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1.
Eur J Med Chem ; 249: 115140, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736154

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been confirmed as one of the most lethal heterogeneous clonal diseases. In addition to being essential for the development and progression of leukemia, leukemic stem cells (LSCs), a subpopulation of leukemia cells with stem cell characteristics, are also primarily responsible for the development of leukemia relapse and drug resistance. Elimination of stemness and induction of AML cell differentiation would become a promising and effective therapeutic strategy. In the present study, a novel class of HDACs/CDKs dual inhibitors was prepared and optimized. An active compound 33a has been identified, which exhibited potent and selective inhibition of CDK9, CDK12, CDK13, HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 at low nanomolar concentrations and significantly induced differentiation of leukemic stem-like cells and inhibited AML proliferation. Furthermore, the lead compound has relatively adequate oral bioavailability, suggesting that it might be used as a novel strategy to reduce the burden of LSCs and improve the prognosis for AML.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737409

RESUMO

The green revolution in plastics should be accelerated due to growing sustainability concerns. Here, we develop a series of chemically recyclable polymers from the first reported cascade polymerization of H2O, COS, and diacrylates. In addition to abundant feedstocks, the method is efficient and air-tolerant, uses common organic bases as catalysts, and yields polymers with high molecular weights under mild conditions. Such polymers, structurally like polyethylene with low-density in-chain polar groups, manifest impressive toughness and ductility comparable to high-density polyethylene. The in-chain ester group acts as a breaking point, enabling these polymers to undergo chemical recycling through two loops. The structures and properties of these polymers also have an immeasurably expanded range owing to the versatility of our method. The readily available raw materials, facile synthesis, and high performance make these polymers promising prospects as sustainable materials in practice.

3.
J Pineal Res ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732085

RESUMO

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) refers to chronic injury of the cervical cord caused by cervical intervertebral disc degeneration. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is essential to counteract neuronal apoptosis. ER stress, an integral part of ER homeostasis, was observed in a rat model of chronic cervical cord compression in our previous study. However, the correlation between ER homeostasis and CSM remains unknown. The antioxidant melatonin is known to exert therapeutic effects in acute spinal cord injury, but the specific effects and their potential mechanisms in the pathological processes of CSM require further exploration. The present study hypothesized that ER homeostasis is essential for neuronal apoptosis in the CSM and that melatonin maintains this homeostasis. The results showed that ER stress led to neuronal apoptosis in rats with chronic cervical cord compression. Conversely, melatonin attenuates PERK-eIF2α-CHOP, IRE1, and ATF6 signaling pathways to release ER stress and prevents Bax translocation to the mitochondrion, thereby promoting motor recovery and protecting neurons in vivo. It also rescued primary rat cortical neurons from ER stress-induced glutamate toxicity in vitro. Moreover, melatonin remodels the ER morphology and restores homeostasis via ER-phagy in injured neurons. FAM134B, CCPG1, RTN3, and Sec. 62 are four known ER-phagy receptors. In this study, Sec. 62 was identified as a key melatonin factor in promoting ER-phagy and restoring ER homeostasis in damaged neurons in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, melatonin suppresses neuronal apoptosis by reducing ER stress and promoting ER-phagy to restore ER morphology and homeostasis. The current results suggested that melatonin is a promising treatment for CSM owing to its restorative effect on ER homeostasis; however, well-designed randomized controlled trials must be carried out to further investigate its clinical effects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Analyst ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36728941

