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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15838, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676873

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the prevalence and related factors of obesity-related hypertension among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. From September 2013 to March 2014, a multi-stage, stratified sampling method was conducted on 10,589 people aged 40 to 79 years and living in Chengdu and Chongqing investigated by using a questionnaire and performing physical and biochemical measurements. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension and hypertension overall (systolic ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic ≥80 mmHg or treated hypertension) was 22.8% and 57.4%, respectively, among all participants. For obesity-related hypertension, the prevalence was higher in women than in men (24.7% versus 19.4%, p < 0.001). For people in the age ranges of 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70, the prevalence of obesity-related hypertension were 11.8%, 22.6%, 30.7%, and 36.6%, respectively. Participants with obesity-related hypertension as opposed to those with non-obesity-related hypertension had a higher prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, diabetes, and hyperuricemia (all p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, female gender, current smoking, hypertriglyceridemia, diabetes and family history of hypertension were all positively correlated with obesity-related hypertension, whereas higher education level and having spouse were negatively correlated with obesity-related hypertension. The prevalence of obesity-related hypertension was high among adults aged 40 to 79 years in Southwest China. Cardiometabolic abnormalities among participants with obesity-related hypertension were more serious and frequently present than in those with non-obesity-related hypertension. Aggressive and holistic strategies aiming at the prevention and treatment of obesity-related hypertension are needed.

2.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7200-7209, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695762

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating anticancer agents can act through two different mechanisms: (i) elevation of endogenous ROS production in mitochondria, or (ii) formation/delivery of exogenous ROS within cells. However, there is a lack of research on the development of ROS-generating nanosystems that combine endogenous and exogenous ROS to enhance oxidative stress-mediated cancer cell death. Methods: A ROS-generating agent based on polymer-modified zinc peroxide nanoparticles (ZnO2 NPs) was presented, which simultaneously delivered exogenous H2O2 and Zn2+ capable of amplifying endogenous ROS production for synergistic cancer therapy. Results: After internalization into tumor cells, ZnO2 NPs underwent decomposition in response to mild acidic pH, resulting in controlled release of H2O2 and Zn2+. Intriguingly, Zn2+ could increase the production of mitochondrial O2·- and H2O2 by inhibiting the electron transport chain, and thus exerted anticancer effect in a synergistic manner with the exogenously released H2O2 to promote cancer cell killing. Furthermore, ZnO2 NPs were doped with manganese via cation exchange, making them an activatable magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent. Conclusion: This study establishes a ZnO2-based theranostic nanoplatform which achieves enhanced oxidative damage to cancer cells by a two-pronged approach of combining endogenous and exogenous ROS.

3.
Schizophr Res ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficit is a fundamental trait of schizophrenia, but its mecwhanisms remain unknown. The neuregulin 3 (NRG3) gene, involving in neuronal function, has been considered to be associated with schizophrenia and cognition. However, no study has investigated the effects of NRG3 polymorphism on cognitive deficits in a large sample of the patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 1112 schizophrenia patients and 423 controls were recruited and genotyped with NRG3 rs10748842. Among them, 864 patients and 403 controls were assessed for cognition through the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). SHEsis was applied and followed by logistic regression analysis. The models of analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were constructed to examine the effects of NRG3 rs10748842 on cognitive deficits. RESULTS: No differences in NRG3 rs10748842 allele and genotype were found between patients and controls (both p > 0.05). With the exception of Visuospatial/construction, the other RBANS scores were significantly lower in patients compared to controls after adjusting for gender and education (all p < 0.001). Interestingly, we found that NRG3 rs10748842 was associated with cognitive deficit in schizophrenia, showing that patients carrying C allele had lower attention and total scores than those with TT genotype (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: NRG3 rs10748842 may not confer susceptibility to schizophrenia, but may be more closely associated with cognitive deficit, especially attention performance in chronic schizophrenia.

4.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend surgical resection as the first-line option for patients with solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); unfortunately, postoperative recurrence rate remains high and there is no reliable prediction tool. We explored the potential of radiomics coupled with machine-learning algorithms to improve the predictive accuracy for HCC recurrence. METHODS: A total of 470 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced CT and curative resection for solitary HCC were recruited from 3 independent institutions. In the training phase of 210 patients from Institution 1, a radiomics-derived signature was generated based on 3384 engineered features extracted from primary tumor and its periphery using aggregated machine-learning framework. We employed Cox modeling to build predictive models. The models were then validated using an internal dataset of 107 patients and an external dataset of 153 patients from Institution 2 and 3. FINDINGS: Using the machine-learning framework, we identified a three-feature signature that demonstrated favorable prediction of HCC recurrence across all datasets, with C-index of 0.633-0.699. Serum alpha-fetoprotein, albumin-bilirubin grade, liver cirrhosis, tumor margin, and radiomics signature were selected for preoperative model; postoperative model incorporated satellite nodules into above-mentioned predictors. The two models showed superior prognostic performance, with C-index of 0.733-0.801 and integrated Brier score of 0.147-0.165, compared with rival models without radiomics and widely used staging systems (all P < 0.05); they also gave three risk strata for recurrence with distinct recurrence patterns. INTERPRETATION: When integrated with clinical data sources, our three-feature radiomics signature promises to accurately predict individual recurrence risk that may facilitate personalized HCC management.

