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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 710: 149599, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608493

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent joint disease; however, effective treatments are lacking. Protopine (PTP) is an isoquinoline alkaloid with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties; however, it has not been studied in osteoarthritis. This study aimed to investigate whether PTP can effectively protect chondrocytes from ferroptosis. Primary mouse chondrocytes were treated with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) to simulate oxidative stress in an in vitro model of osteoarthritis. Two concentrations of PTP (10 and 20 µg/mL) were validated for in vitro experiments. Cellular inflammation and metabolism were detected using RT-qPCR and western blotting (WB). Ferroptosis was assessed via WB, qPCR, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, lipid ROS, and immunofluorescence staining. In vitro, PTP significantly ameliorated chondrocyte inflammation and cytolytic metabolism and significantly suppressed chondrocyte ferroptosis through the activation of the Nrf2 pathway. The anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) mouse model was used to validate the in vivo effects of PTP. The joint cartilage was assessed using the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) score, Safranin O staining, and immunohistochemistry. The intra-articular administration of PTP alleviated cartilage inflammation and ferroptosis, as evidenced by the expression of MMP3, MMP13, COL2A1, GPX4, and Nrf2. Overall, we find that PTP exerted anti-ferroptosis and anti-inflammatory effects on chondrocytes to protect the articular cartilage.

2.
Water Res ; 256: 121583, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614031

RESUMO

The escalating antibiotic resistance threatens the long-term global health. Lake sediment is a vital hotpot in transmitting antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs); however, their vertical distribution pattern and driving mechanisms in sediment cores remain unclear. This study first utilized metagenomics to reveal how resistome is distributed from surface water to 45 cm sediments in four representative lakes, central China. Significant vertical variations in ARG profiles were observed (R2 = 0.421, p < 0.001), with significant reductions in numbers, abundance, and Shannon index from the surface water to deep sediment (all p-values < 0.05). ARGs also has interconnections within the vertical profile of the lakes: twelve ARGs persistently exist all sites and depths, and shared ARGs (e.g., vanS and mexF) were assembled by diverse hosts at varying depths. The 0-18 cm sediment had the highest mobility and health risk of ARGs, followed by the 18-45 cm sediment and water. The drivers of ARGs transformed along the profile of lakes: microbial communities and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) dominated in water, whereas environmental variables gradually become the primary through regulating microbial communities and MGEs with increasing sediment depth. Interestingly, the stochastic process governed ARG assembly, while the stochasticity diminished under the mediation of Chloroflexi, Candidatus Bathyarcaeota and oxidation-reduction potential with increasing depth. Overall, we formulated a conceptual framework to elucidate the vertical environmental adaptability of resistome in anthropogenic lakes. This study shed on the resistance risks and their environmental adaptability from sediment cores, which could reinforce the governance of public health issues.

3.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 25(1): 2336399, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628978

RESUMO

Photovoltaic-thermoelectric (PV-TE) tandem system has been considered as an effective way to fully utilize the solar spectrum, and has been demonstrated in a perovskite solar cell (PSC)-thermoelectric (TE) configuration. However, the conventional PSC-TE tandem architecture cannot convert infrared light transmitted through the upper PSC into heat effectively, impeding the heat-electricity conversion of TE devices. Herein, a semi-transparent PSC-photothermal-TE tandem system is designed for improved photothermal utilization. Through optimizing the buffer layer of the back transparent electrode, semi-transparent PSC with a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13% and an average transmittance of 53% in the range of 800-1500 nm was obtained. On this basis, a photothermal thin film was introduced between the semi-transparent PSC and the TE device, which increased the efficiency contribution ratio of the TE device from 14% to 19%, showing enhanced utilization of AM 1.5 G solar spectrum and improved photo-thermal-electric conversion efficiency.


We have constructed a semi-transparent perovskite solar cell-photothermal-thermoelectric tandem system through the optimization of transparent back electrode and the introduction of photothermal thin-film, realizing enhanced utilization of solar energy.

