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1.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113956, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023801

RESUMO

Penicillin fermentation dreg (PFD) is a solid waste discharged by pharmaceutical enterprises in the fermentation production process. Due to the residual antibiotic of PFD, the risk of antibiotic resistance bacteria (ARB) generation should be considered in the disposal process. High-throughput quantitative PCR (HT-qPCR) and 16S rRNA gene sequencing were performed to investigate the effect of PFD on the dynamics of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and bacterial community during a lab-scale soil experiment. After the application of PFD, the bacterial number and diversity showed an obvious decrease in the initial days. The abundances of Streptomyces and Bacillus, which are the most widespread predicted source phyla of ARGs, increased remarkably from 4.42% to 2.59%-22.97% and 21.35%. The increase of ARGs was observed during the PFD application and the ARGs carried by PFD itself contributed to the initiation of soil ARGs. The results of redundancy analysis (RDA) show that the shift in bacterial community induced by variation of penicillin content is the primary driver shaping ARGs compositions.

2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 18-23, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027247

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy, related side-effectt and long-term survival condition of Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) patients treated with second generation TKI dasatinib and chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). METHODS: Clinical data of 19 newly diagnosed as Ph+ ALL patients treated by dasatinib, chemotherapy and allo-HSCT from January 2012 to September 2018 were collectd and analyzed. RESULTS: There were 10 males and 9 females with median age of 29 years old. 14 patients were BCR/ABL P190 positive while 5 with BCR/ABL P210 positive. Three patients had complex karyotype, and 3 cases were confirmed to have central nervous system leukemia. All the patients received treatment with the induction chemotherapy regimen of VDCLP and consolidation regimens such as HD-MTX and MAE. 11 patients (57.9%) received dasatinib during induction chemotherapy, 3 patients (15.8%) received dasatinib after remission and 5 patients (26.3%) received dasatinib to replace imatinib. Side-effect appeared in 3 patients including rash, edema and nausea. All the patients got morphological remission and 7 patients(63.6%) got MMR after 4 weeks of induction chemotheraphy. 17 patients (89.5%) got MMR and 15 patients(78.9%) got CMR before allo-HSCT. All the patients received related bone marrow and peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from related donors, the median time of WBC and platelet engraftment were 12 d and 14 d after transplantation, respectively. The incidence rate of aGVHD and cGVHD were 42.1% and 57.9% respectivety. 13 patients received therapy of dasatinib after HSCT but 7 patients discontinued because of severe headache, vomiting and serious effusions. All the patients were followed-up for the median time of 42 months, the 3-year and 5-year OS both were 94.4%, and 3-year and 5-year RFS of 81.9% and 71.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: First-line administration of dasatinib and chemotherapy followed by allo-HSCT for treatment of Ph+ALL is effective and patients can well-tolerate, the patients long-tern survival maybe superior to that of the patients treated with first generation TKI.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 715: 136730, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007871

RESUMO

Although graphene exhibited excellent performance, its capability of electrochemical catalytic oxidation would significantly improve by modification via sulfur (S)-doping. However, due to the complicated doping species of heteroatoms, the detailed mechanism was still remained open for discussion. Thus, this first-attempt study tended to decipher such mechanism behind the direct and indirect oxidation by analyzing S species in S-graphene. The density functional theory (DFT) was adopted for reactive center calculation and confirmation of secondary active species, to discuss the degradation pathway. As the experimental and calculation results, the thiophene structure S was more favorable for electron acceptation in direct oxidation. Chloride reactive species, as the most effective secondary functionalities (rather than •OH), were favorably generated on the edge doped S position than thiophene structured S in defects, to further trigger the indirect oxidation. However, the extensive contents of reactive functionalities could act as trap for self-annihilation of chloride reactive species, resulting in poor electrocatalytic degradation of the pollutants. This study deepened the understanding of heteroatoms doping for electrochemical catalytic oxidation.

4.
Food Chem ; 315: 126273, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032832

RESUMO

Sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) is a high-protein food with the potential to release certain peptides through enzymolysis. This work is to explore the characteristics of peptides released from Stichopus japonicus protein in the process of digestion. Hydrolysates were obtained by gastrointestinal digestion and fractioned to <3, 3-10, 10-30 and >30 kDa fractions. Fifty-eight peptides from <3 kDa fraction were characterized using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Hydrolysates could improve glucose uptake of 3 T3-L1 cells and high insulin-induced insulin-resistant Hep G2 cells. Molecular docking showed that the released peptides had similar binding mode with anagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor. The <3 kDa fraction in gastro and intestinal digestion showed the greatest DPP-IV inhibitory potency (IC50 0.51 and 0.52 mg/mL, respectively). The results indicated that sea cucumber could be used as a functional food to release antidiabetic peptides through gastrointestinal digestion.

