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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897663

RESUMO

Histamine food poisoning is a major safety concern related to seafood consumption worldwide. Morganella psychrotolerans is a novel psychrotolerant histamine-producer. In this study, the histamine production behaviors of M. psychrotolerans and two other major histamine-producers, mesophilic Morganella morganii and psychrotrophic Photobacterium phosphoreum, were compared in seafood products, and histamine accumulation by M. psychrotolerans was characterized at various pH and temperature levels in culture broth. The growth of M. psychrotolerans and P. phosphoreum increased similarly at 4 °C in canned tuna, but M. psychrotolerans produced much higher levels of histamine than P. phosphoreum. Histamine accumulation by M. psychrotolerans was induced at lower environmental pH condition at 4 and 20 °C. The optimal temperature and pH for producing histamine by crude histidine decarboxylase of M. psychrotolerans were 30 °C and pH 7, respectively. The activity of the crude HDC extracted from M. psychrotolerans cells at 10 °C retained 45% of the activity at 30 °C. Histidine decarboxylase gene expression of M. psychrotolerans was induced by low pH conditions. These results suggest that M. psychrotolerans are also a very important histamine-producer leading to histamine poisoning associated with seafood below the refrigeration temperature.

2.
J Neurovirol ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898060

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) primarily infects swine but can infect cattle, dogs, and cats. Several studies have reported that PRV can cross the specie barrier and induce human encephalitis, but a definitive diagnosis of human PRV encephalitis is debatable due to the lack of PRV DNA detection. Here, we report a case of human PRV encephalitis diagnosed by the next-generation sequencing (NGS) of PRV sequences in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of a patient. A male pork vendor developed fever and seizures for 6 days. NGS results showed PRV sequences in his CSF and blood. Sanger sequencing showed that PRV DNA in the CSF and PRV antibodies in both the CSF and blood were positive. MRI results revealed multiple inflammatory lesions in the bilateral hemisphere. Based on the clinical and laboratory data, we diagnosed the patient with PRV encephalitis. This case suggests that PRV can infect humans, causing severe viral encephalitis. People at risk of PRV infection should improve their self-protection awareness.

3.
FASEB J ; 34(1): 720-734, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914611

RESUMO

Confusion persists over pathogenesis of spondylolysis. To confirm pathogenicity of the previously identified causative mutation of spondylolysis and investigate the genetic etiology, we generate a new mouse line harboring D673V mutation in the Slc26a2 gene. D673V mutation induces delayed endochondral ossification characterized by transiently reduced chondrocyte proliferation in mice at the early postnatal stage. Adult D673V homozygotes exhibit dysplastic isthmus and reduced bone volume of the dorsal vertebra resembling the detached vertebral bony structure when spondylolysis occurs, including the postzygopophysis, vertebral arch, and spinous process, which causes biomechanical alterations around the isthmic region of L4-5 vertebrae indicated by finite element analysis. Consistently, partial ablation of Slc26a2 in vertebral skeletal cells using Col1a1-Cre; Slc26a2 fl/fl mouse line recapitulates a similar but worsened vertebral phenotype featured by lamellar isthmus. In addition, when reaching late adulthood, D673V homozygotes develop an evident bone-loss phenotype and show impaired osteogenesis. These findings support a multifactorial etiology, involving congenitally predisposed isthmic conditions, altered biomechanics, and age-dependent bone loss, which leads to SLC26A2-related spondylolysis.

4.
Nature ; 577(7789): 204-208, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915394

RESUMO

Graphene films grown by chemical vapour deposition have unusual physical and chemical properties that offer promise for applications such as flexible electronics and high-frequency transistors1-10. However, wrinkles invariably form during growth because of the strong coupling to the substrate, and these limit the large-scale homogeneity of the film1-4,11,12. Here we develop a proton-assisted method of chemical vapour deposition to grow ultra-flat graphene films that are wrinkle-free. Our method of proton penetration13-17 and recombination to form hydrogen can also reduce the wrinkles formed during traditional chemical vapour deposition of graphene. Some of the wrinkles disappear entirely, owing to the decoupling of van der Waals interactions and possibly an increase in distance from the growth surface. The electronic band structure of the as-grown graphene films shows a V-shaped Dirac cone and a linear dispersion relation within the atomic plane or across an atomic step, confirming the decoupling from the substrate. The ultra-flat nature of the graphene films ensures that their surfaces are easy to clean after a wet transfer process. A robust quantum Hall effect appears even at room temperature in a device with a linewidth of 100 micrometres. Graphene films grown by proton-assisted chemical vapour deposition should largely retain their intrinsic performance, and our method should be easily generalizable to other nanomaterials for strain and doping engineering.

