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1.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719737

RESUMO

Although the development of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) has been studied in great detail, their heterogeneity and relationships to different cell lineages remain incompletely understood. Moreover, the role of Vascular Adhesion Protein-1 in bone marrow hematopoiesis has remained unknown. Here we show that VAP-1, an adhesin and a primary amine oxidase producing hydrogen peroxide, is expressed on a subset of human HSC and bone marrow vasculature forming a hematogenic niche. Bulk and single-cell RNAseq analyses reveal that VAP-1+ HSC represent a transcriptionally unique small subset of differentiated and proliferating HSC, while VAP-1- HSC are the most primitive HSC. VAP-1 generated hydrogen peroxide acts via the p53 signaling pathway to regulate HSC proliferation. HSC expansion and differentiation into colony-forming units are enhanced by inhibition of VAP-1. Contribution of VAP-1 to HSC proliferation was confirmed with mice deficient of VAP-1, mice expressing mutated VAP-1 and using an enzyme inhibitor. In conclusion, VAP-1 expression allows the characterization and prospective isolation of a new subset of human HSC. Since VAP-1 serves as a check point-like inhibitor in HSC differentiation, the use of VAP-1 inhibitors enables the expansion of HSC.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 754932, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722590

RESUMO

Background: The link between psoriasis and body fat (or obesity) has been well established. However, there are no reports detailing the possible relationship between psoriasis and fat infiltration in skeletal muscle, also known as myosteatosis. A recent study reported the possible association between psoriasis, arthritis, and sarcopenia (the loss of skeletal muscle mass or function). The present study aimed to explore the possible associations of chronic plaque psoriasis with myosteatosis and sarcopenia. Methods: We conducted a case-control study. In-patients with chronic plaque psoriasis were retrospectively recruited. Healthy controls were prospectively and continuously recruited. Unenhanced cross-sectional chest computed tomography images at the 12th thoracic vertebral level were analyzed using Mimics software. Skeletal muscle area (SMA), skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD), and intermuscular adiposity tissue (IMAT) were measured. The skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as SMA/height2. The percentage of IMAT (IMAT%) was calculated as IMAT/SMA × 100%. Myosteatosis was defined by SMD or IMAT%, whereas sarcopenia was defined by SMI. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for the main confounders. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations of psoriasis with myosteatosis and sarcopenia. Results: We included 155 psoriasis patients and 512 healthy controls. After propensity score matching, we retained 310 controls. The prevalence of sarcopenia was not significantly different between the psoriasis and control groups (men: 9.8% vs. 14.4%, p = 0.244; women: 7.0% vs. 11.7%, p = 0.548). Psoriasis patients were more prone to SMD-defined myosteatosis (men: 39.3% vs. 20.8%; women: 46.5% vs. 16.0%; both p < 0.001) and IMAT%-defined myosteatosis (men: 21.4% vs. 12.5%, p = 0.034; women: 46.5 vs. 28.7%, p = 0.042) than the control group. After adjustment for potential confounders, psoriasis was not significantly associated with sarcopenia (odds ratio [OR] 0.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.25-1.19, p = 0.136). However, psoriasis was associated with SMD-defined myosteatosis (OR 3.16, 95% CI 1.86-5.37, p < 0.001) and IMAT%-defined myosteatosis (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.04-3.00; p = 0.037). Conclusions: Chronic plaque psoriasis is independently associated with myosteatosis but not sarcopenia. Since fat and muscle are considered endocrine organs and can drive the inflammatory process, further studies detailing the interaction between psoriasis, fat, and skeletal muscle are warranted.

