Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 950
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 372: 131247, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627090

RESUMO

The effects of HHP and storage temperature on bacterial counts, color, fatty acids and flavor compounds of oysters Crassostrea ariakensis were investigated. Counts of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus decreased to undetectable levels in ≥ 400 MPa-treated oysters. Storage at -20 °C significantly restrained microbial growth compared to 4 °C (P < 0.05). L* values of HHP-treated oysters significantly increased compared to raw oysters (P < 0.05). Storage slightly affected the color according to total color difference (ΔE*) values. Fatty acid profiles and betaine contents in 400 and 600 MPa-treated oysters at 0 and 15 d were almost the same as raw samples. Contents of total free amino acids (FAAs), Na+ and Ca2+ were significantly higher in 400 and 600 MPa-treated oysters than those in raw oysters at 0 d (P < 0.05), while the opposite results were observed in 5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP), 5'-guanosine monophosphate (GMP), citric acid, succinic acid, K+ and PO43- (P < 0.05). At 400 and 600 MPa, FAAs significantly decreased after 15-d storage at 4 °C and -20 °C (P < 0.05), while no significant changes were observed in nucleotides, organic acids and inorganic ions.


Assuntos
Crassostrea , Ostreidae , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Carga Bacteriana , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Pressão Hidrostática , Paladar , Temperatura
2.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 738445, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745173

RESUMO

Aroma is an essential quality indicator of oolong tea, a tea derived from the Camellia sinensis L. plant. Carboxylic 6 (C6) acids and their derivative esters are important components of fatty acid (FA)-derived volatiles in oolong tea. However, the formation and regulation mechanism of C6 acid during postharvest processing of oolong tea remains unclear. To gain better insight into the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of C6 compounds in oolong tea, a combined analysis of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity, CsADH2 key gene expression, and the FA-derived metabolome during postharvest processing of oolong tea was performed for the first time, complemented by CsHIP (hypoxia-induced protein conserved region) gene expression analysis. Volatile fatty acid derivative (VFAD)-targeted metabolomics analysis using headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HS-SPEM-GC-TOF-MS) showed that the (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol content increased after each turnover, while the hexanoic acid content showed the opposite trend. The results further showed that both the ADH activity and CsADH gene expression level in oxygen-deficit-turnover tea leaves (ODT) were higher than those of oxygen-turnover tea leaves (OT). The C6-alcohol-derived ester content of OT was significantly higher than that of ODT, while C6-acid-derived ester content showed the opposite trend. Furthermore, the HIP gene family was screened and analyzed, showing that ODT treatment significantly promoted the upregulation of CsHIG4 and CsHIG6 gene expression. These results showed that the formation mechanism of oolong tea aroma quality is mediated by airflow in the lipoxygenase-hydroperoxide lyase (LOX-HPL) pathway, which provided a theoretical reference for future quality control in the postharvest processing of oolong tea.

3.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 10 Suppl 2: S31-S40, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724724

RESUMO

Brain degeneration and damage is difficult to cure due to the limited endogenous repair capability of the central nervous system. Furthermore, drug development for treatment of diseases of the central nervous system remains a major challenge. However, it now appears that using human pluripotent stem cell-derived neural cells to replace degenerating cells provides a promising cell-based medicine for rejuvenation of brain function. Accordingly, a large number of studies have carried out preclinical assessments, which have involved different neural cell types in several neurological diseases. Recent advances in animal models identify the transplantation of neural derivatives from pluripotent stem cells as a promising path toward the clinical application of cell therapies [Stem Cells Transl Med 2019;8:681-693; Drug Discov Today 2019;24:992-999; Nat Med 2019;25:1045-1053]. Some groups are moving toward clinical testing in humans. However, the difficulty in selection of valuable critical quality criteria for cell products and the lack of functional assays that could indicate suitability for clinical effect continue to hinder neural cell-based medicine development [Biologicals 2019;59:68-71]. In this review, we summarize the current status of preclinical studies progress in this area and outline the biological characteristics of neural cells that have been used in new developing clinical studies. We also discuss the requirements for translation of stem cell-derived neural cells in examples of stem cell-based clinical therapy.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 707584, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733236

