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1.
Reprod Sci ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016798

RESUMO

Androgen is known to regulate microRNA-135a (miR-135a) and can be regulated by androgen, suggesting that it may contribute to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with hyperandrogenism. However, its roles and mechanisms of action in PCOS are unknown. In this study, the role and molecular mechanisms underlying miR-135a in granulosa cells (GCs) in PCOS were evaluated. miR-135a expression was upregulated in patients with PCOS and in GCs isolated from patients compared with that in the respective controls (P < 0.01), as determined by RT-qPCR. The overexpression of miR-135a inhibited GC proliferation and induced GC apoptosis, as observed by CCK-8 assay and apoptosis assay. Furthermore, miR-135a overexpression increased the expression of double-strand break maker, γH2AX, as confirmed by western blotting. Our results further suggest that these effects were mediated via downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC), which was identified as a direct target of miR-135a. Moreover, levels of VEGFC and miR-135a expression showed a negative correlation. These findings indicate that miR-135a promotes apoptosis and the DNA damage response in GCs in PCOS, likely via VEGFC signaling. This study provides novel insights into GC dysregulation in PCOS and suggests that miR-135a is a promising therapeutic target for PCOS treatment.

2.
EBioMedicine ; 52: 102635, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ovulatory dysfunction mechanisms underlying polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are not completely understood. There is no effective therapy for PCOS so far. METHODS: We measured the expression of four and a half LIM domain 2 (FHL2) and other related-genes in human granulosa cells (hGCs) from patients with and without PCOS. To minimise the heterogeneity of patients with PCOS, we only included PCOS patients meeting all three criteria according to the revised Rotterdam consensus. The in vitro effects of FHL2 on ovulatory genes and the underlying mechanisms were examined in KGN cells. The role of FHL2 in ovulation was investigated in vivo by overexpressing FHL2 in rat ovaries via intrabursal lentivirus injection. FINDINGS: Increased FHL2 and androgen receptor (AR) expression and decreased CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ß (C/EBPß) expression were observed in hGCs from patients with PCOS. FHL2 inhibited the expression of ovulation-related genes, including phosphorylated ERK1/2, C/EBPß, COX2 and HAS2 in KGN cells. It was partially by interacting with AR to act as its co-regulator to inhibit C/EBPß expression and by binding to ERK1/2 to inhibit its phosphorylation. Moreover, FHL2 abundance in hGCs was positively correlated with the basal serum testosterone concentration of patients with PCOS, and dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced FHL2 upregulation was mediated by AR signalling in KGN cells. Additionally, lentiviral-mediated functional FHL2 overexpression in rat ovaries for 1 week contributed to an impaired superovulatory response, displaying decreased numbers of retrieved oocytes and a lower MII oocyte rate. 3-week FHL2 overexpression rat models without superovulation led to acyclicity and polycystic ovary morphology. INTERPRETATION: Our findings provide novel insights into the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of PCOS, suggesting that FHL2 could be a potential treatment target for ovulatory obstacles in PCOS. FUND: National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health project and Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology.

3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901223

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for ~40% of lung cancer cases, and the 5-year relative survival rate is no more than 1%. Dysregulation of components of striatin-interacting phosphatase and kinase (STRIPAK) complexes is associated with various diseases, including cancer. Striatin-interacting protein 2 (STRIP2), also called Fam40b, has been reported to regulate tumor cell growth and migration. Here, we investigated the role of STRIP2 in LUAD growth, migration and the underlying mechanisms. Analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed that STRIP2 is highly expressed and predicted poor outcomes in patients with LUAD. Moreover, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the mRNA expression of STRIP2 is greater in all tested LUAD cells than in a normal lung cell line. To investigate the function of STRIP2, we overexpressed STRIP2 in SPC-A1 cells and depleted STRIP2 in Calu-3 cells. Cell proliferation was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony-forming assays, and Transwell assay was employed to test cell invasion and migration. Our results indicate that STRIP2 depletion suppressed cell proliferation, invasion and migration in Calu-3 cells, and overexpression of STRIP2 had the opposite effects in SPC-A1 cells. Moreover, we discovered that STRIP2 depletion reduced the protein levels of p-Akt and phosphorylated-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) in Calu-3 cells, whereas STRIP2 overexpression increased levels of these proteins in SPC-A1 cells. Furthermore, we found that silencing of STRIP2 clearly enhanced protein levels of E-cadherin and reduced levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in Calu-3 cells, whereas overexpression of STRIP2 had the opposite effect in SPC-A1 cells. Our data indicate that STRIP2 promotes the proliferation and motility of LUAD cells, and this may be mediated through the regulation of the Akt/mTOR pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. These results may facilitate the development of therapeutic strategies to treat LUAD.