RESUMO

Cell-imprinted polymers (CIPs) for yeasts were fabricated via metal-free visible-light-induced atom transfer radical polymerization (MVL ATRP) on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) which had been modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)/MXene (Ti3C2Tx) composites. Here, the AuNPs/Ti3C2Tx composites form a macroporous structure, which could improve the electron transfer rate of the materials and facilitate the leaving or rebinding of cells. Methacrylic acid (MAA) and N,N'-methylene bis-acrylamide (MBA) were selected as the functional monomer and cross-linker of CIPs, because they could form efficient hydrogen bonding with mannan from yeast cell walls. The obtained electrode (CIPs/AuNPs/Ti3C2Tx/GCE) was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Further experiments indicated that the CIPs/AuNPs/Ti3C2Tx/GCE electrode could be utilized as an electrochemical biosensor to determine yeast cells by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The linear response range was 1.0 × 102 to 1.0 × 109 cells per mL and the detection limit was 20 cells per mL (S/N = 3). The CIPs/AuNPs/Ti3C2Tx/GCE electrode also showed good selectivity, repeatability, reproducibility, and regeneration. Finally, the proposed sensor was used to detect yeast cells in commercial samples of Saccharomyces boulardii sachets by a standard addition method. The obtained recovery was from 96.9 to 104.8% showing its potential applications in clinical and diagnostic research.

5.
Biomacromolecules ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723425

RESUMO

Antibiotic multiresistance (AMR) has emerged as a major threat to human health as millions of people die from AMR-related problems every year. As has been witnessed during the global COVID-19 pandemic, the significantly increased demand for antibiotics has aggravated the issue of AMR. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find ways to alleviate it. Tetrahedral framework nucleic acids (tFNAs) are novel nanomaterials that are often used as drug delivery platforms because of their structural diversity. This study formed a tFNAs-antibiotic compound (TAC) which has a strong growth inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in vitro owing to the increased absorption of antibiotics by bacteria and improved drug movement across cell membranes. We established a mouse model of systemic peritonitis and local wound infections. The TAC exhibited good biosafety and improved the survival rate of severely infected mice, promoting the healing of local infections. In addition to the better transport of antibiotics to the target, the TAC may also enhance immunity by regulating the differentiation of M1 and M2 macrophages, providing a new option for the treatment of infections.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688813

RESUMO

Biological channels in the cell membrane play a critical role in the regulation of signal transduction and transmembrane transport. Researchers have been committed to building biomimetic nanochannels to imitate the above significant biological processes. Unlike the fragile feature of biological channels, numerous solid nanochannels have aroused extensive interests for their controllable chemical properties on the surface and superior mechanical properties. Surface functionalization has been confirmed to be vital to determine the properties of solid nanochannels. Macrocyclic hosts (e.g., the crown ethers, cyclodextrins, calix[n]arenes, cucurbit[n]urils, pillar[n]arenes, and trianglamine) can be tailored to the interior surface of the nanochannels with the performance of stimuli response and separation. Macrocycles have good reversibility and high selectivity toward specific ions or molecules, promoting functionalies of solid nanochannels. Hence, the combination of macrocyclic hosts and solid nanochannels is conducive to taking both advantages and achieving applications in functional nanochannels (e.g., membranes separations, biosensors, and smart devices). In this review, the most recent advances in nanochannel membranes decorated by macrocyclic host-guest chemistry are briefed. A variety of macrocyclic hosts-based responsive nanochannels are organized (e.g., the physical stimuli and specific molecules or ions stimuli) and nanochannels are separated (e.g., water purifications, enantimerseparations, and organic solvent nanofiltration), respectively. Hopefully, this review can enlighten on how to effectively build functional nanochannels and facilitate their practical applications in membrane separations.

7.
Small ; : e2207947, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651008

RESUMO

The interfacial effect is widely used to optimize the properties of ferroelectric nanocomposites, however, there is still a lack of direct evidence to understand its underlying mechanisms limited by the nano size and complex structures. Here, taking piezoelectricity, for example, the mechanism of interfacial polarization in barium titanate/poly(vinylidene fluoride-ran-trifluoroethylene) (BTO/P(VDF-TrFE)) nanocomposite is revealed at multiple scales by combining Kelvin probe force microscope (KPFM) with theoretical stimulation. The results prove that the mismatch of permittivity between matrix and filler leads to the accumulation of charges, which in turn induces local polarization in the interfacial region, and thus can promote piezoelectricity independently. Furthermore, the strategy of interfacial polarization to enhance piezoelectricity is extended and validated in other two similar nanocomposites. This work uncovers the mechanism of interfacial polarization and paves newfangled insights to boost performances in ferroelectric nanocomposites.

