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1.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(3): 433-445, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230945

RESUMO

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by attacks of moderate or severe headache and various neurological symptoms. Acupuncture, as a commonly used non-pharmacological therapy, has the advantage of obvious therapeutic effect and few side effects in the prevention and treatment of migraine. But the underlying mechanism of acupuncture on migraine remains unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have helped to objectively assess the effect of acupuncture on treating migraine and offered new opportunities to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture on treating migraine. In order to better understand the current status of neuroimaging studies on the therapeutic mechanism of acupuncture on migraine and shed light on future research, this review aims to overview the neuroimaging studies in recent 10 years from two aspects: (1) Central mechanism of acupuncture on treating acute migraine attack; (2) Central mechanism of acupuncture on preventing migraine attack.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Neuroimagem
2.
New Phytol ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260062

RESUMO

Vitellogenin (Vg) is a well-known nutritious protein involved in reproduction in nearly all oviparous animals, including insects. Recently, Vg has been detected in saliva proteomes of several piercing-sucking herbivorous arthropods, including the small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus, SBPH). Its function, however, remains unexplored. We investigated the molecular mechanism underlying SBPH orally secreted Vg-mediated manipulation of plant-insect interaction by RNA interference, phytohormone and H2 O2 profiling, protein-protein interaction studies and herbivore bioassays. A C-terminal polypeptide of Vg (VgC) in SBPH, when secreted into rice plants, acted as a novel effector to attenuate host rice defenses, which in turn improved insect feeding performance. Silencing Vg reduced insect feeding and survival on rice. Vg-silenced SBPH nymphs consistently elicited higher H2 O2 production, a well-established defense mechanism in rice, whereas expression of VgC in planta significantly hindered H2 O2 accumulation and promoted insect performance. VgC directly interacted with the rice transcription factor OsWRKY71, a protein which is involved in induction of H2 O2 accumulation and plant resistance to SBPH. These findings indicate a novel effector function of Vg: When secreted into host rice plant, this protein effectively weakened H2 O2 -mediated plant defense through its association with a plant immunity regulator.

3.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 203, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The origin of sex chromosomes requires the establishment of recombination suppression between the proto-sex chromosomes. In many fish species, the sex chromosome pair is homomorphic with a recent origin, providing species for studying how and why recombination suppression evolved in the initial stages of sex chromosome differentiation, but this requires accurate sequence assembly of the X and Y (or Z and W) chromosomes, which may be difficult if they are recently diverged. RESULTS: Here we produce a haplotype-resolved genome assembly of zig-zag eel (Mastacembelus armatus), an aquaculture fish, at the chromosomal scale. The diploid assembly is nearly gap-free, and in most chromosomes, we resolve the centromeric and subtelomeric heterochromatic sequences. In particular, the Y chromosome, including its highly repetitive short arm, has zero gaps. Using resequencing data, we identify a ~7 Mb fully sex-linked region (SLR), spanning the sex chromosome centromere and almost entirely embedded in the pericentromeric heterochromatin. The SLRs on the X and Y chromosomes are almost identical in sequence and gene content, but both are repetitive and heterochromatic, consistent with zero or low recombination. We further identify an HMG-domain containing gene HMGN6 in the SLR as a candidate sex-determining gene that is expressed at the onset of testis development. CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports the idea that preexisting regions of low recombination, such as pericentromeric regions, can give rise to SLR in the absence of structural variations between the proto-sex chromosomes.

4.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208577

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been rapidly developed for their broad applications in many different chemistry and materials fields. In this work, a multi-dentate building block 5-(4-(tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)-isophthalic acid (H3L) containing tetrazole and carbolxylate moieties was employed for the synthesis of a two-dimensional (2D) lanthanide MOF [La(HL)(DMF)2(NO3)] (DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide) (1) under solvothermal condition. The fluorescent sensing application of 1 was investigated. 1 exhibits high sensitivity recognition for antibiotic nitrofurantoin (Ksv: 3.0 × 103 M-1 and detection limit: 17.0 µM) and amino acid l-tyrosine (Ksv: 1.4 × 104 M-1 and detection limit: 3.6 µM). This work provides a feasible detection platform of 2D MOFs for highly sensitive discrimination of antibiotics and amino acids.


