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1.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054225

RESUMO

Optical wavefront engineering has been rapidly developing in fundamentals from phase accumulation in the optical path to the electromagnetic resonances of confined nanomodes in optical metasurfaces. However, the amplitude modulation of light has limited approaches that usually originate from the ohmic loss and absorptive dissipation of materials. Here, an atomically thin photon-sieve platform made of MoS2 multilayers is demonstrated for high-quality optical nanodevices, assisted fundamentally by strong excitonic resonances at the band-nesting region of MoS2. The atomic thin MoS2 significantly facilitates high transmission of the sieved photons and high-fidelity nanofabrication. A proof-of-concept two-dimensional (2D) nanosieve hologram exhibits 10-fold enhanced efficiency compared with its non-2D counterparts. Furthermore, a supercritical 2D lens with its focal spot breaking diffraction limit is developed to exhibit experimentally far-field label-free aberrationless imaging with a resolution of ∼0.44λ at λ = 450 nm in air. This transition-metal-dichalcogenide (TMDC) photonic platform opens new opportunities toward future 2D meta-optics and nanophotonics.

2.
J Perinatol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness in reducing pain by giving oral sucrose and non-pharmacological comfort measures prior to topical administration of mydriatic eye drops on premature infants undergoing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening eye exams in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective quality improvement study was conducted in the NICU where infants were given oral sucrose prior to administration of mydriatic eye drops while a second person performed facilitated tucking and containment. Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) scores were recorded during eye drop administration and compared to a group that did not receive any comfort measures. RESULT: Sixty-eight infants were enrolled. Mean PIPP scores increased an average of 1.5 (SD = 1.5) during administration of mydriatic drops without comfort measures compared to 0.6 (SD = 0.8) when comfort measures were used. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Oral sucrose and simple comfort measures can be effective in reducing pain associated with mydriatic eye drops.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064187

RESUMO

Nylon 5 and nylon 6,5 are recently explored as new commercial polyamides, of which the monomer includes δ-valerolactam. In this study, a novel catalytic activity of lysine 2-monooxygenase (DavB) was explored to produce δ-valerolactam from L-pipecolic acid (L-PA), functioning as oxidative decarboxylase on a cyclic compound. Recombinant Escherichia coli BS01 strain expressing DavB from Pseudomonas putida could synthesize δ-valerolactam from L-pipecolic acid with a concentration of 90.3 mg/L. Through the co-expression of recombinant apoptosis-inducing protein (rAIP) from Scomber japonicus, glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) from Bacillus subtilis, Δ1-piperideine-2-carboxylae reductase (DpkA) from P. putida and lysine permease (LysP) from E. coli with DavB, δ-valerolactam was produced with the highest concentration of 242 mg/L. α-Dioxygenases (αDox) from Oryza sativa could act as a similar catalyst on L-pipecolic acid. A novel δ-valerolactam synthesis pathway was constructed entirely via microbial conversion from feedstock lysine in this study. Our system has great potential in the development of a bio-nylon production process. KEY POINTS: • DavB performs as an oxidative decarboxylase on L-PA with substrate promiscuity. • Strain with rAIP, GDH, DpkA, LysP, and DavB coexpression could produce δ-valerolactam. • This is the first time to obtain valerolactam entirely via biosynthesis from lysine.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 959, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The classification of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System 4A (BI-RADS 4A) lesions is mostly based on the personal experience of doctors and lacks specific and clear classification standards. The development of artificial intelligence (AI) provides a new method for BI-RADS categorisation. We analysed the ultrasonic morphological and texture characteristics of BI-RADS 4A benign and malignant lesions using AI, and these ultrasonic characteristics of BI-RADS 4A benign and malignant lesions were compared to examine the value of AI in the differential diagnosis of BI-RADS 4A benign and malignant lesions. METHODS: A total of 206 lesions of BI-RADS 4A examined using ultrasonography were analysed retrospectively, including 174 benign lesions and 32 malignant lesions. All of the lesions were contoured manually, and the ultrasonic morphological and texture features of the lesions, such as circularity, height-to-width ratio, margin spicules, margin coarseness, margin indistinctness, margin lobulation, energy, entropy, grey mean, internal calcification and angle between the long axis of the lesion and skin, were calculated using grey level gradient co-occurrence matrix analysis. Differences between benign and malignant lesions of BI-RADS 4A were analysed. RESULTS: Significant differences in margin lobulation, entropy, internal calcification and ALS were noted between the benign group and malignant group (P = 0.013, 0.045, 0.045, and 0.002, respectively). The malignant group had more margin lobulations and lower entropy compared with the benign group, and the benign group had more internal calcifications and a greater angle between the long axis of the lesion and skin compared with the malignant group. No significant differences in circularity, height-to-width ratio, margin spicules, margin coarseness, margin indistinctness, energy, and grey mean were noted between benign and malignant lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the naked eye, AI can reveal more subtle differences between benign and malignant BI-RADS 4A lesions. These results remind us carefully observation of the margin and the internal echo is of great significance. With the help of morphological and texture information provided by AI, doctors can make a more accurate judgment on such atypical benign and malignant lesions.