8.
Bioorg Chem ; 132: 106376, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706531

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening disease that is generally attributable to an uncontrolled inflammatory response in the lung, but there is a lack of effective treatments. At present, regulating the inflammatory response has become an important strategy for treating ALI. In the present study, LK2(6)A(L), a peptide derived from the natural antimicrobial peptide temporin-1CEa, inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and NO in RAW264.7 cells. Herein, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of LK2(6)A(L) was investigated. The RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) results showed that LK2(6)A(L) significantly inhibited the TLR4-mediated NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. The results of co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), pull-down experiment, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) suggested that MD2 was the direct target of LK2(6)A(L). Chemical inhibition of MD2 and its knockdown abolished the anti-inflammatory effect of LK2(6)A(L). Molecular dynamic simulation indicated that LK2(6)A(L) could bind to the active domain of the MD2 hydrophobic pocket via six hydrogen bonds. The truncated peptides were designed based on analysis of the molecular docking of LK2(6)A(L) to MD2. The truncated peptide IS-7 showed strong affinity to MD2 and a remarkable inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory factors that was comparable to the effect of LK2(6)A(L). Finally, LK2(6)A(L) and IS-7 relieved inflammatory symptoms and lung tissue destruction in the ALI mouse model. Overall, our study suggested that LK2(6)A(L) showed promising anti-inflammatory activity by targeting MD2, and the amino acid domain 7-13 was an important area that binds with MD2 and also an anti-inflammatory active region. LK2(6)A(L) and IS-7 may be potential new treatments for ALI and other acute inflammatory diseases.

9.
Heliyon ; 9(1): e12933, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36699261

RESUMO

Digital lock-in detection technique is commonly used to measure the amplitude and phase of a selected frequency signal. The technique which uses a square wave as the reference signal has an advantage of easier implementation and higher computational efficiency compared to that uses a sine wave. However, one constraint for a square wave reference digital lock-in is that the sampling rate must be the integral multiple of 4 of all the signal frequencies. As the sampling clock may not always be able to set to the integral multiple of 4 of the signal frequencies, the constraint brings inconvenient for the implementation. Presented in this paper is a novel algorithm for square wave digital lock-in detection in which the sampling frequency doesn't have to meet the constraint. The algorithm allows frequency sweep measurements with a fixed sampling rate. For different relationships between the sampling rate and the signal frequency, different calculation equations are provided in this paper. Simulations and actual experiments show the feasibility of the proposed algorithm.