4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3290, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632225

RESUMO

The functions of cellular organelles and sub-compartments depend on their protein content, which can be characterized by spatial proteomics approaches. However, many spatial proteomics methods are limited in their ability to resolve organellar sub-compartments, profile multiple sub-compartments in parallel, and/or characterize membrane-associated proteomes. Here, we develop a cross-link assisted spatial proteomics (CLASP) strategy that addresses these shortcomings. Using human mitochondria as a model system, we show that CLASP can elucidate spatial proteomes of all mitochondrial sub-compartments and provide topological insight into the mitochondrial membrane proteome. Biochemical and imaging-based follow-up studies confirm that CLASP allows discovering mitochondria-associated proteins and revising previous protein sub-compartment localization and membrane topology data. We also validate the CLASP concept in synaptic vesicles, demonstrating its applicability to different sub-cellular compartments. This study extends the scope of cross-linking mass spectrometry beyond protein structure and interaction analysis towards spatial proteomics, and establishes a method for concomitant profiling of sub-organelle and membrane proteomes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634669

RESUMO

Proton conductors are essential functional materials with a wide variety of potential applications in energy storage and conversion. In order to address the issues of low proton conductivity and poor stability in conventional proton conductors, a simple and valid ion-exchange method was proposed in this study for the introduction of stable and ultrahigh proton conductivity in layered rare earth hydroxides (LRHs). Test analyses by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction revealed that the exchange of H2PO4- not only does not disrupt the layered structure of LRHs, but also creates more active proton sites and channels necessary for proton transport, thereby creating a high-performance proton conductor (LRH-H2PO4-). By utilizing this ion-exchange method, the proton conductivity of LRHs can be significantly enhanced from a low level to an ultrahigh level (>10-2 S·cm-1), while maintaining excellent long-term stability. Moreover, through methodically manipulating the guest ions and molecules housed within the interlayers of LRHs, a comprehensive explanation has been presented regarding the proficient mechanism of proton conduction in LRH-H2PO4-. As a result, this investigation presents a feasible and available approach for advancing proton conductor.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587851

RESUMO

Separation of lanthanide (Ln) and minor actinide (MA) elements and mutual separation between minor actinide elements (e.g. Am(III) and Cm(III)) represent a crucial undertaking. However, separating these elements poses a significant challenge owing to their highly similar physicochemical properties. Asymmetric N-heterocyclic ligands such as N-ethyl-6-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)picolinamide (Et-p-Tol-A-PzPy) and N-ethyl-N-(p-tolyl)-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide (ETPhenAm) have recently received considerable attention in the separation of MAs over Ln from acid solutions. By changing the central skeleton structures of these ligands and introducing substituents with different properties on the side chains, their complexation behavior with Am(III), Cm(III), and Eu(III) may be affected. In this work, we explore four different asymmetric N-containing heterocyclic ligands, namely Et-p-Tol-A-PzPy (L1), N-ethyl-6'-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)-[2,2'-bipyridine]-6-carboxamide (L2), N-ethyl-9-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide (L3), and ETPhenAm (L4) using density functional theory (DFT). The calculated results demonstrate the potential of ligands L1-L4 for the extraction and separation of Am(III), Cm(III), and Eu(III). Ligand analysis shows that ligand L3 binds more easily to the central metal atom, in line with the stronger extraction capacity of L3. In spite of the higher covalence between the side chain and the central metal atom for complexes with L1-L3, the main chain seems to control the stability of the extraction complexes. The preorganized 1,10-phenanthroline backbone also further enhances the extraction performance of L3 and L4. The difference in coordination ability between the side chain donors of these ligands and metal ions may affect their separation efficiency. This work presents theoretical insights into synthesizing novel ligands for separating trivalent actinides by adjusting N-heterocyclic ligands.

