Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.959
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 286, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to confirm a simplified radiological scoring system, derived from a modified Reiff score, to evaluate its relationship with clinical symptoms and predictive outcomes in Taiwanese patients with noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). METHODS: This extensive multicenter retrospective study, performed in Taiwan, concentrated on patients diagnosed with NCFB verified through high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans. We not only compared the clinical features of various types of bronchiectasis (cylindrical, varicose, and cystic). Furthermore, we established relationships between the severity of clinical factors, including symptom scores, pulmonary function, pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization, exacerbation and admission rates, and HRCT parameters using modified Reiff scores. RESULTS: Data from 2,753 patients were classified based on HRCT patterns (cylindrical, varicose, and cystic) and severity, assessed by modified Reiff scores (mild, moderate, and severe). With increasing HRCT severity, a significant correlation was found with decreased forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) (p < 0.001), heightened clinical symptoms (p < 0.001), elevated pathogen colonization (pseudomonas aeruginosa) (p < 0.001), and an increased annual hospitalization rate (p < 0.001). In the following multivariate analysis, elderly age, pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia, and hospitalizations per year emerged as the only independent predictors of mortality. CONCLUSION: Based on our large cohort study, the simplified CT scoring system (Reiff score) can serve as a useful adjunct to clinical factors in predicting disease severity and prognosis among Taiwanese patients with NCFB.


Assuntos
Bronquiectasia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Bronquiectasia/fisiopatologia , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Adulto , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolamento & purificação
2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1377780, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745955

RESUMO

Objective: Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF) is characterized by abnormal flagellar phenotypes, which is a particular kind of asthenoteratozoospermia. Previous studies have reported a comparable intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome in terms of fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy rate in patients with MMAF compared with those with no MMAF; however, others have conflicting opinions. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in individuals with MMAF are still controversial and open to debate. Methods: A total of 38 patients with MMAF treated at an academic reproductive center between January 2014 and July 2022 were evaluated in the current retrospective cohort study and followed up until January 2023. Propensity score matching was used to adjust for the baseline clinical characteristics of the patients and to create a comparable control group. The genetic pathogenesis of MMAF was confirmed by whole exome sequencing. The main outcomes were the embryo developmental potential, the cumulative pregnancy rate (CLPR), and the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR). Results: Pathogenic variants in known genes of DNAH1, DNAH11, CFAP43, FSIP2, and SPEF2 were identified in patients with MMAF. Laboratory outcomes, including the fertilization rate, 2PN cleavage rate, blastocyst formation rate, and available blastocyst rate, followed a trend of decline in the MMAF group (p < 0.05). Moreover, according to the embryo transfer times and complete cycles, the CLPR in the cohort of MMAF was lower compared with the oligoasthenospermia pool (p = 0.033 and p = 0.020, respectively), while no statistical differences were observed in the neonatal outcomes. Conclusion: The current study presented decreased embryo developmental potential and compromised clinical outcomes in the MMAF cohort. These findings may provide clinicians with evidence to support genetic counseling and clinical guidance in specific patients with MMAF.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Taxa de Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Cauda do Espermatozoide , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cauda do Espermatozoide/patologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Astenozoospermia/genética , Astenozoospermia/patologia , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/patologia , Espermatozoides/patologia
3.
Pediatr Obes ; : e13127, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors play an important role in the development and management of childhood obesity and its related cardiometabolic complications. OBJECTIVE/METHODS: We aimed to explore childhood obesity subtypes based on lifestyle factors and examine their association with cardiometabolic health. We included 1550 children with obesity from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Cluster analysis identified obesity subtypes based on four lifestyle factors (physical activity, diet quality, sedentary time and smoking). Multiple linear regression assessed their association with cardiometabolic factors. RESULTS: Five subtypes of childhood obesity were identified: unhealthy subtype (n = 571; 36.8%), physically active subtype (n = 185; 21.1%), healthy diet subtype (n = 404; 26.1%), smoking subtype (n = 125; 8.1%) and non-sedentary subtype (n = 265; 17.1%). Compared with the unhealthy subtype, the physically active subtype had lower insulin and HOMA-IR levels, and smoking subtype was associated with lower HDL levels. When compared with children with normal weight, all obesity subtypes had worse cardiometabolic profile, except the physically active subtype who had similar DBP, HbA1c and TC levels; smoking subtype who had similar TC levels; and healthy diet and non-sedentary subtypes who had similar DBP levels. CONCLUSION: Children of different lifestyle-based obesity subtypes might have different cardiometabolic risks. Our new classification system might help personalize assessment of childhood obesity.