3.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813282

RESUMO

The identification of formylpyrimidines in DNA is crucial for a better understanding of epigenetics. Although many techniques have been explored to detect their content, more accurate methods of formylpyrimidine determination are still required due to the relatively lower sensitivity or lack of selectivity in current methods. Herein, an electrochemical method based on the covalent bonding of the azido derivative of (2-benzimidazolyl) acetonitrile (azi-BIAN) and the aldehyde group of 5-formyluracil (5fU) was proposed for the selective detection of 5fU in the presence of 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and apyrimidinic (AP) sites. Target DNA containing 5fU was first treated with azi-BIAN and then incubated with DBCO-PEG4-Biotin to introduce a biotin group by copper-free click chemistry. Next, the sulfhydryl group was attached to the 5' end of above DNA through T4 polynucleotide kinase-catalyzed reaction. Subsequently, the labeled DNA was assembled onto the AuNPs-modified glassy carbon electrode (AuNPs/GCE) through Au-S bonds, and the streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase conjugate (SA-HRP) was further immobilized onto the surface of the above electrode by specific recognition between biotin and streptavidin. Finally, HRP catalyzed hydroquinone oxidation to benzoquinone to enhance the current signal, which was related to the amount of 5fU in nucleic acids. This method demonstrated a good linear relationship with 5fU concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 10 nM. Moreover, the level of 5fU in γ-irradiated nucleic acids was also successfully detected, indicating that the combination of molecule-depended chemical recognition and electrochemical sensing is a promising method for the selective and sensitive detection of 5fU.

4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 757135, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804951

RESUMO

The RNA-binding motif (RBM) proteins are a class of RNA-binding proteins named, containing RNA-recognition motifs (RRMs), RNA-binding domains, and ribonucleoprotein motifs. RBM proteins are involved in RNA metabolism, including splicing, transport, translation, and stability. Many studies have found that aberrant expression and dysregulated function of RBM proteins family members are closely related to the occurrence and development of cancers. This review summarizes the role of RBM proteins family genes in cancers, including their roles in cancer occurrence and cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis. It is essential to understand the mechanisms of these proteins in tumorigenesis and development, and to identify new therapeutic targets and prognostic markers.

5.
Chemosphere ; : 133001, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808205

RESUMO

The photo-Fenton-like catalytic process has shown great application potential in environmental remediation. Herein, a novel photo-Fenton-like catalyst of Bi2WO6 nanosheets decorated hortensia-like CoAl-layered double hydroxides (Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs) was synthesized via hydrothermal process. The optimized Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs composite performed the high-efficiency photo-Fenton-like catalytic performance for oxytetracycline (OTC) removal (98.47%) in the mediation of visible-light and H2O2. The comparative experiment, technical characterization and density functional theory calculation results indicated that the efficient photo-Fenton-like catalytic performance of Bi2WO6/CoAl-LDHs was attributed to the synergistic action of the Fenton-like process of cobalt ions in CoAl-LDHs, an internal electric field and the S-scheme heterojunction form between Bi2WO6 and CoAl-LDHs, which could significantly promote the active substance formation and the photocatalytic process in the catalytic system. This study will stimulate the new inspiration of designing the efficient catalytic system for environmental remediation and other fields.

6.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(29): 8729-8739, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypotension after the induction of anesthesia is known to be associated with various adverse events. The involvement of a series of factors makes the prediction of hypotension during anesthesia quite challenging. AIM: To explore the ability and effectiveness of a random forest (RF) model in the prediction of post-induction hypotension (PIH) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Patient information was obtained from the electronic health records of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University. The study included patients, ≥ 18 years of age, who underwent cardiac surgery from December 2007 to January 2018. An RF algorithm, which is a supervised machine learning technique, was employed to predict PIH. Model performance was assessed by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic. Mean decrease in the Gini index was used to rank various features based on their importance. RESULTS: Of the 3030 patients included in the study, 1578 (52.1%) experienced hypotension after the induction of anesthesia. The RF model performed effectively, with an AUC of 0.843 (0.808-0.877) and identified mean blood pressure as the most important predictor of PIH after anesthesia. Age and body mass index also had a significant impact. CONCLUSION: The generated RF model had high discrimination ability for the identification of individuals at high risk for a hypotensive event during cardiac surgery. The study results highlighted that machine learning tools confer unique advantages for the prediction of adverse post-anesthesia events.

