Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 82
Filtrar
1.
Blood ; 135(10): 735-742, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945149

RESUMO

The phase 3 ECHELON-1 study demonstrated that brentuximab vedotin (A) with doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (AVD; A+AVD) exhibited superior modified progression-free survival (PFS) vs doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) for frontline treatment of patients with stage III/IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Maturing positron emission tomography (PET)-adapted trial data highlight potential limitations of PET-adapted approaches, including toxicities with dose intensification and higher-than-expected relapse rates in PET scan after cycle 2 (PET2)-negative (PET2-) patients. We present an update of the ECHELON-1 study, including an exploratory analysis of 3-year PFS per investigator. A total of 1334 patients with stage III or IV cHL were randomized 1:1 to receive 6 cycles of A+AVD (n = 664) or ABVD (n = 670). Interim PET2 was required. At median follow-up of 37 months, 3-year PFS rates were 83.1% with A+AVD and 76.0% with ABVD; 3-year PFS rates in PET2- patients aged <60 years were 87.2% vs 81.0%, respectively. A beneficial trend in PET2+ patients aged <60 years on A+AVD was also observed, with a 3-year PFS rate of 69.2% vs 54.7% with ABVD. The benefit of A+AVD in the intent-to-treat population appeared independent of disease stage and prognostic risk factors. Upon continued follow-up, 78% of patients with peripheral neuropathy on A+AVD had either complete resolution or improvement compared with 83% on ABVD. These data highlight that A+AVD provides a durable efficacy benefit compared with ABVD for frontline stage III/IV cHL, consistent across key subgroups regardless of patient status at PET2, without need for treatment intensification or bleomycin exposure. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01712490 (EudraCT no. 2011-005450-60).

2.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(3): 248-256, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804876

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In an update of the randomized, open-label, phase III European Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) Elderly trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00209209), published in 2012, we aimed to confirm results on long-term outcome focusing on efficacy and safety of long-term use of rituximab maintenance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five hundred sixty patients with newly diagnosed MCL underwent a first random assignment between rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) and rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide (R-FC) induction, followed by a second random assignment in 316 responders between rituximab and interferon alfa maintenance, to be continued until progression. We compared progression-free survival from the second randomization and overall survival (OS) from the first or second randomizations. RESULTS: After a median follow-up time of 7.6 years, the previously described difference in OS between the induction arms persisted (median, 6.4 years after R-CHOP [n = 280] v 3.9 years after R-FC [n = 280]; P = .0054). Patients responding to R-CHOP had median progression-free survival and OS times of 5.4 and 9.8 years, respectively, when randomly assigned to rituximab (n = 87), compared with 1.9 years (P < .001) and 7.1 years (P = .0026), respectively, when randomly assigned to interferon alfa (n = 97). In 58% and 32% of patients treated with R-CHOP, rituximab maintenance was still ongoing 2 and 5 years from start of maintenance, respectively. After R-FC, rituximab maintenance was associated with an unexpectedly high cumulative incidence of death in remission (22% at 5 years). Toxicity of rituximab maintenance was low after R-CHOP (grade 3-4 leukopenia or infection < 5%) but more prominent in patients on rituximab maintenance after R-FC, in whom grade 3-4 leukopenia (up to 40%) and infections were frequent (up to 15%). CONCLUSION: The excellent results of R-CHOP followed by rituximab maintenance until progression for older patients with MCL persisted in a mature follow-up. Prolongation of rituximab maintenance beyond 2 years is effective and safe.

3.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 29(2): 157-164, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517672

RESUMO

In Poland, cervical cancer incidence and mortality still remain considerably higher than in Western European countries or North America. Recent data indicate decreasing trends in women younger than 60 years and stable trends in older women. In this article, we identified obstacles in primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer in Poland. We analysed local legislation, management structure and organization of cervical cancer prevention in Poland and reviewed solutions available and implemented in other European countries. The main weaknesses include: (i) very low coverage of organized screening; concurrent unregistered opportunistic screening with unknown coverage and high test consumption (ii) suboptimal quality assurance in organized screening and no external quality assurance in opportunistic screening (iii) very low coverage of human papillomavirus vaccination that is not centrally reimbursed (iv) absence of pilot evaluation of (a) interventions that may improve population coverage and (b) performance of new preventive strategies. The proposed solutions are multifaceted and involve: (i) legislative and organizational regulation of cervical cancer screening aimed at comprehensive registration of procedures, data access and quality assurance (ii) pilot testing and implementation of new ways to increase coverage of cervical cancer screening, in particular among older women (iii) pilot evaluation with possible introduction of human papillomavirus-based screening and (iv) inclusion of human papillomavirus vaccination into the reimbursed national immunization program.

