Group A was defined as having activated CD4 T cells/Tregs >1, while group B was defined as having activated CD4 T cells/Tregs <1. To compare the overall survival (OS) of the two groups, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was employed. The R package 'limma' was used to identify the immune and metabolism related genes that were expressed differentially between the two groups, with a false discovery rate (FDR) less than 0.05. The risk score (RS) was constructed by combining univariate Cox regression analysis, LASSO penalized Cox regression analysis, and multivariate Cox regression analysis. The median RS was used to classify high-risk (HR) and low-risk (LR) groups. Results: A predicted unfavorable outcome of GC was observed when the ratio of activated CD4 T cells to Tregs was less than 1. Our proposed RS was utilized for prognostic risk categorization in ten distinct independent cohorts (TCGA-STAD, n = 371; GSE84437, n = 433; GSE26253, n = 432; GSE13861, n = 65; GSE15459, n = 192; GSE26899, n = 93; GSE26901, n = 109; GSE28541, n = 40; GSE34942, n = 56; GSE62254, n = 300) and exhibited exceptional precision. In terms of tumor microenvironment (TME) and treatment strategies, compared to the LR group, the HR group was characterized by a higher infiltration levels of stromal cells, Tregs, macrophages, Tfh, mast cells, and NK cells, inclined to activated CD4 T cells/Tregs <1, and exhibited insensitivity to immunotherapy and multiple chemotherapy drugs. In relation to the potential molecular mechanism, the excessive activation of oncogenic pathways such as MAPK, hedgehog, WNT, calcium, and TGF-ß signaling pathways may accelerate the malignant progression of GC by stimulating angiogenesis, promoting EMT, and altering ECM. Conversely, the overactivation of the P53 pathway is likely to inhibit tumor proliferation by regulating the cell cycle. Conclusion: The immune-metabolism signature associated with the ratio of activated CD4 T cells and Tregs could be used to assess prognosis, TME, and treatment strategies in GC patients.

9.
Hum Reprod Open ; 2024(1): hoae005, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371224

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Does a matrix-free culture system supplemented with neurotrophic factor 4 (NT4) improve human in vitro follicular development and meiotic maturation, ultimately resulting in fertilizable oocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: NT4 supplementation of in vitro culture significantly enhances the growth, steroid hormone production, and maturity potential of human secondary follicles derived from fresh ovarian medulla (from post- and pre-pubertal patients), thereby yielding fertilizable oocytes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Reconstituting folliculogenesis in vitro is of paramount importance in the realms of fertility preservation, reproductive biology research, and reproductive toxicity assessments. However, the efficiency of in vitro culture systems remains suboptimal, as the attainment of fertilizable oocytes from in vitro growth (IVG) of human follicles remains unachieved, with the data being particularly scant regarding follicles from prepubertal girls. We have previously found that mouse oocytes from secondary follicles derived from IVG are deficient in neuroendocrine regulation. NT4 and its corresponding receptor have been identified in human follicles. Significantly, the addition of NT4 during the IVG process markedly enhances both follicle growth and oocyte maturation rates in mice. STUDY DESIGN SIZE DURATION: Fresh medulla tissue obtained during tissue preparation for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) were collected from 10 patients aged from 6 to 21 years old, all of whom had undergone unilateral oophorectomy as a means of fertility preservation. Isolated secondary follicles were individually cultured in vitro with or without NT4 in a matrix-free system. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS SETTING METHODS: Secondary follicles, extracted via enzymatic digestion and mechanical disruption from each patient, were randomly allocated to either a control group or an NT4-supplemented group (100 ng/ml), followed by individual culture on an ultra-low attachment plate. Follicle growth and viability were assessed by microscopy. Levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), estradiol, and progesterone in the medium were quantified. An oocyte-specific marker was identified using confocal fluorescence microscopy following DEAD box polypeptide 4 (DDX4) staining. The competence of individual oocytes for maturation and fertilization were assessed after IVM and ICSI with donated sperm samples. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Overall, isolated follicles from both groups survived up to 6 weeks with increasing diameters over the duration (P < 0.05), reaching terminal diameters of almost 1 mm with confirmed steroidogenesis and expression of oocyte marker (DDX4), and producing morphologically normal MII oocytes. When compared with the control group, the NT4 group had a similar initial follicular diameter (206 ± 61.3 vs 184 ± 93.4 µm) but exhibited a significant increase in follicular diameter from the ninth day of culture onwards (P < 0.05). From Week 3, estradiol and progesterone production were significantly increased in the NT4 group, while no significant difference was observed in AMH production between groups. The proportion of 'fast-growth' follicles in the NT4 group was significantly higher than that in the control group (13/23 vs 6/24, P < 0.05). An increased efficiency of MII oocyte maturation per live follicle in the NT4 group was also observed (control group vs NT4 group, 4/24 vs 10/23, P < 0.05). It is noteworthy that an MII oocyte obtained from the control group exhibited abnormal fertilization after ICSI. In contrast, an MII oocyte acquired from the NT4 group progressed to the blastocyst stage and showed potential for transfer. LARGE SCALE DATA: N/A. LIMITATIONS REASONS FOR CAUTION: The cohort examined in this study was all patients diagnosed with beta-thalassemia major. Whether this culture system is effective for patients with other diseases remains unknown. Since the chosen dose of NT4 was established based on dose finding in mice, the optimal dose for use in a human IVG system needs further confirmation. The oocytes and embryos procured from this study have not been quantified for ploidy status or epigenetic signatures. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Fresh medulla tissue obtained during tissue preparation for OTC may serve as a precious source of fertilizable oocytes for female fertility preservation, even for pre-pubertal girls, without the threat of tumour reintroduction. After further characterization and optimization of the system, this culture system holds the potential to provide a powerful future research tool, for the comprehensive exploration of human follicular development mechanisms and for conducting reproductive toxicity evaluations. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTERESTS: This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (grant number 2022YFC2703000) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 82271651 and 81871214). The medium used in human follicle in vitro culture in this study has been applied for a national invention patent in China (No. 202211330660.7). The inventors of the patent, in order, are: Y.G., C.F., and X.L.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23411, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38187318