7.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 20: 100404, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585198

RESUMO

Climate change and anthropogenic activities are reshaping dryland ecosystems globally at an unprecedented pace, jeopardizing their stability. The stability of these ecosystems is crucial for maintaining ecological balance and supporting local communities. Yet, the mechanisms governing their stability are poorly understood, largely due to the scarcity of comprehensive field data. Here we show the patterns of community temporal stability and its determinants across an aridity spectrum by integrating a transect survey across China's drylands with remote sensing. Our results revealed a U-shaped relationship between community temporal stability and aridity, with a pivotal shift occurring around an aridity level of 0.88. In less arid areas (aridity level below 0.88), enhanced precipitation and biodiversity were associated with increased community productivity and stability. Conversely, in more arid zones (aridity level above 0.88), elevated soil organic carbon and biodiversity were linked to greater fluctuations in community productivity and reduced stability. Our study identifies a critical aridity threshold that precipitates significant changes in community stability in China's drylands, underscoring the importance of distinct mechanisms driving ecosystem stability in varying aridity contexts. These insights are pivotal for developing informed ecosystem management and policy strategies tailored to the unique challenges of dryland conservation.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612390

RESUMO

Dormancy release and reactivation in temperate trees are mainly controlled by temperature and are affected by age, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we explored the effects of low temperatures in winter and warm temperatures in spring on dormancy release and reactivation in Larix kaempferi. Further, we established the relationships between cell-cycle genes and cambium cell division. The results showed that chilling accelerated L. kaempferi bud break overall, and the longer the duration of chilling is, the shorter the bud break time is. After dormancy release, warm temperatures induced cell-cycle gene expression; when the configuration value of the cell-cycle genes reached 4.97, the cambium cells divided and L. kaempferi reactivated. This study helps to predict the impact of climate change on wood production and provides technical support for seedling cultivation in greenhouses.


Assuntos
Larix , Larix/genética , Câmbio , Genes cdc , Divisão Celular , Mudança Climática
9.
Adv Mater ; : e2400950, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581284

RESUMO

Mixed conducting materials with both ionic and electronic conductivities have gained prominence in emerging applications. However, exploring material with on-demand ionic and electronic conductivities remains challenging, primarily due to the lack of correlating macroscopic conductivity with atom-scale structure. Here, the correlation of proton-electron conductivity and atom-scale structure in graphdiyne is explored. Precisely adjusting the conjugated diynes and oxygenic functional groups in graphdiyne yields a tunable proton-electron conductivity on the order of 103. In addition, a wet-chemistry lithography technique for uniform preparation of graphdiyne on flexible substrates is provided. Utilizing the proton-electron conductivity and mechanical tolerance of graphdiyne, bimodal flexible devices serving as capacitive switches and resistive sensors are created. As a proof-of-concept, a breath-machine interface for sentence-based communication and self-nursing tasks with an accuracy of 98% is designed. This work represents an important step toward understanding the atom-scale structure-conductivity relationship and extending the applications of mixed conducting materials to assistive technology.

