Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 40
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15597, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666653

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the kidneys under physiological and pathological conditions, but their role in immune glomerulonephritis is unclear. miR-146a has been identified as a key player in innate immunity and inflammatory responses, and in the kidney, this miRNA is involved in the response of injured tubular cells. We studied the renal and immune phenotypes of miR-146a+/+ and miR-146a-/- mice at 12 months of age, and the results showed that miR-146a-/- mice developed autoimmunity during aging, as demonstrated by circulating antibodies targeting double-stranded DNA and an immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis associated with a mild renal immune infiltrate. In addition, miR-146a-/- mice showed reduced expression of the transmembrane protein Kim1/Tim1, a key regulator of regulatory B cell (Breg) homeostasis, in the kidney and the immune cells. The numbers of memory B cells and plasmablasts were increased in miR-146a-/- mice compared with the numbers in wild-type mice, whereas Bregs were decreased in number and displayed an altered capacity to produce IL-10. Finally, we showed that miR-146a-/- mice develop an autoimmune syndrome with increasing age, and this syndrome includes immune complex glomerulonephritis, which might be due to altered B cell responses associated with Kim1/Tim1 deficiency. This study unravels a link between miR-146a and Kim1 and identifies miR-146a as a significant player in immune-mediated glomerulonephritis pathogenesis.

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(22): 10899-10904, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085644

RESUMO

At this time, pretransplant viral screening of donors and recipients is based on serological status and limited to certain viruses. After transplantation, patient follow-up is based on a monitoring strategy using ELISA or PCR. Such approaches exclude other emerging viruses that can affect the transplant outcome. Recently, a multiplex unbiased array, VirScan, was developed. This tool allows the detection of antibodies against viruses, using a synthetic human virome, with minimal serum and cost. We decided to test the value of VirScan in the follow-up of a cohort of transplant recipients. We enrolled 45 kidney transplant recipients and performed virus serological profiling at day 0 and day +365, using VirScan. We compared the results obtained with ELISA/PCR assays. We detected antibody responses to 39 of the 206 species of virus present in the VirScan library, with an average of 12 species of virus per sample. VirScan gave similar results to PCR/ELISA screening tests. Using VirScan, we found that anti-viral antibody responses were largely conserved in patients during the first year after transplantation, regardless of immunosuppressive treatment. Our study suggests VirScan offers an unprecedented opportunity to screen and monitor posttransplant virus infection in a cost-effective, easy, and unbiased manner.

4.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(476)2019 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30674655

RESUMO

Fibrosis contributes to the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Severe acute kidney injury can lead to CKD through proximal tubular cell (PTC) cycle arrest in the G2-M phase, with secretion of profibrotic factors. Here, we show that epithelial cells in the G2-M phase form target of rapamycin (TOR)-autophagy spatial coupling compartments (TASCCs), which promote profibrotic secretion similar to the senescence-associated secretory phenotype. Cyclin G1 (CG1), an atypical cyclin, promoted G2-M arrest in PTCs and up-regulated TASCC formation. PTC TASCC formation was also present in humans with CKD. Prevention of TASCC formation in cultured PTCs blocked secretion of profibrotic factors. PTC-specific knockout of a key TASCC component reduced the rate of kidney fibrosis progression in mice with CKD. CG1 induction and TASCC formation also occur in liver fibrosis. Deletion of CG1 reduced G2-M phase cells and TASCC formation in vivo. This study provides mechanistic evidence supporting how profibrotic G2-M arrest is induced in kidney injury and how G2-M-arrested PTCs promote fibrosis, identifying new therapeutic targets to mitigate kidney fibrosis.

