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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2925, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575649

RESUMO

The advancement of laser-induced graphene (LIG) technology has streamlined the fabrications of flexible graphene devices. However, the ultrafast kinetics triggered by laser irradiation generates intrinsic amorphous characteristics, leading to high resistivity and compromised performance in electronic devices. Healing graphene defects in specific patterns is technologically challenging by conventional methods. Herein, we report the rapid rectification of LIG's topological defects by flash Joule heating in milliseconds (referred to as F-LIG), whilst preserving its overall structure and porosity. The F-LIG exhibits a decreased ID/IG ratio from 0.84 - 0.33 and increased crystalline domain from Raman analysis, coupled with a 5-fold surge in conductivity. Pair distribution function and atomic-resolution imaging delineate a broader-range order of F-LIG with a shorter C-C bond of 1.425 Å. The improved crystallinity and conductivity of F-LIG with excellent flexibility enables its utilization in high-performance soft electronics and low-voltage disinfections. Notably, our F-LIG/polydimethylsiloxane strain sensor exhibits a gauge factor of 129.3 within 10% strain, which outperforms pristine LIG by 800%, showcasing significant potential for human-machine interfaces.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403827, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589299

RESUMO

Organic radicals with narrow energy gaps are highly sought-after for the production of near-infrared (NIR) fluorophores. However, the current repertoire of developed organic radicals is notably limited, facing challenges related to stability and low fluorescence efficiency. This study addresses these limitations by achieving stable radicals in nonconjugated poly(diphenylmethane) (PDPM). Notably, PDPM exhibits a well-balanced structural flexibility and rigidity, resulting in a robust intra-/inter-chain through-space conjugation (TSC). The stable radicals within PDPM, coupled with strong TSC, yield a remarkable full-spectrum emission spanning from blue to NIR beyond 900 nm. This extensive tunability is achieved through careful adjustments of concentration and excitation wavelength. The findings highlight the efficacy of polymerization in stabilizing radicals and introduce a novel approach for developing nonconjugated NIR emitters based on triphenylmethane subunits.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2561, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519517

RESUMO

Cocrystal engineering is an efficient and simple strategy to construct functional materials, especially for the exploitation of novel and multifunctional materials. Herein, we report two kinds of nucleic-acid-base cocrystal systems that imitate the strong hydrogen bond interactions constructed in the form of complementary base pairing. The two cocrystals studied exhibit different colors of phosphorescence from their monomeric counterparts and show the feature of rare high-temperature phosphorescence. Mechanistic studies reveal that the strong hydrogen bond network stabilizes the triplet state and suppresses non-radiative transitions, resulting in phosphorescence even at 425 K. Moreover, the isolation effects of the hydrogen bond network regulate the interactions between the phosphor groups, realizing the manipulation from aggregation to single-molecule phosphorescence. Benefiting from the long-lived triplet state with a high quantum yield, the generation of reactive oxygen species by energy transfer is also available to utilize for some applications such as in photodynamic therapy and broad-spectrum microbicidal effects. In vitro experiments show that the cocrystals efficiently kill bacteria on a tooth surface and significantly help prevent dental caries. This work not only provides deep insight into the relationship of the structure-properties of cocrystal systems, but also facilitates the design of multifunctional cocrystal materials and enriches their potential applications.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cárie Dentária , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Cristalização , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia
4.
Adv Mater ; : e2400085, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469972

RESUMO

The interactive flexible device, which monitors the human motion in optical and electrical synergistic modes, has attracted growing attention recently. The incorporation of information attribute within the optical signal is deemed advantageous for improving the interactive efficiency. Therefore, the development of wearable optical information-electronic strain sensors holds substantial promise, but integrating and synergizing various functions and realizing strain-mediated information transformation keep challenging. Herein, an amylopectin (AP) modified nanoclay/polyacrylamide-based nanocomposite (NC) hydrogel and an aggregation-induced-emission-active ink are fabricated. Through the fluorescence-transfer printing of the ink onto the hydrogel film in different strains with nested multiple symbolic information, a wearable interactive fluorescent information-electronic strain sensor is developed. In the sensor, the nanoclay plays a synergistic "one-stone-three-birds" role, contributing to "lightening" fluorescence (≈80 times emission intensity enhancement), ionic conductivity, and excellent stretchability (>1000%). The sensor has high biocompatibility, resilience (elastic recovery ratio: 97.8%), and strain sensitivity (gauge factor (GF): 10.9). Additionally, the AP endows the sensor with skin adhesiveness. The sensor can achieve electrical monitoring of human joint movements while displaying interactive fluorescent information transformation. This research poses an efficient strategy to develop multifunctional materials and provides a general platform for achieving next-generation interactive devices with prospective applications in wearable devices, human-machine interfaces, and artificial intelligence.