5.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 76(Pt 1): 44-63, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919307

RESUMO

Eight novel Schiff bases derived from benzil dihydrazone (BDH) or benzil monohydrazone (BMH) and four fused-ring carbonyl compounds (3-formylindole, FI; 3-acetylindole, AI; 3-formyl-1-methylindole, MFI; 1-formylnaphthalene, FN) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-QTOF-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction. They are (1Z,2Z)-1,2-bis{(E)-[(1H-indol-3-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethane (BDHFI), C32H24N6, (1Z,2Z)-1,2-bis{(E)-[1-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethane (BDHAI), C34H28N6, (1Z,2Z)-1,2-bis{(E)-[(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethane (BMHMFI) acetonitrile hemisolvate, C34H28N6·0.5CH3CN, (1Z,2Z)-1,2-bis{(E)-[(naphthalen-1-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethane (BDHFN), C36H26N4, (Z)-2-{(E)-[(1H-indol-3-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethanone (BMHFI), C23H17N3O, (Z)-2-{(E)-[1-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethanone (BMHAI), C24H19N3O, (Z)-2-{(E)-[(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethanone (BMHMFI), C24H19N3O, and (Z)-2-{(E)-[(naphthalen-1-yl)methylidene]hydrazinylidene}-1,2-diphenylethanone (BMHFN) C25H18N2O. Moreover, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the eight title compounds was evaluated against two tumour cell lines (A549 human lung cancer and 4T1 mouse breast cancer) and two normal cell lines (MRC-5 normal lung cells and NIH 3T3 fibroblasts) by MTT assay. The results indicate that four (BDHMFI, BDHFN, BMHMFI and BMHFN) are inactive and the other four (BDHFI, BDHAI, BMHFI and BMHAI) show severe toxicities against human A549 and mouse 4T1 cells, similar to the standard cisplatin. All the compounds exhibited weaker cytotoxicity against normal cells than cancer cells. The Swiss Target Prediction web server was applied for the prediction of protein targets. After analyzing the differences in frequency hits between these active and inactive Schiff bases, 18 probable targets were selected for reverse docking with the Surflex-dock function in SYBYL-X 2.0 software. Three target proteins, i.e. human ether-á-go-go-related (hERG) potassium channel, the inhibitor of apoptosis protein 3 and serine/threonine-protein kinase PIM1, were chosen as the targets. Finally, the ligand-based structure-activity relationships were analyzed based on the putative protein target (hERG) docking results, which will be used to design and synthesize novel hERG ion channel inhibitors.

6.
Nanoscale ; 12(2): 1100-1108, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845949

RESUMO

The hybrid perovskite CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) is a promising material for developing novel optoelectronic devices. Due to its intrinsic non-layered crystal structure, it remains challenging to synthesize two-dimensional (2D) single-crystalline CH3NH3PbX3 with nanoscale thickness. Here, we report a bottom-up approach to fabricate large CH3NH3PbX3 2D crystals via liquid-phase growth on a mica substrate. The strong potassium-halogen interactions at the perovskite/mica interface decrease the interface energy, driving the striking in-plane growth of the perovskite. The grown 2D CH3NH3PbBr3 crystal was characterized as 8 nm in thickness and hundreds of micrometers in lateral size. Weak exciton binding energy was crucial for improving the photoelectric performance of 2D CH3NH3PbBr3. A visible-light photodetector with a metal/insulator/perovskite configuration was finally achieved with a photoresponsivity of 126 A W-1 and a bandwidth exceeding 80 kHz. Our work proves that the liquid-phase growth on mica is a controllable method to grow 2D hybrid CH3NH3PbX3 perovskites, which can facilitate both device applications and fundamental investigations.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860265

RESUMO

Recently, aluminum ion batteries (AIBs) have attracted great attention across the globe by virtue of their massive gravimetric and volumetric capacities in addition to their high abundance. Though carbon derivatives are excellent cathodes for AIBs, there is much room for further development. In this study, flexuous graphite (FG) was synthesized by a simple thermal shock treatment, and for the first time, an Al/FG battery was applied as a cathode for AIBs to reveal the real-time intercalation of AlCl4- into FG with high flexibility by using in-situ scanning electron microscope (SEM) measurements exclusively. Similarly, in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and in-situ Raman techniques have been used to understand the anomalous electrochemical behavior of FG. It was found that FG adopts a unique integrated intercalation-adsorption mechanism where it follows an intercalation mechanism potential above 1.5 V and an adsorption mechanism potential below 1.5 V. This unique integrated intercalation-adsorption mechanism allows FG to exhibit superior properties, like high capacity (≥140 mAh/g), remarkable long-term stability (over 8000 cycles), excellent rate retention (93 mAh/g at 7.5 A/g), and extremely rapid charging and slow discharging.

8.
Mol Ther ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813799

RESUMO

Studies have found that RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are dysregulated and play an important regulatory role in the development of tumors. Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, our findings from experiments, and the evidence of previous studies, we screened DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8), ZFAT antisense RNA 1 (ZFAT-AS1), and caudal type homeobox 2 (CDX2) as research candidates. In the present study, DGCR8 and CDX2 were highly expressed and ZFAT-AS1 was markedly downregulated in glioma tissues and cells. DGCR8 or CDX2 knockdown or ZFAT-AS1 overexpression suppressed glioma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and facilitated apoptosis. DGCR8 might decrease ZFAT-AS1 expression by attenuating its stability in a manner of inducing its cleavage. Importantly, ZFAT-AS1 could inhibit CDX2 transcription by mediating the methylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27me3) modification induced by PRC2 in the CDX2 promoter region. In addition, CDX2 transcriptionally activated DGCR8 expression by binding to its promoter regions, forming a positive feedback loop of DGCR8/ZFAT-AS1/CDX2. In conclusion, DGCR8/ZFAT-AS1 promotes CDX2 transcription in a PRC2 complex-dependent manner to facilitate the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells.

9.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 1072-1090, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791014

RESUMO

The blood-tumor barrier (BTB) limits the transport of chemotherapeutic drugs to brain tumor tissues and impacts the treatment of glioma. Long non-coding RNAs play critical roles in various biological processes of tumors; however, the function of these in BTB permeability is still unclear. In this study, we have identified that long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 174 (linc00174) was upregulated in glioma endothelial cells (GECs) from glioma tissues. Additionally, linc00174 was also upregulated in GECs from the BTB model in vitro. Knock down of linc00174 increased BTB permeability and reduced the expression of the tight junction-related proteins ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-5. Both bioinformatics data and results of luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that linc00174 regulated BTB permeability by binding to miR-138-5p and miR-150-5p. Furthermore, knock down of linc00174 inhibited FOSL2 expression via upregulating miR-138-5p and miR-150-5p. FOSL2 interacted with the promoter regions and upregulated the promoter activity of ZO-1, occludin, claudin-5, and linc00174 in GECs. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the linc00174/miR-138-5p (miR-150-5p)/FOSL2 feedback loop played an essential role in regulating BTB permeability.

10.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(6): 4575-4582, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807147

RESUMO

Objective measurement is important for diagnosing congenital or acquired auricular abnormalities and the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy. However, methods applied in the past were mostly inaccurate and unreliable. The present study aimed to introduce five standardized indices for auricle measurement and present a highly precise and reliable methodology combining three-dimensional (3D) scanning techniques and the Materialise Mimics software for the evaluation of auricle sizes. A total of 20 normal ears were measured independently by four surgeons using the standardized digital method with 3D scanning technique and the traditional manual method. Parameters of the auricle, including the length and width, arc length, cranioauricular height and angle were measured using the Mimics software. Paired t-test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were performed on the data to assess the precision, uniformity and observer independence of the method. Pearson's product moment correlation was calculated to assess the correlation between auricle length and width in addition to the correlation between cranioauricular height and angle. No significant differences were indicated between measurements of five auricular parameters made by two surgeons using the digital method. However, significant differences were found using the manual method (P<0.01). ICC values derived from digital measurements ranged from 0.901 to 0.987, whereas those derived from manual measurements ranged from 0.526 to 0.807. These results suggested that the standardized digital method was replicable and reliable compared with the traditional manual method. Pearson's coefficient analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between cranioauricular height and angle (P<0.05), but no correlations were found between the height and width of the auricle (P>0.05). Taken together, data from the present study suggested that measurements of the length and width, arch length, and cranioauricular height and angle of auricles using the standardized digital method combining 3D scanning with the Mimics software were comprehensive, precise, convenient, repeatable and reliable.