Assuntos
Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Nitrofurantoína/química , Tirosina/química , Antibacterianos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Nitrofurantoína/metabolismo , Tirosina/metabolismo
5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 98: 107906, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198238

RESUMO

The functional state of T cells is diverse and under dynamic control for adapting to the changes of microenvironment. Reversible protein phosphorylation represents an important post-translational modification that not only involves in the immediate early response of T cells, but also affects their functionality in the long run. Perturbation of global phosphorylation profile and/or phosphorylation of specific signaling nodes result in aberrant T cell activity. Dual specific phosphatases (DUSPs), which target MAPKs and beyond, have increasingly been emerged as a versatile regulator in T cell biology. Herein in this mini review, we sought to summarize and discuss the impact of DUSP proteins on the regulation of effector T cell activity, T cell polarization, regulatory T cell development and T cell senescence/exhaustion. Given the distinctive engagement of each DUSP member under various disease settings such as chronic infection, autoimmune disorders, cancer and age-related diseases, DUSP proteins likely hold the promise to become a druggable target other than the existing therapeutics that are predominantly by manipulating protein kinase activity.

6.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many molecular alterations are shared by embryonic liver development and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Identifying the common molecular events would provide a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC. METHODS: Expression levels and clinical relevancies of SLC38A4 and HMGCS2 were investigated by qRT-PCR, western blot, TCGA and GEO datasets. The biological roles of SLC38A4 were investigated by functional assays. The downstream signalling pathway of SLC38A4 was investigated by qRT-PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence, luciferase reporter assay, TCGA and GEO datasets. RESULTS: SLC38A4 silencing was identified as an oncofetal molecular event. DNA hypermethylation contributed to the downregulations of Slc38a4/SLC38A4 in the foetal liver and HCC. Low expression of SLC38A4 was associated with poor prognosis of HCC patients. Functional assays demonstrated that SLC38A4 depletion promoted HCC cellular proliferation, stemness and migration, and inhibited HCC cellular apoptosis in vitro, and further repressed HCC tumorigenesis in vivo. HMGCS2 was identified as a critical downstream target of SLC38A4. SLC38A4 increased HMGCS2 expression via upregulating AXIN1 and repressing Wnt/ß-catenin/MYC axis. Functional rescue assays showed that HMGCS2 overexpression reversed the oncogenic roles of SLC38A4 depletion in HCC. CONCLUSIONS: SLC38A4 downregulation was identified as a novel oncofetal event, and SLC38A4 was identified as a novel tumour suppressor in HCC.

8.
Cell Res ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267352

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as a new class of important regulators of signal transduction in tissue homeostasis and cancer development. Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) occurs in a wide range of biological processes, while its role in signal transduction remains largely undeciphered. In this study, we uncovered a lipid-associated lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) as a tumor-promoting lncRNA driving liquid droplet formation of Large Tumor Suppressor Kinase 1 (LATS1) and inhibiting the Hippo pathway. Mechanistically, SNHG9 and its associated phosphatidic acids (PA) interact with the C-terminal domain of LATS1, promoting LATS1 phase separation and inhibiting LATS1-mediated YAP phosphorylation. Loss of SNHG9 suppresses xenograft breast tumor growth. Clinically, expression of SNHG9 positively correlates with YAP activity and breast cancer progression. Taken together, our results uncover a novel regulatory role of a tumor-promoting lncRNA (i.e., SNHG9) in signal transduction and cancer development by facilitating the LLPS of a signaling kinase (i.e., LATS1).

