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1.
ACS Sens ; 5(7): 1987-1995, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529833

RESUMO

Discovery of novel liver injury indicators and development of practical assays to detect target indicator(s) would strongly facilitate the diagnosis of liver disorders. Herein, an alternative biomarker discovery strategy was applied to find suitable endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein(s) as serologic indicator(s) for hepatocyte injury via analysis of the human proteome database among plasma and various organs. Both database searching and preliminary experiments suggested that human carboxylesterase 1A (CES1A), one of the most abundant and hepatic-restricted proteins, could serve as a good serologic indicator for hepatocyte injury. Then, a highly selective and practical bioluminescent sensor was developed for real-time sensing of CES1A in various biological systems including plasma. With the help of this bioluminescent sensor, the release of hepatic CES1A into the extracellular medium or the circulation system could be directly monitored. Further investigations demonstrated that serum activity levels of CES1A were elevated dramatically in mice with liver injury or patients with liver diseases. Collectively, this study provided solid evidence to support that CES1A was a novel serological indicator for hepatocyte injury. Furthermore, the strategy used in this study paved a new way for the rational discovery of practical indicators to monitor the dynamic progression of injury in a given tissue or organ.

2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 212, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report the clinical and genetic findings from seven Chinese patients with choroideremia. METHODS: Five hundred seventy-eight patients with a clinically suspected diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on samples from all patients. Detailed clinical characteristics of the patients with choroideremia identified in this study were assessed using multimodal imaging. RESULTS: Seven patients with choroideremia were identified, and six novel variants in CHM (c.1960 T > C p.Ter654Gln, c.1257del p.Ile420*fs1, c.1103_1121delATGGCAACACTCCATTTTT p.Tyr368Cysfs35, c.1414-2A > T, and c.1213C > T p.Gln405Ter, c.117-1G > A) were revealed. All variants were deleterious mutations: two were frameshifts, two were nonsense mutations, two were splicing mutations, and one was a readthrough mutation. The clinical phenotypes of these patients were markedly heterogeneous, and they shared many common clinical features with RP, including night blindness, constriction of the visual field and gradually reduced visual acuity. However, patients with choroideremia showed pigment hypertrophy and clumping, and chorioretinal atrophy, and a majority of patients with choroideremia presented with retinal tubulations in the outer layer of the retina. CONCLUSIONS: We provide a detailed description of the genotypes and phenotypes of seven patients with choroideremia who were accurately diagnosed using NGS. These findings provide a better understanding of the genetics and phenotypes of choroideremia.

3.
Clin Genet ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583420

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), a class of long RNAs, are longer than 200 nucleotides in length but lack protein-coding capacity. LncRNAs, as critical genomic regulators, are involved in genomic imprinting regulation, histone modification and gene expression regulation as well as tumor initiation and progression. However, it is also found that lncRNAs are associated with drug resistance in several types of cancer. Drug resistance is an important reason for clinical chemotherapy failure, and the molecular mechanism of tumor resistance is complex, which is a process of multi-cause, multi-gene and multi-signal transduction pathway interaction. Then comprehending the mechanisms of chemoresistance will help find ways to control the tumor progression effectively. Therefore, in this review, we will construct lncRNAs /drug resistance interaction network and shed light on the role of lncRNAs in drug resistance.

4.
Cell Adh Migr ; 14(1): 118-128, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538273

RESUMO

Heparin, including unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and heparin derivatives, are commonly used in venous thromboembolism treatment and reportedly have beneficial effects on cancer survival. Heparin can affect the proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis, migration and invasion of cancer cells via multiple mechanisms. The main mechanisms involve inhibition of heparanase, P-/L-selectin, angiogenesis, and interference with the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis. Here we summarize the current experimental evidence regarding the anti-cancer role of heparin and its derivatives, and conclude that there is evidence to support heparin's role in inhibiting cancer progression, making it a promising anti-cancer agent.

5.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 1983-1993, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546965

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown that α-mangostin (MG) could exert anti-rheumatic effects in vivo by restoring immunity homeostasis, and have indicated that activation of the choline anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP) may contribute to this immunomodulatory property. The current study was designed to further investigate the effects of MG on the CAP in peripheral immune cells and clarify its relevance to the potential anti-rheumatic actions. Methods: The catalytic activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and expression of α7-nicotinic cholinergic receptor (α7nAChR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) or human volunteers were evaluated after MG treatment. Consequent influences on the immune environment were assessed by flow cytometry and ELISA analyses. Indirect effects on joints resulting from these immune changes were studied in a co-culture system comprised of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) and PBMCs. Results: MG promoted α7nAChR expression in PBMCs both in vivo and in vitro, and inhibited the enzymatic activity of AChE simultaneously. Activation of the CAP was accompanied by a significant decrease in Th17 cells (CD4+IL-17A+), while no obvious changes concerning the distribution of other T-cell subsets were noticed upon MG treatment. Meanwhile, MG decreased the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1ß under inflammatory conditions. PBMCs from MG-treated CIA rats lost the potential to stimulate NF-κB activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production of FLSs in the co-culture system. Conclusion: Overall, the evidence suggested that MG can improve the peripheral immune milieu in CIA rats by suppressing Th17-cell differentiation through CAP activation, and achieve remission of inflammation mediated by FLSs.