RESUMO

Objective: In this paper, we present a comprehensive overview of our experience in establishing and leading distinct extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR)-related teams to independently handle ECPR in the early stages in the emergency department. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 29 patients who underwent ECPR treatment in the emergency room between May 2018 and April 2022. A control group, consisting of 10 patients treated between May 2018 and September 2019 was managed using a standard rescue coordination mode. The 19 patients who received ECPR between October 2019 and April 2022 were treated by members of the department's 24-h extracorporeal life support team. We compared the implementation and operational challenges faced by the two groups, including item preparation, circuit setup, and ECPR initiation times, among other factors. Results: Gender, age, cardiac arrest risk factors, and other baseline data did not significantly differ between the two groups. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) pipeline prefilling time (from 35.27±10.34 to 13.46±5.32), ECPR establishment time (from 62.35±29.61 to 30.98±13.41), and item preparation time (from 16.42±9.78 to 3.19±1.49) all considerably decreased when compared to the control group. The rate of return of spontaneous circulation recovery rose from 37.50 % to 77.78 % (P < 0.05). The consequences of gastrointestinal and pulmonary bleeding were greatly reduced while ECPR was being used, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Significant improvements were made in the ECPR weaning rate (from 25.00 % to 38.89 %) and survival rate (from 20.0 % to 36.8 %). Conclusion: The establishment of a 24-h extracorporeal life support team significantly reduced the time needed for rescue during the early stage of independent setup of ECPR in the emergency department and serves as a guide for effective care of critically ill patients.

11.
J Med Virol ; 96(1): e29382, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235833

RESUMO

Japanese encephalitis (JE) caused by JE virus (JEV), remains a global public health concern. Currently, there is no specific antiviral drug approved for the treatment of JE. While vaccines are available for prevention, they may not cover all at-risk populations. This underscores the urgent need for prophylaxis and potent anti-JEV drugs. In this context, a high-content JEV reporter system expressing Nanoluciferase (Nluc) was developed and utilized for a high-throughput screening (HTS) of a commercial antiviral library to identify potential JEV drug candidates. Remarkably, this screening process led to the discovery of five drugs with outstanding antiviral activity. Further mechanism of action analysis revealed that cepharanthine, an old clinically approved drug, directly inhibited virus replication by blocking GTP binding to the JEV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Additionally, treatment with cepharanthine in mice models alleviated JEV infection. These findings warrant further investigation into the potential anti-JEV activity of cepharanthine as a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of JEV infection. The HTS method employed here proves to be an accurate and convenient approach that facilitates the rapid development of antiviral drugs.