5.
Acta Biomater ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035282

RESUMO

Damaged articular cartilage has limited self-healing capabilities, leading to degeneration that affects millions of people. Although cartilage tissue engineering is considered a promising approach for treatment, robust and long-term chondrogenesis within a 3-dimensional (3D) scaffold remains a major challenge for complete regeneration. Most current approaches involve incorporation of transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) into the scaffold, but have limited utility owing to the short functional half-life and/or rapid clearance of TGF-ß. In this study, we have tested the incorporation of graphene oxide nanosheets (GO) within a photopolymerizable poly-D, l-lactic acid/polyethylene glycol (PDLLA) hydrogel, for its applicability in sustained release of the chondroinductive growth factor TGF-ß3. We found that with GO incorporation, the hydrogel scaffold (GO/PDLLA) exhibited enhanced initial mechanical strength, i.e., increased compressive modulus, and supported long-term, sustained release of TGF-ß3 for up to 4 weeks. In addition, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) seeded within TGF-ß3 loaded GO/PDLLA hydrogels displayed high cell viability and improved chondrogenesis in a TGF-ß3 concentration-dependent manner. hBMSCs cultured in GO/PDLLA also demonstrated significantly higher chondrogenic gene expression, including aggrecan, collagen type II and SOX9, and cartilage matrix production when compared to cultures maintained in GO-free scaffolds containing equivalent amounts of TGF-ß3. Upon subcutaneous implantation in vivo, hBMSC-seeded TGF-ß3-GO/PDLLA hydrogel constructs displayed considerably greater cartilage matrix than their TGF-ß3/PDLLA counterparts without GO. Taken together, these findings support the potential application of GO in optimizing TGF-ß3 induced hBMSC chondrogenesis for cartilage tissue engineering. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this work, we have developed a graphene oxide (GO) incorporated, photocrosslinked PDLLA hybrid hydrogel for localized delivery and sustained release of loaded TGF-ß3 to seeded cells. The incorporation of GO in PDLLA hydrogel suppressed the burst release of TGF-ß3, and significantly prolonged the retention time of the TGF-ß3 initially loaded in the hydrogel. Additionally, the GO improved the initial compressive strength of the hydrogel. Both in vitro analyses and in vivo implantation results showed that the GO/PDLLA constructs seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) showed significantly higher cartilage formation, compared to GO-free scaffolds containing equivalent amount of TGF-ß3. Findings from this work suggest the potential application of the GO-TGF/PDLLA hydrogel as a functional scaffold for hMSC-based cartilage tissue engineering.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062610

RESUMO

Chondrocyte apoptosis and extracellular matrix (ECM) degeneration have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Based on previously reported microarray analysis, HRAS (Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog), a member of the RAS protein family, was chosen as a potential regulator of OA chondrocyte apoptosis and ECM degradation. HRAS expression was downregulated in OA tissues, particularly in mild-OA tissues. HRAS overexpression partially attenuated IL-1ß-induced OA chondrocyte apoptosis and ECM degradation. Similar to HRAS, the long non-coding RNA LINC00623 was downregulated in OA tissues. LINC00623 knockdown enhanced IL-1ß-induced OA chondrocyte apoptosis and ECM degradation, which could be partially reversed by HRAS overexpression. It has been reported that lncRNAs act as ceRNAs of miRNAs to exert their function. Herein, miR-101 was predicted to bind to both LINC00623 and HRAS, which was further confirmed by luciferase reporter and RIP assays. LINC00623 competed with HRAS for miR-101 binding, therefore reducing the inhibitory effect of miR-101 on HRAS expression. More importantly, the effect of LINC00623 was partially eliminated by miR-101 inhibition. Overall, the LINC00623/miR-101/HRAS axis modulates OA chondrocyte apoptosis, senescence and ECM degradation through MAPK signaling, which might play a critical role in OA development.

