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1.
Dev Cell ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574733

RESUMO

UBE2F, a neddylation E2, neddylates CUL5 to activate cullin-RING ligase-5, upon coupling with neddylation E3 RBX2/SAG. Whether and how UBE2F controls pancreatic tumorigenesis is previously unknown. Here, we showed that UBE2F is essential for the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells with KRAS mutation. In the mouse KrasG12D pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) model, Ube2f deletion suppresses cerulein-induced pancreatitis, and progression of acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Mechanistically, Ube2f deletion inactivates the Mapk-c-Myc signals via blocking ubiquitylation of Diras2, a substrate of CRL5Asb11 E3 ligase. Biologically, DIRAS2 suppresses growth and survival of human pancreatic cancer cells harboring mutant KRAS, and Diras2 deletion largely rescues the phenotypes induced by Ube2f deletion. Collectively, Ube2f or Diras2 plays a tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressive role in the mouse KrasG12D PDAC model, respectively. The UBE2F-CRL5ASB11 axis could serve as a valid target for pancreatic cancer, whereas the levels of UBE2F or DIRAS2 may serve as prognostic biomarkers for PDAC patients.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575312

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether young patients with endometrial carcinoma can preserve adnexa and lymph nodes to improve their quality of life without compromising their prognosis. METHODS: A total of 319 patients with type I endometrial carcinoma (high or moderate differentiation and less than 1/2 myometrial invasion) hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2012 to July 2021 were included. The patients were divided into four groups: high differentiation without myometrial invasion group (G1MI-), high differentiation with superficial myometrial invasion group (G1MI+), moderate differentiation without myometrial invasion group (G2MI-), and moderate differentiation with superficial myometrial invasion group (G2MI+). Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for extra-uterine involvement. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve to compare the prognosis in subgroups and rates of extra-uterine involvement were also compared using Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regression revealed that differentiation (HR = 14.590, 95%CI = 1.778-119.754, p = 0.013) and myometrial invasion (HR = 10.732, 95%CI = 0.912-92.780, p = 0.037) were the independent risk factors for extra-uterine involvement. The overall difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). In the subgroups analysis, both adnexal metastasis and lymph node metastasis were statistically significant in the G2MI+ group compared with G1MI- (p = 0.007, p = 0.008). There were no significant differences in the overall survival (OS) rate and progression free survival (PFS) rate among the four subgroups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Surgery with adnexal preservation and without systematic lymphadenectomy could be employed for the patients who are high differentiation with less than 1/2 myometrial invasion or moderate differentiation without myometrial invasion, but not recommended to the patients with moderate differentiation and superficial myometrial invasion.

3.
Mycopathologia ; 189(2): 30, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of pathogenic Aspergillus strains of otomycosis in central China and the identification of their antifungal sensitivity. METHODS: We collected external ear canal secretions clinically diagnosed as otomycosis from April 2020 to January 2023 from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in central China. The pathogenic Aspergillus strains were identified through morphological examination and sequencing. The antifungal sensitivity was performed using the broth microdilution method described in the Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute document M38-A3. RESULTS: In the 452 clinical strains isolated from the external ear canal, 284 were identified as Aspergillus terreus (62.83%), 92 as Aspergillus flavus (20.35%), 55 as Aspergillus niger (12.17%). In antifungal susceptibility tests the MIC of Aspergillus strains to bifonazole and clotrimazole was high,all the MIC90 is > 16 ug/mL. However, most Aspergillus isolates show moderate greatly against terbinafine, itraconazole and voriconazole. CONCLUSION: A. terreus is the most common pathogenic Aspergillus strain in otomycosis in central China. The selected topical antifungal drugs were bifonazole and clotrimazole; the drug resistance rate was approximately 30%. If the infection is persistent and requires systemic treatment, terbinafine and itraconazole can be used. The resistance of Aspergillus in otomycosis to voriconazole should be screened to avoid the systemic spread of infection in immunocompromised people and poor compliance with treatment. However, the pan-azole-resistant strain of Aspergillus should be monitored, particularly in high-risk patients with otomycosis.