RESUMO

The success rate of assisted reproduction techniques (ART) has long been less than satisfactory albeit the great progress made in recent years, demonstrating the need for alternative options in the ART cycles. Growing evidence correlates the effect of intrauterine platelet-rich plasma (PRP) infusion on the endometrium with reassuring reproductive results. Thus, in this review, we focus on the current clinical and mechanical evidence on PRP and its effect on endometrial receptivity, and assess the features, benefits and limitations of the current studies and potential risks of PRP in ART.

5.
Small ; : e2104229, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791802

RESUMO

The treatment of diabetic wounds remains a major challenge in clinical practice, with chronic wounds characterized by multiple drug-resistant bacterial infections, angiopathy, and oxidative damage to the microenvironment. Herein, a novel in situ injectable HA@MnO2 /FGF-2/Exos hydrogel is introduced for improving diabetic wound healing. Through a simple local injection, this hydrogel is able to form a protective barrier covering the wound, providing rapid hemostasis and long-term antibacterial protection. The MnO2 /ε-PL nanosheet is able to catalyze the excess H2 O2 produced in the wound, converting it to O2 , thus not only eliminating the harmful effects of H2 O2 but also providing O2 for wound healing. Moreover, the release of M2-derived Exosomes (M2 Exos) and FGF-2 growth factor stimulates angiogenesis and epithelization, respectively. These in vivo and in vitro results demonstrate accelerated healing of diabetic wounds with the use of the HA@MnO2 /FGF-2/Exos hydrogel, presenting a viable strategy for chronic diabetic wound repair.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797653

RESUMO

The immune system and skeletal system are closely linked. Macrophages are one of the most important immune cells for bone remodeling, playing a prohealing role mainly through M2 phenotype polarization. Baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone, BCL) has been well documented to have a noticeable promotion effect on M2 macrophage polarization. However, due to the limitations in targeted delivery to macrophages and the toxic effect on other organs, BCL has rarely been used in the treatment of bone fractures. In this study, we developed mesoporous silica and Fe3O4 composite-targeted nanoparticles loaded with BCL (BCL@MMSNPs-SS-CD-NW), which could be magnetically delivered to the fracture site. This induced macrophage recruitment in a targeted manner, polarizing them toward the M2 phenotype, which was demonstrated to induce mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) toward osteoblastic differentiation. The mesoporous silicon nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared with surface sulfhydrylation and amination modification, and the mesoporous channels were blocked with ß-cyclodextrin. The outer layer of the mesoporous silicon was added with an amantane-modified NW-targeting peptide to obtain the targeted nanosystem. After entering macrophages, BCL could be released from nanoparticles since the disulfide linker could be cleaved by intracellular glutathione (GSH), resulting in the removal of cyclodextrin (CD) gatekeeper, which is a key element in the pro-bone-remodeling functions such as anti-inflammation and induction of M2 macrophage polarization to facilitate osteogenic differentiation. This nanosystem passively accumulated in the fracture site, promoting osteogenic differentiation activities, highlighting a potent therapeutic benefit with high biosafety.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 719818, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805198

RESUMO

Purpose: Serum concentrations of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), a glycated homodimeric plasma transport protein, correlate positively with the total number of follicles in women with infertility. However, the relationship between serum SHBG concentrations and the ovarian response during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and whether this relationship differs between women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remains unclear. Methods: The study cohort included 120 participants (60 non-PCOS and 60 PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilization. Serum samples were collected from each participant every 2-3 days during the COH cycle. The concentrations of serum SHBG and other sex hormones were determined to investigate the relationship between serum SHBG concentrations and the ovarian response in women with and without PCOS. Results: We found that the serum SHBG concentration was positively correlated with the ovarian response in non-PCOS patients but not in PCOS patients. Conclusion: The serum SHBG concentration may be clinically useful as a predictor of the ovarian response during COH in patients without PCOS.