5.
Food Chem ; : 125733, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706677

RESUMO

Thermal treatment is an effective technique to modify the physiochemical properties of starch. However, investigation on the effect of repeated dry-heat treatment (RDHT) on the starch properties is limited. In this work, RDHT and continuous dry-heat treatment (CDHT) were conducted on normal maize starch. Both treatments increased pore no on the granule surface and facilitated the granule aggregation. The solubility and swelling power of normal maize starch were improved. The levels of slowly digestible starch (SDS) and resistant starch (RS) + SDS were increased. The structural characteristics, including crystallinity and short-range order, were impaired. The peak viscosity and thermal properties (To, Tp, Tc and ΔH) of starch paste were decreased. When comparing of CDHT samples with the same treating time, RDHT samples showed a lower crystallinity, a weaker thermal stability, a higher paste viscosity and a lower resistance to amylase. These results were useful for industrial application of thermal treatment on starch.

6.
Future Oncol ; 15(34): 3917-3934, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729887

RESUMO

Aim: To elucidate the integrative combinational gene regulatory network landscape of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) molecular carcinogenesis from diverse background. Materials & methods: Modified gene regulatory network analysis was used to prioritize differentially regulated genes and links. Integrative comparisons using bioinformatics methods were applied to identify potential critical molecules and pathways in HCC with different backgrounds. Results: E2F1 with its surrounding regulatory links were identified to play different key roles in the HCC risk factor dysregulation mechanisms. Hsa-mir-19a was identified as showed different effects in the three HCC differential regulation networks, and showed vital regulatory role in HBV-related HCC. Conclusion: We describe in detail the regulatory networks involved in HCC with different backgrounds. E2F1 may serve as a universal target for HCC treatment.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5861-5866, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that ancestry-mediated methylated DNA changes may drive racial and ethnic disparity in prostate cancer (PCa). To test this hypothesis, we analyzed genetic ancestry and association with DNA methylation changes in PCa disparity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pyrosequencing and ancestry informative markers were used for DNA methylation and genetic ancestry testing, respectively. RESULTS: Using Spearman rho rank correlation test, the data demonstrated significant (p<0.05) and variable association between African-American ancestry and DNA methylation for all genes investigated in prostate tissues. CONCLUSION: Genetic ancestry influences DNA methylation and this modifying factor must be considered in epigenetic association studies in populations of admixed patients.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Metilação de DNA , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Neoplasias da Próstata/etnologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
8.
Org Lett ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755722

RESUMO

Two novel phloroglucinol-terpenoid adducts (1 and 2), featuring a rare 2,2,4-trimethyl-cinnamyl-ß-triketone unit, were isolated from the buds of Cleistocalyx operculatus. Their structures with absolute configurations were established by spectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and quantum chemical calculations. Structurally, compound 1 represents a new carbon skeleton possessing a densely functionalized tricyclo[11.3.1.03;8]heptadecane bridged ring system with an unusual bridgehead enol. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited significant in vitro antiviral activities against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

9.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769397

RESUMO

Burkholderia pseudomallei infections are prevalent in Southeast Asia and northern Australia and often misdiagnosed. Diagnostics are often neither sensitive nor rapid, contributing up to 50% mortality rate. In this 2018 pilot study, we enrolled 100 patients aged 6 months-79 years from Kapit Hospital in Sarawak, Malaysia, with symptoms of B. pseudomallei infection. We used three different methods for the detection of B. pseudomallei: a real-time PCR assay, a rapid lateral flow immunoassay, and the standard-of-care bacterial culture-the gold standard. Among the 100 participants, 24 (24%) were positive for B. pseudomallei by one or more of the detection methods. Comparing the two individual diagnostic methods against the gold standard-bacterial culture-of any positive test, there was low sensitivity for each test (25-44%) but high specificity (93-98%). It seems clear that more sensitive diagnostics or a sensitive screening diagnostic followed by specific confirmatory diagnostic is needed for this disease.