Assuntos
Aspergilose , Otomicose , Humanos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Otomicose/epidemiologia , Otomicose/microbiologia , Itraconazol , Voriconazol , Terbinafina , Clotrimazol/farmacologia , Aspergilose/epidemiologia , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
4.
J Wound Care ; 33(Sup4): S25-S32, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573950

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of podiatrists in preventing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in China. METHOD: The study was a prospective investigation. A total of 300 patients were enrolled from May 2016 to May 2018 in Handan Central Hospital, China. All patients who participated in this study had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). All participants underwent our survey, which included basic patient data and information about DFUs. The patients were followed for one year, during which time they received appropriate intervention from podiatrists, including lifestyle guidance, callus resection, tinea grinding and ingrown nail correction. At the end of the year all the patients were surveyed again. The data before and after the year were statistically compared. RESULTS: The results showed that the incidence of DFUs in patients with diabetes was significantly decreased after one year of intervention from podiatrists (20.7% versus 6.7%, p<0.001). Additionally, there was a negative correlation between the number of intervention visits and the number of DFU occurrences (Spearman correlation coefficient: -0.496, p<0.001). Furthermore, we found that 68 patients with a history of DFUs or amputation had an obviously reduced incidence of DFUs after intervention by a podiatrist (89.7% versus 27.9%, p<0.001). We also investigated other foot risk factors in all participants, such as limb neuropathy (76.3%), lower extremity vascular disease (65.7%) and foot paralysis (43.7%). CONCLUSION: The results of this study help in understanding the situation of patients with diabetes in China and to prove that standardised podiatrist intervention has an important role in inhibiting the occurrence and development of DFUs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pé Diabético , Úlcera do Pé , Humanos , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Hospitais
5.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 85, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575611

RESUMO

NEDD8 (Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated protein 8) is an ubiquitin-like protein that is covalently attached to a lysine residue of a protein substrate through a process known as neddylation, catalyzed by the enzyme cascade, namely NEDD8 activating enzyme (E1), NEDD8 conjugating enzyme (E2), and NEDD8 ligase (E3). The substrates of neddylation are categorized into cullins and non-cullin proteins. Neddylation of cullins activates CRLs (cullin RING ligases), the largest family of E3 ligases, whereas neddylation of non-cullin substrates alters their stability and activity, as well as subcellular localization. Significantly, the neddylation pathway and/or many neddylation substrates are abnormally activated or over-expressed in various human diseases, such as metabolic disorders, liver dysfunction, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancers, among others. Thus, targeting neddylation becomes an attractive strategy for the treatment of these diseases. In this review, we first provide a general introduction on the neddylation cascade, its biochemical process and regulation, and the crystal structures of neddylation enzymes in complex with cullin substrates; then discuss how neddylation governs various key biological processes via the modification of cullins and non-cullin substrates. We further review the literature data on dysregulated neddylation in several human diseases, particularly cancer, followed by an outline of current efforts in the discovery of small molecule inhibitors of neddylation as a promising therapeutic approach. Finally, few perspectives were proposed for extensive future investigations.


Assuntos
Proteínas Culina , Neoplasias , Humanos , Proteínas Culina/metabolismo , Ubiquitinas/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The endometrial cancer is a disorder with elevated oxidative stress. The high oxidative stress resulting from hyperglycemia can lead to diabetic retinopathy (DR) development which is a complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Accordingly, we aim to evaluate the potential relationship between the endometrial cancer and following DR development. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. Individuals diagnosed with endometrial cancer were matched to the non-endometrial cancer patients in a 1:4 ratio. The major outcomes are the presence of DR, diabetic macular edema (DME) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) according to diagnostic codes. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to show the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of major outcomes between groups. RESULTS: There were 99 (2.3%), 20 (0.5%), and 14 (0.3%) cases with DR, DME and PDR in the endometrial cancer group, respectively. Another 303 (1.8%), 35 (0.2%), and 27 (0.2%) with DR, DME and PDR were observed in the control group, respectively. The endometrial cancer group revealed a significantly higher incidence of DR compared with the control group (aHR 1.51, 95% CI 1.20-1.90, P < 0.001). The cumulative probability of DR was also higher in the endometrial cancer group than in the control group (P < 0.001). The relationship between endometrial cancer and DR was significantly higher in patients aged over 70 years (P = 0.008). In addition, a higher incidence of DR was found during the first 5 years after the endometrial cancer diagnosis (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The endometrial cancer correlates to a higher incidence of subsequent DR, especially within first 5 years of endometrial cancer diagnosis.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1360050, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562564

