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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 15, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is the main clinical cause of low back pain. The pathogenesis of lumbar disc herniation is still uncertain, while it is often accompanied by disc rupture. In order to explore relationship between loading rate and failure mechanics that may lead to lumbar disc herniation, the failure mechanical properties of the intervertebral disc under high rates of loading were analyzed. METHOD: Bend the lumbar motion segment of a healthy sheep by 5° and compress it to the ultimate strength point at a strain rate of 0.008/s, making a damaged sample. Within the normal strain range, the sample is subjected to quasi-static loading and high loading rate at different strain rates. RESULTS: For healthy samples, the stress-strain curve appears collapsed only at high rates of compression; for damaged samples, the stress-strain curves collapse both at quasi-static and high-rate compression. For damaged samples, the strengthening stage becomes significantly shorter as the strain rate increases, indicating that its ability to prevent the destruction is significantly reduced. For damaged intervertebral disc, when subjected to quasi-static or high rates loading until failure, the phenomenon of nucleus pulposus (NP) prolapse occurs, indicating the occurrence of herniation. When subjected to quasi-static loading, the AF moves away from the NP, and inner AF has the greatest displacement; when subjected to high rates loading, the AF moves closer to the NP, and outer AF has the greatest displacement. The Zhu-Wang-Tang (ZWT) nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model was used to describe the mechanical behavior of the intervertebral disc, and the fitting results were in good agreement with the experimental curve. CONCLUSION: Experimental results show that, both damage and strain rate have a significant effect on the mechanical behavior of the disc fracture. The research work in this article has important theoretical guiding significance for preventing LDH in daily life.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Ovinos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Suporte de Carga , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estresse Mecânico , Disco Intervertebral/patologia
2.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 36(12): 1142-6, 2023 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38130222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate CT values of cancellous bone in femoral neck in adults over 60 years with proximal femoral fractures. METHODS: From January 2020 to December 2020, a retrospective analysis was performed on 280 subjects aged 60 years or older who underwent bilateral hip CT examination, including 85 males and 195 females, 120 on the left side and 160 on the right side, aged 75 (66, 82) years old. One hundred thirty-six patients with proximal femoral fractures were included in study group and 144 patients without fractures were included in control group. GEOptima CT was used to scan and reconstruct horizontal, coronal and sagittal layers of proximal femur. CT values of cancellous bone in femoral neck were measured and compared between two groups. The relationship between CT values of cancellous bone of femoral neck and proximal femoral fracture was analyzed statistically. RESULTS: In terms of age, fracture group aged 79(73.3, 85.0) years old, non-fracture group aged 69.5 (64.0, 78.8) years old, and had significant difference in age between two groups (P<0.05). In terms of CT value, regional CT value in fracture group was 8.62(-3.62, 27.15) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 34.31(-5.93, 71.74) HU(P<0.05). CT value on coronal view in fracture group was -8.48(-30.96, 17.46) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 40.49(5.55, 80.71) HU (P<0.05). CT value on sagittal view in fracture group was -31.28(-54.91, -5.11) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 7.74(-20.12, 44.54) HU (P<0.05). CT values on horizontal view in fracture group was 0.17(-23.13, 24.60) HU, which was lower than that in non-fracture group 46.40(10.42, 85.18) HU(P<0.05). The mean regional CT values among three planes in the fracture group were lower than those in the non-fracture group. Logistic regression analysis showed coronal CT value was influencing factors of proximal femoral fracture, and it could be written into regression equations that predict probability of fracture. CONCLUSION: In adults aged over 60 years old, CT values of cancellous bone of femoral neck decreased with increasing age. The smaller CT value of cancellous bone of femoral neck, the greater risk of proximal femoral fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Fraturas Proximais do Fêmur , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Colo do Fêmur , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Densidade Óssea
3.
J Adv Res ; 2023 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38036217