10.
Lancet ; 403(10434): e21-e31, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy provides an option for adults with overweight and obesity to reduce their bodyweight if lifestyle modifications fail. We summarised the latest evidence for the benefits and harms of weight-lowering drugs. METHODS: This systematic review and network meta-analysis included searches of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) from inception to March 23, 2021, for randomised controlled trials of weight-lowering drugs in adults with overweight and obesity. We performed frequentist random-effect network meta-analyses to summarise the evidence and applied the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation frameworks to rate the certainty of evidence, calculate the absolute effects, categorise interventions, and present the findings. The study was registered with PROSPERO, CRD 42021245678. FINDINGS: 14 605 citations were identified by our search, of which 132 eligible trials enrolled 48 209 participants. All drugs lowered bodyweight compared with lifestyle modification alone; all subsequent numbers refer to comparisons with lifestyle modification. High to moderate certainty evidence established phentermine-topiramate as the most effective in lowering weight (odds ratio [OR] of ≥5% weight reduction 8·02, 95% CI 5·24 to 12·27; mean difference [MD] of percentage bodyweight change -7·98, 95% CI -9·27 to -6·69) followed by GLP-1 receptor agonists (OR 6·33, 95% CI 5·00 to 8·00; MD -5·79, 95% CI -6·34 to -5·25). Naltrexone-bupropion (OR 2·69, 95% CI 2·10 to 3·44), phentermine-topiramate (2·40, 1·68 to 3·44), GLP-1 receptor agonists (2·22, 1·74 to 2·84), and orlistat (1·71, 1·42 to 2·05) were associated with increased adverse events leading to drug discontinuation. In a post-hoc analysis, semaglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, showed substantially larger benefits than other drugs with a similar risk of adverse events as other drugs for both likelihood of weight loss of 5% or more (OR 9·82, 95% CI 7·09 to 13·61) and percentage bodyweight change (MD -11·40, 95% CI -12·51 to -10·29). INTERPRETATION: In adults with overweight and obesity, phentermine-topiramate and GLP-1 receptor agonists proved the best drugs in reducing weight; of the GLP-1 agonists, semaglutide might be the most effective. FUNDING: 1.3.5 Project for Disciplines of Excellence, West China Hospital, Sichuan University.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Humanos , Sobrepeso/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Topiramato/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Redução de Peso , Fentermina/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Int J Cancer ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602070

RESUMO

Early detection is critical for improving pancreatic cancer prognosis. Our study aims to identify circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with pancreatic cancer risk. The two-stage study used plasma samples collected ≤5 years prior to cancer diagnosis, from case-control studies nested in five prospective cohort studies. The discovery stage included 185 case-control pairs from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. Replication stage samples comprised 277 pairs from Shanghai Women's Health Study/Shanghai Men's Health Study, Southern Community Cohort Study, and Multiethnic Cohort Study. Seven hundred and ninety-eight miRNAs were measured using the NanoString nCounter Analysis System. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for per 10% change in miRNAs in association with pancreatic cancer risk were derived from conditional logistic regression analysis in discovery and replication studies, separately, and then meta-analyzed. Stratified analysis was conducted by age at diagnosis (<65/≥65 years) and time interval between sample collection and diagnosis (≤2/>2 years). In the discovery stage, 120 risk associated miRNAs were identified at p < .05. Three were validated in the replication stage: hsa-miR-199a-3p/hsa-miR-199b-3p, hsa-miR-767-5p, and hsa-miR-191-5p, with respective ORs (95% CI) being 0.89 (0.84-0.95), 1.08 (1.02-1.13), and 0.90 (0.85-0.95). Five additional miRNAs, hsa-miR-640, hsa-miR-874-5p, hsa-miR-1299, hsa-miR-22-3p, and hsa-miR-449b-5p, were validated among patients diagnosed at ≥65 years, with OR (95% CI) of 1.23 (1.09-1.39), 1.33 (1.16-1.52), 1.25 (1.09-1.43), 1.28 (1.12-1.46), 0.76 (0.65-0.89), and 1.22 (1.07-1.39), respectively. The miRNA targets were enriched in pancreatic carcinogenesis/progression-related pathways. Our study suggests that circulating miRNAs may identify individuals at high risk for pancreatic cancer ≤5 years prior to diagnosis, indicating its potential utility in cancer screening and surveillance.

12.
Comput Biol Med ; 174: 108393, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582001

RESUMO

X-rays, commonly used in clinical settings, offer advantages such as low radiation and cost-efficiency. However, their limitation lies in the inability to distinctly visualize overlapping organs. In contrast, Computed Tomography (CT) scans provide a three-dimensional view, overcoming this drawback but at the expense of higher radiation doses and increased costs. Hence, from both the patient's and hospital's standpoints, there is substantial medical and practical value in attempting the reconstruction from two-dimensional X-ray images to three-dimensional CT images. In this paper, we introduce DP-GAN+B as a pioneering approach for transforming two-dimensional frontal and lateral lung X-rays into three-dimensional lung CT volumes. Our method innovatively employs depthwise separable convolutions instead of traditional convolutions and introduces vector and fusion loss for superior performance. Compared to prior models, DP-GAN+B significantly reduces the generator network parameters by 21.104 M and the discriminator network parameters by 10.82 M, resulting in a total reduction of 31.924 M (44.17%). Experimental results demonstrate that our network can effectively generate clinically relevant, high-quality CT images from X-ray data, presenting a promising solution for enhancing diagnostic imaging while mitigating cost and radiation concerns.