7.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 18(2): 143-150, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic strategies for clinical stage T1-3N2 (cT1-3N2) lung cancer are controversial. For operable tumors, treatment can vary by center, region, and continent. This study aimed to identify the optimal therapeutic method and type of surgical strategy for cT1-3N2 lung cancer. METHODS: This retrospective evaluation analyzed the records of 17,954 patients with cT1-3N2 lung cancer treated in 2010 through 2015 from the SEER database. The effects of different therapeutic methods and types of surgical strategies on overall survival (OS) were assessed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The 5-year OS rates were 27.7% for patients with T1N2 disease, 21.8% for those with T2N2 disease, and 19.9% for T3N2 disease. Neoadjuvant therapy plus operation (OP) plus adjuvant therapy, and OP plus adjuvant therapy, provided better 5-year OS rates than OP alone or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (34.1%, 37.7%, 29.3%, and 16.1%, respectively). In the T1N2, T2N2, and T3N2 groups, lobectomy provided better 5-year OS than pneumonectomy, sublobectomy, and no surgery. Both univariate and multivariate analyses showed that young age, female sex, well-differentiated histologic grade, adenocarcinoma cell type, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy, lobectomy, and T1 stage were statistically associated with better 5-year OS rates. CONCLUSIONS: In cT1-3N2 lung cancer, multimodal treatments tended to provide better 5-year OS than OP alone or concurrent chemoradiotherapy. In addition, lobectomy was associated with better survival than other operative methods.

8.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) inhibitors have shown efficacy in first line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, evidence of PD-1 inhibitor as neoadjuvant treatment is limited. This is a phase 1b study to evaluate the safety and outcome of PD-1 inhibitor in neoadjuvant setting. METHODS: Treatment-naïve patients with resectable NSCLC (stage IA-IIIB) received two cycles of sintilimab (200 mg, intravenously, day 1/22). Surgery was performed between day 29-43. PET-CT was obtained at baseline and prior to surgery. Primary endpoint was safety. Efficacy endpoints included rate of major pathologic response (MPR) and objective response rate (ORR). PD-L1 expression was also evaluated. (Registration Number: ChiCTR-OIC-17013726). RESULTS: Forty patients enrolled, all of whom received 2 doses of sintilimab, and 37 underwent radical resection. Twenty-one (52.5%) patients experienced neoadjuvant treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Four (10.0%) patients experienced grade 3-4 neoadjuvant TRAEs, and one patient had grade 5 TRAE. Eight patients achieved radiological partial response, resulting in an ORR of 20.0%. Among 37 patients, 15 (40.5%) achieved MPR, including 6 (16.2%) with a pathologic complete response in primary tumor and 3 (8.1%) in lymph nodes as well. Squamouse cell NSCLC exhibited superior response compared to adenocarcinoma (MPR: 48.4% VS. 0%). Decrease of maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) after sintilimab treatment correlated with pathological remission (p<0.00001). Baseline PD-L1 expression of stromal cells instead of tumor cells was correlated with pathological regression (p=0.0471). CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant sintilimab was tolerable for NSCLC patients and 40.5% MPR rate is encouraging. The decrease of SUVmax after sintilimab might predict pathologic response.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016259

RESUMO

Two efficient photosensitizers (PSs) with aggregation-induced emission characteristics were designed and synthesized for specific lysosome-targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT). Both PSs efficiently discriminated Gram-positive bacteria from Gram-negative bacteria and killed Gram-positive bacteria through the PDT effect.

10.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460915, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008824

RESUMO

Considering the huge difference of biological toxicity, it is extremely significant to recognize the exact content of arsenic species in actual samples. In this paper, a novel pretreatment technique for the efficient extraction of arsenic species from herbal samples is developed by dual-frequency ultrasound-assisted enzymatic digestion (DUED). The preservation of arsenic original form, reduction of the actual analysis time, environmental friendliness and free-interference in subsequent detection make this method over the traditional method such as wet digestion, ashing and some solvent extraction technologies. The combination of DUED and atomic fluorescence spectrometry realize the speciation analysis of arsenic in traditional Chinese medicine. The optimizations of experimental parameters have been achieved, and the potential mechanism is discussed. The experimental data showed that cellulase is suitable for the digestion of herbal matrix than α-amylase and papain. Ultrasound can significantly increase the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of biological molecules, especially under dual-frequency ultrasound irradiation. The highest relative extraction efficiency can be obtained by combining 40 kHz ultrasonic bath (UB) with 20 kHz ultrasonic probe (UP). Two certified reference materials [CRMs, GBW(E)090066 and GBW(E)090067] and four practical herbs were used to evaluate the accuracy and practicability of the method. Inorganic arsenic, including trivalent arsenic and pentavalent arsenic, was the main species in the four herbal samples.