8.
N Engl J Med ; 385(22): 2047-2058, 2021 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Embryo selection with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) may improve pregnancy outcomes after initial embryo transfer. However, it remains uncertain whether PGT-A improves the cumulative live-birth rate as compared with conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, we randomly assigned subfertile women with three or more good-quality blastocysts to undergo either PGT-A or conventional IVF; all the women were between 20 and 37 years of age. Three blastocysts were screened by next-generation sequencing in the PGT-A group or were chosen by morphologic criteria in the conventional-IVF group and then were successively transferred one by one. The primary outcome was the cumulative live-birth rate after up to three embryo-transfer procedures within 1 year after randomization. We hypothesized that the use of PGT-A would result in a cumulative live-birth rate that was no more than 7 percentage points higher than the rate after conventional IVF, which would constitute the noninferiority margin for conventional IVF as compared with PGT-A. RESULTS: A total of 1212 patients underwent randomization, and 606 were assigned to each trial group. Live births occurred in 468 women (77.2%) in the PGT-A group and in 496 (81.8%) in the conventional-IVF group (absolute difference, -4.6 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -9.2 to -0.0; P<0.001). The cumulative frequency of clinical pregnancy loss was 8.7% and 12.6%, respectively (absolute difference, -3.9 percentage points; 95% CI, -7.5 to -0.2). The incidences of obstetrical or neonatal complications and other adverse events were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among women with three or more good-quality blastocysts, conventional IVF resulted in a cumulative live-birth rate that was noninferior to the rate with PGT-A. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03118141.).

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is a rare, autosomal recessive hereditary disease caused by a disorder in valine metabolism due to the deficiency of isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase.We provided two new mutations for ACAD8 and analyzed new sight to explore the association between the clinical phenotype and genotype of this disease. METHODS: The concentration of butyrylcarnitine was tested by tandem mass spectrometry. Butyryl carnitine and isobutyryl glycine levels were determined based on urine organic acid analysis. gene mutations was analyzed through gene sequencing. RESULTS: Five individuals were diagnosed with isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency via newborn screening, and new mutations of ACAD8 encoding isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase were found. The mutations were c.1166G>A in exon 10 and c.986C>T in exon 9, which were analyzed as pathogenic sites. Both manifested as an increase in butyrylcarnitine and slightly elevated isobutyryl glycine levels. No abnormalities in growth and development were observed during follow-up. Additionally, we summarized 32 types of ACAD8 mutations reported worldwide, analyzed the distribution of mutations with clinical symptoms, and found them to be mainly concentrated in the N-terminal domain and C-terminal domain. These findings may provide new clues for the clinical diagnosis and management of isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we reported new mutations of ACAD8 and performed a retrospective analysis of isobutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency worldwide. Isobutyryl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency may pose a disease risk during the growth process, thereby requiring long-term follow-up.

10.
Front Immunol ; 12: 757047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675936

RESUMO

B7 homolog 3 (B7-H3) is a recently found superfamily B7 molecule and therefore has significant involvement in immunological regulation. However, the relationships of B7-H3 expression with the tumor microenvironment (TME), response to immunotherapy, and prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are still unknown. In the present analysis, we determined B7-H3 as a novel biomarker that predicts the prognosis and response to immunotherapy in HNSCC. B7-H3 expression is enhanced in HNSCC compared to normal sample and is stably expressed in HNSCC cell line. Besides, high B7-H3 expression is correlated with a dismal prognosis and resistance to immunotherapy and contributes to an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Moreover, single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis shows that B7-H3 is mainly expressed in the stromal as well as malignant cells. In conclusion, the study provides insight in understanding the prognostic value of B7-H3 in HNSCC and highlights its involvement in promoting the immunosuppressive microenvironment, which presents an attractive strategy for antibody-based immunotherapy.