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 121: 108734, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743881

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of the quantitative parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) in the prediction of the response to chemotherapy in pancreatic ductal carcinoma (PDC). METHOD: Forty patients with histologically confirmed PDC who underwent quantitative DCE-MRI were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into groups of responders and nonresponders. DCE-MRI parameters, including the volume transfer constant (Ktrans), the extracellular extravascular volume fraction (ve), the rate constant (kep) and the initial area under the concentration curve in 60 s (iAUC60), were measured and compared. DCE-MRI parameters were obtained from different ROIs. RESULTS: The values of Ktrans in responders with peripheral, whole tumor slice, and adjacent non-tumorous region ROIs were significantly higher than those in nonresponders (P = 0.015, 0.043, and 0.025, respectively). Responders showed a significantly higher kep with peripheral area ROI compared with nonresponders (P =  0.013). Ve and iAUC60 with all ROIs were not significantly different between responders and nonresponders (P = 0.140-0.968). Kep with periphery ROI showed the highest area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.806, but there were no statistical differences when compared with values of Ktrans.There were statistically significant differences for DCE-MRI parameters among four ROIs (all P <  0.05). All parameters showed good to excellent intra and interobserver agreement. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative parameters derived from DCE-MRI might be a potential predictor of response to gemcitabine in patients with PDC. Perfusion parameters were diverse depending on the location of the ROI on different tumoral and peritumoral areas.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5147, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772189

RESUMO

In the new era of internet of things, big data collection and analysis based on widely distributed intelligent sensing technology is particularly important. Here, we report a flexible and durable wood-based triboelectric nanogenerator for self-powered sensing in athletic big data analytics. Based on a simple and effective strategy, natural wood can be converted into a high-performance triboelectric material with excellent mechanical properties, such as 7.5-fold enhancement in strength, superior flexibility, wear resistance and processability. The electrical output performance is also enhanced by more than 70% compared with natural wood. A self-powered falling point distribution statistical system and an edge ball judgement system are further developed to provide training guidance and real-time competition assistance for both athletes and referees. This work can not only expand the application area of the self-powered system to smart sport monitoring and assisting, but also promote the development of big data analytics in intelligent sports industry.

13.
Nat Chem Biol ; 15(11): 1110-1119, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591565

RESUMO

RNA molecules are highly compartmentalized in eukaryotic cells, with their localizations intimately linked to their functions. Despite the importance of RNA targeting, our current knowledge of the spatial organization of the transcriptome has been limited by a lack of analytical tools. In this study, we develop a chemical biology approach to label RNAs in live cells with high spatial specificity. Our method, called CAP-seq, capitalizes on light-activated, proximity-dependent photo-oxidation of RNA nucleobases, which could be subsequently enriched via affinity purification and identified by high-throughput sequencing. Using this technique, we investigate the local transcriptomes that are proximal to various subcellular compartments, including the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. We discover that messenger RNAs encoding for ribosomal proteins and oxidative phosphorylation pathway proteins are highly enriched at the outer mitochondrial membrane. Due to its specificity and ease of use, CAP-seq is a generally applicable technique to investigate the spatial transcriptome in many biological systems.

14.
Bioorg Chem ; : 103350, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640933

RESUMO

One new polycyclic furanobutenolide-derived norcembranoid, xiguscabrolide H (1), together with eleven known related norditerpenoids 2-12 were isolated from South China Sea soft corals Sinularia scabra and S. polydactyla, respectively. Among them, compounds 1, 6, 8, and 12 were discovered from the former species, while compounds 2-5, 7, and 9-11 were obtained from the latter species. The structure of new compound 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and by the comparison with the reported data. With the assistance of time-dependent density functional theory electronic circular dichroism (TDDFT-ECD) calculations, its absolute configuration was determined. Moreover, the absolute stereostructures of the known compounds 3, 4, and 9-12, of which only relative configurations were assigned, were established for the first time by X-Ray diffraction analysis and TDDFT-ECD calculations, respectively. In bioassay, several isolates exhibited potent inhibitory effects on the ConA-induced T lymphocytes and/or LPS-induced B lymphocytes proliferation.

