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1.
Pediatr Neurol ; 155: 193-199, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current studies on the impact of sex in the prognosis of childhood arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) are limited. We aimed to explore the sex differences in outcomes in patients with childhood AIS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the prospective data from the Chinese Pediatric Ischemic Stroke Registry. Baseline characteristics between sexes were compared in the total population cohort, propensity score (PS)-matched cohort, and inverse probability of treatment weighting cohort. Multivariate logistic regression and ordinal regression were used to analyze the association of sex with outcomes. Mixed-effects regression model was applied to further analyze the improvement in pediatric modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores between sexes from 90 days to one year. Survival analysis was used to estimate the recurrence rates during the follow-up period. RESULTS: A total of 468 patients were finally included. Multivariate logistic regression showed that there were no significant differences between females and males in achieving favorable outcome (odds ratio [OR] 1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.63 to 1.72), functional independence (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.59 to 1.63), or shift to worse pediatric mRS scores (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.59 to 1.17) at 90-day. Mixed-effects regression and survival analysis indicated that females and males exhibited comparable functional recovery from 90 days to one year and had similar recurrent risk during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: This nationally-representative observational study indicated that both male and female pediatric patients with AIS exhibited comparable similar clinical outcomes at 90 days, as well as similar improvements and risks of recurrence during the follow-up period.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Sistema de Registros , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Prognóstico , Pré-Escolar , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais , Adolescente , Lactente , Fatores Sexuais , População do Leste Asiático
2.
Adv Mater ; : e2400196, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734875

RESUMO

The activation of sequential events in the cancer-immunity cycle (CIC) is crucial for achieving effective antitumor immunity. However, formidable challenges, such as innate and adaptive immune resistance, along with the off-target adverse effects of nonselective immunomodulators, persist. In this study, a tumor-selective nano-regulator named PNBJQ has been presented, focusing on targeting two nonredundant immune nodes: inducing immunogenic cancer cell death and abrogating immune resistance to fully activate endogenous tumor immunity. PNBJQ is obtained by encapsulating the immunomodulating agent JQ1 within a self-assembling system formed by linking a Type-I photosensitizer to polyethylene glycol through a hypoxia-sensitive azo bond. Benefiting from the Type-I photosensitive mechanism, PNBJQ triggers the immunogenic cell death of hypoxic tumors under near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. This process resolves innate immune resistance by stimulating sufficient cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. Simultaneously, PNBJQ smartly responds to the hypoxic tumor microenvironment for precise drug delivery, adeptly addressing adaptive immune resistance by using JQ1 to downregulate programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and sustaining the response of cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The activatable synergic photoimmunotherapy promotes an immune-promoting tumor microenvironment by activating an iterative revolution of the CIC, which remarkably eradicates established hypoxic tumors and suppresses distal lesions under low light dose irradiation.

3.
Mucosal Immunol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754839

RESUMO

The lymphatic system plays a vital role in the regulation of tissue fluid balance and the immune response to inflammation or infection. The effects of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) on the regulation of neutrophil migration have not been well studied. In three murine models: imiquimod-induced skin inflammation, S. aureus-induced skin infection, and ligature-induced periodontitis, we show that numerous neutrophils migrate from inflamed or infected tissues to the draining lymph nodes via lymphatic vessels. Moreover, inflamed or infected tissues express a high level of IL-17A and TNF-α, simultaneously with a significant increase in the release of neutrophil attractors, including CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL3, and CXCL5. Importantly, in vitro stimulation of LECs with IL-17A plus TNF-α synergistically promoted these chemokine secretion. Mechanistically, tetra-transmembrane protein CMTM4 directly binds to IL-17RC in LECs. IL-17A plus TNF-α stimulates CXC chemokine secretion by promoting NF-κB signaling. In contrast, knockdown of CMTM4 abrogates IL-17A plus TNF-α activated NF-κB signaling pathways. Lastly, the local administration of adeno-associated virus for CMTM4 in Prox1-CreERT2 mice, mediating LEC-specific overexpression of CMTM4, promotes the drainage of neutrophils by LECs and alleviates immune pathological responses. Thus, our findings reveal the vital role of LECs-mediated neutrophil attraction and clearance at sites of inflammation or infection.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709607

