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1.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 20: 100410, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572083

RESUMO

Energy recovery from low-strength wastewater through anaerobic methanogenesis is constrained by limited substrate availability. The development of efficient methanogenic communities is critical but challenging. Here we develop a strategy to acclimate methanogenic communities using conductive carrier (CC), electrical stress (ES), and Acid Orange 7 (AO7) in a modified biofilter. The synergistic integration of CC, ES, and AO7 precipitated a remarkable 72-fold surge in methane production rate compared to the baseline. This increase was attributed to an altered methanogenic community function, independent of the continuous presence of AO7 and ES. AO7 acted as an external electron acceptor, accelerating acetogenesis from fermentation intermediates, restructuring the bacterial community, and enriching electroactive bacteria (EAB). Meanwhile, CC and ES orchestrated the assembly of the archaeal community and promoted electrotrophic methanogens, enhancing acetotrophic methanogenesis electron flow via a mechanism distinct from direct electrochemical interactions. The collective application of CC, ES, and AO7 effectively mitigated electron flow impediments in low-strength wastewater methanogenesis, achieving an additional 34% electron recovery from the substrate. This study proposes a new method of amending anaerobic digestion systems with conductive materials to advance wastewater treatment, sustainability, and energy self-sufficiency.

2.
Insect Sci ; 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454304

RESUMO

Until the advent of phylogenomics, the atypical morphology of extant representatives of the insect orders Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) and Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) had confounding effects on efforts to resolve their placement within Polyneoptera. This recent research has unequivocally shown that these species-poor groups are closely related and form the clade Xenonomia. Nonetheless, divergence dates of these groups remain poorly constrained, and their evolutionary history debated, as the few well-identified fossils, characterized by a suite of morphological features similar to that of extant forms, are comparatively young. Notably, the extant forms of both groups are wingless, whereas most of the pre-Cretaceous insect fossil record is composed of winged insects, which represents a major shortcoming of the taxonomy. Here, we present new specimens embedded in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar and belonging to the recently described species Aristovia daniili. The abundant material and pristine preservation allowed a detailed documentation of the morphology of the species, including critical head features. Combined with a morphological data set encompassing all Polyneoptera, these new data unequivocally demonstrate that A. daniili is a winged stem Grylloblattodea. This discovery demonstrates that winglessness was acquired independently in Grylloblattodea and Mantophasmatodea. Concurrently, wing apomorphic traits shared by the new fossil and earlier fossils demonstrate that a large subset of the former "Protorthoptera" assemblage, representing a third of all known insect species in some Permian localities, are genuine representatives of Xenonomia. Data from the fossil record depict a distinctive evolutionary trajectory, with the group being both highly diverse and abundant during the Permian but experiencing a severe decline from the Triassic onwards.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(2): 854-861, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471924

RESUMO

The aggregation and sedimentation of micro/nano-plastics significantly affect their migration and distribution in the environment. This study investigated the effects of Na+ and natural organic matter (NOM) on the aggregation and sedimentation of polystyrene nano-plastics (PS-NPs) in the aqueous phase. Six types of water, such as seawater, lake water, and domestic sewage, were used to evaluate the above effects and other potential influencing factors. The results indicated that Na+ could facilitate the sedimentation of PS-NPs when it was less than 80 mmol·L-1, whereas it could promote the aggregation and suspension of PS-NPs when the concentration was greater than 80 mmol·L-1. NOM molecules affected the aggregation and sedimentation of PS-NPs by changing the ζ potential and relative density of particles via forming a multilayer adsorption structure with Na+ on the particle surface. It was observed that NOM greater than 10 mg·L-1 enhanced the dispersion and suspension of PS-NPs, which might have been attributed to the decrease in relative density of the particles as a large amount of NOM was absorbed onto the surface. Compared with synthetic waters, environmental waters enhanced the aggregation of PS-NPs, which may have been related to the amino acid, protein, and other organic macro-molecules in the water.

