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1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(34): 51143-51152, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35075565

RESUMO

Non-edible Ceiba oil has the potential to be a sustainable biofuel resource in tropical countries that can replace a portion of today's fossil fuels. Catalytic deoxygenation of the Ceiba oil (high O/C ratio) was conducted to produce hydrocarbon biofuel (high H/C ratio) over NiO-CaO5/SiO2-Al2O3 catalyst with aims of high diesel selectivity and catalyst reusability. In the present study, response surface methodology (RSM) technique with Box-Behnken experimental designs (BBD) was used to evaluate and optimize liquid hydrocarbon yield by considering the following deoxygenation parameters: catalyst loading (1-9 wt. %), reaction temperature (300-380 °C) and reaction time (30-180 min). According to the RSM results, the maximum yield for liquid hydrocarbon n-(C8-C20) was found to be 77% at 340 °C within 105 min and 5 wt. % catalyst loading. In addition, the deoxygenation model showed that the catalyst loading-reaction time interaction has a major impact on the deoxygenation activity. Based on the product analysis, oxygenated species from Ceiba oil were successfully removed in the form of CO2/CO via decarboxylation/decarbonylation (deCOx) pathways. The NiO-CaO5/SiO2-Al2O3 catalyst rendered stable reusability for five consecutive runs with liquid hydrocarbon yield within the range of 66-75% with n-(C15 + C17) selectivity of 64-72%. Despite this, coke deposition was observed after several times of catalyst usage, which is due to the high deoxygenation temperature (> 300 °C) that resulted in unfavourable polymerization side reaction.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Ceiba , Catálise , Hidrocarbonetos , Dióxido de Silício
2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809677

RESUMO

Solid acid catalyzed cracking of waste oil-derived fatty acids is an attractive route to hydrocarbon fuels. HZSM-5 is an effective acid catalyst for fatty acid cracking; however, its microporous nature is susceptible to rapid deactivation by coking. We report the synthesis and application of hierarchical HZSM-5 (h-HZSM-5) in which silanization of pre-crystallized zeolite seeds is employed to introduce mesoporosity during the aggregation of growing crystallites. The resulting h-HZSM-5 comprises a disordered array of fused 10-20 nm crystallites and mesopores with a mean diameter of 13 nm, which maintain the high surface area and acidity of a conventional HZSM-5. Mesopores increase the yield of diesel range hydrocarbons obtained from oleic acid deoxygenation from ~20% to 65%, attributed to improved acid site accessibility within the hierarchical network.

3.
ACS Omega ; 6(1): 408-415, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33458492

RESUMO

Green diesel is one of the alternative energy sources, which is found to be a second-generation biofuel. Green diesel has a similar molecular structure to petroleum diesel but has better diesel properties, sustainability, and environmental benignity. In this study, green diesel was synthesized from waste cooking oil via a deoxygenation reaction process and blended with petroleum diesel to assess the rate of greenhouse gas emissions. The fuel properties of the formed G100 (pure green diesel) were investigated, and the performance of G5 and G20 (a mixture of 5 and 20% green diesel in petroleum diesel) was tested for combustion in an oil burner. The overall test showed that the combustion of the blends of green diesel produced lower CO2 and SO2 emissions than that of petroleum diesel as a result of the rich oxygen-free fuel content. The obtained fuel properties of pure green diesel and blended green diesel are in compliance with ASTM D6751, ASTM D240-17, and EN 14214 standards. Based on these findings, it is shown that blended green diesel is a clean fuel for the environment and a promising alternative fuel for internal combustion engines.

4.
RSC Adv ; 11(12): 6667-6681, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423191

RESUMO

Extensive effort has been focused on the advancement of an efficient catalyst for CO2 reforming of CH4 to achieve optimum catalytic activity together with cost-effectiveness and high resistance to catalyst deactivation. In this study, for the first time, a new catalytic support/catalyst system of bifunctional NiO/dolomite has been synthesized by a wet impregnation method using low-cost materials, and it shows unique performance in terms of amphoteric sites and self-reduction properties. The catalysts were loaded into a continuous micro-reactor equipped with an online GC-TCD system. The reaction was carried out with a gas mixture consisting of CH4 and CO2 in the ratio of 1 : 1 flowing 30 ml min-1 at 800 °C for 10 h. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized catalysts were determined by various methods including X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 (TPD-CO2), and temperature-programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3). The highest catalytic performance of the DRM reaction was shown by the 10% NiO/dolomite catalyst (CH4 & CO2 conversion, χCH4; χCO2 ∼ 98% and H2 selectivity, S H2 = 75%; H2/CO ∼ 1 : 1 respectively). Bifunctional properties of amphoteric sites on the catalyst and self-reduction behaviour of the NiO/dolomite catalyst improved dry reforming of the CH4 process by enhancing CH4 and CO2 conversion without involving a catalyst reduction step, and the catalyst was constantly active for more than 10 h.

