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1.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e084488, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643011

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neoadjuvant systemic anticancer therapy (neoSACT) is increasingly used in the treatment of early breast cancer. Response to therapy is prognostic and allows locoregional and adjuvant systemic treatments to be tailored to minimise morbidity and optimise oncological outcomes and quality of life. Accurate information about locoregional treatments following neoSACT is vital to allow the translation of downstaging benefits into practice and facilitate meaningful interpretation of oncological outcomes, particularly locoregional recurrence. Reporting of locoregional treatments in neoSACT studies, however, is currently poor. The development of a core outcome set (COS) and reporting guidelines is one strategy by which this may be improved. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A COS for reporting locoregional treatment (surgery and radiotherapy) in neoSACT trials will be developed in accordance with Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) and Core Outcome Set-Standards for Development guidelines. Reporting guidance will be developed concurrently.The project will have three phases: (1) generation of a long list of relevant outcome domains and reporting items from a systematic review of published neoSACT studies and interviews with key stakeholders. Identified items and domains will be categorised and formatted into Delphi consensus questionnaire items. (2) At least two rounds of an international online Delphi survey in which at least 250 key stakeholders (surgeons/oncologists/radiologists/pathologists/trialists/methodologists) will score the importance of reporting each outcome. (3) A consensus meeting with key stakeholders to discuss and agree the final COS and reporting guidance. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval for the consensus process will be obtained from the Queen's University Belfast Faculty Ethics Committee. The COS/reporting guidelines will be presented at international meetings and published in peer-reviewed journals. Dissemination materials will be produced in collaboration with our steering group and patient advocates so the results can be shared widely. REGISTRATION: The study has been prospectively registered on the COMET website (https://www.comet-initiative.org/Studies/Details/2854).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Humanos , Feminino , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Técnica Delfos , Determinação de Ponto Final , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
2.
Sci Signal ; 17(826): eadh4475, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442201

RESUMO

The translation elongation factor eEF1A promotes protein synthesis. Its methylation by METTL13 increases its activity, supporting tumor growth. However, in some cancers, a high abundance of eEF1A isoforms is associated with a good prognosis. Here, we found that eEF1A2 exhibited oncogenic or tumor-suppressor functions depending on its interaction with METTL13 or the phosphatase PTEN, respectively. METTL13 and PTEN competed for interaction with eEF1A2 in the same structural domain. PTEN-bound eEF1A2 promoted the ubiquitination and degradation of the mitosis-promoting Aurora kinase A in the S and G2 phases of the cell cycle. eEF1A2 bridged the interactions between the SKP1-CUL1-FBXW7 (SCF) ubiquitin ligase complex, the kinase GSK3ß, and Aurora-A, thereby facilitating the phosphorylation of Aurora-A in a degron site that was recognized by FBXW7. Genetic ablation of Eef1a2 or Pten in mice resulted in a greater abundance of Aurora-A and increased cell cycling in mammary tumors, which was corroborated in breast cancer tissues from patients. Reactivating this pathway using fimepinostat, which relieves inhibitory signaling directed at PTEN and increases FBXW7 expression, combined with inhibiting Aurora-A with alisertib, suppressed breast cancer cell proliferation in culture and tumor growth in vivo. The findings demonstrate a therapeutically exploitable, tumor-suppressive role for eEF1A2 in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Aurora Quinase A , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Aurora Quinase A/genética , Aurora Quinase A/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteína 7 com Repetições F-Box-WD/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/genética , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/genética , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/metabolismo
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e242684, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517441