11.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(9): 094703, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598530

RESUMO

In circular waveguides, the TE01 mode has the lowest transmission loss, which is very suitable for long-distance transmission of high-power microwaves (HPMs). The output mode of HPM sources is mainly the TM01 mode; however, there are few research studies on mode converters of TM01-TE01. In this paper, a high efficiency HPM TM01-TE01 mode converter is designed; compared with the traditional TM01-TE01 mode converters, the structure of the mode converter is compact and easier to process. It is mainly composed of an input circular waveguide, a tapered rectangular waveguide, a 90° bent rectangular waveguide, and an output circular waveguide. A prototype with a center frequency of 2.4 GHz is fabricated and HPM experiments are carried out. The transmission efficiency of this device reaches 99.8% in the simulation, and the measured transmission efficiency is more than 98%. Additionally, the measured power handling capacity is more than 1 GW, which is consistent with simulation. This design has important reference significance for the design of long-distance power transmission devices and HPM mode converters.

13.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 713513, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650526

RESUMO

Staphylococcus xylosus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Carnobacterium maltaromaticum, Leuconostoc gelidum, and Serratia liquefaciens were investigated for their roles in in the spoilage of sterilized smoked bacon. These five strains, individually and in combination, were applied as starters on sliced bacon at 4-5 log10 CFU/g using a hand-operated spraying bottle and stored for 45 days at 0-4°C. Dynamics, diversity, and succession of microbial community during storage of samples were studied by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) of the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene. A total of 367 bacterial genera belonging to 21 phyla were identified. Bacterial counts in all the inoculated specimens increased significantly within the first 15 days while the microbiota developed into more similar communities with increasing storage time. At the end of the storage time, the highest abundance of Serratia (96.46%) was found in samples inoculated with S. liquefaciens. Similarly, for samples inoculated with C. maltaromaticum and L. mesenteroides, a sharp increase in Carnobacterium and Leuconostoc abundance was observed as they reached a maximum relative abundance of 97.95 and 81.6%, respectively. Hence, these species were not only the predominant ones but could also have been the more competitive ones, potentially inhibiting the growth of other microorganisms. By analyzing the bacterial load of meat products using the SSO model, the relationships between the microbial communities involved in spoilage can be understood to assist further research.

14.
Exp Eye Res ; : 108799, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687725

RESUMO

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is an advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR), characterized by retinal neovascularization. It is a progressive fundus disease and a severe complication of diabetes that causes vision impairment. Hyperglycemia-induced persistent low-grade inflammation is a crucial factor underlying the pathogenesis of DR-associated damage and contributing to the progression of PDR. Highly enriched polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the retina are precursors to oxidized metabolites, namely, oxylipins, which exert pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory (resolving) effects under different pathological conditions and have been implicated in diabetes. To evaluate differences in oxylipin levels in the vitreous obtained from PDR and non-diabetic subjects, we performed a targeted assessment of oxylipins. A total of 41 patients with PDR and 22 non-diabetic control subjects were enrolled in this study. Vitreous humor obtained during routinely scheduled vitrectomy underwent a targeted but unbiased screening for oxylipins using mass spectrometry-based lipidomics. We found 21 oxylipins showing statistically significant differences in their levels between PDR and non-diabetic subjects (p < 0.05). Lipoxygenase (LOX)- and cytochrome P450 (CYP)- derived oxylipins were the most affected, while cyclooxygenase (COX) oxylipins were affected to a lesser extent. When categorized by their precursor PUFAs, ±19,20-EpDPE, a CYP product of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and 12S-HETE, a LOX product of arachidonic acid (ARA), were increased by the largest magnitude. Moreover, of these 21 oxylipins, 7 were considered as potential biomarkers for discriminating PDR patients from the non-diabetic controls. Our results indicate that altered oxylipin levels in the vitreous implicate an underlying imbalanced inflammation-resolution homeostasis in PDR.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713633