4.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-5, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902257

RESUMO

Our previous study have demonstrated the elevated cortisol concentration in the follicular fluid (FF) contributed to the insulin resistance of the granulosa cells (GCs) in PCOS, but the complicated cortisol generation mechanisms are still unknown. 11ß-hydroxysteroid type 1(11ß-HSD1) mainly functions as reductase in intact cells, converting cortisone to cortisol. Cortisol and IL-1ß are known to induce 11ß-HSD1 in number of tissues, but few results were obtained in ovarian GCs In this study, FF and GCs from PCOS and non-PCOS patients were collected to study the interaction of cortisol and IL-1ß in 11ß-HSD1 expression. The ELISA and qRT-PCR revealed that the cortisol and IL-1ß concentration in FF and 11ß-HSD1 abundance in GCs were elevated in PCOS patients. By using cultured GCs in vitro, we demonstrated that both cortisol and IL-1ß could stimulate 11ß-HSD1 expression. The induction of 11ß-HSD1 by IL-1ß was further inducted by cortisol, whereas the induction of IL-1ß and IL-6 expression by IL-1ß was completely inhibited by cortisol. In conclusion, cortisol and IL-1ß preformed a synergistically upregulation of 11ß-HSD1 expression in GCs, contributing to the accumulation of cortisol in FF of PCOS patients. This may lead to the metabolic disorders of the ovary.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 26, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that miR-93-5p and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Cancer Susceptibility 2 (CASC2) play opposite roles in regulating chondrocyte apoptosis, indicating the possible interaction between them. This study aimed to investigate the interaction between miR-93-5p and lncRNA CASC2 in chondrocyte apoptosis, which plays critical roles in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: The interaction between CASC2 and miR-93-5p was analyzed by dual luciferase assay and overexpression experiments. Levels of CASC2 and miR-93-5p in plasma sample from OA patients and healthy controls were measured by RT-qPCR. The roles of CASC2 and miR-93-5p in regulating the apoptosis of chondrocyte induced by LPS were analyzed by cell apoptosis assay. RESULTS: Through bioinformatics analysis we observed the potential interaction between CASC2 and miR-93-5p, which was confirmed by dual luciferase assay. In OA patients, miR-93-5p was downregulated, while CASC2 was upregulated, and they were inversely correlated. LPS treatment led to downregulated miR-93-5p and upregulated CASC2. Overexpression of miR-93-5p led to the downregulated CASC2 in chondrocytes. Under LPS treatment, CASC2 overexpression promoted the apoptosis of chondrocyte. MiR-93-5p overexpression played an opposite role and attenuated the effects of CASC2 overexpression. CONCLUSION: MiR-93-5p was downregulated in OA may inhibit LPS-induced chondrocyte apoptosis by targeting lncRNA CASC2.

6.
ACS Infect Dis ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922723

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria have emerged quickly and have caused serious nosocomial infections. It is urgent to develop novel antimicrobial agents for treating MDR bacterial infections. In this study, we isolated 45 strains of bacteria from hospital patients and found shockingly that most of these strains were MDR to antimicrobial drugs. This inspired us to explore antimicrobial peptide polymers as synthetic mimics of host defense peptides in combating drug-resistant bacteria and the formidable antimicrobial challenge. We found that peptide polymer 80:20 DM:Bu (where DM is a hydrophilic/cationic subunit and Bu is a hydrophobic subunit) displayed fast bacterial killing, broad spectrum, and potent activity against clinically isolated strains of MDR bacteria. Moreover, peptide polymer 80:20 DM:Bu displayed potent in vivo antibacterial efficacy, comparable to the performance of polymyxin B, in a Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infected rat full-thickness wound model. The peptide polymer can be easily synthesized from ring-opening polymerization with remarkable reproducibility in structural properties and biological activities. The peptide polymer's potent and broad spectrum antimicrobial activities against MDR bacteria in vitro and in vivo, resistance to proteolysis, and high structural diversity altogether imply a great potential of peptide polymer 80:20 DM:Bu in antimicrobial applications as synthetic mimics of host defense peptides.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1907288, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977113

RESUMO

In a modern electronics system, charge-coupled devices and data storage devices are the two most indispensable components. Although there has been rapid and independent progress in their development during the last three decades, a cofunctionality of both sensing and memory at single-unit level is yet premature for flexible electronics. For wearable electronics that work in ultralow power conditions and involve strains, conventional sensing-and-memory systems suffer from low sensitivity and are not able to directly transform sensed information into sufficient memory. Here, a new transformative device is demonstrated, which is called "sen-memory", that exhibits the dual functionality of sensing and memory in a monolithic integrated circuit. The active channel of the device is formed by a carbon nanotube thin film and the floating gate is formed by a controllably oxidized aluminum nanoparticle array for electrical- and optical-programming. The device exhibits a high on-off current ratio of ≈106 , a long-term retention of ≈108 s, and durable flexibility at a bending strain of 0.4%. It is shown that the device senses a photogenerated pattern in seconds at zero bias and memorizes an image for a couple of years.