RESUMO

Importance: Surgery with complete tumor resection remains the main treatment option for patients with breast cancer. Yet, current technologies are limited in providing accurate assessment of breast tissue in vivo, warranting development of new technologies for surgical guidance. Objective: To evaluate the performance of the MasSpec Pen for accurate intraoperative assessment of breast tissues and surgical margins based on metabolic and lipid information. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this diagnostic study conducted between February 23, 2017, and August 19, 2021, the mass spectrometry-based device was used to analyze healthy breast and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) banked tissue samples from adult patients undergoing breast surgery for ductal carcinomas or nonmalignant conditions. Fresh-frozen tissue samples and touch imprints were analyzed in a laboratory. Intraoperative in vivo and ex vivo breast tissue analyses were performed by surgical staff in operating rooms (ORs) within 2 different hospitals at the Texas Medical Center. Molecular data were used to build statistical classifiers. Main Outcomes and Measures: Prediction results of tissue analyses from classification models were compared with gross assessment, frozen section analysis, and/or final postoperative pathology to assess accuracy. Results: All data acquired from the 143 banked tissue samples, including 79 healthy breast and 64 IDC tissues, were included in the statistical analysis. Data presented rich molecular profiles of healthy and IDC banked tissue samples, with significant changes in relative abundances observed for several metabolic species. Statistical classifiers yielded accuracies of 95.6%, 95.5%, and 90.6% for training, validation, and independent test sets, respectively. A total of 25 participants enrolled in the clinical, intraoperative study; all were female, and the median age was 58 years (IQR, 44-66 years). Intraoperative testing of the technology was successfully performed by surgical staff during 25 breast operations. Of 273 intraoperative analyses performed during 25 surgical cases, 147 analyses from 22 cases were subjected to statistical classification. Testing of the classifiers on 147 intraoperative mass spectra yielded 95.9% agreement with postoperative pathology results. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this diagnostic study suggest that the mass spectrometry-based system could be clinically valuable to surgeons and patients by enabling fast molecular-based intraoperative assessment of in vivo and ex vivo breast tissue samples and surgical margins.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Margens de Excisão , Mama/cirurgia , Mama/patologia , Mastectomia , Espectrometria de Massas
4.
BMJ ; 384: e077039, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how the number and type of breast cancers developed after screen detected atypia compare with the anticipated 11.3 cancers detected per 1000 women screened within one three year screening round in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Observational analysis of the Sloane atypia prospective cohort in England. SETTING: Atypia diagnoses through the English NHS breast screening programme reported to the Sloane cohort study. This cohort is linked to the English Cancer Registry and the Mortality and Birth Information System for information on subsequent breast cancer and mortality. PARTICIPANTS: 3238 women diagnosed as having epithelial atypia between 1 April 2003 and 30 June 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and type of invasive breast cancers detected at one, three, and six years after atypia diagnosis by atypia type, age, and year of diagnosis. RESULTS: There was a fourfold increase in detection of atypia after the introduction of digital mammography between 2010 (n=119) and 2015 (n=502). During 19 088 person years of follow-up after atypia diagnosis (until December 2018), 141 women developed breast cancer. Cumulative incidence of cancer per 1000 women with atypia was 0.95 (95% confidence interval 0.28 to 2.69), 14.2 (10.3 to 19.1), and 45.0 (36.3 to 55.1) at one, three, and six years after atypia diagnosis, respectively. Women with atypia detected more recently have lower rates of subsequent cancers detected within three years (6.0 invasive cancers per 1000 women (95% confidence interval 3.1 to 10.9) in 2013-18 v 24.3 (13.7 to 40.1) in 2003-07, and 24.6 (14.9 to 38.3) in 2008-12). Grade, size, and nodal involvement of subsequent invasive cancers were similar to those of cancers detected in the general screening population, with equal numbers of ipsilateral and contralateral cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Many atypia could represent risk factors rather than precursors of invasive cancer requiring surgery in the short term. Women with atypia detected more recently have lower rates of subsequent cancers detected, which might be associated with changes to mammography and biopsy techniques identifying forms of atypia that are more likely to represent overdiagnosis. Annual mammography in the short term after atypia diagnosis might not be beneficial. More evidence is needed about longer term risks.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Medicina Estatal , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Mamografia/métodos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento
5.
J Clin Oncol ; 42(10): 1124-1134, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241603