RESUMO

Activation functions have a significant effect on the dynamics of neural networks (NNs). This study proposes new nonmonotonic wave-type activation functions and examines the complete stability of delayed recurrent NNs (DRNNs) with these activation functions. Using the geometrical properties of the wave-type activation function and subsequent iteration scheme, sufficient conditions are provided to ensure that a DRNN with n neurons has exactly (2m + 3)n equilibria, where (m + 2)n equilibria are locally exponentially stable, the remainder (2m + 3)n - (m + 2)n equilibria are unstable, and a positive integer m is related to wave-type activation functions. Furthermore, the DRNN with the proposed activation function is completely stable. Compared with the previous literature, the total number of equilibria and the stable equilibria significantly increase, thereby enhancing the memory storage capacity of DRNN. Finally, several examples are presented to demonstrate our proposed results.

5.
J Virol ; : e0000524, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717113

RESUMO

TRIM32 is often aberrantly expressed in many types of cancers. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is linked with several human malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphomas (PELs). Increasing evidence has demonstrated the crucial role of KSHV lytic replication in viral tumorigenesis. However, the role of TRIM32 in herpesvirus lytic replication remains unclear. Here, we reveal that the expression of TRIM32 is upregulated by KSHV in latency, and reactivation of KSHV lytic replication leads to the inhibition of TRIM32 in PEL cells. Strikingly, RTA, the master regulator of lytic replication, interacts with TRIM32 and dramatically promotes TRIM32 for degradation via the proteasome systems. Inhibition of TRIM32 induces cell apoptosis and in turn inhibits the proliferation and colony formation of KSHV-infected PEL cells and facilitates the reactivation of KSHV lytic replication and virion production. Thus, our data imply that the degradation of TRIM32 is vital for the lytic activation of KSHV and is a potential therapeutic target for KSHV-associated cancers. IMPORTANCE: TRIM32 is associated with many cancers and viral infections; however, the role of TRIM32 in viral oncogenesis remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that the expression of TRIM32 is elevated by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) in latency, and RTA (the master regulator of lytic replication) induces TRIM32 for proteasome degradation upon viral lytic reactivation. This finding provides a potential therapeutic target for KSHV-associated cancers.

6.
Hortic Res ; 11(5): uhae077, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38779140

RESUMO

How plants find a way to thrive in alpine habitats remains largely unknown. Here we present a chromosome-level genome assembly for an alpine medicinal herb, Triplostegia glandulifera (Caprifoliaceae), and 13 transcriptomes from other species of Dipsacales. We detected a whole-genome duplication event in T. glandulifera that occurred prior to the diversification of Dipsacales. Preferential gene retention after whole-genome duplication was found to contribute to increasing cold-related genes in T. glandulifera. A series of genes putatively associated with alpine adaptation (e.g. CBFs, ERF-VIIs, and RAD51C) exhibited higher expression levels in T. glandulifera than in its low-elevation relative, Lonicera japonica. Comparative genomic analysis among five pairs of high- vs low-elevation species, including a comparison of T. glandulifera and L. japonica, indicated that the gene families related to disease resistance experienced a significantly convergent contraction in alpine plants compared with their lowland relatives. The reduction in gene repertory size was largely concentrated in clades of genes for pathogen recognition (e.g. CNLs, prRLPs, and XII RLKs), while the clades for signal transduction and development remained nearly unchanged. This finding reflects an energy-saving strategy for survival in hostile alpine areas, where there is a tradeoff with less challenge from pathogens and limited resources for growth. We also identified candidate genes for alpine adaptation (e.g. RAD1, DMC1, and MSH3) that were under convergent positive selection or that exhibited a convergent acceleration in evolutionary rate in the investigated alpine plants. Overall, our study provides novel insights into the high-elevation adaptation strategies of this and other alpine plants.

