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1.
Chem Sci ; 15(14): 5368-5375, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577364

RESUMO

The production of vanillin from biomass offers a sustainable route for synthesizing daily-use chemicals. However, achieving sunlight-driven vanillin synthesis through H2O activation in an aqueous environment poses challenges due to the high barrier of H2O dissociation. In this study, we have successfully developed an efficient approach for gram-scale vanillin synthesis in an aqueous reaction, employing Mn-defected γ-MnO2 as a photocatalyst at room temperature. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the presence of defective Mn species (Mn3+) significantly enhances the adsorption of vanillyl alcohol and H2O onto the surface of the γ-MnO2 catalyst. Hydroxyl radical (˙OH) species are formed through H2O activation with the assistance of sunlight, playing a pivotal role as oxygen-reactive species in the oxidation of vanillyl alcohol into vanillin. The Mn-defected γ-MnO2 catalyst exhibits exceptional performance, achieving up to 93.4% conversion of vanillyl alcohol and 95.7% selectivity of vanillin under sunlight. Notably, even in a laboratory setting during the daytime, the Mn-defected γ-MnO2 catalyst demonstrates significantly higher catalytic performance compared to the dark environment. This work presents a highly effective and promising strategy for low-cost and environmentally benign vanillin synthesis.

2.
Opt Express ; 32(7): 10829-10840, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570946

RESUMO

Imaging of electronic device surface or sub-surface electromagnetic fields under operating conditions is important for device design and diagnosis. In this study, we proposed a method to characterize specific magnetic field properties of electromagnetic devices at micron-scale using a solid-state quantum sensor, namely diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers. By employing a wide-field magnetic field measurement technique based on NV centers, we rapidly obtain the first-order magnetic field distribution of anomalous regions. Furthermore, we approximate the second-order magnetic field (magnetic gradient tensor) using the differential gradient method. To visualize the electromagnetic anomalous regions boundary, we utilize the tensor invariants of the magnetic gradient tensor components, along with their nonlinear combinations. The identification error rate of the anomalous regions is within 12.5%. Additionally, the electromagnetic field of anomalous regions is simulated showing the measurement accuracy. Our study shows that the experimental results are very similar to the theoretical simulation of the electromagnetic field (error: 7%). This work is essential for advancing electromagnetic field characterization of electronic devices and the advancement of quantum magnetic sensor applications.

3.
Opt Express ; 32(7): 12243-12256, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571053

RESUMO

Integral imaging is a kind of true three-dimensional (3D) display technology that uses a lens array to reconstruct vivid 3D images with full parallax and true color. In order to present a high-quality 3D image, it's vital to correct the axial position error caused by the misalignment and deformation of the lens array which makes the reconstructed lights deviate from the correct directions, resulting in severe voxel drifting and image blurring. We proposed a sub-pixel marking method to measure the axial position error of the lenses with great accuracy by addressing the sub-pixels under each lens and forming a homologous sub-pixel pair. The proposed measurement method relies on the geometric center alignment of image points, which is specifically expressed as the overlap between the test 3D voxel and the reference 3D voxel. Hence, measurement accuracy could be higher. Additionally, a depth-based sub-pixel correction method was proposed to eliminate the voxel drifting. The proposed correction method takes the voxel depth into consideration in the correction coefficient, and achieves accurate error correction for 3D images with different depths. The experimental results well confirmed that the proposed measuring and correction methods can greatly suppress the voxel drifting caused by the axial position error of the lenses, and greatly improve the 3D image quality.