4.
Nano Lett ; 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747343

RESUMO

Ion transport through nanoporous two-dimensional (2D) membranes is predicted to be tunable by controlling the charging status of the membranes' planar surfaces, the behavior of which though remains to be assessed experimentally. Here we investigate ion transport through intrinsically porous membranes made of 2D metal-organic-framework layers. In the presence of certain cations, we observe a linear-to-nonlinear transition of the ionic current in response to the applied electric field, the behavior of which is analogous to the cation gating effect in the biological ion channels. Specifically, the ionic currents saturate at transmembrane voltages exceeding a few hundreds of millivolts, depending on the concentration of the gating cations. This is attributed to the binding of cations at the membranes' surfaces, tuning the charging states there and affecting the entry/exit process of translocating ions. Our work also provides 2D membranes as candidates for building nanofluidic devices with tunable transport properties.

5.
Ann Intensive Care ; 14(1): 74, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current data on post-discharge mortality and rehospitalization is still insufficient among in-hospital survivors of cardiogenic shock (CS), including acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and non-AMI survivors. METHODS: Patients with CS who survived after hospital discharge were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Each patient was followed up at 3-year intervals. Mortality and rehospitalization were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models. RESULTS: There were 16,582 eligible patients. Of these, 42.4% and 57.6% were AMI-CS and non-AMI-CS survivors, respectively. The overall mortality and rehospitalization rates were considerably high, with reports of 7.0% and 22.1% at 30 days, 24.5% and 58.2% at 1 year, and 38.9% and 73.0% at 3 years, respectively, among in-hospital CS survivors. Cardiovascular (CV) problems caused approximately 40% mortality and 60% rehospitalization. Overall, the non-AMI-CS group had a higher mortality burden than the AMI-CS group owing to older age and a higher prevalence of comorbidities. In multivariable models, the non-AMI-CS group exhibited a lower risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.60 to 0.78) and CV mortality (aHR 0.65, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.78) compared to the AMI-CS group. However, these risks diminished and even reversed after one year (aHR 1.13, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.25 for all-cause mortality; aHR 1.27, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.49 for CV mortality).This reversal was not observed in all-cause and CV rehospitalization. For rehospitalization, AMI-CS was associated with the risk of CV rehospitalization in the entire observation period (aHR:0.80, 95% CI:0.76-0.84). CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital AMI-CS survivors had an increased risk of CV rehospitalization and 30-day mortality, whereas those with non-AMI-CS had a greater mortality risk after 1-year follow-up.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1355859, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716172

RESUMO

Increasing nitrogen (N) input to coastal ecosystems poses a serious environmental threat. It is important to understand the responses and feedback of N removal microbial communities, particularly nitrifiers including the newly recognized complete ammonia-oxidizers (comammox), to improve aquaculture sustainability. In this study, we conducted a holistic evaluation of the functional communities responsible for nitrification by quantifying and sequencing the key functional genes of comammox Nitrospira-amoA, AOA-amoA, AOB-amoA and Nitrospira-nxrB in fish ponds with different fish feeding levels and evaluated the contribution of nitrifiers in the nitrification process through experiments of mixing pure cultures. We found that higher fish feeding dramatically increased N-related concentration, affecting the nitrifying communities. Compared to AOA and AOB, comammox Nitrospira and NOB were more sensitive to environmental changes. Unexpectedly, we detected an equivalent abundance of comammox Nitrospira and AOB and observed an increase in the proportion of clade A in comammox Nitrospira with the increase in fish feeding. Furthermore, a simplified network and shift of keystone species from NOB to comammox Nitrospira were observed in higher fish-feeding ponds. Random forest analysis suggested that the comammox Nitrospira community played a critical role in the nitrification of eutrophic aquaculture ponds (40-70 µM). Through the additional experiment of mixing nitrifying pure cultures, we found that comammox Nitrospira is the primary contributor to the nitrification process at 200 µM ammonium. These results advance our understanding of nitrifying communities and highlight the importance of comammox Nitrospira in driving nitrification in eutrophic aquaculture systems.

