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2.
J Nutr ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DHA (22:6n-3), a long-chain n-3 PUFA, is essential for normal brain development and function. Our previous study demonstrated that DHA significantly improves scopolamine-induced dementia. However, there are no reports on the relation between n-3 PUFA deficiency and scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether n-3 PUFA deficiency increases vulnerability to scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment. METHODS: Male and female C57BL/6 mice were mated and fed an n-3 PUFA-adequate [containing 2.88% α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3)] or -deficient (containing 0.09% ALA) diet for 2 consecutive generations. The corresponding second-generation male offspring were kept on the same diet as their mothers after weaning, and were randomly assigned to 2 subgroups at 7 wk of age, in which they were intraperitoneally injected with saline [fed n-3 PUFA-adequate (Con) or -deficient (Def) diet] or scopolamine [5 mg/kg body weight; fed n-3 PUFA-adequate (Sco) or -deficient (Def + Sco) diet] once per day for 7 d before killing. Behavioral performance was analyzed using the Morris Water Maze test. Fatty acid composition, protein expression, and indicators of cholinergic and oxidative stress in the brain were measured. RESULTS: The Def group showed lower brain DHA (-63.7%, P ≤ 0.01) and higher n-6 PUFA (+65.5%, P ≤ 0.05) concentrations than the Con group. The Def + Sco group and the Sco group showed poorer spatial learning and memory (escape latency on the sixth day: +60.3% and +36.8%; platform crossings: -43.9% and -28.2%, respectively) and more obvious cholinergic dysfunction (acetylcholine: -47.6% and -27.7%, respectively), oxidative stress (glutathione peroxidase: -64.2% and -32.5%, respectively), apoptosis [B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2)-associated X protein/BCL2: +230.8% and +153.8%; phosphorylated P38/P38: +232% and +130%, phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/JNK: +104.5% and +58.8%, respectively], neuroinflammation (IL-1ß: +317.6% and +95%, respectively), and neurodevelopmental delay (brain-derived neurotrophic factor: -54.4% and -7.25%, respectively) than their corresponding saline-treated controls. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary n-3 PUFA deficiency significantly decreases brain DHA concentrations and increases vulnerability to scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment in C57BL/6 male mice.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 40: 116187, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965840

RESUMO

Carboxylesterase 2 (CES2) is one of the most important Phase I drug metabolizing enzymes in the carboxylesterase family. It plays crucial roles in the bioavailability of oral ester prodrugs and the therapeutic effect of some anticancer drugs such as irinotecan (CPT11) and capecitabine. In addition to the well-known roles of CES2 in xenobiotic metabolism, the enzyme also participates in endogenous metabolism and the production of lipids. In this study, we synthesized a series of pyrazolones and assayed their inhibitory effects against CES2 in vitro. Structure-activity relationship analysis of these pyrazolones reveals that the introduction of 4-methylphenyl unit (R1), 4-methylbenzyl (R2) and cyclohexyl (R3) moieties are beneficial for CES2 inhibition. Guided by these SARs results, 1-cyclohexyl-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-p-tolyl-1H- pyrazol-5(4H)-one (27) was designed and synthesized. Further investigations demonstrated that the compound 27 exhibited stronger CES2 inhibition activity with a lower IC50 value (0.13 µM). The inhibition kinetic study demonstrated that compound 27 inhibited the hydrolysis of CES2-fluorescein diacetate (FD) through non-competitive inhibition. In addition, the molecular docking showed that the core of pyrazolone, the cyclohexane moiety, 4-methylbenzyl and 4-methylphenyl groups in compound 27 all played important roles with the amino acid residues of CSE2. Also, compound 27 could inhibit adipocyte adipogenesis induced by mouse preadipocytes. In brief, we designed and synthesized a novel pyrazolone compound with a strong inhibitory ability on CES2 and could inhibit the adipogenesis induced by mouse preadipocytes, which can be served as a promising lead compound for the development of more potent pyrazolone-type CES2 inhibitors, and also used as a potential tool for exploring the biological functions of CES2 in human being.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043169