4.
PLoS Pathog ; 20(3): e1012110, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498560

RESUMO

The interaction between influenza A virus (IAV) and host proteins is an important process that greatly influences viral replication and pathogenicity. PB2 protein is a subunit of viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex playing distinct roles in viral transcription and replication. BAG6 (BCL2-associated athanogene 6) as a multifunctional host protein participates in physiological and pathological processes. Here, we identify BAG6 as a new restriction factor for IAV replication through targeting PB2. For both avian and human influenza viruses, overexpression of BAG6 reduced viral protein expression and virus titers, whereas deletion of BAG6 significantly enhanced virus replication. Moreover, BAG6-knockdown mice developed more severe clinical symptoms and higher viral loads upon IAV infection. Mechanistically, BAG6 restricted IAV transcription and replication by inhibiting the activity of viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). The co-immunoprecipitation assays showed BAG6 specifically interacted with the N-terminus of PB2 and competed with PB1 for RdRp complex assembly. The ubiquitination assay indicated that BAG6 promoted PB2 ubiquitination at K189 residue and targeted PB2 for K48-linked ubiquitination degradation. The antiviral effect of BAG6 necessitated its N-terminal region containing a ubiquitin-like (UBL) domain (17-92aa) and a PB2-binding domain (124-186aa), which are synergistically responsible for viral polymerase subunit PB2 degradation and perturbing RdRp complex assembly. These findings unravel a novel antiviral mechanism via the interaction of viral PB2 and host protein BAG6 during avian or human influenza virus infection and highlight a potential application of BAG6 for antiviral drug development.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Antivirais/metabolismo , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/genética , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/genética
5.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 75, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEA) produced by toxigenic fungi is widely present in cereals and its downstream products. The danger of ZEA linked to various human health issues has attracted increasing attention. Thus, powerful ZEA-degrading or detoxifying strategies are urgently needed. Biology-based detoxification methods are specific, efficient, and environmentally friendly and do not lead to negative effects during cereal decontamination. Among these, ZEA detoxification using degrading enzymes was documented to be a promising strategy in broad research. Here, two efficient ZEA-degrading lactonases from the genus Gliocladium, ZHDR52 and ZHDP83, were identified for the first time. This work studied the degradation capacity and properties of ZEA using purified recombinant ZHDR52 and ZHDP83. RESULTS: According to the ZEA degradation study, transformed Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) PLySs cells harboring the zhdr52 or zhdp83 gene could transform 20 µg/mL ZEA within 2 h and degrade > 90% of ZEA toxic derivatives, α/ß-zearalanol and α/ß-zearalenol, within 6 h. Biochemical analysis demonstrated that the optimal pH was 9.0 for ZHDR52 and ZHDP83, and the optimum temperature was 45 °C. The purified recombinant ZHDR52 and ZHDP83 retained > 90% activity over a wide range of pH values and temperatures (pH 7.0-10.0 and 35-50 °C). In addition, the specific activities of purified ZHDR52 and ZHDP83 against ZEA were 196.11 and 229.64 U/mg, respectively. The results of these two novel lactonases suggested that, compared with ZHD101, these two novel lactonases transformed ZEA into different products. The slight position variations in E126 and H242 in ZDHR52/ZEA and ZHDP83/ZEA obtained via structural modelling may explain the difference in degradation products. Moreover, the MCF-7 cell proliferation assay indicated that the products of ZEA degradation using ZHDR52 and ZHDP83 did not exhibit estrogenic activity. CONCLUSIONS: ZHDR52 and ZHDP83 are alkali ZEA-degrading enzymes that can efficiently and irreversibly degrade ZEA into non-estrogenic products, indicating that they are potential candidates for commercial application. This study identified two excellent lactonases for industrial ZEA detoxification.


Assuntos
Gliocladium , Zearalenona , Zeranol/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Zearalenona/química , Gliocladium/metabolismo , Biotransformação
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475169

RESUMO

In recent years, the application of deep learning models for underwater target recognition has become a popular trend. Most of these are pure 1D models used for processing time-domain signals or pure 2D models used for processing time-frequency spectra. In this paper, a recent temporal 2D modeling method is introduced into the construction of ship radiation noise classification models, combining 1D and 2D. This method is based on the periodic characteristics of time-domain signals, shaping them into 2D signals and discovering long-term correlations between sampling points through 2D convolution to compensate for the limitations of 1D convolution. Integrating this method with the current state-of-the-art model structure and using samples from the Deepship database for network training and testing, it was found that this method could further improve the accuracy (0.9%) and reduce the parameter count (30%), providing a new option for model construction and optimization. Meanwhile, the effectiveness of training models using time-domain signals or time-frequency representations has been compared, finding that the model based on time-domain signals is more sensitive and has a smaller storage footprint (reduced to 30%), whereas the model based on time-frequency representation can achieve higher accuracy (1-2%).