6.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 400-404, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425006

RESUMO

Public health crises, such as the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since Dec. 2019, are widely acknowledged as severe traumatic events that impose threats not only because of physical concerns but also because of the psychological distress of infected patients. We designed an internet-based integrated intervention and evaluated its efficacy on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Internet , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autocuidado/métodos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Telefone Celular , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Angústia Psicológica , Terapia de Relaxamento
7.
J Anim Ecol ; 89(8): 1851-1859, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329064

RESUMO

In sexually reproducing animals, the process of mate choice by females is often mixed with the process of male-male competition. Current models of female male choice focus mainly on how females identify the higher quality of males, but neglect the effect of male-male competition on the mate choice of females. Therefore, it remains controversial what is the relative importance of two processes in forming a social bond. We propose a new 'trial marriage' model for females' mate choice. The model assumes that females unconditionally accept any male they first encounter as their mating partner, and then conditionally switch mates to a new male of higher quality than their current partner when male-male competition occurs. This model was tested in the green weevil Hypomeces squamosus by exploring how females switched mates when males' mating interference was experimentally induced. The likelihood that females switched mates, as well as their conditional acceptance criteria of a new mate, was both raised with the intensity of males' mating interference that was manipulated in an enhanced encounter rate experiment, and in male introduction or stepwise removal experiments. These experimental findings confirm that a 'trial marriage' strategy occurs during females' mate choice. Compared with other strategies, it is more beneficial for females to choose a better mate without paying the costs of identifying males as suggested by the 'trial marriage' strategy. More importantly, using the current partner quality as the conditional acceptance threshold of new mates, females can choose better males in future encounters with potential mates. In the green weevils, males' preference for larger females and the higher possibility of the largest male winning an interference are mixed together when males' mating interference reaches a higher intensity. Therefore, the consequence of a male interference will determine which male could be chosen by a female. Under this condition, conditional acceptance of the winner becomes the most beneficial strategy of females in choosing their mates. We thus suggest that the 'trial marriage' strategy would be more efficient when males' mating interference becomes the determinant factor of females' mate choice.

8.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 526(3): 805-812, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effect of paeoniflorin-6'-O-benzene sulfonate (CP-25) on the migration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the mechanism focused on CXCR4-Gßγ-PI3K/AKT signaling. METHODS: Human synovial tissues were collected from RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the protein expression of CXCR4, GRK2, Gßγ, PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT and p-AKT. Transwell was adopted to analyse the migration of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) were used to detect the combination of GRK2 and Gßγ, the combination of PI3K and Gßγ. RESULTS: The expression level of CXCR4, GRK2, Gßγ, p-p85 and p-AKT were increased in RA synovial tissue according to the results of IHC and Western blot. In vitro, the migration of FLS was increased after stimulation of CXCL12, inhibition of Gßγ suppressed the migration and phosphorylation of p85 and AKT induced by CXCL12 in FLS, and CP-25 had the same effect as inhibition of Gßγ. The membrane expression of GRK2, Gßγ, PI3K and the combination of GRK2 and Gßγ, the combination of PI3K and Gßγ in FLS were increased after the stimulation of CXCL12, and CP-25 had an ability in reducing the membrane expression and the combination of these proteins. CONCLUSION: Excessive migration of FLS in RA was associated with over-activation of PI3K/AKT signaling, and the activity of Gßγ was involved in the over-activation of PI3K/AKT. CP-25 down-regulated CXCR4-Gßγ-PI3K/AKT signals by inhibiting GRK2-Gßγ complex membrane translocation.