9.
BMC Emerg Med ; 21(1): 81, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and immune cells can predict sepsis severity in adult patients. However, the specific values of these indicators are not consistent in predicting prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study analyzed the medical records of 194 patients based on the concept of sepsis in 2016 (Sepsis 3.0) from January 2017 to December 2019. A comparative analysis of inflammatory factors associated with patients in the sepsis survival and the non-survival group was performed. The concentrations of CRP and PCT, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were measured. ROC curve was used to assess the diagnosis and analysis of the selected indices of sepsis. According to each index's cut-off value of the ROC curve, the patients were divided into two groups, and the prognosis was calculated. RESULTS: Among the 194 patients, 32 died (16.49%), the median age of the patients was 79 (66.0, 83.3) years, and 118 were male (60.8%). Analysis of related inflammatory indicators showed that CRP, NLR, MLR, PLR, and CRP*PCT in the non-survival group were statistically higher than those in the survival group (all p values were < 0.05). Regression analysis showed that PCT, CRP, NLR, PLR, and CRP*PCT were all independent prognostic factors for patients. The ROC curve results showed that CRP*PCT had the best diagnostic value (AUC = 0.915). The cut-off values of PCT, CRP, NLR, PLR, MLR, and CRP*PCT were 0.25 ng/mL, 85.00 mg/L, 8.66, 275.51, 0.74%, and 5.85 (mg/L)2, respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival estimate showed that patient prognosis between the CRP, PCT, NLR, PLR, and CRP*PCT was statistically different (all values P < 0.05, respectively). However, there was no statistically significant difference in gender and MLR (all values P > 0.05, respectively), grouping based on diagnostic cut-off values. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, inflammation-related markers PCT, CRP, NLR, MLR, PLR, and CRP*PCT can be used as independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with sepsis. Furthermore, except for MRL, these indicators have cut-off values for predicting patient death.

10.
AMB Express ; 11(1): 106, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264407

RESUMO

The association between intestinal flora and ulcerative colitis (UC) was studied in order to provide a basis and method for clinical treatment. Fresh fecal samples were collected from 30 active UC patients and 10 healthy controls. The intestinal flora DNA from each sample was extracted and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was carried out using HiSeq platform to identify the intestinal flora in fecal samples. The richness and diversity of intestinal flora in UC patients were significantly lower than those in healthy control group (P < 0.05). Significant differences were observed between the intestinal flora-species of UC patients and healthy controls. Synergistetes (P < 0.01) and Firmicutes (P < 0.05), along with probiotics Veillonella (P < 0.01), Ruminococcus and Coprococcus (P < 0.05) in the UC patients were lower than that in the healthy controls significantly. Furthermore, compared with the control group, Tenericutes (P < 0.01) and intestinal pathogenic bacteria, including Bacteroides (P < 0.01), Escherichia and Sutterella (P < 0.05) were significantly increased. The incidence of UC is significantly associated with the changes in intestinal flora. Changes in intestinal flora may lead to a decrease in the diversity of intestinal flora or to the enrichment of a particular intestinal flora.

11.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205205

RESUMO

Total body irradiation is a standard procedure of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) which causes a rapid increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the bone marrow microenvironment during BMT. The increase in ROS reduces the engraftment ability of donor cells, thereby affecting the bone marrow recovery of recipients after BMT. In the early weeks following transplantation, recipients are at high risk of severe infection due to weakened hematopoiesis. Thus, it is imperative to improve engraftment capacity and accelerate bone marrow recovery in BMT recipients. In this study, we constructed recombinant copper/zinc superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) fused with the cell-penetrating peptide (CPP), the trans-activator of transcription (Tat), and showed that this fusion protein has penetrating ability and antioxidant activity in both RAW264.7 cells and bone marrow cells in vitro. Furthermore, irradiated mice transplanted with SOD1-Tat-treated total bone marrow donor cells showed an increase in total bone marrow engraftment capacity two weeks after transplantation. This study explored an innovative method for enhancing engraftment efficiency and highlights the potential of CPP-SOD1 in ROS manipulation during BMT.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/genética , Produtos do Gene tat/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Produtos do Gene tat/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Irradiação Corporal Total
12.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244712