RESUMO

Introduction: The strawberry industry in South Korea has witnessed a significant 65% growth over the past decade, surpassing other fruits and vegetables in production value. While sweetness and acidity are well-recognized flavor determinants, the role of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in defining the desirable flavor profiles of strawberries is also crucial. However, existing research has predominantly concentrated on a limited range of commercial cultivars, neglecting the broader spectrum of strawberry varieties. Methods: This study embarked on developing a comprehensive VOC database for a diverse array of strawberry cultivars sourced both domestically and internationally. A total of 61 different strawberry cultivars from Korea (45), the USA (7), Japan (8), and France (1) were analyzed for their VOC content using Tenax TA Thermo Desorption tubes and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). In addition to VOC profiling, heritability was assessed using one-way ANOVA to compare means among multiple groups, providing insights into the genetic basis of flavor differences. Results and discussion: The analysis identified 122 compounds categorized into esters, alcohols, terpenes, and lactones, with esters constituting the majority (46.5%) of total VOCs in Korean cultivars. 'Arihyang', 'Sunnyberry', and 'Kingsberry' exhibited the highest diversity of VOCs detected (97 types), whereas 'Seolhong' showed the highest overall concentration (57.5mg·kg-1 FW). Compared to the USA cultivars, which were abundant in γ-decalactone (a peach-like fruity aroma), most domestic cultivars lacked this compound. Notably, 'Misohyang' displayed a high γ-decalactone content, highlighting its potential as breeding germplasm to improve flavor in Korean strawberries. The findings underscore the importance of a comprehensive VOC analysis across different strawberry cultivars to understand flavor composition. The significant variation in VOC content among the cultivars examined opens avenues for targeted breeding strategies. By leveraging the distinct VOC profiles, particularly the presence of γ-decalactone, breeders can develop new strawberry varieties with enhanced flavor profiles, catering to consumer preferences for both domestic and international markets.

8.
Int Dent J ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with dental caries and periodontitis in a general Norwegian adult population. METHODS: We analysed a subsample of 1605 participants from the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) in Norway that had serum 25(OH)D) levels measured in HUNT3 (2006-08) and oral health assessed in the HUNT4 Oral Health Study (2017-19). Negative binomial and Poisson regression models were used to estimate the ratios of means (RMs; for count oral outcomes) and prevalence ratios (PRs; for dichotomous oral outcomes). RESULTS: Serum 25(OH)D was inversely associated with the number of decayed teeth in a dose-response gradient (<30.0 nmol/L: RM 1.41, 95% CI 1.07-1.85; 30.0-49.9 nmol/L: 1.14, 0.98-1.32 and ≥75.0 nmol/L: 0.84, 0.67-1.04, as compared to the 50.0-74.9 nmol/L group, P for trend <.001). Each 25 nmol/L decrease in 25(OH)D level was associated with a 15% (RM 1.15, 95% CI 1.05-1.26) increase in the mean number of decayed teeth. Serum 25(OH)D <30.0 nmol/L was associated with a 35% higher prevalence of severe periodontitis (PR 1.35, 95% CI 1.00-1.83). No association was observed between 25(OH)D and the number of natural teeth. CONCLUSION: The present study suggested that serum 25(OH)D level had an inverse and dose-response association with the number of decayed teeth, and serum 25(OH)D <30 nmol/L was associated with a higher prevalence of severe periodontitis in this Norwegian adult population.

9.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588326

RESUMO

Nanoparticle synthesis on microfluidic platforms provides excellent reproducibility and control over bulk synthesis. While there have been plenty of platforms for producing nanoparticles (NPs) with controlled physicochemical properties, such platforms often operate in a narrow range of predefined flow rates. The flow rate limitation restricts either up-scalability for industrial production or down-scalability for exploratory research use. Here, we present a universal flow rate platform that operates over a wide range of flow rates (0.1-75 mL/min) for small-scale exploratory research and industrial-level synthesis of NPs without compromising the mixing capabilities. The wide range of flow rate is obtained by using a coaxial flow with a triangular microstructure to create a vortex regardless of the flow regime (Reynolds number). The chip synthesizes several types of NPs for gene and protein delivery, including polyplex, lipid NPs, and solid polymer NPs via self-assembly and precipitation, and successfully expresses GFP plasmid DNA in human T cells.