5.
RSC Adv ; 11(27): 16376-16387, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479131

RESUMO

Catalytic CO2 hydrogenation to CH4 offers a viable route for CO2 conversion into carbon feedstock. The research aimed to enhance CO2 conversion at low temperature and to increase the stability of Ni catalysts using zeolite as a support. NaZSM-5 (MFI), NaA (LTA), NaY (FAU), and NaBEA (BEA) synthesized from kaolin were impregnated with 15% Ni nanoparticles in order to elucidate the effect of surface area, porosity and basicity of the zeolite in increasing Ni activity at mild temperature of ∼200 °C. A highly dispersed Ni catalyst was produced on high surface area NaY meanwhile the mesoporosity of ZSM-5 has no significant effect in improving Ni dispersion. However, the important role of zeolite mesoporosity was observed on the stability of the catalyst. Premature deactivation of Ni/NaA within 10 h was due to the relatively small micropore size that restricted the CO2 diffusion, meanwhile Ni/NaZSM-5 with a large mesopore size exhibited catalytic stability for 40 h of reaction. Zeolite NaY enhanced Ni activity at 200 °C to give 21% conversion with 100% CH4 selectivity. In situ FTIR analysis showed the formation of hydrogen carbonate species and formate intermediates at low temperatures on Ni/NaY, which implied the efficiency of electron transfer from the basic sites of NaY during CO2 reduction. The combination of Ni/NaY interfacial interaction and NaY surface basicity promoted CO2 methanation reaction at low temperature.

6.
RSC Adv ; 11(36): 21885-21896, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480811

RESUMO

The activity of mesoporous Al-MCM-41 for deoxygenation of Reutealis trisperma oil (RTO) was enhanced via modification with NiO nanoparticles. Deoxygenation at atmospheric pressure and under H2 free conditions required acid catalysts to ensure the removal of the oxygenated fragments in triglycerides to form liquid hydrocarbons. NiO at different weight loadings was impregnated onto Al-MCM-41 and the changes of Lewis/Brønsted acidity and mesoporosity of the catalysts were investigated. The activity of Al-MCM-41 was enhanced when impregnated with NiO due to the increase of Lewis acidity originating from NiO nanoparticles and the mesoporosity of Al-MCM-41. Increasing the NiO loading enhanced the Lewis acidity but not Brønsted acidity, leading to a higher conversion towards liquid hydrocarbon yield. Impregnation with 10% of NiO on Al-MCM-41 increased the conversion of RTO to hydrocarbons via the deoxygenation pathway and reduced the products from cracking reaction, consequently enhancing the green diesel (C11-C18) hydrocarbon products.

7.
Molecules ; 25(22)2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182532

RESUMO

In this study, an optimized mesoporous sulfonated carbon (OMSC) catalyst derived from palm kernel shell biomass was developed using template carbonization and subsequent sulfonation under different temperatures and time conditions. The OMSC catalyst was characterized using acid-base titration, elemental analysis, XRD, Raman, FTIR, XPS, TPD-NH3, TGA-DTA, SEM, and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis to reveal its properties. Results proved that the OMSC catalyst is mesoporous and amorphous in structure with improved textural, acidic, and thermal properties. Both FTIR and XPS confirmed the presence of -SO3H, -OH, and -COOH functional groups on the surface of the catalyst. The OMSC catalyst was found to be efficient in catalyzing glycerol conversion to acetin via an acetylation reaction with acetic acid within a short period of 3 h. Response surface methodology (RSM), based on a two-level, three-factor, face-centered central composite design, was used to optimize the reaction conditions. The results showed that the optimized temperature, glycerol-to-acetic acid mole ratio, and catalyst load were 126 °C, 1:10.4, and 0.45 g, respectively. Under these optimum conditions, 97% glycerol conversion (GC) and selectivities of 4.9, 27.8, and 66.5% monoacetin (MA), diacetin (DA), and triacetin (TA), respectively, were achieved and found to be close to the predicted values. Statistical analysis showed that the regression model, as well as the model terms, were significant with the predicted R2 in reasonable agreement with the adjusted R2 (<0.2). The OMSC catalyst maintained excellent performance in GC for the five reaction cycles. The selectivity to TA, the most valuable product, was not stable until the fourth cycle, attributable to the leaching of the acid sites.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas/química , Carbono/química , Glicerídeos/química , Enxofre/química , Triacetina/química , Catálise , Química Orgânica/métodos , Glicerol/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise de Regressão , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Análise Espectral Raman , Temperatura , Termogravimetria , Difração de Raios X
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2324, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047187