4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1148705, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327578

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study analyzed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the prevalence and incidence of new leprosy cases, as well as the diversity, distribution, and temporal transmission of Mycobacterium leprae strains at the county level in leprae-endemic provinces in Southwest China. Methods: A total of 219 new leprosy cases during two periods, 2018-2019 and 2020-2021, were compared. We genetically characterized 83 clinical isolates of M. leprae in Guizhou using variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The obtained genetic profiles and cluster consequences of M. leprae were compared between the two periods. Results: There was an 18.97% decrease in the number of counties and districts reporting cases. Considering the initial months (January-March) of virus emergence, the number of new cases in 2021 increased by 167% compared to 2020. The number of patients with a delay of >12 months before COVID-19 (63.56%) was significantly higher than that during COVID-19 (48.51%). Eighty-one clinical isolates (97.60%) were positive for all 17 VNTR types, whereas two (2.40%) clinical isolates were positive for 16 VNTR types. The (GTA)9, (TA)18, (TTC)21 and (TA)10 loci showed higher polymorphism than the other loci. The VNTR profile of these clinical isolates generated five clusters, among which the counties where the patients were located were adjacent or relatively close to each other. SNP typing revealed that all clinical isolates possessed the single SNP3K. Conclusion: COVID-19 may have a negative/imbalanced impact on the prevention and control measures of leprosy, which could be a considerable fact for official health departments. Isolates formed clusters among counties in Guizhou, indicating that the transmission chain remained during the epidemic and was less influenced by COVID-19 preventative policies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hanseníase , Humanos , Mycobacterium leprae/genética , Pandemias , DNA Bacteriano/genética , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/microbiologia , China/epidemiologia
5.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24330, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288011

RESUMO

In the past few decades, organic solvent nanofiltration (OSN) has attracted numerous researchers and broadly applied in various fields. Unlike conventional nanofiltration, OSN always faced a broad spectrum of solvents including polar solvents and non-polar solvents. Among those recently developed OSN membranes in lab-scale or widely used commercial membranes, researchers preferred to explore intrinsic materials or introduce nanomaterials into membranes to fabricate OSN membranes. However, the hydrophilicity of the membrane surface towards filtration performance was often ignored, which was the key factor in conventional aqueous nanofiltration. The influence of surface hydrophilicity on OSN performance was not studied systematically and thoroughly. Generally speaking, the hydrophilic OSN membranes performed well in the polar solvents while the hydrophobic OSN membranes work well in the non-polar solvent. Many review papers reviewed the basics, problems of the membranes, up-to-date studies, and applications at various levels. In this review, we have focused on the relationship between the surface hydrophilicity of OSN membranes and OSN performances. The history, theory, and mechanism of the OSN process were first recapped, followed by summarizing representative OSN research classified by surface hydrophilicity and types of membrane, which recent OSN research with its contact angles and filtration performance were listed. Finally, from the industrialization perspective, the application progress of hydrophilic and hydrophobic OSN membranes was introduced. We started with history and theory, presented many research and application cases of hydrophilic and hydrophobic OSN membranes, and discussed anticipated progress in the OSN field. Also, we pointed out some future research directions on the hydrophilicity of OSN membranes to deeply develop the effect made by membrane hydrophilicity on OSN performance for future considerations and stepping forward of the OSN industry.

6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(7): 10689-10701, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38206462

RESUMO

The frozen period interaction of groundwater and lakes is crucial for hydrological properties and aquatic ecology in cold and arid regions. In this study, we investigate the spatial hydrochemical characteristics, influencing factors in the Hulun Lake basin. The hydrochemical type of lake water exhibits Na-HCO3-SO4-Cl, while river shows a primary classification of Na-Ca-HCO3. Groundwater in the eastern and western regions is characterized by Na-SO4-Cl and Na-HCO3, respectively. Silicic acid and ion exchange predominantly influence groundwater chemistry in the western region, whereas evaporation and concentration play a major role in the eastern region. Total dissolved solids, Cl-, and F- emerge as the primary influencing factors of hydrochemical components in the Hulun Lake basin. Ion content decreased from the southern to the northern region, with the lowest value occurring near the Urson River. The high-temperature water body is primarily distributed in the central and southern regions of the lake. Based on characteristic ions and partial characteristics of ice surface temperature, the potential groundwater discharge areas near the inlet of the Xinkai River, the central and southern region are determined. This study reveals the hydrochemical characteristics, vertical ice distribution, and provides a scientific foundation for water resource management in cold and arid regions.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gelo , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água Subterrânea/química , Qualidade da Água , China
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(5): 3405-3415, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38282378