10.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301272, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593152

RESUMO

In urban stochastic transportation networks, there are specific links that hold great importance. Disruptions or failures in these critical links can lead to reduced connectivity within the road network. Under this circumstance, this manuscript proposed a novel identification of critical links mathematical optimization model based on the optimal reliable path with consideration of link correlations under demand uncertainty. The method presented in this paper offers a solution to bypass the necessity of conducting a full scan of the entire road network. Due to the non-additive and non-linear properties of the proposed model, a modified heuristic algorithm based on K-shortest algorithm and inequality technical is presented. The numerical experiments are conducted to show that improve a certain road link may not necessarily improve the overall traffic conditions. Moreover, the results indicate that if the travel time reliability is not considered, it will bring errors to the identification of key links.


Assuntos
Meios de Transporte , Viagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Modelos Teóricos , Algoritmos
12.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1379742, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596670

RESUMO

Background: Kidney transplantation is considered the most effective treatment for end-stage renal failure. Recent studies have shown that the significance of the immune microenvironment after kidney transplantation in determining prognosis of patients. Therefore, this study aimed to conduct a bibliometric analysis to provide an overview of the knowledge structure and research trends regarding the immune microenvironment and survival in kidney transplantation. Methods: Our search included relevant publications from 2013 to 2023 retrieved from the Web of Science core repository and finally included 865 articles. To perform the bibliometric analysis, we utilized tools such as VOSviewer, CiteSpace, and the R package "bibliometrix". The analysis focused on various aspects, including country, author, year, topic, reference, and keyword clustering. Results: Based on the inclusion criteria, a total of 865 articles were found, with a trend of steady increase. China and the United States were the countries with the most publications. Nanjing Medical University was the most productive institution. High-frequency keywords were clustered into 6 areas, including kidney transplantation, transforming growth factor ß, macrophage, antibody-mediated rejection, necrosis factor alpha, and dysfunction. Antibody mediated rejection (2019-2023) was the main area of research in recent years. Conclusion: This groundbreaking bibliometric study comprehensively summarizes the research trends and advances related to the immune microenvironment and survival after kidney transplantation. It identifies recent frontiers of research and highlights promising directions for future studies, potentially offering fresh perspectives to scholars in the field.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Humanos , Anticorpos , Bibliometria , China , Análise por Conglomerados
13.
Vet Anim Sci ; 24: 100344, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516389

RESUMO

Innovative topical bioregenerative materials promoting corneal stromal healing provide valuable alternatives for treating patients with deep corneal ulcers, and particularly beneficial for those with a higher anaesthetic risk. This study aimed to investigate the effects of topical amniotic membrane suspension (AMS) and ReGeneraTing Agent (RGTA) on surgically induced deep stromal ulcers in rats. Eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 treatment groups: control group (topical normal saline, TID); AMS group (topical AMS, TID); RGTA group (topical RGTA, Q2D). Corneal microsurgery was used to create deep stromal ulcer. Evaluations were performed by corneal opacity grading, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), histopathology, and immunohistochemistry. One-way ANOVA and Dunnett's test were used for statistical analysis. By the seventh day of treatment, both the AMS and RGTA groups showed significantly greater thickness in corneal stroma (both p-value < 0.05) than the control group. Additionally, the RGTA group exhibited a significantly higher degree of myofibroblast infiltration in the stroma and a greater level of corneal opacity (p < 0.05). No significant differences in the count of inflammatory cells were noted. In conclusion, both AMS and RGTA have demonstrated effectiveness in promoting the early stages of stromal wound healing and wound defect recovery in our research. Both AMS and RGTA have good potential for treating deep corneal ulcers in small animals practice. Further research is necessary to investigate the long-term effects and mechanism of using topical AMS and RGTA on treating deep corneal ulcer in clinical practice.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 664: 681-690, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492369

RESUMO

Hard carbon (HC) has emerged as a highly promising anode material for sodium ion batteries, drawing tremendous interest in producing this material with low-cost and easily accessible precursors. The determination of the crucial parameters of precursors influencing the formation of key structures, such as closed pores, in the HC is of paramount importance. Considering the potential role of free radicals in the structural evolution of the precursors, we, for the first time, delve into the impact of radical species on the development of closed pores by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, with petroleum asphalt as the model system. Our findings reveal that carbon centred radicals, with the g value close to that of the free electron (2.0023), exhibit a propensity to form long-range, well-ordered graphitic structures with lower sodium storage capacity. Conversely, the deliberately incorporated oxygen radicals with the g value over 2.005 require a higher energy for ordering the graphitic structures, leading to the creation of closed pores. As a result, the optimal sample showcases a four-fold increase in plateau capacity for sodium ion storage due to the pore filling process. Our research underscores the pivotal role of employing electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy studying the critical structural evolution of functional carbon materials.