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 61(3): 699-706, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746254

RESUMO

Cereblon (CRBN) is crucial for antiproliferative and immunomodulatory properties of immunomodulatory drugs. The objective of this study was to verify whether germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CRBN gene may influence response to lenalidomide in multiple myeloma (MM). Fourteen tagging SNPs covering the genetic variability in the CRBN gene region were genotyped in 167 Polish patients with refractory/relapsed MM treated with lenalidomide-based regimens. We found that carriers of minor alleles of two studied CRBN SNPs rs1714327G > C (OR = 0.26; 95% CI = 0.1-0.67; p = .0055, Bonferroni corrected p = .033) and rs1705814T > C (OR = 0.22; 95% CI = 0.07-0.65; p = .0063, Bonferroni corrected p = .037) were significantly associated with lower probability of achievement at least partial remission while treated with lenalidomide-based regimens, using the dominant inheritance model. Moreover, one of these SNPs, namely rs1705814T > C, was correlated with shorter progression-free survival (HR = 2.49; 95%CI = 1.31-4.74, p = .0054, Bonferroni corrected p = .033). It is suggested that selected germline CRBN allelic variants (rs1714327G > C and rs1705814T > C) affect lenalidomide efficacy in patients with relapsed/refractory MM.

5.
J Investig Med ; 68(2): 331-334, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672721

RESUMO

One of the first achievements of molecular biology in lymphoma science was a discovery of cell of origin (COO) classification around 20 years ago with defining activated B-cell like (ABC) and germinal center B-cell like subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with the use of gene expression profiling. These categories were considered important as seemed to present different biology, response to treatment, and prognosis. Immunochemotherapy R-CHOP21 has been a standard of care for 2 decades, and it results in long-term disease-free survival or cure of 60% of patients with DLBCL but efficacy in an individual patient depends on age and other International Prognostic Index clinical risk factors and is within a range of 30% to more than 90%. Clinical attempts to enhance activity of immunochemotherapy in high-risk DLBCL like ABC or others included adding targeted agents to the R-CHOP backbone: bortezomib, lenalidomide, ibrutinib. Unfortunately, randomized clinical trials did not confirm the expected benefit. Recently, advanced molecular techniques were used to classify B-cell lymphomas beyond COO or MYC alterations and correlated with clinical outcome as illustrated by 2 recently published influential studies from the National Institutes of Health and from Dana Farber Cancer Center, USA. Advanced molecular pathogenesis descriptions of DLBCL provide a framework for actionable classifications that should be used for designing future clinical trials and hopefully bring success to treatment of high-risk aggressive lymphoma.

6.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792945

RESUMO

R-CVP (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone) and R-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone + rituximab) are immunochemotherapy regimens frequently used for remission induction of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas (iNHLs). Rituximab maintenance (RM) significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with complete/partial remission (CR/PR). Here we report the final results of a randomized study comparing R-CVP to R-CHOP both followed by RM. Untreated patients in need of systemic therapy with symptomatic and progressive iNHLs including follicular (FL) and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), small lymphocytic (SLL), and lymphoplasmacytic (LPL) lymphoma were eligible. Patients were randomized to receive R-CVP or R-CHOP for eight cycles or until complete response (CR). All patients with CR/PR (partial response) received RM 375 mg/m2 q 2 months for 12 cycles. Primary endpoint was event-free survival (EFS). Two-hundred and fifty patients [FL 42%, MZL/MALT 38%, LPL/ Waldenström Macroglobulinaemia (WM) 11%, SLL 9%] were enrolled and randomized (R-CHOP: 127, R-CVP: 123). Median age was 56 years (21-85), 44% were male, 90% were in stage III-IV, 43% of FL patients had a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) score ≥3, and 33·4% of all patients had an IPI score ≥3. At the end of induction treatment, the CR/PR rate was 43·6/50·9% and 36·3/60·8% in the R-CHOP and R-CVP groups (P = 0·218) respectively. After a median follow-up of 67, 66, and 70 months, five-year EFS was 61% vs. 56% (not significant), progression-free survival (PFS) was 71% vs. 69% (not significant) and overall survival (OS) was 84% vs. 89% in the R-CHOP vs. the R-CVP arm respectively. Grade III/IV adverse events (65 vs. 22) occurred in 40 (33·1%) and 18 (15·3%) patients, P = 0·001; neutropenia in 16 (11·6%) and 4 (3·4%) patients, P = 0·017; infection in 14 (10·7%) and 3 (2·5%) patients,; P = 0·011; and a second neoplasm in three versus seven patients., in the R-CHOP and the R-CVP groups respectively. This multicentre randomized study with >five-year follow-up shows similar outcome in patients with indolent lymphoma in need of systemic therapy treated with R-CVP or R-CHOP immunochemotherapy and rituximab maintenance in both arms. The minor toxicity of the R-CVP regimen makes it a reasonable choice for induction treatment, leaving other active agents like doxorubicin or bendamustin for second-line therapy.

