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1.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298778, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous observational studies have reported an association between Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and an increased risk of Parkinson's Disease (PD). However, the causal relationship between these conditions remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the causal impact of SS on the risk of developing PD, utilizing the Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. METHODS: We conducted a bidirectional MR analysis using publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data. The primary analysis utilized the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method. Complementary methods, such as MR-Egger regression, weighted mode, weighted median, and MR-pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO), were utilized to identify and correct for the presence of horizontal pleiotropy. RESULTS: The IVW MR analysis revealed no significant association between SS and PD (IVW: OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.94-1.07, P = 0.95). Likewise, the reverse MR analysis did not identify any significant causal relationship between PD and SS (IVW: OR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.85-1.12, P = 0.73). The results from MR-Egger regression, weighted median, and weighted mode approaches were consistent with the IVW method. Sensitivity analyses suggested that horizontal pleiotropy is unlikely to introduce bias to the causal estimates. CONCLUSION: This study does not provide evidence to support the assertion that SS has a conclusive impact on the risk of PD, which contradicts numerous existing observational reports. Further investigation is necessary to determine the possible mechanisms behind the associations observed in these observational studies.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Síndrome de Sjogren/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Doença de Parkinson/genética
2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1330560, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482004

RESUMO

Objective: Systemic sclerosis(SSc) remains unclear, studies suggest that inflammation may be linked to its pathogenesis. Hence, we conducted a bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to evaluate the association between cytokine and growth factor cycling levels and the risk of SSc onset. Methods: In our study, the instrumental variables(IVs) for circulating cytokines were sourced from the genome-wide association study (GWAS) dataset of 8293 Finnish individuals. The SSc data comprised 302 cases and 213145 controls, and was included in the GWAS dataset. We employed four methods for the MR analysis: MR Egger, Inverse variance weighted (IVW), Weighted medium, and Weighted Mode, with IVW being the primary analytical method. Sensitivity analyses were performed using heterogeneity testing, horizontal pleiotropy testing, and the Leave One Out (LOO) method. We also conducted a reverse MR analysis to determine any reverse causal relationship between SSc and circulating cytokines. Results: After Bonferroni correction, MR analysis revealed that the Interleukin-5 (IL-5) cycle level was associated with a reduced risk of SSc [odds ratio (OR)=0.48,95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27-0.84, P=0.01]. It also indicated that the Stem cell growth factor beta (SCGF-ß) cycling level might elevate the risk of SSc (OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.01-1.83, P = 0.04). However, the reverse MR analysis did not establish a causal relationship between SSc and circulating cytokine levels. Additionally, sensitivity analysis outcomes affirm the reliability of our results. Conclusion: Our MR study suggests potential causal relationships between IL-5, SCGF-ß, and the risk of SSc. Further research is essential to determine how IL-5 and SCGF-ß influence the development of SSc.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Interleucina-5 , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética
3.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 73(4): 71, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to individual differences in tumors and immune systems, the response rate to immunotherapy is low in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. Combinations with other therapeutic strategies improve the efficacy of immunotherapy in LUAD patients. Although radioimmunotherapy has been demonstrated to effectively suppress tumors, the underlying mechanisms still need to be investigated. METHODS: Total RNA from LUAD cells was sequenced before and after radiotherapy to identify differentially expressed radiation-associated genes. The similarity network fusion (SNF) algorithm was applied for molecular classification based on radiation-related genes, immune-related genes, methylation data, and somatic mutation data. The changes in gene expression, prognosis, immune cell infiltration, radiosensitivity, chemosensitivity, and sensitivity to immunotherapy were assessed for each subtype. RESULTS: We used the SNF algorithm and multi-omics data to divide TCGA-LUAD patients into three subtypes. Patients with the CS3 subtype had the best prognosis, while those with the CS1 and CS2 subtypes had poorer prognoses. Among the strains tested, CS2 exhibited the most elevated immune cell infiltration and expression of immune checkpoint genes, while CS1 exhibited the least. Patients in the CS2 subgroup were more likely to respond to PD-1 immunotherapy. The CS2 patients were most sensitive to docetaxel and cisplatin, while the CS1 patients were most sensitive to paclitaxel. Experimental validation of signature genes in the CS2 subtype showed that inhibiting the expression of RHCG and TRPA1 could enhance the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to radiation. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this study identified a risk classifier based on multi-omics data that can guide treatment selection for LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Multiômica , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/terapia , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Análise por Conglomerados , Prognóstico
4.
Anal Methods ; 16(12): 1756-1762, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440844