Assuntos
Vírus da Encefalite Japonesa (Espécie) , Encefalite Japonesa , Animais , Camundongos , Vírus da Encefalite Japonesa (Espécie)/genética , Encefalite Japonesa/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Replicação Viral
12.
Adv Mater ; : e2311144, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38190757

RESUMO

Plant-wearable sensors provide real-time information that enables pesticide inputs to be finely tuned and play critical roles in precision agriculture. However, tracking pesticide information in living plants remains a formidable challenge owing to inadequate shape adaptabilities and low in-field sensor sensitivities. In this study, plant-wearable hydrogel discs are designed by embedding a dual-shelled upconversion-nanoparticles@zeolitic-imidazolate-framework@polydopamine (UCNPs@ZIF@PDA) composite in double-network hydrogels to deliver on-site pesticide-residue information. Benefiting from the enzyme-mimetic catalytic activity of ZIFs and enzyme triggered-responsive property of PDA shell, the hydrogel discs are endowed with high sensing sensitivity toward 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid pesticide at the nanogram per milliliter level via boosting fluorescence quenching efficiency. Notably, hydrogel discs mounted on tomato plants exhibit sufficient adaptability to profile dynamic pesticide degradation when used in conjunction with an ImageJ processing algorithm, which is practically applicable. Such hydrogel discs form a noninvasive and low-cost toolkit for the on-site acquisition of pesticide information, thereby contributing to the precise management of the health status of a plant and the judicious development of precision agriculture.

13.
J Tradit Complement Med ; 14(1): 19-25, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223804

RESUMO

Background and aim: Prostate cancer is a leading malignant tumor in men, associated with a high rate of mortality. Androgen deprivation therapy is commonly used to treat prostate cancer, which contributes to the progression of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). The current therapy has a low survival rate in patients with CRPC. Our study aims to develop a novel effective approach for CRPC treatment and improve survival benefits. Experimental procedure: CRPC cell line PC-3-Luc expressing luciferase and the CRPC cell line PC-3-IL6-Luc stably overexpressing IL-6 were used to establish the xenograft tumor mouse model. The tumor was monitored weekly using Bioluminescence imaging. Infiltrated macrophages were quantified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting using flow cytometry. IL6 mRNA level was determined using quantitative real-time PCR. The protein levels of total STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3 were determined using Western blot. Results and conclusion: Zhoushi Qi Ling decoction (ZQD) treatment significantly reduced PC3 the xenograft tumor progression and the number of infiltrated macrophages when compared with saline treatment. IL6 mRNA level was remarkedly suppressed by ZQD treatment. Notably, the protein level of phosphorylated STAT3 was significantly decreased in PC3 the xenograft tumor treated with ZQD compared to saline treatment. Our findings demonstrated that ZQD treatment significantly reduced the progression of prostate cancer, evidenced by the reduced population of infiltrated macrophages and the inhibition of the IL6/STAT3 pathway.

14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 11, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167103

RESUMO

The pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has had a profound impact on the global health and economy. While mass vaccination for herd immunity is effective, emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants can evade spike protein-based COVID-19 vaccines. In this study, we develop a new immunization strategy by utilizing a nanocarrier, dendritic mesoporous silica nanoparticle (DMSN), to deliver the receptor-binding domain (RBD) and conserved T-cell epitope peptides (DMSN-P-R), aiming to activate both humoral and cellular immune responses in the host. The synthesized DMSN had good uniformity and dispersion and showed a strong ability to load the RBD and peptide antigens, enhancing their uptake by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and promoting antigen delivery to lymph nodes. The DMSN-P-R vaccine elicited potent humoral immunity, characterized by highly specific RBD antibodies. Neutralization tests demonstrated significant antibody-mediated neutralizing activity against live SARS-CoV-2. Crucially, the DMSN-P-R vaccine also induced robust T-cell responses that were specifically stimulated by the RBD and conserved T-cell epitope peptides of SARS-CoV-2. The DMSN demonstrated excellent biocompatibility and biosafety in vitro and in vivo, along with degradability. Our study introduces a promising vaccine strategy that utilizes nanocarriers to deliver a range of antigens, effectively enhancing both humoral and cellular immune responses to prevent virus transmission.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nanopartículas , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Epitopos de Linfócito T , Vacinação , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Peptídeos , Anticorpos Antivirais
15.
Neuroepidemiology ; 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295785

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the primary risk factors for the long-term trends of mortality rates in ischemic stroke (IS) in China. METHODS: Using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019) database, research was conducted on the 11 primary risk factors for the mortality rates of IS in China from 1990 to 2019. This study employed Joinpoint regression software and the Age-Period-Cohort (APC) method to evaluate the trends of mortality rates divided by age, period, and cohort over time. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) caused by a diet high in red meat and high body-mass index (BMI) in China showed an upward trend. ASMR increased first and then decreased due to smoking, diet high in sodium, particulate matter pollution, high fasting plasma glucose, and high systolic blood pressure. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), kidney dysfunction, low temperature, and lead exposure remained relatively stable during this period. In the 35-45 age group, the mortality rate of IS due to high LDL-C was up to about 60%, and smoking affected men more than women. Overall, high LDL-C, high systolic blood pressure, and particulate matter pollution were the most common risk factors in patients with IS. The risk of death rose with age. The period and cohort relative risks showed that metabolic risk factors had the greatest impact on the mortality of IS. CONCLUSION: Metabolic risk factors have become the primary risk factors for the ASMR of IS in China. Relevant authorities should pay attention to their long-term effects on IS. Effective public health policies and interventions should be implemented to reduce the burden of IS.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(4): e36886, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277566