9.
Biomater Sci ; 8(2): 739-745, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782423

RESUMO

Multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa has caused serious nosocomial infections owing to its high intrinsic resistance and ease of acquiring resistance to common antibiotics. There is an urgent need to develop antimicrobial agents against MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here we report a 27-mer peptide polymer 90 : 10 DLL : BLG, as a synthetic mimic of a host defense peptide, that displayed potent in vitro and in vivo activities against multiple strains of clinically isolated MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa, performing even better than antibiotics within our study. This peptide polymer also showed negligible hemolysis and low cytotoxicity, as well as quick bacterial killing efficacy. The structural diversity of peptide polymers, their easy synthesis from lithium hexamethyldisilazide-initiated fast N-carboxyanhydride polymerization, and the excellent reproducibility of their chemical structure and biological profiles altogether suggested great potential for antimicrobial applications of peptide polymers as synthetic mimics of host defense peptides.

10.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823616

RESUMO

Hexafluoroisopropanol has been demonstrated as the versatile promoter for redox-neutral α-C(sp3)-H functionalization of cyclic amines via the cascade [1,5]-hydride transfer/cyclization strategy. A wide range of cyclic amines are functionalized into bioactive tetrahydroquinolines, quinazolines, benzoxazines, and benzotriazepines in moderate to excellent yields. This protocol features additive-free conditions, operational simplicity, and wide substrate scope.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(1): 1076-1086, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755174

RESUMO

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) displays well-documented anti-inflammatory effects, but its effects on osteoblast differentiation have not been investigated. In this study, we found IL-10 negatively regulates microRNA-7025-5p (miR-7025-5p), the down-regulation of which enhances osteoblast differentiation. Furthermore, through luciferase reporter assays, we found evidence that insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a miR-7025-5p target gene that positively regulates osteoblast differentiation. In vivo studies indicated that the pre-injection of IL-10 leads to increased bone formation, while agomiR-7025-5p injection delays fracture healing. Taken together, these results indicate that IL-10 induces osteoblast differentiation via regulation of the miR-7025-5p/IGF1R axis. IL-10 therefore represents a promising therapeutic strategy to promote fracture healing.

12.
Food Chem ; 310: 125941, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835227

RESUMO

To interpret the enzymatic modulation of the dynamic changes of small molecules in tea leaves during oolong tea manufacturing process, the metabolomic and proteomic studies were performed using processed leaf samples collected at the different manufacturing stages and non-processed fresh leaves as control. As a result, a total of 782 metabolites were identified, of which 46, as the biomarkers, were significantly changed over the manufacturing process. Totally 7245 proteins were qualitatively and quantitativelydetermined. The abundance of multiple enzymes including phenylalanine ammonia lyase, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase was positively associated with the dynamic changes of their corresponding catalytic products. The overall protein-metabolite association analysis showed that over the enzymatic-catalyzed process production of some non-volatile components, such like carbohydrates, amino acids and flavonoids, were related with the abundance of those responsible proteins in different extents and potentially contributed to the comprehensive flavor of oolong tea.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 146(6): 1606-1617, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310010

RESUMO

Using a method optimized in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we established patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models with an increased take rate (42.2%) and demonstrated that FBS +10% dimethyl sulfoxide exhibited the highest tumor take rate efficacy. Among 254 HCC patients, 103 stably transplantable xenograft lines that could be serially passaged, cryopreserved and revived were established. These lines maintained the diversity of HCC and the essential features of the original specimens at the histological, transcriptome, proteomic and genomic levels. Tumor engraftment was associated with lack of encapsulation, poor tumor differentiation, large size and overexpression of cancer stem cell biomarkers, and was an independent predictor for overall survival and tumor recurrence after resection. To confirm the preclinical value of the PDX model in HCC treatment, several antitumor agents were tested in 16 selected PDX models. The results revealed a high degree of pharmacologic heterogeneity in the cohort, as well as heterogeneity to different agents in the same individual. The sorafenib responses observed between HCC patients and the corresponding PDXs were also consistent. After molecular characterization of the PDX models, we explored the predictive markers for sorafenib response and found that mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1 (MAP3K1) might play an important role in sorafenib resistance and sorafenib response is impaired in patients with MAP3K1 downexpression. Our results indicated that PDX models could accurately reproduce patient tumors biology and could aid in the discovery of new treatments to advance in precision medicine.

