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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 382-387, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859802

RESUMO

Intraspinal inflammatory and immune responses are considered to play central roles in the pathological development of spinal cord injury. This study aimed to decipher the dynamics of systemic immune responses, initiated by spinal cord injury. The spinal cord in mice was completely transected at T8. Changes in the in vivo inflammatory response, between the acute and subacute stages, were observed. A rapid decrease in C-reactive protein levels, circulating leukocytes and lymphocytes, spleen-derived CD4+ interferon-γ+ T-helper cells, and inflammatory cytokines, and a marked increase in neutrophils, monocytes, and CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ regulatory T-cells were observed during the acute phase. These systemic immune alterations were gradually restored to basal levels during the sub-acute phase. During the acute phase of spinal cord injury, systemic immune cells and factors showed significant inhibition; however, this inhibition was transient, and the indicators of these serious disorders gradually returned to baseline levels during the subacute phase. All experiments were performed in accordance with the institutional animal care guidelines, approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Experimental Animal Center of Drum Tower Hospital, China (approval No. 2019AE01040) on June 25, 2019.

2.
Food Chem ; 335: 127596, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745840

RESUMO

The ciprofloxacin (CIP) abuse has caused many problems threatening to human health. Here, we design the quantum dot microsphere (QDM) based immunochromatographic quantitative CIP test strip: when the sample under detection contains CIP, the QDM-monoclonal antibody (mAb) probes bound with the CIP and cannot be captured by CIP-bovine serum albumin (BSA) conjugation dispersed on the T lines, reducing the fluorescence intensities. These test strips can provide a low detection limit of 0.05 ng/mL and a wide linear detection range from 0.1 ng/mL to 100 ng/mL in high sensitivity and accuracy as well as good selectivity, reproducibility and stability. Moreover, a smartphone based test strip reader with the size of 85 mm × 48 mm × 44 mm is also fabricated using 3-D printing to automatically and quantitatively detect CIP. The whole process of CIP detection can be finished within 15 min, but only cost ~1 RMB (10 cents).

3.
J Atten Disord ; : 1087054720959712, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Some static network studies have suggested that the community structure in the brains of ADHD patients is altered. However, ADHD is now increasingly regarded as a disorder of neural dynamics, but the dynamic reconstruction of brain communities in ADHD patients is far from being understood. METHOD: Forty-two ADHD patients and fifty healthy controls participated in this study. We constructed a multilayer network model and calculated several metrics for quantifying community reconstruction at different levels. Results: Regardless of the level of research, the flexibility and cohesion of the ADHD patients were significantly higher than those of controls. In addition, the frontal lobe of ADHD patients presented a phenomenon of increasing peripheral areas and decreasing core areas. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that ADHD patients do have abnormalities in dynamic community structure. These evidences provide a new perspective that advances the present understanding of the dynamic organizational principles of communities in ADHD.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020793

RESUMO

The volume change and concurrent stress evolution of electrode materials during the cycling of lithium-ion batteries can cause severe mechanical issues such as the fracture of active materials and electrodes, thus leading to safety issues and capacity fading. Recent years have witnessed a thriving interest to gain a complete understanding of battery electrode materials from the viewpoint of mechanics. This review paper aims at discussing battery electrode materials from a mechanical perspective to provide an overview of the recent innovative efforts in this field. On the one hand, we introduce the mechanical issues of active materials and electrodes in the electrochemical processes, along with a focus on the strategies developed for enhancing the mechanical strength of electrode materials and constructing mechanically robust electrodes. On the other hand, experimental and theoretical studies on the stress-regulated effects on electrochemical processes are discussed to demonstrate the intriguing role of mechanical stress as an enabler in electrochemistry. We also give an outlook on the promising research topics for understanding the material mechanical issues, reinforcing electrode materials and improving battery performance.

