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1.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1353433, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558854

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical epidemiological characteristics including clinical features, disease prognosis of pneumococcal meningitis (PM), and drug sensitivity of S. pneumoniae isolates in Chinese children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical, laboratory microbiological data of 160 hospitalized children less than 15 years of age with PM from January 2019 to December 2020 in 33 tertiary hospitals in China. Results: A total of 160 PM patients were diagnosed, including 103 males and 57 females The onset age was 15 days to 15 years old, and the median age was 1 year and 3 months. There were 137 cases (85.6%) in the 3 months to <5 years age group, especially in the 3 months to <3 years age group (109 cases, 68.2%); S. pneumoniae was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture in 95(35.6%), and 57(35.6%) in blood culture. The positive rates of S. pneumoniae detection by CSF metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS)and antigen detection method were 40.2% (35/87) and 26.9% (21/78). Fifty-five cases (34.4%) had one or more predisposing factors of bacterial meningitis; and 113 cases (70.6%) had one or more extracranial infection diseases Fever (147, 91.9%) was the most common clinical symptom, followed by vomiting (61, 38.1%) and altered mental status (47,29.4%). Among 160 children with PM, the main intracranial imaging complications were subdural effusion and (or) empyema in 43 cases (26.9%), hydrocephalus in 24 cases (15.0%), cerebral abscess in 23 cases (14.4%), intracranial hemorrhage in 8 cases (5.0%), and other cerebrovascular diseases in 13 cases (8.1%) including encephalomalacia, cerebral infarction, and encephalatrophy. Subdural effusion and (or) empyema and hydrocephalus mainly occurred in children < 1 years old (90.7% (39/43) and 83.3% (20/24), respectively). 17 cases with PM (39.5%) had more than one intracranial imaging abnormality. S. pneumoniae isolates were completely sensitive to vancomycin (100.0%, 75/75), linezolid (100.0%,56/56), ertapenem (6/6); highly sensitive to levofloxacin (81.5%, 22/27), moxifloxacin (14/17), rifampicin (96.2%, 25/26), and chloramphenicol (91.3%, 21/23); moderately sensitive to cefotaxime (56.1%, 23/41), meropenem (51.1%, 23/45) and ceftriaxone (63.5, 33/52); less sensitive to penicillin (19.6%, 27/138) and clindamycin (1/19); completely resistant to erythromycin (100.0%, 31/31). The cure and improvement rate were 22.5% (36/160)and 66.3% (106/160), respectively. 18 cases (11.3%) had an adverse outcome, including 6 cases withdrawing treatment therapy, 5 cases unhealed, 5 cases died, and 2 recurrences. S. pneumoniae was completely susceptible to vancomycin (100.0%, 75/75), linezolid (100.0%, 56/56), and ertapenem (6/6); susceptible to cefotaxime, meropenem, and ceftriaxone in the order of 56.1% (23/41), 51.1% (23/45), and 63.5 (33/52); completely resistant to erythromycin (100.0%, 31/31). Conclusion: Pediatric PM is more common in children aged 3 months to < 3 years old. Intracranial complications mostly occur in children < 1 year of age with fever being the most common clinical manifestations and subdural effusion and (or) empyema and hydrocephalus being the most common complications, respectively. CSF non-culture methods can facilitate improving the detection rate of pathogenic bacteria. More than 10% of PM children had adverse outcomes. S. pneumoniae strains are susceptible to vancomycin, linezolid, ertapenem, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, rifampicin, and chloramphenicol.


