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1.
Sci Adv ; 10(16): eadj4079, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630827

RESUMO

Ceramic materials with high strength and chemical inertness are widely used as engineering materials. However, the brittle nature limits their applications as fracture occurs before the onset of plastic yielding. There has been limited success despite extensive efforts to enhance the deformability of ceramics. Here we report a method for enhancing the room temperature plastic deformability of ceramics by artificially introducing abundant defects into the materials via preloading at elevated temperatures. After the preloading treatment, single crystal (SC) TiO2 exhibited a substantial increase in deformability, achieving 10% strain at room temperature. SC α-Al2O3 also showed plastic deformability, 6 to 7.5% strain, by using the preloading strategy. These preinjected defects enabled the plastic deformation process of the ceramics at room temperature. These findings suggest a great potential for defect engineering in achieving plasticity in ceramics at room temperature.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(15): 19103-19111, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578811

RESUMO

The coexistence of nonvolatile and volatile switching modes in a single memristive device provides flexibility to emulate both neuronal and synaptic functions in the brain. Furthermore, such a device structure may eliminate the need for additional circuit elements such as transistor-based selectors, enabling low-power consumption and high-density device integration in fully memristive spiking neural networks. In this work, we report dual resistive switching (RS) modes in VO2/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) bilayer memristive devices. Specifically, the nonvolatile RS is driven by the movement of oxygen vacancies (Vo) at the VO2/LSMO interface and requires a higher biasing voltage, whereas the volatile RS is controlled by the metal-insulator transition (MIT) of VO2 under a lower biasing voltage. The simple device structure is electrically driven between the two RS modes and thus can operate as a one selector-one resistor (1S1R) cell, which is a desirable feature in memristive crossbar arrays to avoid the sneak-path current issue. The RS modes are found to be stable and repeatable and can be reconfigured by exploiting the interfacial and phase transition properties, and thus, they hold great promise for applications in memristive neural networks and neuromorphic computing.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8201, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589634