10.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 18(1): 18, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare bone diseases (RBDs) are a set of inherited rare diseases that can cause disability and have a devastating impact on families affected, which may lead to a particular high prevalence of psychological disorders in patients and caregivers. Social support plays a role in the well-being of families with rare disease patients, but its effect on psychology of RBD families remains unclear. The purpose of the current cross-sectional quantitative study was to investigate the frequency of depression and anxiety, and their relationship with social support among RBD patients and family caregivers. RESULTS: A total of 196 participants responded to the questionnaire, including 72 patients and 124 caregivers. Depression was detected among 33.8% of patients and 57% of caregivers, and anxiety disorder was presented in 28.6% of patients and 50% of caregivers. Higher depression scores and anxiety scores were found in both patients and caregivers with an education level of ≤ middle school and monthly income of ≤ ï¿¥2000 (all P < 0.05). The mean (SD) scores of Social Support Rating Scales in patients and caregivers were 37.06 (8.05) and 38.31 (5.76), respectively. After adjusting for gender, age, monthly income, education, employment and marital status, the reverse associations between depression scores, anxiety scores and social support were found merely in caregivers (depression & social support: ß = - 0. 46, P < 0.001, anxiety & social support: ß = - 0. 44, P < 0.001), specifically for subjective support (depression & subjective support: ß = - 0.94, P < 0.001, anxiety & subjective support: ß = - 0.87, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The study identified a high prevalence of depression and anxiety among RBD patients and caregivers, and pointed out the significance of social support in alleviating psychological distress. In order to provide RBD families with comprehensive assistance, the government should actively develop programs aimed at psychological aid, policy advocacy and tangible support.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas , Cuidadores , Humanos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Doenças Raras , Depressão/etiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Transl Med ; 21(1): 44, 2023 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressed associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer and HER2 has been defined as a therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment. We aimed to explore the molecular biological information in ultrasound radiomic features (URFs) of HER2-positive breast cancer using radiogenomic analysis. Moreover, a radiomics model was developed to predict the status of HER2 in breast cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included 489 patients who were diagnosed with breast cancer. URFs were extracted from a radiomics analysis set using PyRadiomics. The correlations between differential URFs and HER2-related genes were calculated using Pearson correlation analysis. Functional enrichment of the identified URFs-correlated HER2 positive-specific genes was performed. Lastly, the radiomics model was developed based on the URF-module mined from auxiliary differential URFs to assess the HER2 status of breast cancer. RESULTS: Eight differential URFs (p < 0.05) were identified among the 86 URFs extracted by Pyradiomics. 25 genes that were found to be the most closely associated with URFs. Then, the relevant biological functions of each differential URF were obtained through functional enrichment analysis. Among them, Zone Entropy is related to immune cell activity, which regulate the generation of calcification in breast cancer. The radiomics model based on the Logistic classifier and URF-module showed good discriminative ability (AUC = 0.80, 95% CI). CONCLUSION: We searched for the URFs of HER2-positive breast cancer, and explored the underlying genes and biological functions of these URFs. Furthermore, the radiomics model based on the Logistic classifier and URF-module relatively accurately predicted the HER2 status in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Genômica por Imageamento , Receptor ErbB-2 , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo
12.
J Med Internet Res ; 25: e38184, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health recommender systems (HRSs) are information retrieval systems that provide users with relevant items according to the users' needs, which can motivate and engage users to change their behavior. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the development and evaluation of HRSs and create an evidence map. METHODS: A total of 6 databases were searched to identify HRSs reported in studies from inception up to June 30, 2022, followed by forward citation and grey literature searches. Titles, abstracts, and full texts were screened independently by 2 reviewers, with discrepancies resolved by a third reviewer, when necessary. Data extraction was performed by one reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. This review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) statement. RESULTS: A total of 51 studies were included for data extraction. Recommender systems were used across different health domains, such as general health promotion, lifestyle, and generic health service. A total of 23 studies had reported the use of a combination of recommender techniques, classified as hybrid recommender systems, which are the most commonly used recommender techniques in HRSs. In the HRS design stage, only 10 of 51 (19.6%) recommender systems considered personal preferences of end users in the design or development of the system; a total of 29 studies reported the user interface of HRSs, and most HRSs worked on users' mobile interfaces, usually a mobile app. Two categories of HRS evaluations were used, and evaluations of HRSs varied greatly; 62.7% (32/51) of the studies used the offline evaluations using computational methods (no user), and 33.3% (17/51) of the studies included end users in their HRS evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Through this scoping review, nonmedical professionals and policy makers can visualize and better understand HRSs for future studies. The health care professionals and the end users should be encouraged to participate in the future design and development of HRSs to optimize their utility and successful implementation. Detailed evaluations of HRSs in a user-centered approach are needed in future studies.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos
13.
Environ Pollut ; 322: 121164, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720336

