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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3859, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719821

RESUMO

Self-powered skin attachable and detachable electronics are under intense development to enable the internet of everything and everyone in new and useful ways. Existing on-demand separation strategies rely on complicated pretreatments and physical properties of the adherends, achieving detachable-on-demand in a facile, rapid, and universal way remains challenging. To overcome this challenge, an ingenious cellulose nanofiber-mediated manifold dynamic synergy strategy is developed to construct a supramolecular hydrogel with both reversible tough adhesion and easy photodetachment. The cellulose nanofiber-reinforced network and the coordination between Fe ions and polymer chains endow the dynamic reconfiguration of supramolecular networks and the adhesion behavior of the hydrogel. This strategy enables the simple and rapid fabrication of strong yet reversible hydrogels with tunable toughness ((Valuemax-Valuemin)/Valuemax of up to 86%), on-demand adhesion energy ((Valuemax-Valuemin)/Valuemax of up to 93%), and stable conductivity up to 12 mS cm-1. We further extend this strategy to fabricate different cellulose nanofiber/Fe3+-based hydrogels from various biomacromolecules and petroleum polymers, and shed light on exploration of fundamental dynamic supramolecular network reconfiguration. Simultaneously, we prepare an adhesive-detachable triboelectric nanogenerator as a human-machine interface for a self-powered wireless monitoring system based on this strategy, which can acquire the real-time, self-powered monitoring, and wireless whole-body movement signal, opening up possibilities for diversifying potential applications in electronic skins and intelligent devices.

2.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 199, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia-associated pulmonary hypertension (BPD-PH) remains a devastating clinical complication seriously affecting the therapeutic outcome of preterm infants. Hence, early prevention and timely diagnosis prior to pathological change is the key to reducing morbidity and improving prognosis. Our primary objective is to utilize machine learning techniques to build predictive models that could accurately identify BPD infants at risk of developing PH. METHODS: The data utilized in this study were collected from neonatology departments of four tertiary-level hospitals in China. To address the issue of imbalanced data, oversampling algorithms synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE) was applied to improve the model. RESULTS: Seven hundred sixty one clinical records were collected in our study. Following data pre-processing and feature selection, 5 of the 46 features were used to build models, including duration of invasive respiratory support (day), the severity of BPD, ventilator-associated pneumonia, pulmonary hemorrhage, and early-onset PH. Four machine learning models were applied to predictive learning, and after comprehensive selection a model was ultimately selected. The model achieved 93.8% sensitivity, 85.0% accuracy, and 0.933 AUC. A score of the logistic regression formula greater than 0 was identified as a warning sign of BPD-PH. CONCLUSIONS: We comprehensively compared different machine learning models and ultimately obtained a good prognosis model which was sufficient to support pediatric clinicians to make early diagnosis and formulate a better treatment plan for pediatric patients with BPD-PH.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Displasia Broncopulmonar/diagnóstico , Recém-Nascido , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido Prematuro
3.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 96, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children and adolescents with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) and evaluate the efficacy and safety of fertility-sparing surgery (FSS) in these patients. METHODS: Patients with BOTs younger than 20 years who underwent FSS were included in this study. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were included, with a median patient age of 17 (range, 3-19) years; 97.1% (33/34) of cases occurred after menarche. Of the patients, 82.4% had mucinous borderline tumors (MBOTs), 14.7% had serous borderline tumors (SBOTs), and 2.9% had seromucinous borderline tumor (SMBOT). The median tumor size was 20.4 (range, 8-40)cm. All patients were at International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I and all underwent FSS: cystectomy (unilateral ovarian cystectomy, UC, 14/34, 41.2% and bilateral ovarian cystectomy, BC, 1/34, 2.9%), unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO; 18/34; 52.9%), or USO + contralateral ovarian cystectomy (1/34; 2.9%). The median follow-up time was 65 (range, 10-148) months. Recurrence was experienced by 10 of the 34 patients (29.4%). One patient with SBOT experienced progression to low-grade serous carcinoma after the third relapse. Two patients had a total of four pregnancies, resulting in three live births. The recurrence rate of UC was significantly higher in MBOTs than in USO (p = 0.005). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 67.1%, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Fertility-sparing surgery is feasible and safe for children and adolescents with BOTs. For patients with MBOTs, USO is recommended to lower the risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Preservação da Fertilidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem , Pré-Escolar , Resultado do Tratamento , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
4.
Clin Epigenetics ; 16(1): 63, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decitabine (DAC), a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, has shown efficacy combined with chemotherapy for relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults, but less is known about its efficacy in children. Accordingly, we conducted a study which involved a priming regimen consisting of DAC with cladribine, cytarabine, and granulocyte-stimulating factor (DAC-CLAG) and compared the efficacy and safety of this regimen with CLAG alone. METHODS: A total of 39 R/R AML children who received the CLAG or DAC-CLAG regimen in Shanghai Children's Hospital were retrospectively enrolled in this non-randomized study. These regimens were studied sequentially over time. Twenty-two patients received CLAG from 2015, while 17 patients were administered epigenetic priming with DAC before CLAG from 2020. Patients were subsequently bridged to stem cell transplantation (SCT) or consolidation chemotherapy. Complete remission (CR) and adverse effects were analyzed by Fisher's exact test, and survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: DAC-CLAG conferred a numerically higher CR compared to CLAG (70.59% vs 63.64%; P = 0.740). High CR rates occurred in patients with good cytogenetics (P = 0.029) and prior induction without cladribine (P = 0.099). The 1-year event-free survival (EFS) was 64.71% ± 11.59% and 63.31% ± 10.35% in the DAC-CLAG and CLAG group (P = 0.595), and 1-year overall survival (OS) was 81.45% ± 9.72% and 77.01% ± 9.04%, respectively (P = 0.265). The 1-year OS and EFS after SCT were higher in the DAC-CLAG than in the CLAG cohort (100% vs 92.31% ± 7.39%, P = 0.072; 92.31% ± 7.39% vs 85.71% ± 9.35%, P = 0.158). Univariate analysis revealed that a good prognosis included good cytogenetics (P = 0.002), non-complex karyotype (P = 0.056), CR on reinduction (P < 0.0001), and bridging to SCT (P = 0.0007). Use of a hypomethylating agent (P = 0.049) and bridging to SCT (P = 0.011) were independent prognostic factors. Grade 3/4 hematologic toxicity and infection were the main adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: DAC prior to the CLAG regimen improved remission in pediatric R/R AML, and was feasible and well tolerated. CLAG ± DAC as a salvage therapy prior to SCT induced improved survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Cladribina , Citarabina , Decitabina , Epigênese Genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Decitabina/administração & dosagem , Decitabina/farmacologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cladribina/uso terapêutico , Cladribina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Resultado do Tratamento , Indução de Remissão/métodos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(19): e38113, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728495

RESUMO

To explore the potential mechanism in Cuscuta sinensis on diarrhea-type irritable bowel syndrome using network pharmacology and molecular docking techniques. First, the active components and related targets of Cuscuta were found setting oral utilization >30% and drug-like properties greater than or equal to 0.18 as filter information from TCMSP database. The targets of diarrheal irritable bowel syndrome were compiled by searching DrugBank, GeneCards, OMIM, PharmGkb, and TTD databases. The intersections of drugs and targets related to the disease were taken for gene ontology enrichment and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes enrichment analyses, to elucidate the potential molecular mechanisms and pathway information of Cuscuta sinensis for the treatment of diarrheal irritable bowel syndrome. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed by using the STRING database and visualized with Cytoscape_v3.10.0 software to find the protein-protein interaction network core At last, molecular docking was performed to validate the combination of active compounds with the core target. The target information of Cuscuta and diarrhea-type irritable bowel syndrome was compiled, which can be resulted in 11 active compounds such as quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, ß-sitosterol, and another 17 core targets such as TP53, IL6, AKT1, IL1B, TNF, EGFR, etc, whose Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes was enriched in the pathways of lipids and atherosclerosis, chemical carcinogenesis-receptor activation, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, etc. Docking demonstrated that the core targets and the active compounds were able to be better combined. Cuscuta chinensis may exert preventive effects on diarrhea-type irritable bowel syndrome by reducing intestinal inflammation, protecting intestinal mucosa, and playing an important role in antioxidant response through multi-targets and multi-pathways.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Diarreia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132089, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705331

RESUMO

Pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages possess the ability to change the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment by releasing various inflammatory factors simultaneously, which can effectively inhibit tumor progression and relapse. Promoting macrophage polarization towards M1 may be an effective way to treat Melanoma. However, the risk of cytokine storm caused by the proliferation and excessive activation of M1 macrophages greatly limits it as a biosafety therapeutic strategy in anti-tumor immunotherapy. Therefore, how to engineer natural M1 macrophage to a biocompatible biomaterial that maintains the duration time of tumor suppressive property duration time still remains a huge challenge. To achieve this goal, we developed an injectable macroporous hydrogel (M1LMHA) using natural M1 macrophage lysates and alginate as raw materials. M1LMHA had excellent biocompatibility, adjustable degradation rate and could sustainably release varieties of natural inflammatory factors, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and interleukin-12 (IL-12), etc. M1LMHA could repolarize anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages to M1 macrophages by the synergistic effect of released tiny inflammatory factors via the NF-κB pathway. This study supported that M1LMHA might be an effective and safe tool to activate tumor-associated immune cells, improving the efficiency of anti-tumor immunotherapy.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731963

RESUMO

Venom peptides have evolved to target a wide range of membrane proteins through diverse mechanisms of action and structures, providing promising therapeutic leads for diseases, including pain, epilepsy, and cancer, as well as unique probes of ion channel structure-function. In this work, a high-throughput FLIPR window current screening assay on T-type CaV3.2 guided the isolation of a novel peptide named ω-Buthitoxin-Hf1a from scorpion Hottentotta franzwerneri crude venom. At only 10 amino acid residues with one disulfide bond, it is not only the smallest venom peptide known to target T-type CaVs but also the smallest structured scorpion venom peptide yet discovered. Synthetic Hf1a peptides were prepared with C-terminal amidation (Hf1a-NH2) or a free C-terminus (Hf1a-OH). Electrophysiological characterization revealed Hf1a-NH2 to be a concentration-dependent partial inhibitor of CaV3.2 (IC50 = 1.18 µM) and CaV3.3 (IC50 = 0.49 µM) depolarized currents but was ineffective at CaV3.1. Hf1a-OH did not show activity against any of the three T-type subtypes. Additionally, neither form showed activity against N-type CaV2.2 or L-type calcium channels. The three-dimensional structure of Hf1a-NH2 was determined using NMR spectroscopy and used in docking studies to predict its binding site at CaV3.2 and CaV3.3. As both CaV3.2 and CaV3.3 have been implicated in peripheral pain signaling, the analgesic potential of Hf1a-NH2 was explored in vivo in a mouse model of incision-induced acute post-surgical pain. Consistent with this role, Hf1a-NH2 produced antiallodynia in both mechanical and thermal pain.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo T , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hiperalgesia , Dor Pós-Operatória , Venenos de Escorpião , Animais , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio Tipo T/química , Camundongos , Venenos de Escorpião/química , Venenos de Escorpião/farmacologia , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Masculino , Humanos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/farmacologia , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/química
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The impact of the loss-of-function (LOF) genetic variant PCSK9 R46L on glucose homeostasis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains uncertain, despite its established correlation with diminished blood cholesterol levels. This meta-analysis aimed at exploring the effect of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant on plasma insulin and glucose levels, risk of diabetes mellitus and CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for cohort and case-control studies published until October 1, 2023. The studies should report the association of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant with one of the following: fasting plasma insulin, blood glucose levels, diabetes mellitus, and CVD risk. A dominant model of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant was employed to statistical analysis. The meta-analyses were performed for continuous variables with standard mean difference (SMD), categorical variables with odds ratio (OR) using a random-effects model. A total of 17 articles with 20 studies engaging 1,186,861 population were identified and mobilized for these analyses. The overall results indicated that, compared with non-carriers of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant, carriers of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant did not increase or decrease the levels of fasting plasma insulin (3 studies with 7277 population; SMD, 0.08; 95% CI, -0.04 to 0.19; P = 0.270), and the levels of fasting plasma glucose (7 studies with 9331 population; SMD, 0.03; 95% CI, -0.08 to 0.13; P = 0.610). However, carriers of the PCSK9 R46L genetic variant indeed had 17% reduction in the risk of CVD (11 studies with 558,263 population; OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.71 to 0.98; P = 0.030), and 9% increase in the risk of diabetes mellitus (10 studies with 744,466 population; OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.14; P < 0.01). Meta-regression analyses indicated that the increased risk of diabetes mellitus and the reduced risk of CVD were positively correlated with reduction in LDL-C (P = 0.004 and 0.033, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: PCSK9 R46L genetic variant exhibited an elevated susceptibility to diabetes mellitus alongside a reduced vulnerability to CVD.

9.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-16, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the one-month prevalence of problematic psychological symptoms among Canadian postsecondary students, and to compare the prevalence by student characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: Three samples of students from two postsecondary institutions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017, we measured self-reported problems related to symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress using questions from the functioning module of the WHO Model Disability Survey. We used modified Poisson regression modeling to compute prevalence ratios (95%CI) to compare the prevalence by student characteristics. RESULTS: Our study included 1392 students (participation rate 35%-77%). Across samples, the one-month prevalence of moderate-extreme problems ranged from 50.8%-64.7% for anxiety, 41.2%-60.8% for stress, and 29.4%-43.6% for depression. Such problems were consistently more prevalent among females, poor-quality sleepers, students with food insecurity and those with insufficient social support. CONCLUSIONS: Significant burden of problems related to psychological symptoms exists within the postsecondary student population and varies by student characteristics.

10.
Biomol Biomed ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733633

RESUMO

Patients older than the expected age of the local population generally have limited life expectancy. The optimal treatment approach for very elderly patients with head and neck cancer remains uncertain. This study retrospectively analyzed patients over 78 years old, the expected age in 2019 for Chinese individuals, who underwent treatment for head and neck cancer at a tertiary cancer center in China. The study compared the overall survival rates among different treatment groups. The findings revealed that among patients eligible for surgery, radical resection yielded better outcomes compared to radiotherapy-based treatments, with a hazard ratio of 0.362 (95% CI 0.160-0.819, P = 0.015). Among patients who received radiotherapy, those who received a total dose exceeding 60 Gy had a significantly longer survival compared to those who received palliative doses, with median survival time of 31 months versus 14 months (P = 0.003). Among 78 patients who underwent conventional fractionated radiotherapy (CFRT), 15 patients (19.23%) experienced unscheduled treatment breaks with a median duration of 12 days. However, these treatment breaks did not appear to impact survival (P > 0.1). The study also suggested that altered fractionated radiotherapy, including hypofractionated radiotherapy (hypo-RT), could be a viable alternative to CFRT, offering similar survival outcomes with reduced treatment duration. In conclusion, eligible patients should be treated with curative intent, even if they are older than the expected age of the local population. When radiotherapy is indicated, altered fractionation, particularly hypo-RT, may be a favorable option to consider.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728577

RESUMO

The design of aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) that have high specific capacity and long-term stability is essential for future large-scale energy storage systems. Cathode materials with extended π-conjugation and abundant active sites are desirable to enhance the charge storage performance and the cycling stability of the aqueous ZIB. Based on this concept, 6,9-dihydropyrazino[2,3-g]quinoxaline-2,3,7,8(1H,4H)-tetrone was chosen as the monomer to be electropolymerized onto carbon cloth (PDHPQ-Tetrone/CC). When used as the cathode material for aqueous ZIBs, an exceptional cycling life (>20,000 cycles) at a current density of 10 A g-1 was achieved, with the specific capacity maintained at 82.8% and with the Coulombic efficiency at around 100% throughout cycling. At the charge-discharge current density of 0.1 A g-1, the ZIB with PDHPQ-Tetrone/CC achieved a high specific capacity of 248 mAh g-1. Kinetic analyses showed that both surface-capacitive-controlled processes and semi-infinite diffusion-controlled processes contribute to the stored charge. The charge storage mechanism was investigated with ex situ characterizations and involves the redox processes of carbonyl/hydroxyl and amino/imino groups coupled with insertion and extraction of both Zn2+ and H+.

12.
Food Chem ; 452: 139445, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728886

RESUMO

Cell wall disassembly and transcriptomic changes during storage of two fresh-cut chili pepper cultivars displaying contrasting softening rates were investigated. Results showed that Hangjiao No. 2 (HJ-2) softened more rapidly than Lafeng No. 3 (LF-3). Compared with LF-3, HJ-2 had a higher content of WSP, more side chains of RG-I in three pectin fractions, and higher activities of PME, PL, and ß-Gal at day-0. During storage, HJ-2 showed more markable pectin solubilization, more severe degradation in CSP and NSP, and greater loss of side chains from RG-I in three pectin fractions, which were correlated with increased activities of PG and α-L-Af. Furthermore, the higher up-regulation of PG (LOC107870605, LOC107851416) and α-L-Af (LOC107848776, LOC107856612) were screened in HJ-2. In conclusion, the different softening rate between cultivars was not only due to the fundamental differences in pectin structure but also pectin degradation regulated by related enzymes and gene expression levels.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2310017, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747256

RESUMO

Laser-induced graphene (LIG) technology has provided a new manufacturing strategy for the rapid and scalable assembling of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG). However, current LIG-based TENG commonly rely on polymer films, e.g., polyimide (PI) as both friction material and carbon precursor of electrodes, which limit the structural diversity and performance escalation due to its incapability of folding and creasing. Using specialized PI paper composed of randomly distributed PI fibers to substantially enhance its foldability, this work creates a new type of TENG, which are structurally foldable and stackable, and performance tailorable. First, by systematically investigating the laser power-regulated performance of single-unit TENG, the open-circuit voltage can be effectively improved. By further exploiting the folding process, multiple TENG units can be assembled together to form multi-layered structures to continuously expand the open-circuit voltage from 5.3 to 34.4 V cm-2, as the increase of friction units from 1 to 16. Last, by fully utilizing the unique structure and performance, representative energy-harvesting and smart-sensing applications are demonstrated, including a smart shoe to recognize running motions and power LEDs, a smart leaf to power a thermometer by wind, a matrix sensor to recognize writing trajectories, as well as a smart glove to recognize different objects.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744769

RESUMO

Syngas produced from supercritical water gasification typically contain a high amount of CO2 along with H2. In order to improve the quality of syngas, amine-functionalized copper benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate (Cu-BTC) was synthesized as an effective adsorbent for selective removal of CO2 from syngas to increase the concentration of H2. The amines used in this study included monoethanolamine (MEA), ethylenediamine (EDA), and polyethyleneimine (PEI). The fundamental physicochemical character of adsorbents, CO2 adsorption capacity, and CO2/H2 selectivity were analyzed. The physicochemical characterization indicated that the structure of amine-functionalized Cu-BTC was partially damaged, which resulted in a decrease in specific surface area and pore volume. On the other hand, the enlarged pore size was beneficial for the mass transfer of gas in the adsorbent. Among these adsorbents, Cu-BTC/PEI exhibited the maximum CO2 adsorption capacity of 3.83 mmol/g and the highest CO2/H2 selectivity of 19.74. It was found that the adsorption pressure is the most significant factor for the CO2 adsorption capacity. Lower temperature and higher pressure were favored for CO2 adsorption capacity and CO2/H2 selectivity, so physical adsorption by Cu-BTC played a dominant role. Moreover, Cu-BTC/PEI can be well-regenerated with stable adsorption efficiency after five consecutive cycles. These findings suggested that Cu-BTC/PEI could be a promising alternative adsorbent for CO2 capture from syngas.

15.
Nano Lett ; 24(19): 5808-5815, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710049

RESUMO

In multicellular organisms, individual cells are coordinated through complex communication networks to accomplish various physiological tasks. Aiming to establish new biological functions in the multicellular community, we used DNA as the building block to develop a cascade of nongenetic reaction circuits to establish a dynamic cell-cell communication network. Utilizing membrane-anchored amphiphilic DNA tetrahedra (TDN) as the nanoscaffold, reaction circuits were incorporated into three unrelated cells in order to uniquely regulate their sense-and-response behaviors. As a proof-of-concept, this step enabled these cells to simulate significant biological events involved in T cell-mediated anticancer immunity. Such events included cancer-associated antigen recognition and the presentation of antigen-presenting cells (APCs), APC-facilitated T cell activation and dissociation, and T cell-mediated cancer targeting and killing. By combining the excellent programmability and molecular recognition ability of DNA, our cell-surface reaction circuits hold promise for mimicking and manipulating many biological processes.


Assuntos
Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos , Comunicação Celular , DNA , DNA/química , Humanos , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos/imunologia , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/genética
16.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 13(1): 2343907, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738553

RESUMO

Influenza D virus (IDV) plays an important role in the bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex. Its potential for the zoonotic transmission is of particular concern. In China, IDV has previously been identified in agricultural animals by molecular surveys with no live virus isolates reported. In this study, live IDVs were successfully isolated from cattle in China, which prompted us to further investigate the national prevalence, antigenic property, and infection biology of the virus. IDV RNA was detected in 11.1% (51/460) of cattle throughout the country in 2022-2023. Moreover, we conducted the first IDV serosurveillance in China, revealing a high seroprevalence (91.4%, 393/430) of IDV in cattle during the 2022-2023 winter season. Notably, all the 16 provinces from which cattle originated possessed seropositive animals, and 3 of them displayed the 100% IDV-seropositivity rate. In contrast, a very low seroprevalence of IDV was observed in pigs (3%, 3/100) and goats (1%, 1/100) during the same period of investigation. Furthermore, besides D/Yama2019 lineage-like IDVs, we discovered the D/660 lineage-like IDV in Chinese cattle, which has not been detected to date in Asia. Finally, the Chinese IDVs replicated robustly in diverse cell lines but less efficiently in the swine cell line. Considering the nationwide distribution, high seroprevalence, and appreciably genetic diversity, further studies are required to fully evaluate the risk of Chinese IDVs for both animal and human health in China, which can be evidently facilitated by IDV isolates reported in this study.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Filogenia , Thogotovirus , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Bovinos , Thogotovirus/genética , Thogotovirus/classificação , Thogotovirus/isolamento & purificação , Thogotovirus/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/transmissão , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Suínos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/transmissão , Cabras , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Humanos , Deltainfluenzavirus
17.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 332, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740744

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OV) poses a significant challenge in clinical settings due to its difficulty in early diagnosis and treatment resistance. FOXP4, belonging to the FOXP subfamily, plays a pivotal role in various biological processes including cancer, cell cycle regulation, and embryonic development. However, the specific role and importance of FOXP4 in OV have remained unclear. Our research showed that FOXP4 is highly expressed in OV tissues, with its elevated levels correlating with poor prognosis. We further explored FOXP4's function through RNA sequencing and functional analysis in FOXP4-deficient cells, revealing its critical role in activating the Wnt signaling pathway. This activation exacerbates the malignant phenotype in OV. Mechanistically, FOXP4 directly induces the expression of protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7), a Wnt-binding receptor tyrosine pseudokinase, which causes abnormal activation of the Wnt signaling pathway. Disrupting the FOXP4-Wnt feedback loop by inactivating the Wnt signaling pathway or reducing FOXP4 expression resulted in the reduction of the malignant phenotype of OV cells, while restoring PTK7 expression reversed this effect. In conclusion, our findings underscore the significance of the FOXP4-induced Wnt pathway activation in OV, suggesting the therapeutic potential of targeting this pathway in OV treatment.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proliferação de Células
18.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(4): 1037-1043, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715826

RESUMO

Pelvic floor ultrasound provides a clear depiction of pelvic floor structures and their spatial anatomical relationships, enabling enhanced observation of pelvic organ function and position. The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into medical imaging has revolutionized the automatic analysis of imaging data, offering efficient and accurate preprocessing and analysis. This technological advance addresses challenges associated with traditional pelvic floor ultrasound, such as reliance on operator's experience, time-intensive manual measurements, and significant potential for human error. Current AI applications in pelvic floor ultrasound encompass automatic measurement of the angle of progress (AOP), automatic segmentation of the levator hiatus (LH), and automatic identification of the levator ani muscle (LAM). AI excels in mimicking human analysis, distilling patterns from reorganized data. This paper, grounded in a comprehensive literature review, outlines the principal aspects of pelvic floor ultrasound and its augmentation through AI, highlighting the application value and progress of AI in this field.

19.
Cell Metab ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718794

RESUMO

Although mechanical loading is essential for maintaining bone health and combating osteoporosis, its practical application is limited to a large extent by the high variability in bone mechanoresponsiveness. Here, we found that gut microbial depletion promoted a significant reduction in skeletal adaptation to mechanical loading. Among experimental mice, we observed differences between those with high and low responses to exercise with respect to the gut microbial composition, in which the differential abundance of Lachnospiraceae contributed to the differences in bone mechanoresponsiveness. Microbial production of L-citrulline and its conversion into L-arginine were identified as key regulators of bone mechanoadaptation, and administration of these metabolites enhanced bone mechanoresponsiveness in normal, aged, and ovariectomized mice. Mechanistically, L-arginine-mediated enhancement of bone mechanoadaptation was primarily attributable to the activation of a nitric-oxide-calcium positive feedback loop in osteocytes. This study identifies a promising anti-osteoporotic strategy for maximizing mechanical loading-induced skeletal benefits via the microbiota-metabolite axis.

20.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 71: 12461, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721305

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) combined with interstitial lung disease (ILD), so as to provide a theoretical basis for the early diagnosis, treatment and prevention of PSS-ILD. Methods: From October 2017 to January 2022, patients with pSS who were admitted to the Department of Rheumatology at Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into the pSS-ILD (102 cases) and pSS-non-ILD groups (154 cases) based on the presence or absence of ILD on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Demographics information, clinical symptoms, laboratory indicators and HRCT features were compared, and the logistic regression analysis was utilized to identify the risk factors. Results: A total of 256 patients were included. Patients with pSS-ILD were more often female, and their age and disease duration were significantly higher than those in the pSS-non-ILD group (p < 0.05). The HRCT imaging classification included ground glass-like shadow (78.4%) and patchy solid shadow (17.6%), and Non-specific interstitial pneumonitis (NSIP) (72.5%) was the predominant typology. Regarding the laboratory indexes, the positive rates of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and anti-SS-A52 antibodies were significantly higher in the pSS-ILD patients than in the pSS-non-ILD group, while the positive rates of anti-synaptic antibodies were lower than in the pSS-non-ILD group, and the differences between two groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that age >60 years, longer duration of disease, higher triglycerides, and cholesterol were risk factors for pSS-ILD patients. Conclusion: The clinical features of pSS-ILD patients were xerophthalmia, cough and shortness of breath, and HRCT can help to diagnose the disease at an early stage. Age over 60 years, chronic course of disease, and elevated lipid levels are risk factors for ILD in pSS patients, and the relationship between autoimmune antibody levels and the occurrence of ILD needs to be further confirmed in follow-up studies with large sample sizes. These findings have the potential to provide useful information for early diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the development of pSS-ILD.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Síndrome de Sjogren , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia
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