Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.268
Filtrar
2.
Br J Radiol ; : 20210189, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interobserver reproducibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in patients with diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with diabetic nephropathy were enrolled in this retrospective study. We measured peak intensity (PEAK), time-to-peak (TP), area under the curve (AUC) and mean transit time (MTT) of renal CEUS in each patient. Each parameter was performed by two independent observers. The interobserver reproducibility was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and Bland-Altman plots by mean difference with 95% limits of agreement (LOAs). RESULTS: The parameters of the left and right kidneys showed moderate or good reliability. The best was the left kidney AUC parameters (ICC,0.945),with a 95% CI of 0.896-0.971.The Bland-Altman plots showed that the mean differences between the right renal parameters (PEAK, TP, AUC and MTT) obtained between the observers 1 and 2 were -6.63%,2.54%,-11.30%,-2.22%, and the 95% LOAs are -30.78 to 17.52%, -30.15 to 35.23%, -43.95 to 21.35%, -44.50 to 40.06%. While the left ones were -2.89%, 0.32%, -8.26%, 1.25% , and the 95% LOAs were -38.50 to 32.72%, -31.98 to 32.62%, -57.89 to 41.37%, -37.21 to 39.71%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Quantitative CEUS can show good interobserver reproducibility, which is better for the right kidney. It seems necessary to establish standardized techniques for obtaining contrast-enhanced quantitative analysis of renal blood perfusion. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Quantitative assessment of renal perfusion by CEUS in patients with diabetic nephropathy provides diagnostic information. Furthermore, renal perfusion assessment in patients with diabetic nephropathy using CEUS has good reproducibility.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 724179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760940

RESUMO

Background: Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a life-threatening disease associated with increased mortality. The urea cycle pathway plays a major role in PPH severity and treatment response. Little is known about the association of the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and PPH prognosis. Methods: Clinical data were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Adult patients (≥18 years) patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in the database were enrolled. Spearman correlation was used to analyze the association of BUN with length of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stays. The chi-square test was used to analyze the association of BUN with mortality rate. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the BUN as an independent prognostic factor of mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to analyze the sensitivity and specificity for mortality. Results: In total, 263 patients who met the selection criteria were enrolled. BUN was significantly positively associated with length of hospital stay and ICU stay (hospital stay: ρ = 0.282, ICU stay: ρ = 0.276; all P < 0.001). Higher hospital, 90-day and 4-year mortality rates were observed in the higher BUN quartile of PPH patients (hospital: P = 0.002; 90-day: P = 0.025; 4-year: P < 0.001). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients in higher BUN quartile tended to have lower 4-year survival (Q1:7.65%, Q2: 10.71%; Q3: 14.80%, Q4: 16.84%; P < 0.0001). Logistic regression analyses found a significant association of BUN and mortality (hospital: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08, P = 0.001; 90-day: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 1.00-1.05, P = 0.027; 4-year: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08, P = 0.001). Results of ROC and AUC showed that the diagnostic performance of BUN for mortality was moderately good. Conclusion: BUN was positively correlated with the length of hospital stay and ICU stay of PPH patients. Higher BUN was associated with higher hospital, 90-day and 4-year mortality and lower 4-year survival of PPH patients. These findings indicate that BUN can be a novel potential prognostic predictor for PPH.

4.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789402

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) parameters and histopathological features in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Sixty-two patients with DN (44 men, mean age: 52.61 ± 10.63 y) were enrolled. They underwent renal biopsy for DN at the Department of Ultrasound, PLA Hospital, between May 2017 and February 2020. Renal tissue was obtained by ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle biopsy. CEUS was performed, and time-intensity curves (TICs) and renal perfusion parameters were analyzed. Differences in CEUS parameters were analyzed according to the glomerular classification and interstitial fibrosis-tubular atrophy (IFTA) score. Continuous variables were evaluated using the analysis of variance or Mann-Whitney U-test. Discontinuous variables were compared with the χ2-test. Spearman correlation analyses evaluated associations among quantitative ultrasound perfusion parameters and histopathological characteristics. Peak enhancement (PE), wash-in rate (WiR), wash-in perfusion index (WiPI) and wash-out rate (WoR) of the cortex, and their cortex/medulla ratios, decreased with increasing glomerular classification grade (p < 0.05). The fall time (FT) of the cortex, and their cortex/medulla ratios, increased with increasing glomerular classification grade (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the CEUS parameters for different IFTA scores. The perfusion volume-relevant parameters (such as PE, WiR and WiPI) had a negative correlation (p < 0.05), while the perfusion time-relevant parameters (such as RT and FT) had a positive correlation (p < 0.05), with the severity of glomerular lesions, glomerulosclerosis rate and number of Kimmelstiel-Wilson lesions. The CEUS parameters of the cortex could reflect pathological characteristics, especially changes in glomerular lesions.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 50(45): 16499-16503, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739014