7.
Nature ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718837

RESUMO

The properties of polycrystalline materials are often dominated by defects, and two-dimensional (2D) crystals can even be divided and disrupted by a line defect1-3. In contrast, 2D crystals are often required to be processed into films, which are inevitably polycrystalline and contain numerous grain boundaries, and therefore are brittle and fragile, hindering application in flexible electronics, optoelectronics and separation1-4. Moreover, similar to glass, wood, and plastics, they suffer from trade-off effects between mechanical strength and toughness.5, 6 Here, we report a method to produce highly strong, tough and elastic films of an emerging class of 2D crystals - 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) composed of single-crystal domains connected by interwoven grain boundary on water surface using an aliphatic bi-amine as a sacrificial go-between. Films of two 2DCOFs were demonstrated, which showed Young's moduli and breaking strength of 56.7 ± 7.4 GPa and 73.4 ± 11.6 GPa, and 82.2 ± 9.1 N/m and 29.5 ± 7.2 N/m, respectively. We envisage the sacrificial go-between guided synthesis method and the interwoven grain boundary will inspire grain boundary enigineering of various polycrystalline materials, endowing them with new properties, enhancing their current applications and paving the way for new applications.

8.
Food Funct ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712886

RESUMO

Free radical damage and oxidative stress are thought to play a crucial role in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Walnut peptides, especially walnut oligopeptides, have been shown to protect nerve cells from oxidative stress and inflammatory damage, as well as improve memory function. In this study, walnut peptides were obtained from walnut meal through enzymatic hydrolysis, ultrafiltration, and gel filtration chromatography. A novel oligopeptide called AQ was successfully isolated and its chemical structure was identified as AASCDQ using ESI-MS/MS. AQ demonstrated remarkable scavenging activity against O2- free radicals (81.00%), DPPH free radicals (79.40%), and ABTS free radicals (67.09%) at a concentration of 1 mg mL-1. Furthermore, AQ exhibited strong neuroprotective effects against hydrogen peroxide-induced damage in SH-SY5Y cells, reducing cell injury and apoptosis. AQ also effectively inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory factors NO (IC50 = 46.03 ± 0.32 µM) and suppressed the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in RAW264.7 cells stimulated by LPS. In vivo experiments demonstrated that AQ promoted angiogenesis in the quail chick chorioallantoic membrane assay and reduced ROS accumulation in Caenorhabditis elegans, thereby extending its lifespan. The anti-inflammatory mechanism of AQ was further confirmed by western blotting. In summary, the novel oligopeptide AQ possesses potential neuroprotective effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, angiogenic, and anti-aging properties, making it a promising candidate for the development of functional foods and pharmaceutical products.

9.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400900, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713316

RESUMO

A new compound xylarkarynone A (1), a first reported natural product compound xylarkarynone B (2) and eight known compounds (3-10) were isolated from Xylaria sp. HHY-2. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, DP4+ probability analyses and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. The bioactivities of isolated compounds were assayed. Compound 1 exhibited obvious activity against A549 cells with an IC50 value of 6.12 ± 0.28 µM. Additionally, compound 1 showed moderate antifungal activities against Plectosphaerella cucumerina and Aspergillus niger with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of both 16 µg/mL, which was at the same grade with positive control nystatin. Most compounds exhibited varying degrees of inhibitory activity against P. cucumerina, indicating that Xylaria sp. has potential as inhibitors against P. cucumerina.

10.
Nano Lett ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726841

RESUMO

In the emerging two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, the electronic structures and carrier behaviors are strongly impacted by intrinsic electron-phonon interactions, which have received inadequate attention. In this study, we report an intriguing phenomenon of negative carrier diffusion induced by electron-phonon coupling in (2T)2PbI4. Theoretical calculations reveal that the electron-phonon coupling drives the band alignment in (2T)2PbI4 to alternate between type I and type II heterostructures. As a consequence, photoexcited holes undergo transitions between the organic ligands and inorganic layers, resulting in abnormal carrier transport behavior compared to other two-dimensional hybrid perovskites. These findings provide valuable insights into the role of electron-phonon coupling in shaping the band alignments and carrier behaviors in two-dimensional hybrid perovskites. They also open up exciting avenues for designing and fabricating functional semiconductor heterostructures with tailored properties.