7.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(5)2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475591

RESUMO

Wx is the key gene that controls amylose content (AC), and various alleles have been found in rice populations. Wxb is the major allele in japonica and produces moderate AC (15~18%). It was recently found that editing the promoter of Wx could produce a series of alleles that have different Wx activities. Although some studies have edited the promoter, few studies have focused on the natural variations in Wx. Here, we used the Rice3K database to investigate variations in the Wx promoter and found that the allele Wx1764178 (A/G) has a higher LD (linkage disequilibrium) with the two key SNPs (1765751, T/G; 1768006, A/C), which could produce different Wx alleles and influence AC, as reported previously. Further study showed that the Wx1764178 allele (A/G) is functional and influences the expression of Wx positively. Editing the A allele using CRISPR‒Cas9 produced 36 and 3 bp deletions and caused a decrease in the expression of Wx. The apparent amylose content (AAC) in the edited lines was decreased by 7.09% and 11.50% compared with that of the wild type, which was the japonica variety Nipponbare with Wxb and the A allele at 1764178, while a complementary line with the G allele showed a lower AAC than the A allele with no effect on other agronomic traits. The AAC of the edited lines showed a higher increase than that of the wild type (Nipponbare, Wxb) in low-nitrogen conditions relative to high-nitrogen conditions. We also developed a dCAPS marker to identify the allele and found that the G allele has widely been used (82.95%) in japonica-bred varieties from Jiangsu Province, China. Overall, we found a functional allele (Wx1764178, A/G) in the Wx promoter that could affect AAC in japonica cultivars and be developed as markers for quality improvement in rice breeding programs.

8.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(11): 2869-2876, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426261

RESUMO

Efficient delivery of therapeutic proteins is a critical aspect for protein-based cancer treatment. Herein, an in situ growth approach was employed to prepare ribonuclease A (RNase A)-polymer conjugates by incorporating a cationic polymer, poly(N,N'-dimethylamino-2-ethyl methacrylate) (P(DMAEMA)), and a hydrophobic polymer, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (P(NIPAM)), through atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The synthesized RNase A-polymer conjugates (namely R-P(D-b-N)) could preserve the integrity of RNase A and exhibit a unique combination of cationic and hydrophobic properties, leading to enhanced intracellular delivery efficiency. The successful delivery of RNase A by R-P(D-b-N) conjugates effectively triggered the cell apoptosis through the mitochondria-dependent signaling pathway to achieve the anti-proliferative response. Additionally, the conjugates could inhibit cell migration and thus possess the potential for the suppression of tumor metastasis. Overall, our findings highlight that the introduction of cationic and hydrophobic moieties via ATRP provides a versatile platform for the intracellular delivery of therapeutic proteins, offering a new avenue for treating diverse diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Polímeros , Polímeros/química , Ribonuclease Pancreático , Ribonucleases , Cátions
9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1203381, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38444437

RESUMO

Background: Twin growth discordance is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in twin pregnancies. Whether prenatal exposure to heavy metals and trace elements is associated with twin growth discordance has not been studied yet. Objective: To evaluate the prenatal level of heavy metals and trace elements in twin pregnancy and its relationship with twin growth discordance. Methods: This study involving 60 twin pairs and their mothers was conducted in Zhejiang Province, China, in 2020-2021. The concentration of heavy metals and trace elements in maternal blood, umbilical cord, and placenta were collected at delivery and measured by inductively coupled plasma tandem mass spectrometer. The association of prenatal level with twin growth discordance was evaluated using conditional logistic regression. Results: High levels of heavy metal elements (thallium in maternal blood and umbilical cord blood of larger twins, vanadium in the placenta of larger twins) and trace elements (iodine in the placenta of larger twins) during pregnancy, as well as low levels of heavy metal elements (strontium in the umbilical cord blood of larger twins, strontium and chromium in the umbilical cord blood of smaller twins, strontium in the placenta of larger twins, molybdenum and lead in the placenta of smaller twins and difference of molybdenum in the placenta of twins), are associated with intertwin birthweight discordance. Univariate regression analyses showed a significant effect of gestational age at delivery and eleven trace element data on intertwin birthweight discordance. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with transformed variables as dichotomous risk factors combined with baseline demographic characteristics showed Tl in maternal blood as an independent risk factor. The model constructed by combining Tl in maternal blood (OR = 54.833, 95% CI, 3.839-83.156) with the gestational week (OR = 0.618, 95% CI, 0.463-0.824) had good predictive power for intertwin birthweight discordance (AUC = 0.871). The sensitivity analysis results indicate that the effect of maternal blood thallium on intertwin birthweight discordance is stable and reliable. Conclusion: To our knowledge, ours is the first case-control study to investigate the association between elevated maternal thallium levels before delivery and twin growth discordance.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Oligoelementos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Molibdênio , Mães , Gestantes , Estrôncio , Tálio
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117988, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428657

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Perioperative or postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a common first-line adjuvant therapy for gastric cancer (GC). However, drug resistance and the side effects of 5-FU have reduced its efficacy. Among these side effects, gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity is one of the most common. Xianglian Pill (XLP) is a Chinese patent medicine that is commonly used for the treatment of diarrhoea. It can reduce inflammation and has a protective effect on the intestinal mucosa. Recent studies have shown that many components of XLP can inhibite tumor cell growth. However, the therapeutic effect of XLP in combination with 5-FU on GC is unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate whether the combination of XLP and 5-FU can enhance anti-GC activity while reducing GI toxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: XLP was administered orally during intraperitoneal injection of 5-FU in GC mice model. Mice were continuously monitored for diarrhea and xenograft tumor growth. After 2 weeks, the mice were sacrificed and serum was collected to determine interleukin-6 levels. Pathological changes, the expression of pro-inflammatory factors and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in GI tissue were determined by Western blot analysis. Pathological changes, apoptosis levels and p38 MAPK expression levels in xenograft tissues were also determined. RESULTS: The results showed that XLP could alleviate GI mucosal injury caused by 5-FU, alleviated diarrhea, and inhibited the expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and myeloid differentiation primary response-88. Besides, XLP could promote the 5-FU-induced apoptosis of GC cells and enhance the inhibitory effect of 5-FU on tumor xenografts. Further study showed that XLP administration could regulate the expression of p38 MAPK. CONCLUSIONS: XLP in combination with 5-FU could alleviate its GI side effects and enhance its inhibitory effect on xenograft tumor. Moreover, these effects were found to be related to the regulation of the p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fluoruracila , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fluoruracila/toxicidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
11.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2300749, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511225

RESUMO

SCOPE: Palmitoleic acid (POA) is an omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acid that has been suggested to improve metabolic disorders. However, it remains unclear whether gut microbiota plays a role in the amelioration of metabolic disorders by POA. This study aims to investigate the regulation of POA on metabolism, as well as systemic inflammation in HFD-fed mice from the perspective of serum metabolome and gut microbiome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six C57BL/6 male mice are randomly assigned to either a normal chow diet containing 1.9% w/w lard or an HFD containing 20.68% w/w lard or 20.68% w/w sea buckthorn pulp oil for 16 weeks. The study finds that POA significantly attenuated hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and inflammation in HFD-fed mice. POA supplementation significantly alters the composition of serum metabolites, particularly lipid metabolites in the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway. POA obviously increases the abundance of Bifidobacterium and decreases the abundance of Allobaculum. Importantly, the study finds that glycerophosphocholine mediates the effect of Bifidobacterium on LDL-C, sphingomyelin mediates the effect of Bifidobacterium on IL-6, and maslinic acid mediates the effect of Allobaculum on IL-6. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that exogenous POA can improve metabolic disorders and inflammation in HFD-fed mice, potentially by modulating the serum metabolome and gut microbiome.

12.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542882

RESUMO

For this study, we employed intense 400 nm, 100 fs pulses linearly propagated through a 50 cm water medium, initially self-stretching the excitation pulses to 2.50 ps. Subsequently, the self-stretched 2.50 ps pulses were focused into deionized water, and we conducted transient absorption experiments to measure and investigate the dynamics of hydrated electrons in water. The excess electrons generated were injected into the hydrogen bond network of the water cluster, leading to the observation of saturated hydrated electrons. Additionally, we observed the emergence of the forward stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) of water molecules. We report the experimental observation of a weak forward SRS emission at 463 nm (corresponding to 3400 cm-1), indicative of the ordinary OH stretching vibration in the liquid phase. Moreover, we observed an intense forward SRS emission at 460 nm in water, corresponding to two anomalous Raman shifts at 3260 cm-1 and 3355 cm-1. These anomalous Raman shifts resulted from changes in the hydrogen bond network structure. We determine that the formation of not fully hydrated and saturated hydrated electrons plays a crucial role in producing this phenomenon.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e944661, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551037

RESUMO

The Editors of Medical Science Monitor wish to inform you that the above manuscript has been retracted from publication due to concerns with the credibility and originality of the study, the manuscript content, and the Figure images. Reference: Tian-Wei Zhang, Li Xing, Jun-Long Tang, Jing-Xiao Lu, Chun-Xiao Liu. Marchantin M Induces Apoptosis of Prostate Cancer Cells Through Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress. Med Sci Monit, 2015; 21: 3570-3576. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894476.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116228, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518611

RESUMO

Activated carbon air cathode combined with iron anode oxidation-flocculation synergistic Arsenic (As) removal was a new groundwater purification technology with low energy consumption and high efficiency for groundwater with high As concentration. The presence of organic matter such as humic acid (HA) had ambiguous effects on formation of organic colloids in the system. The effects of the particle size distribution characteristics of these colloids on the formation characteristics of flocs and the efficiency of As purification was not clear. In this work, we used five different pore size alumina filter membranes to separate mixed phase solutions and studied the corresponding changes in iron and arsenic concentrations in the presence and absence of humic acid conditions. In the presence of HA, the arsenic concentration of < 0.05 µm particle size components was 1.01, 1.28, 3.07, 7.69, 2.85 and 1.24 times of that in the absence of HA. At the same time, the arsenic content in 0.05-0.1 µm and 0.1-0.45 µm particle size components was also higher than that in the system without HA, which revealed that the presence of HA hindered the flocculation behavior of As distribution to higher particle sizes in the early stage of the reaction. The presence of HA affected the flocculation rate of iron flocs from small to large particle size fractions and it had limited effect on the behavior of large-size flocs in adsorption of As. These results provide a theoretical basis for targeted, rapid, and low consumption synergistic removal of arsenic and organic compounds in high arsenic groundwater.