RESUMO

Since the complexity of photocatalyst synthesis process and high cost of noble cocatalyst leftovers a major hurdle to producing hydrogen (H2) from water, a noble metal-free Ni-Si/MgO photocatalyst was realized for the first time to generate H2 effectively under illumination with visible light. The catalyst was produced by means of simple one-pot solid reaction using self-designed metal reactor. The physiochemical properties of photocatalyst were identified by XRD, FESEM, HRTEM, EDX, UV-visible, XPS, GC and PL. The photocatalytic activities of Ni-Si/MgO photocatalyst at different nickel concentrations were evaluated without adjusting pH, applied voltage, sacrificial agent or electron donor. The ultrathin-nanosheet with hierarchically porous structure of catalyst was found to exhibit higher photocatalytic H2 production than hexagonal nanorods structured catalyst, which suggests that the randomly branched nanosheets are more active surface to increase the light-harvesting efficiency due to its short electron diffusion path. The catalyst exhibited remarkable performance reaching up to 714 µmolh-1 which is higher among the predominant semiconductor catalyst. The results demonstrated that the photocatalytic reaction irradiated under visible light illumination through the production of hydrogen and hydroxyl radicals on metals. The outcome indicates an important step forward one-pot facile approach to prepare noble ultrathin photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water.

9.
Front Chem ; 8: 568063, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628762

RESUMO

Over the last decade, interest in the utilization of solar energy for photocatalysis treatment processes has taken centre-stage. Researchers had focused on doping TiO2 with SiO2 to obtain an efficient degradation rate of various types of target pollutants both under UV and visible-light irradiation. In order to further improve this degradation effect, some researchers resorted to incorporate plasmonic metal nanoparticles such as silver and gold into the combined TiO2-SiO2 to fully optimize the TiO2-SiO2's potential in the visible-light region. This article focuses on the challenges in utilizing TiO2 in the visible-light region, the contribution of SiO2 in enhancing photocatalytic activities of the TiO2-SiO2 photocatalyst, and the ability of plasmonic metal nanoparticles (Ag and Au) to edge the TiO2-SiO2 photocatalyst toward an efficient solar photocatalyst.

10.
RSC Adv ; 10(45): 27183-27193, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35515760

RESUMO

The potential of bifunctional nanocatalysts obtained from waste palm kernel shell (PKS) was investigated for one-step transesterification-esterification under mild conditions. State-of-the-art characterization illustrated that the synthesized catalyst has high stability through the thermal test, high BET surface area of 438.08 m2 g-1, pore volume of 0.367 cm3 g-1 and pore width of 3.8 nm. The high amount of basicity (8.866 mmol g-1) and acidity (27.016 mmol g-1) promoted the successfulness of simultaneous transesterification-esterification. The investigation revealed that the combination of potassium and copper on activated carbon surface showed good catalytic activity by giving 95.0% FAME yield and 97.3% FFA conversion at a relatively mild condition of 5 wt% catalyst loading, 12 : 1 methanol to oil molar ratio at 80 °C for 4 hours with FAME yield > 80% after 5 reaction cycles. Characterization of the spent catalyst showed that the amount of basicity was reduced to 3.106 mmol g-1, which validated the reduction of the catalytic performance. The usage of waste material was successfully discovered in producing an effective bifunctional catalyst for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil (WCO) and has high potential for commercialization in the future.