5.
ACS Nano ; 18(13): 9431-9442, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507745

RESUMO

The simultaneous pursuit of accelerative radiative and restricted nonradiative decay is of tremendous significance to construct high-luminescence-efficiency fluorophores in the second near-infrared wavelength window (NIR-II), which is seriously hindered by the energy gap laws. Herein, a mash-up strategy of π-extension and deuteration is proposed to efficaciously ameliorate the knotty problem. By extending the π-conjugation of the aromatic fragment and introducing an isotope effect to the aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen), an improved oscillator strength (f), coupled with suppressed deformation and high-frequency oscillation in the excited state, are successively implemented. In this case, a faster rate of radiative decay (kr) and restricted nonradiative decay (knr) are simultaneously achieved. Moreover, the preeminent emissive property of AIEgen in the molecular state could be commendably inherited by the aggregates. The corresponding NIR-II emissive AIEgen-based nanoparticles display high brightness, large Stokes shift, and superior photostability simultaneously, which can be applied for image-guided cancer and sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery. This work thus provides a rational roadmap to improve the luminescence efficiency of NIR-II fluorophores for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Luminescência , Neoplasias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química
6.
Chem Sci ; 15(11): 3920-3927, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487249

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsive aggregation-induced emission (AIE) materials are highly sensitive and rapidly responsive to external signals, making them ideal solid materials for anti-counterfeiting encryption. However, the limited conformational and packing variations resulting from regio-isomerization with a single substituent restricts the stimuli-responsive behavior of these materials. In this work, several AIE-active regio-structural isomers based on the salicylaldehyde Schiff base scaffold have been straightforwardly obtained through multiple substitutions with bromide and triphenylamine moieties. Solvent-effect experiments demonstrate their different orders of charge-transfer and excited-state intramolecular proton transfer upon photoexcitation, indicating the regulation of excited-state processes via multi-site isomerization. These isomers also demonstrate mechanochromism and acidichromism, allowing for adjustable stimuli-responsive effects. As a demonstration, p-Br-TPA with both mechanochromism and acidichromism can be synergistically utilized for multi-level decryption. This study successfully regulates the evolution of excited states through multi-site isomerization, offering a general approach for achieving tunable stimuli-responsive properties in AIE-active salicylaldehyde Schiff bases toward multi-level decryption.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2313953, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400833

RESUMO

Engineered bacteria are widely used in cancer treatment because live facultative/obligate anaerobes can selectively proliferate at tumor sites and reach hypoxic regions, thereby causing nutritional competition, enhancing immune responses, and producing anticancer microbial agents in situ to suppress tumor growth. Despite the unique advantages of bacteria-based cancer biotherapy, the insufficient treatment efficiency limits its application in the complete ablation of malignant tumors. The combination of nanomedicine and engineered bacteria has attracted increasing attention owing to their striking synergistic effects in cancer treatment. Engineered bacteria that function as natural vehicles can effectively deliver nanomedicines to tumor sites. Moreover, bacteria provide an opportunity to enhance nanomedicines by modulating the TME and producing substrates to support nanomedicine-mediated anticancer reactions. Nanomedicine exhibits excellent optical, magnetic, acoustic, and catalytic properties, and plays an important role in promoting bacteria-mediated biotherapies. The synergistic anticancer effects of engineered bacteria and nanomedicines in cancer therapy are comprehensively summarized in this review. Attention is paid not only to the fabrication of nanobiohybrid composites, but also to the interpromotion mechanism between engineered bacteria and nanomedicine in cancer therapy. Additionally, recent advances in engineered bacteria-synergized multimodal cancer therapies are highlighted.