15.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer arising in adenomyosis (EC-AIA) is frequently detected accidentally following a general hysterectomy for adenomyosis. Whether supplemental lymphadenectomy in patients with EC-AIA can improve the survival outcome remains inconclusive. Herein, we summarized the data of patients with EC-AIA and further explored the impact of lymphadenectomy on the prognosis of these patients. METHODS: Five electronic databases, namely MEDLINE, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were employed for searching articles from inception to May 2023. RESULTS: In total, 38 eligible studies enrolling 56 patients were included. Of these, 44 patients had a traceable prognosis. Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that patients who had undergone lymphadenectomy had a better progression-free survival (PFS) compared with those who had not undergone lymphadenectomy (P=0.016), but there was no difference in overall survival (OS). Univariable (P=0.025, HR=0.25, 95%CI=0.08-0.84) and multivariable (P=0.042, HR=0.13, 95%CI=0.020-0.930) Cox regression analyses revealed that lymphadenectomy was an independent protective factor for PFS. CONCLUSION: For patients diagnosed with EC-AIA following hysterectomy for benign disease, further supplementary lymphadenectomy is recommended to improve PFS.

16.
Trials ; 25(1): 166, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is a standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion. Hypertension and increased blood pressure variability within the first 24 h after successful reperfusion are related to a higher risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and higher mortality. AIS patients might suffer from ischemia-reperfusion injury following reperfusion, especially within 24 h. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a sedative commonly used in EVT, can stabilize hemodynamics by inhibiting the sympathetic nervous system and alleviate ischemia-reperfusion injury through anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. Postoperative prolonged sedation for 24 h with DEX might be a potential pharmacological approach to improve long-term prognosis after EVT. METHODS: This single-center, open-label, prospective, randomized controlled trial will include 368 patients. The ethics committee has approved the protocol. After successful reperfusion (modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction scores 2b-3, indicating reperfusion of at least 50% of the affected vascular territory), participants are randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. In the intervention group, participants will receive 0.1~1.0 µg/kg/h DEX for 24 h. In the control group, participants will receive an equal dose of saline for 24 h. The primary outcome is the functional outcome at 90 days, measured with the categorical scale of the modified Rankin Scale, ranging from 0 (no symptoms) to 6 (death). The secondary outcome includes (1) the changes in stroke severity between admission and 24 h and 7 days after EVT, measured by the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (ranging from 0 to 42, with higher scores indicating greater severity); (2) the changes in ischemic penumbra volume/infarct volume between admission and 7 days after EVT, measured by neuroimaging scan; (3) the length of ICU/hospital stay; and (4) adverse events and the all-cause mortality rate at 90 days. DISCUSSION: This randomized clinical trial is expected to verify the hypothesis that postoperative prolonged sedation with DEX after successful reperfusion may promote the long-term prognosis of patients with AIS and may reduce the related socio-economic burden. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04916197. Prospectively registered on 7 June 2021.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , AVC Isquêmico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/cirurgia , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reperfusão , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 707: 149726, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493747

RESUMO

Real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is an important method for the early diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study investigated the effects of storage solution, temperature and detection time on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid detection by RT-qPCR. Various concentrations of SARS-CoV-2 were added to inactive and non-inactive storage solution and the viral suspensions were stored at various temperatures (room temperature, 4, -20 and -80 °C). Then, at five different detection time points, the Ct values were determined by RT-qPCR. Active and inactive storage solutions and storage temperature have a great impact on the detection of N gene of SARS-CoV-2 at different concentration corridors but have little impact on the ORF gene. The storage time has a greater impact on the N gene and ORF gene at high concentrations but has no effect on the two genes at low concentrations. In conclusion, storage temperature, storage time and storage status (inactivated, non-inactivated) have no effect on the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 at the same concentration. For different concentrations of SARS-CoV-2, the detection of N gene is mainly affected.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Temperatura , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/análise , Teste para COVID-19 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(13): e2315407121, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502699