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neurological dysfunction induced by fluoride contamination is still one of major concern worldwide. Recently, neuroprotective roles of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) focusing on mitochondrial function have been highlighted. However, what roles SIRT1 exerts and the underlying regulative mechanisms, remain largely uncharacterized in such neurotoxic process of fluoride. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at evaluating the regulatory roles of SIRT1 in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and Sprague-Dawley rats with fluoride treatment, and to further identify potential miRNA directly targeting SIRT1. METHODS: Pharmacological suppression of SIRT1 by nicotinamide (NIC) and promotion of SIRT1 by adenovirus (Ad-SIRT1) or resveratrol (RSV) were employed to assess the effects of SIRT1 in mitochondrial dysfunction induced by fluoride. Also, miRNAs profiling and bioinformatic prediction were used to screen the miRNAs which can regulate SIRT1 directly. Further, chemical mimic or inhibitor of chosen miRNA was applied to validate the modulation of chosen miRNA. RESULTS: NIC exacerbated defects in mitochondrial network dynamics and cytochrome c (Cyto C) release-driven apoptosis, contributing to fluoride-induced neuronal death. In contrast, the ameliorative effects were observed when overexpressing SIRT1 by Ad-SIRT1 in vitro or RSV in vivo. More importantly, miR-708-3p targeting SIRT1 directly was identified. And interestingly, moreover, treatment with chemically modified miR-708-3p mimic aggravated, while miR-708-3p inhibitor suppressed fluoride-caused neuronal death. Further confirmedly, overexpressing SIRT1 effectively neutralized miR-708-3p mimic-worsened fluoride neuronal death via correcting mitochondrial network dynamics. On contrary, inhibiting SIRT1 counteracted the promotive effects of miR-708-3p inhibitor against neurotoxic response by fluoride through aggravating abnormal mitochondrial network dynamics. CONCLUSION: These data underscore the functional importance of SIRT1 to mitochondrial network dynamics in neurotoxic process of fluoride and further screen a novel unreported neuronal function of miR-708-3p as an upstream regulator of targeting SIRT1, which has important theoretical implications for a potential therapeutic and preventative target for treatment of neurotoxic progression by fluoride.

4.
Cell Commun Signal ; 21(1): 296, 2023 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37864270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles that play important roles in intercellular communication and have potential therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine. Dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs) are a promising source of exosomes due to their regenerative and immunomodulatory properties. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating exosome secretion from DMSCs are not fully understood. RESULTS: In this study, the role of peroxiredoxin II (Prx II) in regulating exosome secretion from DMSCs and the underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated. It was discovered that depletion of Prx II led to a significant reduction in exosome secretion from DMSCs and an increase in the number of intracellular multivesicular bodies (MVBs), which serve as precursors of exosomes. Mechanistically, Prx II regulates the ISGylation switch that controls MVB degradation and impairs exosome secretion. Specifically, Prx II depletion decreased JNK activity, reduced the expression of the transcription inhibitor Foxo1, and promoted miR-221 expression. Increased miR-221 expression inhibited the STAT signaling pathway, thus downregulating the expression of ISGylation-related genes involved in MVB degradation. Together, these results identify Prx II as a critical regulator of exosome secretion from DMSCs through the ISGylation signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide important insights into the molecular mechanisms regulating exosome secretion from DMSCs and highlight the critical role of Prx II in controlling the ISGylation switch that regulates DMSC-exosome secretion. This study has significant implications for developing new therapeutic strategies in regenerative medicine. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Exossomos/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
5.
Cell Death Discov ; 9(1): 263, 2023 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37500620

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic, systemic immune-mediated disease caused by abnormal proliferation, decreased apoptosis, and over-differentiation of keratinocytes. The psoriatic skin lesions due to abnormal keratinocytes are closely associated with ROS produced by inflammatory cells. Peroxiredoxin II (Prx II) is an efficient antioxidant enzyme, which were highly expressed in skin tissues of psoriasis patient. However, the detailed mechanical functions of Prx II on psoriatic skin remain to be elucidated. Present study showed that depletion of Prx II results in alleviation of symptoms of IMQ-induced psoriasis in mice, but no significant differences in the amounts of serum inflammatory factors. Prx II-knockdown HaCaT cells were susceptible to H2O2-induced apoptosis mediated by Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum through 1,4,5-triphosphate receptors (IP3Rs), the PI3K/AKT pathway and phosphorylated GSK3ß (Ser9) were significant downregulated. Additionally, significantly reduced sensitivity of Prx II-knockdown HaCaT cells to apoptosis was evident post NAC, 2-APB, BAPTA-AM, SC79 and LiCl treated. These results suggest that Prx II regulated apoptosis of keratinocytes via the PI3K/AKT/GSK3ß signaling axis. Furthermore, treatment with the Prx II inhibitor Conoidin A significantly alleviated psoriatic symptoms in IMQ model mice. These findings have important implications for developing therapeutic strategies through regulate apoptosis of keratinocytes in psoriasis, and Prx II inhibitors may be exploited as a therapeutic drug to alleviate psoriatic symptoms.