Assuntos
Empiema , Hidrocefalia , Meningites Bacterianas , Meningite Pneumocócica , Derrame Subdural , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Adolescente , Meningite Pneumocócica/diagnóstico , Meningite Pneumocócica/tratamento farmacológico , Meningite Pneumocócica/epidemiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Ceftriaxona/uso terapêutico , Vancomicina , Linezolida/uso terapêutico , Ertapenem/uso terapêutico , Meropeném/uso terapêutico , Levofloxacino , Moxifloxacina/uso terapêutico , Rifampina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Derrame Subdural/tratamento farmacológico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Meningites Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Cefotaxima , Eritromicina/uso terapêutico , Cloranfenicol , Empiema/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrocefalia/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Analyst ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526507

RESUMO

Detection of pathogens is one of the key concerns for hospitals, the food industry, water suppliers, or other environmental engineering practices because pathogens can cause a wide range of infectious risks. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common pathogens that are hazardous to human health and its existence is an important index to the safety of food, environmental sanitation, or medical products. In this study, we prepared an electrode with designed surface multilevel 3D micro/nano protrusions for facile and efficient S. aureus detection. The existence of these multilevel protrusions enhanced the adsorption of S. aureus. Hence, the detection limit could be as low as 10 CFU mL-1. Furthermore, the electrode was also successfully used to detect S. aureus in actual samples, such as milk and artificial human tissue fluid. It was found that the recovery of the reported approach showed no significant difference from that of the traditional plate count method. However, compared with the plate count method, the detection process of our approach is much more time-saving and easy-operating. These advantages of the approach we report, such as high sensitivity, reliability, quickness, and user-friendliness, make it a potential platform for detecting S. aureus in relation to the food industry and clinical diagnosis.

3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 26(2): 131-138, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of pneumococcal meningitis (PM), and drug sensitivity of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) isolates in Chinese children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical information, laboratory data, and microbiological data of 160 hospitalized children under 15 years old with PM from January 2019 to December 2020 in 33 tertiary hospitals across the country. RESULTS: Among the 160 children with PM, there were 103 males and 57 females. The age ranged from 15 days to 15 years, with 109 cases (68.1%) aged 3 months to under 3 years. SP strains were isolated from 95 cases (59.4%) in cerebrospinal fluid cultures and from 57 cases (35.6%) in blood cultures. The positive rates of SP detection by cerebrospinal fluid metagenomic next-generation sequencing and cerebrospinal fluid SP antigen testing were 40% (35/87) and 27% (21/78), respectively. Fifty-five cases (34.4%) had one or more risk factors for purulent meningitis, 113 cases (70.6%) had one or more extra-cranial infectious foci, and 18 cases (11.3%) had underlying diseases. The most common clinical symptoms were fever (147 cases, 91.9%), followed by lethargy (98 cases, 61.3%) and vomiting (61 cases, 38.1%). Sixty-nine cases (43.1%) experienced intracranial complications during hospitalization, with subdural effusion and/or empyema being the most common complication [43 cases (26.9%)], followed by hydrocephalus in 24 cases (15.0%), brain abscess in 23 cases (14.4%), and cerebral hemorrhage in 8 cases (5.0%). Subdural effusion and/or empyema and hydrocephalus mainly occurred in children under 1 year old, with rates of 91% (39/43) and 83% (20/24), respectively. SP strains exhibited complete sensitivity to vancomycin (100%, 75/75), linezolid (100%, 56/56), and meropenem (100%, 6/6). High sensitivity rates were also observed for levofloxacin (81%, 22/27), moxifloxacin (82%, 14/17), rifampicin (96%, 25/26), and chloramphenicol (91%, 21/23). However, low sensitivity rates were found for penicillin (16%, 11/68) and clindamycin (6%, 1/17), and SP strains were completely resistant to erythromycin (100%, 31/31). The rates of discharge with cure and improvement were 22.5% (36/160) and 66.2% (106/160), respectively, while 18 cases (11.3%) had adverse outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric PM is more common in children aged 3 months to under 3 years. Intracranial complications are more frequently observed in children under 1 year old. Fever is the most common clinical manifestation of PM, and subdural effusion/emphysema and hydrocephalus are the most frequent complications. Non-culture detection methods for cerebrospinal fluid can improve pathogen detection rates. Adverse outcomes can be noted in more than 10% of PM cases. SP strains are high sensitivity to vancomycin, linezolid, meropenem, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, rifampicin, and chloramphenicol.


Assuntos
Empiema , Hidrocefalia , Meningite Pneumocócica , Derrame Subdural , Lactente , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Recém-Nascido , Adolescente , Meningite Pneumocócica/tratamento farmacológico , Meningite Pneumocócica/epidemiologia , Meropeném , Vancomicina , Levofloxacino , Linezolida , Moxifloxacina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rifampina , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Cloranfenicol
4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 208: 108512, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493664

RESUMO

Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is a widely used cool season turfgrass with outstanding turf quality and grazing tolerance. High temperature is the key factor restricting the distribution of perennial ryegrass in temperate and sub-tropic regions. In this study, we found that one HEAT SHCOK TRANSCRIPTION FACOTR (HSF) class A gene from perennial ryegrass, LpHSFA3, was highly induced by heat stress. LpHSFA3 is localized in nucleus and functions as a transcription factor. Ectopic overexpression of LpHSFA3 in Arabidopsis improved thermotolerance and rescued heat sensitive deficiency of athsfa3 mutant. Overexpression of LpHSFA3 in perennial ryegrass enhanced heat tolerance and increased survival rate in summer season as evidenced by decreased EL and MDA, increased number of green leaves and total chlorophyll content. LpHSFA3 binds to the HSE region in LpHSFA2a promoter to constitutively activate the expression of LpHSFA2a and downstream heat stress responsive genes. Ectopic overexpression of LpHSFA2a consequently rescued thermal sensitivity of athsfa3 mutant and enhanced thermotolerance of athsfa2 mutant. Perennial ryegrass protoplasts with overexpression of LpHSFA3 and LpHSFA2a exhibited induction of similar subsets of heat responsive genes. These results indicated that transcription factor LpHSFA3 functions as positive regulator of LpHSFA2a to improve thermotolerance of perennial ryegrass, providing further evidence to understand the regulatory networks of plant heat stress response.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Lolium , Termotolerância , Lolium/metabolismo , Termotolerância/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Arabidopsis/genética
5.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(2): e13311, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445543

RESUMO

ß-Casein, an important protein found in bovine milk, has significant potential for application in the food, pharmaceutical, and other related industries. This review first introduces the composition, structure, and functional properties of ß-casein. It then reviews the techniques for isolating ß-casein. Chemical and enzymatic isolation methods result in inactivity of ß-casein and other components in the milk, and it is difficult to control the production conditions, limiting the utilization range of products. Physical technology not only achieves high product purity and activity but also effectively preserves the biological activity of the components. The isolated ß-casein needs to be utilized effectively and efficiently for various purity products in order to achieve optimal targeted application. Bovine ß-casein, which has a purity higher than or close to that of breast ß-casein, can be used in infant formulas. This is achieved by modifying its structure through dephosphorylation, resulting in a formula that closely mimics the composition of breast milk. Bovine ß-casein, which is lower in purity than breast ß-casein, can be maximized for the preparation of functional peptides and for use as natural carriers. The remaining byproducts can be utilized as food ingredients, emulsifiers, and carriers for encapsulating and delivering active substances. Thus, realizing the intensive processing and utilization of bovine ß-casein isolation. This review can promote the industrial production process of ß-casein, which is beneficial for the sustainable development of ß-casein as a food and material. It also provides valuable insights for the development of other active substances in milk.


Assuntos
Ingredientes de Alimentos , Leite , Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Animais , Caseínas , Emulsificantes , Fórmulas Infantis
6.
Food Chem X ; 21: 101215, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379797

RESUMO

This paper aims to overview the influence of different gels that including hydrocolloids and oleogel on techno-functional changes of dairy foods. The hydrocolloids are widely added to dairy products as stabilizers, emulsifiers, and gelling agents to enhance their texture, or improve sensory properties to meet consumer needs; and the newly developed oleogel, which despite less discussed in dairy foods, this article lists its application in different dairy products. The properties of different hydrocolloids were explained in detail, meanwhile, some common hydrocolloids such as pectin, sodium alginate, carrageenan along with the interaction between gel and proteins on techno-functional properties of dairy products were mainly discussed. What's more, the composition of oleogel and its influence on dairy foods were briefly summarized. The key issues have been revealed that the use of both hydrocolloids and oleogel has great potential to be the future trend to improve the quality of dairy foods effectively.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333774

RESUMO

Purpose: Circular RNA (circRNA) plays an important role in various biological processes. However, their functions in cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induced human normal lung epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) injury remain vague. The study aimed to explore circRNA expression profiles and reveal their potential roles in CSE-treated BEAS-2B cells. Methods: 5% CSE exposure for 24 hours were used to build the BEAS-2B cells ferroptosis model. Differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs) were identified by next-generation RNA sequencing. Six randomly selected DECs were validated via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis were conducted to clarify the potential functions of the DECs. Furthermore, the role of hsa_circ_0025843 in CSE-related BEAS-2B cells ferroptosis was confirmed. Results: 5% CSE exposure induced BEAS-2B cells ferroptosis. Fifty-one up-regulated cirRNAs and 80 down-regulated circRNAs were revealed in CSE-treated BEAS-2B cells. Hsa_circ_0003461, hsa_circ_0007548, hsa_circ_0025843, hsa_circ_0068896, hsa_circ_0005832, and hsa_circ_0053378 were selected randomly to validate the reliability of next-generation RNA sequencing by qRT-PCR. After KEGG pathway analysis, DECs were found to participate in the process of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance and glycerophospholipid metabolism. The knockdown of hsa_circ_0025843 significantly alleviated CSE-induced BEAS-2B cells ferroptosis. Conclusion: The study indicated the circRNA expression profiles in CSE-treated BEAS-2B cells. Hsa_circ_0025843 alleviated CSE induced BEAS-2B cells ferroptosis, which might be a potential therapeutic target of CSE related lung injury.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Ferroptose , MicroRNAs , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , RNA Circular/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Ferroptose/genética , RNA/genética , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética
8.
Food Res Int ; 179: 114006, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342533

RESUMO

To distinguish Chinese milks from different regions, 13 milk samples were gathered from 13 regions of China in this study: Inner Mongolia (IM), Xinjiang (XJ), Hebei (HB), Shanghai (SH), Beijing (BJ), Sichuan (SC), Ningxia (NX), Henan (HN), Tianjin (TJ), Qinghai (QH), Yunnan (YN), Guangxi (GX), and Tibet (XZ). Headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) combined with the electronic nose (E-nose) technology, was used to detect and analyze the volatile compounds in these milk samples. The qualitative and quantitative results identified 29 volatile chemicals, and we established a database of flavor profiles for the main milk-producing regions in China. E-nose analysis revealed variations in the odor of milk across different areas. Furthermore, results from partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and odor activity values (OAVs) suggested that seven volatile compounds: decane, 2-heptanone, 2-undecanone, 2-nonanone, 1-hexadecanol, 1-octen-3-ol, and (E)-2-nonenal, could be considered as key flavor compounds in Chinese milk products.


Assuntos
Leite , Odorantes , Animais , Leite/química , China , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Odorantes/análise , Análise Discriminante
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 271: 115963, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232526

RESUMO

As a fungicide with the characteristics of high effectiveness, internal absorption and broad spectrum, imazalil is widely used to prevent and treat in fruits and vegetables. Here, pregnant C57BL/6 mice were exposed to imazalil at dietary levels of 0, 0.025‰, and 0.25‰ through drinking water during pregnancy and lactation. We then analyzed the phenotype, metabolome, and expression of related genes and proteins in the livers of mice. There was a marked decrease in the body and liver weights of male offspring mice after maternal imazalil exposure, while this effect on the dam and female offspring was slight. Metabolomics analyses revealed that imazalil significantly altered the metabolite composition of liver samples from both dams and offspring. The preliminary results of the analysis indicated that glucolipid metabolism was the pathway most significantly affected by imazalil. We performed a coabundance association analysis of metabolites with significant changes in the pathway of glycolipid metabolism, and IMZ altered the networks of both dams and offspring compared with the network in control mice, especially in male offspring. The hepatic triglyceride, non-esterified fatty acid and glucose levels were increased significantly in the dams but decreased significantly in male offspring after maternal imazalil exposure. Furthermore, the expression levels of genes associated with glycolipid metabolism and m6A RNA methylation were significantly affected by maternal intake of imazalil. Imazalil-induced glucolipid metabolism disturbance was highly correlated with m6A RNA methylation. In conclusion, maternal imazalil exposure resulted in glucolipid metabolism disturbance and abnormal m6A RNA methylation in the livers of dams and offspring mice. We expected that the information acquired in this study will provide novel evidence for understanding the effect of maternal imazalil exposure on potential health risks.


Assuntos
Imidazóis , Fígado , Gravidez , Camundongos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fígado/metabolismo , Glicolipídeos/metabolismo
10.
Epilepsy Res ; 200: 107295, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Epilepsy care in China has expanded considerably in the last decade but still remains largely unknown; we developed an easy-to-use tool to assess its quality. METHODS: We adapted the Epilepsy Update Quality Measurement, produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) for use in China: The Quality Indicator for Epilepsy Treatment-China National Action (QUIET-CHINA). This tool incorporates a standardized case report form initially for logging quality indicators for people with epilepsy during in-patient stays. Nine quality indicators covered seizures, drugs, diagnostics, screening for co-morbid conditions, counseling for woman of child bearing age, and a composite indicator was further proposed by total number of interventions performed divided by the total number of people eligible in each indicator. The tool also has an electronic reporting and data feedback system. 96 epilepsy centers in 31 jurisdictions in mainland China have been piloted since 2017. RESULTS: Data from 11,600 individuals with epilepsy in the first 3-year study period were analyzed. The median age was 31; 60% were male. The composite indicators were 74%. Seizure freedom rate was less than 25% in all epilepsy types and post-surgical seizure freedom rate was 21%. 90% had seizure type and frequency, antiepileptic drugs recorded, while only 70% with active epilepsy were on regular antiepileptic drugs treatment. Investigations for diagnosis and etiology were performed in around 90% but screening for co-morbid conditions and counseling for women of childbearing potential was 38% and 15% respectively. Severe side effect happened in 2% individuals during the treatment. CONCLUSION: The preliminary results of the national action provided some baseline information. Except for an overall improvement, a significant treatment gap still exists, and psychiatric co-morbidities or issues affecting women are not seen as a priority. QUIET-CHINA will be expanded to more and other levels of hospitals, to help narrow the treatment gap and equalize the comprehensive epilepsy care on the national level.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes , Epilepsia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/terapia , Epilepsia/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , China
11.
Planta ; 259(2): 41, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270671

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: In flowers multiple secretory systems cooperate to deliver specialized metabolites to support specific roles in defence and pollination. The collective roles of cell types, enzymes, and transporters are discussed. The interplay between reproductive strategies and defense mechanisms in flowering plants has long been recognized, with trade-offs between investment in defense and reproduction predicted. Glandular trichomes and secretory cavities or ducts, which are epidermal and internal structures, play a pivotal role in the secretion, accumulation, and transport of specialized secondary metabolites, and contribute significantly to defense and pollination. Recent investigations have revealed an intricate connection between these two structures, whereby specialized volatile and non-volatile metabolites are exchanged, collectively shaping their respective ecological functions. However, a comprehensive understanding of this profound integration remains largely elusive. In this review, we explore the secretory systems and associated secondary metabolism primarily in Asteraceous species to propose potential shared mechanisms facilitating the directional translocation of these metabolites to diverse destinations. We summarize recent advances in our understanding of the cooperativity between epidermal and internal secretory structures in the biosynthesis, secretion, accumulation, and emission of terpenes, providing specific well-documented examples from pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium). Pyrethrum is renowned for its natural pyrethrin insecticides, which accumulate in the flower head, and more recently, for emitting an aphid alarm pheromone. These examples highlight the diverse specializations of secondary metabolism in pyrethrum and raise intriguing questions regarding the regulation of production and translocation of these compounds within and between its various epidermal and internal secretory systems, spanning multiple tissues, to serve distinct ecological purposes. By discussing the cooperative nature of secretory structures in flowering plants, this review sheds light on the intricate mechanisms underlying the ecological roles of terpenes in defense and pollination.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida , Polinização , Transporte Biológico , Reprodução , Terpenos
12.
Food Chem ; 438: 137986, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38000158

RESUMO

Glycans in corn silk could interact with co-existing small molecules during its absorption, digestion, and biological process. In order to understand the exact mechanism of action of zeaxanthin, it is critical to investigate the biomolecular interactions, which were necessary to form a glycan-small molecule complex and yet produce the bioactive effect. So far, the in-depth study of these natural interactions has not been fully elucidated. Here, we probed that the molecular interaction between zeaxanthin (ZEA) and glycans from corn silk (CSGs) was driven by enthalpy. More importantly, it was the first time found that CSGs can bind to lipid-soluble ZEA could be binded with CSGs. It was the first report on the thermostability of insulin structure and natural glycans. This study should facilitate our understanding of the interaction between lipid soluble molecules and glycans, and provide a more comprehensive understanding of the nutrient base in food.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes , Zea mays , Zea mays/química , Zeaxantinas , Polissacarídeos , Seda , Lipídeos
13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(9): e2305558, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38115755

RESUMO

2D nanomaterials play a critical role in realizing high-performance flexible electrodes for wearable energy storge devices, owing to their merits of large surface area, high conductivity and high strength. The electrode is a complex system and the performance is determined by multiple and interrelated factors including the intrinsic properties of materials and the structures at different scales from macroscale to atomic scale. Multiscale design strategies have been developed to engineer the structures to exploit full potential and mitigate drawbacks of 2D materials. Analyzing the design strategies and understanding the working mechanisms are essential to facilitate the integration and harvest the synergistic effects. This review summarizes the multiscale design strategies from macroscale down to micro/nano-scale structures and atomic-scale structures for developing 2D nanomaterials-based flexible electrodes. It starts with brief introduction of 2D nanomaterials, followed by analysis of structural design strategies at different scales focusing on the elucidation of structure-property relationship, and ends with the presentation of challenges and future prospects. This review highlights the importance of integrating multiscale design strategies. Finding from this review may deepen the understanding of electrode performance and provide valuable guidelines for designing 2D nanomaterials-based flexible electrodes.

14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 7759-7766, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146310

RESUMO

Monkeypox virus (MPXV), a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus, shares its genus with Variola virus (VARV), the causative agent of smallpox, and Vaccinia virus (VACV), used for smallpox vaccination. While smallpox has been eradicated, MPXV and related poxviruses continue to pose a global health threat. Monkeypox (Mpox), similar in clinical presentation to smallpox but milder, is endemic in Central and West Africa. Sporadic outbreaks emphasize the potential for wider dissemination. Understanding their biology, transmission, immune evasion, and clinical features informs disease control strategies. The intersection of medical innovation and biotechnology with poxviruses underscores their importance in both disease and scientific advancement. Further research is essential to enhance prevention, management, and therapeutic interventions for these viruses.

15.
Small ; : e2308514, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38098438

RESUMO

Highly robust flexible multifunctional film with excellent electromagnetic interference shielding and electrothermal/photothermal characteristics are highly desirable for aerospace, military, and wearable devices. Herein, an asymmetric gradient multilayer structured bacterial cellulose@Fe3 O4 /carbon nanotube/Ti3 C2 Tx (BC@Fe3 O4 /CNT/Ti3 C2 Tx ) multifunctional composite film is fabricated with simultaneously demonstrating fast Joule response, excellent EMI shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) and photothermal conversion properties. The asymmetric gradient 6-layer composite film with 40% of Ti3 C2 Tx possesses excellent mechanical performance with exceptional tensile strength (76.1 MPa), large strain (14.7%), and good flexibility. This is attributed to the asymmetric gradient multilayer structure designed based on the hydrogen bonding self-assembly strategy between Ti3 C2 Tx and BC. It achieved an EMI SE of up to 71.3 dB, which is attributed to the gradient "absorption-reflection-reabsorption" mechanism. Furthermore, this composite film also exhibits excellent low-voltage-driven Joule heating (up to 80.3 °C at 2.5 V within 15 s) and fast-response photothermal performance (up to 101.5 °C at 1.0 W cm-2 within 10 s), which is attributed to the synergistic effect of heterostructure. This work demonstrates the fabrication of multifunctional bacterial cellulose@Fe3 O4 /carbon nanotube/Ti3 C2 Tx composite film has promising potentials for next-generation wearable electronic devices in energy conversion, aerospace, and artificial intelligence.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(46): 53228-53241, 2023 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37943281

RESUMO

Nonapoptotic ferroptosis is a promising cancer treatment which offers a solution to the multidrug resistance of conventional apoptosis-induced programmed cancer cell death therapies. Reducing intracellular glutathione (GSH) is essential for inducing excess ROS and has been considered a crucial process to trigger ferroptosis. However, treatments reducing GSH alone have not produced satisfactory effects due to their restricted target. In this regard, FeCDs (Fe3+-modified l-histidine -sourced carbon dots) with dual GSH-consumption capabilities were constructed to engineer ferroptosis by self-amplifying intratumoral oxidative stress. Carbon dots have the ability to consume GSH, and the introduction of Fe3+ can amplify the GSH-consuming ability of CDs, reacting with excess H2O2 in the tumor microenvironment to generate highly oxidized •OH. This is a novel strategy through synergistic self-amplification therapy combining Fe3+ and CDs with GSH-consuming activity. The acid-triggered degradation material (FeCDs@PAE-PEG) was prepared by encapsulating FeCDs in an oil-in-water manner. Compared with other ferroptosis-triggering nanoparticles, the established FeCDs@PAE-PEG is targeted and significantly enhances the consumption efficiency of GSH and accumulation of excess iron without the involvement of infrared light and ultrasound. This synergistic strategy exhibits excellent ferroptosis-inducing ability and antitumor efficacy both in vitro and in vivo and offers great potential for clinical translation of ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Apoptose , Carbono , Glutationa , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
Foods ; 12(22)2023 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38002117

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata (G. elata) Blume is widely used as a health product with significant economic, medicinal, and ecological values. Due to variations in the geographical origin, soil pH, and content of organic matter, the levels of physiologically active ingredient contents in G. elata from different origins may vary. Therefore, rapid methods for predicting the geographical origin and the contents of these ingredients are important for the market. This paper proposes a visible-near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy technology combined with machine learning. A variety of machine learning models were benchmarked against a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) in terms of accuracy. In the origin identification models, the 1D-CNN demonstrated excellent performance, with the F1 score being 1.0000, correctly identifying the 11 origins. In the quantitative models, the 1D-CNN outperformed the other three algorithms. For the prediction set of eight physiologically active ingredients, namely, GA, HA, PE, PB, PC, PA, GA + HA, and total, the RMSEP values were 0.2881, 0.0871, 0.3387, 0.2485, 0.0761, 0.7027, 0.3664, and 1.2965, respectively. The Rp2 values were 0.9278, 0.9321, 0.9433, 0.9094, 0.9454, 0.9282, 0.9173, and 0.9323, respectively. This study demonstrated that the 1D-CNN showed highly accurate non-linear descriptive capability. The proposed combinations of Vis-NIR spectroscopy with 1D-CNN models have significant potential in the quality evaluation of G. elata.