5.
Kidney Int ; 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471880

RESUMO

Mitochondrial diseases represent a significant clinical challenge. Substantial efforts have been devoted to identifying therapeutic strategies for mitochondrial disorders, but effective interventions have remained elusive. Recently, we reported attenuation of disease in a mouse model of the human mitochondrial disease Leigh syndrome through pharmacological inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). The human mitochondrial disorder MELAS/MIDD (Mitochondrial Encephalopathy with Lactic Acidosis and Stroke-like Episodes/Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness) shares many phenotypic characteristics with Leigh syndrome. MELAS/MIDD often leads to organ failure and transplantation and there are currently no effective treatments. To examine the therapeutic potential of mTOR inhibition in human mitochondrial disease, four kidney transplant recipients with MELAS/MIDD were switched from calcineurin inhibitors to mTOR inhibitors for immunosuppression. Primary fibroblast lines were generated from patient dermal biopsies and the impact of rapamycin was studied using cell-based end points. Metabolomic profiles of the four patients were obtained before and after the switch. pS6, a measure of mTOR signaling, was significantly increased in MELAS/MIDD cells compared to controls in the absence of treatment, demonstrating mTOR overactivation. Rapamycin rescued multiple deficits in cultured cells including mitochondrial morphology, mitochondrial membrane potential, and replicative capacity. Clinical measures of health and mitochondrial disease progression were improved in all four patients following the switch to an mTOR inhibitor. Metabolomic analysis was consistent with mitochondrial function improvement in all patients.

6.
BMC Genomics ; 19(1): 558, 2018 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060733

RESUMO

After the publication of this work [1], a mistake was noticed in the Eq. 1. Given an m × n expression matrix with m genes and samples of n tissues, the correct definition of the Gini index for gene i is.

7.
EMBO J ; 37(15)2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29925518

RESUMO

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and other renal ciliopathies are characterized by cysts, inflammation, and fibrosis. Cilia function as signaling centers, but a molecular link to inflammation in the kidney has not been established. Here, we show that cilia in renal epithelia activate chemokine signaling to recruit inflammatory cells. We identify a complex of the ciliary kinase LKB1 and several ciliopathy-related proteins including NPHP1 and PKD1. At homeostasis, this ciliary module suppresses expression of the chemokine CCL2 in tubular epithelial cells. Deletion of LKB1 or PKD1 in mouse renal tubules elevates CCL2 expression in a cell-autonomous manner and results in peritubular accumulation of CCR2+ mononuclear phagocytes, promoting a ciliopathy phenotype. Our findings establish an epithelial organelle, the cilium, as a gatekeeper of tissue immune cell numbers. This represents an unexpected disease mechanism for renal ciliopathies and establishes a new model for how epithelial cells regulate immune cells to affect tissue homeostasis.

8.
Nature ; 558(7711): 540-546, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899452

RESUMO

CLOVES syndrome (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal naevi, scoliosis/skeletal and spinal syndrome) is a genetic disorder that results from somatic, mosaic gain-of-function mutations of the PIK3CA gene, and belongs to the spectrum of PIK3CA-related overgrowth syndromes (PROS). This rare condition has no specific treatment and a poor survival rate. Here, we describe a postnatal mouse model of PROS/CLOVES that partially recapitulates the human disease, and demonstrate the efficacy of BYL719, an inhibitor of PIK3CA, in preventing and improving organ dysfunction. On the basis of these results, we used BYL719 to treat nineteen patients with PROS. The drug improved the disease symptoms in all patients. Previously intractable vascular tumours became smaller, congestive heart failure was improved, hemihypertrophy was reduced, and scoliosis was attenuated. The treatment was not associated with any substantial side effects. In conclusion, this study provides the first direct evidence supporting PIK3CA inhibition as a promising therapeutic strategy in patients with PROS.

9.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 103(6): 2319-2328, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618028