9.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(3): 10, 2020 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176261

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of occult macular dystrophy (OMD) based on a Chinese patient cohort. Methods: Fifteen Chinese OMD patients from nine unrelated families underwent genetic testing, and all of them harbored a pathogenic RP1L1 variant. Comprehensive ophthalmic examinations were performed in nine probands, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), near-infrared reflectance (NIR), fundus autofluorescence (AF), and multifocal electroretinography. Results: The RP1L1 variants p.R45W and p.S1199C were identified in 13 patients and two patients, respectively, and one was a de novo mutation. Among the nine probands, the median ages at onset and examination were 25.0 years (range, 6-51 years) and 27.0 years (range, 14-55 years), respectively. The median decimal visual acuity was 0.20 (range, 0.04-0.5). Foveal photoreceptor thickness and visual acuity showed a significant correlation (r = 0.591; P = 0.01). All eyes presented with an absent interdigitation zone and blurred ellipsoid zone of photoreceptors when examined by SD-OCT. In addition, central round lesions with low NIR reflectance were observed in 66.7% (12/18) of eyes by NIR reflectance imaging, corresponding to the regions with abnormal photoreceptor microstructures observed by SD-OCT. Of the 18 eyes, only four eyes showed ring-like faint hyperfluorescence around the macula by AF. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest study in a cohort of Chinese OMD patients with RP1L1 mutations. Our findings revealed that the two recurrent RP1L1 variants are related to OMD in the Chinese population. Furthermore, multimodal imaging combined with genetic testing is valuable for diagnosing and monitoring OMD progression.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Degeneração Macular/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrorretinografia , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração Macular/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Linhagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Acuidade Visual/genética , Adulto Jovem
10.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188678

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the frequency of USH2A mutation and the clinical and genetic differences between Usher syndrome type II (USH2) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in a large cohort of Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 1381 patients with inherited retinal disease (IRD) were recruited. The phenotypic and genotypic information of patients with USH2A mutations was evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalence of patients with USH2A mutations was 15.75%, which was the most frequently detected gene in this cohort of patients. Hotspot of USH2A mutations was c.8559-2A >G and c.2802T >G. Patients with USH2 had an earlier and more serious decline of visual function and damage to retina structure than did patients with RP in the first 10 years (p<0.05), but there was no difference in the visual prognosis between the two groups when the course of disease exceeded 10 years (p>0.05). Missense variants had less severe consequences and were found more commonly in RP, whereas more deleterious genotypes were associated with an earlier onset of disease and were found more commonly in USH2. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides detailed clinical-genetic assessment of patients with USH2A mutations of Chinese origin, enabling precise genetic diagnoses, better management of these patients and putative therapeutic approaches.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120850

RESUMO

Few studies have been conducted regarding the biological function and regulation role of gga-miR-221-5p in the liver. We compared the conservation of miR-221-5p among species and investigated the expression pattern of gga-miR-221-5p, validating the direct target genes of gga-miR-221-5p by dual luciferase reporter assay, the biological function of gga-miR-221-5p in the liver was studied by gga-miR-221-5p overexpression and inhibition. Furthermore, we explored the regulation of gga-miR-221-5p and its target genes by treatment with estrogen and estrogen antagonists in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that miR-221-5p was highly conserved among species, expressed in all tested tissues and significantly downregulated in peak-laying hen liver compared to pre-laying hen liver. Gga-miR-221-5p could directly target the expression of elongase of very long chain fatty acids 6 (ELOVL6) and squalene epoxidase (SQLE) genes to affect triglyceride and total cholesterol content in the liver. 17ß-estradiol could significantly inhibit the expression of gga-miR-221-5p but promote the expression of ELOVL6 and SQLE genes. In conclusion, the highly conservative gga-miR-221-5p could directly target ELOVL6 and SQLE mRNAs to affect the level of intracellular triglyceride and total cholesterol. Meanwhile, 17ß-estradiol could repress the expression of gga-miR-221-5p but increase the expression of ELOVL6 and SQLE, therefore promoting the synthesis of intracellular triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the liver of egg-laying chicken.

12.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(6)2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) has become a main cause of the extremely high incidence of thyroid carcinoma. This study aimed to evaluate the longer-term effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided microwave ablation (MWA) for treatment of low-risk PTMC with a large population. METHODS: This prospective study was approved by ethics committee of our institution. MWA was performed under US-guidance for 119 unifocal PTMC patients without clinically cervical or distant metastasis. The target ablation zone exceeded the tumor edge judged by contrast-enhanced US to avoid marginal residue and recurrence. US and thyroid function evaluation were followed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment and every 6 to 12 months thereafter. Any adverse event associated with MWA was evaluated. RESULTS: The follow-up duration after MWA was 37.2 ± 20.9 months (range 12-101 months). Tumor volume decreased significantly from 1.87 ± 1.03 mL immediately after MWA to 0.01 ± 0.04 mL at the final evaluation (P < 0.001), with a mean volume reduction ratio of 99.4 ± 2.2% and 107 cases (93.9%) got complete remission. A patient was detected with cervical lymph node metastasis at 26-month follow-up and underwent 1 additional MWA treatment successfully. No distant metastasis was observed. All the acquired histological pathology results confirmed the absence of residual or recurrent tumor cells after MWA. No delayed complications associated with MWA were encountered for all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous MWA is technically feasible for complete PTMC destruction and showed well longer-term effectiveness; thus, it seems to be an effective nonsurgical therapy to complement the current recommendation for selected low-risk PTMC patients.

13.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 27, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stickler syndrome is the most common genetic cause of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in children, and has a high risk of blindness. Type I (STL1) is the most common subtype, caused by COL2A1 mutations. This study aims to analyze the mutation spectrum of COL2A1 and further elucidate the genotype-phenotype relationships in the East Asian populations with STL1, which is poorly studied at present. METHODS: By searching MEDLINE, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data, HGMD and Clinvar, all publications associated with STL1 were collected. Then, they were carefully screened to obtain all reported STL1-related variants in COL2A1 and clinical features in East Asian patients with STL1. RESULTS: There were 274 COL2A1 variants identified in 999 patients with STL1 from 466 unrelated families, and more than half of them were truncation mutations. Of the 107 STL1 patients reported in the East Asian population, it was found that patients with truncation mutations had milder systemic phenotypes, whereas patients with splicing mutations had severer phenotypes. In addition, several recurrent variants (c.3106C > T, c.1833 + 1G > A, c.2710C > T and c.1693C > T) were found. CONCLUSIONS: Genotype-phenotype correlations should certainly be studied carefully, contributed to making personalized follow-up plans and predicting prognosis of this disorder. Genome editing holds great potential for treating inherited diseases caused by pathogenic mutations. In this study, several recurrent variants were found, providing potential candidate targets for genetic manipulation in the future.


Assuntos
Artrite/genética , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Mutação/genética , Descolamento Retiniano/genética , Artrite/epidemiologia , Artrite/patologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia , Oftalmopatias Hereditárias , Estudos de Associação Genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/patologia , Humanos , Fenótipo , Descolamento Retiniano/epidemiologia , Descolamento Retiniano/patologia
14.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 76(Pt 2): 177-185, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022713

RESUMO

Luminescent cuprous complexes are an important class of coordination compounds due to their relative abundance, low cost and ability to display excellent luminescence. The heteroleptic cuprous complex solvate rac-(acetonitrile-κN)(3-aminopyridine-κN)[2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl-κ2P,P']copper(I) hexafluoridophosphate dichloromethane monosolvate, [Cu(C5H6N2)(C2H3N)(C44H32P2)]PF6·CH2Cl2, conventionally abbreviated as [Cu(3-PyNH2)(CH3CN)(BINAP)]PF6·CH2Cl2, (I), where BINAP and 3-PyNH2 represent 2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)-1,1'-binaphthyl and 3-aminopyridine, respectively, is described. In this complex solvate, the asymmetric unit consists of a cocrystallized dichloromethane molecule, a hexafluoridophosphate anion and a complete racemic heteroleptic cuprous complex cation in which the cuprous centre, in a tetrahedral CuP2N2 coordination, is coordinated by two P atoms from the BINAP ligand, one N atom from the 3-PyNH2 ligand and another N atom from a coordinated acetonitrile molecule. The UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence properties of this heteroleptic cuprous complex have been studied on polycrystalline powder samples, which had been verified by powder X-ray diffraction before recording the spectra. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations and a wavefunction analysis reveal that the orange-yellow phosphorescence emission should originate from intra-ligand (BINAP) charge transfer mixed with a little of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer 3(IL+ML)CT excited state.

15.
Epigenomics ; 12(2): 101-125, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920098

RESUMO

Aim: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) still have many potential functions in the process of tumor development that are not completely understood. The study aims to explore novel circRNAs and their mechanisms of action in breast cancer (BCa). Materials & methods: A combination strategy of RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) technique, quantitative real-time PCR and bioinformatic analysis was employed to identify the potential mechanisms involving differentially expressed circRNAs in the serum exosomes and tissues of BCa patients. Results: The expression levels of hsa-circRNA-0005795 and hsa-circRNA-0088088 were significantly different both in serum exosomes and tissues and might function as competing endogenous RNAs and play vital roles in BCa development. Conclusion: We constructed two circRNA-miRNA networks and provided new insight into the prognosis and therapy of BCa using circRNAs from serum exosomes.

16.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 108(4): 1710-1724, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746127

RESUMO

Cancer cells have been reported to exhibit high resistance against immune system recognition through various cell intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms. Considerable challenges have been encountered in monotherapy with chemotherapeutics to attain the desired antitumor efficacy. In this study, a nanodelivery system was designed to incorporate doxorubicin (DOX) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) small interfering RNA (siRNA), that is, siPD-L1. DOX and siPD-L1 were formed from a stimuli-responsive polymer with a poly-L-lysine-lipoic acid reduction-sensitive core and a tumor extracellular pH-stimulated shedding polyethylene glycol layer. The codelivery system was stable under physiological pH conditions and demonstrated enhanced cellular uptake at the tumor site. Moreover, the combined treatment of DOX and siPD-L1 exhibited improved antitumor effect in vitro and in vivo compared with either modality alone. The combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy presented in this work through the codelivery of a chemotherapeutic agent and a gene-silencing agent (siRNA) may provide a new strategy for cancer treatment.

17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1614: 460725, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767260

RESUMO

In this work, a new analytical method based on polydopamine functionalized magnetic graphene (PDA@MG) adsorbent material has been developed to determine three triazole fungicides in water samples. As previous step, a novel polydopamine functionalized PDA@MG adsorbent material has been successfully prepared, which was characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Based on this novel material, a new magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) method coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has been established for the determination of triazole fungicides in water samples. The main factors which could affect the experimental results were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, good linarites has been achieved in the range of 0.2-50 µg L-1, with the correlation coefficients (R2) were between 0.9962 and 0.9996. The limits of detections (LODs) were 0.0048-0.0084 µg L-1, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were between 1.7% and 4.8%. In addition, enrichment factors (EFs) were 572-916 times, which showed triazole fungicides residues could be accurately extracted and analyzed in this way. In the final experiment, the established method was applied to the detection of target analyzes in water samples. Satisfied results could be obtained for tebuconazole, propiconazole, and flusilazole. The recoveries of five water samples were between 69.4% and 106.4%, and the RSD were between 1.0% and 6.5%. The development method is more easy, effective, green and environmental-friendly, and has potential for application.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Fungicidas Industriais/análise , Grafite/química , Indóis/química , Polímeros/química , Triazóis/análise , Adsorção , Fungicidas Industriais/isolamento & purificação , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Silanos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Triazóis/isolamento & purificação
18.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 98(4): e440-e446, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736238

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore an early, rapid and precise diagnosis of Stickler syndrome type I (STL1) and to enrich the spectrum of COL2A1 mutations in the Chinese population, which is poorly studied at present. METHODS: In the current study, we analysed 115 patients with high myopia by next-generation sequencing and identified five STL1 patients from four unrelated Chinese families. The clinical features of all patients were reviewed in detail. RESULTS: Four variants of COL2A1 were identified, including two novel variants (c.1435delG and c.184delG) and two previously reported variants (c.1221+1G>A and c.1030C>T). Three variants caused premature termination codons which were common in STL1. In addition, we proposed a new diagnostic tactic to improve early diagnostics of STL1 in patients. CONCLUSION: In this study, our findings expanded the spectrum of COL2A1 mutations with two novel variants and provided a new diagnostic tactic for reference, which was of great significance. Precise diagnosis on the basis of clinical manifestations and genetic testing will become the gold standard to diagnose inherited ocular disorders or syndromes in the future.

19.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(11): 6739-6753, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814885

RESUMO

MircoRNAs (miRNAs) are a diverse family of highly-conserved small non-coding RNAs, which range from approximately 18 to 25 nucleotides in size. They regulate gene expression transcriptionally or post-transcriptionally via binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of target message RNAs (mRNAs). MiRNAs have emerged as molecular regulators that participate in physiological and pathological processes of diverse malignancies. Among them, miRNA-145 (miR-145) played a profound role in tumorigenesis and progression of various neoplasms. In this review, we summarized the recent findings regarding miR-145, to elucidate its functional roles in cell invasion and migration of diverse human malignancies, and considered it a potential biomarker for cancer diagnosis, screening, and prognosis.

20.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(20): 3364-3371, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of multiple primary malignancies (MPMs) has increased due to the improvements and development of diagnostic techniques, in conjunction with extended life span. Notably however, reports of synchronous quadruple primary malignancies remain extremely rare. CASE SUMMARY: Herein we describe the case of a 56-year-old woman who was diagnosed with synchronous quadruple multiple primary cancers, namely an endocervical adenocarcinoma admixed with neuroendocrine features, localized endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma, unilateral endometrioid ovarian carcinoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma. All four of these tumors were removed in one combined surgical procedure. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge the above-described combination of multiple synchronous primary malignancies has not been previously reported. The nature of the association between them is unknown. Further research should focus on the etiology and mechanisms involved in MPMs.

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