7.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 58, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Administration of propofol, an intravenous anesthetic with antioxidant property, immediately at the onset of post-ischemic reperfusion (propofol postconditioning, P-PostC) has been shown to confer cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, while the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. The FoxO transcription factors are reported to play critical roles in activating cardiomyocyte survival signaling throughout the process of cellular injuries induced by oxidative stress and are also involved in hypoxic postconditioning mediated neuroprotection, however, the role of FoxO in postconditioning mediated protection in the heart and in particular in high glucose condition is unknown. METHODS: Rat heart-derived H9c2 cells were exposed to high glucose (HG) for 48 h (h), then subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R, composed of 8 h of hypoxia followed by 12 h of reoxygenation) in the absence or presence of postconditioning with various concentrations of propofol (P-PostC) at the onset of reoxygenation. After having identified the optical concentration of propofol, H9c2 cells were subjected to H/R and P-PostC in the absence or presence of FoxO1 or FoxO3a gene silencing to explore their roles in P-PostC mediated protection against apoptotic and autophagic cell deaths under hyperglycemia. RESULTS: The results showed that HG with or without H/R decreased cell viability, increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in H9c2 cells, all of which were significantly reversed by propofol (P-PostC), especially at the concentration of 25 µmol/L (P25) (all P < 0.05, NC vs. HG; HG vs. HG + HR; HG + HR + P12.5 or HG + HR + P25 or HG + HR + P50 vs. HG + HR). Moreover, we found that propofol (P25) decreased H9c2 cells apoptosis and autophagy that were concomitant with increased FoxO1 and FoxO3a expression (all P < 0.05, HG + HR + P25 vs. HG + HR). The protective effects of propofol (P25) against H/R injury were reversed by silencing FoxO1 or FoxO3a (all P < 0.05, HG + HR + P25 vs. HG + HR + P25 + siRNA-1 or HG + HR + P25 + siRNA-5). CONCLUSION: It is concluded that propofol postconditioning attenuated H9c2 cardiac cells apoptosis and autophagy induced by H/R injury through upregulating FoxO1 and FoxO3a under hyperglycemia.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 766740, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745142

RESUMO

Duck viral hepatitis (DVH) is an acute, highly lethal infectious disease of ducklings that causes huge losses in the duck industry. Duck hepatitis A virus genotype 3 (DHAV-3) has been one of the most prevalent DVH pathogen in the Asian duck industry in recent years. Here, we investigated the genetic basis of the resistance and susceptibility of ducks to DVH by comparing the genomes and transcriptomes of a resistant Pekin duck flock (Z8) and a susceptible Pekin duck flock (SZ7). Our comparative genomic and transcriptomic analyses suggested that NOD1 showed a strong signal of association with DVH susceptibility in ducks. Then, we found that NOD1 showed a significant expression difference between the livers of susceptible and resistant individuals after infection with DHAV-3, with higher expression in the SZ7 flock. Furthermore, suppression and overexpression experiments showed that the number of DHAV-3 genomic copies in primary duck hepatocytes was influenced by the expression level of NOD1. In addition, in situ RNAscope analysis showed that the localization of NOD1 and DHAV-3 in liver cells was consistent. Altogether, our data suggested that NOD1 was likely associated with DHAV-3 susceptibility in ducks, which provides a target for future investigations of the pathogenesis of DVH.