RESUMO

Context: The bone-derived hormone fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 controls phosphate homeostasis and urinary phosphate excretion. FGF23 plasma levels increase in the early stage of renal insufficiency to prevent hyperphosphatemia. Recent evidence suggests that this increase has effects on cardiac and immune cells that compromise patients' health. Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have been reported to have higher FGF23 concentrations than other patients with similar renal function. The significance of this finding has remained unknown. Methods and Results: Analyzing the FGF23 plasma levels in 434 patients with ADPKD and 355 control subjects with a measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) between 60 and 120 mL/min per 1.73 m2, we confirmed that patients with ADPKD had higher FGF23 plasma concentrations than controls. Remarkably, this difference did not translate into renal phosphate leakage. Using different assays for FGF23, we found that this discrepancy was explained by a predominant increase in the cleaved C-terminal fragment of FGF23, which lacks phosphaturic activity. We found that FGF23 plasma concentration independently correlated with the severity of cystic liver disease in ADPKD. We observed that, in contrast to control liver tissues, the cystic liver from patients with ADPKD markedly expressed FGF23 messenger RNA and protein. In line with this finding, the surgical reduction of polycystic liver mass was associated with a decrease in FGF23 plasma levels independently of any modification in mGFR, phosphate, or iron status. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that severely polycystic livers produce FGF23 and increase levels of circulating FGF23 in patients with ADPKD.

10.
PLoS Genet ; 13(12): e1007093, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29240767

RESUMO

Congenital nephron number varies widely in the human population and individuals with low nephron number are at risk of developing hypertension and chronic kidney disease. The development of the kidney occurs via an orchestrated morphogenetic process where metanephric mesenchyme and ureteric bud reciprocally interact to induce nephron formation. The genetic networks that modulate the extent of this process and set the final nephron number are mostly unknown. Here, we identified a specific isoform of MITF (MITF-A), a bHLH-Zip transcription factor, as a novel regulator of the final nephron number. We showed that overexpression of MITF-A leads to a substantial increase of nephron number and bigger kidneys, whereas Mitfa deficiency results in reduced nephron number. Furthermore, we demonstrated that MITF-A triggers ureteric bud branching, a phenotype that is associated with increased ureteric bud cell proliferation. Molecular studies associated with an in silico analyses revealed that amongst the putative MITF-A targets, Ret was significantly modulated by MITF-A. Consistent with the key role of this network in kidney morphogenesis, Ret heterozygosis prevented the increase of nephron number in mice overexpressing MITF-A. Collectively, these results uncover a novel transcriptional network that controls branching morphogenesis during kidney development and identifies one of the first modifier genes of nephron endowment.


Assuntos
Rim/fisiologia , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/metabolismo , Néfrons/fisiologia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/embriologia , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/genética , Morfogênese , Néfrons/anatomia & histologia , Néfrons/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Néfrons/metabolismo , Organogênese , Isoformas de Proteínas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ret/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ret/metabolismo , Ureter/metabolismo , Ureter/fisiologia
11.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 1474, 2017 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28469279

RESUMO

Glycosylation is critical for the regulation of several cellular processes. One glycosylation pathway, the unusual O-linked ß-N-acetylglucosamine glycosylation (O-GlcNAcylation) has been shown to be required for proper mitosis, likely through a subset of proteins that are O-GlcNAcylated during metaphase. As lectins bind glycosylated proteins, we asked if specific lectins interact with mitotic O-GlcNAcylated proteins during metaphase to ensure correct cell division. Galectin-3, a small soluble lectin of the Galectin family, is an excellent candidate, as it has been previously described as a transient centrosomal component in interphase and mitotic epithelial cells. In addition, it has recently been shown to associate with basal bodies in motile cilia, where it stabilizes the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC). Using an experimental mouse model of chronic kidney disease and human epithelial cell lines, we investigate the role of Galectin-3 in dividing epithelial cells. Here we find that Galectin-3 is essential for metaphase where it associates with NuMA in an O-GlcNAcylation-dependent manner. We provide evidence that the NuMA-Galectin-3 interaction is important for mitotic spindle cohesion and for stable NuMA localization to the spindle pole, thus revealing that Galectin-3 is a novel contributor to epithelial mitotic progress.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 18(1): 277, 2017 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28376718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene expression data can be compromised by cells originating from other tissues than the target tissue of profiling. Failures in detecting such tissue heterogeneity have profound implications on data interpretation and reproducibility. A computational tool explicitly addressing the issue is warranted. RESULTS: We introduce BioQC, a R/Bioconductor software package to detect tissue heterogeneity in gene expression data. To this end BioQC implements a computationally efficient Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and provides more than 150 signatures of tissue-enriched genes derived from large-scale transcriptomics studies. Simulation experiments show that BioQC is both fast and sensitive in detecting tissue heterogeneity. In a case study with whole-organ profiling data, BioQC predicted contamination events that are confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Applied to transcriptomics data of the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project, BioQC reveals clustering of samples and suggests that some samples likely suffer from tissue heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience with gene expression data indicates a prevalence of tissue heterogeneity that often goes unnoticed. BioQC addresses the issue by integrating prior knowledge with a scalable algorithm. We propose BioQC as a first-line tool to ensure quality and reproducibility of gene expression data.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Software , Algoritmos , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Camundongos , Especificidade de Órgãos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transcriptoma
13.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 28(7): 2144-2157, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28270414