6.
Pain Res Manag ; 2022: 3458056, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711611

RESUMO

Background: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is aimed to shorten patients' recovery process and improve clinical outcomes. This study aimed to compare the outcomes between the ERAS program and the traditional pathway among patients with ankle fracture and distal radius fracture. Methods: This is a multicenter prospective clinical controlled study consisting of 323 consecutive adults with ankle fracture from 12 centers and 323 consecutive adults with distal radial fracture from 13 centers scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation between January 2017 and December 2018. According to the perioperative protocol, patients were divided into two groups: the ERAS group and the traditional group. The primary outcome was the patients' satisfaction of the whole treatment on discharge and at 6 months postoperatively. The secondary outcomes include delapsed time between admission and surgery, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications, functional score, and the MOS item short form health survey-36. Results: Data describing 772 patients with ankle fracture and 658 patients with distal radius fracture were collected, of which 323 patients with ankle fracture and 323 patients with distal radial fracture were included for analysis. The patients in the ERAS group showed higher satisfaction levels on discharge and at 6 months postoperatively than in the traditional group (P < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, patients with distal radial fracture in the ERAS group were more satisfied with the treatment (P=0.001). Furthermore, patients with ankle fracture had less time in bed (P < 0.001) and shorter hospital stay (P < 0.001) and patients with distal radial fracture received surgery quickly after being admitted into the ward in the ERAS group than in the traditional group (P=0.001). Conclusions: Perioperative protocol based on the ERAS program was associated with high satisfaction levels, less time in bed, and short hospital stay without increased complication rate and decreased functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Tornozelo , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Fraturas do Rádio , Adulto , Fraturas do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 824-831, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385651

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Biomechanical factors are important factors in inducing intervertebral disc degeneration, in this paper, the nonlinear viscoelastic mechanical properties of degenerated intervertebral discs were analyzed experimentally. Firstly, the loading and unloading curves of intervertebral discs before and after degeneration at different strain rates were compared to analyze the changes of their apparent viscoelastic mechanical properties; The internal stress/strain distribution of the disc before and after degeneration was then tested by combining digital image technology and fiber grating technology. The results show that the intervertebral disc is strain-rate- dependent whether before or after degeneration; The modulus of elasticity and peak stress of the degenerated disc are significantly reduced, with the modulus of elasticity dropping to 50 % of the normal value and the peak stress decreasing by about 55 %; Degeneration will not change the distribution of the overall internal displacement of the intervertebral disc, but has a greater impact on the superficial and middle AF; The stress in the center of the nucleus pulposus decreases, and the stress in the outer AF increases after degeneration. Degeneration has a great impact on the nonlinear viscoelastic mechanical properties of intervertebral disc, which has reference value for the mechanism, treatment and prevention of clinical degenerative diseases.


RESUMEN: Los factores biomecánicos son importantes en la inducción de la degeneración del disco intervertebral. En este estudio se analizaron experimentalmente las propiedades mecánicas viscoelásticas no lineales de los discos intervertebrales degenerados. En primer lugar se compararon las curvas de carga y descarga de los discos intervertebrales, antes y después de la degeneración, a diferentes velocidades de deformación para analizar los cambios aparentes de sus propiedades mecánicas viscoelásticas. La distribución interna de tensión/deformación del disco antes y después de la degeneración se probó luego combinando tecnología de imagen digital y tecnología de rejilla de fibra. Los resultados mostraron que el disco intervertebral depende de la velocidad de deformación antes o después de la degeneración; El módulo de elasticidad y la tensión máxima del disco degenerado se reducen significativamente, cayendo el módulo de elasticidad al 50 % del valor normal y la tensión máxima disminuyendo en aproximadamente un 55 %; La degeneración no cambiará la distribución del desplazamiento interno general del disco intervertebral, pero tiene un mayor impacto en la FA superficial y media; El estrés en el centro del núcleo pulposo disminuye y el estrés en el FA externo aumenta después de la degeneración. La degeneración tiene un gran impacto en las propiedades mecánicas viscoelásticas no lineales del disco intervertebral, que tiene valor de referencia para el mecanismo, tratamiento y prevención de enfermedades clínicas degenerativas.