5.
Helicobacter ; : e12761, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection may be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the reported researches have given conflicting results. AIMS: To investigate the association between H pylori infection and risk of atherosclerotic CVD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studies were retrieved in Embase, PubMed, Web of Science (published from Jan 1, 1990, to Jan 31, 2020, language restrictions: English). All studies included used data from case-control studies and cohort studies of cardiovascular adverse events. Random effect models were used to measure pooled estimates. All data were analyzed with Stata 11.2 SE (StataCorp, College Station, TX). RESULTS: Helicobacter pylori infection increased the risk of adverse cardiovascular events by 51% (40 studies, n = 19 691, odd ratio [OR] = 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34-1.70). The effect was greater for studies that the type of CVDs was myocardial infarction (MI) and cerebrovascular disease (MI OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.42-2.26, cerebrovascular disease OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.27-1.89). Meanwhile, CagA seropositive H pylori strains were associated with a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events based on published research data (OR = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.40-2.14). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, H pylori infection enhanced the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular adverse events, especially in some patients with MI and cerebrovascular disease. This study will provide guidance for the targeted prevention and treatment of CVDs. But this association need to be confirmed by more prospective studies.

6.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(11): e9798, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053117

RESUMO

Osteoblast differentiation is an effective way to promote bone formation. Long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated 1 (TUG1) has been identified as a crucial modulator of multiple biological processes. This study was designed to investigate the function of TUG1 in the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast precursor cells hFOB1.19. In this study, we found that TUG1 promoted hFOB1.19 cell proliferation, while TUG1 knockdown hindered cell proliferation. TUG1 and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CNR2) were upregulated, while miR-545-3p was down-regulated in hFOB1.19 cells undergoing osteoblastic differentiation. TUG1 induced osteoblast differentiation by increasing alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the expression of osteoblastic differentiation markers. TUG1 was a sponge of miR-545-3p and regulated osteoblastic differentiation by modulating miR-545-3p. Moreover, miR-545-3p directly targeted CNR2 and restored the effect of CNR2 on osteoblastic differentiation. In conclusion, TUG1 accelerated the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts by sponging miR-545-3p and increasing CNR2 expression, which might provide a new biomarker for bone diseases.

7.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105244, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053440

RESUMO

Diabetic erectile dysfunction (DED) hugely affected the patients' sexual life quality. However, there are no satisfactory therapeutic methods and intervention targets for this subtype of erectile dysfunction (ED). Inspired by the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), we found that hirudin, the main active ingredient in the leech, could ameliorate the ED symptoms of the DED mouse model. To further reveal the underlying mechanism of hirudin, we designed a novel strategy to discover potential targets based on the diagnostic system of TCM, and found that myeloperoxidase (MPO) was a the promising target of hirudin. Hirudin directly interacts with MPO and inhibits its activity, thus further decreases the content of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in serum. Our results demonstrated that the hirudin could ameliorate the symptoms of DED, and revealed the underlying mechanism of hirudin in regulating the activity of MPO.

8.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changed position of thoracic aorta relative to spine in patients with left thoracic scoliosis and to analyze the potential risks of thoracic aorta injury from pedicle screw insertion in these patients. METHODS: Twenty patients with left thoracic scoliosis (Group A) and fifteen normal subjects with a straight spine (Group B) were included. Axial CT images from T5 to T12 of all these subjects were obtained to measure the aorta-vertebral angle (AVA). The percentages of thoracic aorta located anteriorly to the screw trajectory were calculated on both left and right sides. RESULTS: The average AVA in Group A was significantly larger than that in Group B at each level (P<0.05) except T5. In Group A, both left and right pedicle screws might pose threats to the thoracic aorta. The percentages of aorta-at-risk from right pedicle screw were high in the apical region. However, in Group B, only left pedicle screw might pose threats to the aorta. No aorta was found to be at risk of injury from right pedicle screw insertion in Group B. CONCLUSIONS: The thoracic aorta often lies anteriorly to left pedicle screw trajectory in normal subjects, especially in the lower thoracic region. However, the thoracic aorta moves to the right side in patient with left thoracic scoliosis, making a large proportion of patients had the aorta at risk of injury from right pedicle screw insertion in the apical region.