RESUMO

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is involved in a variety of kidney diseases. Clinical trials administering mTOR inhibitors to patients with FSGS, a prototypic podocyte disease, led to conflicting results, ranging from remission to deterioration of kidney function. Here, we combined complex genetic titration of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) levels in murine glomerular disease models, pharmacologic studies, and human studies to precisely delineate the role of mTOR in FSGS. mTORC1 target genes were significantly induced in microdissected glomeruli from both patients with FSGS and a murine FSGS model. Furthermore, a mouse model with constitutive mTORC1 activation closely recapitulated human FSGS. Notably, the complete knockout of mTORC1 by induced deletion of both Raptor alleles accelerated the progression of murine FSGS models. However, lowering mTORC1 signaling by deleting just one Raptor allele ameliorated the progression of glomerulosclerosis. Similarly, low-dose treatment with the mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin efficiently diminished disease progression. Mechanistically, complete pharmacologic inhibition of mTOR in immortalized podocytes shifted the cellular energy metabolism toward reduced rates of oxidative phosphorylation and anaerobic glycolysis, which correlated with increased production of reactive oxygen species. Together, these data suggest that podocyte injury and loss is commonly followed by adaptive mTOR activation. Prolonged mTOR activation, however, results in a metabolic podocyte reprogramming leading to increased cellular stress and dedifferentiation, thus offering a treatment rationale for incomplete mTOR inhibition.


Assuntos
Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/etiologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/prevenção & controle , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Complexos Multiproteicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Complexos Multiproteicos/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/fisiologia , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina , Camundongos
14.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 28(2): 479-493, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27444565

RESUMO

AKI leads to tubular injury and interstitial inflammation that must be controlled to avoid the development of fibrosis. We hypothesized that microRNAs are involved in the regulation of the balance between lesion formation and adaptive repair. We found that, under proinflammatory conditions, microRNA-146a (miR-146a) is transcriptionally upregulated by ligands of IL-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor family members via the activation of NF-κB in cultured renal proximal tubular cells. In vivo, more severe renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) associated with increased expression of miR-146a in both allografts and urine of human kidney transplant recipients, and unilateral IRI in mice induced miR-146a expression in injured kidneys. After unilateral IRI, miR-146a-/- mice exhibited more extensive tubular injury, inflammatory infiltrates, and fibrosis than wild-type mice. In vitro, overexpression or downregulation of miR-146a diminished or enhanced, respectively, IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 expression and induced similar effects on C-X-C motif ligand 8 (CXCL8)/CXCL1 expression by injured tubular cells. Moreover, inhibition of CXCL8/CXCL1 signaling prevented the development of inflammation and fibrosis after IRI in miR-146a-/- mice. In conclusion, these results indicate that miR-146a is a key mediator of the renal tubular response to IRI that limits the consequences of inflammation, a key process in the development of AKI and CKD.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/genética , Interleucina-8/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Traumatismo por Reperfusão
15.
Kidney Int ; 91(1): 34-44, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27555120