RESUMO

The behavior of pesticide particles or droplets might significantly influence their environmental risks. However, studies on the risk of different pesticide formulations in aqueous environments have rarely been reported. In this study, we prepared three types of pyraclostrobin formulations to evaluate their behavior in the aqueous environment and toxicological risks to zebrafish. The results showed that pyraclostrobin emulsifiable concentrate (EC) sank faster in water with increasing hydrophilicity and density of the solvent. The particles also sank faster with increasing particle size and particle density for suspension concentrate (SC) and microcapsules (MCs). Diverse behavior in water results in different temporal and spatial distributions of the active ingredient. EC-EGDA, SC-5 µm, CS-Large and EC-MO sink or float over time, therefore reducing the effective dose suspended in water. Lower toxicological risks of the pesticides were also observed by reducing the enrichment of pyraclostrobin in zebrafish. In addition to the direct toxicity of the active ingredient, the type of pesticide formulations and their specific compositions might also influence the integrated toxicity. The environmental behavior of pesticide formulations should also be considered for their systematic assessment of environmental risks to ensure the scientific application of pesticides in different scenarios.

14.
ACS Cent Sci ; 9(1): 64-71, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36712492

RESUMO

Nitrogen stereocenters are common chiral units in natural products, pharmaceuticals, and chiral catalysts. However, their research has lagged largely behind, compared with carbon stereocenters and other heteroatom stereocenters. Herein, we report an efficient method for the catalytic asymmetric synthesis of Tröger's base analogues with nitrogen stereocenters via palladium catalysis and home-developed GF-Phos. It allows rapid construction of a new rigid cleft-like structure with both a C- and a N-stereogenic center in high efficiency and selectivity. A variety of applications as a chiral organocatalyst and metallic catalyst precursors were demonstrated. Furthermore, DFT calculations suggest that the NH···O hydrogen bonding and weak interaction between the substrate and ligand are crucial for the excellent enantioselectivity control.

15.
Mol Biochem Parasitol ; 253: 111544, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641059

RESUMO

Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an unique member of the heat shock protein family, being involved in parasite infections. To cope with harsh environments where parasites live, HSP60s are indispensable and involved in a variety of biological processes. HSP60s have relative low similarity among parasites, but their ATPase /Mg2+ active sites are highly conserved. The interactions of HSP60s with signaling pathway regulators in immune cells suggest a crucial role in immune responses, rendering them a potential therapeutic target. This paper reviews the current understandings of HSP60s in parasitic helminths in aspects of molecular characteristics, immunoregulatory responses and HSP60-based therapeutics.

16.
Clin Immunol ; 247: 109234, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649749

RESUMO

Obesity is a complicated metabolic disease characterized by meta-inflammation in adipose tissues. In this study, we explored the roles of a new long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), HEM2ATM, which is highly expressed in adipose tissue M2 macrophages, in modulating obesity-associated meta-inflammation and insulin resistance. HEM2ATM expression decreased significantly in adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) obtained from epididymal adipose tissues of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Overexpression of macrophage HEM2ATM improved meta-inflammation and insulin resistance in the adipose tissues of HFD-fed mice. Functionally, HEM2ATM negatively regulated the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in macrophages. Mechanistically, HEM2ATM bound to heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (hnRNP U), suppressed hnRNP U translocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, hindered the function of cytoplasmic hnRNP U on TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA stabilization, and decreased the secretion of TNF-α and IL-6. Collectively, HEM2ATM is a novel suppressor of obesity-associated meta-inflammation and insulin resistance.

17.
Synth Syst Biotechnol ; 8(1): 107-113, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36605705

RESUMO

Terpenoids constitute the largest class of natural products with complex structures, essential functions, and versatile applications. Creation of new building blocks beyond the conventional five-carbon (C5) units, dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) and isopentenyl diphosphate, expands significantly the chemical space of terpenoids. Structure-guided engineering of an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent geranyl diphosphate (GPP) C2-methyltransferase from Streptomyces coelicolor yielded variants converting DMAPP to a new C6 unit, 2-methyl-DMAPP. Mutation of the Gly residue at the position 202 resulted in a smaller substrate-binding pocket to fit DMAPP instead of its native substrate GPP. Replacement of Phe residue at the position 222 with a Tyr residue contributed to DMAPP binding via hydrogen bond. Furthermore, using Escherichia coli as the chassis, we demonstrated that 2-methyl-DMAPP was accepted as a start unit to generate noncanonical trans- and cis-prenyl diphosphates (C5n+1) and terpenoids. This work provides insights into substrate recognition of prenyl diphosphate methyltransferases, and strategies to diversify terpenoids by expanding the building block portfolio.