RESUMO

The generation of hazardous disinfection by-product is one of the major problems in drinking water chlorination. This study aims to investigate the potential of potassium ferrate (K2FeO4) on by-product control. Filtered raw water from a water treatment plant in Jinan was used to evaluate the effects of K2FeO4 dose, pH, ammonia nitrogen, and Br- concentration on trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) and haloacetic acid formation potential (HAAFP). The results present that 3 mg/L K2FeO4 effectively reduced ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm (UV254) by 45%, but removed little dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by 12% at pH 7.40, since K2FeO4 tends to attack the electron-rich part of organic matter molecules but with restricted mineralization ability. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) analyses indicate the effective removal of fulvic acid and humic acid. Increasing K2FeO4 dose reduced THMFP but increased HAAFP, due to their precursors reacting with K2FeO4 in different pathway, while the rising pH or Br- concentration increased THMFP but decreased HAAFP. Both THMFP and HAAFP decrease with increasing ammonia nitrogen concentrations. Additionally, it was found that under alkaline conditions, trihalomethanes (THMs) were dominated by haloacetic acids (HAAs).

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2527-2536, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047100

RESUMO

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 38 active components in Abelmoschi Corolla, including flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides and amino acids, so as to investigate the effects of different harvesting and processing methods on multi-active components in Abelmoschi Corolla. The chromatographic separation was performed on a XBridg®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 µm) with(0.1% formic acid water) methanol-acetonitrile(1∶1) as the mobile phase for gradient elution at 30 ℃. The flow rate was 0.5 mL·min~(-1). The components were detected in a multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The gray relational analysis(GRA) was used to comprehensively evaluate the multiple active components of Abelmoschi Corolla at different harvesting times and drying temperatures. The results showed that 38 components had a good linearity with correlation coefficients all above 0.999 0. The method featured a good precision, repeatability and stability with the relative stan-dard deviations(RSDs) of less than 5.0%. Recoveries ranged from 98.06% to 104.4% with RSD between 0.22% and 4.9%. The results of GRA indicated that a better quality in the samples collected on September 9 th. Samples dried at 90 ℃ had a better quality. The established method is accurate and reliable, and can be used to assess the internal quality of Abelmoschi Corolla. This study can provide basic materials for determining appropriate harvesting time and processing method of Abelmoschi Corolla.


Assuntos
Nucleosídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Aminoácidos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida
6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 174, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The retinoid isomerohydrolase RPE65 has received considerable attention worldwide since a successful clinical gene therapy was approved in 2017 as the first treatment for vision loss associated with RPE65-mediated inherited retinal disease. Identifying patients with RPE65 mutations is a prerequisite to assessing the patients' eligibility to receive RPE65-targeted gene therapies, and it is necessary to identify individuals who are most likely to benefit from gene therapies. This study aimed to investigate the RPE65 mutations frequency in the Chinese population and to determine the genetic and clinical characteristics of these patients. RESULTS: Only 20 patients with RPE65 mutations were identified, and RPE65 mutations were determined to be the 14th most common among all patients with genetic diagnoses. Ten novel variants and two hotspots associated with FAP were identified. A literature review revealed that a total of 57 patients of Chinese origin were identified with pathogenic mutations in the RPE65 gene. The mean best Snellen corrected visual acuity was worse (mean 1.3 ± 1.3 LogMAR) in patients older than 20 years old than in those younger than 15 years old (0.68 ± 0.92 LogMAR). Bone spicule-like pigment deposits (BSLPs) were observed in six patients; they were older than those without BSLP and those with white-yellow dots. Genotype-phenotype analysis revealed that truncating variants seem to lead to a more severe clinical presentation, while best corrected visual acuity testing and fundus changes did not correlate with specific RPE65 variants or mutation types. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a detailed clinical-genetic assessment of patients with RPE65 mutations of Chinese origin. These results may help to elucidate RPE65 mutations in the Chinese population and may facilitate genetic counseling and the implementation of gene therapy in China.