RESUMO

The antiphospholipid syndrome is a common autoimmune disease caused by pathogenic antiphospholipid antibodies, leading to recurrent thrombosis and/or obstetrical complications. Importantly for nephrologists, antiphospholipid antibodies are associated with various renal manifestations including large renal vessel thrombosis, renal artery stenosis, and a constellation of intrarenal lesions that has been termed antiphospholipid nephropathy. This last condition associates various degrees of acute thrombotic microangiopathy, proliferative and fibrotic lesions of the intrarenal vessels, and ischemic modifications of the renal parenchyma. The course of the disease can range from indolent nephropathy to devastating acute renal failure. The pejorative impact of antiphospholipid antibody-related renal complication is well established in the context of systemic lupus erythematous or after renal transplantation. In contrast, the exact significance of isolated antiphospholipid nephropathy remains uncertain. The evidence to guide management of the renal complications of antiphospholipid syndrome is limited. However, the recent recognition of the heterogeneous molecular mechanisms underlying the progression of intrarenal vascular lesions in antiphospholipid syndrome have opened promising tracks for patient monitoring and targeted therapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Nefropatias/imunologia , Nefropatias/terapia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/imunologia , Trombose/imunologia , Aloenxertos/irrigação sanguínea , Aloenxertos/imunologia , Aloenxertos/patologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/imunologia , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Troca Plasmática , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/complicações , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/epidemiologia , beta 2-Glicoproteína I/imunologia
16.
Kidney Int ; 90(5): 1037-1044, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27528551

RESUMO

Recent research on podocytes has proposed B7-1 as an important player in podocyte biology and as a potential new therapeutic target. B7-1 was upregulated in injured podocytes and described as a biomarker to identify patients who may benefit from abatacept, a B7-1 blocker. However, after this initial enthusiasm, several reports have not confirmed the efficiency of abatacept at inducing proteinuria remission in patients. In order to resolve these discrepancies, we explored the role of B7-1 in the injured podocyte. Both primary cultured and immortalized podocytes were exposed to lipopolysaccharides, but this failed to induce B7-1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels. Importantly, TLR-4 engagement confirmed lipopolysaccharide efficacy. We then evaluated B7-1 expression in several mouse models of podocyte injury including treatment with lipopolysaccharide or Adriamycin, a lupus prone model (NZB/W F1) and subtotal nephrectomy. Using 3 commercially available anti-B7-1 antibodies and appropriate controls, we could not find B7-1 expression in podocytes, whereas some infiltrating cells were positive. Thus, our findings do not support a role for B7-1 in podocyte biology. Hence, further studies are mandatory before treating proteinuric patients with B7-1 blockers.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-1/metabolismo , Podócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Cultura Primária de Células
17.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 27(12): 3690-3705, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27153926

RESUMO

In CKD, tubular cells may be involved in the induction of interstitial fibrosis, which in turn, leads to loss of renal function. However, the molecular mechanisms that link tubular cells to the interstitial compartment are not clear. Activation of the Stat3 transcription factor has been reported in tubular cells after renal damage, and Stat3 has been implicated in CKD progression. Here, we combined an experimental model of nephron reduction in mice from different genetic backgrounds and genetically modified animals with in silico and in vitro experiments to determine whether the selective activation of Stat3 in tubular cells is involved in the development of interstitial fibrosis. Nephron reduction caused Stat3 phosphorylation in tubular cells of lesion-prone mice but not in resistant mice. Furthermore, specific deletion of Stat3 in tubular cells significantly reduced the extent of interstitial fibrosis, which correlated with reduced fibroblast proliferation and matrix synthesis, after nephron reduction. Mechanistically, in vitro tubular Stat3 activation triggered the expression of a specific subset of paracrine profibrotic factors, including Lcn2, Pdgfb, and Timp1. Together, our results provide a molecular link between tubular and interstitial cells during CKD progression and identify Stat3 as a central regulator of this link and a promising therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular , Túbulos Renais/citologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/fisiologia , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos
18.
Nat Cell Biol ; 18(6): 657-67, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27214279