RESUMO

Single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) are valuable in the development of immunoassays for pesticide detection. In this study, scFvs specific to thiamethoxam (Thi) were successfully isolated from a library generated by chicken immunization through heterologous coating selection. These scFvs were subsequently expressed with fusion with an Avi tag and alkaline phosphatase. After combination and optimization, a scFv-biotin based enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection of Thi, demonstrating an impressive half-maximum signal inhibition concentration (IC50) of 30 ng mL-1 and a limit of detection (LOD) of 1.8 ng mL-1. The immunoassay exhibited minimal cross-reactivity with other neonicotinoid insecticides, except for 7.5% for imidacloprid and 6.7% for imidaclothiz. The accuracy of the assay was confirmed by testing spiked samples of apple, pear, cabbage, and cucumber, which resulted in average recoveries ranging between 82% and 119%, closely aligning with the results obtained through high-performance liquid chromatography. Therefore, the chicken scFv-biotin based assay showed promise as a high-throughput screening tool for Thi in agricultural samples.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única , Animais , Tiametoxam , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/química , Galinhas , Biotina , Inseticidas/análise
5.
NPJ Vaccines ; 9(1): 62, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503757

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important pathogens causing respiratory tract infection in humans, especially in infants and the elderly. The identification and structural resolution of the potent neutralizing epitopes on RSV fusion (F) protein enable an "epitope-focused" vaccine design. However, the display of RSV F epitope II on the surface of the widely-used human hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg) has failed to induce neutralizing antibody response in mice. Here, we used the hepadnavirus core protein (HcAg) from different mammalian hosts as scaffolds to construct chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) presenting the RSV F epitope II. Mouse immunization showed that different HcAg-based chimeric VLPs elicited significantly different neutralizing antibody responses, among which the HcAg derived from roundleaf bat (RBHcAg) is the most immunogenic. Furthermore, RBHcAg was used as the scaffold platform to present multiple RSV F epitopes, and the immunogenicity was further improved in comparison to that displaying a single epitope II. The designed RBHcAg-based multiple-epitope-presenting VLP formulated with MF59-like adjuvant elicited a potent and balanced Th1/Th2 immune response, and offered substantial protection in mice against the challenge of live RSV A2 virus. The designed chimeric VLPs may serve as the potential starting point for developing epitope-focused vaccines against RSV. Our study also demonstrated that RBHcAg is an effective VLP carrier for presenting foreign epitopes, providing a promising platform for epitope-focused vaccine design.

6.
Technol Health Care ; 32(1): 303-312, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38534047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In view of the lack of attention and predictability in postpartum breastfeeding in primiparas, health education on breastfeeding during pregnancy should be carried out to publicize the benefits of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how well the primiparas during pregnancy are known of breastfeeding knowledge, and to provide a basis for developing health education measures for them. METHODS: With the adoption of the objective sampling method and the principle of saturation, 10 primiparas in the obstetrics outpatient department of the Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were selected as the study participants. Semi-structured in-depth interviews combined with the observation method were used for data collection. The interview data were analyzed and the theme was refined by Colaizzi's seven-step method. RESULTS: The results of the four themes of the cognition of breastfeeding knowledge among primiparas were as follows: Lack of knowledge and curiosity about breastfeeding in some women, lack of access to correct breastfeeding knowledge, insufficient support from family members for postpartum breastfeeding, and lack of approach to solve problems during breastfeeding among primiparas. CONCLUSION: Due to the current problems of the cognition of breastfeeding knowledge in primiparas, it was imperative to build a health education model suitable for primiparas to improve this knowledge.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Cognição , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
Anal Methods ; 16(10): 1546-1553, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38404205

