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1.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(2): 196-203, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582982

RESUMO

Objective: Cognitive impairment (CI) in older individuals has a high morbidity rate worldwide, with poor diagnostic methods and susceptible population identification. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between different retinal metrics and CI in a particular population, emphasizing polyvascular status. Methods: We collected information from the Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community Study on retinal vessel calibers, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and cognitive function of 3,785 participants, aged 40 years or older. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between retinal metrics and cognitive function. Subgroups stratified by different vascular statuses were also analyzed. Results: RNFL thickness was significantly thinner in the CI group (odds ratio: 0.973, 95% confidence interval: 0.953-0.994). In the subgroup analysis, the difference still existed in the non-intracranial arterial stenosis, non-extracranial carotid arterial stenosis, and peripheral arterial disease subgroups ( P < 0.05). Conclusion: A thin RNFL is associated with CI, especially in people with non-large vessel stenosis. The underlying small vessel change in RNFL and CI should be investigated in the future.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Constrição Patológica , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Vasos Retinianos , Fibras Nervosas
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133934, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447370

RESUMO

It remains unclear how symbiotic microbes impact the growth of peanuts when they are exposed to the pollutants cadmium (Cd) and microplastics (MPs) simultaneously. This study aimed to investigate the effects of endophytic bacteria Bacillus velezens SC60 and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus irregularis on peanut growth and rhizosphere microbial communities in the presence of Cd at 40 (Cd40) or 80 (Cd80) mg kg-1 combined without MP or the presence of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and poly butyleneadipate-co-terephthalate (PBAT). This study assessed soil indicators, plant parameters, and Cd accumulation indicators. Results showed that the application of R. irregularis and B. velezens significantly enhanced soil organic carbon and increased Cd content under the conditions of Cd80 and MPs co-pollution. R. irregularis and B. velezens treatment increased peanut absorption and the enrichment coefficient for Cd, with predominate concentrations localized in the peanut roots, especially under combined pollution by Cd and MPs. Under treatments with Cd40 and Cd80 combined with PBAT pollution, soil microbes Proteobacteria exhibited a higher relative abundance, while Actinobacteria showed a higher relative abundance under treatments with Cd40 and Cd80 combined with LDPE pollution. In conclusion, under the combined pollution conditions of MPs and Cd, the co-treatment of R. irregularis and B. velezens effectively immobilized Cd in peanut roots, impeding its translocation to the shoot.


Assuntos
Glomeromycota , Micorrizas , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Arachis , Carbono , Polietileno , Solo , Raízes de Plantas , Bactérias , Poluição Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
3.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 68(6): e2300443, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456781

RESUMO

SCOPE: Gut microbiota can convert a variety of alkaloids and TMAO into TMA, which is then transported by the blood to the liver, and converted into TMAO. In recent years, TMAO has attracted wide attention as a metabolic risk factor in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other diseases. However, it is still unclear about the role of gut microbial metabolite TMA in the adverse health impacts of TMAO. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male C57BL/6J is treated with intraperitoneal (i.p.) or oral TMAO for 8 weeks, the area under the OGTT curve of oral group is significantly increased by about 15% compared to the control and injection groups. Serum triglyceride levels in the oral group are significantly higher by 28.2% and 24.6% than those in the control and injection groups, respectively. Meanwhile, cholesterol content in serum is significantly elevated by 27.6% and 30.7%. Similarly, proinflammatory factors gene expressions are significantly increased with oral but not i.p. TMAO intervention. Furthermore, transformation in HepG2 cells shows that TMAO could not be converted into TMA by hepatocytes. CONCLUSION: The adverse effects of TMAO on glucose and lipid metabolism in C57BL/6J mice may act through gut microbiota metabolite TMA.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Camundongos , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Glucose/farmacologia , Metilaminas , Colina/farmacologia
5.
Eur J Pediatr ; 183(4): 1741-1750, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233605

RESUMO

Differences in clinical characteristics of early-onset and late-onset severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections in neonates remain unclear. This study aimed to determine whether there are differences in the main clinical, radiological, and laboratory features of early-onset and late-onset SARS-CoV-2 infections in neonates. This single-center, prospective cohort study enrolled neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection from December 7, 2022, to January 3, 2023, and evaluated their clinical characteristics during hospitalization. All neonates (N = 58) infected with SARS-CoV-2 within 28 days of birth who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Taizhou Hospital were included. These neonates were classified into the early-onset (diagnosed within 7 days of birth) and late-onset (diagnosed more than 7 days after birth) groups. The symptoms, treatment, and prognosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection were the main study outcomes. The incidence of hospitalization attributable to SARS-CoV-2 infection was 10.6% (58 of 546 neonates) in Linhai. Sixteen (28%) of the 58 SARS-CoV-2 infections were early-onset cases, and 42 (72%) were late-onset cases. The common symptoms among the late-onset group were fever (p < 0.001) and cough (p < 0.001). Neonates with late-onset SARS-CoV-2 infection (p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to develop pneumonia.  Conclusion: The clinical symptoms and rates of pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection in neonates differed between the early-onset and late-onset groups. Different clinical management is necessary for neonates with early-onset and late-onset SARS-CoV-2 infections. What is Known: • Neonates are susceptible to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). • Differences in clinical characteristics of early-onset and late-onset SARS-CoV-2 infections in neonates remain unclear. What is New: • Fever and cough were the most common symptoms among neonates with late-onset infection. • Neonates with late-onset SARS-CoV-2 infection were more likely to develop pneumonia.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Prospectivos , Tosse , Febre/etiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico
6.
iScience ; 27(1): 108702, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205260

RESUMO

Immunogenic cell death (ICD) can activate the anticancer immune response and its occurrence requires high reliance on oxidative stress. Inducing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a desirable capability for ICD inducers. However, in the category of ICD-associated drugs, numerous reported ICD inducers are a series of anthracyclines and weak in ICD induction. Herein, a mitochondria-targeting dihydroartemisinin derivative (T-D) was synthesized by conjugating triphenylphosphonium (TPP) to dihydroartemisinin (DHA). T-D can selectively accumulate in mitochondria to trigger ROS generation, leading to the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and ER stress. Notably, T-D exhibits far more potent ICD-inducing properties than its parent compound. In vivo, T-D-treated breast cancer cell vaccine inhibits metastasis to the lungs and tumor growth. These results indicate that T-D is an excellent ROS-based ICD inducer with the specific function of trigging vigorous ROS in mitochondria and sets an example for incorporating artemisinin-based drugs into the ICD field.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 11(34): 8212-8218, 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38130789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but life-threatening condition. It is an immune-mediated disease that has a wide range of causes, elicits a hyperinflammatory response, and results in multiple organ damage. Clinical presentations vary, and in some cases, jaundice occurs as the first symptom. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 71-year-old female patient who presented with jaundice. She was admitted to our hospital because of the occurrence of "jaundice for half a month", and upon examination, obstructive jaundice with choledocholithiasis and gallstones was suggested. Cholecystectomy and choledocholithotomy were performed. However, the jaundice did not improve after surgery. We found splenomegaly, cytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, and elevated ferritin. Bone marrow biopsy revealed hemophagocytosis. Later, cardiac arrest occurred when she returned 3 wk after the surgery. We considered that HLH was triggered by septic shock. The patient's condition deteriorated rapidly, with multiple organ dysfunction and severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Corticosteroid therapy and symptomatic treatment failed to save her life. CONCLUSION: Jaundice rarely presents as the first symptom in HLH patients. The HLH in this case was triggered by septic shock with jaundice as the first symptom. Clinicians should try hard to reduce missed diagnoses and misdiagnoses.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(17): 4761-4773, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37802815

RESUMO

The potential anti-stroke active components in Taohong Siwu Decoction(THSWD) were identified by target cell trapping coupled with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). The underlying mechanism of active components in THSWD in the treatment of ischemic stroke(IS) was explored by network pharmacology, molecular docking, and experimental validation. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology combined with the UNIFI data analysis platform was used to analyze the composition of the cellular fragmentation fluid after co-incubation of THSWD with target cells. The targets of potential active components and IS were collected by network pharmacology, and the common targets underwent protein-protein interaction(PPI), Gene Ontology(GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analyses. The target cell trapping component-core target-signaling pathway network was constructed, and the active components were molecularly docked to the top targets in the PPI network, followed by pharmacodynamic validation in vitro. Fifteen active components were identified in the target cellular fragmentation fluid, including bicyclic monoterpenes, cyanoglycosides, flavonols, quinoid chalcones, phenylpropanoids, and tannins. As revealed by the analysis of network pharmacology, THSWD presumably regulated PI3K-AKT, FoxO, MAPK, Jak-STAT, VEGF, HIF-1, and other signaling pathways to affect inflammatory cascade reaction, angiogenesis, oxidative stress, pyroptosis, apoptosis, and other pathological processes via paeoniflorin, butylphthalide, dehydrated safflower yellow B, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, amygdalin, paeoniflorin, and ligusticolactone. Molecular docking and in vitro pharmacodynamic validation revealed that the target cell trapping active components could promote neovascularization in rat brain microvascular endothelial cells(rBMECs) in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) model. The application of target cell trapping coupled with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology can rapidly screen out the potential active components in THSWD. The active components of THSWD can be predicted to intervene in the pathogenesis of IS through network pharmacology, and molecular docking combined with experimental validation can further clarify the efficacy, thus providing a theoretical basis for research ideas on the pharmacodynamic substance basis of traditional Chinese medicine compounds.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , AVC Isquêmico , Animais , Ratos , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Células Endoteliais , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
9.
Cell Death Differ ; 30(12): 2462-2476, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37845385