RESUMO

Autophagy is an adaptation mechanism that is vital for cellular homeostasis in response to various stress conditions. Previous reports indicate that there is a functional interaction between the primary cilium (PC) and autophagy. The PC, a microtubule-based structure present at the surface of numerous cell types, is a mechanical sensor. Here we show that autophagy induced by fluid flow regulates kidney epithelial cell volume in vitro and in vivo. PC ablation blocked autophagy induction and cell-volume regulation. In addition, inhibition of autophagy in ciliated cells impaired the flow-dependent regulation of cell volume. PC-dependent autophagy can be triggered either by mTOR inhibition or a mechanism dependent on the polycystin 2 channel. Only the LKB1-AMPK-mTOR signalling pathway was required for the flow-dependent regulation of cell volume by autophagy. These findings suggest that therapies regulating autophagy should be considered in developing treatments for PC-related diseases.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Celulares , Cílios/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/citologia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/fisiologia , Animais , Tamanho Celular , Cães , Immunoblotting , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/fisiologia
19.
PLoS Genet ; 12(3): e1005894, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26967905

RESUMO

Ciliopathies are a group of genetic multi-systemic disorders related to dysfunction of the primary cilium, a sensory organelle present at the cell surface that regulates key signaling pathways during development and tissue homeostasis. In order to identify novel genes whose mutations would cause severe developmental ciliopathies, >500 patients/fetuses were analyzed by a targeted high throughput sequencing approach allowing exome sequencing of >1200 ciliary genes. NEK8/NPHP9 mutations were identified in five cases with severe overlapping phenotypes including renal cystic dysplasia/hypodysplasia, situs inversus, cardiopathy with hypertrophic septum and bile duct paucity. These cases highlight a genotype-phenotype correlation, with missense and nonsense mutations associated with hypodysplasia and enlarged cystic organs, respectively. Functional analyses of NEK8 mutations in patient fibroblasts and mIMCD3 cells showed that these mutations differentially affect ciliogenesis, proliferation/apoptosis/DNA damage response, as well as epithelial morphogenesis. Notably, missense mutations exacerbated some of the defects due to NEK8 loss of function, highlighting their likely gain-of-function effect. We also showed that NEK8 missense and loss-of-function mutations differentially affect the regulation of the main Hippo signaling effector, YAP, as well as the expression of its target genes in patient fibroblasts and renal cells. YAP imbalance was also observed in enlarged spheroids of Nek8-invalidated renal epithelial cells grown in 3D culture, as well as in cystic kidneys of Jck mice. Moreover, co-injection of nek8 MO with WT or mutated NEK8-GFP RNA in zebrafish embryos led to shortened dorsally curved body axis, similar to embryos injected with human YAP RNA. Finally, treatment with Verteporfin, an inhibitor of YAP transcriptional activity, partially rescued the 3D spheroid defects of Nek8-invalidated cells and the abnormalities of NEK8-overexpressing zebrafish embryos. Altogether, our study demonstrates that NEK8 human mutations cause major organ developmental defects due to altered ciliogenesis and cell differentiation/proliferation through deregulation of the Hippo pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Cílios/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Doenças Renais Policísticas/genética , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/biossíntese , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Cílios/patologia , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Camundongos , Morfogênese/genética , Mutação , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA , Fosfoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfoproteínas/biossíntese , Doenças Renais Policísticas/patologia , Porfirinas/administração & dosagem , Transdução de Sinais , Verteporfina , Peixe-Zebra
20.
Nephrol Ther ; 12 Suppl 1: S35-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26972095

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease is characterized by the progressive loss of functional nephrons. This loss means that the remaining nephrons are put under stress and are forced to adapt in order to maintain kidney function. Over the time, the strains imposed by these adaptations result in a vicious circle in which the loss of damaged nephrons results in the damage of the so far healthy nephrons. Hence, the rate of chronic kidney disease progression depends on the ability of the remaining nephrons to cope with stress. This article reviews the molecular pathways involved in the compensation and deterioration process after nephron reduction. In particular, we examine the role of mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC)/serine-threonine protein kinase AKT, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and unfolded protein response pathways, as well as the pleiotropic function of Lipocalin 2. We also discuss the dual role played by some of these pathways in acute and chronic kidney disease. Finally, the relevance of these experimental finding to human chronic kidney disease is discussed.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Néfrons/metabolismo , Néfrons/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA