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1.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124648, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524610

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most globally prevalent mycotoxins mainly produced by Fusarium species. It can cause pollution to water environmental quality due to its water solubility. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a green and efficient detoxification technology for DON. More importantly, the toxicity of the degradation products should be assessed. Photocatalytic degradation technology has attracted increasing attention in the field of pollutants treatment, especially for wastewater treatment. Herein, the as-prepared NaYF4:Yb,Tm@TiO2 composite (UCNP@TiO2) was employed as a novel photocatalyst for the NIR-enhanced photocatalytic degradation of DON. Three intermediate products were identified by using the ESI/MS analysis and secondary mass spectrogram, with the m/z values of 329.399, 311.243 and 280.913, respectively. Furthermore, the in vitro safety of the product mixtures with various degradation time (30 min, 60 min, 90 min and 120 min) were evaluated through the influences on cell viability, cell morphology, cell cycle, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, cell apoptosis and antioxidant capacity of HepG2 cells. There were no significant differences in these investigated indicators between the control (free of DON) and 120 min products treatment. Overall, the results indicated that the toxicity of degradation products after 120 min irradiation was much lower and even nontoxic than that of DON.

2.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124695, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545215

RESUMO

As the effective adsorbents, carbon materials (CMs) are typically used in the removal of disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors during the water treatment by adding CMs before disinfection procedure. However, after the separation of CMs from the treated water by flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration, a small amount of loaded activated carbon could be released into the water treatment system and affect the DBP formation in the following disinfection. In this study, three CMs, including coal-made activated carbon (CAC), sawdust charcoal (SCC), and hydroxylated multiwall carbon nanotubes (OH-MWCNT), were used to explore the effects of residual CMs in the formation of DBPs. The results indicated that some DBP precursors could be irreversibly adsorbed into the pore structure of CMs and hardly to be extracted and determined, then affected the DBP formation in the water system. In the chlorination process of surface water samples, CMs have similar effects on the formation of DBPs. However, given that water samples contain a variety of complex substances, the effects of residual CMs on the formation of DBPs were also slightly changed.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 272-280, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162842

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinomas (EBVaGCs) may account for 8-9% of all gastric cancer (GC) patients. All previous reports on EBVaGC were retrospective. Prospective study is warranted to evaluate the exact role of EBV status in predicting the prognosis of GC. It is of special interest to figure out whether dynamic detection of plasma EBV-DNA load could be a feasible biomarker for the monitor of EBVaGC. From October 2014 to September 2017, we consecutively collected GC patients (n = 2,760) from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center for EBER examination. We detected EBV-DNA load in plasma and tissue samples of EBVaGC patients at baseline. Subsequently, plasma EBV-DNA load was dynamically monitored in EBVaGC patients. The overall prevalence of EBVaGC is 5.1% (140/2,760). The incidence rate of EBVaGC decreased with advanced AJCC 7th TNM stage (p < 0.001), with the corresponding percentages of 9.3, 9.9, 6.7 and 1.4% for Stage I, II, III and IV patients. EBVaGC patients were predominately young males with better histologic differentiation and earlier TNM stage than EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) patients. EBVaGC patients were confirmed to had a favorable 3-year survival rate (EBVaGC vs. EBVnGC: 76.8% vs. 58.2%, p = 0.0001). Though only 52.1% (73/140) EBVaGC patients gained detectable EBV-DNA and 43.6% (61/140) reached a positive cutoff of 100 copies/ml, we found the plasma EBV-DNA load in EBVaGC decreased when patients got response, while it increased when disease progressed. Our results suggested that plasma EBV-DNA is a good marker in predicting recurrence and chemotherapy response for EBVaGC patients.

4.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 611-618, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283007

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. More than 90% of primary HCC is HCC. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and alcohol consumption have been widely accepted as two major risk factors for developing HCC. Herein, we aimed to identify DNA methylation genes related to both HCV infection and alcohol consumption. In this study, we identified methylation genes that were associated with the risk of HCV infection and alcohol consumption, respectively, by a large-scale bioinformatic analysis. Through PPI network analysis, we revealed the associations between the two types of genes and found six hub genes-TAF1, SAT1, Phospholipase C-beta 2, FGD1, ARHGAP4, and ARHGEF9-that may be associated with both HCV infection and alcohol consumption. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis was used to analyze the function which these genes in the network enriched. Among them, TAF1, SAT1, and ARHGEF9 were methylated genes that have been found to be related to tumor progression in HCC patients. Through independent data sets, we verified the methylation pattern of these six genes in HCC samples that had both HCV infection and alcohol consumption risks. Furthermore, we found that three of the six methylated genes were also associated with the prognosis of HCC patients. To summarize, we identified six hub genes that were associated with both HCV infection and alcohol consumption in the progress of HCC. The six methylation genes that might play an important role in both HCV infection and alcohol consumption would be potential therapy targets for HCC.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 779-787, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452243