RESUMO

Novel polynitro azoxypyrazole-based energetic compounds 1,2-bis (4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl) diazene 1-oxide (3) and 1,2-bis (1,4-dinitro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl) diazene 1-oxide (4) were synthesized from 5-amino-pyrazole-4-carbonitrile by optimized reactions. Their structures were characterized by elemental analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Compound 3 exhibits high thermal stability (239 °C), low mechanical sensitivity (IS = 22 J, FS = 240 N) and moderate detonation performance (Dv = 8272 m s-1, P = 28.1 GPa). Compound 4 shows moderate thermal stability (161 °C), decent mechanical sensitivity and higher detonation performance (Dv = 9228 m s-1, P = 38.7 GPa) compared to that of RDX. These newly developed strategies for constructing novel energetic compounds enrich the content of the ever-expanding energetic materials.

6.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 186(1): 105-113, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757942

RESUMO

Objective: Ultrasonography-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is used to treat small low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and has achieved favorable results. However, few studies have compared the outcomes of T1aN0M0 and T1bN0M0 PTC treated with ultrasonography-guided RFA. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients receiving RFA for solitary T1aN0M0 and T1bN0M0 PTC retrospectively. Methods: Patients treated with RFA for solitary T1aN0M0 or T1bN0M0 PTC between April 2014 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were ineligible for or refused surgery. Our institutional review board approved this study. A total of 262 patients were included after adjustment for propensity score matching between the T1a and T1b groups. Local tumor progression (LTP), LTP-free survival, post-treatment complications, change in tumor volume, and RFA-related parameters were compared between the two groups. Results: The LTP rate was 3.82% in both groups, and the LTP and LTP-free survival rates did not significantly differ between the two groups. One patient in group T1b developed transient recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Significant tumor shrinkage was observed during the follow-up. The rate of tumor disappearance rate was higher in group T1a than in group T1b (81.7% vs 52.7%, P < 0.001). During RFA, the output power and total energy were higher and the duration was significantly shorter in group T1b than in group T1a (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The outcomes of RFA for the treatment of T1aN0M0 and T1bN0M0 PTC were similar. Therefore, RFA may be an alternative to surgery for the treatment of T1bN0M0 and T1aN0M0 PTCs.

7.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(1): 3, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817705

RESUMO

Microbial structure and succession of fermented grains play a significant role in Baijiu's flavor and quality. In this study, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) coupled with headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) were used to analyze the microbial community structures and flavor components in the fermented grains at the end of fermentation from different fermentation time of light-flavor Xiaoqu Baijiu. HTS results showed that Lactobacillus acetotolerans, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus buchneri, Wickerhamomyces, Saccharomyces, and Condenascus were identified as the dominant microbes, but Lactobacillus (96.28%) exhibited obvious advantages at the end of ultra-long fermentation time (day 98). HS-SPME-GC-MS analysis revealed that esters and alcohols had the most abundance in fermented grains of day 98, containing high concentrations of ethyl acetate, diethyl succinate, phenylethyl alcohol, isoamyl alcohol, and n-propanol, which were related to the succession of Lactobacillus and yeast communities. Interestingly, the content of n-propanol in the ultra-long fermentation time samples (day 98) was 6 times of that in normal fermented grains (day 14), which may be caused by higher abundance of Lactobacillus in day 98 samples. Monte Carlo permutation test showed residual starch, acidity, and amino nitrogen (p < 0.05) were important factors affecting the microbial community. Together, these results shed light on the physicochemical changes, microbial dynamics, and key flavor components of fermented grains at the end of fermentation from different fermentation time and provide a strategy for further improvement of Baijiu quality.