7.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768388

RESUMO

DNA biosynthesis, a focus of fundamental and applied research, typically involves DNA polymerases by using templates, primers, and dNTPs. Some polymerases can polymerize dNTPs for DNA de novo synthesis, although this is generally to occur randomly. This novel synthesis method has garnered our attention and practical use. Herein, we observed that the addition of endonuclease significantly enhances the efficiency of the de novo synthesis reaction catalyzed by the DNA polymerase. We further investigated the reaction conditions that influence this efficiency. Building on the optimal reaction conditions, we developed a rapid and efficient strategy for preparing DNA hydrogel. Further, coupled with the CRISPR-Cas system, we developed a nucleic acid signal amplification system characterized by versatility, sensitivity, specificity, and no risk of aerosol contamination. We successfully detected viral nucleic acids in clinical samples. In summary, our study demonstrates the significant potential of DNA polymerase- and endonuclease-catalyzed DNA de novo synthesis in diverse applications.

8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(5): 526-533, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764125

RESUMO

Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LDH) is a common and frequently-occurring disease, which usually causes lumbar and leg pain. Studies have shown that acupuncture can improve the symptoms of LDH patients. In the present paper, we summarize the progress of researches on the mechanisms of acupuncture underlying improvement of symptoms of LDH in recent 10 years from 1) delaying the intervertibral disc degeneration (by down-regulating the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase ï¼»MMPï¼½-3 and MMP-4, up-regulating the expressions of diosaccharides and polyglycoprotein, inhibiting apoptosis and promoting mitochondrial autophagy of nucleus pulposus cells, etc.), 2) maintaining spinal column stability (by relieving rachiasmus and improving lumbar flexor and extensor muscle strength, lowering the degree of polyfidus edema and fat infiltration, and restoring the biomechanics of the spine), 3) regulating inflammation (by inhibiting the production of proinflammatory factors and increasing the production of anti-inflammatory factors, etc.), 4) regulating immune response (by promoting the activity of T cells and other immune cells, lowering serum levels of MMP-3, transforming growth factor-ß1 and prostaglandin E2, raising serum levels of IgA, IgG and IgM to improve immune function ), 5) modulating neural structure and function (by promoting myelin regeneration of sciatic nerve fibers, and reducing the edema of Schwann cells' cytoplasm and mitochondria, and improving neural ultrastructure, and sensory and motor functions of peripheral nerves, etc.), 6) relieving lumbar pain (by down-regulating expression of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase and activation of lumbar spinal cord glial cells, blocking nociceptive signal conduction, regulating the levels of pain-related factors, etc.), and 7) improving local microcirculation. These results may provide scientific evidence for acupuncture treatment of LDH.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Animais , Vértebras Lombares
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132172, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719009

RESUMO

Adjuvants including aluminum adjuvant (Alum) and oil-water emulsion have been widely used in inactivated pseudorabies virus (PRV) vaccines to improve their performance, however, they are not sufficient to protect from PRV infection because of the weak immune response and poor Th1-type immune response. Divalent manganese ion (Mn2+) has been reported to increase the cellular immune response significantly. In this work, a xanthan gum and carbomer-dispersed Mn2+-loaded tannic acid-polyethylene glycol (TPMnXC) nanoparticle colloid is developed and used as an adjuvant to improve the performance of the inactivated PRV vaccine. The good in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the developed TPMnXC colloid has been confirmed by the cell viability assay, erythrocyte hemolysis, blood routine analysis, and histological analysis of mouse organs and injection site. The TPMnXC-adjuvanted inactivated PRV vaccine (TPMnXC@PRV) significantly promotes higher and more balanced immune responses indicating with an increased specific total IgG antibody and IgG2a/IgG1 ratio, efficient splenocytes proliferation, and elevated Th1- and Th2-type cytokine secretion than those of control groups. Wild PRV challenge experiment is performed using mice as a model animal, achieving a protection rate of up to 86.67 %, which is much higher than those observed from the commercial Alum. This work not only demonstrates the high potentiality of TPMnXC in practical applications but also provides a new way to develop the Mn2+-loaded nanoadjuvant for veterinary vaccines.