RESUMO

Lung cancer is an significant cause of death worldwide, and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified to play key roles in NSCLC development. Recently, it has been reported that miR-605-5p is a cancer-related miRNA in several types of tumors. In this study, we study the role of miR-605-5p in NSCLC cells. We find that miR-605-5p is upregulated in NSCLC cells. Overexpression of miR-605-5p significantly promotes lung cancer invasion and migration in H460 and H1299 cells. Besides this, miR-605-5p also promotes lung cancer cell carcinoma proliferation and metastasis in vivo. However, downregulation of miR-605-5p inhibits cell invasion and migration by inhibiting lung cancer cell carcinoma proliferation and metastasis. In addition, the luciferase report assay identifies 3'-untranslated region tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) as a target of miR-605-5p. Silencing of TNFAIP3 promotes invasion and proliferation in lung cancer. In addition, the knockdown of TNFAIP3 restores the significant decrease in invasion and proliferation in miR-605-5p-inhibitor-transfected lung cancer cells. In conclusion, miR-605-5p promotes invasion and proliferation by targeting TNFAIP3 in NSCLC, and may provide possible biomarkers for NSCLC therapy.

6.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683690

RESUMO

Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng) is a popular tropical fruit in southeast Asia. What is amazing is that its seeds (Momordicae Semen) and arils are traditional herbs with anti-tumor activity, and have protected human health for more than 1000 years. In recent years, its anti-tumor activity has received extensive attention and research. This manuscript summarized the chemical composition of saponins, fatty acids, volatile constituents, proteins, peptides, and other components from Momordicae Semen (MSE). The effect and mechanism of MSE and its extract on breast cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, esophagus cancer, melanomas, and human cervical epithelial carcinoma were discussed. In addition, its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other pharmacological effects were also analyzed. We hope that this review will provide new ideas for the treatment of cancer and other diseases, and become a reference for the further research into complementary and alternative medicine.

7.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 29287-29296, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684665

RESUMO

Laser damage thresholds (Ith) at 1.03 µm, as well as third-order nonlinear refractive indices (n2) and two photon absorption coefficients (ß) at 1.55 µm of a number of Ge-As-S glasses were measured and systematically studied. The glass with the composition Ge0.12As0.24S0.64 showed a high Ith and the maximum figure of merit (fm= n2/(ß·λ)), and therefore was selected as the core material for the fabrication of a step-index fiber. A compatible glass with the composition Ge0.18As0.1S0.72 was chosen as the cladding material. Based on the dispersion calculations, the fiber with a core diameter of ∼7-10 µm was designed. The designed fiber was fabricated by a multiple step rod-in-tube method. When the fiber with a core diameter of ∼9 µm and a length of ∼13.5 cm was pumped by ∼170 fs pulses (1 MHz) at 4.5 µm, the mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) covering 1.3-8.1 µm was generated. These results demonstrate the good potential of Ge-As-S chalcogenide fibers for producing high-brightness broadband mid-infrared SC light sources.

8.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720832

RESUMO

Although the positivity of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is low in colorectal cancer (CRC), anti-HER2 is becoming a new target therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, assessment of the HER2 scoring system was still not established in CRC. The purpose of our study was to evaluate HER2 status and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics and survival according to the HER2 diagnostic criteria for gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (GEA criteria) and the HERACLES diagnostic criteria (HERACLES criteria) in a large cohort of Chinese CRC patients. The HER2 positivity was 2.9% (43/1490) and 2.6% (39/1490) in CRCs based on the GEA criteria and the HERACLES criteria, and 3.7% (9/243) in mCRC according to both criteria. HER2 status was associated with primary tumor location (P = 0.037), regional lymph node metastasis (P = 0.035), and TNM stage (P = 0.022) in CRCs based on the HERACLES criteria. No such association was found based on the GEA criteria. Furthermore, HER2 positive only presented in patients with RAS gene wild type (P = 0.001). Significant difference was only observed between the HER2-positive and HER2-negative groups in terms of disease-free survival for stage II-III CRCs (P = 0.048) according to the HERACLES criteria, but not based on the GEA criteria. Our findings suggest that the frequency of HER2 overexpression or amplification was low in Chinese CRC patients, and provide a rationale for further evaluation of HER2 in CRC based on the HERACLES criteria and the HER2 diagnostic criteria for gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma.