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatic artery-portal vein malformation is rarely encountered in clinical practice. Here, we reported a case of liver cirrhosis combined with hepatic artery-portal vein malformation with refractory ascites as the main symptom. And it was successfully treated by us. The present case demonstrates the role of hepatic artery-portal vein malformation in cirrhotic ascites and the importance of early diagnosis and interventional treatment. This article may provides some experience for the treatment of such patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 72-year-old woman with a 40-year history of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity who sought medical advice with a chief complaint of abdominal distension for 1 week. DIAGNOSES: Enhanced abdominal computed tomography imaging of this patient revealed liver cirrhosis, splenomegaly, esophageal and gastric varices, massive ascites, and a low-density area in the S4 segment of the liver with an ambiguous boundary. Widening of the left branch of the portal vein was evident, and the portal vein was highlighted in the arterial phase and the venous phase. Digital subtraction angiography revealed substantial thickening of the left hepatic artery, and the administered contrast agent drained through the malformed vascular mass to the thickened left portal vein. Liver cirrhosis combined with hepatic artery-portal vein malformation were diagnosed. And we considered that the artery-portal vein malformation in this patient might be caused by cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was applied diuretics, entecavir and transcatheter embolization. OUTCOMES: The patient ascites did not resolve significantly when treated with diuretics alone. After the transcatheter embolization, the patient ascites relieved remarkably. CONCLUSION: The patient underwent transcatheter embolization for hepatic artery-portal vein malformation, after which her ascites resolved with good short-term curative efficacy. So, the patients who suffered from liver cirrhosis combined with hepatic artery-portal vein malformation and refractory ascites, should be active on transcatheter embolization.


Assuntos
Artéria Hepática , Veia Porta , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Porta/patologia , Artéria Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/terapia , Ascite/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Diuréticos
17.
Appl Opt ; 63(3): 793-803, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38294393

RESUMO

In order to bridge the fundamental commonalities between imaging models of camera lenses with different principles and structures, allowing for an accurate description of imaging characteristics across a wide range of field-of-view (FOV), we have proposed a generic camera calibration method on the basis of the projection model optimization strategy. First, in order to cover the current mainstream projection models, piecewise functions for geometric projection models and a polynomial function for the fitting projection model are designed. Then, the corresponding camera multistation self-calibration bundle adjustment (BA) module is developed for various projection models. Further, by integrating the self-calibration BA algorithm into the northern goshawk optimization architecture, iterative optimization is performed on the projection model adjustment parameters, camera interior parameters, camera exterior parameters, and lens distortion parameters until the target reprojection (RP) error reaches the global minimum. The experimental results indicate that the calibration RP root mean square error in this method is 1/20 pixel for a 68° FOV camera, 1/13 pixel for an 84° FOV camera, 1/9 pixel for a 115° FOV camera, 1/9 pixel for a 135° FOV camera, and 1/6 pixel for a 180° FOV camera. This calibration method offers fast and versatile optimization for various projection model types, encompassing a wide range of projection functions. It can efficiently determine the optimal projection model and all imaging parameters for multiple cameras during the calibration process.