11.
Transl Androl Urol ; 8(5): 421-431, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807419

RESUMO

Background: Adherent perinephric fat (APF) is evaluated preoperatively with the Mayo adhesive probability (MAP) scoring system using conventional single-form computed tomography (CT) images. An objective or quantitative indicator for predicting APF is urgently needed for clinical application. Methods: A total of 150 patients with renal tumours who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) were retrospectively enrolled and divided into the APF group (n=100) and the non-APF group (n=50) according to surgical results. All patients underwent a renal contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT (DECT) scan. The obtained CT DICOM data were transmitted to the DECT post-processing workstation and adopted virtual non-contrast (VNC), Rho/Z Maps, and Monoenergetic Plus (mono+) modes separately to undergo a multi-parameter analysis. A logistic stepwise investigation was utilized to analyse the related risk factors. The cutoff value was determined by the Youden index. Fifty patients were prospectively enrolled to validate the constructed model. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the model were calculated. Results: The study demonstrated that age, sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, tumour diameter, exophytic status, degree of malignancy and posterior perinephric fat thickness were related to the occurrence of APF (P<0.05). Model 1 was selected with the contrast material (CM) parameter (cutoff point 0.5), model 2 was selected with the effective atomic number (Zeff) parameter (cutoff point 6.5), and model 3 was selected with the slope K (K) parameter (cutoff point -0.95). The AUC, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of model 1 were 0.94, 0.94, 0.93 and 0.94, respectively; for model 2, they were 0.94, 0.93, 0.93 and 0.96, respectively; and for model 3, they were 0.92, 0.92, 0.93 and 0.92, respectively. Conclusions: Multi-mode and multi-parameter models of DECT can effectively be used to predict the occurrence of APF.

12.
Bioengineered ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833800

RESUMO

This study is aimed to explore the roles of LINC00528 in myocardial infarction (MI) progression. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that the expression of LINC00528 and COX-2 was upregulated while miR-143-3p expression was down-regulated in post-MI cells. In function assays, LINC00528 suppression promoted post-MI cells proliferation and reduced cell apoptosis in vitro. In mechanism, LINC00528 interacted with miR-143-3p in post-MI cells. COX-2 served as a target of miR-143-3p in post-MI cells. Besides, LINC00528 inhibition on COX-2 expression and post-MI cells progression could be partially abolished by miR-143-3p inhibitors. Therefore, our findings suggested that LINC00528 exerted its regulatory roles in MI via the miR-143-3p/COX-2 axis, which provided a potential therapeutic target for MI patients treatment.

13.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2019 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884576

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The etiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is multifactorial, complex and not fully characterized yet. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been found to contribute to the development and progression of NPC. Here, we aimed to investigate the putative role of miR-129-5p in NPC lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis (LNM), including the involvement of its target gene ZIC2 and the Hedgehog signaling pathway. METHODS: The expression of miR-129-5p and ZIC2 in primary NPC tissues was assessed using RT-qPCR and Western blot analyses, followed by LNM and lymph vessel density (LVD) correlation analyses. A direct interaction between miR-129-5p and ZIC2 was verified using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of miR-129-5p and ZIC2 expression on NPC cell invasion, migration and proliferation in vitro, as well as on LDV and LNM in nude mice in vivo. Additionally, RT-qPCR and Western blot analyses were performed to determine the expression levels of Hedgehog signaling pathway-related factors. RESULTS: We found that ZIC2 was highly expressed, and miR-129-5p was lowly expressed, in primary NPC tissues. In addition, we found that miR-129-5p can directly bind to and reduce ZIC2 expression. LVD was found to be negatively correlated with miR-129-5p and to be positively correlated with ZIC2 expression. Concomitantly, we found that miR-129-5p abrogated activation of the Hedgehog signaling pathway via ZIC2 targeting, leading to suppression of NPC cell invasion, migration and proliferation in vitro as well as suppression of LNM and LVD in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: From our data we conclude that miR-129-5p, by decreasing ZIC2 expression, may inhibit NPC lymphangiogenesis and LNM through suppression of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.

14.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 173, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulation of immunosuppressive protein programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been documented in several cancers and contributes to the evasion of the host immune system. However, cancer cell-intrinsic signaling-dependent control of PD-L1 expression remains to be elucidated. Herein, we aimed to identify the let-7 family of microRNAs as candidates that up-regulate tumor cell PD-L1 expression and mediates immune evasion of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The expression of let-7 family and PD-L1 was quantified in HNSCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. PD-L1 degradation was evaluated in HNSCC cells in response to elevated expressions of let-7a or let-7b. The regulation of let-7 family on PD-L1 degradation through a mechanism involving T-cell factor-4 (TCF-4) control of ß-catenin/STT3 pathway was evaluated. Immune recognition of HNSCC in vivo was examined in subcutaneous tumor-bearing C3H mice in the presence of let-7a/b and/or CTLA-4 antibody. RESULTS: The let-7 family were significantly down-regulated in the context of HNSCC, sharing a negative correlation with PD-L1 expression. Glycosylated PD-L1 was detected in HNSCC cells, which was reduced by let-7a/b over-expression. TCF-4, the target of let-7a/b, activated the ß-catenin/STT3 pathway and promoted PD-L1 degradation. In vivo analysis demonstrated that let-7a/b over-expression potentiated anticancer immunotherapy by CTLA-4 blockade. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our findings highlight targeting let-7 family as a potential strategy to enhance immune checkpoint therapy for HNSCC.

15.
Opt Express ; 27(23): 33233-33242, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878396

RESUMO

This paper presents a multifunction reflector controlled by liquid piston for optical switch and beam steering. The multifunction reflector consists of two liquid cavities that are designed with microchannels. Two holes covered with elastic membranes are fabricated on the upper surface of the liquid cavities. When the liquid cavity is injected with liquid, the shape of the elastic membrane changes to form a liquid piston in the position of the holes accordingly. The magnetic base covered with a reflector is fixed on the surface. We can adjust the active number and height of the liquid pistons to drive the reflector deflecting to different directions. Our experiments show that the multifunction reflector can realize the function of 2×2 optical switch. It can also deflect the light beam through an angle of 0°âˆ¼72° in two directions. The multifunction reflector has potential applications of free-space optical communications, laser detections and variable optical attenuators.

16.
Opt Express ; 27(26): 38451-38462, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878612

RESUMO

We investigate circularly polarized photoluminescence (PL) in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure, which was fabricated by transferring MoS2 monolayer to cover the MoO3 few layers on the SiO2/Si substrate. It is shown that the PL with the same helicity as the excitation light is dominant due to the inherent chiral optical selectivity, which allows exciting one of the valleys in MoS2 monolayer. The degree of polarization (DP), which characterizes the intensity difference of two chiral components of PL, is unequal for the right-handed and left-handed circularly polarized excitations in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. This effect is different from the one in pristine MoS2. Our Raman spectra results together with ab initio calculations indicate the p-doped features of the MoS2 when it covers the MoO3 layers. Thus the possible explanation of the unequal DP is that the p-doping process generates a built-in voltage and therefore brings the difference of electron-hole overlaps between K and K' valleys. Namely the asymmetric valley polarization may be obtained in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. Consequently, the circularly polarized PL caused by the electron-hole recombination at K and K' valleys manifests unequal DP for the right-handed and left-handed helix excitations. This asymmetric effect is further enhanced by decreasing the temperature in the MoS2/MoO3 heterostructure. Our investigation provides a unique platform for developing novel two-dimensional valleytronic devices.

17.
J Thorac Oncol ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843683

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Blood-based tumor mutational burden (bTMB) has been studied to differentiate non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who would benefit from anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) therapies. However, it failed to predict overall survival (OS) benefits, which warrants further exploration. METHODS: Three independent cohorts of NSCLC patients treated with immunotherapy were used in this study. A new bTMB algorithm was first developed in the two independent cohorts (POPLAR, N=211 and OAK, N=462) and further validated in the third National Cancer Center cohort (NCC, N=64). RESULTS: bTMB-H (bTMB≥cut-off point) was not associated with favorable OS following immunotherapy regardless of the cut-off points in either the POPLAR and OAK or the NCC cohorts (P>0.05) due to its correlation with the circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) amount, which was associated with poor OS. In the POPLAR and OAK cohorts, upon allele frequency (AF) adjustment, a high allele frequency bTMB (HAF-bTMB, mutation counts with an AF>5%) was strongly correlated with the ctDNA amount (Pearson's r=0.65), while a low allele frequency bTMB (LAF-bTMB, mutation counts with an AF≤5%) was not (Pearson's r=0.09). LAF-bTMB-H was associated with favorable OS (hazard ratio [[HR], 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52-0.95; P=0.02), progression-free survival (PFS) (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.47-0.80; P<0.001), and the objective response rate (ORR) (P<0.001) following immunotherapy but not chemotherapy, with a cut-off point of 12 trained in the POPLAR cohort and validated in the OAK cohort. The LAF-bTMB algorithm was further validated in the NCC cohort in which LAF-bTMB-H was associated with OS (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.05-0.84; P=0.02), PFS (HR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.13-0.70; P=0.003), and the ORR (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated a new LAF-bTMB algorithm as a feasible predictor of OS, PFS, and the ORR following anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapies in NSCLC patients, which needs to be prospectively validated.

18.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847639

RESUMO

Purpose/aim of the study: To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of endurance and resistance training on synaptic plasticity in chronic stressed depression rats.Materials and methods: Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) was used to establish depressive rats model. Healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (control, CUMS, AE, and RT). The animals in AE and RT groups were respectively subjected to continuous treadmill running and intermittent weight-bearing treadmill training for 8 weeks after CUMS. Forced swimming test (FST) was used to evaluate behavior of rats. The flow cytometry was used to detect the hippocampal neuronal apoptosis. LTP in hippocampal CA1 region were analyzed by electrophysiology. The expressions of various mRNA and proteins related to synaptic function were measured using RT-PCR, Western blot or immunohistochemistry in the hippocampus.Results: Results shown that rats exhibited depressive behavior after CUMS stimulation, specifically immobility time was increased and swimming time and climbing time were reduced in rats during FST. After training, AE and RT all attenuated CUMS-induced depressive behavior of rats. AE and RT reduced apoptosis rate of hippocampal neuron and increased PS amplitude and fEPSPs slope after CUMS stimulation. After CUMS stimulation, AE promoted mRNA expressions, including BDNF, mTOR, TrkB, Syn, Syp, CaMKIIß, and DRD5, and increased protein expressions, including IGF-1, PGC-1α, ERRß, and FNDC5. While RT promoted mRNA expressions, including IGF-1, mTOR, Akt, Syn, and Syp, and improved protein expressions, including IGF-1, IGF-1R, and p-Akt.Conclusions: In conclusion, AE and RT for 8 weeks improved CUMS-induced depressive behavior, neuron injury and synaptic plasticity through regulating different signaling pathways.

19.
Bioresour Technol ; 299: 122512, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855661

RESUMO

Nano-bubble water (NBW) refers to water with a large number of nanoscale particle bubbles. The aim of this work was to study the mechanism of NBW addition into the anaerobic digestion (AD) of swine manure (SM). The results showed that the cumulative methane production from the NBW added reactor was 192-225 mL/g-VS and 19-39% higher than the control group (without NBW addition). Based on the analysis of soluble organics, NBW addition not only accelerated hydrolysis rates of proteins and carbohydrates, but also enhanced the production of VFAs. Moreover, mechanism analysis reveals that NBW with higher spin-spin relaxation time and absolute value of zeta potential might promote enzyme activity and the hydrolysis of organic solids. Simultaneously, the electron transport system activity of the methanogenic communities and electric conductivity were enhanced by NBW addition. This work implies that NBW addition is promising for enhancing AD for enhancement of methane production.

20.
Ann Palliat Med ; 8(5): 740-745, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865733

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and primary pancreatic cancer are common malignant tumors of the digestive system. However, there are significant differences in treatment methods, medication types, and survival prognoses. For patients whose imaging findings suggest there to be a significant pancreatic mass and multiple masses in the liver, it can be easily misdiagnosed as a primary pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis in the clinic instead. Therefore, patients with a high likelihood of primary pancreatic cancer based on their clinical data, the pathological diagnosis should be confirmed through a needle biopsy as early as possible to avoid a misdiagnosis and possible mistreatment. In this study, our department admitted a patient with HCC that was characterized by a pancreatic occupation. The clinical data originally highly suggested primary pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, but the final pathological puncture results had confirmed pancreatic metastasis of HCC. This case reminds us that a pathological biopsy should still be used as the final means of definite diagnosis and should be widely popularized for pancreatic nodules.

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