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) regulate cell cycle progression and the transcription of a number of genes, including lipid metabolism-related genes, and aberrant lipid metabolism is involved in prostate carcinogenesis. Previous studies have shown that CDK13 expression is upregulated and fatty acid synthesis is increased in prostate cancer (PCa). However, the molecular mechanisms linking CDK13 upregulation and aberrant lipid metabolism in PCa cells remain largely unknown. Here, we showed that upregulation of CDK13 in PCa cells increases the fatty acyl chains and lipid classes, leading to lipid deposition in the cells, which is positively correlated with the expression of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC1), the first rate-limiting enzyme in fatty acid synthesis. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that ACC1 mediates CDK13-induced lipid accumulation and PCa progression by enhancing lipid synthesis. Mechanistically, CDK13 interacts with RNA-methyltransferase NSUN5 to promote its phosphorylation at Ser327. In turn, phosphorylated NSUN5 catalyzes the m5C modification of ACC1 mRNA, and then the m5C-modified ACC1 mRNA binds to ALYREF to enhance its stability and nuclear export, thereby contributing to an increase in ACC1 expression and lipid deposition in PCa cells. Overall, our results disclose a novel function of CDK13 in regulating the ACC1 expression and identify a previously unrecognized CDK13/NSUN5/ACC1 pathway that mediates fatty acid synthesis and lipid accumulation in PCa cells, and targeting this newly identified pathway may be a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of PCa.


Assuntos
Acetil-CoA Carboxilase , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/genética , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase CDC2 , Ácidos Graxos , Lipídeos , Metiltransferases , Proteínas Musculares , Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
10.
Lab Invest ; 103(12): 100260, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37839635

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most prevalent types of cancer worldwide, has an exceedingly poor prognosis. Tandem C2 domain nuclear protein (TC2N) has been implicated in tumorigenesis and serves as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in different types of cancer. Here, we explore the possible regulatory activities and molecular mechanisms of TC2N in HCC progression. However, TC2N expression was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues and hepatoma cell lines, and this upregulation was positively correlated with tumor progression in HCC patients. The ectopic overexpression of TC2N accelerated the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells, whereas its knockdown showed the opposite effects. Bioinformatics analysis showed that TC2N participates in the regulation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Mechanistically, TC2N activated the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway by regulating the expression levels of ß-catenin and its downstream targets CyclinD1, MMP7, c-Myc, c-Jun, AXIN2, and glutamine synthase. Furthermore, the deletion of ß-catenin effectively neutralized the regulation of TC2N in HCC proliferation and metastasis. Overall, this study showed that TC2N promotes HCC proliferation and metastasis by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, indicating that TC2N might be a potential molecular target for the treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
11.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(15)2023 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37570081

RESUMO

The bond between a steel reinforcement/rod and glulam plays a crucial role in the resistance and deformation capacity of timbers joints. Existing studies provide different bond-slip models for reinforcements and rods with different anchorage lengths, in which the relationship between local bond stress and global bond behaviour cannot not be established. This study presents a unified analytical method for predicting the bond-slip behaviour of ribbed bars and threaded rods along the grain using a local bond-slip model of reinforcement at the elastic and post-yield stages. In the analytical method, equilibrium, compatibility, and constitutive models for reinforcement and rods are considered. The method is verified using test data of rebars and rods with different anchorage lengths. Comparisons between the experimental and calculated results suggest that the analytical method yields reasonably good predictions of the load-slip relationship and failure mode. Furthermore, the embedment lengths required for yield and the ultimate strengths of the reinforcement and rods along the grain are determined by assuming uniform bond stress distributions over the elastic and post-yield steel segment. The average bond stress over the entire anchorage length is calculated and compared with existing equations. Design recommendations for anchorage lengths are proposed for ribbed bars and threaded rods glued in glulam.