11.
J Control Release ; 320: 363-380, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001299

RESUMO

Macrophages, an important component of the innate immune response, are a key regulator of intestinal microenvironment homeostasis. These cells essentially contribute to chronic inflammatory diseases due to their strong plasticity. As is known, ulcerative colitis (UC), a chronic inflammatory disease, is closely related to immune dysfunction. A growing body of evidence suggests that the macrophage is a promising drug target for modulating the intestinal immune systems and regulating the inflammatory microenvironment, thus alleviating the inflammatory responses in UC. The macrophage-based therapy strategies for UC are still at an emerging stage. The advanced drug delivery systems can improve the macrophage-based therapy. This article will review the molecular mechanisms related to macrophage polarization and the interactions between signaling pathways that regulate the pathogenesis of UC and summarize the macrophage-based nanotherapeutic strategies in UC.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109961, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028241

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a malignant tumor originated from the epithelium of gastric mucosa, its incidence is second only to lung cancer in China. Chemotherapy is one of the most effective methods to treat GC, but some patients are insensitive to chemotherapeutic drugs, leading to chemotherapy failure. In this study, the expression of FAM83H-AS1 was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines, and was related to differentiation, invasion depth and chemotherapy insensitivity of GC patients. FAM83H-AS1 was high-expressed in chemoresistant GC tissues and cell line (SGC7901/R), and silence of FAM83H-AS1 sensitized SGC7901/R cells to cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). In addition, silence of FAM83H-AS1 could inactivate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway in SGC7901/R cells. The activating of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway reversed the promoting effect of FAM83H-AS1 silence on chemotherapy sensitivity, which meant Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway mediated the regulation of FAM83H-AS1 on chemotherapy sensitivity in SGC7901/R cells. In conclusion, FAM83H-AS1 is related with the CDDP and 5-FU insensitivity of GC patients, silence of FAM83H-AS1 promotes chemosensitivity of GC through Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054160

RESUMO

Objective: This study was conducted to reveal potential metabolic differences of dairy cows fed corn stover (CS) and rice straw (RS) instead of alfalfa hay (AH) as main forage source. Methods: Thirty multiparous mid-late lactation Holstein dairy cows were selected and randomly assigned to three diets, AH, CS, or RS (n = 10). After 13 weeks of the feeding trial, coccygeal arterial and superficial epigastric venous plasma samples were collected before morning feeding for gas chromatography time-of-flight/mass spectrometry analyses. Results: In the artery, 8 and 13 metabolites were detected as differential metabolites between AH and CS, and between AH and RS, respectively. The relative abundance of phenylpropanoate [log2fold change (FC)] = 1.30, 1.09), panthenol (log2FC = 2.36, 2.20), threitol (log2FC = 1.00, 1.07), and 3,7,12-trihydroxycoprostane (log2FC = 0.79, 0.78) were greater in both CS and RS than in AH, and tyrosine (log2FC = -0.32), phenylalanine (log2FC = -0.30), and pyruvic acid (log2FC = -0.30) were lower in RS than in AH. In the vein, 1 and 7 metabolites were detected as differential metabolites between AH and CS, and between AH and RS, respectively. By comparing AH and RS, we found that metabolic pathways of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis and phenylalanine metabolism were enriched by integrative artery and vein analysis. Furthermore, AH and RS, arterial phenylpropanoate and 4-hydroxyproline were positively, and phenylalanine was negatively correlated with milk urea nitrogen. Finally in AH and CS, arterial panthenol was negatively correlated with feed efficiency. Conclusion: Arterial metabolic profiles changed more than those in the veins from animals on three forage diets, differing in amino acids. We found that phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis and phenylalanine metabolism were restricted when cows were fed low-quality cereal straw diets.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(5): 4979, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048738
15.
Brain Res Bull ; 157: 10-17, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004659

RESUMO

The neuroinflammatory response is considered a crucial event in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurotoxic amyloid ß (Aß) oligomers activate neuronal glial cells, leading to the elevated generation of a large variety of inflammatory factors. Therefore, the regulation of interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) activity is believed to be a potential target for AD therapy. However, previous evidence of the role of IL-1R in AD-related neuroinflammation is ambiguous. To reveal the exact role of IL-1R in AD and related inflammatory reactions, we generated IL-1R-/- AD mice. Based on the Morris water maze results, 4-month-old IL-1R-/- AD mice showed better learning and memory ability than that of AD mice. However, IL-1R-/- had little influence on amyloid precursor protein proteolysis, while IL-1R-/- increased ADAM17 expression level. Surprisingly, IL-1R-/- even enhanced glial activation. IL-1R-/- indeed attenuated inflammatory cytokine secretion, especially that of cytokins associated with M1 polarization, while it led to increased levels of some cytokins associated with M2 polarization. Finally, we found that IL-1R-/- reduced the phagocytic ability of microglia. Taken together, these results suggest that IL-1R deficiency may alleviate cognitive deficits in AD mice in a manner that is partially dependent on ADAM17 regulation and microglia M2 repolarization.