8.
Gastroenterology ; 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Apoptosis generates plenty of membrane-bound nanovesicles, the apoptotic vesicles (apoVs), which show promise for biomedical applications. The liver serves as a significant organ for apoptotic material removal. Whether and how the liver metabolizes apoptotic vesicular products and contributes to liver health and disease is unrecognized. METHODS: apoVs were labeled and traced after intravenous infusion. Apoptosis-deficient mice by Fas mutant (Fasmut) and Caspase-3 knockout (Casp3-/-) were used with apoV replenishment to evaluate the physiological apoV function. Combinations of morphologic, biochemical, cellular, and molecular assays were applied to assess the liver while hepatocyte analysis was performed. Partial hepatectomy and acetaminophen liver failure models were established to investigate liver regeneration and disease recovery. RESULTS: We discovered that the liver is a major metabolic organ of circulatory apoVs, in which apoVs undergo endocytosis by hepatocytes via a sugar recognition system. Moreover, apoVs play an indispensable role to counteract hepatocellular injury and liver impairment in apoptosis-deficient mice upon replenishment. Surprisingly, apoVs form a chimeric organelle complex with the hepatocyte Golgi apparatus through the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor machinery, which preserves Golgi integrity, promotes microtubule acetylation by regulating α-tubulin N-acetyltransferase 1, and consequently facilitates hepatocyte cytokinesis for liver recovery. The assembly of the apoV-Golgi complex is further revealed to contribute to liver homeostasis, regeneration, and protection against acute liver failure. CONCLUSIONS: These findings establish a previously unrecognized functional and mechanistic framework that apoptosis through vesicular metabolism safeguards liver homeostasis and regeneration, which holds promise for hepatic disease therapeutics.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(8): 5030-5044, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359354

RESUMO

Aggregate is one of the most extensive existing modes of matters in the world. Besides the research objectives of inanimate systems in physical science, the entities in life science can be regarded as living aggregates, which are far from being thoroughly understood despite the great advances in molecular biology. Molecular biology follows the research philosophy of reductionism, which generally reduces the whole into parts to study. Although reductionism benefits the understanding of molecular behaviors, it encounters limitations when extending to the aggregate level. Holism is another epistemology comparable to reductionism, which studies objectives at the aggregate level, emphasizing the interactions and synergetic/antagonistic effects of a group of composed single entities in determining the characteristics of a whole. As a representative of holism, aggregation-induced emission (AIE) materials have made great achievements in the past two decades in both physical and life science. In particular, the unique properties of AIE materials endow them with in situ and real-time visual methods to investigate the inconsistency between microscopic molecules and macroscopic substances, offering researchers excellent toolkits to study living aggregates. The applications of AIE materials in life science are still in their infancy and worth expanding. In this Perspective, we summarize the research progress of AIE materials in unveiling some phenomena and processes of living systems, aiming to provide a general research approach from the viewpoint of holism. At last, insights into what we can do in the near future are also raised and discussed.


Assuntos
Biologia Molecular , Filosofia
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(15): e202400414, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348904

RESUMO

Bipolar membranes (BPMs) have emerged as a promising solution for mitigating CO2 losses, salt precipitation and high maintenance costs associated with the commonly used anion-exchange membrane electrode assembly for CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR). However, the industrial implementation of BPM-based zero-gap electrolyzer is hampered by the poor CO2RR performance, largely attributed to the local acidic environment. Here, we report a backbone engineering strategy to improve the CO2RR performance of molecular catalysts in BPM-based zero-gap electrolyzers by covalently grafting cobalt tetraaminophthalocyanine onto a positively charged polyfluorene backbone (PF-CoTAPc). PF-CoTAPc shows a high acid tolerance in BPM electrode assembly (BPMEA), achieving a high FE of 82.6 % for CO at 100 mA/cm2 and a high CO2 utilization efficiency of 87.8 %. Notably, the CO2RR selectivity, carbon utilization efficiency and long-term stability of PF-CoTAPc in BPMEA outperform reported BPM systems. We attribute the enhancement to the stable cationic shield in the double layer and suppression of proton migration, ultimately inhibiting the undesired hydrogen evolution and improving the CO2RR selectivity. Techno-economic analysis shows the least energy consumption (957 kJ/mol) for the PF-CoTAPc catalyst in BPMEA. Our findings provide a viable strategy for designing efficient CO2RR catalysts in acidic environments.