RESUMO

Organic electrodes mainly consisting of C, O, H, and N are promising candidates for advanced batteries. However, the sluggish ionic and electronic conductivity limit the full play of their high theoretical capacities. Here, we integrate the idea of metal-support interaction in single-atom catalysts with π-d hybridization into the design of organic electrode materials for the applications of lithium (LIBs) and potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). Several types of transition metal single atoms (e.g., Co, Ni, Fe) with π-d hybridization are incorporated into the semiconducting covalent organic framework (COF) composite. Single atoms favorably modify the energy band structure and improve the electronic conductivity of COF. More importantly, the electronic interaction between single atoms and COF adjusts the binding affinity and modifies ion traffic between Li/K ions and the active organic units of COFs as evidenced by extensive in situ and ex situ characterizations and theoretical calculations. The corresponding LIB achieves a high reversible capacity of 1,023.0 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1 and 501.1 mA h g-1 after 500 cycles at 1,000 mA g-1. The corresponding PIB delivers a high reversible capacity of 449.0 mA h g-1 at 100 mA g-1 after 150 cycles and stably cycled over 500 cycles at 1,000 mA g-1. This work provides a promising route to engineering organic electrodes.

19.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 50(4): 108260, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484492

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for pelvic lymph node metastasis (LNM) and para-aortic LNM in non-endometrioid endometrial cancer (non-EEC). METHODS: A total of 283 patients with non-EEC hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2020 were included. Various characteristics were retrospectively analyzed in relation to LNM. RESULTS: Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed cervical stromal invasion (OR = 3.441, 95% CI = 1.558-7.6, p = 0.002), myometrial invasion ≥1/2 (OR = 2.661, 95% CI = 1.327-5.337, p < 0.006), lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI) (OR = 4.118, 95% CI = 1.919-8.837, p < 0.001), positive peritoneal cytology (OR = 2.962, 95% CI = 1.344-6.530, p = 0.007), CA125 (OR = 1.002, 95% CI = 1-1.004, p = 0.026) were the independent risk factors for pelvic LNM. And myometrial invasion ≥1/2 (OR = 5.881, 95% CI = 2.056-16.427, p = 0.001), LVSI (OR = 4.962, 95% CI = 1.933-12.740, p = 0.001), adnexal (OR = 5.921, 95% CI = 2.003-17.502, p = 0.001) were the independent risk factors for para-aortic LNM. With the increase of independent risk factors, the rates of LNM were increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Cervical stromal invasion, myometrial invasion ≥1/2, LVSI, positive peritoneal cytology, and CA125 were risk factors for pelvic LNM. Myometrial invasion ≥1/2, LVSI and involvement of the adnexa were risk factors for para-aortic LNM which could provide a good basis to help predict which non-EEC patients are at higher risk for LNM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Excisão de Linfonodo , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia
20.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0295523, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497713

RESUMO

In this study, we first time sequenced and analyzed the 16S rRNA gene data of predator ladybird beetles Novius pumilus and globally distributed invasive pest Icerya aegyptiaca at different stages, and combined data with bacterial genome sequences in N. pumilus to explored the taxonomic distribution, alpha and beta diversity, differentially abundant bacteria, co-occurrence network, and putative functions of their microbial community. Our finding revealed that Candidatus Walczuchella, which exhibited a higher abundance in I. aegyptiaca, possessed several genes in essential amino acid biosynthesis and seemed to perform roles in providing nutrients to the host, similar to other obligate symbionts in scale insects. Lactococcus, Serratia, and Pseudomonas, more abundant in N. pumilus, were predicted to have genes related to hydrocarbon, fatty acids, and chitin degradation, which may assist their hosts in digesting the wax shell covering the scale insects. Notably, our result showed that Lactococcus had relatively higher abundances in adults and eggs compared to other stages in N. pumilus, indicating potential vertical transmission. Additionally, we found that Arsenophonus, known to influence sex ratios in whitefly and wasp, may also function in I. aegyptiaca, probably by influencing nutrient metabolism as it similarly had many genes corresponding to vitamin B and essential amino acid biosynthesis. Also, we observed a potential horizontal transfer of Arsenophonus between the scale insect and its predator, with a relatively high abundance in the ladybirds compared to other bacteria from the scale insects.IMPORTANCEThe composition and dynamic changes of microbiome in different developmental stages of ladybird beetles Novius pumilus with its prey Icerya aegyptiaca were detected. We found that Candidatus Walczuchella, abundant in I. aegyptiaca, probably provide nutrients to their host based on their amino acid biosynthesis-related genes. Abundant symbionts in N. pumilus, including Lactococcus, Serratia, and Pseudophonus, may help the host digest the scale insects with their hydrocarbon, fatty acid, and chitin degrading-related genes. A key endosymbiont Arsenophonus may play potential roles in the nutrient metabolisms and sex determination in I. aegyptiaca, and is possibly transferred from the scale insect to the predator.

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