7.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(4): 295-304, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875169

RESUMO

In this study, a high performance thin-layer chromatography/single quadrupole mass spectrometry QDa (HPTLC-QDa) method for robust authentication of Ganoderma lucidum, a popular and valuable herbal medicine, has been developed. This method is simple and practical, which allows direct generation of characteristic mass spectra from the HPTLC plates automatically with the application of in situ solvent desorption interface. The HPTLC silica gel plates were developed with toluene-ethyl formate-formic acid (5 : 5 : 0.2, V/V) and all bands were transferred to QDa system directly in situ using 80% methanol with 0.1% formic acid as desorption solvent. The acquired HPTLC-QDa spectra showed that luminous yellow band b3, containing ganoderic acid B/G/H and ganodeneric acid B, the major active components of Ganoderma, could be found only in G. lucidum and G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. sinense and G. applanatum. Moreover, bands b13 and b14 with m/z 475/477 and m/z 475/491/495, respectively, could be detected in G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. lucidum, thus allowing simple and robust authentication of G. lucidum with confused species. This method is proved to be simple, practical and reproducible, which can be extended to analyze other herbal medicines.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study attempted to investigate the impact of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) on postoperative outcomes in hepatitis B virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC) patients. METHODS: HBV-HCC patients undergoing primary curative hepatectomy for HCC in our hospital were diagnosed with HPS by contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CEE) and arterial blood gas analysis. Patients were divided into HPS, intrapulmonary vascular dilation (IPVD) (patients with positive CEE results and normal oxygenation) and control (patients with negative CEE results) groups. Baseline information, perioperative clinical data and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) were compared among all groups. Cytokines in patient serums from each group (n = 8) were also assessed. RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients undergoing hepatectomy from October 2019 to January 2020 were analyzed. The average time in the postanaesthesia care unit (112.10 ± 38.57 min) and oxygen absorption after extubation [34.0 (14.5-54.5) min] in the HPS group was longer than in IPVD [81.81 ± 26.18 min and 16.0 (12.3-24.0) min] and control [93.70 ± 34.06 min and 20.5 (13.8-37.0) min] groups. There were no significant differences in oxygen absorption time after extubation between HPS and control groups. The incidence of PPCs, especially bi-lateral pleural effusions in the HPS group (61.9%), was higher than in IPVD (12.5%) and control (30.0%) groups. Increased serum levels of the growth-regulated oncogene, monocyte chemoattractant protein, soluble CD40 ligand and interleukin 8 might be related to delayed recovery in HPS patients. CONCLUSIONS: HPS patients with HBV-HCC suffer delayed postoperative recovery and are at higher risk for PPCs, especially bi-lateral pleural effusions, which might be associated with changes in certain cytokines.

9.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 129(1): 15-25, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915023

RESUMO

Polyphyllin I (PPI) and its analogues, including polyphyllin II (PPII), polyphyllin VI (PPVI) and polyphyllin VII (PPVII), are major bioactive compounds isolated from the Chinese herb Chonglou. However, the susceptibilities of PPI and its analogues towards the different cell lines are diversified and the mechanisms are not fully clarified. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of PPI and its analogues on two different cell lines, as well as to explore the underlying mechanisms of these agents via inducing mitochondrial dysfunction. The results showed that PPI and its analogues were cytotoxic agents towards both A549 and HT-29 cells, with IC50 values ranged from 1.0 to 4.5 µmol/L. Further investigations demonstrated that they decreased the mitochondrial membrane potentials of both A549 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Among all tested compounds, PPVI and PPI induced the most obvious changes in Ca2+ haemostasis in these two cell lines. In addition, they could induce the accumulation of ROS in cells and down-regulated the Bcl-2 expression, up-regulated the Bax expression and induced the activity of cleaved caspase-3 in cells. Collectively, our findings clearly demonstrated the cytotoxic differences and mechanisms of PPI and its analogues induced cell apoptosis and could partially explain the anticancer effects of these natural constituents in Chonglou.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(8): 11610-11628, 2021 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885378