9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045746

RESUMO

Designing biochemical systems that can be effectively used in diverse fields, including diagnostics, molecular computing and nanomachines, has long been recognized as an important goal of molecular programming and DNA nanotechnology. A key issue in the development of such practical devices on the nanoscale lies in the development of biochemical components with information-processing capacity. In this article, we propose a molecular device that utilizes DNA strand displacement networks and allows interactive inhibition between two input signals; thus, it is termed a cross-inhibitor. More specifically, the device supplies each input signal with a processor such that the processing of one input signal will interdict the signal of the other. Biochemical experiments are conducted to analyze the interdiction performance with regard to effectiveness, stability and controllability. To illustrate its feasibility, a biochemical framework grounded in this mechanism is presented to determine the winner of a tic-tac-toe game. Our results highlight the potential for DNA strand displacement cascades to act as signal controllers and event triggers to endow molecular systems with the capability of controlling and detecting events and signals.

10.
Plant Genome ; 13(2): e20022, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016607

RESUMO

The maize C system of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) and its fertility restoration gene Rf4 have been widely used for maize hybrid production; however, the underlying mechanism is still uncertain. The sterility factor functions in mitochondria, where it interacts directly or indirectly with the restorer. Mitoproteomics can capture all participants involved in CMS and restoration at the organelle level. In the present study, we identified and quantified anther mitochondrial proteins from CMS, maintainer and restorer lines. We obtained 14,528 unique peptides belonging to 3,369 proteins. Comparative analysis of 1840 high-confidence proteins revealed 68 were differentially accumulated proteins likely involved in CMS or its restoration within mitochondria. These proteins were mainly associated with fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism and protein-processing pathways. These results suggest that an energy deficiency caused by the sterility factor hinders other proteins or protein complexes required for pollen development through nuclear-mitochondrial interaction. The restorer factor may boost the energy generation by activating alternative metabolic pathways and by improving the post-translation processing efficiency of proteins in energy-producing complexes to restore pollen fertility. Our findings may aid detailed molecular analysis and contribute to a better understanding of maize CMS-C restoration and sterility.

11.
Neurosurgery ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbosacral spondylolisthesis-induced scoliosis is a rare clinical entity. Sagittal reconstruction and the coronal curve evolution after surgery for spondylolisthesis have not been investigated in depth. OBJECTIVE: To compare the curve characteristics between sciatic scoliosis and olisthetic scoliosis and to further investigate the effects of lumbosacral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on scoliosis evolution. METHODS: Adolescents with sciatic scoliosis group (SS group) or olisthetic scoliosis group (OS group) who underwent L5/S1 TLIF from 2010 to 2017 and were followed up for at least 2 yr were retrospectively reviewed. Radiographic parameters and patient-reported outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: There were 20 patients in the SS group (M/F: 8/12; age: 15.6 ± 2.2 yr) and 16 in the OS group (M/F: 6/10; age: 16.8 ± 2.5 yr). Both groups had similar preoperative Cobb angles, but more patients with coronal imbalance were observed in the SS group. Moreover, the OS group showed significantly larger L5 tilt and rotation. After surgery, the slip reduction rate of the SS group and OS group were 76.1% ± 12.4% and 79.4% ± 9.6%, respectively. Scoliosis resolution was observed in all patients in the SS group but only in 9 patients (56.2%) in the OS group. Patients with failed scoliosis resolution in the OS group were older and had a larger Cobb angle and L5 rotation compared with those with successful scoliosis resolution. CONCLUSION: Lumbosacral TLIF can achieve satisfactory slip reduction and scoliosis resolution. Sciatic scoliosis often presents with coronal imbalance but also a preferable curve prognosis. A large Cobb angle and L5 rotation may hinder the resolution of olisthetic scoliosis.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(19)2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998340