11.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16358, 2019 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705011

RESUMO

A γ-NA5 catalyst in the form of pellet was first to be reported and was pioneering in gasification to accelerate the production of syngas through biomass (palm empty fruit brunch) conversion. The synthesised γ-NA5 pellet possesses a high surface area of 212.32 m2 g-1, which renders more active sites for hydrocarbon cracking, subsequently leading to high H2 production (0.0716 m3 kg-1). Additionally, the pellet exhibits remarkable reversibility and reusability with 91% H2 production efficiency being retained after five consecutive gasification cycles. Distinctively, the feature of the synthesised γ-NA5 pellet from the conventional powder-like catalyst is that it eases the separation of the used catalyst from the biomass ash, and subsequently facilitates regeneration solely by calcination process. The loading of 20 wt.% optimised amount of catalyst itself has successfully shorten the completion of gasification process up to 135 min, which is highly feasible for a large scale industrial usage after considering the cost of the catalyst, facile preparation method, and catalyst's effectiveness towards gasification.

12.
RSC Adv ; 9(3): 1642-1652, 2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518010

RESUMO

The high oxygen content in natural biomass resources, such as vegetable oil or biomass-pyrolysed bio oil, is the main constraint in their implementation as a full-scale biofuel for the automotive industry. In the present study, renewable fuel with petrodiesel-like properties was produced via catalytic deoxygenation of oleic acid in the absence of hydrogen (H2). The deoxygenation pathway of oleic acid to bio-hydrocarbon involves decarboxylation/decarbonylation of the oxygen content from the fatty acid structure in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2)/carbon monoxide (CO), with the presence of a goat manure supported Ni-Al hydrotalcite (Gm/Ni-Al) catalyst. Goat manure is an abundant bio-waste, containing a high mineral content, urea as well as cellulosic fiber of plants, which is potentially converted into activated carbon. Synthesis of Gm/Ni-Al was carried out by incorporation of pre-activated goat manure (GmA) during co-precipitation of Ni-Al catalyst with 1 : 3, 1 : 1 and 3 : 1 ratios. The physico-chemical properties of the catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) surface area, field emission surface electron microscopy (FESEM) and temperature program desorption ammonia (TPD-NH3) analysers. The catalytic deoxygenation reaction was performed in a batch reactor and the product obtained was characterized by using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GCMS) for compound composition identification as well as gas chromatography-flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) for yield and selectivity determination. The optimization and evaluation were executed using response surface methodology (RSM) in conjunction with central composite design (CCD) with 5-level-3-factors. From the RSM reaction model, it was found that the Gm/Ni-Al 1 : 1 catalysed deoxygenation reaction gives the optimum product yield of 97.9% of hydrocarbon in the range of C8-C20, with diesel selectivity (C17: heptadecane and heptadecene compounds) of 63.7% at the optimal reaction conditions of: (1) reaction temperature: 327.14 °C, (2) reaction time: 1 h, and (3) catalyst amount: 5 wt%.

13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 13: 6359-6374, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30349255

RESUMO

Introduction: The potential of layered double hydroxide (LDH) as a host of multiple ultraviolet-ray absorbers was investigated by simultaneous intercalation of benzophenone 4 (B4) and Eusolex® 232 (EUS) in Zn/Al LDH. Methods: The nanocomposites were prepared via coprecipitation method at various molar ratios of B4 and EUS. Results: At equal molar ratios, the obtained nanocomposite showed an intercalation selectivity that is preferential to EUS. However, the selectivity ratio of intercalated anions was shown to be capable of being altered by adjusting the molar ratio of intended guests during synthesis. Dual-guest nanocomposite synthesized with B4:EUS molar ratio 3:1 (ZEB [3:1]) showed an intercalation selectivity ratio of B4:EUS =53:47. Properties of ZEB (3:1) were monitored using powder X-ray diffractometer to show a basal spacing of 21.8 Å. Direct-injection mass spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectra, and ultraviolet-visible spectra confirmed the dual intercalation of both anions into the interlayer regions of dual-guest nanocomposite. The cytotoxicity study of dual-guest nanocomposite ZEB (3:1) on human dermal fibroblast cells showed no significant toxicity until 25 µg/mL. Conclusion: Overall, the findings demonstrate successful customization of ultraviolet-ray absorbers composition in LDH host.