13.
Lab Invest ; : 102058, 2024 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626874

RESUMO

In clinical practice, PD-L1 detection is prone to nonspecific staining due to the complex cellular composition of pleural effusion smears. In this study, DAB and AEC immunohistochemistry (IHC) double staining was performed to investigate PD-L1 expression in tumor cells from malignant pleural effusion (MPE). MPE was considered as a metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, thus, the heterogeneity between metastatic and primary lung cancer was revealed as well. Ninety paired specimens of MPE cell blocks (CBs) and matched primary lung cancer tissues from NSCLC patients were subjected to PD-L1 and TTF-1/p63 IHC double staining. Two experienced pathologists independently evaluated PD-L1 expression using three cutoffs (1%, 10%, 50%). PD-L1 expression in MPE was strongly correlated with that in matched primary lung cancer tissues (R=0.813, P<0.001). Using a 4-tier scale (cutoffs 1%, 10%, 50%), the concordance was 71.1% (Cohen's κ=0.534). Using a 2-tier scale, the concordance was 75.6% (1%, Cohen's κ=0.53), 78.9% (10%, Cohen's κ=0.574) and 95.6% (50%, Cohen's κ=0.754). The rates of PD-L1 positivity in MPE(56.7%) were higher than in lung tissues(32.2%). All 27 discordant cases had higher scores in MPE. The double-staining method provided superior identification of PD-L1-positive tumor cells on a background with nonspecific staining. In conclusion, PD-L1 expression was moderately concordant between metastatic MPE CBs and matched primary lung carcinoma tissues, with variability related to tumor heterogeneity. MPE should be considered to detect PD-L1 when histological specimens are unattainable, especially when PD-L1 expression is > 50%. PD-L1 positivity rates were higher in MPE. Double staining can improve PD-L1 detection by reducing false negative/positive results.

14.
RSC Adv ; 14(15): 10526-10537, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567335

RESUMO

Ca-phosphate/-silicate ceramic granules have been widely studied because their biodegradable fillers can enhance bone defect repair accompanied with bioactive ion release and material degradation; however, it is a challenge to endow bioceramic composites with time-dependent ion release and highly efficient osteogenesis in vivo. Herein, we prepared dual-core-type bioceramic granules with varying chemical compositions beneficial for controlling ion release and stimulating osteogenic capability. Core-shell-structured bioceramic granules (P8-Sr4@Zn3, P8-Sr4@TCP, and P8-Sr4@HAR) composed of 8% P- and 4% Sr-substituting wollastonite (P8, Sr4) dual core components and different shell components, such as 3% Zn-substituting wollastonite (Zn3), ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP), and hardystonite (HAR), were prepared by cutting extruded core-shell fibers through dual-core ternary nozzles, followed by high-temperature sintering post-treatment. The experimental results showed that nonstoichiometric wollastonite core components contributed to more biologically active ion release in Tris buffer in vitro, and the sparingly dissolvable shell component readily maintained the granule morphology in vivo; thus, such bioceramic implants can adjust new bone growth and material degradation over time. In particular, bioceramic granules encapsulated by the TCP shell exhibited the most appreciable osteogenic capacity and expected biodegradation, which was mostly favorable for bone repair in critical bone defects. It is reasonable to consider that this new multiphasic bioceramic granule design is versatile for developing next-generation implants for various bone damage repairs.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28365, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571661