RESUMO

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) laser scanning, as an emerging form of near-ground light detection and ranging (LiDAR) remote sensing technology, is widely used for crown structure extraction due to its flexibility, convenience, and high point density. Herein, we evaluated the feasibility of using a low-cost UAV-LiDAR system to extract the fine-scale crown profile of Larix olgensis. Specifically, individual trees were isolated from LiDAR point clouds and then stratified from the point clouds of segmented individual tree crowns at 0.5 m intervals to obtain the width percentiles of each layer as profile points. Four equations (the parabola, Mitscherlich, power, and modified beta equations) were then applied to model the profiles of the entire and upper crown. The results showed that a region-based hierarchical cross-section analysis algorithm can successfully delineate 77.4% of the field-measured trees in high-density (>2400 trees/ha) forest stands. The crown profile generated with the 95th width percentile was adequate when compared with the predicted value of the existing field-based crown profile model (the Pearson correlation coefficient (ρ) was 0.864, root mean square error (RMSE) = 0.3354 m). The modified beta equation yielded slightly better results than the other equations for crown profile fitting and explained 85.9% of the variability in the crown radius for the entire crown and 87.8% of this variability for the upper crown. Compared with the cone and 3D convex hull volumes, the crown volumes predicted by our profile models had significantly smaller errors. The results revealed that the crown profile can be well described by using UAV-LiDAR, providing a novel way to obtain crown profile information without destructive sampling and showing the potential of the use of UAV-LiDAR in future forestry investigations and monitoring.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22483, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare, low-grade malignancy that occurs primarily in the parotid gland and is most common in women aged 60 to 70 years. Cases of parotid EMC have been reported previously. Furthermore, some studies have suggested an increased risk of salivary gland tumors with secondary primary malignancies. There have been few reports of parotid EMC with other primary tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old Chinese man visited the hospital with a complaint of a mass on his left cheek that had persisted for 20 years. Routine pulmonary computed tomography showed a local ground glass shadow in the lower lobe of the right lung. DIAGNOSIS: The pathological diagnosis of lung was right lower lobe lung adenocarcinoma (pT1N0). Immunohistochemistry analysis showed that cytokeratin (CK)-7, NapsinA, and thyroid transcription factor-1 tested positive, while CK5/6, P40, and ALKD5F3 tested negative. The pathological diagnosis of left parotid gland: EMC. On immunohistochemistry staining, the outer cells expressed myoepithelial markers, such as CK5/6, P63, smooth muscle actin, while the inner cells expressed glandular epithelial markers, such as low-molecular-weight CK7 and CK8. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent resection of the lung and parotid tumors, and received preventive radiotherapy in the parotid gland area. OUTCOMES: The patient is in good condition. No symptom recurrence, distant metastatic spread or significant toxicity occurred during or after the treatment. The patient remains under regular surveillance. CONCLUSION: We report a rare case of parotid EMC with a second primary lung adenocarcinoma. This case is the third case of primary lung cancer associated with parotid EMC reported to date and the first to be reported in nearly 30 years.