16.
Water Res ; 171: 115466, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927094

RESUMO

Intense pressure on water resources has led to efforts to reuse reclaimed processing wastewater for cleaning purposes in food processing plants. The milk industry produces considerable amounts of wastewater, which can be used for cleaning of equipment after appropriate treatment. However, due to naturally occurring microbiological contamination in raw milk, the wastewater is often contaminated, and therefore the reuse of reclaimed wastewater is perceived as risky. This study aims to quantify the risks of Listeria monocytogenes infection and associated disease burden when wastewater reclaimed from milk processing operations is used in cleaning-in-place (CIP) systems for pasteurized fluid milk production following a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) approach. Furthermore, this study aims to inform risk-based tolerable limits for levels of contamination in CIP water based on a public health target of 10-6 DALY per person annually. The suggested model investigates the passage of L. monocytogenes throughout the fluid milk chain, from receipt of raw milk at the plant to the point of consumption and covering storage in receiving and storage tanks, pasteurization, and storage at retail and at home. Risk and disease burden estimates are simulated for general (younger than 65 years), elderly (65 years and older) and pregnant population subgroups. Additional scenarios covering the effect of using clean water, using water with different levels of contamination and using reclaimed wastewater modeled as recovered from cheese whey after membrane filtration (reclaimed water scenario) are considered to estimate a risk-based limit of contamination and simulate a real-life example. The tolerable limit of contamination in CIP water was estimated as -2 log10 CFU/mL to ensure the protection of the most vulnerable subgroup, pregnant women, while higher limits were estimated for the elderly and general subgroups. Under the reclaimed water scenario, the annual number of listeriosis cases was estimated as 3.36, 5.67, and 0.15 for the general, elderly and pregnant population subgroups, respectively, while in the clean water scenario, the estimates were 3.33, 5.56 and 0.15, respectively. In both scenarios, the DALY estimates were lower than the tolerable limit. The results indicate that reclaimed water can be an alternative to potable water for CIP applications.


Assuntos
Listeria monocytogenes , Animais , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Leite , Gravidez , Medição de Risco , Águas Residuárias
17.
Plant Dis ; : PDIS08191628RE, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951509

RESUMO

Chili anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum spp. is an annual production concern for growers in China. Sterol C14-demethylation inhibitors (DMIs, such as tebuconazole) have been widely used to control this disease for more than three decades. In the current study, of 48 isolates collected from commercial chili farms in Jiangsu Province of China during 2018 and 2019, 8 single-spore isolates were identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and the rest were identified as C. acutatum. To determine whether the DMI resistance of isolates develops in the field, mycelial growth of the 48 isolates was measured in culture medium with and without tebuconazole. In all, 6 of the 8 C. gloeosporioides isolates were resistant to tebuconazole, but all 40 of the C. acutatum isolates were sensitive to tebuconazole. The fitness cost of resistance was low based on a comparison of fitness parameters between the sensitive and resistant isolates of C. gloeosporioides. Positive cross-resistance was observed between tebuconazole and difenconazole or propiconazole, but not prochloraz. Alignment results of the CgCYP51 amino acid sequences from the sensitive and resistant isolates indicated that mutations can be divided into three genotypes. Genotype I possessed four substitutions (V18F, L58V, S175P, and P341A) at the CgCYP51A gene but no substitutions at CgCYP51B, while genotype II had five substitutions (L58V, S175P, A340S, T379A, and N476T) at CgCYP51A, concomitant with three substitutions (D121N, T132A, and F391Y) at CgCYP51B. In addition, genotype III contained two substitutions (L58V and S175P) at CgCYP51A, concomitant with one substitution (T262A) at CgCYP51B. Molecular docking models illustrated that the affinity of tebuconazole to the binding site of the CgCYP51 protein from the resistant isolates was decreased when compared with binding site affinity of the sensitive isolates. Our findings provide not only novel insights into understanding the resistance mechanism to DMIs, but also some important references for resistance management of C. gloeosporioides on chili.