11.
Chem Soc Rev ; 53(7): 3350-3383, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38406832

RESUMO

Super-resolution imaging has rapidly emerged as an optical microscopy technique, offering advantages of high optical resolution over the past two decades; achieving improved imaging resolution requires significant efforts in developing super-resolution imaging agents characterized by high brightness, high contrast and high sensitivity to fluorescence switching. Apart from technical requirements in optical systems and algorithms, super-resolution imaging relies on fluorescent dyes with special photophysical or photochemical properties. The concept of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) was proposed in 2001, coinciding with unprecedented advancements and innovations in super-resolution imaging technology. AIE probes offer many advantages, including high brightness in the aggregated state, low background signal, a larger Stokes shift, ultra-high photostability, and excellent biocompatibility, making them highly promising for applications in super-resolution imaging. In this review, we summarize the progress in implementation methods and provide insights into the mechanism of AIE-based super-resolution imaging, including fluorescence switching resulting from photochemically-converted aggregation-induced emission, electrostatically controlled aggregation-induced emission and specific binding-regulated aggregation-induced emission. Particularly, the aggregation-induced emission principle has been proposed to achieve spontaneous fluorescence switching, expanding the selection and application scenarios of super-resolution imaging probes. By combining the aggregation-induced emission principle and specific molecular design, we offer some comprehensive insights to facilitate the applications of AIEgens (AIE-active molecules) in super-resolution imaging.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4851-4863, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346857

RESUMO

The abnormal evolution of membrane-less organelles into amyloid fibrils is a causative factor in many neurodegenerative diseases. Fundamental research on evolving organic aggregates is thus instructive for understanding the root causes of these diseases. In-situ monitoring of evolving molecular aggregates with built-in fluorescence properties is a reliable approach to reflect their subtle structural variation. To increase the sensitivity of real-time monitoring, we presented organic aggregates assembled by TPAN-2MeO, which is a triphenyl acrylonitrile derivative. TPAN-2MeO showed a morphological evolution with distinct turn-on emission. Upon rapid nanoaggregation, it formed non-emissive spherical aggregates in the kinetically metastable state. Experimental and simulation results revealed that the weak homotypic interactions between the TPAN-2MeO molecules liberated their molecular motion for efficient non-radiative decay, and the strong heterotypic interactions between TPAN-2MeO and water stabilized the molecular geometry favorable for the non-fluorescent state. After ultrasonication, the decreased heterotypic interactions and increased homotypic interactions acted synergistically to allow access to the emissive thermodynamic equilibrium state with a decent photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY). The spherical aggregates were eventually transformed into micrometer-sized blocklike particles. Under mechanical stirring, the co-assembly of TPAN-2MeO and Pluronic F-127 formed uniform fluorescent platelets, inducing a significant enhancement in PLQY. These results decipher the stimuli-triggered structural variation of organic aggregates with concurrent sensitive fluorescence response and pave the way for a deep understanding of the evolutionary events of biogenic aggregates.


Assuntos
Amiloide , Água , Fluorescência
13.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383890

RESUMO

Conventional antibiotics used for treating tuberculosis (TB) suffer from drug resistance and multiple complications. Here we propose a lesion-pathogen dual-targeting strategy for the management of TB by coating Mycobacterium-stimulated macrophage membranes onto polymeric cores encapsulated with an aggregation-induced emission photothermal agent that is excitable with a 1,064 nm laser. The coated nanoparticles carry specific receptors for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which enables them to target tuberculous granulomas and internal M. tuberculosis simultaneously. In a mouse model of TB, intravenously injected nanoparticles image individual granulomas in situ in the lungs via signal emission in the near-infrared region IIb, with an imaging resolution much higher than that of clinical computed tomography. With 1,064 nm laser irradiation from outside the thoracic cavity, the photothermal effect generated by these nanoparticles eradicates the targeted M. tuberculosis and alleviates pathological damage and excessive inflammation in the lungs, resulting in a better therapeutic efficacy compared with a combination of first-line antibiotics. This precise photothermal modality that uses dual-targeted imaging in the near-infrared region IIb demonstrates a theranostic strategy for TB management.

14.
Small ; : e2400666, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368259

RESUMO

Compared to conventional radiotherapy (RT), FLASH-RT delivers ultra-high dose radiation, significantly reducing damage to normal tissue while guaranteeing the effect of cancer treatment. However, cancer recurrence and metastasis frequently occur after all RT due to the existence of intractable cancer stem cells (CSCs). To address this, a biomimetic nanoplatform (named TAFL) of tumor-derived exosome fusion liposomes is designed by co-loading aggregation-induced emission photothermal agents, TPE-BBT, and anti-cancer drugs, aspirin, aiming to clear CSCs for inhibiting cancer recurrence and metastasis after FLASH-RT therapy . Aspirin released in TAFL system triggered by laser irradiation can induce apoptosis and DNA damage of 4T1 CSCs, comprehensively downregulate their stemness phenotype, and inhibit their sphericity. Furthermore, the TPE-BBT mediated mild-photothermal therapy can alleviate the hypoxic tumor microenvironment, inhibit the DNA repair of CSCs, which further amplifies the effect of aspirin against CSCs, therefore reduces the effective dose of aspirin, making TAFL more biologically safe. In vivo experimental results demonstrated that decreased CSCs population mediated by TAFL system treatment significantly inhibited tumor recurrence and metastasis after FLASH-RT therapy. In summary, this TAFL system   provides a new idea for the future clinical application of FLASH-RT therapy.

15.
Anal Chem ; 96(6): 2406-2414, 2024 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308568

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive primary brain tumor associated with limited treatment options and high drug resistance, presenting significant challenges in the pursuit of effective treatment strategies. Epigenetic modifications have emerged as promising diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for GBM. For instance, histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) has been identified as a potential pharmacological target for GBM. Furthermore, the overexpression of monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) in glioma has been linked to tumor progression, making it an attractive target for therapy. In this study, we successfully engineered HDAC-MB, an activatable multifunctional small-molecule probe with the goal of efficiently detecting and killing glioma cells. HDAC-MB can be selectively activated by HDAC6, leading to the "turn on" of near-infrared fluorescence and effective inhibition of MAO A, along with potent photodynamic therapy (PDT) effects. Consequently, HDAC-MB not only enables the imaging of HDAC6 in live glioma cells but also exhibits the synergistic effect of MAO A inhibition and PDT, effectively inhibiting glioma invasion and inducing cellular apoptosis. The distinctive combination of features displayed by HDAC-MB positions it as a versatile and highly effective tool for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of glioma cells. This opens up opportunities to enhance therapy outcomes and explore future applications in glioma theranostics.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humanos , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/farmacologia , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/uso terapêutico , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/patologia , Apoptose , Monoaminoxidase , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia
16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(14): e202318609, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345594

RESUMO

The fabrication of a multimodal phototheranostic platform on the basis of single-component theranostic agent to afford both imaging and therapy simultaneously, is attractive yet full of challenges. The emergence of aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens), particularly those emit fluorescence in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II), provides a powerful tool for cancer treatment by virtue of adjustable pathway for radiative/non-radiative energy consumption, deeper penetration depth and aggregation-enhanced theranostic performance. Although bulky thiophene π-bridges such as ortho-alkylated thiophene, 3,4-ethoxylene dioxythiophene and benzo[c]thiophene are commonly adopted to construct NIR-II AIEgens, the subtle differentiation on their theranostic behaviours has yet to be comprehensively investigated. In this work, systematical investigations discovered that AIEgen BT-NS bearing benzo[c]thiophene possesses acceptable NIR-II fluorescence emission intensity, efficient reactive oxygen species generation, and high photothermal conversion efficiency. Eventually, by using of BT-NS nanoparticles, unprecedented performance on NIR-II fluorescence/photoacoustic/photothermal imaging-guided synergistic photodynamic/photothermal elimination of tumors was demonstrated. This study thus offers useful insights into developing versatile phototheranostic systems for clinical trials.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Fototerapia/métodos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Medicina de Precisão , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(10): 4558-4570, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408313