10.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1360506, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576447

RESUMO

The clinical application of the recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) is restricted by its short serum half-life. Herein, site-selective modification of the N-terminus of rhG-CSF with PAL-PEG3-Ph-CHO was used to develop a long-acting rhG-CSF. The optimized conditions for rhG-CSF modification with PAL-PEG3-Ph-CHO were: reaction solvent system of 3% (w/v) Tween 20 and 30 mM NaCNBH3 in acetate buffer (20 mmol/L, pH 5.0), molar ratio of PAL-PEG3-Ph-CHO to rhG-CSF of 6:1, temperature of 20°C, and reaction time of 12 h, consequently, achieving a PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF product yield of 70.8%. The reaction mixture was purified via preparative liquid chromatography, yielding the single-modified product PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF with a HPLC purity exceeding 95%. The molecular weight of PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF was 19297 Da by MALDI-TOF-MS, which was consistent with the theoretical value. The circular dichroism analysis revealed no significant change in its secondary structure compared to unmodified rhG-CSF. The PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF retained 82.0% of the in vitro biological activity of unmodified rhG-CSF. The pharmacokinetic analyses showed that the serum half-life of PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF was 7.404 ± 0.777 h in mice, 4.08 times longer than unmodified rhG-CSF. Additionally, a single subcutaneous dose of PAL-PEG3-Ph-rhG-CSF presented comparable in vivo efficacy to multiple doses of rhG-CSF. This study demonstrated an efficacious strategy for developing long-acting rhG-CSF drug candidates.

11.
Br J Cancer ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although DHFR gene amplification has long been known as a major mechanism for methotrexate (MTX) resistance in cancer, the early changes and detailed development of the resistance are not yet fully understood. METHODS: We performed genomic, transcriptional and proteomic analyses of human colon cancer cells with sequentially increasing levels of MTX-resistance. RESULTS: The genomic amplification evolved in three phases (pre-amplification, homogenously staining region (HSR) and extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA)). We confirm that genomic amplification and increased expression of DHFR, with formation of HSRs and especially ecDNAs, is the major driver of resistance. However, DHFR did not play a detectable role in the early phase. In the late phase (ecDNA), increase in FAM151B protein level may also have an important role by decreasing sensitivity to MTX. In addition, although MSH3 and ZFYVE16 may be subject to different posttranscriptional regulations and therefore protein expressions are decreased in ecDNA stages compared to HSR stages, they still play important roles in MTX resistance. CONCLUSION: The study provides a detailed evolutionary trajectory of MTX-resistance and identifies new targets, especially ecDNAs, which could help to prevent drug resistance. It also presents a proof-of-principal approach which could be applied to other cancer drug resistance studies.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37411, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy is a commonly performed gastroenterological procedure in patients associated with anxiety and pain. Various approaches have been used to provide sedation and analgesia during colonoscopy, including patient-controlled analgesia and sedation (PCAS). This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and efficiency of PCAS administered with propofol and remifentanil for colonoscopy. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed in an authorized and approved endoscopy center. A total of 80 outpatients were recruited for the colonoscopy studies. Patients were randomly allocated into PCAS and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) groups. In the PCAS group, the dose of 0.1 ml/kg/min of the mixture was injected after an initial bolus of 3 ml mixture (1 ml containing 3 mg of propofol and 10 µg of remifentanil). Each 1 ml of bolus was delivered with a lockout time of 1 min. In the TIVA group, patients were administered fentanyl 1 µg/kg, midazolam 0.02 mg/kg, and propofol (dosage titrated). Cardiorespiratory parameters and auditory evoked response index were continuously monitored during the procedure. The recovery from anesthesia was assessed using the Aldrete scale and the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale. The Visual Analogue Scale was used to assess the satisfaction of patients and endoscopists. RESULTS: No statistical differences were observed in the Visual Analogue Scale scores of the patients (9.58 vs 9.50) and the endoscopist (9.43 vs 9.30). A significant decline in the mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and auditory evoked response index parameters was recorded in the TIVA group (P < 0.05). The recovery time was significantly shorter in the PCAS group than in the TIVA group (P = 0.00). CONCLUSION: The combination of remifentanil and propofol could provide sufficient analgesia, better hemodynamic stability, lighter sedation, and faster recovery in the PCAS group of patients compared with the TIVA group.