9.
Plant Signal Behav ; 14(12): 1682341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668123

RESUMO

Stomatal behavior under global climate change is a central topic of plant ecophysiological research. Vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and phytohormones can affect stomata of leaves which can affect gas exchange characteristics of plant. The role of VPD in regulating leaf gas exchange of three tree species was investigated in Jinan, China. Experiments were performed in June, August, and October. Levels of three phytohormones (GA3, IAA, ABA) in the leaves of the three trees were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography in three seasons. The responses of stomatal conductance (gs) to an increasing VPD in the leaves of the three trees had peak curves under different seasons, which differed from the prevailing response pattern of gs to VPD in most literature. The peak curve could be fitted with a Log-Normal Model (R2 = 0.838-0.995). The VPD/RH values of the corresponding maximum of gs (gs-max-VPD/RH) could be calculated by fitted models. The gs-max-RH could be affected by environmental conditions, because of positive correlation between gs-max-RH and the mean monthly temperature in 2010 (R2 > 0.81). Two typical stomatal models (the Leuning model and the optimal stomatal behavior model) were used to estimate gs values, but they poorly predicted gs in the three trees. The concentration of ABA was positively correlated to sensitivity in response of stomatal conductance to VPD in the leaves of the tree species during the different seasons.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713280

RESUMO

Since the new round of health care reform in 2009, the vertical integration of hospitals and primary health institutions has become widely implemented in China as an efficient method for improving quality of primary care. This study aimed to answer the following questions: (a) What is the perceived quality of township health centres (THCs) under integration? (B) What differences could be observed among the three typical integration models, namely, private hospital-THC integration, public hospital-THC integration, and loose collaboration? Two rounds of cross-sectional surveys were conducted from November 2016 to June 2018. The Chinese version of the Primary Care Assessment Tool was used to evaluate perceived quality of sample THCs, and 1118 adult patients were interviewed in total. Multiple linear regressions were employed to compare the quality scores between two survey rounds and among different integration models after controlling for potential confounders. The results revealed that the quality of care significantly improved under private hospital-THC integration as observed by comparing two survey rounds, while no change or slight changes were observed in the other two models. The difference observed among the three models was that the perceived quality of THCs integrated with private hospitals was worse than that of THCs integrated with public hospitals and THCs under loose collaboration, while no significant difference was observed between public hospital-THC integration and loose collaboration. Increased attention should be given to highlighting the tight integration between hospitals and THCs and the different roles played by private and public hospitals in the current reform.

11.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 4202-4210, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713449

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) is a common treatment for head and neck cancers, but central nervous system function can be impaired by clinical radiation doses. This experimental study evaluated the protective efficacy of the anti-hyperglycaemic/anti-neoplastic agent phenformin against radiation-induced developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos. Zebrafish embryos pre-treated with 25 µM phenformin 1 h before x-ray irradiation were compared to irradiation-only embryos for mortality, hatching rate, morphology, spontaneous movement, heart beat, larval swimming, activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde content (MDA, a by-product of membrane lipid oxidation), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. In addition, expression levels of multiple genes related to neural development and apoptosis (sod2, bdnf, ache, p53, bax, and bcl-2) were compared by RT-PCR and associated protein expression levels by western blotting. Pre-treatment with phenformin increased hatching rate, spontaneous movement, heart beat, and larval motor activity, decreased mortality and malformation rate, increased SOD, CAT, and AChE activities, and reduced MDA compared to irradiation-only embryos. The mRNA expression levels of anti-apoptotic sod2, bdnf, ache, and bcl-2 were enhanced while mRNA expression of p53 and pro-apoptotic bax were reduced in the phenformin pre-treatment group. Further, p53, Bax, and γ-H2AX (a biomarker of DNA damage) were downregulated while Bcl-2 and BDNF were upregulated by phenformin pre-treatment. Taken together, this study supports the protective efficacy of phenformin against radiation toxicity in zebrafish embryos by suppressing oxidative stress and ensuing apoptosis.

12.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9060-9065, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675239

RESUMO

An efficient Pd(OAc)2-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of α-iminoesters was realized for the first time at 1 atm hydrogen pressure and room temperature. Pd(OAc)2, a less expensive Pd salt with low toxicity, was found to be the most suitable catalyst precursor rather than Pd(TFA)2 which is usually the catalyst of choice for homogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation. The chiral α-arylglycine fragments are widely found in many chiral products and bioactive molecules.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1482, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) varies over space and time and this variability is related to climate and social-economic factors. Majority of studies on HFMD were carried out in humid regions while few have focused on the disease in arid/semi-arid regions, more research in such climates would potentially make the mechanism of HFMD transmission clearer under different climate conditions. METHODS: In this paper, we explore spatial-temporal distribution of HFMD in Ningxia province, which has an arid/semi-arid climate in northwest China. We first employed a Bayesian space-time hierarchy model (BSTHM) to assess the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of the HFMD cases and its relationship with meteorological factors in Ningxia from 2009 to 2013, then used a novel spatial statistical software package GeoDetector to test the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of HFMD risk. RESULTS: The results showed that the spatial relative risks in northern part of Ningxia were higher than those in the south. The highest temporal risk of HFMD incidence was in fall season, with a secondary peak in spring. Meteorological factors, such as average temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed played significant roles in the spatial-temporal distribution of HFMD risk. CONCLUSIONS: The study provide valuable information on HFMD distribution in arid/semi-arid areas in northwest China and facilitate understanding of the concentration of HFMD.

14.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of global invasive species has significantly increased during the past two centuries due to globalization. The understanding of species invasion under climate change is crucial for sustainable biodiversity conservation, community dynamics, ecosystem function, and resource distribution. Two invasive species, Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) and D. neobrevipes (Beardsley) have greatly expanded their ranges during recent years. These insects are now considered as extremely serious pests for various plants, especially pineapple. In addition, they are the primary vectors for pineapple wilt associated virus. However, the potential distribution range and management strategies for these pests are unclear. RESULTS: In this study, potential risk maps were developed for these pests with MaxEnt (maximum entropy) based on occurrence data under different environmental variables. The potential distributions of these pests were projected for 2050s and 2070s under three climate change scenarios as described in the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Results showed that both pests have similar potential distributions, with high environmental suitability in South America, Africa and South Asia. In addition, potential range expansions or reductions were predicted under different climate change scenarios. The annual mean temperature was the most important factor, accounting for 43.4% of D. brevipes distribution. The minimum temperature of coldest month and mean temperature of coldest quarter was found to be responsible for 90.3% of D. neobrevipes distribution. CONCLUSION: This research provided a theoretical reference framework to develop policies in the management and control of these invasive pests. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9751471, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687404

RESUMO

Malaria is a disease of public health importance in many parts of the world. Currently, there is no effective way to eradicate malaria, so developing safe, efficient, and cost-effective vaccines against this disease remains an important goal. Current research on malaria vaccines is focused on developing vaccines against pre-erythrocytic stage parasites and blood-stage parasites or on developing a transmission-blocking vaccine. Here, we briefly describe the progress made towards a vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum, the most pathogenic of the malaria parasite species to infect humans.

16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 8469-8481, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695375

RESUMO

Background: A pandemic influenza viral strain, influenza A/California/07/2009 (pdmH1N1), has been considered to be a potential issue that needs to be controlled to avoid the seasonal emergence of mutated strains. Materials and methods: In this study, aptamer-antibody complementation was implemented on a multiwalled carbon nanotube-gold conjugated sensing surface with a dielectrode to detect pandemic pdmH1N1. Preliminary biomolecular and dielectrode surface analyses were performed by molecular and microscopic methods. A stable anti-pdmH1N1 aptamer sequence interacted with hemagglutinin (HA) and was compared with the antibody interaction. Both aptamer and antibody attachments on the surface as the basic molecule attained the saturation at nanomolar levels. Results: Aptamers were found to have higher affinity and electric response than antibodies against HA of pdmH1N1. Linear regression with aptamer-HA interaction displays sensitivity in the range of 10 fM, whereas antibody-HA interaction shows a 100-fold lower level (1 pM). When sandwich-based detection of aptamer-HA-antibody and antibody-HA-aptamer was performed, a higher response of current was observed in both cases. Moreover, the detection strategy with aptamer clearly discriminated the closely related HA of influenza B/Tokyo/53/99 and influenza A/Panama/2007/1999 (H3N2). Conclusion: The high performance of the abovementioned detection methods was supported by the apparent specificity and reproducibility by the demonstrated sensing system.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705124