9.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 670594, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595214

RESUMO

Purpose: To detect lung metastases, we conducted a retrospective study to improve patient prognosis. Methods: Hypertension patients with ocular metastases (OM group; n = 58) and without metastases (NM group; n = 1,217) were selected from individuals with lung cancer admitted to our hospital from April 2005 to October 2019. The clinical characteristics were compared by Student's t-test and chi-square test. Independent risk factors were identified by binary logistic regression, and their diagnostic value evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: Age and sex did not differ significantly between OM and NM groups; There were significant differences in pathological type and treatment. Adenocarcinoma was the main pathological type in the OM group (67.24%), while squamous cell carcinoma was the largest proportion (46.43%) in the NM group, followed by adenocarcinoma (34.10%). The OM group were treated with chemotherapy (55.17%), while the NM group received both chemotherapy (39.93%) and surgical treatment (37.06%). Significant differences were detected in the concentrations of cancer antigen (CA)-125, CA-199, CA-153, alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin fraction 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), total prostate-specific antigen, alkaline phosphatase, and hemoglobin (Student's t-test). Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that CA-199, CA-153, AFP, CEA, and CYRFA21-1 were independent risk factors for lung cancer metastasis. AFP (98.3%) and CEA (89.3%) exhibited the highest sensitivity and specificity, respectively, while CYRFA21-1 had the highest area under the ROC curve value (0.875), with sensitivity and specificity values of 77.6 and 87.0%, respectively. Hence, CYFRA21-1 had the best diagnostic value.

10.
Bosn J Basic Med Sci ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627135

RESUMO

With the continuous development of drug screening technology, new screening methodologies and technologies are constantly emerging, driving drug screening into rapid, efficient and high-throughput development. Microfluidics is a rising star in the development of innovative approaches in drug discovery. In this article, we summarize the recent years' progress of microfluidic chip technology in drug screening, including the developmental history, structural design, and applications in different aspects of microfluidic chips on drug screening. Herein, the existing microfluidic chip screening platforms are summarized from four aspects: chip structure design, sample injection and drive system, cell culture technology on a chip, and efficient remote detection technology. Furthermore, this review discusses the application and developmental prospects of using microfluidic chips in drug screening, particularly in screening natural product anticancer drugs based on chemical properties, pharmacological effects, and drug cytotoxicity.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 725399, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604354

RESUMO

Background: The feasibility of spironolactone withdrawal in dilated cardiomyopathy patients with improved ejection fraction remains unknown. This study sought to determine whether spironolactone can be withdrawn safely in this circumstance. Methods: Consecutive patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and prescribed spironolactone at discharge were included in this prospective, observational cohort using the Risk Evaluation and Management in Heart Failure Trial (NCT02998788) database. Those patients who experienced an absolute left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improvement ≥10% and a second measurement of LVEF >40% would choose whether to continue spironolactone therapy and be included in final analysis. The primary endpoint was dilated cardiomyopathy relapse within 12 months, defined as a more than 10% reduction in LVEF, a 15% or greater increase in LVESVi, a 2-fold rise in NT-proBNP, or clinical signs of heart failure. Results: Seventy patients achieved an ejection fraction improvement and were included in the final analysis, of whom 30 chose to continue spironolactone and 40 decided to withdraw. In primary endpoint analysis, 23 (58%) patients from the withdrawal group and 4 (13%) patients from the continuation group relapsed (relative risk for relapse: 4.31; 95% CI: 1.67-11.11; p < 0.001). Patients from the withdrawal group experienced more symptom aggravation than the continuation group. No secondary safety endpoint was recorded. Improvements in cardiac structure parameters were no longer observed after spironolactone withdrawal, while improvements persisted in continuation group. Conclusions: Most dilated cardiomyopathy patients with improved ejection fraction will relapse after spironolactone withdrawal. These results should be weighed before spironolactone withdrawal was attempted.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637601