Assuntos
Estresse Mecânico , Viscosidade , Dinâmica não Linear , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Módulo de Elasticidade , Modelos Biológicos
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(2): 172-7, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of reconstruction the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament with autologous peroneus brevis tendon for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability. METHODS: The clinical data of 42 patients with chronic lateral ankle instability treated by anatomical reconstruction of anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament with autologous peroneus brevis tendon from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 30 males and 12 females, age ranged from 25 to 46 years old with an average of (37.6±12.4) years. There were 15 cases of left foot and 27 cases of right foot, the time from injury to operation was 3 to 12 months with a mean of (7.4±2.8) months. And 14 patients had tenderness in lateral collateral ligament area, 28 patients complained of multiple ankle sprains while walking on the flat ground. At 12 months after operation, the talar tilt angle and visual analogue scale(VAS)were observed, ankle joint varus stress and anterior drawer test were performed to check the mechanical stability of the ankle joint, American Orhopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) was used to score the ankle and hindfoot functions and evaluate the curative effect. RESULTS: Forty patients were followed up for 12 to 48 months with an average of (28.3±10.0) months, 2 cases were lost. The VAS decreased from(4.50±0.93) scores before surgery to (1.10±0.30) scores at 12 months after surgery;the talar tilt angle was reduced from (12.26±1.13)° before operation to (4.60±0.45)° at 12 months after operation;the AOFAS score increased from (65.10±7.50)scores before surgery to (84.40±3.95) scores at 12 months after surgery;all the differences were statically significant(P<0.05). According to the AOFAS score, 27 cases got excellent results, 7 good, 5 fair, and 1 poor. One patient had the symptoms of sural nerve injury after operation, and the symptoms were relieved after oral Mecobalamin for 3 months. The remaining patients had no complications such as nerve injury, infection, and skin necrosis. There was no instability of ankle joint, and both ankle varus stress test and drawer test were negative. CONCLUSION: Autologous peroneal brevis tendon with double bone channel pass through the tendon (modified Chrisman-Snook operation) can anatomically reconstruct the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament, restore the stability of the patient's ankle joint, reduce postoperative complications, and restore ankle joint function well.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Adulto , Tornozelo , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tendões
9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(10): 13926-13940, 2021 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030134

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin II (Prx II) is involved in proliferation, differentiation, and aging in various cell types. However, Prx II-mediated stem cell regulation is poorly understood. Here, dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs), cell-growth factor-rich conditioned medium from DMSCs (DMSC-CM), and DMSC-derived exosomes (DMSC-Exos) were used to explore the regulatory role of Prx II in DMSC wound healing. Following treatment, wound healing was significantly decelerated in Prx II-/- DMSCs than in Prx II+/+ DMSCs. In vitro stimulation with 10 µM H2O2 significantly increased apoptosis in Prx II-/- DMSCs compared with Prx II+/+ DMSCs. The mRNA expression levels of EGF, b-FGF, PDGF-B, and VEGF did not significantly differ between Prx II-/- and Prx II+/+ DMSCs. Fibroblasts proliferated comparably when treated with Prx II+/+ DMSC-CM or Prx II-/- DMSC-CM. Wound healing was significantly higher in the Prx II-/- DMSC-Exos-treated group than in the Prx II+/+ DMSCs-Exos-treated group. Moreover, microRNA (miR)-21-5p expression levels were lower and miR-221 levels were higher in Prx II-/- DMSCs than in Prx II+/+ DMSCs. Therefore, our results indicate that Prx II accelerated wound healing by protecting DMSCs from reactive oxygen species-induced apoptosis; however, Prx II did not regulate cell/growth factor secretion. Prx II potentially regulates exosome functions via miR-21-5p and miR-221.


Assuntos
Derme/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Animais , Apoptose , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/ultraestrutura , Deleção de Genes , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Cicatrização/genética
10.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 27(2): 156-161, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to describe the all-inside arthroscopic technique for repairing anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) avulsion fractures at the attachment points of the fibula and talus, and to evaluate the functional outcomes during long-term follow-up. METHODS: The data of 78 patients with ATFL avulsion fracture treated in our hospital from August 2013 to November 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent surgery. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had undergone all-inside arthroscopic treatment or open treatment. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS), Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and a 36-item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) were used to evaluate functional outcomes. RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up period was 24-48 months. All patients reported subjective improvements to ankle stability without any nerve, blood vessel or tendon complications. At the final follow-up, there was no significant difference in the AOFAS, SF-36 or sport participation rate between the arthroscopic group and the open group; however, the KAFS and FAOS were significantly higher in the arthroscopic group than in the open group. CONCLUSIONS: For ATFL avulsion fractures, the all-inside ankle arthroscopic procedure produced better outcomes than did the open procedure. The all-inside ankle arthroscopic procedure provides a minimally invasive technique with acceptable long-term functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artroscopia , Fratura Avulsão/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Masculino , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Bioorg Chem ; 107: 104529, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339665

RESUMO

In our screening program for new biologically active secondary metabolites, nine new polycyclic polyprenyled acylphloroglucinols, hyperscabins D-L, together with three known compounds, were obtained from the aerial parts of Hypericum scabrum. The chemical structures of 1-9 were characterized by extensive spectroscopic analyses, nuclear magnetic resonance calculation with DP4+ probability analysis, and the electronic circular dichroism spectra were calculated. Compound 1 was an unusual prenylated acylphloroglucinol decorated with a 5-oxaspiro [4,5] deca-1,9-dione skeleton. Compound 2 was a newly identified spirocyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol possessing a rare 5,5-spiroketal segment. Compounds 3, 8, and 10 (10 µM) exhibited pronounced hepatoprotective activity against d-galactosamine-induced WB-F344 cell damage in vitro assays. All test compounds (1, 3, and 7-12) demonstrated potential inhibitory effects at 10 µM against noradrenalinet ([3H]-NE) reuptake in rat brain synaptosome.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Hemiterpenos/farmacologia , Hypericum/química , Floroglucinol/análogos & derivados , Floroglucinol/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Animais , Antidepressivos/síntese química , Antidepressivos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Hemiterpenos/síntese química , Hemiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Captação de Neurotransmissores/síntese química , Inibidores da Captação de Neurotransmissores/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Captação de Neurotransmissores/farmacologia , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Floroglucinol/isolamento & purificação , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Substâncias Protetoras/síntese química , Substâncias Protetoras/isolamento & purificação , Ratos , Sinaptossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinaptossomos/metabolismo
12.
Foot Ankle Int ; 42(4): 458-463, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of plantar fasciitis may require surgical intervention in patients with ineffective response to conservative treatment. There is a lack of evidence regarding the differences in clinical outcomes between the endoscopic and the mini-open procedures. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the endoscopic partial plantar fasciotomy via 2 medial portals with mini-open partial plantar fasciotomy for treating refractory plantar fasciitis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out on 62 patients with refractory plantar fasciitis from January 2015 to July 2017. Thirty-three patients received endoscopic partial plantar fasciotomy, while the other 29 received mini-open procedure by patient preference. Two medial portals were used in the endoscopic group while single mini-medial method was used in the open group. All patients were followed up for 24 months. The pain visual analog scale (VAS), the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, the calcaneodynia score (CS), and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) were employed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the 2 groups. RESULTS: There was increase in the functional scores (eg, VAS, AOFAS, CS, and SF-36) in both groups recorded at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. The patients in the endoscopic group had better VAS, AOFAS, CS, and SF-36 scores at 3 months after the surgery compared with those of the open group. During the 6-month follow-up, although the 2 groups showed similar VAS and AOFAS, the CS and SF-36 scores of the endoscopic group were significantly higher than those of the open group. During the 1-year and 2-year follow-ups, the endoscopic group gained equivalent VAS, AOFAS, CS, and SF-36 scores compared with those of the open group. The recurrence rate was similar in both groups. Moreover, the patients in the endoscopic group achieved earlier recovery in comparison to those in the open group. CONCLUSION: For refractory plantar fasciitis, endoscopic partial plantar fasciotomy via 2 medial portals produced better short-term and equivalent long-term subjective outcomes than the mini-open surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, comparative study.


Assuntos
Fasciíte Plantar , Fasciíte Plantar/cirurgia , Fasciotomia , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Orthop Surg ; 12(6): 1799-1810, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of horizontal mattress suture vs free-edge suture in the all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould procedure. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 68 chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) patients who underwent either a horizontal mattress suture or a free-edge suture all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould procedure from January 2014 to January 2017. Patients were divided into two groups based on the suture fashion during the all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould procedure. In the horizontal mattress suture group (n = 31), anchor sutures were used to suture the ATFL, capsule, and inferior extensor retinaculum in horizontal mattress suture fashion. In the free-edge suture group (n = 37), anchor sutures were used to suture the ATFL, capsule, and inferior extensor retinaculum in free-edge suture fashion. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS), Anterior Talar Translation (ATT), the rate of return to sports, and ankle proprioceptive recovery were compared in both groups. RESULTS: The operative times and duration of hospitalization between the two groups were comparable (all P > 0.05). The VAS, AOFAS, ATT, the rate of return to sports, and ankle proprioceptive recovery were comparable between the horizontal mattress suture and free-edge suture groups at 1 and 2 years after surgery. Patients of the free-edge suture group achieved better KAFS 1 and 2 years after the surgery compared with those of the horizontal mattress suture group. In both groups, incisions were healed by first intention, and complications such as infection, implant reactions, tendon injury, and nervous or vascular injuries were not observed. The ankle proprioceptive recovery in horizontal mattress suture and free-edge suture groups showed no significant differences at 1 and 2 years after surgery. The mean time of the return to full activity for patients in the horizontal mattress suture group was 10.38 ± 2.02 (range 8 to 12) weeks vs 8.63 ± 2.31 (range 8 to 12) weeks for those in the free-edge suture group (P = 0.001, power = 0.907). The exercise participation rates were comparable between groups (P > 0.05). At the 2-year follow-up, all patients regained normal activities and ankle stability, and no recurrence of CLAI or revision surgery was recorded. CONCLUSION: All-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould surgery for the treatment of CLAI ensures a better functional effect (KAFS) and better recovery time when free-edge suture is used instead of horizontal mattress suture.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volta ao Esporte , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 59(6): 1197-1200, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828632

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the surgical technique and long-term clinical outcomes of all-inside arthroscopic treatment for flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon impingement syndrome. We retrospectively evaluated 34 FHL tendon impingement syndrome patients with complete follow-up data who were admitted from June 2015 to August 2018 and underwent the all-inside arthroscopy technique. The subjects consisted of 20 (58.82%) males and 14 (41.18%) females, with a mean age of 32.7 ± 10.2 (range 21-52) years. The cases consisted of 19 (55.88%) right and 15 (44.12%) left feet. The mean disease duration was 18.5 ± 9.1 (range 10-43) months. The visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS), Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS), and 36-item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) scores for pain were 3.6 ± 1.2, 84.1 ± 9.6, 86.3 ± 10.7, and 94.7 ± 9.3, respectively. All patients were treated with all-inside posterior arthroscopy for the debridement of the FHL tendon sheath combined with partial muscle belly resection. Post-operative follow-up and observation of the patients' pain and ankle movement were evaluated using VAS, AOFAS, KAFS, and SF-36. All incisions were healed in the first stage, and no complications such as nerve, blood vessel, or tendon injuries occurred. The hospital stays were 3 to 5 days, with a mean of 3.7 ± 1.3 days. All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with a mean follow-up time of 25.4 ± 8.5 months. By the last follow-up, the ankle joint and hallux movement were normal and returned to the pre-pain state for these patients. The VAS score decreased to 0.2 ± 0.1, while the AOFAS, KAFS, and SF-36 scores increased to 97.7 ± 8.5, 97.9 ± 8.2, and 118.2 ± 8.4, respectively. Advantages of all-inside posterior arthroscopic partial muscle belly resection for the treatment of FHL tendon impingement syndrome include small surgical trauma, fast functional recovery, and reliable outcomes. This procedure is therefore worthy of clinical attention and promotion.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Tendões , Tendões , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Transferência Tendinosa , Tendões/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Injury ; 51(8): 1899-1904, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) reconstruction is routinely undertaken to manage chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). This study evaluated the effects on clinical outcome of preserving or not preserving the ATFL remnant when reconstructing the ATFL. METHODS: From January 2015 to July 2017, 53 CLAI patients with ATFL injury were randomized to undergo either a remnant-preserving (preservation of ATFL) or a non-preserving (no preservation of ATFL) anatomic reconstruction of the ATFL using an ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon autograft. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS), Anterior Talar Translation (ATT), and ankle proprioceptive recovery in both groups were compared. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for at least 2 years, VAS, AOFAS, KAFS, ATT and ankle proprioception between two the groups were not statistically significant different. CONCLUSION: There are no differences at 2.5 years in postoperative ankle function, stability and proprioceptive recovery when an ipsilateral free semitendinosus tendon autograft is used to manage CLAI regardless of preservation of the remnant ATFL.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Instabilidade Articular , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia
17.
Orthop Surg ; 12(3): 957-963, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the safety of the corona mortis of the minimally invasive plate insertion in treatment of the anterior pelvic ring fracture by studying the relationship between the vessel and the position of plate. METHOD: The corona mortis was dissected out of eight adult cadavers and were simulated for the insertion of the anterior ring minimally invasive plate, and the presence of the anastomotic branch (the corona mortis) in the suprapubic branch area was observed. After the Corona mortis stripped off, the data was measured, such as the length, vessel diameter, distance from the pubic tubercle, and the maximum vertical distance between the corona mortis and the pubis. The measured data and the previous literatures were analyzed to study the morphology of the corona mortis and the position relation between the corona mortis and the placement of subperiosteal tunnel through the minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach. RESULTS: Out of the 16 unilateral pelvises, the corona mortis were observed on 12 unilateral pelvises with an incidence rate of 75%. Amongst them, there were seven cases of vein anastomosis (incidence of 43.75%), three cases of arterial anastomosis (incidence of 18.75%), and two cases of both arterial anastomosis and vein anastomosis (incidence of 12.5%). The corona mortis length ranged between 24.5 and 37.5 mm (average of 30.7 ± 3.6 mm); the diameter ranged between 1.6 and 3.5 mm (average of 2.5 ± 0.5 mm) and the distance between the vessels and the pubic tubercle was between 53.9 and 65.2 mm (average of 59.0 ± 3.6 mm). Above the pubis, the corona mortis originated from the iliac or the inferior epigastric vessel. It crossed the pubic branch to the dorsal side of the pubis and proceeded downward to anastomize with the obturator vessels near the obturator. Toothless tweezers were used to peel and lift up the corona mortis from the pubic bone. The maximum vertical distance between the corona mortis and the pubis ranged between 8.8 and 18.3 mm (average of 12.6 ± 3.0 mm). CONCLUSION: The corona mortis have a high rate of incidence, with a large number of differences in the type and shape of blood vessels among patients. Following peeling, the movement between the corona mortis and pubic bone is limited. Nevertheless, the plate and bone exfoliator still passed safely. Therefore, when surgeons use the minimally invasive ilioinguinal approach to establish channels, the process of subperiosteal stripping must be performed to avoid any accidental injury.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/anatomia & histologia , Ossos Pélvicos/irrigação sanguínea , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Adulto , Cadáver , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
18.
Orthop Surg ; 12(2): 505-514, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional outcomes of arthroscopic anatomical repair of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) in the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) during medium- and long-term follow-up. METHODS: From September 2014 to August 2017, the data of 37 patients (23 males, 14 females; 12 left ankles, 25 right ankles) aged between 21 and 56 years, with an average age of 32.17 ± 6.35 years, presenting with CLAI, was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 32 injuries were caused by sprain and five injuries were caused by car accidents. The course of the disease lasted for 12 to 60 months, with an average of 26.07 ± 13.29 months. All patients had intact skin around the ankle and no skin lesions. All patients underwent arthroscopic anatomical repair of ATFL, with the fixation of one to two anchors. Pre- and post-operative visual analogue scales (VAS), the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score (AOFAS), and the Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS) were compared to evaluate the curative effect of the operation. RESULTS: The operation was successful in all 37 cases. The operation time ranged from 40 to 75 min, with an average of 51.25 ± 11.49 min. After surgery, all incisions healed in stage I and there were no complications such as nerve, blood vessel and tendon injury, implant rejection, or suture rejection. Hospital stays of postoperative patients were 3 to 5 days, with an average of 3.77 ± 1.36 days. All patients were followed for 24 to 45 months, averaging 33.16 ± 10.58 months. For three patients with CLAI combined with mild limitation of subjective ankle movement, joint activity was normal after rehabilitation function exercise and proprioceptive function training for 2 months. At the final follow-up, ankle pain had disappeared completely. The ankle varus stress test and ankle anterior drawer test were both negative. Range of joint motion was good. There was no lateral instability of the ankle and all patients returned to normal gait. The mean VAS score decreased to 1.12 ± 0.13, the AOFAS score increased to 92.53 ± 4.87, and the KAFS score increased to 93.36 ± 6.15. All the follow-up indexes were significantly different from those before surgery. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic anatomical repair of ATFL for CLAI is precise, with less surgical trauma and reliable medium- and long-term effect.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artroscopia , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Foot Ankle Int ; 41(6): 721-727, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould technique gained particular attention among clinicians and researchers due to its high rate of satisfactory results. Thus far, there is a lack of evidence regarding the differences in clinical outcomes between the use of 1 anchor and 2 anchors. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in clinical function and activity levels in patients treated with 1 or 2 anchors in all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). METHODS: The data of 75 patients with CLAI (unilateral) admitted from May 2013 to July 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with all-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould surgery. The patients were divided into a single-anchor group (n = 36) and double-anchor group (n = 39) according to the number of anchors used. There was no statistical difference in general characteristics between the 2 groups before surgery. After 36 to 72 months of follow-up, the pain visual analog scale (VAS) score, American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Karlsson Ankle Functional Score (KAFS), and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) were used to evaluate and compare the clinical function results between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The incidence of wound complications; reaction to the suture; injury to the nerve, blood vessel, or tendon; and length of postoperative hospitalization were similar between the 2 groups. At the last follow-up, there was no significant difference in the VAS and AOFAS scores between single- and double-anchor groups, but the KAFS and FAOS in the double-anchor group were significantly higher than in the single-anchor group. Additionally, more patients in the double-anchor group returned to preinjury sports activities. CONCLUSION: All-inside arthroscopic Broström-Gould surgery for the treatment of CLAI yielded a better functional effect and better recovery to preinjury mobility when 2 anchors were used instead of a single anchor. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, comparative study.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Âncoras de Sutura , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor
20.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 133-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs) are pluripotent stem cells found in the skin which maintain the thickness of the dermal layer and participate in skin wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MTT assay was performed to detect cell proliferation and cell-cycle progression and cell-surface markers were assessed by flow cytometry. The levels of proteins in related signaling pathways were detected by western blotting assay and the translocation of ß-catenin into the nucleus were detected by immunofluorescence. Red oil O staining was performed to examine the differentiational ability of DMSCs. RESULTS: Knockout of PRDX2 inhibited DMSC cell growth, and cell-cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase; p16, p21 and cyclin D1 expression levels in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs were significantly increased. Furthermore, AKT phosphorylation were significantly increased in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs, GSK3ß activity were inhibited, result in ß-Catenin accumulated in the nucleus. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these results demonstrated that PRDX2 plays a pivotal role in regulating the proliferation of DMSCs, and this is closely related to the AKT/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Fase G1/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fosforilação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , beta Catenina/genética
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