7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731456

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare, highly aggressive, extranodal form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, predominantly diagnosed as primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS DLBCL). Fast and precise diagnosis of PCNSL is critical yet challenging. microRNAs, important regulators in physiology and pathology are potential biomarkers. In 131 patients with CNS DLBCL and with non-malignant brain lesions (n-ML), miR-21, miR-19b and miR-92a, miR-155, miR-196b, miR-let-7b, miR-125b, and miR-9 were examined by RT-qPCR in brain biopsy samples (formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, FFPET; CNS DLBCL, n = 52; n-ML, n = 42) and cerebrospinal fluid samples (CSF; CNS DLBCL, n = 30; n-ML, n = 23) taken for routine diagnosis. FFPET samples were split into study and validation sets. Significantly higher CSF levels of miR-21, miR-19b, and miR-92a were identified in PCNSL but not in n-ML, and differentiated PCNSL from n-ML with 63.33% sensitivity and 80.77% specificity. In FFPETs, miR-155 and miR-196b were significantly overexpressed and miR-let-7b, miR-125b, and miR-9 were downregulated in PCNSL as compared to n-ML. Combined miR-155 and miR-let-7b expression levels in FFPETs discriminated PCNSL and n-ML with a 97% accuracy. In conclusion, tissue miR-155, miR-196b, miR-9, miR-125b, and miR-let-7b expression profiles differentiate PCNSL from n-ML. PCNSL CSFs and the relevant biopsy samples are characterized by specific, different microRNA profiles. A logistic regression model is proposed to discriminate between PCNSL and non-malignant brain lesions. None of the examined microRNAs influenced overall survival of PCNSL patients. Further ongoing developments involve next generation sequencing-based profiling of biopsy and CSF samples.

8.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(34): 3291-3299, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609651

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with relapsed or refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (rrPMBCL) have a poor prognosis, and their treatment represents an urgent and unmet need. Because PMBCL is associated with genetic aberrations at 9p24 and overexpression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) ligands (PD-L1), it is hypothesized to be susceptible to PD-1 blockade. METHODS: In the phase IB KEYNOTE-013 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01953692) and phase II KEYNOTE-170 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02576990) studies, adults with rrPMBCL received pembrolizumab for up to 2 years or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end points were safety and objective response rate in KEYNOTE-013 and objective response rate in KEYNOTE-170. Secondary end points included duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. Exploratory end points included association between biomarkers and pembrolizumab activity. RESULTS: The objective response rate was 48% (7 complete responses; 33%) among 21 patients in KEYNOTE-013 and 45% (7 complete responses; 13%) among 53 patients in KEYNOTE-170. After a median follow-up time of 29.1 months in KEYNOTE-013 and 12.5 months in KEYNOTE-170, the median duration of response was not reached in either study. No patient with complete response experienced progression, including 2 patients with complete response for at least 1 year off therapy. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 24% of patients in KEYNOTE-013 and 23% of patients in KEYNOTE-170. There were no treatment-related deaths. Among 42 evaluable patients, the magnitude of the 9p24 gene abnormality was associated with PD-L1 expression, which was itself significantly associated with progression-free survival. CONCLUSION: Pembrolizumab is associated with high response rate, durable activity, and a manageable safety profile in patients with rrPMBCL.

9.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(3): 675-684, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30160566

RESUMO

This open-label, single-arm phase II study examined efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics, and biomarkers of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor resminostat in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. Thirty-seven heavily pretreated patients received 600 (19 patients) or 800 mg (18 patients) oral resminostat daily for the initial 5 days of 14-day treatment cycles. Objective response rate (ORR) (primary) was 34% reaching disease control in 54% patients. Most patients (69%) showed reduced tumor size and reduced [18F]-FDG uptake in target lesions (71%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.3 months (95%CI [1.3; 3.3]) and median overall survival (OS) was 12.5 months (95%CI [9.6; 18.6]). Patients who responded or stabilized under resminostat had a 10-month longer OS than patients who progressed. Efficacy assessment, pharmacodynamics, and exploratory biomarker results followed plasma levels, showed target engagement and epigenetic modulations. Common drug-related adverse events (AEs) were nausea, vomiting, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and fatigue, mainly grade 1 or 2.

10.
Pol J Pathol ; 69(3): 207-208, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30509046
11.
Eur J Cancer ; 104: 127-136, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347288

RESUMO

Cancer research is an essential part of national cancer control programmes, and the emerging economies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Russian Federation and Central Asia (R-CA) (Commonwealth of Independent States) remain relatively understudied. Here, we map the cancer research activity from the 29 countries across these regions over a 10-year period (2007-2016), using a standard scientometric approach. Research activity was compared with the countries' wealth and with the disease burden from different cancers, and analyses were also performed by the research domain (e.g. fundamental cancer biology, surgery). We found that although there was a correlation between outputs and national wealth, there were many outliers; the CEE countries publishing relatively more, and the R-CA, less. Outputs reflected cancer burdens, but there was a relative paucity of research on lung, colorectal, gastric and pancreatic cancer, as well as research domains such as screening and palliative care. Clinical trials accounted for only 3% of all research outputs from all countries, and were very international, with on average 1.5 CEE countries and 8.0 others involved in each article, and they were heavily cited (on average, 84 times in 5 years). Poland was by far the most research-active country, but significant needs and opportunities have been identified to expand the cancer research activity in all CEE and R-CA countries to enhance national cancer control planning.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Oncologia , Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos , Ásia/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Previsões , Geografia Médica , Produto Interno Bruto , Humanos , Masculino , Oncologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Oncologia/tendências , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Técnicas de Planejamento , Medicina Preventiva , Federação Russa/epidemiologia
12.
Br J Haematol ; 183(3): 400-410, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30168134

RESUMO

Some patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are not considered suitable for stem cell transplant (SCT) and have a poor prognosis. This phase IV study (NCT01990534) evaluated brentuximab vedotin (1·8 mg/kg intravenously once every 3 weeks) in 60 patients (aged ≥18 years) with CD30-positive relapsed/refractory HL, a history of ≥1 prior systemic chemotherapy regimen, who were considered unsuitable for SCT/multi-agent chemotherapy. Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) per independent review facility (IRF). Secondary endpoints included duration of response (DOR), progression-free survival (PFS) per IRF, overall survival (OS), proportion proceeding to SCT and safety. The ORR was 50%, with 12% CR; 47% proceeded to SCT. Median DOR was 4·6 months and median duration of CR was 6·1 months. After a median follow-up of 6·9 and 16·6 months, median PFS and OS were 4·8 months (95% confidence interval, 3·0-5·3) and not reached, respectively; estimated OS rate was 86% at 12 months. Most common adverse events (≥10%) were peripheral neuropathy (35%), pyrexia (18%), diarrhoea and neutropenia (each 10%). Brentuximab vedotin showed notable activity with a safety profile consistent with known toxicities, and may act as a bridge to SCT, enabling high-risk patients who achieve suboptimal response to frontline/salvage chemotherapy/radiotherapy to receive potentially curative SCT.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Blood ; 132(25): 2639-2642, 2018 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30266774

RESUMO

The phase 3 AETHERA trial established brentuximab vedotin (BV) as a consolidative treatment option for adult patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) at high risk of relapse or progression after autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). Results showed that BV significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) vs placebo plus best supportive care alone. At 5-year follow-up, BV continued to provide patients with sustained PFS benefit; 5-year PFS was 59% (95% confidence interval [CI], 51-66) with BV vs 41% (95% CI, 33-49) with placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.521; 95% CI, 0.379-0.717). Similarly, patients with ≥2 risk factors in the BV arm experienced significantly higher PFS at 5 years than patients in the placebo arm (HR, 0.424; 95% CI, 0.302-0.596). Upfront consolidation with BV significantly delayed time to second subsequent therapy, an indicator of ongoing disease control, vs placebo. Peripheral neuropathy, the most common adverse event in patients receiving BV, continued to improve and/or resolve in 90% of patients. In summary, consolidation with BV in adult patients with cHL at high risk of relapse or progression after auto-HSCT confers a sustained PFS benefit and is safe and well tolerated. Physicians should consider each patient's HL risk factor profile when making treatment decisions. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01100502.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Autoenxertos , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Mod Pathol ; 31(5): 732-743, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327714

RESUMO

We previously described a subset of MYC translocation-negative aggressive B-cell lymphomas resembling Burkitt lymphoma, characterized by proximal gains and distal losses in chromosome 11. In the 2016 WHO classification, these MYC-negative lymphomas were recognized as a new provisional entity, 'Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration'. Here we present an immunophenotype analysis of Burkitt-like lymphomas with 11q aberration. Cells were acquired by fine needle aspiration biopsy from 10 young adult patients, 80% of whom presented recurrence-free 5-year survival. Twenty-three MYC-positive Burkitt lymphomas, including three carrying both MYC rearrangement and 11q aberration, served as controls. By immunohistochemistry, all Burkitt-like lymphomas with 11q aberration were CD20+/CD10+/BCL6+/BCL2-/MUM1-/MYC+/EBV-, usually LMO2+/CD44-/CD43- and sometimes CD56+, and showed high proliferation rate. By flow cytometry, Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration immunophenotypically resembled MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma, except for significantly (adjusted P<0.001) more frequent CD38higher expression in Burkitt lymphoma (91% MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma vs 10% Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration), more frequently diminished CD45 expression in Burkitt lymphoma (74% vs 10%), an exclusive CD16/CD56 and highly restricted CD8 expression in Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration (60% vs 0% and 40% vs 4%, respectively). We showed high diagnostic accuracy and effectiveness of flow cytometry in Burkitt lymphoma. CD16/CD56 expression without CD38higher and the lack of CD16/CD56 with CD38higher expression proves to be a reliable, fast, and cost-effective method for diagnosing 11q aberration and MYC rearrangements in CD10(+) aggressive lymphomas, respectively. In addition, we confirmed a pattern of an inverted duplication with telomeric loss of 11q, as a recurrent 11q abnormality, but one case presented alternative changes, possibly resulting in an equivalent molecular effect. Our findings reveal similarities along with subtle but essential differences in the immunophenotype of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration and MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma, important for the differential diagnosis, but also for understanding the pathogenesis of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Imunofenotipagem , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/imunologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Genes myc , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/imunologia , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tonsila Palatina/patologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Br J Haematol ; 180(2): 224-235, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29193019

RESUMO

In the mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)-002 study, lenalidomide demonstrated significantly improved median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with investigator's choice (IC) in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL. Here we present the long-term follow-up data and results of preplanned subgroup exploratory analyses from MCL-002 to evaluate the potential impact of demographic factors, baseline clinical characteristics and prior therapies on PFS. In MCL-002, patients with relapsed/refractory MCL were randomized 2:1 to receive lenalidomide (25 mg/day orally on days 1-21; 28-day cycles) or single-agent IC therapy (rituximab, gemcitabine, fludarabine, chlorambucil or cytarabine). The intent-to-treat population comprised 254 patients (lenalidomide, n = 170; IC, n = 84). Subgroup analyses of PFS favoured lenalidomide over IC across most characteristics, including risk factors, such as high MCL International Prognostic Index score, age ≥65 years, high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), stage III/IV disease, high tumour burden, and refractoriness to last prior therapy. By multivariate Cox regression analysis, factors associated with significantly longer PFS (other than lenalidomide treatment) included normal LDH levels (P < 0·001), nonbulky disease (P = 0·045), <3 prior antilymphoma treatments (P = 0·005), and ≥6 months since last prior treatment (P = 0·032). Overall, lenalidomide improved PFS versus single-agent IC therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL, irrespective of many demographic factors, disease characteristics and prior treatment history.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Retratamento , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talidomida/efeitos adversos , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(8): 1814-1828, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29172868

RESUMO

Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) usually respond to initial combination chemotherapy, but the disease inevitably relapses and often follows an aggressive course. Here, clinical study results published since 2008 for patients with relapsed/refractory MCL were reviewed to compare available evidence for treatment guidance. Most trials identified were non-randomized, phase II studies performed at a limited number of sites, and many evaluated MCL as one of multiple non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. Additional randomized, comparative trials are needed. Treatment selection generally depends on patient need, age and fitness, time of relapse, and line of therapy. Combination regimens typically produce higher response rates than single agents, and adding rituximab generally improves outcomes. The inclusion of ibrutinib, lenalidomide, temsirolimus, and bortezomib, represents an important advance for patients ineligible for, unable to tolerate, or failing high-intensity combination chemotherapy. A high need for effective treatments in relapsed/refractory MCL remains, particularly for elderly and frail patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Rituximab/administração & dosagem
17.
N Engl J Med ; 378(4): 331-344, 2018 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29224502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brentuximab vedotin is an anti-CD30 antibody-drug conjugate that has been approved for relapsed and refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, multicenter, randomized phase 3 trial involving patients with previously untreated stage III or IV classic Hodgkin's lymphoma, in which 664 were assigned to receive brentuximab vedotin, doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (A+AVD) and 670 were assigned to receive doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD). The primary end point was modified progression-free survival (the time to progression, death, or noncomplete response and use of subsequent anticancer therapy) as adjudicated by an independent review committee. The key secondary end point was overall survival. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 24.6 months, 2-year modified progression-free survival rates in the A+AVD and ABVD groups were 82.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 78.8 to 85.0) and 77.2% (95% CI, 73.7 to 80.4), respectively, a difference of 4.9 percentage points (hazard ratio for an event of progression, death, or modified progression, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.98; P=0.04). There were 28 deaths with A+AVD and 39 with ABVD (hazard ratio for interim overall survival, 0.73 [95% CI, 0.45 to 1.18]; P=0.20) [corrected]. All secondary efficacy end points trended in favor of A+AVD. Neutropenia occurred in 58% of the patients receiving A+AVD and in 45% of those receiving ABVD; in the A+AVD group, the rate of febrile neutropenia was lower among the 83 patients who received primary prophylaxis with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor than among those who did not (11% vs. 21%). Peripheral neuropathy occurred in 67% of patients in the A+AVD group and in 43% of patients in the ABVD group; 67% of patients in the A+AVD group who had peripheral neuropathy had resolution or improvement at the last follow-up visit. Pulmonary toxicity of grade 3 or higher was reported in less than 1% of patients receiving A+AVD and in 3% of those receiving ABVD. Among the deaths that occurred during treatment, 7 of 9 in the A+AVD group were associated with neutropenia and 11 of 13 in the ABVD group were associated with pulmonary-related toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: A+AVD had superior efficacy to ABVD in the treatment of patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma, with a 4.9 percentage-point lower combined risk of progression, death, or noncomplete response and use of subsequent anticancer therapy at 2 years. (Funded by Millennium Pharmaceuticals and Seattle Genetics; ECHELON-1 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01712490 ; EudraCT number, 2011-005450-60 .).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
18.
Lancet ; 390(10094): 555-566, 2017 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28600132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are rare, generally incurable, and associated with reduced quality of life. Present systemic therapies rarely provide reliable and durable responses. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of brentuximab vedotin versus conventional therapy for previously treated patients with CD30-positive cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. METHODS: In this international, open-label, randomised, phase 3, multicentre trial, we enrolled adult patients with CD30-positive mycosis fungoides or primary cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma who had been previously treated. Patients were enrolled across 52 centres in 13 countries. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) centrally by an interactive voice and web response system to receive intravenous brentuximab vedotin 1·8 mg/kg once every 3 weeks, for up to 16 3-week cycles, or physician's choice (oral methotrexate 5-50 mg once per week or oral bexarotene 300 mg/m2 once per day) for up to 48 weeks. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients in the intention-to-treat population achieving an objective global response lasting at least 4 months per independent review facility. Safety analyses were done in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01578499. FINDINGS: Between Aug 13, 2012, and July 31, 2015, 131 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to a group (66 to brentuximab vedotin and 65 to physician's choice), with 128 analysed in the intention-to-treat population (64 in each group). At a median follow-up of 22·9 months (95% CI 18·4-26·1), the proportion of patients achieving an objective global response lasting at least 4 months was 56·3% (36 of 64 patients) with brentuximab vedotin versus 12·5% (eight of 64) with physician's choice, resulting in a between-group difference of 43·8% (95% CI 29·1-58·4; p<0·0001). Grade 3-4 adverse events were reported in 27 (41%) of 66 patients in the brentuximab vedotin group and 29 (47%) of 62 patients in the physician's choice group. Peripheral neuropathy was seen in 44 (67%) of 66 patients in the brentuximab vedotin group (n=21 grade 2, n=6 grade 3) and four (6%) of 62 patients in the physician's choice group. One of the four on-treatment deaths was deemed by the investigator to be treatment-related in the brentuximab vedotin group; no on-treatment deaths were reported in the physician's choice group. INTERPRETATION: Significant improvement in objective response lasting at least 4 months was seen with brentuximab vedotin versus physician's choice of methotrexate or bexarotene. FUNDING: Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc (a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd), Seattle Genetics Inc.


