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1.
Policy Polit Nurs Pract ; 22(3): 212-220, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990171

RESUMO

The demand for primary care services may surpass the supply of primary care providers, exacerbating challenges with access, quality, and cost in the U.S. health care system. Expanding the supply of, and access to, nurse practitioner (NP) care has been proposed as one method to alleviate these challenges. New York State (NYS) changed its regulatory environment for NPs in 2015. We estimate the impact of expanded NP scope of practice (SOP) regulations in NYS on total care days received by Medicaid beneficiaries from 2015 to 2018 using a model derived from national historical data from 1999 to 2011. We used a longitudinal data policy analysis framework and a generalized difference-in-differences model to identify the effect of changes in NP SOP regulations on total care days. The model included controls for state income and unemployment rates. Our results suggest that the policy change increased total care days provided to patients, but that this difference was not statistically significant and became negligible after computing the number of days per beneficiary. In addition, our results suggest that had NYS moved to a full practice environment, more care days could have been provided to Medicaid patients, and this difference was found to be statistically significant. Our results suggest that states should adopt full NP SOP practice environments to realize measurable benefits of expanded NP SOP.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , New York , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estados Unidos
2.
Health Policy ; 121(2): 189-196, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28041774

RESUMO

The provision of health care to low-income Americans remains an ongoing policy challenge. In this paper, I examine how important changes to occupational licensing laws for nurse practitioners and physician assistants have affected cost and intensity of health care for Medicaid patients. The results suggest that allowing physician assistants to prescribe controlled substances is associated with a substantial (more than 11%) reduction in the dollar amount of outpatient claims per Medicaid recipient. I find little evidence that expanded scope of practice has affected proxies for care intensity such as total claims and total care days. Relaxing occupational licensing requirements by broadening the scope of practice for healthcare providers may represent a low-cost alternative to providing quality care to America's poor.


Assuntos
Medicaid/economia , Profissionais de Enfermagem/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistentes Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Papel Profissional , Prescrições de Medicamentos/enfermagem , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente/economia , Pobreza , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Estados Unidos
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