RESUMO

The compound 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) is frequently utilized as a biomarker to detect exposure to various pyrethroids. In this study, a bivalent nanobody (Nb2) specifically targeting 3-PBA was biotinylated and immobilized onto streptavidin (SA)-modified bacterial magnetic nanoparticles (BMPs), resulting in the formation of BMP-SA-Biotin-Nb2 complexes. These complexes demonstrated remarkable stability when exposed to strongly acidic solutions (4 M HCl), methanol (80%), and high ionic strength (1.37 M NaCl). An immunoassay was subsequently developed utilizing BMP-SA-Biotin-Nb2 as the capture agent and 3-PBA-horseradish peroxidase as the detection probe. The immunoassay exhibited an IC50 value (half-maximum signal inhibition concentration) of 1.11 ng mL-1 for 3-PBA. To evaluate the accuracy of the assay, spiked sheep and cow urine samples (ranging from 3.0 to 240 ng mL-1) were analyzed. The quantitative recoveries ranged from 82.5% to 113.1%, which agreed well with the findings obtained using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Overall, the BMP-SA-Biotin-Nb2-based immunoassay holds great promise for rapid monitoring of 3-PBA following acid dissociation.


Assuntos
Benzoatos , Biotina , Magnetossomos , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , Ovinos , Estreptavidina/química , Biotina/química , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Biofabrication ; 16(2)2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408382

RESUMO

Pressure ulcers (PUs) have emerged as a substantial burden on individuals and society. The introduction of innovative dressings that facilitate the healing of pressure ulcer wounds represents a cost-effective alternative for treatment. In this study, the emphasis is on the preparation of Carthamus tinctorius L. polysaccharide (CTLP) as hydrogel microspheres (MPs), which are then encapsulated within a hydrogel matrix crosslinked with phenylboronic acid gelatin (Gelatin-PBA) andϵ-polylysine-grafted catechol (ϵ-PL-Cat) to enable sustained release for promoting pressure ulcer healing. The presented Gelatin-PBA/ϵ-PL-Cat (GPL)/CTLP-MPs hydrogel demonstrated outstanding self-healing properties. In addition,in vitroexperiments revealed that the hydrogel exhibited remarkable antibacterial activity, excellent biocompatibility. And it showed the capacity to promote vascular formation, effectively scavenge reactive oxygen species, and facilitate macrophage polarization from the M1 to M2 phenotype.In vivowound healing of mice PUs indicated that the prepared GPL/CTLP-MPs hydrogel effectively accelerated the formation of granulation tissue and facilitated the healing of the wounds. In summary,in vivoandin vitroexperiments consistently highlight the therapeutic potential of GPL/CTLP-MPs hydrogel in facilitating the healing process of PUs.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius , Lesão por Pressão , Animais , Camundongos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Gelatina , Polilisina/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Macrófagos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Supuração
9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 499, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), often coexisting with various systemic disorders, may increase the risk of falls. Our study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk of falls among patients with CKD in China. METHODS: We included patients with/without CKD from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Our primary outcome was the occurrence of fall accidents within the past 2 years. To enhance the robustness of our findings, we employed a multivariable logistic regression model, conducted propensity score analysis, and applied an inverse probability-weighting model. RESULTS: A total of 12,658 participants were included, the prevalence of fall accident rates were 17.1% (2,028/11,837) among participants without CKD and 24.7% (203/821) among those with CKD. In the inverse probability-weighting model, participants with CKD exhibited higher fall accident rates (OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.08-1.53, p = 0.005 ). Sensitivity and subgroup analysis showed the results still stable. CONCLUSIONS: The population in China afflicted with CKD has a significantly heightened risk of experiencing falls, underscoring the crucial importance of intensifying efforts in assessing and preventing fall risks.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Acidentes por Quedas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia
10.
Ren Fail ; 46(1): 2306224, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent individual studies have indicated that ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption may be associated with the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis based on those longitudinal studies evaluating the relationship between UPF consumption and the risk of incident CKD, and synthesizing the results. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception through 22 March 2023. Any longitudinal studies evaluating the relationship between UPF consumption and the risk of incident CKD were included. Two researchers independently conducted the literature screening and data extraction. RR and its 95% CI were regarded as the effect size. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was applied to assess the quality of the studies included, and the effect of UPF consumption on the risk of incident CKD was analyzed with STATA version 15.1. This study's protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42023411951). RESULTS: Four cohort studies with a total of 219,132 participants were included after screening. The results of the meta-analysis suggested that the highest UPF intake was associated with an increased risk of incident CKD (RR = 1.25; 95% CI: 1.18-1.33). CONCLUSIONS: High-dose UPF intake was associated with an increased risk of incident CKD. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Thus, more standardized clinical studies and further exploration of the mechanisms are needed in the future.


Assuntos
Alimento Processado , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Dieta
11.
Drug Dev Res ; 85(1): e22147, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We conducted this paper to decipher the efficacy of the combined chemotherapy of zoledronic acid and pamidronate in treating bone metastases from nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the effects on pain stress and bone metabolic indices. METHODS: Patients with bone metastases from NSCLC were allocated into Group A and Group B. Patients in the Group A were administrated with pamidronate combined chemotherapy and patients in the Group B were administrated with zoledronic acid combined chemotherapy. The efficacy, pain symptom scores, quality of life scores, serum inflammatory factor, serum bone metabolic indices, serum pain stress indicators, and the occurrence of adverse effects were compared in patients of the two groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of treatment was higher in the Group B than in the Group A. After treatment, reduced Numerical Rating Scale scores and elevated Karnofsky Performance Score score, reduced serum levels of N-terminal mid-fragment of osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, and type I collagen hydroxyl terminal peptide ß special sequence, reduced serum levels of C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6, as well as decreased levels of bradykinin, substance P, neuropeptide Y, and ß-endorphin were found in the Group B versus the Group A. No notable difference was witnessed in the rate of adverse reactions between the Group A and the Group B. CONCLUSION: Zoledronic acid combined with chemotherapy can effectively treat bone metastases of NSCLC and improve pain stress and bone metabolic status, which has value that can be promoted and applied in clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Ácido Zoledrônico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Pamidronato , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-8, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327098

RESUMO

Micromelalopha troglodyta (Graeser) is an important pest of poplar in China, and glutathione S-transferase (GST) is an important detoxifying enzyme in M. troglodyta. In this paper, three full-length GST genes from M. troglodyta were cloned and identified. These GST genes all belonged to the epsilon class (MtGSTe1, MtGSTe2, and MtGSTe3). Furthermore, the expression of these three MtGSTe genes in different tissues, including midguts and fat bodies, and the MtGSTe expression in association with different concentrations of tannic acid, including 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 mg ml-1, were analysed in detail. The results showed that the expression levels of MtGSTe1, MtGSTe2, and MtGSTe3 were all the highest in the fourth instar larvae; the expression levels of MtGSTe1 and MtGSTe3 were the highest in fat bodies, while the expression level of MtGSTe2 was the highest in midguts. Furthermore, the expression of MtGSTe mRNA was induced by tannic acid in M. troglodyta. These studies were helpful to clarify the interaction between plant secondary substances and herbivorous insects at a deep level and provided a theoretical foundation for controlling M. troglodyta.

13.
Bull Entomol Res ; : 1-13, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328866

RESUMO

Reticulitermes chinensis Snyder is an important pest in forestry and construction and is widely distributed in China. We found that Serratia marcescens Bizio strain SM1 has insecticidal activity to R. chinensis, but the pathogenic mechanism of SM1 to R. chinensis is not clear. Therefore, full-length transcriptome sequencing was performed on R. chinensis infected with SM1 and the control group. A total of 230 differentially expressed genes were identified by comparing SM1 infection group and the control group, among which 103 were downregulated and 127 were upregulated. We found downregulated genes in nine metabolic pathway categories, among which carbohydrate metabolism had the most downregulated genes, followed by energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism. We also found that some downregulated genes were related to pattern recognition receptors, cellular immunity, and humoral immunity, indicating that R. chinensis immunity was negatively affected by SM1 infection. In addition, some genes in signal transduction and genetic information processing pathways were downregulated. In this study, high-throughput full-length transcriptome analysis was used to analyse the pathogenic mechanism of SM1 to R. chinensis. The results of this study provide useful information for exploring the relationship between SM1 and R. chinensis, and provide theoretical support for the future application of SM1 and the prevention and treatment of R. chinensis.

14.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 8, 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) increases with age (≥ 65 years old) in critically ill patients, and it is necessary to prevent mortality in elderly patients with ARDS in the intensive care unit (ICU). Among the potential risk factors, dynamic subphenotypes of respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate-oxygenation (ROX) and their associations with 28-day mortality have not been clearly explored. METHODS: Based on the eICU Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD), this study used a group-based trajectory model to identify longitudinal subphenotypes of RR, HR, and ROX during the first 72 h of ICU stays. A logistic model was used to evaluate the associations of trajectories with 28-day mortality considering the group with the lowest rate of mortality as a reference. Restricted cubic spline was used to quantify linear and nonlinear effects of static RR-related factors during the first 72 h of ICU stays on 28-day mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the prediction models with the Delong test. RESULTS: A total of 938 critically ill elderly patients with ARDS were involved with five and 5 trajectories of RR and HR, respectively. A total of 204 patients fit 4 ROX trajectories. In the subphenotypes of RR, when compared with group 4, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of group 3 were 2.74 (1.48-5.07) (P = 0.001). Regarding the HR subphenotypes, in comparison to group 1, the ORs and 95% CIs were 2.20 (1.19-4.08) (P = 0.012) for group 2, 2.70 (1.40-5.23) (P = 0.003) for group 3, 2.16 (1.04-4.49) (P = 0.040) for group 5. Low last ROX had a higher mortality risk (P linear = 0.023, P nonlinear = 0.010). Trajectories of RR and HR improved the predictive ability for 28-day mortality (AUC increased by 2.5%, P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: For RR and HR, longitudinal subphenotypes are risk factors for 28-day mortality and have additional predictive enrichment, whereas the last ROX during the first 72 h of ICU stays is associated with 28-day mortality. These findings indicate that maintaining the health dynamic subphenotypes of RR and HR in the ICU and elevating static ROX after initial critical care may have potentially beneficial effects on prognosis in critically ill elderly patients with ARDS.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Idoso , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/diagnóstico , Pulmão , Prognóstico , Sinais Vitais , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Food Chem ; 441: 138377, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219367

RESUMO

Immunomagnetic beads provide novel tools for high-throughput immunoassay techniques. In this study, protein G (PG) was immobilized onto bacterial magentic particles (BMPs) using an additional cysteine residue at the C-terminus. A broad-spectrum monoclonal antibody against glucocorticoids (GCs) was attached to BMPs through PG-Fc interaction, generating BMP-PG-mIgG immunomagentic beads. A sensitive one-step immunoassay was developed for GCs based on combination of BMP-PG-mIgG and dexamethasone-horseradish peroxidase tracer (DMS-HRP). The developed assay exhibited half inhibitory concentrations (IC50) for dexamethasone (DMS), betamethasone (BMS), prednisolone (PNS), hydrocortisone (HCS), beclomethasone (BCMS), cortisone (CS), 6-α-methylprednisone (6-α-MPNS), fludrocortisone acetate (HFCS) of 0.98, 1.49, 2.42, 9.29, 1.63, 6.13, 7.3, and 4.89 ng/mL, respectively. The method showed recoveries ranging rates from 86.5 % to 117 % with a coefficient of variation less than 12.3 % in milk sample, which showed a good correlation with LC-MS/MS. Thus, the proposed assay offers a rapid and broad-spectrum screening tool for simultaneous detection of GCs in milk.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides , Magnetossomos , Animais , Glucocorticoides/análise , Leite/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Imunoensaio/métodos , Bactérias , Dexametasona/análise , Separação Imunomagnética/métodos
16.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 5, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid management in clinic is critical to the prevention and treatment of Chronic kidney disease (CKD), while the manifestations of lipid indicators vary in types and have flexible association with CKD prognosis. PURPOSE: Explore the associations between the widely used indicators of lipid metabolism and their distribution in clinic and CKD prognosis; provide a reference for lipid management and inform treatment decisions for patients with non-dialysis CKD stage 3-5. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study utilizing the Self-Management Program for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Cohort (SMP-CKD) database of 794 individuals with CKD stages 3-5. It covers demographic data, clinical diagnosis and medical history collection, laboratory results, circulating lipid profiles and lipid distribution assessments. Primary endpoint was defined as a composite outcome(the initiation of chronic dialysis or renal transplantation, sustained decline of 40% or more in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), doubled of serum creatinine (SCr) from the baseline, eGFR less than 5 mL/min/1.73m2, or all-cause mortality). Exposure variables were circulating lipid profiles and lipid distribution measurements. Association were assessed using Relative risks (RRs) (95% confidence intervals (CIs)) computed by multivariate Poisson models combined with least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression according to categories of lipid manifestations. The best model was selected via akaike information criterion (AIC), area under curve (AUC), receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and net reclassification index (NRI). Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to assess the interaction effects and robustness.. RESULTS: 255 individuals reached the composite outcome. Median follow-up duration was 2.03 [1.06, 3.19] years. Median age was 58.8 [48.7, 67.2] years with a median eGFR of 33.7 [17.6, 47.8] ml/min/1.73 m2. Five dataset were built after multiple imputation and five category-based Possion models were constructed for each dataset. Model 5 across five datasets had the best fitness with smallest AIC and largest AUC. The pooled results of Model 5 showed that total cholesterol (TC) (RR (95%CI) (per mmol/L) :1.143[1.023,1.278], P = 0.018) and percentage of body fat (PBF) (RR (95%CI) (per percentage):0.976[0.961,0.992], P = 0.003) were significant factors of composite outcome. The results indicated that comprehensive consideration of lipid metabolism and fat distribution is more critical in the prediction of CKD prognosis.. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive consideration of lipid manifestations is optimal in predicting the prognosis of individuals with non-dialysis CKD stages 3-5.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição Tecidual , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Lipídeos
17.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 27(1): e15031, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38287544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adalimumab (ADA) combined with Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) in the treatment of methotrexate (MTX)-inadequate response patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial, 64 RA patients with inadequate response to MTX were 1:1 randomly assigned into treatment or control groups. The treatment group was treated with ADA in combination with TwHF, and the control group was treated with ADA in combination with MTX for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients having low disease activity (2.6 ≤ DAS28-ESR < 3.2) and remission rates (DAS28-ESR < 2.6) at week 24. RESULTS: In total, 53 of the 64 patients (82.8%) completed this 24-week clinical trial. By intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, a comparable outcome was observed between the two groups. The percentage of patients achieving low disease activity in the treatment group and control group were 43.8% and 46.9% (95% CI, 21.28 to 27.48, p = .802). Percentage of patients achieving low disease activity rates were respectively 28.1% and 31.3% in the treatment group and control group (95% CI, 19.18 to 25.58, p = .784). In per-protocol (PP) analysis, the results were consistent with the ITT model. The incidence of adverse events was comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant differences in efficacy and safety between ADA combined with TwHF versus ADA combined with MTX in the treatment of RA. TwHF might be an alternative treatment for RA patients who are intolerant to MTX.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Tripterygium , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/induzido quimicamente , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(7): 10802-10817, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212565