Assuntos
Derme/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidróxidos/química , Substâncias Intercalantes/administração & dosagem , Nanocompostos/administração & dosagem , Protetores Solares/administração & dosagem , Raios Ultravioleta , Células Cultivadas , Derme/citologia , Derme/efeitos da radiação , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Substâncias Intercalantes/química , Nanocompostos/química , Protetores Solares/química
14.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 11: 3309-3319, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29200826

RESUMO

Introduction: Dentatin (DEN) (5-methoxy-2, 2-dimethyl-10-(1, 1-dimethyl-2propenyl) dipyran-2-one), a natural compound present in the roots of Clausena excavata Burm f, possesses pro-apoptotic and antiproliferative effects in various cancer cells. Because of its hydrophobicity, it is believed that its complexation with hydroxy-ß-cyclodextrin (HPßCD) will make it a potent inhibitor of cancer cell growth. In the current work, the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis induced by DEN and DEN-HPßCD complex were demonstrated in human colon HT-29 cancer cells. Materials and methods: After the human colon HT-29 cancer cells were treated with DEN and DEN-HPßCD complex, their effects on the expression of apoptotic-regulated gene markers in mitochondria-mediated apoptotic and death receptor pathways were detected by Western blot analysis and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. These markers included caspases-9, 3, and 8, cytochrome c, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, p53, p21, cyclin A as well as the Bcl-2 family of proteins. Results: At 3, 6, 12, and 24 µg/mL exposure, DEN and DEN-HPßCD complex significantly affected apoptosis in HT-29 cells through the down-regulation of Bcl-2 and cyclin A in turn, and up-regulation of Bax, p53, p21, cytochrome c at both protein and mRNA levels. DEN and DEN-HPßCD complex also decreased cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and induced caspases-3, -8, and -9. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that the apoptotic pathway caused by DEN and DEN-HPßCD complex are mediated by the regulation of caspases and Bcl-2 families in human colon HT-29 cancer cells. The results also suggest that DEN-HPßCD complex may have chemotherapeutic benefits for colon cancer patients.


Assuntos
2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , 2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HT29 , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/química , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Vet World ; 10(8): 869-872, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28919675

RESUMO

Epicatechin is a natural flavonoid found in green tea. It has been reported to possess an immense antioxidant effect which contributes to its therapeutic effect against a handful of ailments. In this review, we discuss its therapeutic role in the management of two of the most important human diseases; diabetes and cancer. The consumption of epicatechin has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels in diabetic patients, while is anticancer effect was attributed to its antioxidant properties, antiangiogenic and direct cytotoxicity to cancer cells. Although the exact mechanism of action of epicatechin is still being explored, there is no doubt that it is a promising candidate as an alternative. The significance of this review is to highlight the importance of the usage of natural products (in this case, epicatechin) as an alternative for the treatment of two potentially fatal diseases which is diabetes and cancer. The aim of this review is to educate the scientific community on the role of epicatechin in ameliorating the effects of diabetes and cancers on human while understanding the potential mechanisms of these aforementioned effects.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(10)2016 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27763535

RESUMO

Dentatin (DEN), purified from the roots of Clausena excavata Burm f., has poor aqueous solubility that reduces its therapeutic application. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of DEN-HPßCD (hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin) complex as an anticancer agent in HT29 cancer cell line and compare with a crystal DEN in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The exposure of the cancer cells to DEN or DEN-HPßCD complex leads to cell growth inhibition as determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. To analyze the mechanism, in which DEN or DEN-HPßCD complex causes the death in human colon HT29 cancer cells, was evaluated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELIZA)-based assays for caspase-3, 8, 9, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The findings showed that an anti-proliferative effect of DEN or DEN-HPßCD complex were via cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and eventually induced apoptosis through both mitochondrial and extrinsic pathways. The down-regulation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) which leaded to apoptosis upon treatment, was investigated by Western-blotting. Hence, complexation between DEN and HPßCD did not diminish or eliminate the effective properties of DEN as anticancer agent. Therefore, it would be possible to resolve the conventional and current issues associated with the development and commercialization of antineoplastic agents in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , 2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Clausena/química , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Células HT29 , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química
17.
PLoS One ; 11(1): e0145862, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26745623