RESUMO

Hypoxia, which is induced by abnormal tumor growth when it outstrips its oxygen supply, is a major character of cancer. The reaction of cells against hypoxia is mainly concentrated on the hypoxia-induced transcription factors (HIFs), especially HIF-1, which remain stabilized during hypoxia. Additionally, the oxygen-independent mechanism of regulating HIF-1 acts a vital part in different stages of tumor progression as well as chemo-/radio-/PDT resistance, resulting in poor curative effects and prognosis. In this review, we will outline the up-to-date information about how HIF-1 interferes with tumor metastasis and therapy resistance, followed by a detailed introduction of motivating techniques based on various nanomaterials to interfere with HIF signaling for effective cancer therapy. This article is categorized under: Nanotechnology Approaches to Biology > Nanoscale Systems in Biology Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Emerging Technologies Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(43): 50705-50715, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689548

RESUMO

Thrombosis is closely related to the instability of intracranial aneurysm (IA), whose rupture is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It is difficult to detect an IA-related thrombus because traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and even contrast-enhanced MRI cannot clearly distinguish a thrombus from the surrounding tissues. Herein, a nanoplatform [(MFe2O4-ZnDPA nanoparticles (NPs)], consisting of Zn0.4Co0.6Fe2O4@Zn0.4Mn0.6Fe2O4 NPs for imaging and Zn(II)-bis(dipicolylamine) (ZnDPA) for thrombus targeting, is constructed to target an experimental aneurysm-related thrombus in rabbits via MRI. In vitro experiments including platelet safety evaluation primarily prove that MFe2O4-ZnDPA NPs with a high MRI transverse relaxation time (T2) have good biocompatibility. MFe2O4-ZnDPA NPs could target a thrombus via the special interaction between ZnDPA and phosphatidylserine of activated platelets in the thrombus through MRI and Fe quantification assays. Moreover, after MFe2O4-ZnDPA NPs are injected into the ear vein of common carotid artery aneurysm model rabbits, MRI shows that MFe2O4-ZnDPA NPs could accumulate in the aneurysm-related thrombus from 0 to 15 min after injection and decrease in the next 45 min. Meanwhile, MFe2O4-ZnDPA NPs could decrease the MRI T2 signal of the aneurysm-related thrombus to enhance the outline of the aneurysm. This study demonstrates that a nanoplatform can enhance the detection of an aneurysm-related thrombus as well as aneurysm itself to assist further treatment of IA.

17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 730362, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660587

RESUMO

Purpose: Polydatin (POL) is a natural active compound found in Polygonum multiflorum with reported anti-oxidant and antiviral effects. With the aging population there has been a stark increase in the prevalence of osteoporosis (OP), rendering it an imposing public health issue. The potential effect of POL as a therapy for OP remains unclear. Therefore, we sought to investigate the therapeutic effect of POL in OP and to elucidate the underlying signaling mechanisms in its regulatory process. Methods: The POL-targeted genes interaction network was constructed using the Search Tool for Interacting Chemicals (STITCH) database, and the shared Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Pathways involved in OP and POL-targeted genes were identified. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed to evaluate the osteogenic genes and the phosphorylation level in pre-osteoblastic cells. In addition, ALP and alizarin red staining was used to test the effect of POL on extracellular matrix mineralization. Results: Twenty-seven KEGG pathways shared between POL-related genes and OP were identified. MAPK signaling was identified as a potential key mechanism. In vitro results highlighted a definitive anti-OP effect of POL. The phosphorylation levels of MAPK signaling, including p38α, ERK1/2, and JNK, were significantly decreased in this regulatory process. Conclusion: Our results suggest that POL has a promising therapeutic effect in OP. MAPK signaling may be the underlying mechanism in this effect, providing a novel sight in discovering new drugs for OP.

18.
Behav Brain Res ; 418: 113621, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624424

RESUMO

Sleep is essential for important physiological functions. Impairment of learning and memory function caused by lack of sleep is a common physiological phenomenon of which underlying changes in synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus are not well understood. The possible different effects of sleep deprivation (SD) lasting for various durations on learning and memory function and hippocampal synaptic plasticity are still not completely clear. In this study, we used a modified multiple platform method (MMPM) to induce rapid eye movement SD (REM SD), lasting for 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, separately. The novel place recognition (NPR) and novel object recognition (NOR) tasks were used to test the novelty-related object recognition memory (ORM) and object location memory (OLM) of mice. Then, hippocampal synaptic plasticity was evaluated after all behavioural experiments. The results showed that REM SD played a key role in OLM but not in ORM. Specifically, 24 h REM SD improved novelty-related OLM, accompanied by a significantly increased hippocampal synaptic plasticity, including gain of dendritic spines, increased expression of hippocampal GluA1, and enhanced long-term potentiation (LTP), whereas 48 h REM SD showed no effect on OLM or the hippocampal synaptic plasticity mentioned above; however, 72 h REM SD impaired novelty-related OLM and weakened hippocampal synaptic plasticity, including serious loss of dendritic spines, decreased expression of hippocampal GluA1, and significantly attenuated LTP. Our results suggest that REM SD of various durations has different effects on both novelty-related OLM and hippocampal synaptic plasticity.

19.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523109

RESUMO

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. In this study, we aimed to describe the aetiology of viral infection of pediatric CAP in Chinese mainland. During November 2014 to June 2016, the prospective study was conducted in 13 hospitals. The hospitalized children under 18 years old who met the criteria for CAP were enrolled. The throat swabs or nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs) were collected which were then screened 18 respiratory viruses using multiplex PCR assay. Viral pathogens were present in 56.6% (1539/2721) of the enrolled cases, with the detection rate of single virus in 39.8% of the cases and multiple viruses in 16.8% of the cases. The most frequently detected virus was respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (15.2%, 414/2721). The highest detection rate of virus was in < 6-month-age group (70.7%, 292/413). RSV, human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) and influenza B virus (Flu B) showed the similar prevalence patterns both in north and south China, but HPIVs, Flu A, human bocavirus (HBoV), human adenovirus (HAdV) and human coronaviruses (HCoVs) showed the distinct circulating patterns in north and south China. Human enterovirus/human rhinovirus (HEV/HRV) (27.6%, 27/98), HBoV (18.4%, 18/98), RSV (16.3%, 16/98) and HMPV (14.3%, 14/98) were the most commonly detected viruses in severe pneumonia cases with single virus infection. In conclusion, viral pathogens are frequently detected in pediatric CAP cases and may therefore play a vital role in the aetiology of CAP. RSV was the most important virus in hospitalized children with CAP in Chinese mainland.

20.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(8): 084709, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470405

RESUMO

A compact double-layer wideband 1:60 power divider/combiner based on a radial-line waveguide is designed and investigated for high-power microwave (HPM) applications. Compared with other HPM radial-line power dividers, the proposed power divider is smaller and more compact. The power divider is miniaturized by the double-layer method, and the wideband characteristic is realized by a specially designed wavy disk. Moreover, it can divide the microwave energy into 60 output ports equally by symmetrical design. As for simulation, in the range of 1.64-3.6 GHz, the voltage standing-wave ratio is below 2 (the relative bandwidth is 76%) and the return loss reaches -44 dB at 2.1 GHz. Additionally, a prototype is fabricated and the wideband performance from 1.6 to 2.6 GHz is verified by an existing wideband antenna array. Furthermore, filled with SF6 (0.3 MPa), the theoretical power handling capacity is more than 200 MW and the device works steadily in HPM tests under the condition of 140 MW. To sum up, the compact power divider/combiner has important application potentials in HPM fields.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...