RESUMO

The α-tubulin subtype, Tubulin α-1b chain (TUBA1B), has been shown to influence immune cell infiltration, cancer growth, and survival across various malignancies. However, a comprehensive study has not yet been undertaken examining the immunological and predictive effects of TUBA1B in a pan-carcinoma context. Using data from TCGA, GEO, and other databases, we analyzed TUBA1B expression across various carcinoma types using transcriptional profiling, prognostic implications, genetic and epigenetic alterations, methylation patterns, and immunological significance. To validate our findings, we conducted Western blot analysis to assess TUBA1B protein levels in matched breast cancer tissue samples and performed CCK-8 proliferation assay, flow cytometry, transwell invasion, and migration assays to comprehensively examine the functional impact of TUBA1B on breast cancer cells. Our pan-cancer analysis found TUBA1B upregulation across most tumor types, with varying expression patterns in distinct immune and molecular subtypes. High TUBA1B expression was an independent risk factor and associated with poor prognoses in several cancers, including BRCA, KICH, LGG, LUAD, and MESO. TUBA1B also demonstrates moderate to high diagnostic accuracy in most tumor types. Increased m6A methylation levels were observed in the TUBA1B gene, while its promoter region displayed low methylation levels. TUBA1B's expression impacted some cancers by elevating tumor mutation burden, microsatellite instability, neoantigen formation, immune cell infiltration, and the modulation of immune checkpoints. Functional enrichment analysis highlights TUBA1B's involvement in important cellular processes such as the cell cycle, p53 signaling, cell senescence, programmed cell death, and the regulation of immune-related pathways. Moreover, our study reveals higher TUBA1B protein expression in breast cancer tissues compared to adjacent tissues. In vitro experiments confirm that TUBA1B deletion reduces breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and migration while increasing apoptosis. In conclusion, our study suggests that TUBA1B could potentially serve as a diagnostic marker for predicting cancer immunological profiles and survival outcomes and shed light on the expression and role of TUBA1B in breast cancer, providing a solid foundation for considering it as a promising therapeutic target for breast cancer patient treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores
4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(10): 1431-1449, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serotonin receptor 2B (5-HT2B receptor) plays a critical role in many chronic pain conditions. The possible involvement of the 5-HT2B receptor in the altered gut sensation of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) was investigated in the present study. AIM: To investigate the possible involvement of 5-HT2B receptor in the altered gut sensation in rat model and patients with IBS-D. METHODS: Rectosigmoid biopsies were collected from 18 patients with IBS-D and 10 patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation who fulfilled the Rome IV criteria and 15 healthy controls. The expression level of the 5-HT2B receptor in colon tissue was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and correlated with abdominal pain scores. The IBS-D rat model was induced by intracolonic instillation of acetic acid and wrap restraint. Alterations in visceral sensitivity and 5-HT2B receptor and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) expression were examined following 5-HT2B receptor antagonist administration. Changes in visceral sensitivity after administration of the TRPV1 antagonist were recorded. RESULTS: Here, we observed greater expression of the 5-HT2B receptor in the colonic mucosa of patients with IBS-D than in that of controls, which was correlated with abdominal pain scores. Intracolonic instillation of acetic acid and wrap restraint induced obvious chronic visceral hypersensitivity and increased fecal weight and fecal water content. Exogenous 5-HT2B receptor agonist administration increased visceral hypersensitivity, which was alleviated by successive administration of a TRPV1 antagonist. IBS-D rats receiving the 5-HT2B receptor antagonist exhibited inhibited visceral hyperalgesia.Moreover, the percentage of 5-HT2B receptor-immunoreactive (IR) cells surrounded by TRPV1-positive cells (5-HT2B receptor I+) and total 5-HT2B receptor IR cells (5-HT2B receptor IT) in IBS-D rats was significantly reduced by the administration of a 5-HT2B receptor antagonist. CONCLUSION: Our finding that increased expression of the 5-HT2B receptor contributes to visceral hyperalgesia by inducing TRPV1 expression in IBS-D patients provides important insights into the potential mechanisms underlying IBS-D-associated visceral hyperalgesia.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/patologia , Receptor 5-HT2B de Serotonina , Hiperalgesia/etiologia , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Diarreia/etiologia , Receptores de Serotonina , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Dor Abdominal/metabolismo , Acetatos
5.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-7, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze key factors affecting the surgical outcome of children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia, providing more effective clinical guidance. METHODS: We conducted a study from March 2019 to February 2021, selecting 80 children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia who underwent surgical treatment. Comprehensive inclusion criteria were met. We collected general information and treatment outcomes before and after surgery, with a two-year postoperative follow-up. Patients were categorized into good and poor outcome groups based on outcomes. Various factors including pathological types, age of onset, seizure frequency, and extent of resection were selected as variables. Logistic regression analysis investigated predictive factors. RESULTS: Engel class I included 53 cases, class II had 16 cases, class III had 9 cases, and class IV had 2 cases. Thus, 53 cases were in the good outcome group, and 27 in the poor outcome group. General data showed no significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). Single-factor analysis revealed statistically significant risk factors: FCD classification, MRI results, age of onset, seizure frequency, and extent of resection (p < 0.05). Logistic multifactor analysis indicated seizure frequency. acute postoperative seizures (APSO) and extent of resection as independent influencing factors (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Seizure frequency, extent of resection, and APSO are key independent factors for surgical outcome in children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia. Clinicians should consider these factors when planning treatment to improve success rates and outcome, enhancing quality of life for affected children.

6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301353, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558019

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Even though replantation of limb mutilation is increasing, postoperative wound infection can result in increasing the financial and psychological burden of patients. Here, we sought to explore the distribution of pathogens and identify risk factors for postoperative wound infection to help early identification and managements of high-risk patients. METHODS: Adult inpatients with severed traumatic major limb mutilation who underwent replantation from Suzhou Ruixing Medical Group between November 09, 2014, and September 6, 2022 were included in this retrospective study. Demographic, and clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes were collected. Data were used to analyze risk factors for postoperative wound infection. RESULTS: Among the 249 patients, 185 (74.3%) were males, the median age was 47.0 years old. Postoperative wound infection in 74 (29.7%) patients, of whom 51 (20.5%) had infection with multi-drug resistant bacteria. Ischemia time (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.13-1.53, P = 0.001), wound contamination (OR 6.01, 95% CI 2.38-15.19, P <0.001), and stress hyperglycemia (OR 23.37, 95% CI 2.30-236.93, P = 0.008) were independent risk factors, while the albumin level after surgery (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.89-0.99, P = 0.031) was significant associated with the decrease of postoperative wound infection. Ischemia time (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.05-1.40, P = 0.010), wound contamination (OR 8.63, 95% CI 2.91-25.57, P <0.001), and MESS (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.02-1.71, P = 0.037 were independent risk factors for multi-drug resistant bacteria infection. CONCLUSIONS: Post-replantation wound infection was common in patients with severe traumatic major limb mutilation, and most were multi-drug resistant bacteria. Ischemia time and wound contamination were associated with the increase of postoperative wound infection, including caused by multi-drug resistant. Positive correction of hypoproteinemia and control of stress hyperglycemia may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Hiperglicemia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Masculino , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Reimplante/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro , Hiperglicemia/etiologia , Isquemia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565799

RESUMO

Intestinal macrophages play crucial roles in both intestinal inflammation and immune homeostasis. They can adopt two distinct phenotypes, primarily determined by environmental cues. These phenotypes encompass the classically activated pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype, as well as the alternatively activated anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. In regular conditions, intestinal macrophages serve to shield the gut from inflammatory harm. However, when a combination of genetic and environmental elements influences the polarization of these macrophages, it can result in an M1/M2 macrophage activation imbalance, subsequently leading to a loss of control over intestinal inflammation. This shift transforms normal inflammatory responses into pathological damage within the intestines. In patients with ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer (UC-CRC), disorders related to intestinal inflammation are closely correlated with an imbalance in the polarization of intestinal M1/M2 macrophages. Therefore, reinstating the equilibrium in M1/M2 macrophage polarization could potentially serve as an effective approach to the prevention and treatment of UC-CRC. This paper aims to scrutinize the clinical evidence regarding Chinese medicine (CM) in the treatment of UC-CRC, the pivotal role of macrophage polarization in UC-CRC pathogenesis, and the potential mechanisms through which CM regulates macrophage polarization to address UC-CRC. Our objective is to offer fresh perspectives for clinical application, fundamental research, and pharmaceutical advancement in UC-CRC.

8.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580551

RESUMO

The rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is a crucial experimental animal that shares many genetic, brain organizational, and behavioral characteristics with humans. A macaque brain atlas is fundamental to biomedical and evolutionary research. However, even though connectivity is vital for understanding brain functions, a connectivity-based whole-brain atlas of the macaque has not previously been made. In this study, we created a new whole-brain map, the Macaque Brainnetome Atlas (MacBNA), based on the anatomical connectivity profiles provided by high angular and spatial resolution ex vivo diffusion MRI data. The new atlas consists of 248 cortical and 56 subcortical regions as well as their structural and functional connections. The parcellation and the diffusion-based tractography were evaluated with invasive neuronal-tracing and Nissl-stained images. As a demonstrative application, the structural connectivity divergence between macaque and human brains was mapped using the Brainnetome atlases of those two species to uncover the genetic underpinnings of the evolutionary changes in brain structure. The resulting resource includes: (1) the thoroughly delineated Macaque Brainnetome Atlas (MacBNA), (2) regional connectivity profiles, (3) the postmortem high-resolution macaque diffusion and T2-weighted MRI dataset (Brainnetome-8), and (4) multi-contrast MRI, neuronal-tracing, and histological images collected from a single macaque. MacBNA can serve as a common reference frame for mapping multifaceted features across modalities and spatial scales and for integrative investigation and characterization of brain organization and function. Therefore, it will enrich the collaborative resource platform for nonhuman primates and facilitate translational and comparative neuroscience research.

9.
MycoKeys ; 102: 301-315, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495535

RESUMO

Rich and diverse fungal species occur in different habitats on the earth. Many new taxa are being reported and described in increasing numbers with the advent of molecular phylogenetics. However, there are still a number of unknown fungi that have not yet been discovered and described. During a survey of fungal diversity in different habitats in China, we identified and proposed two new species, based on the morphology and multi-gene phylogenetic analyses. Herein, we report the descriptions, illustrations and molecular phylogeny of the two new species, Bisifusariumkeratinophilumsp. nov. and Ovatosporasinensissp. nov.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27520, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496858

