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1.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667129

RESUMO

Most of the literature that has looked at children's relationships with their parents in the domestic violence context has focused solely on the children's relationship with one parent or is studied from the perspective of one parent, usually the mother. Sibling relationships in the same context are also under-studied. This paper explores in more detail the complexity of children's relationships with their mothers, fathers, and siblings over time from the perspective of adult women and survivors of childhood domestic violence. Methods: A grounded theory methodology was used to analyse the interviews with 15 women aged twenty to forty-three years of age living in Malta. Results: the analysis showed that the domestic violence context remains significant in these important relationships for these women. The relationship with the father remains strongly influenced by the dynamics of fear, love, and retaliation, with cycles of cut-off and connection from the adult daughter's end. The relationship with the mother is complicated-feelings of love that are seen as having been limited and complicated by betrayal if there was abuse from the mother. Similarly, for the siblings, the roles of the early family of origin remain persistent and significant. However, in some of these relationships, there has been transformation, reconciliation, and forgiveness. The article offers implications for therapeutic practice for dealing with the complexity of these relationships and ideas for future research.

2.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 14(1)2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Couple therapists will encounter couple violence in their practice at some point. In this context, one of the main questions they must address is whether to continue with conjoint sessions. This study explores how couple therapists make sense of their decision whether or not to continue with conjoint sessions when violence has become an issue. METHODS: This qualitative study used four semi-structured focus groups and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to analyse the data from the twelve experienced couple therapist participants. RESULTS: Our IPA analysis led to three main group experiential themes across the focus groups: (1) Is it safe enough? (2) Do we have a joint and regenerative project? (3) Three key sources for sense making. CONCLUSION: Partner violence challenges the realm of couple therapy. This article explored how the couple therapists orient themselves and grapple with decision making when violence becomes an issue. The article offers unique insights regarding what the therapists orient themselves towards and how they try to form an impression of whether to continue conjoint sessions. We outline immediate clinical implications and propose measures for building individual and organisational capacity regarding "clinical sense making". Suggestions for further research are also addressed.

3.
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 22(1): 74-89, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26763013

RESUMO

A narrative analysis explored the accounts of eight mothers, each of whom had left an abusive relationship at least 12 months previously. Existing research investigating the strategies used by women to cope with domestic violence rarely considers women in their capacity as mothers. Furthermore, women's lives after leaving an abusive relationship have received limited research attention. Thus, this study aimed to understand how women described coping with domestic violence and mothering their children, both during an abusive relationship and after leaving. The analysis focused on how the eight participants described their experiences (narrative form) as well as what they talked about (narrative content). Three types of narrative form were identified: (1) 'The story told to help others', (2) 'The story too difficult to tell' and (3) 'Where's my story going?' Each woman spoke about the contextual factors that influenced whether she coped with domestic violence by seeking support from others, changing her thinking or changing her behaviour. Caring for their children was a major source of support for all the women both during their relationship and after leaving. The findings indicate that mothers who have been abused by their intimate partner may come into contact with a wide range of social and emergency support services. Implications for clinical practice, service delivery and service development relate to the different ways of supporting women in talking about abuse and also the need to recognise trauma in parents.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 20(2): 304-23, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24177144

RESUMO

Moving suddenly into temporary accommodation with their mothers is a reality for many children who live with domestic violence. The experience of this transition is under-researched despite being considered a unique event for children alongside that of being exposed to domestic violence involving their mothers. This piece of qualitative research aimed to address the following question: 'How do girls aged 10-16 years old experience the transition into temporary accommodation following exposure to domestic violence'? Five girls aged 10-16 years who had moved into either refuge or 'bed and breakfast' accommodation with their mothers were interviewed. Interviews were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three master themes emerged: (1) 'Out of their hands: The transition into a whole new world with loss and change', (2) 'The relentlessness of feeling unsafe and uncertain', (3) 'Coping with the transition: At the mercy of their environment and the actions of others'. All themes show how a lack of agency was experienced by the girls throughout the transition. Findings suggest that the environment of temporary accommodation may inhibit the child's capacity to emotionally process the transition. The role of others was central to either facilitating or constraining coping for the girls throughout this transition.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Habitação , Mães/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 19(4): 494-502, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25271265

RESUMO

This article outlines an integration of attachment theory with narrative theory and systemic theory and practice: Attachment Narrative Therapy (ANT). This integration offers a more powerful explanatory formulation of the development and maintenance of human distress in relationships, families and communities, and gives direction to psychotherapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Terapia Narrativa/métodos , Apego ao Objeto , Teoria Psicológica , Psicoterapia/métodos , Humanos
6.
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 19(2): 184-201, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23615339