18.
FEBS J ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953914

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the major autoimmune destructive disease of joints with a complicated pathogenesis. The contribution of tumor necrosis factor-like ligand 1A (TL1A) in RA pathogenesis, especially on fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), has been suggested clinically. The present study investigated the role of TL1A in mitochondrial dysfunction, induced oxidative stress in mitochondria, apoptosis resistance and the inflammatory response in FLS obtained from RA patients (RA-FLS). RA-FLS were incubated with TL1A and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2) antagonist. Respiratory function, mitochondrial membrane potential and respiration associated genes of mitochondria were measured in both TL1A stimulated and non-stimulated RA-FLS. Additionally, the effects of TL1A on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in mitochondria, apoptosis and the inflammatory response in RA-FLS were also assessed. The role of TL1A in association between ROS generation, especially mitochondrial type and the inflammatory response, was evaluated by measuring inflammation-related cytokines and signaling pathways using ROS inhibitors, diphenyleneiodonium chloride and Mito-TEMPO (Sigma-Aldrich, Miamisburg, OH, USA). We found that TL1A induced mitochondrial dysfunction by weakening mitochondrial respiration and membrane potential, which was blocked by a TNFR2 antagonist. Increased ROS synthesis in impaired mitochondria was observed with MitoSOX (Invitrogen, CA, USA) immunofluorescence staining in TL1A-stimulated RA-FLS but inhibited by a TNFR2 antagonist. TL1A influenced apoptosis resistance and inflammatory mediators via TNFR2. Inhibition of mitochondria-derived ROS compromised the production of inflammatory factors in TL1A-stimulated RA-FLS, suggesting that mitochondrial dysfunction mediated by the TL1A/TNFR2 axis might amplify the inflammatory response via regulation of mitochondria-derived ROS generation. Collectively, our results reveal that TL1A might be involved in making FLS more aggressive in RA pathogenesis via cell respiration interruption.

19.
Obes Surg ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although bariatric surgery can achieve sustained weight loss, there are major differences in the magnitude of weight change post-operatively. Reduced resting energy expenditure (REE) plays an important role in unsatisfactory weight loss effect by contributing to positive energy balance. OBJECTIVES: To identify pre- and post-surgical predictors related to satisfactory percent of total weight loss (%TWL) in Chinese individuals with obesity after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 97 ethnic Chinese with mean body mass index (BMI) of 37.2 kg/m2, focusing on body composition, anthropometric and metabolic energy expenditure parameters, and %TWL before and 6 months after LSG. Patients were divided post-operatively into those with or without satisfactory %TWL (%TWL ≥ 20%). Multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors. RESULTS: Satisfactory %TWL was achieved in 53 (54.6%) patients 6 months after surgery. The univariate analysis of post-operative variables showed that patients with satisfactory %TWL had significantly higher resting energy expenditure/body weight (REE/BW) and lower respiratory quotient (RQ) than those who did not (P < 0.001). Multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that REE/BW and RQ were closely associated with satisfactory %TWL (P = 0.004, P = 0.023, respectively). %TWL was positively correlated with changes in BMI, percent of fat-free mass (FFM%), REE/BW, and RQ. CONCLUSIONS: Higher REE/BW and lower RQ resulting from LSG correlated with satisfactory %TWL in Chinese patients with obesity. The maintenance of FFM might be an important factor linking %TWL and REE/BW.

20.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-5, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We analyzed characteristics of tornado-related injuries and medical impact on a county-level hospital in China in June 23, 2016. The objective of this study was to describe and analyze local government rescue responses following the tornado. METHODS: County hospital medical records of 288 tornado-related injury patients were collected. Descriptive analyses to study injury characteristics and associated risk factors were performed. RESULTS: Of the studied population, 84% of the wounded were older than 45 years. Only 30 (10.4%) people were sent to the hospital for treatment within 3 hours following the disaster. Heavy objects or collapsing houses accounted for 191 (66.3%) of the documented injuries. The proportion of people with resulting brain injuries was 46.2% of the entire injured population, and the incidence of lower extremity injuries was 27.8%. A total of 89.6% of the wounded had skin and soft tissue injuries. Multiple injuries were found in 129 (44.8%) people and 156 had a single injury (54.2%), and 3 cases with acute stress disorder were admitted to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Preparation plans, including tornado warnings, prevention, and rescue, are a basic requirement for the mitigation of tornado-related injuries. Protection awareness of tornado disasters is also critical to ensure injury prevention.

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