5.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2175, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013913

RESUMO

Exosomes are nanosized vesicles secreted by most cells, which can deliver a variety of functional lipids, proteins, and RNAs into the target cells to participate in complex intercellular communications. Cells respond to certain physical, chemical, and biological stimuli by releasing exosomes. Exosomes are rich in small molecules of RNA, including miRNAs and mRNAs, which have been demonstrated to have certain functions in recipient cells. Recent studies on single-cell RNA sequences have revealed the transcription and the heterogeneity of macrophages in Ldlr-/-mice fed with a high-fat diet. Five macrophage populations were found in the atherosclerotic plaques. It is worth noting that these subset populations of macrophages seem to be endowed with different functions in lipid metabolism and catabolism. A total of 100 differentially expressed mRNAs were selected for these subset populations. Importantly, these macrophage populations were also present in human advanced atherosclerosis. To clarify the specific functions and the regulatory mechanism of these macrophage populations, we extracted exosome RNAs from the plasma of patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and performed RNA sequencing analysis. Compared with the healthy control, a total of 14 miRNAs were significantly expressed in these patients. A total of 5,248 potential mRNAs were predicted by the bioinformatics platform. Next, we determined the outcome of the intersection of these predicted mRNAs with 100 mRNAs expressed in the above-mentioned five macrophage populations. Based on the screening of miRNA-mRNA pairs, a co-expression network was drawn to find out the key RNAs. Three down-regulated miRNAs and five up-regulated mRNAs were selected for validation by real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that the expression of miR-4498 in plasma exosomes was lower than that in the healthy control, and the expressions of Ctss, Ccr2 and Trem2 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from CAD patients were higher. In order to clarify the regulatory mechanism, we established a co-culture system in vitro. Studies have shown that the uptake of exosomes from CAD patients can up-regulate the expression of Ctss, Trem2, and Ccr2 mRNA in THP-1 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide. Our findings revealed a unique relationship between the transcriptional signature and the phenotypic heterogeneity of macrophage in the atherosclerotic microenvironment.

6.
Prenat Diagn ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the copy number variants (CNVs) in case of fetal duodenal obstruction and assess the associated prenatal findings and postnatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 51 fetuses with duodenal obstruction (DO) and the findings of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) used as a first-tier test in our institution between January 2014 and May 2019. RESULTS: The frequency of pathogenic aberrations in fetuses with DO was 15.7% (8/51), including 9.8% (5/51) pathogenic CNVs. Three fetuses with isolated DO each had a deletion on chromosome 13q, one fetus had duplication at 1q43q44, and one had microduplication at 17q12. No significant differences in pathogenic CNVs were observed between isolated DO and DO plus additional anomalies (4/42, 9.5% vs 1/9, 11.1%, p=0.89). Of the 51 fetuses with DO, 11 pregnancies were terminated, and eight fetuses had chromosomal abnormalities; one pregnancy ended with intrauterine death, and there were 39 live births. Neonatal outcomes were available for 31 fetuses, and no neonatal deaths occurred after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our cohort study demonstrated the value of CMA in fetuses with DO, suggesting that CNVs may underly genetic etiologies that should be considered in the diagnostic evaluation of DO. We think CMA should be recommended in case of DO. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000829

RESUMO

A new protocol was developed to synthesize (enantioenriched) thioethers and selenoethers from (chiral) benzylic trimethylammonium salts and di(hetero)aryl disulfides or diselenides. These syntheses were promoted by the presence of weak base and did not require the use of any transition metal, and resulted in the target products with good to excellent yields (72-94%). Using quaternary ammonium salts synthesized from enantiomerically enriched amines led to highly enantiopure benzylic thioethers and selenoethers (94-99% ee) with configurations reversed from those of their enantioenriched quaternary ammonium salts.

8.
Biomolecules ; 10(10)2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050283

RESUMO

Banana Fusarium wilt (BFW), which is one of the most important banana diseases worldwide, is mainly caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropic race 4 (Foc TR4). In this study, we conducted secretome analysis of Foc R1 and Foc TR4 and discovered a total of 120 and 109 secretory proteins (SPs) from Foc R1 cultured alone or with banana roots, respectively, and 129 and 105 SPs respectively from Foc TR4 cultured under the same conditions. Foc R1 and Foc TR4 shared numerous SPs associated with hydrolase activity, oxidoreductase activity, and transferase activity. Furthermore, in culture with banana roots, Foc R1 and Foc TR4 secreted many novel SPs, of which approximately 90% (Foc R1; 57/66; Foc TR4; 50/55) were unconventional SPs without signal peptides. Comparative analysis of SPs in Foc R1 and Foc TR4 revealed that Foc TR4 not only generated more specific SPs but also had a higher proportion of SPs involved in various metabolic pathways, such as phenylalanine metabolism and cysteine and methionine metabolism. The cysteine biosynthesis enzyme O-acetylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase (OASTL) was the most abundant root inducible Foc TR4-specific SP. In addition, knockout of the OASTL gene did not affect growth of Foc TR4; but resulted in the loss of pathogenicity in banana 'Brazil'. We speculated that OASTL functions in banana by interfering with the biosynthesis of cysteine, which is the precursor of an enormous number of sulfur-containing defense compounds. Overall, our studies provide a basic understanding of the SPs in Foc R1 and Foc TR4; including a novel effector in Foc TR4.

9.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090532

RESUMO

While the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to wreak havoc, there is little known about the susceptibility of the livestock and companion animals relative to humans. Here, we explore the susceptibility of companion and agricultural animals, in the light of the existing information on natural infections, experimental infections, serosurveillance, and in vitro protein-homology binding interaction studies of the SARS-CoV-2 with the proposed receptor Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) from diverse animal species. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Pharm Dev Technol ; : 1-34, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104406

RESUMO

This study aims to explore and evaluate the antitumor efficacy of doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded liposomes containing the novel tri-block polymer folate-poly (2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (F-PEOz-DSPE), compared with folate-polyethylene glycol-distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (F-PEG-DSPE) to offer an alternative for PEG decorated carriers. PEOz, a pH-sensitive polymer, exhibits similar solubility and segmental flexibility to PEG. In our previous study, PEOz was employed to a F-PEOz-DSPE which was segmentally similar with F-PEG-DSPE and exhibited selective targeting and pH-sensitivity in tumor cell. In this work, DOX-loaded liposomes containing F-PEOz-DSPE (F-PEOz liposome) or F-PEG-DSPE (F-PEG liposome) were prepared. In vivo/vitro antitumor efficacy and biodistribution were compared between the two liposomes. F-PEOz liposome showed higher in vitro antitumor activity and significantly stronger inhibition of tumor growth in HeLa tumor-bearing nude mice (tumor inhibition rate, 81.20% vs 52.99% with treatment of 9 mg/kg DOX-loaded F-PEOz liposome/F-PEG liposome) and much less toxicity than free DOX. In vivo fluorescence imaging experiment confirmed that F-PEOz liposome accumulated much more than F-PEG liposome in tumor. Based on the above, F-PEOz liposome may be a promising carrier in tumor chemotherapy to achieve better therapeutic efficacy.

11.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8884450, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082888

RESUMO

The AR signaling pathway plays an important role in initiation and progression of many hormone-related cancers including prostate, bladder, kidney, lung, and breast cancer. However, the potential roles of androgen-responsive long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in hormone-related cancers remained unclear. In the present study, we identified 469 novel androgen-responsive lncRNAs using microarray data. After validating the accuracy of the array data, we constructed a transcriptional network which contained more than 30 transcriptional factors using ChIP-seq data to explore upstream regulators of androgen-responsive lncRNAs. Next, we conducted bioinformatics analysis to identify lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network. To explore the potential roles of androgen-responsive lncRNAs in hormone-related cancers, we performed coexpression network and PPI network analyses using TCGA data. GO and KEGG analyses showed these lncRNAs were mainly involved in regulating signal transduction, transcription, development, cell adhesion, immune response, cell differentiation, and MAPK signaling pathway. We also highlight the prognostic value of HPN-AS1, TPTEP1, and LINC00623 in cancer outcomes. Our results suggest that androgen-responsive lncRNAs played important roles in regulating hormone-related cancer progression and could be novel molecular biomarkers.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085450

RESUMO

The long-term shortage of freshwater resources has drawn increasing research attention for water purification and collection. This work reports a facile method to prepare Janus fabrics with asymmetric wettability for on-demand oil/water separation and hydrophobic/hydrophilic patterned fabrics for efficient fog harvesting. Here, the superhydrophobic fabric was prepared by in situ polymerization of polydivinylbenzene (PDVB) on cotton fabric. By regulating the polymerization time, the PDVB polymer content was changed, thereby achieving the regulation of the surface structure and wettability of the prepared fabric. Meanwhile, the superhydrophobic fabric exhibited excellent self-cleaning and antifouling performance, mechanical abrasion and chemical resistance, and environmental durability. Moreover, the photocatalytic degradation properties of PDVB were utilized to prepare the Janus fabric with asymmetric wettability. Water droplets could spontaneously penetrate from the hydrophobic side to the hydrophilic side, while not vice versa, achieving unidirectional transport of water. In addition, the prepared Janus fabric could be used for on-demand oil/water separation, including the heavy oil/water mixture and light oil/water mixture. The separation efficiency and collected oil purity of each mixture were higher than 99.00 and 99.94%, respectively. Furthermore, the hydrophobic/hydrophilic patterned fabrics were prepared by using the lithographic masks with different apertures under UV light irradiation. Based on the fog-capturing ability of the hydrophilic areas and the water transport performance of the hydrophobic regions, efficient fog harvesting was achieved. For the patterned fabric with larger hydrophobic/hydrophilic areas, the water collection rate reached 224.7 mg cm-2 h-1. Therefore, this simple strategy to achieve controllable gradient wettability by adjusting the surface structure and chemical composition of the fabric shows great potential in the filtration of purification of oily sewage and the efficient condensed collection of water.

13.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 269, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096981

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

14.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097834

RESUMO

Macrophage polarization to proinflammatory M1-like or anti-inflammatory M2-like cells is critical to mount a host defense or repair tissue. The exact molecular mechanisms controlling this process are still elusive. Here, we report that ubiquitin-specific protease 19 (USP19) acts as an anti-inflammatory switch that inhibits inflammatory responses and promotes M2-like macrophage polarization. USP19 inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by increasing autophagy flux and decreasing the generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. In addition, USP19 inhibited the proteasomal degradation of inflammasome-independent NLRP3 by cleaving its polyubiquitin chains. USP19-stabilized NLRP3 promoted M2-like macrophage polarization by direct association with interferon regulatory factor 4, thereby preventing its p62-mediated selective autophagic degradation. Consistent with these observations, compared to wild-type mice, Usp19-/- mice had decreased M2-like macrophage polarization and increased interleukin-1ß secretion, in response to alum and chitin injections. Thus, we have uncovered an unexpected mechanism by which USP19 switches the proinflammatory function of NLRP3 into an anti-inflammatory function, and suggest that USP19 is a potential therapeutic target for inflammatory interventions.

15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(37): 5682-5692, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and atrophic gastritis (AG) in the prevalence of colorectal adenomas has been examined in a limited number of studies. However, these studies reported disputed conclusions. AIM: To investigate whether H. pylori infection, AG, and H. pylori-related AG increase the risk of colorectal adenomas. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 6018 health-check individuals. The relevant data for physical examination, laboratory testing, 13C-urea breath testing, gastroscopy, colonoscopy and histopathological examination of gastric and colorectal biopsies were recorded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the association between H. pylori-related AG and colorectal adenomas. RESULTS: Overall, 1012 subjects (16.8%) were diagnosed with colorectal adenomas, of whom 143 (2.4%) had advanced adenomas. Among the enrolled patients, the prevalence of H. pylori infection and AG was observed as 49.5% (2981/6018) and 10.0% (602/6018), respectively. Subjects with H. pylori infection had an elevated risk of colorectal adenomas (adjusted odds ratio [OR] of 1.220, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.053-1.413, P = 0.008) but no increased risk of advance adenomas (adjusted OR = 1.303, 95%CI: 0.922-1.842, P = 0.134). AG was significantly correlated to an increased risk of colorectal adenomas (unadjusted OR = 1.668, 95%CI: 1.352-2.059, P < 0.001; adjusted OR = 1.237, 95%CI: 0.988-1.549, P = 0.064). H. pylori infection accompanied by AG was significantly associated with an increased risk of adenomas (adjusted OR = 1.491, 95%CI: 1.103-2.015, P = 0.009) and advanced adenomas (adjusted OR = 1.910, 95%CI: 1.022-3.572, P = 0.043). CONCLUSION: H. pylori-related AG was associated with a high risk of colorectal adenomas and advanced adenomas in Chinese individuals.

16.
FASEB J ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094864

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection leads to cancers with an epithelial origin, such as nasopharyngeal cancer and gastric cancer, as well as multiple blood cell-based malignant tumors, such as lymphoma. Interestingly, EBV is also the first virus found to carry genes encoding miRNAs. EBV encodes 25 types of pre-miRNAs which are finally processed into 44 mature miRNAs. Most EBV-encoded miRNAs were found to be involved in the occurrence and development of EBV-related tumors. However, the function of EBV-miR-BART12 remains unclear. The findings of the current study revealed that EBV-miR-BART12 binds to the 3'UTR region of Tubulin Polymerization-Promoting Protein 1 (TPPP1) mRNA and downregulates TPPP1, thereby promoting the invasion and migration of EBV-related cancers, such as nasopharyngeal cancer and gastric cancer. The mechanism underlying this process was found to be the inhibition of TPPP1 by EBV-miRNA-BART12, which, in turn, inhibits the acetylation of α-tubulin, and promotes the dynamic assembly of microtubules, remodels the cytoskeleton, and enhances the acetylation of ß-catenin. ß-catenin activates epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). These two processes synergistically promote the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to reveal the role of EBV-miRNA-BART12 in the development of EBV-related tumors as well as the mechanism underlying this process, and suggests potential targets and strategies for the treatment of EBV-related tumors.

17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 116970, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049899

RESUMO

This study is aiming to investigate the stabilizing effect of chondroitin sulfate (CS) on the preparation of curcumin nanoparticles (NPs). The results showed that adding CS before the anti-solvent process of zein (Z) at pH7 could fabricate most stable NPs (Cur/CS/Z-pH7) with particle size of 197 ± 5 nm and zeta-potential of -48.4 ± 1.9 mV. The pH had a significant effect on the fabrication of NPs. Cur/CS/Z-pH7 was more stable than Cur/CS/Z-pH3, while Cur/Z-CS-pH3 was more stable than the Cur/Z-CS-pH7. According to the results of XRD, FTIR, DSC and CD, CS can form irreversible macromolecular complexes with zein through non-electrostatic interactions during the anti-solvent process (Cur/CS/Z-pH7, Cur/CS/Z-pH3). However, CS was adsorbed on the surface of Zein NPs by electrostatic interaction (Cur/Z-CS-pH7, Cur/Z-CS-pH3), when CS was added after anti-solvent process of zein. These results illustrated that it is better to add CS before the anti-solvent process of zein at neutral pH.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to characterize the interaction between Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk. derived xanthones and methotrexate (MTX). METHODS: Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in rats, which were treated with MTX, xanthone-rich fraction (XRF), or MTX+XRF by gavage for 30 days. Clinical efficacy was assessed based on arthritis scores, serological analysis, and histological examination. Proteins expression was investigated by either immunohistochemical or immunoblotting methods. MTX concentrations were determined by HPLC or LC-MS methods. Obtained results were further validated by in vitro assays using 1,7-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone and HEK 293T cells. RESULTS: XRF antagonized the anti-rheumatic effects of MTX in vivo, suggested by higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and severer swelling and deformation of joints in CIA rats in MTX+XRF group compared with MTX monotherapy. XRF reduced MTX concentration in plasma and promoted its excretion into urine. As a result, XRF attenuated MTX-induced edema of proximal tubule. Furthermore, XRF restored the decreased expression of organic anion transporter 3, which accounts for MTX secretion in kidney. Consistently, 1,7-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone promoted the cellular intake of MTX by increasing OTA3 expression. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that combined use of S. inappendulata with MTX should be optimized to avoid the antagonistic effects and improve the safety of MTX regimen.

19.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1534, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease with colorectal adenomatous polyps as the main clinical manifestations. The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the expression levels of tumor proliferation and angiogenesis-related genes in different tissue sections of FAP patients through qPCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis. METHODS: Seventeen patients with FAP admitted to Tianjin Union Medical Center from January 2010 to June 2015 were selected, and then, normal intestinal mucosa, polyp tissue, or cancerous polyp tissue were collected. QPCR, western blot, and IHC were used to detect the expression level of genes or proteins correlated with tumor proliferation. RESULTS: The mRNA expression of CD31 in large polyp tissue was significantly higher than that in normal tissue and small polyp tissue. Compared with normal tissue and polyp tissue, the expression level of KI67 mRNA in cancer tissue was remarkably increased. The VEGFA mRNA and CDH5 mRNA expression in both polyp and cancer tissues were prominently lower than those in normal tissue. The expression of CD31 protein in cancer tissue was lower than that in normal tissue and polyp tissue, whereas the expression levels of VEGF, CDH5, and KI67 protein were widely higher than that in normal tissue and polyp tissue. CONCLUSION: Abnormal expressions of CD31, KI67, VEGF(A), and CDH5 were associated with the carcinogenesis of FAP.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 59(20): 15355-15364, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001637

RESUMO

A novel organic-inorganic hybrid cerium-encapsulated selenotungstate comprising three polyoxotungstate building units Na16H6{[Ce3W4O10(H2O)9(CH3COO)3]2(Se2W7O30)(B-α-SeW9O33)4}·(C5H8NBO3)·119H2O (1) was synthesized by the portfolio approach of an in situ self-assembly reaction and step-by-step synthesis. The hybrid polyoxoanion of 1 is constructed from an acetate-coordinated heterometallic {[(Ce3W4O10)(H2O)9(CH3COO)3]2(Se2W7O30)}10+ core encompassing four trilacunary [B-α-SeW9O33]8- subunits. Interestingly, the heterometallic core contains a remarkable [Se2W7O30]10- building block in which seven WVI atoms form a W7 plane and two SeIV atoms are situated on two opposite faces of the W7 plane. In addition, the electrochemical performances of the 1@CFMCN composite (CFMCN: carboxyl-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube) were investigated. The 1@CFMCN/GCE (GCE: glass carbon electrode) sensor demonstrates a promising potential in electrochemically sensing dopamine (DPA) or paracetamol (PCM) or even simultaneously detecting DPA and PCM with low limits of 0.053 µM for DPA and 2.03 µM for PCM over a wide linear range at high sensitivity.

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