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to estimate the association between weight-adjusted waist index and serum total testosterone (sTT) in males aged 6-19 years in the United States. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2016. sTT was considered as the response variable, and weight-adjusted waist circumference index (WWI) as the independent variable. Multiple linear regression was performed to estimate the association between the two variables, and subgroup analysis was performed to identify sensitive cohorts. Smoothing curve fitting and threshold effects analysis was carried out to assess possible nonlinear relationships between WWI and sTT. Results: The study included 4207 participants. The mean value of sTT (117.93 ng/dl) was used as the grouping basis, with 1066 participants having serum total testosterone levels above the mean. A negative association was observed between WWI and sTT [beta coefficient (ß) = -72.50, 95% confidence interval (CI): -79.45, -65.55], which decreased as WWI increased (P for trend<0.05). Subgroup analysis indicated a stronger negative correlation in late adolescent (16-19 years) males (ß = -128.94, 95% CI: -146.75, -111.13). The smoothing curve fit analysis revealed a U-shaped curve relationship for the negative correlation between WWI and sTT. Threshold effect analysis suggested a significant change when WWI exceeded 10.09 (ß = -15.82, 95% CI: -24.11, -7.54), and stepwise threshold effect analysis indicated that this negative correlation became less stable when WWI exceeded 11.45 (ß = -0.80, 95% CI: -9.15, 7.56). Conclusions: Participants with higher WWI exhibited lower total testosterone levels, and a negative association was found between WWI and total testosterone, particularly in late adolescent males aged 16-19 years. Among males aged 6-19 years, caution should be exercised regarding the risk of lower testosterone levels associated with elevated WWI, particularly when WWI is below 10.09.

11.
Vet Rec ; 194(6): 235, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488576
12.
Biol Res ; 57(1): 9, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by death of dopaminergic neurons leading to dopamine deficiency, excessive α-synuclein facilitating Lewy body formation, etc. Latroeggtoxin-VI (LETX-VI), a proteinaceous neurotoxin discovered from the eggs of spider L. tredecimguttatus, was previously found to promote the synthesis and release of PC12 cells, showing a great potential as a drug candidate for PD. However, the relevant mechanisms have not been understood completely. The present study explored the mechanism underlying the effects of LETX-VI on dopamine and α-synuclein of PC12 cells and the implications for PD. RESULTS: After PC12 cells were treated with LETX-VI, the level of dopamine was significantly increased in a dose-dependent way within a certain range of concentrations. Further mechanism analysis showed that LETX-VI upregulated the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and L-dopa decarboxylase to enhance the biosynthesis of dopamine, and downregulated that of monoamine oxidase B to reduce the degradation of dopamine. At the same time, LETX-VI promoted the transport and release of dopamine through modulating the abundance and/or posttranslational modification of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) and dopamine transporter (DAT). While the level of dopamine was increased by LETX-VI treatment, α-synuclein content was reduced by the spider toxin. α-Synuclein overexpression significantly decreased the dopamine level and LETX-VI efficiently alleviated the inhibitory action of excessive α-synuclein on dopamine. In the MPTP-induced mouse model of PD, application of LETX-VI ameliorated parkinsonian behaviors of the mice, and reduced the magnitude of MPTP-induced α-synuclein upregulation and TH downregulation. In addition, LETX-VI displayed neuroprotective effects by inhibiting MPTP-induced decrease in the numbers of TH-positive and Nissl-stained neurons in mouse brain tissues. CONCLUSIONS: All the results demonstrate that LETX-VI promotes the synthesis and release of dopamine in PC12 cells via multiple mechanisms including preventing abnormal α-synuclein accumulation, showing implications in the prevention and treatment of PD.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Doença de Parkinson , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Dopamina/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Células PC12 , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
13.
J Health Psychol ; : 13591053241238126, 2024 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494647

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, different policies were implemented to increase vaccination uptake. Meanwhile, conspiracy theories spread widely, and vaccinated versus unvaccinated people increasingly polarized against each other. This study examined the associations between perceived vaccination coercion, conspiracy beliefs and polarization. We tested the relationship of vaccination status with perceived vaccination coercion, conspiracy beliefs, and polarization, with a total sample size of N = 1202 (n = 400 in China, n = 401 in the US, and n = 401 in the UK), among them n = 603 were vaccinated and n = 599 were unvaccinated. As pre-registered, unvaccinated people perceived more vaccination coercion and endorsed more conspiracy theories. Conspiracy mentality was positively related to perceived coercion. Contrary to our hypotheses, vaccinated people were more polarized toward unvaccinated people than vice versa. Finally, conspiracy beliefs mediated the link between perceived coercion and polarization among unvaccinated people.