14.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 183: 105096, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The retinal fundus contains intricate vascular trees, some of which are mutually intersected and overlapped. The intersection and overlapping of retinal vessels represent vascular junctions (i.e. bifurcation and crossover) in 2D retinal images. These junctions are important for analyzing vascular diseases and tracking the morphology of vessels. In this paper, we propose a two-stage pipeline to detect and classify the junction points. METHODS: In the detection stage, a RCNN-based Junction Proposal Network is utilized to search the potential bifurcation and crossover locations directly on color retinal images, which is followed by a Junction Refinement Network to eliminate the false detections. In the classification stage, the detected junction points are identified as crossover or bifurcation using the proposed Junction Classification Network that shares the same model structure with the refinement network. RESULTS: Our approach achieves 70% and 60% F1-score on DRIVE and IOSTAR dataset respectively which outperform the state-of-the-art methods by 4.5% and 1.7%, with a high and balanced precision and recall values. CONCLUSIONS: This paper proposes a new junction detection and classification method which performs directly on color retinal images without any vessel segmentation nor skeleton preprocessing. The superior performance demonstrates that the effectiveness of our approach.

15.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 33(1): 47-52, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851615

RESUMO

Background Hypermethioninemia is a group of diseases with elevated plasma methionine (Met) caused by hereditary and non-hereditary factors, although it could also be caused by administration of the amino acid Met. Among these, the disease caused by methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) I/III deficiency is the most common, and is characterized by persistent, isolated hypermethioninemia as well as slightly elevated homocysteine. S-adenosylmethionine is the product of Met, which can be used as a direct methyl donor of many substances, such as choline and nucleotide, and essential in the development of the body. Among the patients, most have no symptoms, and a small number have central nervous system complications with high levels of plasma Met, including mental retardation, cognitive impairment and special breathing odor. Methods In this study, five cases of MAT I/III deficiency were diagnosed and retrospectively analyzed among 220,000 newborns. Patients with high Met levels received a Met-restricted diet treatment. Results and conclusions MAT I/III deficiency is a common reason for Met elevation in neonatal screening by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), which needs long-term follow-up except for these patients with explicitly benign mutations.

16.
Immunobiology ; : 151870, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822433

RESUMO

Senescence is an inevitable and complicated phenomenon. Age-associated thymic involution increases the risk of infectious diseases, which results in the immunosenescence and leads to a poor immune function. d-galactose (d-gal) can cause damages that resemble accelerated aging in mice. Gallic acid (GA), as one of the natural phenolic compounds, has been demonstrated to act in antioxidant and anti-tumor effects. In this study, we explored the effects of GA in preventing the age-related thymic involution and the alterations of the forkhead box protein N1 (FoxN1) in d-gal induced accelerated aging mice. The accelerated aging mice model was established by intraperitoneal injection d-gal for eight weeks and given GA with 200, 250, 500 mg/kg body weight per day, respectively, for six weeks. It showed that the d-gal-treated mice developed structural changes in the thymi compared to normal control mice. With supplement of GA, the mice restored the normal thymic anatomy, including the thickening cortex compartment and clearer cortico-medullary junction. The d-gal-treated mice showed a severe reduction in the number of thymocytes, GA mice also displayed the increased numbers of CD4 + T cells through flow cytometric analysis. GA treatment increased the proliferative cells by BrdU incorporation assay and reduced the numbers of apoptotic cells with FITC-12-dUTP labeling (TUNEL). The expression of FoxN1 was also found increased in GA treated mice by immunohistochemistry and quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR). Taken together, our results suggested that the administration of GA opposed the involution of thymus via stimulation of FoxN1 expression and proliferation of cells in a dose-dependent manner.