8.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823360

RESUMO

A facile synthesis of bromodifluoromethylated selenides under metal-free conditions is described here. Commercially available Me3SiCF2Br and bench-stable selenosulfonates react smoothly to give a broad scope of alkyl- and aryl-substituted bromodifluoromethylated selenides in moderate to good yields via a difluorocarbene intermediate. This protocol features a short reaction time, the absence of toxic waste, good scalability, and successful late-stage modification of bioactive molecules. In addition, the title products can be easily converted to different fluorinated and 18F-labeled selenides.

9.
Opt Express ; 29(24): 40187-40193, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809365

RESUMO

Self-healing of an Airy beam during propagation is of fundamental interest and also promises important applications. Despite many studies of Airy beams in the quantum regime, it is unclear whether an Airy beam only including a single photon can heal after passing an obstacle because the photon may be blocked. Here we experimentally observe self-healing of a heralded single-photon Airy beam. Our observation implies that an Airy wave packet is robust against obstacle caused distortion and can restore even at the single-photon level.

10.
Biomaterials ; : 121261, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815099

RESUMO

Immunogenic cell death (ICD) is a promising strategy in cancer immunotherapy to induce high immunogenicity and activate the immune system. However, its efficacy is counteracted by the concurrent exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS), an immunosuppressive signal on the surface of cancer cells. Here we report the synthesis of a bimetallic metal-organic framework (MOF) nanoparticle containing Gd3+ and Zn2+ (Gd-MOF-5) that can be used as an immunomodulator to downregulate the immunosuppressive PS signal and an ICD inducer to upregulate immunostimulatory signals. Gd3+ inhibits PS externalization via inhibiting the activity of scramblase, an enzyme to transfer PS to the outer leaflet of plasma membrane. Moreover, intracellular Zn2+ overload activates endoplasmic reticulum stress for ICD induction. In combination with an immune checkpoint inhibitor (PD-L1 antibody, denoted as aPDL1), Gd-MOF-5 activated potent immune response and effectively inhibited primary and distal tumor growth in a bilateral 4T1 tumor model. This work presents a new strategy using designed MOF materials to modulate the cell signalling and immunosuppressive microenvironment to improve the outcome of cancer immunotherapy.

11.
MycoKeys ; 84: 15-33, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720645

RESUMO

Tea-oil tree (Camelliaoleifera Abel.) is an important edible oil woody plant with a planting area over 3,800,000 hectares in southern China. Species of Diaporthe inhabit a wide range of plant hosts as plant pathogens, endophytes and saprobes. At present, relatively little is known about the taxonomy and genetic diversity of Diaporthe on C.oleifera. Here, we conducted an extensive field survey in Hunan Province in China to identify and characterise Diaporthe species associated with tea-oil leaf spots. As a result, eleven isolates of Diaporthe were obtained from symptomatic C.oleifera leaves. These isolates were studied by applying a polyphasic approach including morphological and phylogenetic analyses of partial ITS, cal, his3, tef1 and tub2 gene regions. Two new Diaporthe species (D.camelliae-oleiferae and D.hunanensis) were proposed and described herein, and C.oleifera was revealed to be new host records of D.hubeiensis and D.sojae. This study indicated there is a potential of more undiscovered Diaporthe species from C.oleifera in China.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(18): 1462, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734014

RESUMO

Background: Heat shock protein A12B (HSPA12B) plays a considerable protective role for cells, tissues, and organs against various noxious conditions. However, the expression of HSPA12B in cancer biology remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the expression of HSPA12B and its role in cell adhesion mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR) of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Methods: In this study, the expression of HSPA12B in NHL was determined by immunohistochemical, and the effect of HSPA12B expression on the prognosis of NHL was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves. Then, the transfection technique was used to research the effect of HSPA12B in cell apoptosis. The most important was to study the expression changes of HSPA12B in the adhesion model and the effect of overexpression of HSPA12B on CAM-DR. Results: We analyzed the relationship between the expression levels of HSPA12B and clinical parameters in NHL. The expression of HSPA12B was directly related to the different NHL variants. We overexpressed HSPA12B in 2 NHL cell lines and found a subsequent reduction in apoptosis. More specifically, we used an adhesion assay to demonstrate that HSPA12B expression was induced in NHL cells when they adhered to fibronectin (FN) or bone marrow stroma cells (BMSCs). Finally, it was revealed that HSPA12B overexpression enhances CAM-DR. Conclusions: Our data suggest that HSPA12B may play a functional role in CAM-DR and is thus a potential novel target for NHL treatment.

13.
Environ Res ; : 112318, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742710

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. Impact of air pollution (AP) on the risk of AD is unclear. It is unknown which air pollutants are independently associated with AD and whether fish consumption mitigated the association. We carried out a community-based cohort of 6115 participants aged ≥60 years in China to examine the association of PM2.5, PM10, CO, NO2, SO2 and O3 exposure with AD, and differences in the association between people with low and high consumption of fish. The participants were randomly recruited from six counties in Zhejiang province for health survey to document socio-demographic and disease risk factors in 2014, and were followed up to diagnose AD in 2019. A total of 986 cohort members were diagnosed with AD. Based on the daily mean air pollutants monitored in 2013-2015 in the counties, participants were divided into low, middle and high AP exposure groups for subsequent analysis. The multiple adjusted odds ratio (OR) of AD in participants living with the middle and high levels of PM2.5 exposure versus the low exposure were 1.50 (95% CI 0.90-2.50) and 3.92 (2.09-7.37). The increased ORs were also with PM10 (1.74, 0.65-4.64; 3.00, 1.22-7.41) and CO (2.86, 1.32-6.20; 1.19, 0.45-3.18), but not with NO2 (0.63, 0.17-2.27; 0.95, 0.28-3.19), SO2 (0.44, 0.19-1.001; 1.21, 0.56-2.62), and O3 (0.38, 0.20-0.74; 0.50, 0.21-1.21). There were no significant interaction effects of AP with fish consumption on AD. However, participants with low consumption of fish appeared to have higher ORs in PM2.5 exposure (1.80, 1.39-2.33; 5.18, 3.93-6.82) than those high consumption (1.38, 0.78-2.47; 2.89, 1.50-5.59). Our findings of PM2.5 and PM10 exposure significantly increased the risk of AD and the potential mitigating effect of fish consumption on the association provide evidence for developing effective strategies for AD reduction and air pollution control.

14.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(11): e2133596, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751758

RESUMO

Importance: The labor migration of parents in China often leaves children behind, which may be adversely associated with children's health. However, few studies have assessed the association of parental migration with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) or with suicidality among their offspring. Objective: To examine the associations of parental labor migration with NSSI and with suicidality as well as potential differential associations by sex among offspring left behind. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted from February to October 2015 among individuals aged 11 to 20 years from 45 public middle and high schools across 5 provinces of China. Data analysis was performed from November 1, 2020, to March 1, 2021. Exposures: Parental labor migration, including parental migration status (yes vs no), migration pattern (father, mother, or both), and the child's age at the initial parent-child separation. Main Outcomes and Measures: Less frequent (1-4 episodes) NSSI, more frequent (≥5 episodes) NSSI, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt in the past year were measured using validated questionnaires. Multinomial or binomial logistic regression analyses were used separately to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% CIs of the associations between parental migration and NSSI, suicidal ideation, or suicide attempt. Potential covariates (demographic, family-level, and psychological characteristics) were adjusted for in 3 sequential models. Results: A total of 15 312 participants (7904 male [51.6%] and 7408 female [48.4%]) aged 11 to 20 years (mean [SD] age, 15.1 [1.8] years) were included. Of those participants, 5963 (23.3%) experienced parental migration. The 12-month prevalence of less frequent NSSI was 17.2% (2635 of 15 312), the 12-month prevalence of more frequent NSSI was 11.6% (1783 of 15 312), the 12-month prevalence of suicidal ideation was 15.2% (2335 of 15 312), and the 12-month prevalence of suicide attempt was 3.5% (535 of 15 312). Parental migration was associated with less frequent NSSI (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03-1.24); no significant association of parental migration with more frequent NSSI (aOR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.90-1.13), suicidal ideation (aOR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.90-1.10), or suicide attempt (aOR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.90-1.33) was identified. Compared with children whose parents did not migrate, the aOR for less frequent NSSI for participants whose father migrated was 1.18 (95% CI, 1.06-1.31), and the aOR for less frequent NSSI for participants having both parents migrate was 1.12 (95% CI, 1.01-1.28). Compared with children whose parents did not migrate, participants who experienced initial separation from 1 or both parents at preschool age had an aOR for less frequent NSSI of 1.16 (95% CI, 1.03-1.31). No sex disparities were found in these associations except for participants who experienced initial separation from 1 or both migrant parents at preschool age, for which the aOR for more frequent NSSI was higher among male (aOR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.04-1.55) than female (aOR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.77-1.19) participants. Conclusions and Relevance: This cross-sectional study found that parental migration, mainly of the father or of both parents, or an initial separation of children at preschool age from 1 or both parents who migrated was associated with higher odds of experiencing 1 to 4 NSSI episodes in 1 year among offspring. Overall, the associations of parental migration with NSSI and suicidality were similar between male and female participants.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 740576, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778254

RESUMO

Cochlear implantation (CI) is the major treatment for severe sensorineural hearing loss. However, the fibrotic tissue forming around the electrodes reduces the treatment effectiveness of CI. Dexamethasone (DEX) is usually applied routinely in perioperative treatment of cochlear implantation (CI), but its diffusion in the inner ear after systemic administration is limited. In the present study, an electrode coated with polycaprolactone (PCL) loaded with dexamethasone was developed with a simple preparation process to maintain the stability of the electrode itself. The DEX-loaded PCL coating has good biocompatibility and does not change the smoothness, flexibility, or compliance of the implant electrode. Stable and effective DEX concentrations were maintained for more than 9 months. Compared with the pristine electrode, decreasing intracochlear fibrosis, protection of hair cells and spiral ganglion cells, and better residual hearing were observed 5 weeks after PCL-DEX electrode implantation. The PCL-DEX electrode has great potential in preventing hearing loss and fibrosis by regulating macrophages and inhibiting the expression of the fibrosis-related factors IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-4, and TGF-ß1. In conclusion, the PCL-DEX electrode coating shows promising application in CI surgery.

16.
Life (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833134

RESUMO

Microsatellites (simple sequence repeats, SSRs) are ubiquitously distributed in almost all known genomes. Here, the first investigation was designed to examine the SSRs and compound microsatellites (CSSRs) in genomes of Leptolyngbya-like strains. The results disclosed diversified patterns of distribution, abundance, density, and diversity of SSRs and CSSRs in genomes, indicating that they may be subject to rapid evolutionary change. The numbers of SSRs and CSSRs were extremely unevenly distributed among genomes, ranging from 11,086 to 24,000 and from 580 to 1865, respectively. Dinucleotide SSRs were the most abundant category in 31 genomes, while the other 15 genomes followed the pattern: mono- > di- > trinucleotide SSRs. The patterns related to SSRs and CSSRs showed differences among phylogenetic groups. Both SSRs and CSSRs were overwhelmingly distributed in coding regions. The numbers of SSRs and CSSRs were significantly positively correlated with genome size (p < 0.01) and negatively correlated with GC content (p < 0.05). Moreover, the motif (A/C)n and (AG)n was predominant in mononucleotide and dinucleotide SSRs, and unique motifs of CSSRs were identified in 39 genomes. This study provides the first insight into SSRs and CSSRs in genomes of Leptolyngbya-like strains and will be useful to understanding their distribution, predicting their function, and tracking their evolution. Additionally, the identified SSRs may provide an evolutionary advantage of fast adaptation to environmental changes and may play an important role in the cosmopolitan distribution of Leptolyngbya strains to globally diverse niches.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636773

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious health issue because of its severe sequelae. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV is critical to eliminate chronic HBV infection. Here, we reviewed the progress toward the elimination of HBV infection in children in China in the recent decade. A universal hepatitis B vaccination program started from 2002 has been intensified, with the coverage of timely birth dose >95% of all newborn infants from 2012. Since 2011, China has taken a nationwide program to administer hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) with free of charge in all neonates of HBV-infected mothers, leading to a significant increment of timely use of HBIG. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was declined from around 10% among children in 1980s to <0.5% among children born after 2011. Administration of oral antiviral agents in HBV-infected pregnant women with HBV DNA >2 × 105 U/mL during the third trimester is increasing, which will further reduce MTCT of HBV. However, there are some challenges in the elimination of HBV infection in children, which need to overcome by the concerted efforts. Nevertheless, it is anticipated that China will achieve the goal set by the World Health Organization that the prevalence of HBsAg in children aged <5 years is ≤0.1% by 2030.

18.
Plants (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685910

RESUMO

Both low temperature and nitrogen starvation caused chlorosis of cyanobacteria. Here, in this study, for the first time, we compared the effects of low temperature, nitrogen starvation, and their combination on the photosynthesis and metabolites of a thermophilic cyanobacterium strain, Thermosynechococcus E542. Under various culture conditions, the growth rates, pigment contents, and chlorophyll fluorescence were monitored, and the composition of alkanes, lipidomes, and carbohydrates were determined. It was found that low temperature (35 °C) significantly suppressed the growth of Thermosynechococcus E542. Nitrogen starvation at 45 °C and 55 °C did not affect the growth; however, combined treatment of low temperature and nitrogen starvation led to the lowest growth rate and biomass productivity. Both low temperature and nitrogen starvation caused significantly declined contents of pigments, but they resulted in a different effect on the OJIP curves, and their combination led to the lowest pigment contents. The composition of fatty acids and alkanes was altered upon low-temperature cultivation, while nitrogen starvation caused reduced contents of all lipids. The low temperature did not affect carbohydrate contents, while nitrogen starvation greatly enhanced carbohydrate content, and their combination did not enhance carbohydrate content, but led to reduced productivity. These results revealed the influence of low temperature, nitrogen starvation, and their combined treatment for the accumulation of phycobiliproteins, lipids, and carbohydrates of a thermophilic cyanobacterium strain, Thermosynechococcus E542.

19.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 749923, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690685

RESUMO

Serotonin transporter (SERT) modulates the level of 5-HT and significantly affects the activity of serotonergic neurons in the central nervous system. The manipulation of SERT has lasting neurobiological and behavioral consequences, including developmental dysfunction, depression, and anxiety. Auditory disorders have been widely reported as the adverse events of these mental diseases. It is unclear how SERT impacts neuronal connections/interactions and what mechanism(s) may elicit the disruption of normal neural network functions in auditory cortex. In the present study, we report on the neuronal morphology and function of auditory cortex in SERT knockout (KO) mice. We show that the dendritic length of the fourth layer (L-IV) pyramidal neurons and the second-to-third layer (L-II/III) interneurons were reduced in the auditory cortex of the SERT KO mice. The number and density of dendritic spines of these neurons were significantly less than those of wild-type neurons. Also, the frequency-tonotopic organization of primary auditory cortex was disrupted in SERT KO mice. The auditory neurons of SERT KO mice exhibited border frequency tuning with high-intensity thresholds. These findings indicate that SERT plays a key role in development and functional maintenance of auditory cortical neurons. Auditory function should be examined when SERT is selected as a target in the treatment for psychiatric disorders.

20.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 7466313, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691317

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of moxibustion on joint swelling and pain and the levels of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), ß-endorphin (ß-EP) in serum of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism of moxibustion on improving RA. Methods: Sixty-eight patients with RA were randomly and equally classified into the control and treatment groups. The control group was treated with routine drug therapy, while the treatment group received routine drug therapy and moxibustion. Both groups were treated for eight weeks. The symptoms and laboratory indicators of RA patients were compared in the two groups before and after intervention. Results: Sixty-one patients completed the study: four patients dropped out from the treatment group and three from the control group. Trial endpoints were change (∆) in symptoms, measured by Ritchie's articular index (RAI), swollen joint count (SJC), and laboratory indicators, measured by the level of CXCL1, ß-EP, tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). ∆RAI, ∆SJC, ∆CXCL1, ∆ß-EP, ∆TNF-α, and ∆IL-1ß in the treatment group were superior to the control group (13.50 [14.50] versus 6.00 [13.00] in ∆RAI, 4.00 [3.00] versus 2.00 [4.00] in ∆SJC, 0.04 ± 0.79 ng/mL versus -0.01 ± 0.86 ng/mL in ∆CXCL1, -2.43 [5.52] pg/mg versus -0.04 [4.09] pg/mg in ∆ß-EP, 3.45 [5.90] pg/mL versus 1.55 [8.29] pg/mL in ∆TNF-α, and 6.15 ± 8.65 pg/mL versus 1.28 ± 8.51 pg/mL in ∆IL-1ß; all P < 0.05). Conclusion: Moxibustion can improve the joint swelling and pain symptoms in patients with RA, which may be related to the fact that moxibustion can reduce the release of inflammatory factors in patients with RA and downregulate the level of CXCL1 and increase the level of ß-EP at the same time. This trial is registered with ChiCTR-IOR-17012282.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...