14.
Plant J ; 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430487

RESUMO

Melon (Cucumis melo L.), being under intensive domestication and selective breeding, displays an abundant phenotypic diversity. Wild germplasm with tolerance to stress represents an untapped genetic resource for discovery of disease-resistance genes. To comprehensively characterize resistance genes in melon, we generate a telomere-to-telomere (T2T) and gap-free genome of wild melon accession PI511890 (C. melo var. chito) with a total length of 375.0 Mb and a contig N50 of 31.24 Mb. The complete genome allows us to dissect genome architecture and identify resistance gene analogs. We construct a pan-NLRome using seven melon genomes, which include 208 variable and 18 core nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs). Multiple disease-related transcriptome analyses indicate that most up-regulated NLRs induced by pathogens are shell or cloud NLRs. The T2T gap-free assembly and the pan-NLRome not only serve as essential resources for genomic studies and molecular breeding of melon but also provide insights into the genome architecture and NLR diversity.

15.
Small ; : e2310241, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441385

RESUMO

The direct use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as therapeutics for skin injuries is a promising approach, yet it still faces several obstacles, including limited adhesion, retention, and engraftment of stem cells in the wound area, as well as impaired regenerative and healing functions. Here, DNA-based self-assembled composites are reported that can aid the adhesion of MSCs in skin wounds, enhance MSC viability, and accelerate wound closure and re-epithelialization. Rolling-circle amplification (RCA)-derived DNA flowers, equipped with multiple copies of cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) peptides and anti-von Willebrand factor (vWF) aptamers, act as robust scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and enable synergistic recognition and adhesion to stem cells and damaged vascular endothelial cells. These DNA structure-aided stem cells are retained at localized wound sites, maintain repair function, and promote angiogenesis and growth factor secretion. In both normal and diabetes-prone db/db mice models with excisional skin injuries, facile topical administration of DNA flower-MSCs elicits rapid blood vessel formation and enhances the sealing of the wound edges in a single dose. DNA composite-engineered stem cells warrant further exploration as a new strategy for the treatment of skin and tissue damage.

16.
Front Neurorobot ; 18: 1284175, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510208

RESUMO

Introduction: Intelligent robots play a crucial role in enhancing efficiency, reducing costs, and improving safety in the logistics industry. However, traditional path planning methods often struggle to adapt to dynamic environments, leading to issues such as collisions and conflicts. This study aims to address the challenges of path planning and control for logistics robots in complex environments. Methods: The proposed method integrates information from different perception modalities to achieve more accurate path planning and obstacle avoidance control, thereby enhancing the autonomy and reliability of logistics robots. Firstly, a 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) is employed to learn the feature representation of objects in the environment for object recognition. Next, long short-term memory (LSTM) is used to model spatio-temporal features and predict the behavior and trajectory of dynamic obstacles. This enables the robot to accurately predict the future position of obstacles in complex environments, reducing collision risks. Finally, the Dijkstra algorithm is applied for path planning and control decisions to ensure the robot selects the optimal path in various scenarios. Results: Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in terms of path planning accuracy and obstacle avoidance performance. The method outperforms traditional approaches, showing significant improvements in both aspects. Discussion: The intelligent path planning and control scheme presented in this paper enhances the practicality of logistics robots in complex environments, thereby promoting efficiency and safety in the logistics industry.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518146

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of WeChat-based continuity nursing in reducing postpartum depression and improving the quality of life among primiparous women undergoing cesarean delivery. Methods: A total of 200 patients who intended to undergo cesarean delivery in our hospital between January 2021 and January 2022 were recruited for this study, including 20 patients who refused to participate in the study and 30 patients who did not meet the criteria of this study for various reasons, and a total of 150 cases were finally included. All participants were assigned 1:1 into the control group and observation group according to the time of the first pregnancy test and the primiparous in the observation group were given WeChat continuity nursing, and the primiparous in the control group was given routine obstetric care. WeChat continuity nursing included establishment of continuity nursing team, WeChat group setup and communication, education and support, and psychological counseling and follow-up. The baseline data of all mothers were collected and recorded, and the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), quality of life scores, maternal and infant complications, and the satisfaction rate of care were compared between the two groups. Results: The SAS and SDS scores of the observation group were consistently lower than those of the control group at 1, 3, and 6 months post-hospital discharge (P < .01). Following the implementation of WeChat continuity nursing intervention, patients in the observation group demonstrated significant improvements in mental health, physical function, somatic pain, vitality, and social function scores compared to the control group (P < .01). Additionally, the incidence of complications was notably lower in the observation group, including reduced rates of incisional infection, breast swelling, unclear dew, abnormal defecation among mothers, and decreased occurrence of breech redness, umbilical cord issues, eczema, and delayed umbilical cord detachment among infants (P < .05). Moreover, the satisfaction rate among patients in the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (95.507% vs. 84.058%) (P < .05). These findings highlight the efficacy and importance of integrating WeChat continuity nursing intervention into postpartum care practices. Conclusion: Our study strongly supports the effectiveness of WeChat continuity nursing intervention in improving postpartum mental health, reducing complications, and increasing patient satisfaction. These findings suggest the potential for integrating digital nursing interventions into standard postpartum care practices, offering personalized and accessible healthcare services. Policymakers and healthcare providers should consider adopting such interventions to optimize postpartum outcomes and enhance patient experiences.

18.
Food Chem ; 447: 139035, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507951

RESUMO

Excessive sodium intake is a major contributor to the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to prepare, isolate, and characterize peptides from bovine bone protein and investigate the salty/salt-enhancing mechanism of peptides. 1032 peptides were identified in the enzymatic hydrolysates of bovine bone protein and were further screened by the composition of amino acid residues and molecular docking analysis. 5 peptides were finally selected for solid-phase synthesis, and KER showed a better salty taste by sensory verification. Moreover, the synergistic effect of KER in NaCl and MSG solution could enhance the salty intensity by 65.26 %. The binding of KER to the salty receptor (TMC4) was driven by hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions with a binding energy of -88.0734 kcal/mol. This work may provide a new approach to efficiently screen salty peptides from natural food materials, which were expected as a taste enhancer used in salt-reducing foods.


Assuntos
Cloreto de Sódio , Paladar , Animais , Bovinos , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Peptídeos/farmacologia
19.
Lung Cancer ; 190: 107541, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metabolic reprogramming is an important coordinator of tumor development and resistance to therapy, such as the tendency of tumor cells to utilize glycolytic energy rather than oxidative phosphorylation, even under conditions of sufficient oxygen. Therefore, targeting metabolic enzymes is an effective strategy to overcome therapeutic resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We explored the differential expression and growth-promoting function of MDH2 by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting experiments in lung cancer patients and lung cancer cells. Pentose phosphate pathway-related phenotypes (including ROS levels, NADPH levels, and DNA synthesis) were detected intracellularly, and the interaction of malate and proteinase 6PGD was detected in vitro. In vivo experiments using implanted xenograft mouse models to explore the growth inhibitory effect and pro-chemotherapeutic function of dimethyl malate (DMM) on lung cancer. RESULTS: We found that the expression of malate dehydrogenase (MDH2) in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) was increased in lung cancer. Biological function enrichment analysis revealed that MDH2 not only promoted oxidative phosphorylation, but also promoted the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP pathway). Mechanistically, it was found that malate, the substrate of MDH2, can bind to the PPP pathway metabolic enzyme 6PGD, inhibit its activity, reduce the generation of NADPH, and block DNA synthesis. More importantly, DMM can improve the sensitivity of lung cancer to the clinical drug cisplatin. CONCLUSION: We have identified malate as a natural inhibitor of 6PGD, which will provide new leads for the development of 6PGD inhibitors. In addition, the metabolic enzyme MDH2 and the metabolite malate may provide a backup option for cells to inhibit their own carcinogenesis, as the accumulated malate targets 6PGD to block the PPP pathway and inhibit cell cycle progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , DNA , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Malatos/farmacologia , NADP/metabolismo
20.
Nanoscale ; 16(14): 6837-6852, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501176

RESUMO

Lead-free double perovskites (DPs) with superior environmental stability and high defect tolerance have attracted considerable attention and exhibit great promise in photodetectors, solar cells, lighting devices, etc. However, achieving optical modulation and high photoluminescence quantum yield using this kind of material remains a challenge. Rare earth ions feature abundant energy levels and outstanding photophysical properties. Incorporating rare earth ions into lead-free DPs is an effective strategy to improve their optical performances, which have great effects on night-vision and light emitting diodes. Consequently, in this mini-review, we summarize the synthesis methods, optical properties, issues, and multifunctional applications of lead-free DPs described in recent years. The performances of DPs can be modulated via rare earth doping, which involves the extension of luminescence range, the improvement of PLQY, the realization of multi-mode excitation, and the regulation of luminescence color. We hope that this review will provide some insights into luminescence modulation and applications of lead-free DPs.

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