RESUMO

Bioremediation is a sustainable and pollution-free technology for crude oil-contaminated soil. However, most studies are limited to the remediation of shallow crude oil-contaminated soil, while ignoring the deeper soil. Here, a high-efficiency composite microbial agent MAB-1 was provided containing Bacillus (naphthalene and pyrene), Acinetobacter (cyclohexane), and Microbacterium (xylene) to be synergism degradation of crude oil components combined with other treatments. According to the crude oil degradation rate, the up-layer (63.64%), middle-layer (50.84%), and underlying-layer (54.21%) crude oil-contaminated soil are suitable for bioaugmentation (BA), biostimulation (BS), and biostimulation+bioventing (BS+BV), respectively. Combined with GC-MS and carbon number distribution analysis, under the optimal biotreatment, the degradation rates of 2-ring and 3-ring PAHs in layers soil were about 70% and 45%, respectively, and the medium and long-chain alkanes were reduced during the remediation. More importantly, the relative abundance of bacteria associated with crude oil degradation increased in each layer after the optimal treatment, such as Microbacterium (2.10-14%), Bacillus (2.56-12.1%), and Acinetobacter (0.95-12.15%) in the up-layer soil; Rhodococcus (1.5-6.9%) in the middle-layer soil; and Pseudomonas (3-5.4%) and Rhodococcus (1.3-13.2%) in the underlying-layer soil. Our evaluation results demonstrated that crude oil removal can be accelerated by adopting appropriate bioremediation approach for different depths of soil, providing a new perspective for the remediation of actual crude oil-contaminated sites.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Petróleo/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 915: 170016, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38242483

RESUMO

Stoichiometry determines the key characteristics of organisms and ecosystems on a global scale and provides strong instructions on the fate of sediment carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus (C-N-P) during the sedimentation process, contributing to the Earth's C-N-P balance. However, the mechanisms underlying C-N-P stoichiometry in response to intensive human activity and organic matter sources remain underexplored, especially in freshwater ecosystems. This study identifies the temporal patterns of C-N-P stoichiometry, reveals the inner driving factors, and clarifies its impact path, especially in eutrophication (the late 1970s). The results revealed that sediment RCP and RNP increased significantly and were controlled by TCAR and TNAR, respectively, indicating the direct impact of burial rate on C-N-P stoichiometry. Based on redundancy analysis and the STM model, autochthonous origin, GDP, and population had positive effects on sediment TCAR, TNAR, and TPAR, which, in turn, affected RCN, RCP, and RNP. Organic matter sources and human activities have a significant influence on RCN, RCP, and RNP, possibly regulated by the variation of TCAR and TNAR. Autochthonous origin had an indirect positive impact on RCN and RCP through the mediating effect of TCAR. Similarly, through the mediating effect of TNAR, it had an indirect negative impact on RCN and an indirect positive impact on RNP. This study showed that TCAR, TNAR, TPAR, GDP, autochthonous, allochthonous and population better explained the changes in RCN, RCP, and RNP over a-hundred-year deposition, highlighting an in-depth understanding of the dynamic change mechanism of sediment C-N-P stoichiometry during the lake deposition process.

20.
Chemistry ; 30(12): e202303208, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38038726

RESUMO

Fluorophores are considered powerful tools for not only enabling the visualization of cell structures, substructures, and biological processes, but also making for the quantitative and qualitative measurement of various analytes in living systems. However, most fluorophores do not meet the diverse requirements for biological applications in terms of their photophysical and biological properties. Hybridization is an important strategy in molecular engineering that provides fluorophores with complementarity and multifunctionality. This review summarizes the basic strategies of hybridization with four classes of fluorophores, including xanthene, cyanine, coumarin, and BODIPY with a focus on their structure-property relationship (SPR) and biological applications. This review aims to provide rational hybrid ideas for expanding the reservoir of knowledge regarding fluorophores and promoting the development of newly produced fluorophores for applications in the field of life sciences.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Xantenos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Xantenos/química , Ionóforos
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