RESUMO

A highly active and stable nano structured Pt/Mg1-xNixO catalysts was developed by a simple co-precipitation method. The obtained Pt/Mg1-xNixO catalyst exhibited cubic structure nanocatalyst with a size of 50-80 nm and realized CH4 and CO2 conversions as high as 98% at 900°C with excellent stability in the dry reforming of methane. The characterization of catalyst was performed using various kinds of analytical techniques including XRD, BET, XRF, TPR-H2, TGA, TEM, FESEM, FT-IR, and XPS analyses. Characterization of spent catalyst further confirms that Pt/Mg1-xNixO catalyst has high coke-resistance for dry reforming. Thus, the catalyst demonstrated in this study, offers a promising catalyst for resolving the dilemma between dispersion and reducibility of supported metal, as well as activity and stability during high temperature reactions.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Metano/química , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Catálise , Magnésio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Níquel/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Platina/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria
18.
PLoS One ; 10(12): e0144805, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26700479

RESUMO

A solution-phase route has been considered as the most promising route to synthesize noble nanostructures. A majority of their synthesis approaches of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) are based on either using fungi or the CO2 bubbling methods. Here, we approached the preparation of nano-precipitated calcium carbonate single crystal from salmacis sphaeroides in the presence of zwitterionic or cationic biosurfactants without external source of CO2. The calcium carbonate crystals were rhombohedron structure and regularly shaped with side dimension ranging from 33-41 nm. The high degree of morphological control of CaCO3 nanocrystals suggested that surfactants are capable of strongly interacting with the CaCO3 surface and control the nucleation and growth direction of calcium carbonate nanocrystals. Finally, the mechanism of formation of nanocrystals in light of proposed routes was also discussed.


Assuntos
Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Ouriços-do-Mar/química , Tensoativos/química , Animais , Cristalização , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Difração de Raios X
19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 10: 5739-50, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26425082

RESUMO

Iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles with both Lewis and Brønsted acidic sites were prepared by a hydrothermal impregnation method followed by calcination at 650°C for 5 hours, and their cytotoxicity properties against cancer cell lines were determined. The characterization was carried out using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brauner-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurements, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, zeta size potential, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The cytotoxicity of iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles was determined using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays against three human cancer cell lines (breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells, colon carcinoma HT29 cells, and hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells) and two normal human cell lines (normal hepatocyte Chang cells and normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells [HUVECs]). The results suggest for the first time that iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles are cytotoxic to MDA-MB231 and HepG2 cancer cells but have less toxicity to HT29 and normal cells at concentrations from 7.8 µg/mL to 500 µg/mL. The morphology of the treated cells was also studied, and the results supported those from the cytotoxicity study in that the nanoparticle-treated HepG2 and MDA-MB231 cells had more dramatic changes in cell morphology than the HT29 cells. In this manner, this study provides the first evidence that iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles should be further studied for a wide range of cancer applications without detrimental effects on healthy cell functions.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferro/química , Manganês/química , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfatos/química , Zircônio/química , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Neoplasias/patologia , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Difração de Raios X , Zircônio/administração & dosagem
20.
J Oleo Sci ; 64(5): 505-14, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25843280

RESUMO

The utilization of ferric-manganese promoted molybdenum oxide/zirconia (Fe-Mn- MoO3/ZrO2) (FMMZ) solid acid catalyst for production of biodiesel was demonstrated. FMMZ is produced through impregnation reaction followed by calcination at 600°C for 3 h. The characterization of FMMZ had been done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), temperature programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and Brunner-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement. The effect of waste cooking oil methyl esters (WCOME's) yield on the reactions variables such as reaction temperature, catalyst loading, molar ratio of methanol/oil and reusability were also assessed. The catalyst was used to convert the waste cooking oil into corresponding methyl esters (95.6%±0.15) within 5 h at 200℃ reaction temperature, 600 rpm stirring speed, 1:25 molar ratio of oil to alcohol and 4% w/w catalyst loading. The reported catalyst was successfully recycled in six connective experiments without loss in activity. Moreover, the fuel properties of WCOME's were also reported using ASTM D 6751 methods.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Biotecnologia/métodos , Compostos Férricos/química , Molibdênio/química , Nanopartículas , Óxidos/química , Óleos Vegetais , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Zircônio/química , Catálise , Ésteres , Temperatura Alta , Manganês/química , Metanol , Fatores de Tempo
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