RESUMO

Stem cell therapy represents the potential alternative effective strategy for some diseases that lack effective treatment currently. Correspondingly, it is crucial to establish high-sensitive and reliable quantification assay for tracing exogenous cell migration. In the present study, we first used both bioluminescence imaging (BLI) indirect labeling (human norepinephrine transporter-luciferase reporter system) and 89zirconium (89Zr)-hNSCs direct labeling combined with positron emission tomography/computer tomography (PET/CT) system for tracking human neural stem cells (hNSCs) migration into the brain via nasal administration in preclinical study. But the above two methods failed to give the biodistribution profile due to their low sensitivity. Considering its superior sensitivity and absolute quantitation capability, we developed and validated the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) targeting species-specific gene in frozen and paraffin sections, slices, and whole blood with the sensitivity of 100-200 hNSCs. Accurate and high throughput quantification could be performed using ddPCR with the coefficient of variation (CVs) of lower quality control (LQC) below 30%. In combination with immunohistochemistry and ddPCR, we confirmed the migration of hNSCs into the brain via nasal administration, which supported the efficacy of hNSCs in MPTP-treated mice, an animal model of Parkinson's disease. In conclusion, the present study is the first to report the application of ddPCR in the pharmacokinetics profile description of tracking of hNSCs in preclinical studies.

18.
Environ Pollut ; : 113362, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672369

RESUMO

The placenta is essential for sustaining the growth of the fetus. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the placenta in MCLR-induced significant reduction in fetal weight, especially the changes in placental structure and function. Pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with MCLR (5 or 20 µg/kg) from gestational day (GD) 13 to GD17. The results showed MCLR reduced fetal weight and placenta weight. The histological specimens of the placentas were taken for light and electron microscopy studies. The internal space of blood vessels decreased obviously in the placental labyrinth layer of mice treated with MCLR. After the ultrastructural examination, the edema and intracytoplasmic vacuolization, dilation of the endoplasmic reticulum and corrugation of the nucleus were observed. In addition, maternal MCLR exposure caused a reduction of 11ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD11B2) expression in placentae, a critical regulator of fetal development. Several genes of placental growth factors, such as Vegfα and Pgf and several genes of nutrient transport pumps, such as Glut1 and Pcft were depressed in placentas of MCLR-treated mice, however nutrient transporters Fatp1 and Snat4 were promoted. Moreover, significant increases in malondialdehyde (MDA) revealed the occurrence of oxidative stress caused by MCLR, which was also verified by remarkable decrease in the glutathione levels, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) as well as the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Real-time PCR and western blot analysis revealed that GRP78, CHOP, XBP-1, peIF2α and pIRE1 were remarkable increased in placentas of MCLR-treated mice, indicating that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway was activated by MCLR. Furthermore, oxidative stress and ER stress consequently triggered apoptosis which contributed to the impairment of placental development. Collectively, these results suggest maternal MCLR exposure results in reduced fetal body weight, which might be associated with ROS-mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress and impairment in placental structure and function.

19.
Biomaterials ; : 119614, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753475

RESUMO

The severe mortality and morbidity of myocardial infarction requests appropriate and accurate detection. Considering pathological profile of the acidic myocardial infarction microenvironments, herein, the low pH-sensitive albumin nanocomposites with MnO2 motifs (MnO2@BSA) have been engineered for T1-weighted MR imaging of myocardial infarction, while using non-pH-responsive Gd2O3@BSA nanocomposites as control. The nanocomposites were 20-30 nm in diameter with spheroid morphology. Besides, the MnO2@BSA have exhibited pH-triggered releasing of Mn2+, demonstrating approximately 38-fold and 55-fold increased molecular relaxivity at acute myocardial infarction-mimicking pH 6.5 (13.08 mM-1s-1) and macrophage intracellular pH 5.0 (18.76 mM-1s-1) compared to the extremely low relaxivity (0.34 mM-1s-1) at normal physiological conditions (pH 7.4). However, the Gd2O3@BSA with molecular relaxivity approximately 10 mM-1s-1 were without pH-sensitive properties. Furthermore, the MnO2@BSA have demonstrated high accumulation in the acute myocardial infarction regions and fast metabolism from the body after systemic injection, accounting high contrast enhancement for accurate MR imaging of acute myocardial infarction in rabbit models, demonstrating better diagnostic performance over the controls.

20.
Int Heart J ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735773

RESUMO

Inflammatory factors have specific value in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our previous studies have identified the prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-34 during chronic heart failure. However, the potential impact of IL-34 on AMI remains unknown.Serum IL-34 was measured in 287 AMI patients, and they were followed up for the composite endpoint, including cardiovascular death, heart failure hospitalization, recurrent nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and nonfatal stroke.IL-34 levels were significantly associated with the presence of heart failure at baseline and its aggravation after a year. During the five-year follow-up, there was a significant increase in the risk of the composite endpoint (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38 [95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.12-1.70], P < 0.01) and cardiovascular death (HR 1.48 [95%CI 1.03-2.27], P = 0.03) after full adjustment as IL-34 levels increased.Higher IL-34 levels in the acute phase were associated with an increased risk of heart failure after MI and poor prognosis.

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