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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 158798, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116663

RESUMO

The rapid development of the textile industry and improvement of people's living standards have led to the production of cotton textile and simultaneously increased the production of textile wastes. Cotton is one of the most common textile materials, and the waste cotton accounts for 24% of the total textile waste. To effectively manage the waste, recycling and reusing waste cotton are common practices to reduce global waste production. This paper summarizes the characteristics of waste cotton and high-value products derived from waste cotton (e.g., yarns, composite reinforcements, regenerated cellulose fibers, cellulose nanocrystals, adsorptive materials, flexible electronic devices, and biofuels) via mechanical, chemical, and biological recycling methods. The advantages and disadvantages of making high-value products from waste cotton are summarized and discussed. New technologies and products for recycling waste cotton are proposed, providing a guideline and direction for merchants and researchers. This review paper can shed light on converting textile wastes other than cotton (e.g., bast, silk, wool, and synthetic fibers) into value-added products.


Assuntos
Reciclagem , Têxteis , Humanos , Animais , Indústria Têxtil , Biocombustíveis , Seda
2.
J Surg Res ; 282: 22-33, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) have higher postoperative complications and costs versus low-burden hospitals. Do low socioeconomic status/vulnerable patients receive care at lower-quality hospitals or are there factors beyond providers' control? We studied the association of private, Medicare, and vulnerable insurance type with complications/costs in a high-burden SNH. METHODS: Retrospective inpatient cohort study using National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data (2013-2019) with cost data risk-adjusted by frailty, preoperative serious acute conditions (PASC), case status, and expanded operative stress score (OSS) to evaluate 30-day unplanned reoperations, any complication, Clavien-Dindo IV (CDIV) complications, and hospitalization variable costs. RESULTS: Cases (Private 1517; Medicare 1224; Vulnerable 3648) with patient mean age 52.3 y [standard deviation = 14.7] and 47.3% male. Adjusting for frailty and OSS, vulnerable patients had higher odds of PASC (aOR = 1.71, CI = 1.39-2.10, P < 0.001) versus private. Adjusting for frailty, PASC and OSS, Medicare (aOR = 1.27, CI = 1.06-1.53, P = 0.009), and vulnerable (aOR = 2.44, CI = 2.13-2.79, P < 0.001) patients were more likely to undergo urgent/emergent surgeries. Vulnerable patients had increased odds of reoperation and any complications versus private. Variable cost percentage change was similar between private and vulnerable after adjusting for case status. Urgent/emergent case status increased percentage change costs by 32.31%. We simulated "switching" numbers of private (3648) versus vulnerable (1517) cases resulting in an estimated variable cost of $49.275 million, a 25.2% decrease from the original $65.859 million. CONCLUSIONS: Increased presentation acuity (PASC and urgent/emergent surgeries) in vulnerable patients drive increased odds of complications and costs versus private, suggesting factors beyond providers' control. The greatest impact on outcomes may be from decreasing the incidence of urgent/emergent surgeries by improving access to care.

3.
J Surg Res ; 282: 34-46, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Yentl syndrome describing sex-related disparities has been extensively studied in medical conditions but not after surgery. This retrospective cohort study assessed the association of sex, frailty, presenting with preoperative acute serious conditions (PASC), and the expanded Operative Stress Score (OSS) with postoperative complications, mortality, and failure-to-rescue. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2015 to 2019 evaluating 30-d complications, mortality, and failure-to-rescue. RESULTS: Of 4,860,308 cases (43% were male; mean [standard deviation] age of 56 [17] y), 6.0 and 0.8% were frail and very frail, respectively. Frailty score distribution was higher in men versus women (P < 0.001). Most cases were low-stress OSS2 (44.9%) or moderate-stress OSS3 (44.5%) surgeries. While unadjusted 30-d mortality rates were higher (P < 0.001) in males (1.1%) versus females (0.8%), males had lower odds of mortality (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.90-0.94, P < 0.001) after adjusting for frailty, OSS, case status, PASC, and Clavien-Dindo IV (CDIV) complications. Males have higher odds of PASC (aOR = 1.33, CI = 1.31-1.35, P < 0.001) and CDIV complications (aOR = 1.13, CI = 1.12-1.15, P < 0.001). Male-PASC (aOR = 0.76, CI = 0.72-0.80, P < 0.001) and male-CDIV (aOR = 0.87, CI = 0.83-0.91, P < 0.001) interaction terms demonstrated that the increased odds of mortality associated with PASC or CDIV complications/failure-to-rescue were lower in males versus females. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a comprehensive analysis of sex-related surgical outcomes across a wide range of procedures and health care systems. Females presenting with PASC or experiencing CDIV complications had higher odds of mortality/failure to rescue suggesting sex-related care differences. Yentl syndrome may be present in surgical patients; possibly related to differences in presenting symptoms, patient care preferences, or less aggressive care in female patients and deserves further study.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121830, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179567

RESUMO

Rapid, sensitive and simultaneous detection of multiple bacteria in foodborne is still a major challenge in public health field. Here, a fluorescence immunoassay that can achieve high-throughput detection of three Gram-positive foodborne pathogenic bacteria simultaneously was proposed. Vancomycin and bovine serum albumin conjugate (Van-BSA) was immobilized on a polycarbonate chip to capture three Gram-positive foodborne pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes). CdSe/ZnS quantum dot modified antibodies (Ab-QD) were prepared by carbodiimide coupling chemistry. Due to the affinity reaction between antibodies and proteins on the bacterial surface, the simultaneous detection of multiple Gram-positive bacteria was achieved by monitoring the fluorescence signal of quantum dot by a portable microfluidic chip analyzer. Under optimal conditions, low detection limits was 18 CFU/well, 3 CFU/well and 36 CFU/well for S. aureus, B. cereus and L. monocytogenes, respectively. With satisfactory accuracy and precision, the proposed fluorescence immunoassay holds good prospects to detect pathogens in real food samples.


Assuntos
Listeria monocytogenes , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Humanos , Animais , Leite , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Staphylococcus aureus , Imunoensaio
5.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137038, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323385

RESUMO

Metal organic frameworks-Covalent organic frameworks (MOFs-COFs) nanocomposites could improve the catalytic performance. Herein, a novel nanocomposite catalyst (CC@Co3O4) derived from MOFs-COFs (COF@ZIF-67) was prepared on peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation for bisphenol A (BPA) and rhodamine B (RhB) degradation. Owing to the Co species, oxygen vacancy (OV), surface hydroxyl (-OH), graphite N and ketone groups (C=O), the CC@Co3O4 exhibited higher catalytic degradation performance and total organic carbon (TOC) for BPA (93.8% and 22.3%) and RhB (98.2% and 82.5%) with a small quantity of catalyst (0.10 g/L) and low concentration of PMS (0.20 g/L) even without pH adjustment. Sulfate radicals (•SO4-), hydroxyl radicals (•OH), single oxygen (1O2), superoxide radicals (•O2-) and electron transfer process were all involved in the degradation of BPA and RhB. Among them, the degradation of BPA and RhB mainly depended on •O2- and 1O2, respectively. Meanwhile, the degradation pathways of BPA and RhB were proposed, and the biotoxicity of the degradation products was evaluated by freshwater chlorella. The results illustrated that the degradation products were environmentally friendly to organisms. In addition, the role of COF in the nanocomposites was also studied. The addition of COF remarkably improved the catalytic performance of CC@Co3O4 due to the faster electron transfer, more graphite N and C=O. Overall, this work may open the door to the development of COF-based catalysts in the field of water pollutant remediation.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Poluentes Ambientais , Grafite , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanocompostos , Peróxidos/química , Nanocompostos/química , Oxigênio
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt B): 179-192, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327721

RESUMO

As a kind of novel functional material, graphene-related nanomaterials (GRMs) have great potentials in industrial and biomedical applications. Meanwhile, the production and wide application of GRMs will increase the risk of unintended or intentional oral exposure to human beings, attracting safety concerns about their biological fates and toxicological effects. The normal enzymatic activity of digestive enzymes is essential for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract system. However, whether and how orally entered GRMs and their surface groups affect digestive enzymes' activity are still scarce. In this paper, we systematically studied the effects of graphene oxide (GO), graphene modified with hydroxyl groups (OH-G), carboxyl groups (COOH-G), and amino groups (NH2-G) on enzymatic activity of three typical digestive enzymes (pepsin, trypsin, and α-pancreatic amylase). The results showed that the activity of trypsin and α-pancreatic amylase could be greatly changed after GRMs incubation in a surface chemistry dependent manner, while the activity of pepsin was not affected. To elucidate the mechanisms at the molecular level, the interactions between trypsin and GRMs were studied by spectrometry, thermophoresis, and computational simulation approaches, and the key roles of surface chemistry of GRMs in tailoring the activity of trypsin were finally figured out. GO allosterically inhibited trypsin's activity in the non-competitive manner because of the conformation transition induced by the intensive interactions. COOH-G could effectively hamper enzymatic activity of trypsin in the competitive manner by blocking the active catalytic pocket. As for NH2-G and OH-G, they had little impact on the activity of trypsin due to the weak binding affinity or limited conformational change. Our findings not only indicate surface chemistry plays an important role in tailoring the effects of GRMs on the activity of digestive enzymes but also provide new insights for understanding the oral safety of nanomaterials from daily products and the environment.


Assuntos
Grafite , Humanos , Grafite/química , Tripsina/química , Pepsina A/metabolismo , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , Amilases
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 213-218, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799545

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation hinders repair of the central nervous system (CNS). Stem cell transplantation is a very promising approach for treatment of CNS injuries. However, it is difficult to select seed cells that can both facilitate nerve regeneration and improve the microenvironment in the CNS. In this study, we isolated multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. We explored the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of Muse cells in vitro by coculture of Muse cells with lipopolysaccharide-stimulated microglia. Our results showed that Muse cells effectively reduced the transcription and secretion of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-1ß and increased the expression of transforming growth factor-ß and interleukin-10 in microglia. In addition, Muse cells decreased the number of M1 microglia and increased the proportion of M2 microglia in an inflammatory environment more effectively than bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. We also show that Muse cells inhibited the protein expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation primary response protein (MyD88) and inhibited the expression of the phosphorylated forms of transcription factor p65, nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitor alpha, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in microglia. Therefore, we suggest Muse cells cause antineuroinflammatory effects by inhibition of the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB and p38 MAPK signaling pathways in microglia. Our results shed light on the function of Muse cells in relation to CNS diseases and provide insight into the selection of seed cells.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 994-1002, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152623

RESUMO

Metal sulfides are regarded as efficient scavengers for heavy metals. However, the heavy metal adsorption capacity of metal sulfides is far from its theoretical values due to the insufficient exposure of adsorption sites. Surface modification of metal sulfides is considered one of the most effective strategies for improving heavy metal removal performance. Here, microalgae-derived carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were used as a green modifier for mediating nano-MnS/FeS formation to enhance Cd2+ removal. With the addition of 1 wt% CQDs, the Cd2+ adsorption capacity of 1 %CQDs-MnS reached 481 mg/g at 25 °C and 648.6 mg/g at 45 °C, which surpassed most of the previously reported metal sulfides. Furthermore, the CQDs-modified MnS displayed a better Cd2+ removal capacity than the commercial modifier sodium alginate. The mechanism analysis suggested that decreasing the particle size to expose more adsorption sites and providing additional chelating sites derived from the CQDs are two main reasons why CQDs enhance the Cd2+ adsorption capacity of metal sulfides. This study presents an exceptional cadmium nano-adsorbent of 1 %CQDs-MnS and provides a new perspective on the enhancement of heavy metal removal by using CQDs as a promising and universal green modifier that mediates the formation of metal sulfides.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Microalgas , Pontos Quânticos , Cádmio , Carbono , Adsorção , Alginatos , Sulfetos
9.
Curr Mol Pharmacol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is generally over-expressed in human tumor tissues and catalyzes de novo synthesis of fatty acids on which tumor cells depend. Bestatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase/CD13, is one of the dipeptide substrates for the human oligopeptide transporter 1 (PEPT1). OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we aimed to uncover the role of FASN inhibitors in bestatin-induced tumor cell apoptosis and the underlying mechanism, extending our understanding on the correlations between FASN and PEPT1 in cancer and providing a new strategy for tumor targeted treatment. METHODS: Cerulenin, orlistat and siRNAs was applied to inhibit FASN. The cell viability and apoptosis were assessed with MTT (thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide) assays and annexin V-FITC/PI staining with flow cytometry analysis. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis were used to detect the protein levels and mRNA levels of the indicated genes in tumor cells, respectively. Protein degradation or stability was examined with cycloheximide chase assays. CD13 activity was detected by gelatin zymography. The HT1080 and C26 xenografts models were conducted to assess the efficacy in vivo. RESULTS: In the current study, we found that inhibiting FASN by cerulenin and orlistat both augmented the effects of bestatin in decreasing tumor cell viability. Cerulenin increased the apoptosis rates and enhanced the cleavage of PARP caused by bestatin. Furthermore, cerulenin, orlistat and siFASNs markedly elevated PEPT1 protein levels. Indeed, cerulenin induced the up-regulation of PEPT1 mRNA expression rather than affecting the protein level after the cells treated with CHX. And Gly-Sar, a typical competitive substrate of PEPT1, could attenuate the augment of bestatin-induced cell killing by cerulenin. Moreover, synergistic restrain of tumor growth accompanied with reduction of Ki-67 and increment of TUNEL were significantly achieved in the xenograft models. Interestingly, no clear correlation was observed between the CD13 with FASN and/or PEPT1 in tumor cells. CONCLUSION: FASN inhibitors facilitate tumor cells susceptible to bestatin-induced apoptosis involving the up-regulation of PEPT1 at the mRNA translation level and the transport of bestatin by PEPT1, emerging as a promising strategy for tumor targeted therapy.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) therapy has shown promise for tissue regeneration after ischemia. Therefore, there is a need to understand mechanisms underlying endogenous HSCs activation in response to ischemic stress and coordination of angiogenesis and repair. SHP-1 plays important roles in HSC quiescence and differentiation by regulation of TGF-ß1 signaling. TGF-ß1 promotes angiogenesis by stimulating stem cells to secrete growth factors to initiate the formation of blood vessels and later aid in their maturation. We propose that SHP-1 responds to ischemia stress in HSC and progenitor cells (HSPC) via regulation of TGF-ß1. METHODS: A mouse hind limb ischemia model was used. Local blood perfusion in the limbs was determined using laser doppler perfusion imaging. The number of positive blood vessels per square millimeter, as well as blood vessel diameter (µm) and area (µm2), were calculated. Hematopoietic cells were analyzed using flow cytometry. The bone marrow transplantation assay was performed to measure HSC reconstitution. RESULTS: After femoral artery ligation, TGF-ß1 was initially decreased in the bone marrow by day 3 of ischemia, followed by an increase on day 7. This pattern was opposite to that in the peripheral blood, which is concordant with the response of HSC to ischemic stress. In contrast, SHP-1 deficiency in HSC is associated with irreversible activation of HSPCs in the bone marrow and increased circulating HSPCs in peripheral blood following limb ischemia. In addition, there was augmented auto-induction of TGF-ß1 and sustained inactivation of SHP-1-Smad2 signaling, which impacted TGF-ß1 expression in HSPCs in circulation. Importantly, restoration of normal T GF-ß1 oscillations helped in the recovery of limb repair and function. CONCLUSIONS: HSPC-SHP-1-mediated regulation of TGF-ß1 in both bone marrow and peripheral blood is required for a normal response to ischemic stress.

11.
ACS Omega ; 7(44): 40387-40398, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385826

RESUMO

Unconsolidated sandstone reservoirs have low rock strength and are easily damaged by sand production. To evaluate the effect of the microscopic pore system on the degree of recovery and sand production damage, five typical unconsolidated sandstone core samples were selected. The nuclear magnetic resonance T2 spectrum of the water-flooding experiments was used to analyze the oil displacement mechanism and sand production damage of the pore throat structure, and the control mechanism of the injection parameters was used to evaluate the recovery and sand production damage degree. The results showed that the recovery of the unconsolidated sandstone core samples was the highest when the injection volume was 6 PV, and the overall pore throat recovery increased from 14.37 to 48.72%. The recovery and sand production damage increased with increasing injection pressure. The overall pore throat recovery was the highest when the pressure was 20 MPa (48.42%), and the sand production damage index was the maximum when the pressure was 25 MPa (19.98%). Under a lower injection pressure, sand production damage mainly originates from loose sand. The main target of loose sand production damage is a smaller pore throat, and the sand production index increases slowly. The recovery increased with the pressure and increased relatively quickly. Under a higher injection pressure, sand production damage mainly comes from loose sand and skeleton sand, causing damage to both smaller and larger pore throats. The sand production damage is positively correlated with injection pressure. The recovery slows down with an increase in pressure or even decreases.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1047939, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386353

RESUMO

Background: The proximal anastomosis is an important procedure during the acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) surgery. The conventional method is a double patch sandwich technique with Teflon felt. Adventitial eversion and prosthesis eversion technique as a novel approach has been applied to many patients in our center. Herein, This technique would be introduced, and the perioperative and 1-year follow-up results of the two different anastomosis methods were also evaluated. Methods: Between December 2017 and May 2021, 143 AAAD patients who underwent total arch replacement (TAR) and frozen elephant trunk (FET) implantation were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into the eversion technique group (adventitial eversion and prosthesis eversion technique for proximal anastomosis, n = 64) and the sandwich technique group (n = 79). Results: The medical records were analyzed and compared between the groups. The mean operation time was 466 ± 73 min in the eversion technique group and 513 ± 81 min in the sandwich technique group (P < 0.001). Compared with the sandwich technique group, the eversion technique group also showed a shorter time on proximal anastomosis (38 ± 12 min vs. 58 ± 20 min, P < 0.001), cardiopulmonary bypass (195 ± 26 vs. 211 ± 40 min, P = 0.003), and aortic cross-clamp (120 ± 23 min vs. 134 ± 27 min, P = 0.002). Furthermore, a decreased proportion of >600 ml fresh frozen plasmas transfusion was observed in eversion technique group (10.9% vs. 34.2%, P = 0.002). No statistical differences were found in the postoperative morbidities and 1-year follow-up outcomes. Conclusion: Proximal anastomosis with adventitial eversion and prosthesis eversion technique is a promising surgical option for AAAD patients, with favorable perioperative and 1-year follow-up results.

13.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 12(11): 4165-4179, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386477

RESUMO

Enzalutamide (ENZ) is a second-generation androgen receptor (AR) antagonist used for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and reportedly prolongs survival time within a year of starting therapy. However, CRPC patients can develop ENZ resistance (ENZR), mainly driven by abnormal reactivation of AR signaling, involving increased expression of the full-length AR (ARfl) or dominantly active androgen receptor splice variant 7 (ARv7) and ARfl/ARv7 heterodimers. There is currently no efficient treatment for ENZR in CRPC. Herein, a small molecule LLU-206 was rationally designed based on the ENZ structure and exhibited potent inhibition of both ARfl and constitutively active ARv7 to inhibit PCa proliferation and suppress ENZR in CRPC. Mechanically, LLU-206 promoted ARfl/ARv7 protein degradation and decreased ARfl/ARv7 heterodimers through mouse double minute 2-mediated ubiquitination. Finally, LLU-206 exhibited favorable pharmacokinetic properties with poor permeability across the blood-brain barrier, leading to a lower prevalence of adverse effects, including seizure and neurotoxicity, than ENZ-based therapies. In a nutshell, our findings demonstrated that LLU-206 could effectively inhibit ARfl/ARv7-driven CRPC by dual-targeting of ARfl/ARv7 heterodimers and protein degradation, providing new insights for the design of new-generation AR inhibitors to overcome ARfl/ARv7-driven CRPC.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 911160, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387112

RESUMO

This research found that the clinical outcomes (PFS, ORR, OS) of the non-platinum-based doublet regimen (docetaxel capecitabine combination) were similar to those of the platinum-based (oxaliplatin capecitabine combination) when used as first line therapy for MGC patients. Background: Docetaxel, platinum and fluorouracil are the three most important drugs in the treatment of MGC. This study was to compare clinical outcomes of the docetaxel capecitabine combination and the oxaliplatin capecitabine combination as first-line therapy in MGC patients. Methods: In this phase II trial, MGC patients were randomly assigned and treated with either TX (capecitabine 1000 mg/m2/twice daily/1-14 days and docetaxel 60/75 mg/m2 on the 1st day) (because of toxicity, the dose of docetaxel was reduced to 60 mg/m2) or XELOX (capecitabine the same dose with TX and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 on the 1st day) as first-line therapy. After progression, patients were crossover to the other group as second-line treatment. Results: Total 134 MGC patients were randomized (69 in TX, 65 in XELOX). There was no significant difference between the PFS of the two groups (TX vs XELOX, 4.6 months vs 5.1 months, p=0.359), and the SFS (9.3 months vs 7.5 months, p=0.705), OS (13.1 months vs 9.6 months, p=0.261), and ORR (46.4% vs 46.2%) were also similar. Among patients with ascites, the TX group had significantly longer PFS and OS than the XELOX group. A total of 85 patients (48 in TX, 37 in XELOX) received second-line treatment, with overall survival of second-line chemotherapy (OS2) of 8.0 m and 5.3 m (p=0.046), respectively. Grade 3 to 4 treatment-related adverse events of first line treatment occurred more in TX group than that in XELOX group(60.6% vs 55.4%). Conclusion: TX regimen is an alternative choice of first-line treatment for MGC patients. We still need to explore the large number of cohort to confirm this results.

15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 927410, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387134

RESUMO

Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation is recommended as an adjuvant therapy for intermediate-risk and high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBt) with nearly 70% reoccurrence. In the present study, we investigated the dynamics of peripheral purified protein derivative (PPD)-specific immune responses along the treatment. Intravesical BCG instillation caused a significant increase in peripheral PPD-specific IFN-γ release of NMIBC patients, when compared to those receiving chemo-drug instillation. Through a follow-up study, we detected rapid increase in PPD-specific IFN-γ, IL-2, and IL-17A producing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the induction phase. Interestingly, the frequencies of PPD-specific IFN-γ and IL-2 producing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells decreased dramatically after induction treatment and were restored after BCG re-instillation, whereas IL-17A-producing T cells remained at the maintenance phase. However, we only observed that the percentages of peripheral CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in BCG responder patients than those in BCG refractory patients at the baseline with the potential of predicting the recurrence. A more dramatic increase in PPD-specific IFN-γ and IL-2 producing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells after one and two dose BCG instillations was observed in refractory NMIBC patients. Therefore, regional BCG instillation induced transient peripheral PPD-specific T cell responses, which could be restored through repetitive BCG instillation. Higher proportions of peripheral CD8+ T cells at baseline were associated with better responses to BCG instillation for the prevention of recurrence of bladder cancer.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396606

RESUMO

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) can be transferred between plants via soil. Indicators of PAs in tea products are useful for tea garden management. In the present work a total of 37 weed species, 37 weed rhizospheric soils and 24 fresh tea leaf samples were collected from tea gardens, in which PAs were detected in 35 weeds species, 21 soil samples and 10 fresh tea leaves samples. In Shexian tea garden, 12.9 µg/kg of intermedine (Im) in one bud plus three leaves, 1.40 and 14.6 µg/kg of intermedine-N-oxide (ImNO) in one bud plus two leaves and one bud plus three leaves were detected, which were transferred from the PA-producing weeds via soil. However, no PAs were detected in fresh tea leaves collected from Langxi tea garden. The results indicated that synthesis of PAs in weeds and their transfer through the weed-soil-fresh tea leaf route varied with soil environments in different tea gardens.

19.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 102, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384540

RESUMO

Unlike many solid tumors, epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has a clear metastatic predilection to the adipocyte-rich niche, especially the omentum. However, the underlying mechanism driving this process remains incomplete. Here we show that SphK1 is over-expressed in omental metastases compared with ovarian primary tumors in EOC patients. In vitro, inhibition of SphK1 suppressed the metastatic ability of EOC induced by adipocytes. In vivo, blockage of SphK1 could attenuate the omental metastasis of EOC. Importantly, SphK1 modulates adipocyte-induced E/N-cadherin switch through Twist1, a key process in EOC metastasis. Our study reveals a previously unrecognized role of SphK1 in modulating the metastatic tropism of EOC to the adipocyte-rich niche, suggesting a new target for EOC therapy.

20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19949, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402807

RESUMO

Accurately predicting the concentration of PM2.5 (fine particles with a diameter of 2.5 µm or less) is essential for health risk assessment and formulation of air pollution control strategies. At present, there is also a large amount of air pollution data. How to efficiently mine its hidden features to obtain the future concentration of pollutants is very important for the prevention and control of air pollution. Therefore we build a pollutant prediction model based on Lightweight Gradient Boosting Model (LightGBM) shallow machine learning and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural network. Firstly, the PM2.5 pollutant concentration data of 34 air quality stations in Beijing and the data of 18 weather stations were matched in time and space to obtain an input data set. Subsequently, the input data set was cleaned and preprocessed, and the training set was obtained by methods such as input feature extraction, input factor normalization, and data outlier processing. The hourly PM2.5 concentration value prediction was achieved in accordance with experiments conducted with the hourly PM2.5 data of Beijing from January 1, 2018 to October 1, 2020. Ultimately, the optimal hourly series prediction results were obtained after model comparisons. Through the comparison of these two models, it is found that the RMSE predicted by LSTM model for each pollutant is nearly 50% lower than that of LightGBM, and is more consistent with the fitting curve between the actual observations. The exploration of the input step size of LSTM model found that the accuracy of 3-h input data was higher than that of 12-h input data. It can be used for the management and decision-making of environmental protection departments and the formulation of preventive measures for emergency pollution incidents.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Material Particulado/análise
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