Assuntos
Agnosia , Propofol , Humanos , Remifentanil , Midazolam , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Fentanila , Anestesia Intravenosa , Anestesia Geral , Colonoscopia , Dor
13.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 59, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI) is an important complication of reperfusion therapy, and has a lack of effective prevention and treatment methods. Oleuropein (OP) is a natural strong antioxidant with many protective effects on cardiovascular diseases, but its protective effect on MIRI has not yet been studied in depth. METHODS: Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) was used to establish an in vitro oxidative stress model. Cell viability was detected by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Flow cytometry and fluorescence assays were performed for evaluating the ROS levels and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Immunofluorescence analysis detected the NRF2 nuclear translocation and autophagy indicators. Further, Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR were performed to evaluate the expression levels of proteins and mRNAs. Molecular docking, CETSA, and molecular interaction analysis explored the binding between OP and TLR4. The protective effects of OP in vivo were determined using a preclinical MIRI rat model. RESULTS: OP protected against tBHP-treated injury, reduced ROS levels and reversed the damaged MMP. Mechanistically, OP activated NRF2-related antioxidant pathways, inhibited autophagy and attenuated the TLR4/MAPK signaling pathway in tBHP-treated H9C2 cells with a high binding affinity to TLR4 (KD = 37.5 µM). The TLR4 inhibitor TAK242 showed a similar effect as OP. In vivo, OP could alleviate cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury and it ameliorated adverse cardiac remodeling. Consistent with in vitro studies, OP inhibited TLR4/MAPK and autophagy pathway and activated NRF2-dependent antioxidant pathways in vivo. CONCLUSION: This study shows that OP binds to TLR4 to regulate oxidative stress and autophagy for protecting damaged cardiomyocytes, supporting that OP can be a potential therapeutic agent for MIRI.

14.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 230, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising interventional treatment approach that contributes to antitumor immunity. It has been reported that PDT can enhance the effectiveness of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), but its mechanism is yet unclear. Herein, we implemented bioinformatics analysis to detect common pathways and potential biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), PDT, and NSCLC immunotherapy to investigate potential links between PDT, immunotherapy and NSCLC, and their clinical impact. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes in NSCLC- and NSCLC immunotherapy-related data in the GEO database were intersected with PDT-related genes in the GeneCards database to obtain candidate genes and shared pathways. Enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction were established to identify key genes in functionally enriched pathways. The expression profiles and the prognostic significance of key genes were depicted. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis showed that HIF-1α was screened as a prognostic gene in hypoxia, HIF-1, and PD-L1-related signaling pathways, which was associated with clinical response in NSCLC patients after PDT and immunotherapy. In vivo experiments showed that PDT could inhibit tumor growth and upregulate HIF-1α and PD-L1 expressions in NSCLC tissues with a positive correlation, which might influence the blocking activity of ICIs on the HIF-1, and PD-L1-related signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: PDT might improve the clinical response of ICIs by upregulating tumor HIF-1α and PD-L1 expressions in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Relevância Clínica , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
15.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-9, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Determining the underlying etiology of acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO) is crucial for selecting an appropriate treatment approach. The authors aimed to investigate the distribution of etiology and the association with functional outcomes in patients with acute VBAO who underwent endovascular treatment in which atherosclerosis, small-vessel disease, cardiac pathology, other causes, and dissection (ASCOD) phenotyping was used. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at 21 centers in China, involving patients with VBAO who received endovascular treatment within 24 hours of the estimated occlusion time. In the ASCOD phenotyping, each phenotype is graded based on the following categories: 1, likely to be causal; 2, uncertain if causal; and 3, unlikely to be causal. The authors defined a single possible cause as a cause graded 1 in a single domain, and multiple possible causes were graded 1 or 2 regardless of overlap. The primary outcome was unfavorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score of 3-6) at 90 days. The secondary outcomes included shift of mRS score at 90 days, 90-day mortality, successful reperfusion, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at 24 hours. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess the association between etiological subtypes and functional outcomes. Multivariate competing-risk regression analysis was performed to analyze the association between etiological subtypes and the risk of recurrent stroke. RESULTS: A total of 577 patients were included in this study. Of these, 521 (90%) had a single possible cause. The most common etiology was A1 (382 cases, 73%), followed by C1 (111 cases, 21%) and O1 (28 cases, 5%-in this study the other causes and dissection subtypes were categorized under the umbrella term of "O" causes). Similar patterns were observed in the multiple possible causes. In the baseline characteristics of the cohort, as rescue therapy, stenting was more frequently used in patients in the A1 group than in the C1 group (53.2% vs 41.7%; p < 0.01). The proportion of atherosclerosis-type etiology increased when the occlusion was located more proximally (p < 0.01). Compared to the A1 group, patients in the C1 group had a lower incidence of unfavorable outcome (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.24-0.73), which was less likely to shift to a worse mRS score (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.91). The O1 subtype was not associated with unfavorable outcome (OR 1.35, 95% CI 0.46-4.01), whereas patients with the O1 subtype were more likely to shift to worse mRS score (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.09-5.25) and to have a higher 90-day mortality rate (OR 2.60, 95% CI 1.07-6.31). Furthermore, there was no significant association between single etiological subtypes and stroke recurrence within 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: The most common etiology in patients with VBAO was atherosclerosis, followed by cardiac pathology and other. Compared to the A1 subgroup, the C1 subgroup showed better functional outcomes, whereas the O1 subgroup showed worse outcomes. Additionally, there was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence risk.

16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 263, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In agricultural production, fungal diseases significantly impact the yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium spp.) with Verticillium wilt posing a particularly severe threat. RESULTS: This study is focused on investigating the effectiveness of endophytic microbial communities present in the seeds of disease-resistant cotton genotypes in the control of cotton Verticillium wilt. The technique of 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) amplicon sequencing identified a significant enrichment of the Bacillus genus in the resistant genotype Xinluzao 78, which differed from the endophytic bacterial community structure in the susceptible genotype Xinluzao 63. Specific enriched strains were isolated and screened from the seeds of Xinluzao 78 to further explore the biological functions of seed endophytes. A synthetic microbial community (SynCom) was constructed using the broken-rod model, and seeds of the susceptible genotype Xinluzao 63 in this community that had been soaked with the SynCom were found to significantly control the occurrence of Verticillium wilt and regulate the growth of cotton plants. Antibiotic screening techniques were used to preliminarily identify the colonization of strains in the community. These techniques revealed that the strains can colonize plant tissues and occupy ecological niches in cotton tissues through a priority effect, which prevents infection by pathogens. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the key role of seed endophytes in driving plant disease defense and provides a theoretical basis for the future application of SynComs in agriculture.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Verticillium , Verticillium/fisiologia , Gossypium/genética , Gossypium/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bactérias/genética , Sementes/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Resistência à Doença/genética
17.
Biomaterials ; 308: 122571, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38636132

RESUMO

The abuse and overuse of antibiotics let drug-resistant bacteria emerges. Antibacterial photodynamic therapy (APDT) has shown outstanding merits to eliminate the drug-resistant bacteria via cytotoxic reactive oxygen species produced by irradiating photosensitizer. However, most of photosensitizers are not effective for Gram-negative bacteria elimination. Herein conjugates of NBS, a photosensitizer, linked with one (NBS-DPA-Zn) or two (NBS-2DPA-Zn) equivalents of zinc-dipicolylamine (Zn-DPA) have been designed to achieve the functional recognition of different bacteria. Due to the cationic character of NBS and metal transfer channel effect of Zn-DPA, NBS-DPA-Zn exhibited the first regent to distinguish P. aeruginosa from other Gram-negative bacteria. Whereas NBS-2DPA-Zn showed broad-spectrum antibacterial effect because the two arm of double Zn-DPA enhanced interactions with anionic membranes of bacteria, led the bacteria aggregation and thus provided the efficacy of APDT to bacteria and corresponding biofilm. In combination with a hydrogel of Pluronic, NBS-2DPA-Zn@gel shows promising clinical application in mixed bacterial diabetic mouse model infection. This might propose a new method that can realize functional identification and elimination of bacteria through intelligent regulation of Zn-DPA, and shows excellent potential for antibacterial application.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Picolinas , Ácidos Picolínicos , Animais , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/química , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 417: 110705, 2024 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640815

RESUMO

The effect of a casein hydrolysate (CH) on the fermentation and quality of a naturally-fermented buckwheat sourdough (NFBS) were investigated, through assessing the fermentation characteristics, carbohydrate and protein degradation, texture, and bacterial composition of NFBS. According to the assaying data, CH might both increase the amount of lactic acid bacteria by 2.62 % and shorten the fermentation period by at least 3 h, subsequently leading to enhanced degradation of carbohydrate and protein, accompanied by a softer texture. More importantly, CH increased the relative abundance of lactobacillus in NFBS, making it the dominant bacterial genus and inhibited the growth of spoilage bacteria. In addition, Spearman correlation analysis indicated that the pH value, lactic and acetic acid contents, carbohydrates, protease activity, and these textural indices like hardness, elasticity, and adhesion had a positive/negative correlation with the bacterial composition of NFBS (Spearman correlation coefficient: -0.93-0.95). CH was thus regarded to be helpful to NFBS processing and production mainly by shortening its fermentation time, improving its fermentation performance, causing a finer texture and microstructure, and changing bacterial composition.


Assuntos
Pão , Caseínas , Fagopyrum , Fermentação , Fagopyrum/química , Pão/microbiologia , Caseínas/metabolismo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alimentos Fermentados/microbiologia
19.
Exp Gerontol ; 191: 112414, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advancement of global aging, there has been an increase in patients with dysmobility syndrome (DS), often accompanied by osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and sarcopenic obesity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the application value of the body mass frequency index (BMFI) in older patients with DS by comprehensively analyzing the differences in BMFI between community-dwelling older subjects using medical and engineering methods. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit community-dwelling older subjects aged 60-90 years. Various assessments and measurements were performed, including basic information collection, gait analysis, bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition measurement, fall and fracture risk et al. Gait analysis and body mass index (BMI) are in the established model to calculate BMFI. Analysis of BMFI was performed in community-dwelling older subjects, and the specificity and threshold of BMFI in predicting dysmobility syndrome (DS) were further analyzed. RESULTS: Significant differences in BMFI were observed between older adults with DS and those without DS. BMFI in older people was associated with bone quality, fracture risk, body fat percentage, appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), grip strength, and speed. The odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for BMFI in the non-DS and DS groups were 0.823 (0.743-0.901), respectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis demonstrated that BMFI had predictive value in distinguishing non-DS from DS (AUC = 0.669) (P < 0.05). The optimal threshold for predicting non-DS and DS was found to be 16.04 (sensitivities = 0.483, specificities = 0.774). CONCLUSION: The measurement of BMFI has demonstrated disparities in musculoskeletal status among older adults with and without DS. Notably, BMFI exhibits a unique predictive capacity for DS among the elderly population.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Humanos , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Transversais , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Síndrome , Vida Independente , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Curva ROC , Força da Mão
20.
Chemistry ; : e202400436, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571318

RESUMO

Chirality represents a fundamental characteristic inherent in nature, playing a pivotal role in the emergence of homochirality and the origin of life. While the principles of chirality in organic chemistry are well-documented, the exploration of chirality within inorganic crystal structures continues to evolve. This ongoing development is primarily due to the diverse nature of crystal/amorphous structures in inorganic materials, along with the intricate symmetrical and asymmetrical relationships in the geometry of their constituent atoms. In this review, we commence with a summary of the foundational concept of chirality in molecules and solid states matters. This is followed by an introduction of structural chirality and electronic chirality in three-dimensional and two-dimensional inorganic materials. The construction of chirality in inorganic materials is classified into physical photolithography, wet-chemistry method, self-assembly, and chiral imprinting. Highlighting the significance of this field, we also summarize the research progress of chiral inorganic materials for applications in optical activity, enantiomeric recognition and chiral sensing, selective adsorption and enantioselective separation, asymmetric synthesis and catalysis, and chirality-induced spin polarization. This review aims to provide a reference for ongoing research in chiral inorganic materials and potentially stimulate innovative strategies and novel applications in the realm of chirality.

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