RESUMO

Calcium is a highly demanded metal, and its transport across the intestine of Daphnia magna remains a significant unresolved question. Due to technical constraints, the visualization of the kinetic process of Ca passage through D. magna has been challenging. Here, we developed the second near-infrared Ca sensor (NIR-II Ca) and conducted real-time in vivo imaging of Ca in daphnids with a high signal-to-noise ratio, deep tissue penetration, and minimal damage. Through the utilization of the NIR-II Ca sensor, we for the first time visualized and quantified the kinetic process of Ca passage in the intestine in real time. The results revealed that trophically available Ca passed through the intestines in 24 h, whereas waterborne Ca required only 35 min. This rapid "flushing through" mechanism established waterborne Ca as the primary source of Ca absorption. However, environmental stressors such as water acidification and cadmium significantly delayed the Ca passage and absorption. The development of NIR imaging and sensors allows for real-time dynamic visualization of contaminants/nutrients in organisms and holds great potential as a powerful tool for future studies into material kinetic processes in living animals.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cálcio , Daphnia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(10): 6652-6664, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419303

RESUMO

Nitrile compounds are abundant, stable, cheap, and readily available natural and chemical industrial sources. However, the efficient conversion of nitrile monomers to functional polymers is mostly limited due to their inert reactivity, and developing efficient polymerizations based on nitrile monomers under very mild conditions is still a big challenge. In this work, a facile and powerful base-catalyzed acetonitrile-azide click polymerization was successfully established under ambient conditions. This polymerization also enjoys the merits of short reaction time (15 min), 100% atom economy, transition-metal-free catalyst system, and regioselectivity. A series of poly(5-amino-1,2,3-triazole)s (PATAs) with high weight-average molecular weights (Mw, up to 204,000) were produced in excellent yields (up to 99%). The PATAs containing tetraphenylethene (TPE) moieties exhibit unique aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics, which could be used to sensitively detect Fe(III) ions with a low limit of detection (1.205 × 10-7 M) and to specifically image lysosomes of living cells. Notably, PATAs could be facilely post-modified due to their containing primary amino groups in the polymer chains even through a one-pot tandem reaction. Thus, this work not only establishes a new powerful click polymerization to convert stable nitriles but also generates a series of PATAs with versatile properties for diverse applications.

19.
Adv Mater ; : e2311347, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335472

RESUMO

Purely organic room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) materials have received intense attention due to their fascinating optical properties and advanced optoelectronic applications. The promotion of intersystem crossing (ISC) and minimalization of nonradiative dissipation under ambient conditions are key prerequisites for realizing high-performance organic RTP; However, the ISC process is generally inefficient for organic fluorogens and the populated triplet excitons are always too susceptible to be well stabilized by conventional means. Particularly, organizing organic fluorophores into compact and ordered entities by supramolecular dynamic interactions has proven to be a newly-emerged strategy to boost the ISC process greatly and suppress the non-radiative relaxations immensely, facilitating the population and stabilization of triplet excitons to access high-performance organic RTP. Consequently, well-defined organic emitters enable robust RTP emission even in the solution state, thus greatly extending the applications. Here, this review is focused on a timely and brief introduction to recent progress in tailoring ordered high-performance RTP emitters by supramolecular dynamic interactions. Their typical preparation strategies, optoelectronic properties, and applications are thoroughly summarized. In the summary section, key challenges and perspectives of this field are highlighted to suggest potential directions for future study.

20.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2303967, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334004

RESUMO

Aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) are promising photosensitizers that have exhibited excellent antibacterial ability with abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. TTCPy-PF6 and TTCPy-Br are deposited on the surface of diverse solid substrates through plasma-assistant electrostatic self-assembly. The AIEgens-covered coating can effectively eliminate different pathogenic Gram-positive (G+) bacteria and even their multidrug-resistant (MDR) mutants with negligible side effects such as cytotoxicity, hemolysis, and inflammation. Moreover, the AIEgen-coated surface can maintain high stability for long-time antibacterial usage, which is dependent on the ROS-mediated disruption of the attached bacteria. The AIEgen-based coatings with broad surface applicability have many advantages in high antibacterial ability, great biocompatibility, and low possibility of antibiotic pollution. The robust antibacterial ability and excellent biological safety of the AIEgen-based coatings would be helpful for the disinfection of medical devices.

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