14.
Environ Res ; 192: 110259, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a recognized human carcinogen, raising global concern for its ubiquitously environmental exposure on public health. Diabetogenic effects of cadmium have been suggested in previous studies, but the longitudinal associations of chronic cadmium exposure with fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus have not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term cadmium exposure on the fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk in a longitudinal prospective study of China. METHODS: A total of 3521 urban adults were included as baseline study population from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort, and followed up three years later. Urinary cadmium concentrations were determined repeatedly during the follow-up of a three-year period. The within-person and between-person variability of urinary cadmium concentrations over three years was estimated using multilevel random-effects mixed models. Multivariate regression models were performed to evaluate the associations of cadmium exposure with fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk. RESULTS: The geometric means of creatinine-corrected urinary cadmium concentration at baseline were 1.13 µg/g creatinine, which were close to the levels of follow-up (1.14 µg/g creatinine). The intra-class correlation coefficient of creatinine-corrected urinary cadmium concentrations was 0.71, achieving good reproducibility of cadmium over three years. With adjustment for potential confounders, each one-unit increase in log10-transformed cadmium was associated with a 0.11 (95%CI: 0.03 to 0.19) elevation in fasting blood glucose concentration, and was associated with a 42% (95%CI: 1.16 to 1.73) increase in risk of prevalent type 2 diabetes mellitus. Upward trends of fasting blood glucose changes and type 2 diabetes mellitus incidence were observed with increasing cadmium exposure. Individuals with the highest urinary cadmium exposure had a significant increase in fasting blood glucose change at follow-up [ß (95% CI): 0.49 (0.31-0.67)]. Risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus were gradually elevated across increasing quartiles of cadmium exposure, though associations did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that relatively high chronic cadmium exposure for general population adults might contribute to elevated changes of fasting blood glucose resulting in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142522, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short-term effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure on lung function have been reported. However, few studies have assessed PM2.5 exposure on the personal level, and the mechanism underlying the effects of PM2.5 exposure on lung function remains less clear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between personal PM2.5 exposure and lung function alteration in general population and to explore the roles of systematic inflammation and oxidative damage in this association. METHODS: A total of 7685 lung function tests were completed among 4697 urban adults in Wuhan, China. Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin-F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were measured. Personal PM2.5 exposure levels were estimated using an estimation model from the actual measurements of individual PM2.5 levels in 191 participants. Mixed linear models were used to evaluate the association between personal PM2.5 exposure and lung function. Mediation analyses were conducted to investigate the roles of CRP, 8-iso-PGF2α and 8-OHdG in above associations. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, each 10 µg/m3 increase in the previous-day personal PM2.5 exposure was associated with 2.94 mL, 2.02 mL and 16.14 mL/s decreases in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiration volume in 1 s (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow, respectively. The associations were more obvious among never smokers compared with current smokers. Cumulative 7-day exposure to PM2.5 led to the strongest adverse effects on lung function. Among never smokers with high PM2.5 exposure levels, a positive relationship was observed between personal PM2.5 level and urinary 8-iso-PGF2α, and 8-iso-PGF2α meditated 4.69% and 12.30% of the association between the 7-day moving PM2.5 concentration and FVC and FEV1, respectively. We did not observe a significant positive association between PM2.5 exposure and plasma CRP or urinary 8-OHdG. CONCLUSION: Short-term personal exposure to PM2.5 is associated with reduced pulmonary ventilation function. Urinary 8-iso-PGF2α partly mediates these associations.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 614-625, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039860

RESUMO

The fabrication of high-performance and stable electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is of importance for sustainable water-splitting technologies. Herein, the cobalt (Co) nanoparticles and molybdenum carbide (Mo2C) heterostructures anchored N-doped carbon (Co/Mo2C@NC-800) was designed as bifunctional electrocatalyst for overall water splitting via a simple pyrolysis approach for metal organic frameworks (MOFs) precursor. This composite shows a remarkable performance for HER and OER with a small overpotential of 121 mV and 311 mV at 10 mA cm-2, respectively. When the optimized electrocatalyst was employed as both anode and cathode for overall water splitting in a two-electrode system, the electrolyzer achieves a low cell voltage of 1.67 V at 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH, as well as a superior and stable long-time operation of 30 h. The promising hybrid material demonstrates excellent electrocatalysis performance due to effective combination of the best of both worlds: Mo2C with remarkable HER performance and Co nanoparticles with excellent OER activity. The Mo2C possesses strong hydrogen binding energy and Co exhibits prominent electrical conductivity, thus the construction of heterostructures achieves more active sites with different functions and significantly boosts HER and OER process. The novel and effective synthesis strategy provides new insights into the design of outstanding non-noble metal bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting.

17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 171: 112718, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059165

RESUMO

It is of significance to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in whole blood using transportable instruments at the point of care to assist evaluating chemotherapeutic efficacy and recurrence risk of cancer patients. However, the current widely used detection methods either require expensive and complex equipments, need complicated enrichment steps, or produce high rates of false positive and/or negative results. Aiming for solving the two critical challenges involved in instrumentation miniaturization and simplification of sample preparation for POCT of CTCs without sacrificing the detection sensitivity and accuracy, this work reports a custom-built, automatic, large field-of-view microscopic CTC cytometer and a novel enrichment strategy based on a synthesized peptide ligand discovered from One-Bead One-Compound library screening. The custom-built microscope has compact size, low weight and efficient cost while still maintaining a detection limit of as low as 5 target objects. The simplified sample preparation utilized a novel peptide LXW7 functionalized to magnetic beads and allows for rapid, highly selective and sensitive detection of CTCs. This analytical platform may fulfill the unmet need for possible point-of-care CTC counting, and provide a new option for early diagnosis of cancers and convenient evaluation of chemotherapeutic efficacy and cancer recurrence.