RESUMO

Chronic angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulation induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) senescence, and circRNAs and members of the ILF3 family are implicated in cellular senescence, but the mechanism underlying regulation of circRNAs and ILF3 by Ang II in VSMCs remains poorly understood. Here, a model of Ang II-induced VSMC senescence and the renal artery of hypertensive patients were used to investigate the roles and mechanisms of circACTA2 and ILF3 in VSMC senescence. We show that circACTA2 expression was elevated in Ang II-stimulated VSMCs and in the vascular walls of hypertensive patients. circACTA2 knockdown largely abrogated Ang II-induced VSMC senescence as shown by decreased p21 expression and increased CDK4 expression as well as by decreased SA ß-gal-positive cells. Oligo pull-down and RIP assays revealed that both circACTA2 and CDK4 mRNA could bind with ILF3, and Ang II facilitated circACTA2 association with ILF3 and attenuated ILF3 interaction with CDK4 mRNA. Mechanistically, increased circACTA2 by Ang II reduced ILF3 association with CDK4 mRNA by competing with CDK4 mRNA to bind to ILF3, which decreases CDK4 mRNA stability and protein expression, thus leading to Ang II-induced VSMC senescence. Targeting the circACTA2-ILF3-CDK4 axis may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for VSMC senescence-associated cardiovascular diseases.

11.
J Control Release ; 333: 418-447, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812919

RESUMO

Tumor-sensitivity, effective transport, and precise delivery to tumor cells of nano drug delivery systems (NDDs) have been great challenges to cancer therapy in recent years. The conventional targeting approach involves actively installing the corresponding ligand on the nanocarriers, which is prone to recognize the antigen blasts overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells. However, there are some probable limitations for the active tumor-targeting systems in vivo as follows: a. the limited ligand amount of modifications; b. possible steric hindrance, which was likely to prevent ligand-receptor interaction during the delivery process. c. the restrained antigen saturation highly expressed on the cell membrane, will definitely decrease the specificity and often lead to "off-target" effects of NDDs; and d. water insolubility of nanocarriers due to excess of ligands modification. Obviously, any regulation of receptors on surface of tumor cells exerted an important influence on the delivery of targeting systems. Herein, receptor upregulation was mostly desired for enhancing targeted therapy from the cellular level. This technique with the amplification of receptors has the potential to enhance tumor sensitivity towards corresponding ligand-modified nanoparticles, and thereby increasing the effective therapeutic concentration as well as improving the efficacy of chemotherapy. The enhancement of positively expressed receptors on tumor cells and receptor-dependent therapeutic agents or NDDs with an assembled "self-promoting" effect contributes to increasing cell sensitivity to NPs, and will provide a basic platform for clinical therapeutic practice. In this review, we highlight the significance of modulating various receptors on different types of cancer cells for drug delivery and therapeutic benefits.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 420, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33911067

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are increasingly gaining importance and attention due to their diverse potential functions and their value as diagnostic biomarkers (disease specific). This study aims to explore the novel mechanisms by which exosome-contained circRNAs promote tumor development and metastasis in TNBC. We identified increased circRNA circPSMA1 in TNBC cells, their exosomes, and serum exosomes samples from TNBC patients. The overexpression of circPSMA1 promoted TNBC cell proliferation, migration, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we investigated the tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TICs) or stromal components in immune microenvironment (IME), and identified the significant differences in the immune cells between TNBC and non-TNBC samples. Mechanistically, circPSMA1 acted as a "miRNAs sponge" to absorb miR-637; miR-637 inhibited TNBC cell migration and metastasis by directly targeted Akt1, which recognized as a key immune-related gene and affected downstream genes ß-catenin and cyclin D1. Subsequent co-culture experiments also demonstrated that exosomes from TNBC carrying large amounts of circPSMA1 could transmit migration and proliferation capacity to recipient cells. Kaplan-Meier plots showed that high expression of Akt1 and low expression of mir-637 are highly correlated with poor prognosis in patients with lymph node metastasis of TNBC. Collectively, all these results reveal that circPSMA1 functions as a tumor promoter through the circPSMA1/miR-637/Akt1-ß-catenin (cyclin D1) regulatory axis, which can facilitate the tumorigenesis, metastasis, and immunosuppression of TNBC. Our research proposes a fresh perspective on novel potential biomarkers and immune treatment strategies for TNBC.

13.
Schizophr Res ; 230: 53-60, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677199

RESUMO

AIM: Schizophrenia and affective disorders all show high heterogeneity in clinical manifestations. A lack of objective biomarkers has long been a challenge in the clinical diagnosis of these diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the performance of niacin skin flushing in schizophrenia and affective disorders and determine its clinical potential as an auxiliary diagnostic marker. METHODS: In this case-control study, niacin skin-flushing tests were conducted in 613 patients (including 307 schizophrenia patients, 179 bipolar disorder patients, and 127 unipolar depression patients) and 148 healthy controls (HCs) with a modified method. Differences in niacin skin-flushing responses were compared with adjustment for gender, BMI, age, nicotine dependence, alcohol consumption and educational status. A diagnostic model was established based on a bivariate cut-off. RESULTS: Schizophrenia and affective disorders showed similar performance of niacin bluntness, characterized by attenuated flushing extent and reduced flushing rate. An innovative bivariate cut-off was established according to these two features, by which we could identify -patients with either schizophrenia or affective disorders from HCs with a sensitivity of 55.28%, a specificity of 83.56% and a positive predictive value of 93.66%. CONCLUSIONS: The niacin-induced skin flushing was prevalently blunted in patients with schizophrenia or affective disorders, indicating a promising potential as an auxiliary diagnostic marker in risk prediction and clinical management of these disorders. Additionally, the niacin-blunted subgroup implies a common biological basis in the investigated disorders, which provokes new thoughts in elucidating the pathological mechanisms.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 10415-10430, 2021 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752173

RESUMO

Exosome-mediated intercellular communication is considered to be an effective mode for malignant cells to transform biological behaviors in stromal cells. However, the mechanisms by which exosomes modulate macrophages within tumor microenvironment remain largely unclear. In this study, we found that both adriamycin-resistant breast cancer (BCa) cells and the corresponding exosomes (A/exo) were capable of inducing macrophages M2 polarization, which promoted the mobility, proliferation, migration and invasion of BCa cells. Since exosomes deliver microRNAs to affect cellular functions in recipient cells, we confirmed that miR-222 was significantly enriched in A/exo and could be successfully transferred to macrophages. Increased miR-222 level was also detected in exosomes derived from plasma and tissues of chemoresistant patients. Moreover, exosomal miR-222 from A/exo polarized M2 macrophages by targeting PTEN and activating Akt signaling pathway, which promoted BCa cells progression in a feed back loop. Co-culture of adriamycin-resistant BCa cells with macrophages in which miR-222 was upregulated or treated with A/exo facilitated tumor growth in vivo. Collectively, our data demonstrated that chemoresistant BCa cells could remodel macrophages within tumor microenvironment by secreting exosomal miR-222, which directly targeted PTEN and caused Akt cascade activation and macrophages M2 polarization. Our findings may provide a foundation for a promising strategy of BCa treatment by targeting exosomes or exosomal miR-222.

15.
Mol Immunol ; 132: 117-125, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582548

RESUMO

Upon recognition of intracytoplasmic viral RNA, activated RIG-I is recruited to the mitochondrion-located adaptor protein VISA (also known as MAVS, CARDIF, and IPS-1). VISA then acts as a central signaling platform for linking RIG-I and downstream signaling components, such as TRAF2, 5, and 6, TBK1, and IKK, leading to activation of the kinases TBK1 and IKK. These activated kinases further phosphorylate the transcription factors IRF3/7 and NF-κB, leading to the induction of downstream antiviral genes. Here, we report a mitochondrial isoform, deoxyuridine triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase), DUT-M, as a positive regulator in RLR-VISA-mediated antiviral signaling. DUT-M interacts with VISA and RIG-I to facilitate the assembly of the VISA-TRAF2 complex and to augment the polyubiquitination of TRAF2, leading to potentiated activation of IRF3 dimerization and phosphorylation of P65, and enhanced VISA-mediated innate immune response. RLR-VISA-mediated IRF3 dimerization and P65 phosphorylation, were inhibited in DUT-knockdown and DUT-deficient 293 cells. Thus, DUT-M is a positive regulator of the RIG-I-VISA-mediated innate immune response to RNA viruses.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Antivirais/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Pirofosfatases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Fator 2 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/fisiologia , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/metabolismo , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação/fisiologia
16.
J Nutr Biochem ; 89: 108578, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388352

RESUMO

The maternal nutritional status during pregnancy and lactation was closely related to the growth and development of the fetus and infants, which had a profound impact on the health of the offspring. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) had been proved to have beneficial effects on glucolipid metabolism. However, the effects of dietary different n-3 PUFA levels for mother during pregnancy and lactation on susceptibility to high-fat-diet-induced metabolic syndrome for offspring in adulthood are still unclear. The maternal mice were fed with control, n-3 PUFA-deficient or fish oil-contained n-3 PUFA-rich diets during pregnancy and lactation, and the weaned offspring were fed with high-fat or low-fat diet for 13 weeks, then were subjected to oral glucose tolerance tests. The results showed that dietary n-3 PUFA-deficiency in early life could aggravate the high-fat-diet-induced glucolipid metabolism disorders, including glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, obesity, and dyslipidemia, thus increased the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome of adult mice. Notably, nutritional supplementation with n-3 PUFA in early life could significantly alleviate the glucose metabolism disorders by increasing insulin sensitivity, inhibiting gluconeogenesis and promoting glycogenesis. In addition, administration with n-3 PUFA in early life remarkably reduced serum and hepatic lipid profiles by mediating the expression of genes related to lipogenesis and ß-oxidation of fatty acids. Dietary n-3 PUFA-deficiency in early life increases the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome of adult offspring, and nutritional supplementation with n-3 PUFA enhances the tolerance to a high-fat diet of adult offspring.

17.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(1): 595-600, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394235

RESUMO

We previously reported that Numb, a protein localized to clathrin-coated vesicles, regulates the membrane expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) and is critical to social behaviors. However, the distinct actions of Numb isoforms on mGluR5 have not been investigated. Here, we showed that the expression patterns of Numb-p72 and Numb-p65, two important isoforms of Numb, were distinct in HEK293T cells. Numb-p72, but not Numb-p65, bound to mGluR5α, and enhanced mGluR5 membrane expression by inhibiting its internalization. Our results suggest that a complete structure is required for Numb to bind to mGluR5 and to modulate mGluR5 trafficking.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Transporte Proteico/genética , Receptor de Glutamato Metabotrópico 5/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Células HEK293 , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética
18.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 2, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both E2F transcription factor and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), which increase or decrease E2F activity by phosphorylating E2F or its partner, are involved in the control of cell proliferation, and some circRNAs and miRNAs regulate the expression of E2F and CDKs. However, little is known about whether dysregulation among E2Fs, CDKs, circRNAs and miRNAs occurs in human PCa. METHODS: The expression levels of CDK13 in PCa tissues and different cell lines were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. In vitro and in vivo assays were preformed to explore the biological effects of CDK13 in PCa cells. Co-immunoprecipitation anlysis coupled with mass spectrometry was used to identify E2F5 interaction with CDK13. A CRISPR-Cas9 complex was used to activate endogenous CDK13 and circCDK13 expression. Furthermore, the mechanism of circCDK13 was investigated by using loss-of-function and gain-of-function assays in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Here we show that CDK13 is significantly upregulated in human PCa tissues. CDK13 depletion and overexpression in PCa cells decrease and increase, respectively, cell proliferation, and the pro-proliferation effect of CDK13 is strengthened by its interaction with E2F5. Mechanistically, transcriptional activation of endogenous CDK13, but not the forced expression of CDK13 by its expression vector, remarkably promotes E2F5 protein expression by facilitating circCDK13 formation. Further, the upregulation of E2F5 enhances CDK13 transcription and promotes circCDK13 biogenesis, which in turn sponges miR-212-5p/449a and thus relieves their repression of the E2F5 expression, subsequently leading to the upregulation of E2F5 expression and PCa cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CDK13 upregulation-induced formation of the positive feedback loop among circCDK13, miR-212-5p/miR-449a and E2F5 is responsible for PCa development. Targeting this newly identified regulatory axis may provide therapeutic benefit against PCa progression and drug resistance.

19.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(19): 1219, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178751

RESUMO

Background: Dynamic and precise estimation of blood loss (EBL) is quite important for perioperative management. To date, the Triton System, based on feature extraction technology (FET), has been applied to estimate intra-operative haemoglobin (Hb) loss but is unable to directly assess the amount of blood loss. We aimed to develop a method for the dynamic and precise EBL and estimate Hb loss (EHL) based on artificial intelligence (AI). Methods: We collected surgical patients' non-recycled blood to generate blood-soaked sponges at a set gradient of volume. After image acquisition and preprocessing, FET and densely connected convolutional networks (DenseNet) were applied for EBL and EHL. The accuracy was evaluated using R2, the mean absolute error (MAE), the mean square error (MSE), and the Bland-Altman analysis. Results: For EBL, the R2, MAE and MSE for the method based on DenseNet were 0.966 (95% CI: 0.962-0.971), 0.186 (95% CI: 0.167-0.207) and 0.096 (95% CI: 0.084-0.109), respectively. For EHL, the R2, MAE and MSE for the method based on DenseNet were 0.941 (95% CI: 0.934-0.948), 0.325 (95% CI: 0.293-0.355) and 0.284 (95% CI: 0.251-0.317), respectively. The accuracies of EBL and EHL based on DenseNet were more satisfactory than that of FET. Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.02 ml with narrow limits of agreement (LOA) (-0.47 to 0.52 mL) and of 0.05 g with narrow LOA (-0.87 to 0.97 g) between the methods based on DenseNet and actual blood loss and Hb loss. Conclusions: We developed a simpler and more accurate AI-based method for EBL and EHL, which may be more fit for surgeries primarily using sponges and with a small to medium amount of blood loss.

20.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 213, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stargardt disease (STGD1) is a common recessive hereditary macular dystrophy in early adulthood or childhood, with an estimated prevalence of 1:8000 to 1:10,000. ABCA4 is the causative gene for STGD1. The current study aims at identifying the novel disease-related ABCA4 variants in Han Chinese families with STGD1 using next-generation sequencing (NGS). METHODS: In the present study, 12 unrelated Han Chinese families (19 males and 17 females) with STGD1 were tested by panel-based NGS. In order to capture the coding exons and the untranslated regions (UTRs) plus 30 bp of intronic flanking sequences of 792 genes, which were closely associated with usual ophthalmic genetic disease, we designed a customized panel, namely, Target_Eye_792_V2 chip. STGD1 patients were clinically diagnosed by experienced ophthalmologists. All the detected variants were filtered and analyzed through the public databases and in silico programs to assess potential pathogenicity. RESULTS: Twenty-one ABCA4 mutant variants were detected in 12 unrelated Han Chinese families with STGD1, containing 14 missense, three splicing, two frameshift, one small deletion, and one nonsense variants. Base on the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) guidelines, 8 likely pathogenic and 13 pathogenic variants were determined. The functional consequences of these mutant variants were predicted through in silico programs. Of the 21 mutant variants in ABCA4, two novel coding variants c.3017G > A and c.5167 T > C and one novel null variant c.3051-1G > A were detected in three unrelated probands. CONCLUSIONS: By panel-based NGS, 21 ABCA4 variants were confirmed in 12 unrelated Han Chinese families. Among them, 3 novel mutant variants were found, which further expanded the ABCA4 mutation spectrum in STGD1 patients.

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