15.
Acta Biomater ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484831

RESUMO

In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), macrophages infiltrate joints, while fibroblast-like synovial cells proliferate abnormally, forming a barrier against drug delivery, which hinders effective drug delivery to joint focus. Here we firstly designed a pH-responsive size-adjustable nanoparticle, composed by methotrexate (MTX)-human serum albumin (HSA) complex coating with pH-responsive liposome (Lipo/MTX-HSA) for delivering drugs specifically to inflamed joints in acidic environments. We showed in vitro that the nanoparticles can induce mitochondrial dysfunction, promote apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes and macrophages, further reduce the secretion of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1ß, MMP-9), and regulate the inflammatory microenvironment. We also demonstrated similar effects in a rat model of arthritis, in which Lipo/MTX-HSA accumulated in arthritic joints, and at low pH, liposome phospholipid bilayer cleavage released small-sized MTX-HSA, which effectively reduced the number of fibroblast-synoviocytes and macrophages in joints, alleviated joint inflammation, and repaired bone erosion. These findings suggest that microenvironment-responsive size-adjustable nanoparticles show promise as a treatment against rheumatoid arthritis. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Abnormal proliferation of fibroblast synoviocytes poses a physical barrier to effective nanoparticle delivery. We designed size-adjustable nano-delivery systems by preparing liposomes with cholesterol hemisuccinate (CHEM), which were subsequently loaded with small-sized albumin nanoparticles encapsulating the cytotoxic drug MTX (MTX-HSA), termed Lipo/MTX-HSA. Upon tail vein injection, Lipo/MTX-HSA could be aggregated at the site of inflammation via the ELVIS effect in the inflamed joint microenvironment. Specifically, intracellular acidic pH-triggered dissociation of liposomes promoted the release of MTX-HSA, which was further targeted to fibroblasts or across fibroblasts to macrophages to exert anti-inflammatory effects. The results showed that liposomes with adjustable particle size achieved efficient drug delivery, penetration and retention in joint sites; the strategy exerted significant anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction to promote apoptosis in fibrosynoviocytes and macrophages.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171802, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508265

RESUMO

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are of increasing concern worldwide due to their ubiquitous occurrence and detrimental effects on aquatic organisms. However, little is known regarding their effects on the dominant bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Here, we investigated the individual and joint effects of two typical SSRIs fluoxetine (FLX) and sertraline (SER) on M. aeruginosa at physio-biochemical and molecular levels. Results showed that FLX and SER had strong growth inhibitory effects on M. aeruginosa with the 96-h median effect concentrations (EC50s) of 362 and 225 µg/L, respectively. Besides, the mixtures showed an additive effect on microalgal growth. Meanwhile, both individual SSRIs and their mixtures can inhibit photosynthetic pigment synthesis, cause oxidative damage, destroy cell membrane, and promote microcystin-leucine-arginine (MC-LR) synthesis and release. Moreover, the mixtures enhanced the damage to photosynthesis, antioxidant system, and cell membrane and facilitated MC-LR synthesis and release compared to individuals. Furthermore, transcriptomic analysis revealed that the dysregulation of the key genes related to transport, photosystem, protein synthesis, and non-ribosomal peptide structures was the fundamental molecular mechanism underlying the physio-biochemical responses of M. aeruginosa. These findings provide a better understanding of the toxicity mechanisms of SSRIs to microalgae and their risks to aquatic ecosystems.

17.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 46(1): 25-32, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433627

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the trends of disease burden of cervical cancer,uterine cancer,and ovarian cancer among Chinese women from 1990 to 2019,and to provide a basis for formulating precise prevention and control measures in China. Methods The global disease burden data in 2019 were used to describe the changes in indicators such as incidence,mortality,years of life lost due to premature mortality(YLL),years lived with disability(YLD),and disability-adjusted life year(DALY) of cervical,uterine,and ovarian cancers in China from 1990 to 2019.Furthermore,the Bayesian age-period-cohort model was adopted to predict the incidence and mortality of the cancers from 2020 to 2030. Results From 1990 to 2019,the incidence rates and mortality of cervical,uterine,and ovarian cancers in Chinese women showed an upward trend,and the age-standardized incidence rate of ovarian cancer increased the most(0.78%).In 2019,the incidence of cervical cancer and uterine cancer concentrated in the women of 55-59 years old,and ovarian cancer mainly occurred in the women of 70-74 years old.The DALY,YLL,and YLD of cervical,uterine,and ovarian cancers all presented varying degrees of growth at all ages.The Bayesian age-period-cohort model predicted that from 2020 to 2030,the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in China showed a decreasing trend,while those of uterine cancer and ovarian cancer showed an increasing trend.There was no significant change in the age with high incidence of the three cancers. Conclusions From 1990 to 2019,the overall disease burden of cervical,uterine,and ovarian cancers in China increased,while the disease burden of cervical cancer decreased after 2020.It is recommended that the efforts should be doubled for the prevention and control of cervical,uterine,and ovarian cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Teorema de Bayes , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Genitália , China/epidemiologia
18.
Opt Express ; 32(4): 4756-4768, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439220