18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 610, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent right umbilical vein (PRUV) is characterized by atresia of the left umbilical vein while the right umbilical vein remains open. Given the limited sample size of most studies, the incidence of PRUV and the status of concomitant anomalies may not be fully reflected. Thus, we studied the incidence of fetal PRUV and its concomitant anomalies on a larger scale using our hospital database. This study hoped to address the following questions: Does PRUV increase the risk of fetal anomalies? If the PRUV fetus also has a single umbilical artery (SUA), does the risk of fetal anomaly increase further? What is the positive predictive value of PRUV for fetal anomalies? METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 756 cases of fetal PRUV at our hospital from January 2007 to April 2017. Prenatal ultrasound and color Doppler images were assessed. All PRUV fetuses underwent echocardiography and detailed ultrasound examinations of other systems. Newborn status was obtained via the database or by telephone follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 435,428 pregnant women underwent prenatal ultrasonography at 16-40 weeks, the incidence of fetal PRUV was 0.17%, and 102 fetuses (13.5%) developed other anomalies. Two complicated cases had trisomy 18. PRUV was associated with a higher incidence of fetal anomalies. When fetal anomalies were classified by body systems, PRUV was associated with a higher incidence of cardiovascular, nervous, urinary, skeletal, digestive, and respiratory system anomalies. The positive predictive values of a PRUV for any fetal anomalies and cardiovascular anomalies were 13.5% (95%CI, 11.2-16.2%) and 5.4% (95%CI, 4.0-7.3%), respectively. SUA further increases the risk of PRUV fetuses with other anomalies and cardiovascular anomalies. CONCLUSIONS: Detailed prenatal ultrasonography and echocardiography should be performed in fetuses with PRUV to rule out anomalies in other systems. When the PRUV is combined with SUA, echocardiography is particularly important. Fetuses with complicated PRUV should undergo chromosomal examination. Although isolated fetal PRUV prognosis is good, complicated PRUV prognosis depends on the type and severity of the concomitant anomalies.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055018

RESUMO

Leaf image recognition techniques have been actively researched for plant species identification. However it remains unclear whether analysing leaf patterns can provide sufficient information for further differentiating cultivars. This paper reports our attempt on cultivar recognition from leaves as a general very fine-grained pattern recognition problem, which is not only a challenging research problem but also important for cultivar evaluation, selection and production in agriculture. We propose a novel local R-symmetry co-occurrence method for characterising discriminative local symmetry patterns to distinguish subtle differences among cultivars. Through scalable and moving R-relation radius pairs, we generate a set of radius symmetry co-occurrence matrices (RsCoM) and their measures for describing the local symmetry properties of interior regions. By varying the size of the radius pair, the RsCoM measures local R-symmetry co-occurrence from coarse to fine scales. We constructed three leaf image databases, SoyCultivar, CottCultivar, and PeanCultivar, for an extensive experimental evaluation on recognition across soybean, cotton and peanut cultivars. Encouraging experimental results of the proposed method in comparison with the state-of-the-art leaf species recognition methods demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for cultivar identification, which may advance the research in leaf recognition from species to cultivar.

20.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185120963900, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for detecting breast cancer was high and the specificity was relatively low. However, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has a high specificity in the diagnosis of malignant lesions. PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of the multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) in distinguishing the breast malignant lesions from the benign lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library electronic databases was conducted up to March 2020. Data were analyzed for the following indexes: pooled sensitivity and specificity; positive likelihood ratio; negative likelihood ratio; diagnostic odds ratio; and the area under the curve. RESULTS: A total of 2356 patients with 1604 malignant and 967 benign breast lesions were included from 22 studies. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio, and area under the curve for mp-MRI were 0.93, 0.85, 6.3, 0.08, 81, and 0.96, respectively. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve for DCE-MRI alone were 0.95, 0.71, and 0.92, respectively. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve for DWI alone were 0.88, 0.84, and 0.93, respectively. CONCLUSION: The mp-MRI did not improve the sensitivity but increased the specificity for the diagnosis of breast malignant lesions.

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