RESUMO

Metal-hydride-catalyzed alkene hydroalkylation has been developed as an efficient method for C(sp3)-C(sp3) coupling with broad substrate availability and high functional group compatibility. However, auxiliary groups, a conjugated group or a chelation-directing group, are commonly required to attain high regio- and enantioselectivities. Herein, we reported a ligand-controlled cobalt-hydride-catalyzed regio-, enantio-, and diastereoselective oxyheterocyclic alkene hydroalkylation without chelation-directing groups. This reaction enables the hydroalkylation of conjugated and unconjugated oxyheterocyclic alkenes to deliver C2- or C3-alkylated tetrahydrofuran or tetrahydropyran in uniformly good yields and with high regio- and enantioselectivities. In addition, hydroalkylation of C2-substituted 2,5-dihydrofuran resulted in the simultaneous construction of 1,3-distereocenters, providing convenient access to polysubstituted tetrahydrofuran with multiple enantioenriched C(sp3) centers.

8.
Theriogenology ; 217: 51-63, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245973

RESUMO

The epigenetic modification levels of donor cells directly affect the developmental potential of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. BRG1, as an epigenetic modifying enzyme, has not yet been studied in donor cells and SCNT embryos. In this study, BRG1 was overexpressed in porcine fetal fibroblasts (PFFs), its effect on chromatin openness and gene transcription was examined, subsequently, the development potential of porcine SCNT embryos was investigated. The results showed that compared with the control group, the percentage of G1 phase cells was significantly increased (32.3 % ± 0.87 vs 25.7 % ± 0.81, P < 0.05) in the experimental group. The qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of H3K9me3-related genes was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), HAT1 was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Assay of Transposase Accessible Chromatin sequencing (ATAC-seq) results revealed that SMARCA4、NANOG、SOX2、MAP2K6 and HIF1A loci had more open chromatin peaks in the experimental group. The RNA-seq results showed that the upregulated genes were mainly enriched in PI3K/AKT and WNT signaling pathways, and the downregulated genes were largely focused on disease development. Interestingly, the developmental rate of porcine SCNT embryos was improved (27.33 % ± 1.40 vs 17.83 % ± 2.02, P < 0.05), the expression of zygotic gene activation-related genes in 4-cell embryos, and embryonic development-related genes in blastocysts was significantly upregulated in the experimental group (P < 0.05). These results suggest that overexpression of BRG1 in donor cells is benefit for the developmental potential of porcine SCNT embryos.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Suínos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear/veterinária , Blastocisto/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Cromatina/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Clonagem de Organismos/veterinária
9.
Theriogenology ; 215: 10-23, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38000125

RESUMO

Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1) enhances the pluripotency of embryonic and adult stem cells, however, its effect on induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) pluripotency has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BRG1 on porcine iPSC pluripotency and its mechanisms. The effect of BRG1 on porcine iPSC pluripotency was explored by positive and negative control it. The mechanism was investigated by regulating the WNT/ß-catenin signaling pathway and autophagy flux. The results showed that inhibition of BRG1 decreased pluripotency-related gene expression in porcine iPSCs; while its overexpression had the opposite effect, the expression of WNT/ß-catenin signaling pathway- and autophagy-related genes was significantly up-regulated (P < 0.05) in the BRG1 overexpressed group when compared to the control group. Inhibited pluripotency-related gene or protein expression, decreased autophagy flux, and increased mitochondrial length and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were observed when porcine iPSCs were treated with the WNT/ß-catenin signaling pathway inhibitor IWR-1. Forced BRG1 expression restored porcine iPSC pluripotency, increased autophagy flux, shortened mitochondria, and reduced MMP. Lastly, Compound C was used to activate porcine iPSC autophagy, and it was found that the expression of BRG1 and ß-catenin increased, and pluripotency-related gene and protein expression was up-regulated; these effects were reversed when the BRG1 inhibitor PFI-3 and IWR-1 were added. These results suggested that BRG1 enhanced the pluripotency of porcine iPSCs through WNT/ß-catenin and autophagy pathways.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , beta Catenina , Animais , Suínos , beta Catenina/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Autofagia
10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(7): e2306143, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38083984