RESUMO

Tensor imaging can provide more comprehensive information about spatial physical properties, but it is a high-dimensional physical quantity that is difficult to observe directly. This paper proposes a fast-transform magnetic tensor imaging method based on the NV magnetic detection technique. The Euler deconvolution interprets the magnetic tensor data to obtain the target three-dimensional (3D) boundary information. Fast magnetic vector imaging was performed using optical detection of magnetic resonance (ODMR) to verify the method's feasibility. The complete tensor data was obtained based on the transformation of the vector magnetic imaging data, which was subsequently solved, and the contour information of the objective was restored. In addition, a fast magnetic moment judgment model and an angular transformation model of the observation space are developed in this paper to reduce the influence of the magnetic moment direction on the results and to help interpret the magnetic tensor data. Finally, the experiment realizes the localization, judgment of magnetic moment direction, and 3D boundary identification of a micron-sized tiny magnet with a spatial resolution of 10 µm, a model accuracy of 90.1%, and a magnetic moment direction error of 4.2°.

19.
Opt Express ; 32(4): 4816-4826, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439224

RESUMO

In this paper, a simple sensing method based on a silicon oxide microcavity optomechanical oscillator (OMO) is proposed and demonstrated for the detection of acoustic signals. Firstly, the resonance damping was reduced by improving the optical quality factor (Qo) and increasing the sphere-to-neck ratio. After optimizing the process, a microsphere OMO was fabricated, which has an ultra-high mechanical quality factor (6.8 × 106) and greater sphere-to-neck ratio (∼11:1), based on which ultra-narrow linewidth phonon laser (∼1 Hz) is constructed. Secondly, by changing the refractive index of the coupling interval, the low-frequency acoustic pressure signal is efficiently coupled into the microcavity OMO to construct a high-resolution acoustic sensor. This sensing mechanism can not only measure the acoustic pressure, but also use the sideband signal in the modulation mechanism to measure the frequency of acoustic signals (15 Hz∼16 kHz), the sensitivity is 10.3 kHz/Pa, the minimum detectable pressure is 1.1 mPa, and noise-limited minimum detectable pressure is 28.8 µPa/Hz1/2. It is the highest detection resolution compared with the same type of low-frequency acoustic signal detection currently reported. This OMO-based acoustic sensing detection method opens up a new path for future miniaturized, ultra-high-precision, and cost-effective acoustic sensing.

20.
Opt Express ; 32(4): 4931-4943, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439232

RESUMO

Wide-range high-precision velocity detection with nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color center has been realized. By treating the NV color center as a mixer, the high-precision microwave measurement is realized. Through optimization of acquisition time, the microwave frequency resolution is improved to the mHz level. Combined with the frequency-velocity conversion model, velocity detection is realized in the range of 0-100 cm/s, and the velocity resolution is up to 0.012 cm/s. The maximum deviation in repeated measurements does not exceed 1/1000. Finally, combined with the multiplexed microwave reference technique, the range of velocity can be extended to 7.4 × 105 m/s. All of the results provide reference for high-precision velocity detection and play a significant role in various domains of quantum precision measurement. This study provides a crucial technical foundation for the development of high-dynamic-range velocity detectors and novel quantum precision velocity measurement technologies.

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