11.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 33: 3301-3313, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700958

RESUMO

Recently, action recognition has attracted considerable attention in the field of computer vision. In dynamic circumstances and complicated backgrounds, there are some problems, such as object occlusion, insufficient light, and weak correlation of human body joints, resulting in skeleton-based human action recognition accuracy being very low. To address this issue, we propose a Multi-View Time-Series Hypergraph Neural Network (MV-TSHGNN) method. The framework is composed of two main parts: the construction of a multi-view time-series hypergraph structure and the learning process of multi-view time-series hypergraph convolutions. Specifically, given the multi-view video sequence frames, we first extract the joint features of actions from different views. Then, limb components and adjacent joints spatial hypergraphs based on the joints of different views at the same time are constructed respectively, temporal hypergraphs are constructed joints of the same view at continuous times, which are established high-order semantic relationships and cooperatively generate complementary action features. After that, we design a multi-view time-series hypergraph neural network to efficiently learn the features of spatial and temporal hypergraphs, and effectively improve the accuracy of skeleton-based action recognition. To evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of MV-TSHGNN, we conduct experiments on NTU RGB+D, NTU RGB+D 120 and imitating traffic police gestures datasets. The experimental results indicate that our proposed method model achieves the new state-of-the-art performance.

12.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1361531, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698849

RESUMO

The whole-genome sequence of an African swine fever virus (ASFV) strain (HuB/HH/2019) isolated from Hubei, China, was highly similar to that of the Georgia 2007/1 strain ASFV. After infection with strong strains, domestic pigs show typical symptoms of infection, including fever, depression, reddening of the skin, hemorrhagic swelling of various tissues, and dysfunction. The earliest detoxification occurred in pharyngeal swabs at 4 days post-infection. The viral load in the blood was extremely high, and ASFV was detected in multiple tissues, with the highest viral loads in the spleen and lungs. An imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory factors in the serum leads to an excessive inflammatory response in the body. Immune factor expression is suppressed without effectively eliciting an immune defense. Antibodies against p30 were not detected in acutely dead domestic pigs. Sequencing of the peripheral blood mononuclear cell transcriptome revealed elevated transcription of genes associated with immunity, defense, and stress. The massive reduction in lymphocyte counts in the blood collapses the body's immune system. An excessive inflammatory response with a massive reduction in the lymphocyte count may be an important cause of mortality in domestic pigs. These two reasons have inspired researchers to reduce excessive inflammatory responses and stimulate effective immune responses for future vaccine development.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Africana , Febre Suína Africana , Animais , Suínos , Febre Suína Africana/virologia , Febre Suína Africana/imunologia , Vírus da Febre Suína Africana/imunologia , Vírus da Febre Suína Africana/genética , Citocinas , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Genótipo , Carga Viral , Sus scrofa , Contagem de Linfócitos
13.
Food Chem ; 451: 139461, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701733

RESUMO

Copper as a widely applied element in food supply chain can cause serious contamination issues that threats food safety. In this research, we present a quick and visible method for trace copper ion (Cu2+) quantification in practical food samples. Polymer dots (Pdots) were firstly conjugated with a copper-specific DNA aptamer and then tailored with rhodamine B (RhB) to extinguish the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal through a resonance energy transfer process. The selective release of RhB leads to signal restoration when exposed to trace Cu2+ levels, achieving remarkable linearity with the logarithm of Cu2+ concentration within the range of 1 ng/L to 10 µg/L with an impressively low limit of detection at 11.8 pg/L. Most notably, our device was also applicable on visualizing and quantifying trace Cu2+ (∼0.2 µg/g) in practical Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. samples, underscoring its potential as a tool for the early prevention of potential copper contamination in food samples.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202405650, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695268

RESUMO

Microenvironment regulation of M-N4 single-atom catalysts (SACs) is a promising way to tune their catalytic properties toward the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction. However, strategies that can effectively introduce functional groups around the M-N4 sites through strong covalent bonding and under mild reaction conditions are highly desired. Taking the hydrophilic Ni-N4 SAC as a representative, we report herein a [2+1] cycloaddition reaction between Ni-N4 and in-situ generated difluorocarbene (F2C:), and enable the surface fluorocarbonation of Ni-N4, resulting in the formation of a super-hydrophobic Ni-N4-CF2 catalyst. Meanwhile, the mild reaction conditions allow Ni-N4-CF2 to inherit both the electronic and structural configuration of the Ni-N4 sites from Ni-N4. Enhanced electrochemical CO2-to-CO Faradaic efficiency above 98% is achieved in a wide operating potential window from -0.7 V to -1.3 V over Ni-N4-CF2. In-situ spectroelectrochemical studies reveal that a highly hydrophobic microenvironment formed by the -CF2- group repels asymmetric H-bonded water at the electrified interface, inhibiting the hydrogen evolution reaction and promoting CO production. This work highlights the advantages of [2+1] cycloaddition reactions on the covalent modification of N-doped carbon-supported catalysts.