RESUMO

Millions of children are exposed to domestic violence. How children negotiate and make sense of living with domestic violence is still under-researched. This study sought to capture the dual-perspectives of school-aged children and their mothers, to develop a richer understanding of children's experiences of domestic violence, using a community-based sample. A qualitative research design was employed, with interpretative phenomenological analysis used to interpret the data. Five school-aged children and three of their mothers participated in the study. Two master themes are discussed from the analysis of the children's perspective: domestic violence through the eyes of children; and learning from children's experiences. Two master themes are discussed from the analysis of the mothers' perspective: reflecting on the child in the context of domestic violence; and learning from mothers: insights, support and services. The crucial importance of the mother-child relationship in shaping children's experience of domestic violence was illustrated in both the perspectives; a finding which may have important implications for the development of interventions. It was also evident that children as young as eight were able to powerfully articulate their experiences of domestic violence.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry ; 17(2): 181-5, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22267849

RESUMO

This paper describes an approach to supervision and consultation with practitioners who work therapeutically with individuals, couples, and families where domestic violence is of concern. The approach is rooted in an established and visible safety methodology, developed over the last 16 years in the Reading Safer Families project. We emphasise risk management, responsibility for behaviour, and co-operative practices as an integrated framework for safer therapeutic practices. The paper illustrates how supervision style and process are adapted to pay attention to safety from all perspectives in the family-professional network.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Psicoterapia/educação , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Humanos , Psicoterapia/organização & administração , Gestão de Riscos/métodos
10.
J Interpers Violence ; 27(5): 916-29, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22203613

RESUMO

Very little attention has been paid to both partners beliefs about why violence in their previously abusive relationship has stopped or significantly reduced despite well-documented details in the research literature outlining the characteristics of both victims and perpetrators. This study aimed to provide some understanding of how each partner believed that the violence has ended. However their answers often were not definitive; instead, they uncovered the complexities in their relationship and their struggle to overcome the uncertainty they have to achieve and maintain successful remediation. The article is based on a qualitative Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) study that explored the nature of the relationship between six heterosexual couples before and after a therapeutic intervention for the men perpetrators, which followed the Duluth Model. The study included how they both understood the violence and how they maintained nonviolence in their relationship. The men were notably still in the process of reprocessing their understanding of why they were violent and they needed to further understand their reactions to maintain their nonviolence. The IPA themes provided some understanding of how the participants thought they had a better understanding of the factors that had maintained their relationship since the termination of the intervention. The themes, generated from the interviews provided by the perpetrators and their victims, are explored and some explanations for the successful continuation of their relationship following treatment are suggested. Implications for widening the treatment options for men perpetrators are suggested in addition to providing treatment options for couples who wish to remain within their relationships and need help to identify unhelpful and dangerous patterns of interaction.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/terapia , Ira , Filho de Pais com Deficiência/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Teoria Psicológica , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores de Risco , Autoimagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
11.
Psychol Psychother ; 82(Pt 3): 305-21, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19208292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although empathy is considered by many to be fundamental to psychotherapeutic practice, little is known about how working with an interpreter may affect empathy in clinical work. Accordingly, the present study aims to provide an exploration of mental health professionals' experiences of empathy in clinical work with an interpreter. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology was utilized in order to provide a rich understanding of participants' shared experiences of empathy in work with an interpreter. Data were gathered using a semi-structured interviewing approach. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was chosen as the method of analysis as this would provide a highly descriptive and in-depth account of participants' experiences. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 10 mental health professionals regularly working with linguistic interpreters. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using IPA. RESULTS: The analysis yielded four major themes which described the effects of translation upon empathic dialogues with service-users; changes in the quality of empathic communication with service-users; the effects of cultural similarities and dissimilarities upon empathy within client-interpreter and client-professional dyads; and opportunities for the interpreter to enrich participants' understanding of service-users' perspectives. CONCLUSIONS: The difficulties participants encountered in work with an interpreter highlight a need for training in cross-language empathy for interpreters and mental health professionals, and encourage the use of transcultural models of psychotherapy in work with non-English speaking service-users. Some of the difficulties associated with adopting traditional humanistic models of empathy, which tend to centralize the therapist within empathic processes, when working with interpreters are also discussed.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Tradução , Comunicação , Barreiras de Comunicação , Características Culturais , Feminino , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevista Psicológica/métodos , Idioma , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 8(2): 61-67, 2003 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper describes some of the issues we confronted and resolved in setting up an independent dedicated domestic violence service. METHOD: In our project we work with violent behaviour that is known or suspected in the contexts of both assessment and therapy. We describe our policy on domestic violence, including confidentiality, our reflecting practices, our relationships with referrers as a means of managing the risk of violence, and the assessment and evaluation procedures we use for the assessment of risk of violence. We include some discussion of the effects of domestic violence on children and the effects of doing this work on ourselves. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude by discussing the moral issues involved for us as therapists in doing this work, the impact of the legal frame within which we work, and some of the social and psychological theories we find helpful in understanding the causes and effects of violent behaviour in the family.

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