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A number of studies are currently investigating de-escalation of radiation therapy in patients with a low risk of in-breast relapses on the basis of clinicopathologic factors and molecular tests. We evaluated whether 70-gene risk score is associated with risk of locoregional recurrence (LRR) and estimated 8-year cumulative incidences for LRR in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conservation. METHODS: In this exploratory substudy of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10041/BIG 03-04 MINDACT trial, we evaluated women with a known clinical and genomic 70-gene risk score test result and who had breast-conserving surgery (BCS). The primary end point was LRR at 8 years, estimated by cumulative incidences. Distant metastasis and death were considered competing risks. RESULTS: Among 6,693 enrolled patients, 5,470 (81.7%) underwent BCS, of whom 98% received radiotherapy. At 8-year follow-up, 189 patients experienced a LRR, resulting in an 8-year cumulative incidence of 3.2% (95% CI, 2.7 to 3.7). In patients with a low-risk 70-gene signature, the 8-year LRR incidence was 2.7% (95% CI, 2.1 to 3.3). In univariable analysis, adjusted for chemotherapy, five of 12 variables were associated with LRR, including the 70-gene signature. In multivariable modeling, adjuvant endocrine therapy and to a lesser extent tumor size and grade remained significantly associated with LRR. CONCLUSION: This exploratory analysis of the MINDACT trial estimated an 8-year low LRR rate of 3.2% after BCS. The 70-gene signature was not independently predictive of LRR perhaps because of the low number of events observed and currently cannot be used in clinical decision making regarding LRR. The overall low number of events does provide an opportunity to design trials toward de-escalation of local therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva
6.
Br J Radiol ; 97(1154): 324-330, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265306

RESUMO

Evidence-based clinical guidelines are essential to maximize patient benefit and to reduce clinical uncertainty and inconsistency in clinical practice. Gaps in the evidence base can be addressed by data acquired in routine practice. At present, there is no international consensus on management of women diagnosed with atypical lesions in breast screening programmes. Here, we describe how routine NHS breast screening data collected by the Sloane atypia project was used to inform a management pathway that maximizes early detection of cancer and minimizes over-investigation of lesions with uncertain malignant potential. A half-day consensus meeting with 11 clinical experts, 1 representative from Independent Cancer Patients' Voice, 6 representatives from NHS England (NHSE) including from Commissioning, and 2 researchers was held to facilitate discussions of findings from an analysis of the Sloane atypia project. Key considerations of the expert group in terms of the management of women with screen detected atypia were: (1) frequency and purpose of follow-up; (2) communication to patients; (3) generalizability of study results; and (4) workforce challenges. The group concurred that the new evidence does not support annual surveillance mammography for women with atypia, irrespective of type of lesion, or woman's age. Continued data collection is paramount to monitor and audit the change in recommendations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Consenso , Incerteza , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Mamografia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia
7.
Neoplasma ; 70(5): 621-632, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38053383

RESUMO

Breast cancers are a heterogeneous group of tumors classified according to their histological growth patterns and receptor expression characteristics. Intratumor heterogeneity also exists, with subpopulations of cells with different phenotypes found in individual cancers, including cells with stem or progenitor cell properties. At least two types of breast cancer stem cells (CSCs) exist, the epithelial and the basal/mesenchymal subtypes, although how these phenotypes are controlled is unknown. ΔNp63 is a basal cell marker and regulator of stem/progenitor cell activities in the normal mammary gland and is expressed in the basal-like CSC subpopulation in some estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and/or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) breast adenocarcinomas. Whilst p63 is known to directly impart CSC properties in luminal breast cancer cells, how p63 is regulated and induced in these cells is unknown. We initially confirmed the existence of a small subpopulation of ΔNp63+ cells in lymph node metastases of ER+ human ductal adenocarcinomas, indicating together with previous reports that ΔNp63+ tumor cells are present in approximately 40% of these metastases. Notably, ΔNp63+ cells show a preferential location at the edge of tumor areas, suggesting possible regulation of ΔNp63 by the tumor microenvironment. Subsequently, we showed that the high levels of ΔNp63 in basal non-transformed MCF-10A mammary epithelial cells rely on insulin in their culture medium, whilst ΔNp63 levels are increased in MCF-7 ER+ luminal-type breast cancer cells treated with insulin or insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Mechanistically, small molecule inhibitors and siRNA gene knockdown demonstrated that induction of ΔNp63 by IGF-1 requires PI3K, ERK1/2, and p38 MAPK activation, and acts through FOXO transcriptional inactivation. We also show that metformin inhibits ΔNp63 induction. These data reveal an IGF-mediated mechanism to control basal-type breast CSCs, with therapeutic implications to modify intratumor breast cancer cell heterogeneity and plasticity.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Mama , Insulinas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
bioRxiv ; 2023 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37873375

RESUMO

Accurate detection of somatic mutations in single tumor cells is greatly desired as it allows us to quantify the single-cell mutation burden and construct the mutation-based phylogenetic tree. Here we developed scNanoSeq chemistry and profiled 842 single cells from 21 human breast cancer samples. The majority of the mutation-based phylogenetic trees comprise a characteristic stem evolution followed by the clonal sweep. We observed the subtype-dependent lengths in the stem evolution. To explain this phenomenon, we propose that the differences are related to different reprogramming required for different subtypes of breast cancer. Furthermore, we reason that the time that the tumor-initiating cell took to acquire the critical clonal-sweep-initiating mutation by random chance set the time limit for the reprogramming process. We refer to this model as a reprogramming and critical mutation co-timing (RCMC) subtype model. Next, in the sweeping clone, we observed that tumor cells undergo a branched evolution with rapidly decreasing selection. In the most recent clades, effectively neutral evolution has been reached, resulting in a substantially large number of mutational heterogeneities. Integrative analysis with 522-713X ultra-deep bulk whole genome sequencing (WGS) further validated this evolution mode. Mutation-based phylogenetic trees also allow us to identify the early branched cells in a few samples, whose phylogenetic trees support the gradual evolution of copy number variations (CNVs). Overall, the development of scNanoSeq allows us to unveil novel insights into breast cancer evolution.

9.
J Clin Oncol ; 41(35): 5356-5362, 2023 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37695982

RESUMO

Clinical trials frequently include multiple end points that mature at different times. The initial report, typically based on the primary end point, may be published when key planned coprimary or secondary analyses are not yet available. Clinical trial updates provide an opportunity to disseminate additional results from studies, published in JCO or elsewhere, for which the primary end point has already been reported.Metformin has been associated with lower cancer risk in epidemiologic and preclinical research. In the MA.32 randomized adjuvant breast cancer trial, metformin (v placebo) did not affect invasive disease-free or overall survival. Here, we report metformin effects on the risk of new cancer. Between 2010 and 2013, 3,649 patients with breast cancer younger than 75 years without diabetes with high-risk T1-3, N0-3 M0 breast cancer (any estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) were randomly assigned to metformin 850 mg orally twice a day or placebo twice a day for 5 years. New primary invasive cancers (outside the ipsilateral breast) developing as a first event were identified. Time to events was described by the competing risks method; two-sided likelihood ratio tests adjusting for age, BMI, smoking, and alcohol intake were used to compare metformin versus placebo arms. A total of 184 patients developed new invasive cancers: 102 metformin and 82 placebo, hazard ratio (HR), 1.25; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.68; P = .13. These included 48 contralateral invasive breast cancers (27 metformin v 21 placebo), HR, 1.29; 95% CI, 0.72 to 2.27; P = .40 and 136 new nonbreast primary cancers (75 metformin v 61 placebo), HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.74; P = .21. Metformin did not reduce the risk of new cancer development in these nondiabetic patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Metformina , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Canadá/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Metformina/uso terapêutico
10.
Cell ; 186(18): 3968-3982.e15, 2023 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37586362

RESUMO

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a common precursor of invasive breast cancer. Our understanding of its genomic progression to recurrent disease remains poor, partly due to challenges associated with the genomic profiling of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) materials. Here, we developed Arc-well, a high-throughput single-cell DNA-sequencing method that is compatible with FFPE materials. We validated our method by profiling 40,330 single cells from cell lines, a frozen tissue, and 27 FFPE samples from breast, lung, and prostate tumors stored for 3-31 years. Analysis of 10 patients with matched DCIS and cancers that recurred 2-16 years later show that many primary DCIS had already undergone whole-genome doubling and clonal diversification and that they shared genomic lineages with persistent subclones in the recurrences. Evolutionary analysis suggests that most DCIS cases in our cohort underwent an evolutionary bottleneck, and further identified chromosome aberrations in the persistent subclones that were associated with recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/genética , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/genética , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Genômica/métodos , Análise da Expressão Gênica de Célula Única , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
12.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 15: 17588359231189422, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37547448

RESUMO

Background: Recent advances have been made in targeting the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway in breast cancer. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a key component of that pathway. Objective: To understand the changes in PTEN expression over the course of the disease in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and whether PTEN copy number variation (CNV) by next-generation sequencing (NGS) can serve as an alternative to immunohistochemistry (IHC) to identify PTEN loss. Methods: We compared PTEN expression by IHC between pretreatment tumors and residual tumors in the breast and lymph nodes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 96 patients enrolled in a TNBC clinical trial. A correlative analysis between PTEN protein expression and PTEN CNV by NGS was also performed. Results: With a stringent cutoff for PTEN IHC scoring, PTEN expression was discordant between pretreatment and posttreatment primary tumors in 5% of patients (n = 96) and between posttreatment primary tumors and lymph node metastases in 9% (n = 33). A less stringent cutoff yielded similar discordance rates. Intratumoral heterogeneity for PTEN loss was observed in 7% of the patients. Among pretreatment tumors, PTEN copy numbers by whole exome sequencing (n = 72) were significantly higher in the PTEN-positive tumors by IHC compared with the IHC PTEN-loss tumors (p < 0.0001). However, PTEN-positive and PTEN-loss tumors by IHC overlapped in copy numbers: 14 of 60 PTEN-positive samples showed decreased copy numbers in the range of those of the PTEN-loss tumors. Conclusion: Testing various specimens by IHC may generate different PTEN results in a small proportion of patients with TNBC; therefore, the decision of testing one versus multiple specimens in a clinical trial should be defined in the patient inclusion criteria. Although a distinct cutoff by which CNV differentiated PTEN-positive tumors from those with PTEN loss was not identified, higher copy number of PTEN may confer positive PTEN, whereas lower copy number of PTEN would necessitate additional testing by IHC to assess PTEN loss. Trial registration: NCT02276443.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 15(13)2023 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37444385

RESUMO

High stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs) are associated with improved pathologic complete response (pCR) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We hypothesize that integrating high sTILs and additional clinicopathologic features associated with pCR could enhance our ability to predict the group of patients on whom treatment de-escalation strategies could be tested. In this prospective early-stage TNBC neoadjuvant chemotherapy study, pretreatment biopsies from 408 patients were evaluated for their clinical and demographic features, as well as biomarkers including sTILs, Ki-67, PD-L1 and androgen receptor. Multivariate logistic regression models were developed to generate a computed response score to predict pCR. The pCR rate for the entire cohort was 41%. Recursive partitioning analysis identified ≥20% as the optimal cutoff for sTILs to denote 35% (143/408) of patients as having high sTILs, with a pCR rate of 59%, and 65% (265/408) of patients as having low sTILs, with a pCR rate of 31%. High Ki-67 (cutoff > 35%) was identified as the only predictor of pCR in addition to sTILs in the training set. This finding was verified in the testing set, where the highest computed response score encompassing both high sTILa and high Ki-67 predicted a pCR rate of 65%. Integrating Ki67 and sTIL may refine the selection of early stage TNBC patients for neoadjuvant clinical trials evaluating de-escalation strategies.

15.
Radiol Imaging Cancer ; 5(4): e230009, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37505106

RESUMO

Purpose To determine if a radiomics model based on quantitative maps acquired with synthetic MRI (SyMRI) is useful for predicting neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NAST) response in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Materials and Methods In this prospective study, 181 women diagnosed with stage I-III TNBC were scanned with a SyMRI sequence at baseline and at midtreatment (after four cycles of NAST), producing T1, T2, and proton density (PD) maps. Histopathologic analysis at surgery was used to determine pathologic complete response (pCR) or non-pCR status. From three-dimensional tumor contours drawn on the three maps, 310 histogram and textural features were extracted, resulting in 930 features per scan. Radiomic features were compared between pCR and non-pCR groups by using Wilcoxon rank sum test. To build a multivariable predictive model, logistic regression with elastic net regularization and cross-validation was performed for texture feature selection using 119 participants (median age, 52 years [range, 26-77 years]). An independent testing cohort of 62 participants (median age, 48 years [range, 23-74 years]) was used to evaluate and compare the models by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results Univariable analysis identified 15 T1, 10 T2, and 12 PD radiomic features at midtreatment that predicted pCR with an AUC greater than 0.70 in both the training and testing cohorts. Multivariable radiomics models of maps acquired at midtreatment demonstrated superior performance over those acquired at baseline, achieving AUCs as high as 0.78 and 0.72 in the training and testing cohorts, respectively. Conclusion SyMRI-based radiomic features acquired at midtreatment are potentially useful for identifying early NAST responders in TNBC. Keywords: MR Imaging, Breast, Outcomes Analysis ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT02276443 Supplemental material is available for this article. © RSNA, 2023 See also the commentary by Houser and Rapelyea in this issue.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mama
16.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 9(1): 38, 2023 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37179362

RESUMO

We assessed the predictive value of an image analysis-based tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) score for pathologic complete response (pCR) and event-free survival in breast cancer (BC). About 113 pretreatment samples were analyzed from patients with stage IIB-IIIC HER-2-negative BC randomized to neoadjuvant chemotherapy ± bevacizumab. TILs quantification was performed on full sections using QuPath open-source software with a convolutional neural network cell classifier (CNN11). We used easTILs% as a digital metric of TILs score defined as [sum of lymphocytes area (mm2)/stromal area(mm2)] × 100. Pathologist-read stromal TILs score (sTILs%) was determined following published guidelines. Mean pretreatment easTILs% was significantly higher in cases with pCR compared to residual disease (median 36.1 vs.14.8%, p < 0.001). We observed a strong positive correlation (r = 0.606, p < 0.0001) between easTILs% and sTILs%. The area under the prediction curve (AUC) was higher for easTILs% than sTILs%, 0.709 and 0.627, respectively. Image analysis-based TILs quantification is predictive of pCR in BC and had better response discrimination than pathologist-read sTILs%.

17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 199(3): 457-469, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37061619

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant anti-PD-(L)1 therapy improves the pathological complete response (pCR) rate in unselected triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Given the potential for long-term morbidity from immune-related adverse events (irAEs), optimizing the risk-benefit ratio for these agents in the curative neoadjuvant setting is important. Suboptimal clinical response to initial neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is associated with low rates of pCR (2-5%) and may define a patient selection strategy for neoadjuvant immune checkpoint blockade. We conducted a single-arm phase II study of atezolizumab and nab-paclitaxel as the second phase of NAT in patients with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC)-resistant TNBC (NCT02530489). METHODS: Patients with stage I-III, AC-resistant TNBC, defined as disease progression or a < 80% reduction in tumor volume after 4 cycles of AC, were eligible. Patients received atezolizumab (1200 mg IV, Q3weeks × 4) and nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2 IV,Q1 week × 12) as the second phase of NAT before undergoing surgery followed by adjuvant atezolizumab (1200 mg IV, Q3 weeks, × 4). A two-stage Gehan-type design was employed to detect an improvement in pCR/residual cancer burden class I (RCB-I) rate from 5 to 20%. RESULTS: From 2/15/2016 through 1/29/2021, 37 patients with AC-resistant TNBC were enrolled. The pCR/RCB-I rate was 46%. No new safety signals were observed. Seven patients (19%) discontinued atezolizumab due to irAEs. CONCLUSION: This study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating a promising signal of activity in this high-risk population (pCR/RCB-I = 46% vs 5% in historical controls), suggesting that a response-adapted approach to the utilization of neoadjuvant immunotherapy should be considered for further evaluation in a randomized clinical trial.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos
18.
Biomarkers ; 28(3): 313-322, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) stay on endocrine therapy (ET) for years and others progress quickly. Serum thymidine kinase activity (TKa), an indicator of cell-proliferation, is a potential biomarker for monitoring ET and predicting MBC outcome. We have previously reported TKa as being prognostic in MBC in SWOG S0226. Here, new data on progression within 30/60 days post sampling, with a new, FDA approved version of DiviTum®TKa highlighting differences vs. a Research Use Only version is reported. METHODS: 1,546 serum samples from 454 patients were assessed, collected at baseline and at 4 subsequent timepoints during treatment. A new predefined cut-off tested the ability to predict disease progression. A new measuring unit, DuA (DiviTum® unit of Activity) is adopted. RESULTS: A DiviTum®TKa score <250 DuA provides a much lower risk of progression within 30/60 days after blood draw, the negative predictive value (NPV) was 96.7% and 93.5%, respectively. Patients <250 DuA experienced significantly longer progression-free survival and overall survival, demonstrated at baseline and for all time intervals. CONCLUSIONS: DiviTum®TKa provides clinically meaningful information for patients with HR+ MBC. Low TKa levels provide such a high NPV for rapid progression that such patients might forego additional therapy added to single agent ET.Trial registration: NCT00075764.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/uso terapêutico , Timidina Quinase/uso terapêutico
19.
Radiology ; 307(1): e221210, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625746

RESUMO

Background Guidelines recommend annual surveillance imaging after diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Guideline adherence has not been characterized in a contemporary cohort. Purpose To identify uptake and determinants of surveillance imaging in women who underwent treatment for DCIS. Materials and Methods A stratified random sample of women who underwent breast-conserving surgery for primary DCIS between 2008 and 2014 was retrospectively selected from 1330 facilities in the United States. Imaging examinations were recorded from date of diagnosis until first distant recurrence, death, loss to follow-up, or end of study (November 2018). Imaging after treatment was categorized into 10 12-month periods starting 6 months after diagnosis. Primary outcome was per-period receipt of asymptomatic surveillance imaging (mammography, MRI, or US). Secondary outcome was diagnosis of ipsilateral invasive breast cancer. Multivariable logistic regression with repeated measures and generalized estimating equations was used to model receipt of imaging. Rates of diagnosis with ipsilateral invasive breast cancer were compared between women who did and those who did not undergo imaging in the 6-18-month period after diagnosis using inverse probability-weighted Kaplan-Meier estimators. Results A total of 12 559 women (median age, 60 years; IQR, 52-69 years) were evaluated. Uptake of surveillance imaging was 75% in the first period and decreased over time (P < .001). Across the first 5 years after treatment, 52% of women participated in consistent annual surveillance. Surveillance was lower in Black (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.80; 95% CI: 0.74, 0.88; P < .001) and Hispanic (OR, 0.82; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.94; P = .004) women than in White women. Women who underwent surveillance in the first period had a higher 6-year rate of diagnosis of invasive cancer (1.6%; 95% CI: 1.3, 1.9) than those who did not (1.1%; 95% CI: 0.7, 1.4; difference: 0.5%; 95% CI: 0.1, 1.0; P = .03). Conclusion Half of women did not consistently adhere to imaging surveillance guidelines across the first 5 years after treatment, with racial disparities in adherence rates. © RSNA, 2023 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Rahbar and Dontchos in this issue.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Feminino , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Mamografia/métodos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia
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