RESUMO

Seed aging is the gradual decline in seed vigor, during which programmed cell death (PCD) occurs. The functions of nitric oxide (NO) are exerted through protein S-nitrosylation, a reversible post-translational modification. During seed aging, more than 80 proteins are S-nitrosylated, but the particular role of individual proteins is unknown. Here, we showed that the S-nitrosylation level of elm GAPDH (UpGAPDH) increased after controlled deterioration treatment (CDT). UpGAPDH was S-nitrosylated at Cys154 during the GSNO treatment, and its oligomerization was triggered both in vitro and in elm seeds. Interestingly, UpGAPDH interacted with the mitochondrial protein UpVDAC in an S-nitrosylation-dependent way. Some UpGAPDH-GFP proteins in Arabidopsis protoplasts co-localized with mitochondria during the GSNO treatment, while the S-nitrosylation-defected UpGAPDH C154S-GFP proteins did not. Seeds of the oxUpGAPDH lines showed cell death and lost seed vigor rapidly during CDT-triggered seed aging, while overexpression of S-nitrosylation-defected UpGAPDH-Cys154 did not. Our results suggest that S-nitrosylation of UpGAPDH may accelerate cell death and seed deterioration during CDT. These results provide insight into the effects of UpGAPDH S-nitrosylation on protein interactions and seed aging.

13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(12): 6101-6110, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229810

RESUMO

Innovative nitrogen and boron co-doped carbon dots are hydrothermally produced using fructose, urea, and boric acid as precursors. The synthesized carbon dots possess a uniform morphology, and exhibit excellent fluorescence stability, tunable luminescence property, strong resistance to photobleaching, low-toxicity, and excellent biocompatibility. It is also found more dopant urea is conducive to the formation of the carbon dots with more B-N bonds, and shorter wavelength of fluorescence emission. Meanwhile, the synthesized carbon dots are well utilized as a photoluminescent probe for facile Hg2+ determination and fluorescent imaging reagent in cells.

14.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264296

RESUMO

Importance: Patching is often less effective for severe amblyopia because of poor adherence. For the treatment of severe amblyopia, although combined atropine and patching therapy (CAPT) has been found to be efficacious, it is currently unknown whether CAPT is more efficacious than patching alone. Objective: To compare the efficacy of CAPT vs patching alone in children aged 3 to 12 years with severe amblyopia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center randomized clinical trial was conducted from November 2018 to May 2020. The visual acuity (VA) examiner was masked to the treatment groups. The follow-up visits were at 3 months and 6 months. Participants aged 3 to 12 years with severe amblyopia (20/100 to 20/500) resulting from strabismus, anisometropia, or both were randomly assigned to CAPT or patching therapy. Interventions: CAPT or patching alone for 6 months. Main Outcomes and Measures: Change of the amblyopic eye VA from baseline to 6 months. Results: Among 108 participants, the mean (SD) age was 5.2 (1.8) years, and 54 (50%) were female. Overall, 53 participants (49%) were randomized to CAPT and 55 (51%) were randomized to patching therapy. At baseline, the mean (SD) amblyopic eye VA was 0.95 (0.22) logMAR (approximately 20/200 [2.2 lines]). At 6 months, the CAPT group's mean improvement in amblyopic eye VA was 0.72 logMAR (7.2 lines) compared with 0.58 logMAR (5.8 lines) in the patching alone group (difference, 0.14 logMAR [1.4 lines] greater in the CAPT group; 95% CI, 0.05-0.22 logMAR [0.5-2.2 lines]; P = .002). The amblyopic eye VA improvement in the CAPT group also was greater than that in the patching alone group at 3 months (difference in the means, 0.13 logMAR [1.3 lines]; 95% CI, 0.04-0.22 logMAR [0.4-2.2 lines]; P = .004). No participants were withdrawn because of adverse effects. Conclusions and Relevance: CAPT resulted in more mean improvement of amblyopic eye VA than patching alone among participants enrolled in this trial, although the clinical relevance of this relatively small VA difference cannot be determined from this trial. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR1800018663.

15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 713-717, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the value of airway pH monitoring in determining the association between chronic cough and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in children. METHODS: A total of 274 children with chronic cough who were treated from January 2016 to December 2019 were enrolled. The DX-pH detection system was used to conduct 24-hour airway pH monitoring. The association between chronic cough and LPR was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 274 children, there were 168 boys and 106 girls, with a median age of 62.8 months and a median airway pH value of 7.3. Of all the 274 children, 99 (36.1%) had LPR, and the incidence rate of LPR was 36.9% (62/168) in boys and 34.9% (37/106) in girls (P=0.737). The comparison of the incidence rate of LPR among children aged < 1 year, 1-6 years, and > 6 years showed that the younger children had a significantly higher incidence rate of LPR than the older ones (P=0.003). There was no significant difference in the incidence of LPR between the two groups with chronic cough of unknown etiology and definite etiology. The incidence of chronic cough was positively correlated with that of LPR (rs=0.861, P < 0.01). Among the 99 children with positive RYAN index, 65 (66%) suffered from simple LPR. CONCLUSIONS: LPR is highly associated with the development of chronic cough, and airway pH monitoring may be a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of LPR.


Assuntos
Refluxo Laringofaríngeo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Tosse/epidemiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino
16.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 908: 174307, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245748

RESUMO

Pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) is the pathological basis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Incomplete understanding of PVR etiology has hindered drug development for this devastating disease, which exhibits poor prognosis despite the currently available therapies. Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), a process of cell transdifferentiation, has been recently implicated in cardiovascular diseases, including PH. But the questions of how EndMT occurs and how to pharmacologically target EndMT in vivo have yet to be further answered. Herein, by performing hematoxylin-eosin and immunofluorescence staining, transmission electron microscopy and Western blotting, we found that EndMT plays a key role in the pathogenesis of PH, and importantly that aspirin, a FDA-approved widely used drug, was capable of ameliorating PVR in a preclinical rat model of hypoxia-induced PH. Moreover, aspirin exerted its inhibitory effects on EndMT in vitro and in vivo by suppressing HIF-1α/TGF-ß1/Smads/Snail signaling pathway. Our data suggest that EndMT represents an intriguing drug target for the prevention and treatment of hypoxic PH and that aspirin may be repurposed to meet the urgent therapeutic needs of hypoxic PH patients.

17.
Dig Endosc ; 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with advanced ampullary carcinoma (AC) who are unsuitable for surgery are most likely to have poor outcomes. The role of endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in this population has not been fully defined. We aimed to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of RFA in a large cohort of AC patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data of consecutive patients with pathologically proved AC who underwent successful endobiliary RFA and/or stent placement were collected. All patients did not undergo surgical resection. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). The secondary outcomes included clinical success and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients, 50 in the RFA plus stenting group and 35 in the stenting alone group, were identified. The median OS was significantly longer in the RFA group than in the stenting alone group (16.9 versus 9.8 months, P < 0.001). In multivariable Cox analysis, RFA (HR: 0.408, 95%CI: 0.235-0.706, P = 0.001) was the only independent OS predictor. Eight patients with stage II tumors, exclusively from the RFA group, survived for more than 3 years. Clinical success was comparable between the two groups (96% vs. 100%, P = 0.231). Early adverse events between the two groups were similar (10% vs. 2.9%, P = 0.206); however, late biliary/pancreatic stenoses occurred in three RFA patients who were successfully managed with endoscopic interventions. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic RFA appears to prolong patients' survival with acceptable safety; it may therefore be a feasible treatment option for patients with inoperable ampullary cancers.

18.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(3): 405-419, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218354

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare hematological malignancy characterized by recurrent skin nodules, an aggressive clinical course with rapid involvement of hematological organs, and a poor prognosis with poor overall survival. BPDCN is derived from plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and its pathogenesis is unclear. The tumor cells show aberrant expression of CD4, CD56, interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain (CD123), blood dendritic cell antigen 2 (BDCA 2/CD303), blood dendritic cell antigen 4 (BDCA4) and transcription factor (E protein) E2-2 (TCF4). The best treatment drugs are based on experience by adopting those used for either leukemia or lymphoma. Relapse with drug resistance generally occurs quickly. Stem cell transplantation after the first complete remission is recommended and tagraxofusp is the first targeted therapy. In this review, we summarize the differentiation of BPDCN from its cell origin, its connection with normal pDCs, clinical characteristics, genetic mutations and advances in treatment of BPDCN. This review provides insights into the mechanisms of and new therapeutic approaches for BPDCN.

19.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; : e2100009, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219360

RESUMO

SCOPE: A growing number of studies have reported the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and terrestrial phospholipids, such as soybean lecithin, on ameliorating mood disorders. Marine-derived EPA-enriched phospholipids (EPA-PL) exhibit the structural characteristics of EPA and phospholipids. However, the effect of dietary EPA-PL on mood disorders has not been studied; moreover the differences between amphiphilic EPA-PL and lyophobic EPA on alleviating mood disorder are not clear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We have performed a comparative investigation to determine the effects of dietary EPA-enriched ethyl ester (EPA-EE) and EPA-PL on improving depression- and anxiety-like behaviour in a mouse model, induced by four-week chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) coupled with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. We found that administration of 0.6% (w/w) EPA-PL for four weeks rescued CUMS- and LPS-induced depression- and anxiety-like behaviour to a greater extent than did EPA-EE. Moreover, dietary EPA-PL significantly reduced the immobility time by 56.6%, close to the normal level, in forced swimming test, which revealed a reversal of depression-like behaviour. Further studies revealed that dietary EPA-PL regulated immunity, monoamine systems, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis by multi-target interactions, including inhibition of neuroinflammation and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: EPA-PL exerted superior effects to EPA-EE in alleviating depression- and anxiety-like behaviour. Our data suggest potential novel candidate or targeted dietary patterns to prevent and treat mood disorder. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2021: 6692811, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194957

RESUMO

Actin-binding proteins (ABPs), by interacting with actin, regulate the polymerization, depolymerization, bundling, and cross-linking of actin filaments, directly or indirectly, thereby mediating the maintenance of cell morphology, cell movement, and many other biological functions. Consequently, these functions of ABPs help regulate cancer cell invasion and metastasis when cancer occurs. In recent years, a variety of ABPs have been found to be abnormally expressed in various cancers, indicating that the detection and interventions of unusual ABP expression to alter this are available for the treatment of cancer. The early stages of most cancer development involve long-term chronic inflammation or repeated stimulation. This is the case for breast cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, melanoma, and colorectal cancer. This article discusses the relationship between chronic inflammation and the above-mentioned cancers, emphatically introduces relevant research on the abnormal expression of ABPs in chronic inflammatory diseases, and reviews research on the expression of different ABPs in the above-mentioned cancers. Furthermore, there is a close relationship between ABP-induced inflammation and cancer. In simple terms, abnormal expression of ABPs contributes to the chronic inflammation developing into cancer. Finally, we provide our viewpoint regarding these unusual ABPs serving as potential biomarkers for chronic inflammation-induced cancer diagnosis and therapy, and interventions to reverse the abnormal expression of ABPs represent a potential approach to preventing or treating the corresponding cancers.

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