RESUMO

Human-treated dentin matrix (hTDM) is a biomaterial scaffold, which can induce implant cells to differentiate into odontoblasts and then form neo-dentin. However, hTDM with long storage or prepared by high-speed handpiece would not to form neo-dentin. In this research, we developed two fresh hTDM with different grinding speeds, which were low-speed hTDM (LTDM) with maximum speed of 500 rpm and high-speed hTDM (HTDM) with a speed of 3,80,000 rpm. Here, we aim to understand whether there were induced regeneration capacity differences between LTDM and HTDM. Scanning electron microscope showed that DFCs grew well on both materials, but the morphology of DFCs and the extracellular matrix was different. Especially, the secreted extracellular matrixes on the inner surface of LTDM were regular morphology and ordered arrangement around the dentin tubules. The transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blot and immunofluorescence assay showed that the dentin markers DSPP and DMP-1 were about 2× greater in DFCs induced by LTDM than by HTDM, and osteogenic marker BSP was about 2× greater in DFCs induced by HTDM than by LTDM. Histological examinations of the harvested grafts observed the formation of neo-tissue were different, and there were neo-dentin formed on the inner surface of LTDM and neo-cementum formed on the outer surface of HTDM. In summary, it found that the induction abilities of LTDM and HTDM are different, and the dentin matrix is directional. This study lays a necessary foundation for searching the key factors of dentin regeneration in future.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679892

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different dietary pantothenic acid levels on growth performance, carcass traits, and plasma biochemical parameters of starter Pekin ducks from 1 to 21 days of age, as well as the pantothenic acid requirement of starter ducks. A total of 384 one-day-old male white Pekin ducklings were assigned randomly into 6 dietary treatments, each with 8 replicate pens of 8 ducks. Ducks were fed conventional basal corn-soybean diets containing 8.5, 10.5, 12.5, 14.5, 16.5, and 18.5 mg/kg pantothenic acid for 21 days. Growth depression, poor pantothenic acid status, fasting hypoglycemia, and elevated plasma uric acid (UA) content were observed in the ducks fed the pantothenic acid-deficient basal diet (p < 0.05), and these adverse effects were ameliorated by pantothenic acid supplementation. Among all ducks, the birds fed the basal diet with no supplementation of pantothenic acid had the lowest body weight, average daily weight gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), breast meat yield, and plasma pantothenic acid and glucose contents (p < 0.05), and the greatest plasma UA content (p < 0.05). In addition, all these parameters showed a linear or quadratic response as dietary pantothenic acid levels increased (p < 0.05). According to broken-line regression, the pantothenic acid requirements of starter male white Pekin ducks for body weight, ADG, and plasma pantothenic acid content were 13.36, 13.29, and 15.0 mg/kg, respectively. The data potentially provides theoretical support for the utilization of pantothenic acid in duck production.

14.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640275

RESUMO

The green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from biological waste, as well as their excellent antibacterial properties, is currently attracting significant research attention. This study synthesized AgNPs from different mango peel extract concentrations while investigating their characteristics and antibacterial properties. The results showed that the AgNPs were irregular with rod-like, spherical shapes and were detected in a range of 25 nm to 75 nm. The AgNPs displayed antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), showing a more significant impact when synthesized with 0.20 g/mL of mango peel extract. Therefore, the antibacterial effect of different diluted AgNP concentrations on the growth kinetic curves of E. coli and S. aureus after synthesis with 0.20 g/mL mango peel extract was analyzed. The results indicated that the AgNP antibacterial activity was higher against S. aureus than against E. coli, while the AgNP IC50 in these two strains was approximately 1.557 mg/mL and 2.335 mg/L, respectively. This research provides new insights regarding the use of postharvest mango byproducts and the potential for developing additional AgNP composite antibacterial materials for fruit and vegetable preservation.