18.
Med Phys ; 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38285623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Misregistration between CT and PET data can result in mis-localization and inaccurate quantification of functional uptake in whole body PET/CT imaging. This problem is exacerbated when an abnormal inspiration occurs during the free-breathing helical CT (FB CT) used for attenuation correction of PET data. In data-driven gated (DDG) PET, the data selected for reconstruction is typically derived from the end-expiration (EE) phase of the breathing cycle, making this potential issue worse. PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to develop a deformable image registration (DIR)-based respiratory motion model to improve the registration and quantification between misregistered FB CT and PET. METHODS: Twenty-two whole-body 18 F-FDG PET/CT scans encompassing 48 lesions in misregistered regions were analyzed in this study. End-inspiration (EI) and EE PET data were derived from -10% to 15% and 30% to 80% of the breathing cycle, respectively. DIR was used to estimate a motion model from the EE to EI phase of the PET data. The model was then used to generate PET images at any phase of up to four times the amplitude of motion between EE and EI for correlation with the misregistered FB CT. Once a matched phase of the FB CT was determined, FB CT was deformed to a pseudo CT at the EE phase (DIR CT). DIR CT was compared with the ground truth DDG CT for AC and localization of the DDG PET. RESULTS: Between DDG PET/FB CT and DDG PET/DIR CT, a significant increase in ∆%SUV was observed (p < 0.01), with median values elevating from 26.7% to 42.4%. This new method was most effective for lesions ≤3 cm proximal to the diaphragm (p < 0.001) but showed decreasing efficacy as the distance increased. When FB CT was severely misregistered with DDG PET (>3 cm), DDG PET/DIR CT outperformed DDG PET/FB CT alone (p < 0.05). Even when patients showed varied breathing patterns during the PET/CT scan, DDG PET/DIR CT still surpassed the efficiency of DDG PET/FB CT (p < 0.01). Though DDG PET/DIR CT couldn't match the performance of the DDG PET/CT ground truth (42.4% vs. 53.6%, p < 0.01), it reached 84% of its quantification, demonstrating good agreement and a strong overall correlation (regression coefficient of 0.94, p < 0.0001). In some cases, anatomical distortion and blurring, and misregistration error were observed in DIR CT, rendering it still unable to correct inaccurate localization near the boundaries of two organs. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the motion model derived from gated PET data, DIR CT can significantly improve the quantification and localization of DDG PET. This approach can achieve a performance level of about 84% of the ground truth established by DDG PET/CT. These results show that self-gated PET and DIR CT may offer an alternative clinical solution to DDG PET and FB CT for quantification without the need for additional cine-CT imaging. DIR CT was at times inferior to DDG CT due to some distortion and blurring of anatomy and misregistration error.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(6): 9764-9783, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194177

RESUMO

The development of effective and practical adsorbents for eliminating pollutants still remains a significant challenge. Herein, we synthesized a novel magnetically separable composite, Co0.6Fe2.4O4/MIL-101-NH2, through the in-situ growth of MIL-101-NH2 on magnetic nanoparticles, designed specifically for the removal of Congo red (CR) from aqueous solutions. MIL-101-NH2 possessed high BET surface area (240.485 m2•g-1) and facile magnetic separation function and can be swiftly separated (within 30 s) through an external magnetic field post-adsorption. The investigation systematically explored the influence of crucial parameters, including adsorbent dosage, pH, adsorption duration, temperature, and the presence of interfering ions, on CR adsorption performance. Findings indicate that CR adsorption adheres to the pseudo-second-order (PSO) kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model. Thermodynamic analysis reveals the spontaneity, endothermic nature, and orderly progression of the adsorption process. Remarkably, the adsorbent with 0.1 g•L-1 boasts an impressive maximum adsorption capacity of 1756.19 mg•g-1 for CR at 298.15 K, establishing its competitive advantage. The reuse of the adsorbent over 5 cycles remains 78% of the initial adsorption. The CR adsorption mechanisms were elucidated, emphasizing the roles of π-π interactions, electrostatic forces, hydrogen bonding, and metal coordination. Comparison with other dyes, such as methylene blue (MB) and methyl orange (MO), and exploration of adsorption performance in binary dye systems, demonstrates the superior capacity and selectivity of this adsorbent for CR. In conclusion, our magnetically separable metal-organic framework (MOF)based composite presents a versatile and effective solution for CR removal, with promising applications in water treatment and environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Vermelho Congo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Corantes , Adsorção , Cinética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
20.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 14(2)2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38248026

RESUMO

Dual-energy CT has shown promising results in determining tumor characteristics and treatment effectiveness through spectral data by assessing normalized iodine concentration (nIC), normalized effective atomic number (nZeff), normalized electron density (nED), and extracellular volume (ECV). This study explores the value of quantitative parameters in contrast-enhanced dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT) as a potential tool for detecting lymph node activity in lymphoma patients. A retrospective analysis of 55 lymphoma patients with 289 lymph nodes, assessed through 18FDG-PET/CT and the Deauville five-point scale, revealed significantly higher values of nIC, nZeff, nED, and ECV in active lymph nodes compared to inactive ones (p < 0.001). Generalized linear mixed models showed statistically significant fixed-effect parameters for nIC, nZeff, and ECV (p < 0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) values of nIC, nZeff, and ECV reached 0.822, 0.845, and 0.811 for diagnosing lymph node activity. In conclusion, the use of g nIC, nZeff, and ECV as alternative imaging biomarkers to PET/CT for identifying lymph node activity in lymphoma holds potential as a reliable diagnostic tool that can guide treatment decisions.

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