12.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 11(5): 1150-1160, 2023 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37577229

RESUMO

Background and Aims: The results of basic research implicate the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family as a potential target of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). However, the negative results of anti-angiogenetic therapy in clinical studies have highlighted the need for markers for HPS. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether VEGF family members and their receptors can be potential biomarkers for HPS through clinical and experimental studies. Methods: Clinically, patients with chronic liver disease from two medical centers were enrolled and examined for HPS. Patients were divided into HPS, intrapulmonary vascular dilation [positive contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CEE) and normal oxygenation] and CEE-negative groups. Baseline information and perioperative clinical data were compared between HPS and non-HPS patients. Serum levels of VEGF family members and their receptors were measured. In parallel, HPS rats were established by common bile duct ligation. Liver, lung and serum samples were collected for the evaluation of pathophysiologic changes, as well as the expression levels of the above factors. Results: In HPS rats, all VEGF family members and their receptors underwent significant changes; however, only soluble VEGFR1 (sFlt-1) and the sFlt-1/ placental growth factor (PLGF) ratio were changed in almost the same manner as those in HPS patients. Furthermore, through feature selection and internal and external validation, sFlt-1 and the sFlt-1/PLGF ratio were identified as the most important variables to distinguish HPS from non-HPS patients. Conclusions: Our results from animal and human studies indicate that sFlt-1 and the sFlt-1/PLGF ratio in serum are potential markers for HPS.

13.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 291, 2023 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37542260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation improves functional recovery in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients, and assessing patients for rehabilitation is the first step in this process. However, little is known about clinical practice in China regarding the assessment and provision of rehabilitation for patients with SAH. METHODS: To identify patients hospitalized with SAH and to analyze rehabilitation assessment rates, we used data for 11,234 SAH patients admitted to 861 hospitals from the China Stroke Center Alliance from August 2015 to July 2019. We examined factors for rehabilitation assessment and analyzed the relationship between rehabilitation assessment and outcomes in these patients. RESULTS: Among 11,234 patients with SAH, 6,513 (58.0%) were assessed for rehabilitation. Assessed patients had an increased length of stay (mean ± SD days: 17.3 ± 12.5 versus 11.6 ± 10.5, P = 49.4), a higher Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score on admission (mean ± SD GCS score: 12.3 ± 3.8 versus 11.8 ± 4.4, P = 12.2), and were more likely to be admitted to the stroke unit (19.6% versus 13.8%, P = 15.6). In multivariable analysis, factors associated with an increased likelihood of a rehabilitation assessment (p < 0.05) included a longer length of stay (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04 to 1.05) and care such as dysphagia screening (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.73 to 2.04), DVT prophylaxis (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.41 to 1.72) and vessel evaluation (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.63 to 1.98). For the multivariate analysis of outcomes, patients undergoing rehabilitation assessment had a longer length of stay (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.81 to 2.12), a higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at discharge (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.36 to 1.64), and higher rates of discharge to a rehabilitation center (OR, 3.23; 95% CI, 1.81-5.75). CONCLUSION: More than two-fifths of SAH patients were not assessed for rehabilitation. Rates vary considerably among hospital grades, and there is a need to improve adherence to recommended care for SAH patients.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , População do Leste Asiático , Hospitalização , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 11(1): 129, 2023 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37559109

RESUMO

Focal Cortical Dysplasia (FCD) is a frequent cause of drug-resistant focal epilepsy in children and young adults. The international FCD classifications of 2011 and 2022 have identified several clinico-pathological subtypes, either occurring isolated, i.e., FCD ILAE Type 1 or 2, or in association with a principal cortical lesion, i.e., FCD Type 3. Here, we addressed the DNA methylation signature of a previously described new subtype of FCD 3D occurring in the occipital lobe of very young children and microscopically defined by neuronal cell loss in cortical layer 4. We studied the DNA methylation profile using 850 K BeadChip arrays in a retrospective cohort of 104 patients with FCD 1 A, 2 A, 2B, 3D, TLE without FCD, and 16 postmortem specimens without neurological disorders as controls, operated in China or Germany. DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks with microscopically confirmed lesions, and DNA methylation profiles were bioinformatically analyzed with a recently developed deep learning algorithm. Our results revealed a distinct position of FCD 3D in the DNA methylation map of common FCD subtypes, also different from non-FCD epilepsy surgery controls or non-epileptic postmortem controls. Within the FCD 3D cohort, the DNA methylation signature separated three histopathology subtypes, i.e., glial scarring around porencephalic cysts, loss of layer 4, and Rasmussen encephalitis. Differential methylation in FCD 3D with loss of layer 4 mapped explicitly to biological pathways related to neurodegeneration, biogenesis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components, axon guidance, and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Our data suggest that DNA methylation signatures in cortical malformations are not only of diagnostic value but also phenotypically relevant, providing the molecular underpinnings of structural and histopathological features associated with epilepsy. Further studies will be necessary to confirm these results and clarify their functional relevance and epileptogenic potential in these difficult-to-treat children.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos , Epilepsia , Displasia Cortical Focal , Malformações do Desenvolvimento Cortical , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Malformações do Desenvolvimento Cortical/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações do Desenvolvimento Cortical/genética , Metilação de DNA , Epilepsia/genética , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
15.
Mar Drugs ; 21(6)2023 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37367679

RESUMO

The growth and development of the fetus and newborn throughout pregnancy and lactation are directly related to the nutritional status of the mother, which has a significant impact on the health of the offspring. The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the susceptibility of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency in early life to seizures in adulthood. The n-3 PUFAs-deficient mice's offspring were established and then fed with α-LNA diet, DHA-enriched ethyl ester, and DHA-enriched phospholipid-containing diets for 17 days at the age of eight weeks. During this period, animals received intraperitoneal injections of 35 mg/kg of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) every other day for eight days. The results showed that dietary n-3 PUFA-deficiency in early life could aggravate PTZ-induced epileptic seizures and brain disorders. Notably, nutritional supplementation with n-3 PUFAs in adulthood for 17 days could significantly recover the brain n-3 fatty acid and alleviate the epilepsy susceptibility as well as raise seizure threshold to different levels by mediating the neurotransmitter disturbance and mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, demyelination, and neuroinflammation status of the hippocampus. DHA-enriched phospholipid possessed a superior effect on alleviating the seizure compared to α-LNA and DHA-enriched ethyl ester. Dietary n-3 PUFA deficiency in early life increases the susceptibility to PTZ-induced epilepsy in adult offspring, and nutritional supplementation with n-3 PUFAs enhances the tolerance to the epileptic seizure.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Feminino , Gravidez , Camundongos , Animais , Pentilenotetrazol/toxicidade , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/farmacologia , Dieta , Fosfolipídeos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Epilepsia/induzido quimicamente , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/prevenção & controle
16.
World J Clin Cases ; 11(10): 2308-2314, 2023 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37122521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conservative treatments have been reported to diminish or resolve clinical symptoms of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) within a few weeks. CASE SUMMARY: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar region of a 25-year-old male diagnosed with LIDH showed prolapse of the L5/S2 disc. The disc extended 1.0 cm beyond the vertebral edge and hung along the posterior vertebral edge. The patient elected a conservative treatment regimen that included traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), acupuncture, and massage. During a follow-up period of more than 12 mo, good improvement in pain was reported without complications. MRI of the lumbar region after 12 mo showed obvious reabsorption of the herniation. CONCLUSION: A conservative treatment regimen of TCM, acupuncture, and massage promoted reabsorption of a prolapsed disc.

17.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 39(8): 811-823, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37132584

RESUMO

Skin is the first line of the body to resist pathogen invasion. A potentially fatal infection may result from problems with wound healing. Small molecule drugs like astragaloside IV (AS-IV) show pro-healing activities, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Using real-time quantitative PCR and a western blot assay, the amount of gene expression was evaluated. The proliferation and migration of keratinocytes were determined by MTS and wound healing assay, respectively. The binding of lncRNA H19 to RBP protein ILF3 and the binding of ILF3 protein to CDK4 mRNA were confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation. Treatment with AS-IV enhanced the expression of lncRNA H19, ILF3, and CDK4 and improved the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes HaCaT. Additionally, apoptosis of keratinocytes was attenuated by AS-IV. Further studies showed that both lncRNA H19 and ILF3 were important for AS-IV-mediated keratinocyte growth and migration. In addition, lncRNA H19 recruited ILF3 to increase CDK4 mRNA level and enhanced cell proliferation. We discovered a lncRNA H19/ILF3/CDK4 axis that is activated by AS-IV to promote keratinocyte migration and proliferation. These results elucidate the mechanism of action of AS-IV and justify its application in further application in wound healing treatment.


Assuntos
Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina , Queratinócitos , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90 , RNA Longo não Codificante , Proliferação de Células/genética , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/genética , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/genética
18.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(3): 510-516, 2023 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37248576

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) on the polarization of macrophages and the regulatory effect of polarized macrophages on the stemness and migration of OSCC cells. Methods: A total of 30 OSCC tissue samples, 10 dysplastic oral tissue samples, and 10 normal oral tissue samples were collected. The status of all tissue samples was confirmed by pathology analysis. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and immunofluorescence (IF) staining were performed to examine the cell count and location of M2 macrophages in different types of oral tissue samples. The conditioned medium (CM) of OSCC cell line CAL-27 from the human tongue was collected and the cfDNA was concentrated and isolated for identification. The macrophages were treated by cfDNA and their morphological characteristics were observed under microscope. The expression levels of polarization-related indicators were determined by RT-qPCR. CAL-27 cell line was treated with macrophage CM induced by cfDNA and the expression levels of stemness-related genes were determined by RT-qPCR. Scratch-wound assay was conducted to verify that the migration ability of CAL-27 was modulated by macrophages induced by cfDNA. Results: There were more M2 macrophages in the deep connective tissue of dysplastic oral epithelium and the stroma of OSCC compared with those in the normal oral tissues ( P<0.05). OSCC cell line CAL-27 could secret cfDNA of 10000-15000 bp in length. cfDNA secreted by CAL-27 could induced in macrophages significantly higher expression of M2-macrophage-related genes ( P<0.05). cfDNA-treated macrophages induced significantly increased expression of stemness-related genes in CAL-27 cell line ( P<0.05) and promoted the migration ability of CAL-27 cell line ( P<0.05). Conclusion: OSCC-derived cfDNA promotes stemness and migration of OSCC cell line by inducing M2 macrophage polarization.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Movimento Celular
19.
Virol Sin ; 38(3): 419-428, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37086853

RESUMO

TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) is a nodal protein involved in multiple signal transduction pathways. In RNA virus-mediated innate immunity, TBK1 is recruited to the prion-like platform formed by MAVS and subsequently activates the transcription factors IRF3/7 and NF-κB to produce type I interferon (IFN) and proinflammatory cytokines for the signaling cascade. In this study, TRAF7 was identified as a negative regulator of innate immune signaling. TRAF7 interacts with TBK1 and promotes K48-linked polyubiquitination and degradation of TBK1 through its RING domain, impairing the activation of IRF3 and the production of IFN-ß. In addition, we found that the conserved cysteine residues at position 131 of TRAF7 are necessary for its function toward TBK1. Knockout of TRAF7 could facilitate the activation of IRF3 and increase the transcript levels of downstream antiviral genes. These data suggest that TRAF7 negatively regulates innate antiviral immunity by promoting the K48-linked ubiquitination of TBK1.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I , Transdução de Sinais , Humanos , Ubiquitinação , Imunidade Inata , Antivirais , Células HEK293 , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas Associados a Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral
20.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1106888, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37032849

RESUMO

Soil fungi play an indispensable role in forest ecosystems by participating in energy flow, material circulation, and assisting plant growth and development. Larix gmelinii is the dominant tree species in the greater Khingan Mountains, which is the only cold temperate coniferous forest in China. Understanding the variations in underground fungi will help us master the situation of L. gmelinii above ground. We collected soil samples from three seasons and analyzed the differences in soil fungal community structure using high-throughput sequencing technology to study the seasonal changes in soil fungal community structure in L. gmelinii forests. We found that the Shannon and Chao1 diversity in autumn was significantly lower than in spring and summer. The community composition and functional guild varied significantly between seasons. Furthermore, we showed that ectomycorrhizal fungi dominated the functional guilds. The relative abundance of ectomycorrhizal fungi increased dramatically from summer to autumn and was significantly negatively correlated with temperature and precipitation. Temperature and precipitation positively affect the alpha diversity of fungi significantly. In addition, pH was negatively correlated with the Chao1 diversity. Temperature and precipitation significantly affected several dominant genera and functional guilds. Among the soil physicochemical properties, several dominant genera were affected by pH, and the remaining individual genera and functional guilds were significantly correlated with total nitrogen, available phosphorus, soil organic carbon, or cation exchange capacity. For the composition of total fungal community, temperature and precipitation, as well as soil physicochemical properties except AP, significantly drove the variation in community composition.

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