RESUMO

Macrophages are heterogenic phagocytic cells that play distinct roles in physiological and pathological processes. Targeting different types of macrophages has shown potent therapeutic effects in many diseases. Although many approaches are developed to target anti-inflammatory macrophages, there are few researches on targeting pro-inflammatory macrophages, which is partially attributed to their non-s pecificity phagocytosis of extracellular substances. In this study, a novel recombinant protein is constructed that can be anchored on an exosome membrane with the purpose of targeting pro-inflammatory macrophages via antigen recognition, which is named AnCar-ExoLaIMTS . The data indicate that the phagocytosis efficiencies of pro-inflammatory macrophages for different AnCar-ExoLaIMTS show obvious differences. The AnCar-ExoLaIMTS3 has the best targeting ability for pro-inflammatory macrophages in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, AnCar-ExoLaIMTS3 can specifically recognize the leucine-rich repeat domain of the TLR4 receptor, and then enter into pro-inflammatory macrophages via the TLR4-mediated receptor endocytosis pathway. Moreover, AnCar-ExoLaIMTS3 can efficiently deliver therapeutic cargo to pro-inflammatory macrophages and inhibit the synovial inflammatory response via downregulation of HIF-1α level, thus ameliorating the severity of arthritis in vivo. Collectively, the work established a novel gene/drug delivery system that can specifically target pro-inflammatory macrophages, which may be beneficial for the treatments of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite , Macrófagos , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Fagocitose , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Comunicação Celular
11.
Curr Probl Diagn Radiol ; 53(1): 81-91, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37741699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The reporting of research participant demographics provides insights into study generalizability. Our study aimed to determine the frequency at which participant age, sex/gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES) are reported and used for subgroup analyses in radiology randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and their secondary analyses; as well as the study characteristics associated with, and the classification systems used for demographics reporting. METHODS: RCTs and their secondary analyses published in 8 leading radiology journals between 2013 and 2021 were included. Associations between study characteristics and demographic reporting were tested with the chi-square goodness of fit test for categorical variables, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test for impact factor, and logistic regression for publication year. RESULTS: Among 432 included articles, 89.4% (386) reported age, 90.3% (390) sex/gender, 5.6% (24) race/ethnicity, and 3.0% (13) SES. Among articles that reported these demographics and were not specific to a subgroup, results were analyzed by age in 14.2% (55/386), sex/gender in 19.4% (66/340), race/ethnicity in 13.6% (3/22), and SES in 46.2% (6/13). Journal, impact factor, and last author continent were predictors of race/ethnicity and SES reporting. Funding was associated with race/ethnicity reporting. No study reported sex and gender separately, or documented transgender, nonbinary gender spectrum or intersex participants. A single category for race/ethnicity was used in 37.5% (9/24) of studies, consisting of either "White" or "Caucasian." CONCLUSION: The reporting of participant demographics in radiology trials is variable and not always representative of the population diversity. Editorial guidelines on the reporting and analysis of participant demographics could help standardize practices.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Radiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Etnicidade , Publicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1296778, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38155947

RESUMO

This review provides an overview of the key role played by perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) in the protection of cardiovascular health. PVAT is a specific type of adipose tissue that wraps around blood vessels and has recently emerged as a critical factor for maintenance of vascular health. Through a profound exploration of existing research, this review sheds light on the intricate structural composition and cellular origins of PVAT, with a particular emphasis on combining its regulatory functions for vascular tone, inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial function. The review then delves into the intricate mechanisms by which PVAT exerts its protective effects, including the secretion of diverse adipokines and manipulation of the renin-angiotensin complex. The review further examines the alterations in PVAT function and phenotype observed in several cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, and heart failure. Recognizing the complex interactions of PVAT with the cardiovascular system is critical for pursuing breakthrough therapeutic strategies that can target cardiovascular disease. Therefore, this review aims to augment present understanding of the protective role of PVAT in cardiovascular health, with a special emphasis on elucidating potential mechanisms and paving the way for future research directions in this evolving field.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Hipertensão , Humanos , Tecido Adiposo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inflamação
13.
PhytoKeys ; 236: 113-119, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38106513

RESUMO

Vacciniumchaozhouense (Ericaceae), a new species from East Guangdong Province, China is described and illustrated. This new species is morphologically similar to V.wrightii by having flowers with persistent and leaf-like bracts, long pedicels, and white spherical-urceolate corollas, but is distinguished by having glandular trichomes on the abaxial surface of the leaf blade, shorter pedicels, sparsely pilose corolla ridges, and anther thecae longer than the tubules. A key to the new species and morphologically similar species is also provided.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1274337, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38111884

RESUMO

Neomicrocalamus and Temochloa are closely related to bamboo genera. However, when considered with newly discovered and morphologically similar material from China and Vietnam, the phylogenetic relationship among these three groups was ambiguous in the analyses based on DNA regions. Here, as a means of investigating the relationships among the three bamboo groups and exploring potential sources of genomic conflicts, we present a phylogenomic examination based on the whole plastome, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), and single-copy nuclear (SCN) gene datasets. Three different phylogenetic hypotheses were found. The inconsistency is attributed to the combination of incomplete lineage sorting and introgression. The origin of newly discovered bamboos is from introgressive hybridization between Temochloa liliana (which contributed 80.7% of the genome) and Neomicrocalamus prainii (19.3%), indicating that the newly discovered bamboos are closer to T. liliana in genetics. The more similar morphology and closer distribution elevation also imply a closer relationship between Temochloa and newly discovered bamboos.

15.
BMC Plant Biol ; 23(1): 564, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37964203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Justicia L. is the largest genus in Acanthaceae Juss. and widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Previous phylogenetic studies have proposed a general phylogenetic framework for Justicia based on several molecular markers. However, their studies were mainly focused on resolution of phylogenetic issues of Justicia in Africa, Australia and South America due to limited sampling from Asia. Additionally, although Justicia plants are of high medical and ornamental values, little research on its genetics was reported. Therefore, to improve the understanding of its genomic structure and relationships among Asian Justicia plants, we sequenced complete chloroplast (cp.) genomes of 12 Asian plants and combined with the previously published cp. genome of Justicia leptostachya Hemsl. for further comparative genomics and phylogenetic analyses. RESULTS: All the cp. genomes exhibit a typical quadripartite structure without genomic rearrangement and gene loss. Their sizes range from 148,374 to 151,739 bp, including a large single copy (LSC, 81,434-83,676 bp), a small single copy (SSC, 16,833-17,507 bp) and two inverted repeats (IR, 24,947-25,549 bp). GC contents range from 38.1 to 38.4%. All the plastomes contain 114 genes, including 80 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNAs and 4 rRNAs. IR variation and repetitive sequences analyses both indicated that Justicia grossa C. B. Clarke is different from other Justicia species because its lengths of ndhF and ycf1 in IRs are shorter than others and it is richest in SSRs and dispersed repeats. The ycf1 gene was identified as the candidate DNA barcode for the genus Justicia. Our phylogenetic results showed that Justicia is a polyphyletic group, which is consistent with previous studies. Among them, J. grossa belongs to subtribe Tetramerinae of tribe Justicieae while the other Justicia members belong to subtribe Justiciinae. Therefore, based on morphological and molecular evidence, J. grossa should be undoubtedly recognized as a new genus. Interestingly, the evolutionary history of Justicia was discovered to be congruent with the morphology evolution. CONCLUSION: Our study not only elucidates basic features of Justicia whole plastomes, but also sheds light on interspecific relationships of Asian Justicia plants for the first time.


Assuntos
Acanthaceae , Genoma de Cloroplastos , Genomas de Plastídeos , Justicia , Justicia/genética , Acanthaceae/genética , Filogenia , Genoma de Cloroplastos/genética , Genômica
16.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 10(34): e2305075, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870184

RESUMO

High-performance artificial synapse with nonvolatile memory and low power consumption is a perfect candidate for brainoid intelligence. Unfortunately, due to the energy barrier paradox between ultra-low power and nonvolatile modulation of device conductances, it is still a challenge at the moment to construct such ideal synapses. Herein, a proton-reservoir type 4,4',4″,4'''-(Porphine-5,10,15,20-tetrayl) tetrakis (benzenesulfonic acid) (TPPS) molecule and fabricated organic protonic memristors with device width of 10 µm to 100 nm is synthesized. The occurrence of sequential proton migration and interfacial self-coordinated doping will introduce new energy levels into the molecular bandgap, resulting in effective and nonvolatile modulation of device conductance over 64 continuous states with retention exceeding 30 min. The power consumptions of modulating and reading the device conductance approach the zero-power operating limits, which range from 16.25 pW to 2.06 nW and 6.5 fW to 0.83 pW, respectively. Finally, a robust artificial synapse is successfully demonstrated, showing spiking-rate-dependent plasticity (SRDP) and spiking-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) characteristics with ultra-low power of 0.66 to 0.82 pW, as well as 100 long-term depression (LTD)/potentiation (LTP) cycles with 0.14%/0.30% weight variations.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 33(12): 2406-2412, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37788949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Observational studies have demonstrated that serum branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with the risk of various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and their risk factors. However, the causal effect is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of genetically determined BCAA levels on CVDs and their risk factors using Mendelian randomization (MR). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed univariable and multivariable MR analyses using summary-level data from multiple GWASs and the FinnGen consortium to investigate the association between BCAA levels and the risk of CVDs (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and intracerebral hemorrhage) and their risk factors (atrial fibrillation, hypertension, heart failure, and valvular heart disease). We used the random-effects IVW approach as the primary statistical method and incorporated MR estimates from different data sources using the fixed-effects model. We found genetically determined total and individual BCAA levels and a high risk of hypertension. However, there is no evidence of a causal relationship between BCAA levels and 3 cardiovascular diseases and other their risk factors. The odds of hypertension increased per 1-SD increase in BCAA levels (OR = 1.02 95% CI: 1.01, 1.04; P = 0.005), valine (OR = 1.02 95% CI: 1.01, 1.03; P<0.0001), leucine (OR = 1.02 95% CI: 1.01, 1.04; P<0.01), and isoleucine (OR = 1.02 95% CI: 1.01, 1.03; P < 0.0001). This result was also significant in the multivariable MR. CONCLUSIONS: This MR study suggests that total and individual BCAA levels could be associated with a high risk of hypertension.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Hipertensão , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
18.
J Vasc Surg Cases Innov Tech ; 9(3): 101228, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37662569

RESUMO

Background: Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) with reverse-flow neuroprotection has emerged as an alternative to transfemoral carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy. However, it requires fluoroscopic guidance, exposing the patient and surgeon to radiation. Although fusion-guided endovascular aneurysm repair has been demonstrated to significantly decrease this radiation risk, not much is known about similar outcomes for TCAR. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes at a single institution using fusion-guided imaging during TCAR compared with regional TCAR cases in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry without fusion imaging. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of data collected from all patients undergoing TCAR with fusion-guided imaging (TCAR-F) at our hospital and patients undergoing TCAR alone within the VQI database. The primary outcomes included the total operative time, dose area product, fluoroscopy time, contrast usage, and flow-reversal time. The demographics and preoperative risk factors were also assessed in both groups. Continuous outcomes were compared using the Welch t test. Categorical outcomes were compared using the Fisher exact test. Results: A total of 30 TCAR-F cases (January 2019 to May 2022) at our institution were compared against the regional VQI dataset (n = 2535). The TCAR-F cases had a lower dose area product (5.67 vs 93.1 Gy cm2; P < .0001), shorter fluoroscopy time (8.07 vs 16.4 minutes; P < .0001), and less contrast usage (13.49 vs 76.7 mL; P < .0001) compared with the regional averages of the same. The TCAR-F cases had a longer total operative time (117.3 vs 80.9 minutes; P < .0001) and flow-reversal time (14.4 vs 11.7 minutes; P = .025) compared with the regional cases. Conclusions: The results from this pilot study comparing TCAR-F patients at a single institution with VQI regional TCAR patients suggest that TCAR-F cases use less radiation and contrast compared with TCAR without fusion imaging. Fusion-guided imaging might provide radiation protection to both patients and surgeons and decrease contrast usage for the patient.

19.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(17)2023 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37687608

RESUMO

Dielectric elastomers (DEs) are a class of electro-active polymers (EAPs) that can deform under electric stimuli and have great application potential in bionic robots, biomedical devices, energy harvesters, and many other areas due to their outstanding deformation abilities. It has been found that stretching rate, temperature, and electric field have significant effects on the stress-strain relations of DEs, which may result in the failure of DEs in their applications. Thus, this paper aims to develop a thermo-electro-viscoelastic model for DEs at finite deformation and simulate the highly nonlinear stress-strain relations of DEs under various thermo-electro-mechanical loading conditions. To do so, a thermodynamically consistent continuum theoretical framework is developed for thermo-electro-mechanically coupling problems, and then specific constitutive equations are given to describe the thermo-electro-viscoelastic behaviors of DEs. Furthermore, the present model is fitted with the experimental data of VHB4905 to determine a temperature-dependent function of the equilibrium modulus. A comparison of the nonlinear loading-unloading curves between the model prediction and the experimental data of VHB4905 at various thermo-electro-mechanical loading conditions verifies the present model and shows its ability to simulate the thermo-electro-viscoelastic behaviors of DEs. Simultaneously, the results reveal the softening phenomena and the instant pre-stretch induced by temperature and the electric field, respectively. This work is conducive to analyzing the failure of DEs in functionalities and structures from theoretical aspects at various thermo-electro-mechanical conditions.

20.
J Mol Histol ; 54(5): 453-472, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37715078

RESUMO

Exercise preconditioning (EP) is a line of scientific inquiry into the short-term biochemical mediators of cardioprotection in the heart. This study examined the involvement of autophagy induced by energy metabolism in myocardial remodelling by EP and myocardial protection. A total of 120 healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into six groups. Plasma cTnI, HBFP staining and electrocardiographic indicators were examined in the context of myocardial ischemic/hypoxic injury and protection. Western blotting and fluorescence double labelling were used to investigate the relationship between energy metabolism and autophagy in EP-resistant myocardial injury caused by exhaustive exercise. Compared with those in the C group, the levels of myocardial ischemic/hypoxic injury were significantly increased in the EE group. Compared with those in the EE group, the levels of myocardial ischemic/hypoxic injury were significantly decreased in the EEP + EE and LEP + EE groups. Compared with that in the EE group, the level of GLUT4 in the sarcolemma was significantly increased, and the colocalization of GLUT4 with the sarcolemma was significantly increased in the EEP + EE and LEP + EE groups (P < 0.05). LC3-II and LC3-II/LC3-I levels of the EEP + EE group were significantly elevated compared with those in the EE group (P < 0.05). The levels of p62 were significantly decreased in the EEP + EE and LEP + EE groups compared with the EE group (P < 0.05). EP promotes GLUT4 translocation and induced autophagy to alleviate exhaustive exercise-induced myocardial ischemic/hypoxic injury.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Físico Animal , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Autofagia , Coração , Hipóxia/metabolismo
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