15.
Small ; : e2401965, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739099

RESUMO

Selective separation of ethylene and ethane (C2H4/C2H6) is a formidable challenge due to their close molecular size and boiling point. Compared to industry-used cryogenic distillation, adsorption separation would offer a more energy-efficient solution when an efficient adsorbent is available. Herein, a class of C2H4/C2H6 separation adsorbents, doped carbon molecular sieves (d-CMSs) is reported which are prepared from the polymerization and subsequent carbonization of resorcinol, m-phenylenediamine, and formaldehyde in ethanol solution. The study demonstrated that the polymer precursor themselves can be a versatile platform for modifying the pore structure and surface functional groups of their derived d-CMSs. The high proportion of pores centered at 3.5 Å in d-CMSs contributes significantly to achieving a superior kinetic selectivity of 205 for C2H4/C2H6 separation. The generated pyrrolic-N and pyridinic-N functional sites in d-CMSs contribute to a remarkable elevation of Henry selectivity to 135 due to the enhancement of the surface polarity in d-CMSs. By balancing the synergistic effects of kinetics and thermodynamics, d-CMSs achieve efficient separation of C2H4/C2H6. Polymer-grade C2H4 of 99.71% purity can be achieved with 75% recovery using the devised d-CMSs as reflected in a two-bed vacuum swing adsorption simulation.

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730876

RESUMO

Amorphous thin films can be applied to increase the anti-corrosion ability of critical components. Atomized FeCrNiMoCSiB powders were hot-pressed into a disc target for R. F. magnetron sputtering on a 316L substrate to upgrade its corrosion resistance. The XRD spectrum confirmed that the film deposited by R. F. magnetron sputtering was amorphous. The corrosion resistance of the amorphous film was evaluated in a 1 M HCl solution with potentiodynamic polarization tests, and the results were contrasted with those of a high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) coating and 316L, IN 600, and C 276 alloys. The results indicated that the film hardness and elastic modulus, as measured using a nanoindenter, were 11.1 and 182 GPa, respectively. The principal stresses in two normal directions of the amorphous film were about 60 MPa and in tension. The corrosion resistance of the amorphous film was much greater than that of the other samples, which showed a broad passivation region, even in a 1 M HCl solution. Although the amorphous film showed high corrosion resistance, the original pinholes in the film were weak sites to initiate corrosion pits. After polarization tests, large, deep trenches were seen in the corroded 316L substrate; numerous fine patches in the IN 600 alloy and grain boundary corrosion in the C276 alloy were observed.

17.
Atherosclerosis ; 392: 117526, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a novel concept proposed in 2020, which is more practical for identifying patients with fatty liver disease with high risk of disease progression. Fatty liver is a driver for extrahepatic complications, particularly cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Although the risk of CVD in MAFLD could be predicted by carotid ultrasound test, a very early stage prediction method before the formation of pathological damage is still lacking. METHODS: Stool microbiomes and plasma metabolites were compared across 196 well-characterized participants encompassing normal controls, simple MAFLD patients, MAFLD patients with carotid artery pathological changes, and MAFLD patients with diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD). 16S rDNA sequencing data and untargeted metabolomic profiles were interrogatively analyzed using differential abundance analysis and random forest (RF) machine learning algorithm to identify discriminatory gut microbiomes and metabolomic. RESULTS: Characteristic microbial changes in MAFLD patients with CVD risk were represented by the increase of Clostridia and Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratios. Faecalibacterium was negatively correlated with mean-intima-media thickness (IMT), TC, and TG. Megamonas, Bacteroides, Parabacteroides, and Escherichia were positively correlated with the exacerbation of pathological indexes. MAFLD patients with CVD risk were characterized by the decrease of lithocholic acid taurine conjugate, and the increase of ethylvanillin propylene glycol acetal, both of which had close relationship with Ruminococcus and Gemmiger. Biotin l-sulfoxide had positive correlation with mean-IMT, TG, and weight. The general auxin pesticide beta-naphthoxyacetic acid and the food additive glucosyl steviol were both positively correlated with the increase of mean-IMT. The model combining the metabolite signatures with 9 clinical parameters accurately distinguished MAFLD with CVD risk in the proband and validation cohort. It was found that citral was the most important discriminative metabolite marker, which was validated by both in vitro and in vivo experiments. CONCLUSIONS: Simple MAFLD patients and MAFLD patients with CVD risk had divergent gut microbes and plasma metabolites. The predictive model based on metabolites and 9 clinical parameters could effectively discriminate MAFLD patients with CVD risk at a very early stage.


Assuntos
Fezes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fezes/microbiologia , Metabolômica/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Medição de Risco , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Idoso , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Bactérias , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Adulto , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Aprendizado de Máquina , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea
18.
Research (Wash D C) ; 7: 0340, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38665846

RESUMO

The methylation of adenosine base at the nitrogen-6 position is referred to as "N6-methyladenosine (m6A)" and is one of the most prevalent epigenetic modifications in eukaryotic mRNA and noncoding RNA (ncRNA). Various m6A complex components known as "writers," "erasers," and "readers" are involved in the function of m6A. Numerous studies have demonstrated that m6A plays a crucial role in facilitating communication between different cell types, hence influencing the progression of diverse physiological and pathological phenomena. In recent years, a multitude of functions and molecular pathways linked to m6A have been identified in the osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Nevertheless, a comprehensive summary of these findings has yet to be provided. In this review, we primarily examined the m6A alteration of transcripts associated with transcription factors (TFs), as well as other crucial genes and pathways that are involved in the differentiation of BMSCs. Meanwhile, the mutual interactive network between m6A modification, miRNAs, and lncRNAs was intensively elucidated. In the last section, given the beneficial effect of m6A modification in osteogenesis and chondrogenesis of BMSCs, we expounded upon the potential utility of m6A-related therapeutic interventions in the identification and management of human musculoskeletal disorders manifesting bone and cartilage destruction, such as osteoporosis, osteomyelitis, osteoarthritis, and bone defect.

19.
J Affect Disord ; 356: 672-680, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a chronic psychiatric disorder related to diminished dopaminergic neurotransmission. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has shown effectiveness in treating patients with treatment-refractory depression (TRD). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of DBS on dopamine D2 receptor binding in patients with TRD. METHODS: Six patients with TRD were treated with bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)-nucleus accumbens (NAc) DBS were recruited. Ultra-high sensitivity [11C]raclopride dynamic total-body positron emission tomography (PET) imaging was used to assess the brain D2 receptor binding. Each patient underwent a [11C]raclopride PET scan for 60-min under DBS OFF and DBS ON, respectively. A simplified reference tissue model was used to generate parametric images of binding potential (BPND) with the cerebellum as reference tissue. RESULTS: Depression and anxiety symptoms improved after 3-6 months of DBS treatment. Compared with two-day-nonstimulated conditions, one-day BNST-NAc DBS decreased [11C]raclopride BPND in the amygdala (15.9 %, p < 0.01), caudate nucleus (15.4 %, p < 0.0001) and substantia nigra (10.8 %, p < 0.01). LIMITATIONS: This study was limited to the small sample size and lack of a healthy control group. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic BNST-NAc DBS improved depression and anxiety symptoms, and short-term stimulation decreased D2 receptor binding in the amygdala, caudate nucleus, and substantia nigra. The findings suggest that DBS relieves depression and anxiety symptoms possibly by regulating the dopaminergic system.


Assuntos
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento , Núcleo Accumbens , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Racloprida , Receptores de Dopamina D2 , Humanos , Receptores de Dopamina D2/metabolismo , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Resistente a Tratamento/diagnóstico por imagem , Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo , Núcleo Accumbens/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Núcleos Septais/metabolismo , Núcleos Septais/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613122

RESUMO

Vitamin D reduces prostaglandin levels and inflammation, making it a promising treatment option for dysmenorrhoea. However, its effects on pain intensity in different types of dysmenorrhoea remain unclear. We examined whether vitamin D supplementation decreases pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhoea. The Cochrane Library, Embase, Google Scholar, Medline, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to 30 December 2023. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating vitamin D supplementation effects on such patients were included. The primary and secondary outcomes were measured by the changes in pain intensity and rescue analgesic use, respectively. Pooled mean differences and rate ratios were calculated using a random-effect model; trial sequential analysis (TSA) was also performed. Overall, 11 studies involving 687 participants were included. Vitamin D supplementation significantly decreased pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhoea compared with controls (pooled mean difference, -1.64; 95% confidence interval, -2.27 to -1.00; p < 0.001; CoE, moderate; I2 statistic, 79.43%) and indicated substantial heterogeneity among the included studies. TSA revealed that the current RCTs provide sufficient information. In subgroup analyses, vitamin D supplement reduced primary dysmenorrhoea pain but not secondary dysmenorrhoea pain. In conclusion, although substantial heterogeneity persists, vitamin D supplementation decreased pain intensity in patients with dysmenorrhea, especially in those with primary dysmenorrhoea.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia , Vitaminas , Feminino , Humanos , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...