17.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851528

RESUMO

Background: Arterial pressure volume index (API) and arterial velocity pulse index (AVI) contribute to the development of vascular damage and cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between common API/AVI trajectories and cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is unknown.Methods: A total of 488 consecutive hypertensive patients with HFpEF who repeatedly underwent API/AVI measurements were prospectively examined. We then applied API/AVI measurements into actual clinical practice. Latent mixture modeling was performed to identify API/AVI trajectories. Hazards ratios (HRs) were measured using Cox proportional hazard models.Results: We identified four distinct API/AVI trajectory patterns: low (7.6%), moderate (43.8%), high (28.9%), and very high (19.7%). Compared with the low group, higher API trajectories were associated with increased risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.97-4.26; very high group, adjusted HR: 2.46, 95%CI: 1.18-3.79). Consistently, higher AVI trajectories were also associated with a higher risk of total cardiovascular events (high group, adjusted HR: 2.58, 95%CI: 1.23-5.47; very high group, adjusted HR: 3.12, 95%CI: 1.83-6.08), compared with the low trajectory group.Conclusion: High API/AVI trajectories are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients with HFpEF. Among these patients, measuring API/AVI may improve risk stratification and provide additional information to tailor treatment strategies.

18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 5173-5181, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854587

RESUMO

As a potential soil conditioner, biochar plays an important role in alleviating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To clarify the influence of biochar on soil N2O emissions during the winter wheat seedling stage, four typical soils in the North China Plain (paddy soil, shajiang black soil, cinnamon soil, and fluvo-aquic soil) were adopted for field experiments, and four treatments were set:Control (CK), Fertilizer (NPK), Biochar (BC), and Fertilizer+Biochar (NPK+BC). The results showed that fertilization (NPK) significantly increased the N2O emissions of the four soils. Compared with that of the CK, the N2O emissions of four soils were increased by 314%, 116%, 240%, and 282%, respectively. The effect of biochar addition on N2O emissions of the four soils in the North China Plain was different. Compared with that of the CK treatment, the N2O emissions of paddy soil and cinnamon soil in the BC treatment significantly increased by 72.4% and 50.9%, respectively, whereas the shajiang black soil and fluvo-aquic soil exhibited no significant differences. The combined application of biochar and fertilizer significantly reduced the N2O emissions of the four soils, compared to that of NPK. The addition of biochar increased the pH of soil. In particular, paddy soil had the lowest initial pH and was most affected by biochar. Fertilization reduced the pH of the four soils. N2O flux under fertilizer treatment for the shajiang black soil, cinnamon soil, and fluvo-aquic soil was significantly positively correlated with ammonium nitrogen content, whereas N2O emission fluxes under single biochar treatment on paddy soil and shajiang black soil were significantly positively correlation with nitrate nitrogen content.

19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 45-51, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887410

RESUMO

Vibrio harveyi, a severe pathogen infects different kinds of sea animals, causes huge economic loss in aquaculture industry. In order to control the Vibriosis disease caused mainly by V. harveyi and other Vibrio spp., the best solution lies in developing corresponding efficient vaccines. In this study, we have cloned and analysed a putative antigen TssJ from the T6SS of V. harveyi, which has the potential as a vaccine against infection. The sequence analysis and western blotting experiments indicated that TssJ anchored in outer membrane and there were several antigenic determinants existed on its extracellular region. Two forms of universal vaccines, subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine, were developed based on TssJ and applied in Trachinotus ovatus. The results showed that both of the two vaccines could generate a moderate protection in fish against V. harveyi. The relative percentage survival (RPS) of subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine were 52.39% and 69.11%, respectively. Immunological analysis showed both subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine enhanced acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, superoxide dismutase, and lysozyme activities. Specific serum antibodies against TssJ in the fish vaccinated with subunit vaccine was much higher than that in the DNA vaccine group. Several immune-related genes, i.e., IL10, C3, MHC Iα, MHC IIα, and IgM, were induced both by the two forms of vaccines. TNFα and Mx were only upregulated in the DNA vaccine group. However, the induction levels of these genes induced by DNA vaccine were higher than subunit vaccine. All these findings suggested that TssJ from V. harveyi had a potential application value in vaccine industry.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(24): 11988-12001, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848327

RESUMO

Fracture healing is a complex process involving various cell types, cytokines, and mRNAs. Here, we report the roles of the circRNA AFF4/miR-7223-5p/PIK3R1 axis during fracture healing. We found that increased expression of PIK3R1 during fracture healing is directly associated with augmented proliferation and decreased apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, miR-7223-5p targeted PI3KR1 and inhibited MC3T3-E1 proliferation while promoting apoptosis. CircRNA AFF4 acted as a sponge of miR-7223-5p, thereby promoting MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis. Local injection of circRNA AFF4 into femoral fracture sites promoted fracture healing in vivo while the injection of miR-7223-5p delayed healing. These findings suggest that CircRNA AFF4 promotes fracture healing by targeting the miR-7223-5p/PIK3R1 axis, and suggests miR-7223-5p, CircRNA AFF4, and the miR-7223-5p/PIK3R1 axis are potential therapeutic targets for improving fracture healing.

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