18.
Hortic Res ; 10(11): uhad209, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38023474

RESUMO

Vaccinium duclouxii, endemic to southwestern China, is a berry-producing shrub or small tree belonging to the Ericaceae family, with high nutritive, medicinal, and ornamental value, abundant germplasm resources, and good edible properties. In addition, V. duclouxii exhibits strong tolerance to adverse environmental conditions, making it a promising candidate for research and offering wide-ranging possibilities for utilization. However, the lack of V. duclouxii genome sequence has hampered its development and utilization. Here, a high-quality telomere-to-telomere genome sequence of V. duclouxii was de novo assembled and annotated. All of 12 chromosomes were assembled into gap-free single contigs, providing the highest integrity and quality assembly reported so far for blueberry. The V. duclouxii genome is 573.67 Mb, which encodes 41 953 protein-coding genes. Combining transcriptomics and metabolomics analyses, we have uncovered the molecular mechanisms involved in sugar and acid accumulation and anthocyanin biosynthesis in V. duclouxii. This provides essential molecular information for further research on the quality of V. duclouxii. Moreover, the high-quality telomere-to-telomere assembly of the V. duclouxii genome will provide insights into the genomic evolution of Vaccinium and support advancements in blueberry genetics and molecular breeding.

19.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 6587-6601, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37849791

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of children with community-acquired bacterial meningitis. Methods: A multicenter, retrospective study was conducted among CABM patients under 15 years old from 33 hospitals in China from 2019 to 2020. The medical record, laboratory, and microbiological data were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 1610 children with CABM were identified and presented at a median onset age of 45 days of whom 955 (59.3%) were males. CABM occurred mostly in infants <1 year of age (84.0%, 1352/1610). In etiology-confirmed cases, the pathogens were isolated from CSF culture in 515 (32.0%), 400 (24.8%) in blood culture, and 186 (11.6%) both in CSF and blood culture. In total, 126 pathogens were identified through CSF mNGS in 330 CABM cases; 21 S. pneumoniae isolates were detected in 83 CABM cases by antigen detection method. Major pathogens were E. coli (195, 24.7%), GBS (170, 21.5%), and S. pneumoniae (157, 19.9%). GBS (29.3%, 22/75) was the first pathogen of CABM in neonates aged 0-6 days old, while E. coli (44.7%, 76/170) in 7 to 28 days of age; S. pneumoniae (96.2%, 151/157) was the most common pathogen in >3 months old cases. About 9.7% (19/195) strains of E. coli produced ultra­broad­spectrum ß­lactamases. The common intracranial imaging complications were subdural effusion and (or) empyema in 349 (21.7%), hydrocephalus in 233 (14.5%), and cerebral abscess in 178 (11.1%). A total of 389 (24.2%) cases were completely cured and 1088 (67.6%) cases improved. Among 166 patients (10.3%) with adverse outcomes, 32 cases (2.0%) died, and 37 cases (2.3%) relapsed. Conclusion: The onset age of CABM in children is usually within 1 year of age, especially <3 months. The primary pathogens in infants less than 3 months old are E. coli and GBS, and the dominant pathogen in children older than 3 months old is S. pneumoniae. Subdural effusion and (or) empyema and hydrocephalus are common complications. CABM should not be excluded even if CSF leukocyte counts are within normal range. Due to the low detection rate of pathogens in children with CABM, standardized CSF bacteriological examination should be paid more attention to increase the pathogen detection rate. Non­culture CSF detection methods may facilitate pathogenic diagnosis.

20.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 40(5): 1040-1044, 2023 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37879936

RESUMO

With the booming development of medical information technology and computer science, the medical services industry is gradually transiting from information technology to intelligence. The medical knowledge graph plays an important role in intelligent medical applications such as knowledge questions and answers and intelligent diagnosis, and is a key technology for promoting wise medical care and the basis for intelligent management of medical information. In order to fully exploit the great potential of knowledge graphs in the medical field, this paper focuses on five aspects: inter-drug relationship discovery, assisted diagnosis, personalized recommendation, decision support and intelligent prediction. The latest research progress on medical knowledge graphs is introduced, and relevant suggestions are made in light of the current challenges and problems faced by medical knowledge graphs to provide reference for promoting the wide application of medical knowledge graphs.


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão
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