15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 736113, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650920

RESUMO

Background: At present, chemotherapy is still the primary treatment for advanced biliary tract carcinoma, but it is challenging to balance the efficacy and side effects. Network meta-analysis (NMA) is a better way to identify the protocol, and the advantage is that it can be combined with direct and indirect evidence to judge the best treatment regimens. Therefore, we conducted NMA on the searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: NMA was conducted regarding the searched RCTs by comparing progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective remission rates (ORRs), and adverse events (AEs) of different chemotherapy protocols. Results: We screened 24 studies that met the inclusion criteria for further analysis. Compared with other regimens, the best supportive care (BSC) or FUFA protocol has a worse OS. Folfox4, GEMOX+erlotinib, and C+GEMOX can improve patients' PFS compared with BSC. Patients receiving GP+cediranib protocol have higher ORRs. There was reduced neutropenia grade ≥3 when adopting GP+cediranib, GS, C+GEMOX, RAM+GP, and MER+GP than when using FUFA protocol. The probability of vomiting of XELOX is lower than that of GEM+XELOX. There is a lower diarrhea incidence of XELOX than that of GEMOX+erlotinib. The results of cluster grade analysis illustrated that GEMOX+erlotinib owned a higher ORR and a higher surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) of neutropenia and vomiting but also had a lower SUCRA of diarrhea and fatigue. Meanwhile, both GEMOX and C+GEMOX have a better ORR and a higher AE SUCRA. Conclusion: The NMA demonstrated that chemotherapy combined with targeted therapy has better efficacy and lower incidence of AEs than chemotherapy alone.

16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 311, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627266

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a management of aggressive breast cancer, remains an unmet medical challenge. Although a wave of efforts had spurred to design novel therapeutic method of TNBC, unpredictable prognosis with lacking effective therapeutic targets along with the resistance to apoptosis seriously limited survival benefits. Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic form of cell death that is induced by excessive lipid peroxidation, which provide an innovative way to combat cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that ferroptosis plays an important role in the treatment of TNBC cells. Herein, a novel ferroptosis nanomedicine was prepared by loading simvastatin (SIM), a ferroptosis drug, into zwitterionic polymer coated magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PCBMA) to improve the therapeutic effect of TNBC. The as-obtained Fe3O4@PCBMA-SIM nanoparticles demonstrated more cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-231 than MCF-7 due to the higher expression of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR), which demonstrated that statins could effectively kill TNBC. Further experiments showed that SIM could inhibit the expression of HMGCR to downregulate the mevalonate (MVA) pathway and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), thereby inducing cancer cell ferroptosis. What's more, PCBMA endows Fe3O4@PCBMA longer blood circulation performance to enhance their accumulation at tumor sites. Given that Fe3O4 have proven for clinical applications by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and SIM could induce cancer cell ferroptosis, the developed Fe3O4@PCBMA-SIM nanosystem would have great potential in clinics for overcoming the drug resistance brought about by apoptotic drugs to cancer cells.

17.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 309, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin wound healing remains a considerable clinical challenge, thus stressing the urgent need for the development of new interventions to promote repair. Recent researches indicate that both peptides and nanoparticles may be potential therapies for the treatment of skin wounds. METHODS: In the current study, the mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) nanoparticles were prepared and the peptide RL-QN15 that was previously identified from amphibian skin secretions and exhibited significant potential as a novel prohealing agent was successfully loaded onto the MPDA nanoparticles, which was confirmed by results of analysis of scanning electron microscopy and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The encapsulation efficiency and sustained release rate of RL-QN15 from the nanocomposites were determined. The prohealing potency of nanocomposites were evaluated by full-thickness injured wounds in both mice and swine and burn wounds in mice. RESULTS: Our results indicated that, compared with RL-QN15 alone, the prohealing potency of nanocomposites of MPDA and RL-QN15 in the full-thickness injured wounds and burn wounds in mice was increased by up to 50 times through the slow release of RL-QN15. Moreover, the load on the MPDA obviously increased the prohealing activities of RL-QN15 in full-thickness injured wounds in swine. In addition, the obvious increase in the prohealing potency of nanocomposites of MPDA and RL-QN15 was also proved by the results from histological analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our knowledge, this is the first research to report that the load of MPDA nanoparticles could significantly increase the prohealing potency of peptide and hence highlighted the promising potential of MPDA nanoparticles-carrying peptide RL-QN15 for skin wound therapy.