18.
Int J Womens Health ; 15: 7-23, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36636514

RESUMO

Background: Grade III meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is a common obstetric disease, and has the greatest impact on poor maternal and neonatal outcomes. Question or Hypothesis or Aim: There is no consensus on treatment, especially on the timing of delivery. Methods: We collected the medical records of 345 women who gave birth with grade III MSAF and analyzed the difference in baseline characteristics and maternal and neonatal outcomes relative to different labor stage, observation times in the first stage of labor, and the presence or absence of abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR) or thick amniotic fluid. Findings: Higher rate of cesarean section was observed when grade III MSAF was found in active labor. Intervention occurred at an observation time of 90-120 min, but there were no significant differences in maternal or neonatal outcomes shown when the observation time was greater than 3 or 4 hours. However, a higher rate of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit was demonstrated in cases with grade III MSAF with abnormal FHR either in the first or second stage of labor or in cases with thick MSAF in the second stage of labor. Discussion: Higher rate of composite adverse neonatal outcomes was found when secondary MSAF (a transition from clear AF to MSAF) was diagnosed >3 h before delivery. Conclusion: In the first stage of labor, an observation time of greater than 4 hours might be possible after grade III MSAF is found if the labor has progressed and is without abnormal FHR.

19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 15(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672292

RESUMO

(1) Background: Perturbation of immune-related pathways can make substantial contributions to cancer. However, whether and how the aging process affects immune-related pathways during tumorigenesis remains largely unexplored. (2) Methods: Here, we comprehensively investigated the immune-related genes and pathways among 25 cancer types using genomic and transcriptomic data. (3) Results: We identified several pathways that showed aging-related characteristics in various cancers, further validated by conventional aging-related gene sets. Genomic analysis revealed high mutation burdens in cytokines and cytokines receptors pathways, which were strongly correlated with aging in diverse cancers. Moreover, immune-related pathways were found to be favorable prognostic factors in melanoma. Furthermore, the expression level of these pathways had close associations with patient response to immune checkpoint blockade therapy in melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer. Applying a net-work-based method, we predicted immune- and aging-related genes in pan-cancer and utilized these genes for potential immunotherapy drug discovery. Mapping drug target data to our top-ranked genes identified potential drug targets, FYN, JUN, and SRC. (4) Conclusions: Taken together, our systematic study helped interpret the associations among immune-related pathways, aging, and cancer and could serve as a resource for promoting clinical treatment.

20.
Chempluschem ; 88(1): e202200423, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680301

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) MXene has aroused wide attention for its excellent physical and chemical properties. The interlayer engineering formed by layer-by-layer stacking of MXene nanosheets can be employed for molecular sieving and water purification by incorporating specific groups onto the exterior surface of MXene. Macrocyclic hosts exhibiting unique structural features and recognition ability can construct smart devices for external stimuli with reversible features between macrocycles and guests. On that basis, macrocyclic hosts can be anchored to MXene to provide numerous insights into their compositions and intercalation states. In this review, the MXene prepared based on macrocyclic hosts from molecular design to applications is highlighted. Various MXenes functionalized with macrocyclic hosts are empowered in functional membrane (including water purification, organic solvent nanofiltration, and electromagnetic shielding), photocatalysis, sensing, and adsorption (interactions with specific guest). Hopefully, this review can bring new inspiration to the design of multifunctional MXene-based materials and improving its practical applications.


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