RESUMO

Aurora kinase A, as a pro-carcinogenic in gastric cancer and glioma kinase, is enhanced in several human tumors. However, it's regulatory mechanism in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the expression status, functional roles, and molecular mechanisms of AURKA in ESCC development. AURKA expression was analyzed by the screening of the GEO database and detected using an immunohistochemical method. The biological function of AURKA on ESCC was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Western blot assay, malondialdehyde (MDA), iron, and glutathione (GSH) kits were utilized to assess changes in ferroptosis. Database analysis results showed that AURKA was a differential gene in ESCC and was highly expressed in human ESCC tissues. Functionally, AURKA knockdown decreased ESCC cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, when AURKA was knockdown, cells were more correctly blocked in the G2/M phase, and the ferroptosis-related MDA and Fe increased, whereas the GSH reduced. Consistently, Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and solute carrier family 7a member 11 (SLC7A11) expression were downregulated by AURKA knockdown. However, ferroptosis inhibitor partially restore ESCC cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis caused by AURKA knockdown. AURKA knockdown enhances ferroptosis and acts against cancer progression in ESCC. AURKA acts as a tumor-promoting gene and may serve as potential target for ESCC treatment.

16.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(5): 1707-1728, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481805

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common abdominal disease that typically resolves on its own, but the mortality rate dramatically increases when it progresses to severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the development of SAP from AP. We utilized two SAP models induced by pancreatic duct ligation and caerulein administration. Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses were subsequently performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression profiles of pancreatic samples from SAP and AP model and normal mice. To explore the role of Hspb1 in SAP, we used Hspb1 knockout (KO) mice, a genetically engineered chronic pancreatitis strain (T7D23A), Anxa2 KO mice, and acinar cell-specific Prdx1 knockout mice. Additionally, various in vivo and in vitro assays were performed to elucidate the molecular events and direct targets of Hspb1 in acinar cells. We found that Hspb1 expression was upregulated in AP samples but significantly reduced in acinar cells from SAP samples. KO or inhibition of Hspb1 worsened AP, while AAV8-Hspb1 administration mitigated the severity of SAP and reduced remote organ damage in mice. Furthermore, AAV8-Hspb1 treatment prevented the development of chronic pancreatitis. We found that KO or inhibition of Hspb1 promoted acinar cell death through apoptosis and ferroptosis but not necroptosis or autophagy by increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid ROS levels. Mechanistically, Hspb1 directly interacted with Anxa2 to decrease its aggregation and phosphorylation, interact with the crucial antioxidant enzyme Prdx1, and maintain its antioxidative activity by decreasing Thr-90 phosphorylation. Notably, the overexpression of Hspb1 did not have a protective effect on acinar-specific Prdx1 knockout mice. In summary, our findings shed light on the role of Hspb1 in acinar cells. We showed that targeting Hspb1/Anxa2/Prdx1 could serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for SAP.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Pancreatite Crônica , Animais , Camundongos , Doença Aguda , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Peroxirredoxinas/farmacologia , Proteômica , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
17.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27534, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496839

RESUMO

Many clinical management strategies have been proposed to deal with diabetic foot ulcers. However, the occurrence and recurrence of foot ulcers remain the major problems for diabetics. This study aims to identify, visualize, and characterize the meta-analyses on diabetic foot ulcer research. Articles published online were retrieved from the Web of Science core collection database using a search query incorporating MeSH terms and topics related to diabetic foot ulcers and meta-analysis. The publications were then analyzed for basic characteristics, including publication year, countries, topics covered, references, and keywords discussed in the articles. Data visualization was performed using CiteSpace. 334 meta-analyses and systematic reviews on diabetic foot ulcers were identified. The number of publications has experienced rapid growth in recent years (nearly 6-fold since 2016). The United States, China, Netherlands, England, and Australia had a strong collaboration in the contribution of publication. 7 primary topics were summarized from the top 100 highly cited publications: #1 Interventions (proportion: 59%), #2 Risk factors and Prevention (22%), #3 Epidemiology analysis (6%), #4 Cost-effectiveness of interventions (5%), #5 Long-term prognosis (3%), #6 Quality of life analysis (3%), and #7 Economic burden analysis (2%). Footwear and offloading interventions, multidisciplinary care, hyperbaric oxygen, platelet-rich plasma, and negative pressure wound therapies are highly regarded in terms of intervention. Diabetic foot osteomyelitis, peripheral diabetic neuropathy, chronic limb-threatening ischemia, and infections are the main comorbidities. In recent years, offloading interventions, debridement, telemedicine, long-term prognosis, and economic burden analyses have gradually received attention. Individualized treatment, multidisciplinary collaboration, quality of life considerations, and economic burden analyses are the long-term concerns.