18.
J Vis Exp ; (175)2021 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633383

RESUMO

The root microbiome plays an important role in plant growth and environmental adaptation. Network analysis is an important tool for studying communities, which can effectively explore the interaction relationship or co-occurrence model of different microbial species in different environments. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide details on how to use the weighted correlation network algorithm to analyze different co-occurrence networks that may occur in microbial communities due to different ecological environments. All analysis of the experiment is performed in the WGCNA package. WGCNA is an R package for weighted correlation network analysis. The experimental data used to demonstrate these methods were microbial community data from the NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) database for three niches of the rice (Oryza sativa) root system. We used the weighted correlation network algorithm to construct co-abundance networks of microbial community in each of the three niches. Then, differential co-abundance networks among endosphere, rhizoplane and rhizosphere soil were identified. In addition, the core genera in network were obtained by the "WGCNA" package, which plays an important regulated role in network functions. These methods enable researchers to analyze the response of microbial network to environmental disturbance and verify different microbial ecological response theories. The results of these methods show that the significant differential microbial networks identified in the endosphere, rhizoplane and rhizosphere soil of rice.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Oryza , Rizosfera , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 748543, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621289

RESUMO

There are more than 100 GDSL lipases in Arabidopsis, but only a few members have been functionally investigated. Moreover, no reports have ever given a comprehensive analysis of GDSLs in stomatal biology. Here, we systematically investigated the expression patterns of 19 putative Guard-cell-enriched GDSL Lipases (GGLs) at various developmental stages and in response to hormone and abiotic stress treatments. Gene expression analyses showed that these GGLs had diverse expression patterns. Fifteen GGLs were highly expressed in guard cells, with seven preferentially in guard cells. Most GGLs were localized in endoplasmic reticulum, and some were also localized in lipid droplets and nucleus. Some closely homologous GGLs exhibited similar expression patterns at various tissues and in response to hormone and abiotic stresses, or similar subcellular localization, suggesting the correlation of expression pattern and biological function, and the functional redundancy of GGLs in plant development and environmental adaptations. Further phenotypic identification of ggl mutants revealed that GGL7, GGL14, GGL22, and GGL26 played unique and redundant roles in stomatal dynamics, stomatal density and morphology, and plant water relation. The present study provides unique resources for functional insights into these GGLs to control stomatal dynamics and development, plant growth, and adaptation to the environment.

20.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between the oral microbiome and pregnancy outcomes, specifically healthy or preterm low birth weight (PLBW) in individuals with and without periodontal disease (PD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective clinical trial, we recruited 186 pregnant women, 17 of whom exhibited PD and delivered PLBW infants (PD-PLBW group). Of the remaining women, 155 presented PD and delivered healthy infants; 18 of these subjects with similar periodontal condition and age matched to the PD-PLBW group, and they became the PD-HD group. From the total group, 11 women exhibited healthy gingiva and had a healthy delivery (HD) and healthy infants (H-HD group), and 3 exhibited healthy gingiva and delivered PLBW infants (H-PLBW group). Periodontal parameters were recorded, and subgingival plaque and serum were collected during 26-28 gestational weeks. For the plaque samples, microbial abundance and diversity were accessed by 16S rRNA sequencing. RESULTS: Women with PD showed an enrichment in the genus Porphyromonas, Treponema, and Filifactor, whereas women with healthy gingiva showed an enrichment in Streptococcus, Actinomyces, and Corynebacterium, independently of the birth status. Although no significant difference was found in the beta diversity between the 4 groups, women that had PLBW infants presented a significantly lower abundance of the genus Neisseria, independently of PD status. CONCLUSION: Lower levels of Neisseria align with preterm low birth weight in pregnant women, whereas a higher abundance of Treponema, Porphyromonas, Fretibacterium, and Filifactor and a lower abundance of Streptococcus may contribute to periodontal disease during pregnancy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The oral commensal Neisseria have potential in the prediction of PLBW.

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