17.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 282, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of scalp, tongue, and Jin's 3-needle acupuncture for the improvement of postapoplectic aphasia. METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase databases were searched using index words to identify qualifying randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Meta-analyses of odds ratios (OR) or standardized mean differences (SMD) were performed to evaluate the outcomes between investigational (scalp / tongue / Jin's 3-needle acupuncture) and control (traditional acupuncture; TA and/or rehabilitation training; RT) groups. RESULTS: Thirty-two RCTs (1310 participants in investigational group and 1270 in control group) were included. Compared to TA, (OR 3.05 [95% CI: 1.77, 5.28]; p<0.00001), tongue acupuncture (OR 3.49 [1.99, 6.11]; p<0.00001), and Jin's 3-needle therapy (OR 2.47 [1.10, 5.53]; p = 0.03) had significantly better total effective rate. Compared to RT, scalp acupuncture (OR 4.24 [95% CI: 1.68, 10.74]; p = 0.002) and scalp acupuncture with tongue acupuncture (OR 7.36 [3.33, 16.23]; p<0.00001) had significantly better total effective rate. In comparison with TA/RT, scalp acupuncture, tongue acupuncture, scalp acupuncture with tongue acupuncture, and Jin's three-needling significantly improved ABC, oral expression, comprehension, writing and reading scores. CONCLUSION: As treatments to postapoplectic aphasia, scalp / tongue acupuncture and Jin's Three-needling are found better than TA and/or RT in yielding total effective rate and improving ABC, oral expression, comprehension, reading and writing scores.

18.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663692

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif 4 (ADAMTS4) may involve in the pathogenesis of some diseases. However, it is not clear whether they are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A hospital-based case-control study, including 862 cases with HCC and 1120 controls, was conducted to assess the effects of 258 SNPs in the coding regions of ADAMTS4 on HCC risk and prognosis. We found that six SNPs in ADAMTS4 were differential distribution between cases and controls via the primary screening analyses; however, only rs538321148 and rs1014509103 polymorphisms were further identified to modify the risk of HCC (odds ratio: 2.73 and 2.95; 95% confidence interval, 2.28-3.29 and 2.43-3.58; P-value, 5.73 × 10-27 and 1.36 × 10-27 , respectively). Significant interaction between these two SNPs and two known causes of hepatitis B virus and aflatoxin B1 were also observed. Furthermore, rs538321148 and rs1014509103 polymorphisms were associated not only with clinicopathological features of tumor such as tumor stage and grade, microvessel density, and vessel metastasis, but with poor overall survival. Additionally, these SNPs significantly downregulated ADATMS4 expression in tumor tissues. These data suggest that SNPs in the coding region of ADAMTS4, such as rs538321148 and rs1014509103, may be potential biomarkers for predicting HCC risk and prognosis.

19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With an increase in recent years in the number of people receiving cosmetic facial injection treatments of hyaluronic acid (HA), the incidence of HA embolism has also commensurately increased. HA embolism leads to serious complications including blindness, eye and eyelid movement disorders, skin necrosis and cerebral embolism. However, there is a lack of robust clinical evidence regarding the benefits of treatment for HA embolism by Intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) therapy. METHODS: In this study, we included 24 patients with a decrease in visual acuity and other complications induced by facial HA injection. These patients underwent emergency IAT therapy by injection of hyaluronidase (500-1,500 units) alone or hyaluronidase (750-1,500 units) combined with urokinase (100,000-250,000 units), followed in both cases by a general symptomatic treatment and nutritional therapy. RESULTS: In the 24 patients, 10 patients (42%) ultimately had improvements to visual acuity, even in cases when the clinical application of the thrombolytic treatments had passed the recommended window for optimal treatment. In all cases the patients' facial skin necrosis was restored to nearly normal appearance. In addition, we found that hyaluronidase combined with urokinase was a more effective therapy than hyaluronidase alone. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that IAT therapy is beneficial to patients suffering from blindness induced by HA embolism. IAT therapy was shown to be worthy of clinical application because it alleviated the impairment to patients' vision , and was also beneficial in the recovery from other serious complications including eye movement disorder, eye edema, headaches, and skin necrosis.

20.
Carcinogenesis ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587040

RESUMO

Previous research suggests that Far Upstream-element Binding Protein 1 (FUBP1)plays an important role in various tumors including Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of FUBP1 in liver cancer remains controversial, and the regulatory pathway by FUBP1 awaits to be determined. This study aims to identify the role of FUBP1 in hepatocellular carcinoma progression. Our result shows that high level of FUBP1 expression in HCC predicts poor prognosis after surgery. Overexpression of FUBP1 promotes HCC proliferation, invasion and metastasis by activating Transforming Growth Gactor-ß(TGF-ß)/Smad pathway and enhancing Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) in vitro and in vivo. Inhibitor of Thrombospondin-1 (LSKL)could inhibit HCC proliferation and invasion in vitro and in vivo by blocking the activation of TGF-ß/Smad pathway mediated by Thrombospondin-1 (THBS1). Our study identified the critical role of FUBP1-THBS1-TGF-ß signaling axis in HCC and provides potentially new therapeutic modalities in HCC.

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