18.
Nucleus ; 15(1): 2328719, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488152

RESUMO

Heterochromatin is an organizational property of eukaryotic chromosomes, characterized by extensive DNA and histone modifications, that is associated with the silencing of transposable elements and repetitive sequences. Maintaining heterochromatin is crucial for ensuring genomic integrity and stability during the cell cycle. During meiosis, heterochromatin is important for homologous chromosome synapsis, recombination, and segregation, but our understanding of meiotic heterochromatin formation and condensation is limited. In this review, we focus on the dynamics and features of heterochromatin and how it condenses during meiosis in plants. We also discuss how meiotic heterochromatin influences the interaction and recombination of homologous chromosomes during prophase I.


Assuntos
Centrômero , Heterocromatina , Heterocromatina/genética , Meiose/genética , Pareamento Cromossômico
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 332: 121883, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431404

RESUMO

Silvetia siliquosa, the only species of the family Fucaceae in China, is used as a medicine food homology. Fucoidan from S. siliquosa was extracted by hot water twice thoroughly (13 % of total yield), and a purified fucoidan SSF with a molecular weight of 93 kD was obtained. Chemical composition analysis demonstrated that SSF was primarily composed of sulfate (21.68 wt%) and fucose (84 % of all neutral monosaccharides). IR, methylation analysis, NMR and ESI-MS results indicated SSF had the backbone of mainly (1 â†’ 3)-α-L-fucopyranose and minor (1 â†’ 4)-α-L-fucopyranose, with little 1,3 and 1,4 branched ß-D-Xylp and ß-D-Galp. The in vitro immunomodulatory test on RAW 264.7 cells showed that SSF could up-regulate the expression of immune related factors and proteins in a concentration-dependent manner, but the immunomodulatory effect disappeared from desulfated SSF. This research indicated that highly sulfated fucan possessed immunomodulatory effect and the importance of sulfate groups in the activity of SSF.


Assuntos
Feófitas , Polissacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Sulfatos/química , Parede Celular
20.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 1325-1335, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434582

RESUMO

Background: The ratio of fibrinogen to prealbumin (FPR) is associated with the prognosis of many cancers. However, the prognostic significance of FPR in resectable gastric cancer has not been clarified. Methods: A total of 760 patients with resectable gastric cancer participated in this study. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to calculate the optimal cutoff value of each immunonutrition marker. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to confirm the prognostic value of FPR in patients with gastric cancer and to select appropriate variables for the construction of nomogram. Results: Utilizing ROC analysis, we calculated the optimal cutoff value for FPR and stratified 760 patients into high and low FPR groups. Subsequent examination revealed notable distinctions in baseline characteristics between these groups. For instance, Patients with higher FPR tend to be older and have more lymph node metastasis. Statistical analysis through the chi-square test confirmed the significance of these differences (P < 0.05). In addition, the results of the multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicate that the factors related to OS were age (P = 0.001), T stage (P < 0.001), N stage (P < 0.001), radical resection (P < 0.001), and FPR (P < 0.024). The nomogram is composed of the above five variables. ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram was 0.859 (95% CI: 0.831-0.887), and the sensitivity and specificity were 77.4% and 82.1%, respectively. Conclusion: FPR is a potential marker in patients with resectable gastric cancer. The nomogram based on FPR shows good predictive ability, which is helpful for clinicians to judge the prognosis of patients and choose targeted treatment strategies.

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