Assuntos
Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T , Qualidade de Vida , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Imunoconjugados , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
19.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 58(10): 2356-2362, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28278728

RESUMO

CD52 is a glycoprotein expressed on normal as well as leukemic immune cells and shed as soluble CD52 (sCD52). We studied sCD52 levels in three CLL cohorts: the 'early', the 'high-risk', and the 'ibrutinib-treated'. The 'high-risk' patients had significantly higher sCD52 levels than the 'early' patients. For the 'early' patients, high sCD52 levels were associated with a significantly shorter time to first treatment. Regarding prognostic factors, no clear correlations with stage, IGHV, or beta-2-microglobulin were found; in a cox multivariate analysis of the 'early' patients, sCD52 and IGHV both had independent prognostic value. Following chemo-immunotherapy, sCD52 decreased in parallel with leukocytes while during ibrutinib treatment and ibrutinib-induced ymphocytosis, sCD52 decreased along with lymph node reductions. In vitro IgM stimulation of CLL cells led to increased sCD52 levels in the medium. Our findings indicate that sCD52 reflects disease activity and potentially treatment efficacy in CLL.


Assuntos
Antígeno CD52 , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno CD52/sangue , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Prognóstico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico
20.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 18(1): 5, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28185174

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: A number of new treatment options have recently emerged for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients, including the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) delta isoform inhibitor idelalisib combined with rituximab, the Bcl-2 antagonist venetoclax, and the new anti-CD20 antibodies obinutuzumab and ofatumumab. Most of these agents are already included into treatment algorithms defined by international practice guidelines, but more clinical investigations are needed to answer still remaining questions. Ibrutinib was proven as a primary choice for patients with the TP53 gene deletion/mutation, who otherwise have no active treatment available. Idelalisib with rituximab is also an active therapy, but due to increased risk of serious infections, its use in first-line treatment is limited to patients for whom ibrutinib is not an option. A new indication for ibrutinib was recently approved for older patients with comorbidities, as an alternative to the already existing indication for chlorambucil with obinutuzumab. The use of kinase inhibitors is already well established in recurrent/refractory disease. Immunochemotherapy with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab (FCR) remains a major first-line option for many CLL patients without the TP53 gene deletion/mutation, and who have no significant comorbidities or history of infections, and is particularly effective in patients with favorable features including mutated IGHV status. There are a number of issues regarding novel therapies for CLL that need further investigation such as optimum duration of treatment with kinase inhibitors, appropriate sequencing of novel agents, mechanisms of resistance to inhibitors and response to class switching after treatment failure, along with the potential role of combinations of targeted agents.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Descoberta de Drogas , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/etiologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prognóstico , Padrão de Cuidado , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA