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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130135, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36303339

RESUMO

The photochemical activity of fluoroquinolone antibiotics (FQs) has gained attention due to the discovery of their phototoxicity and photocarcinogenicity in clinics. This study reveals that norfloxacin (NOR) can sensitize the photodegradation of phenylurea (PU) herbicides. This is attributed to the formation of an excited triplet of norfloxacin (3NOR*) by UV-A irradiation of its quinolone chromophore, which can further react with O2 to form singlet oxygen (1O2). The second-order rate of 3NOR* with PU ranges from 1.54 × 1010 to 2.76 × 1010 M-1s-1. The steady-state concentrations of 3NOR* were calculated as (4.29-31.2)× 10-16 M at 10 µM NOR under UV365nm irradiation. Natural organic matter (NOM) inhibited the degradation of PU induced by 3NOR*. In the presence of 10 mg L-1 NOM, the pseudo-first-order rate constants (kobs,NOM) of the degradation of diuron (DIU), isoproturon (IPU), monuron (MOU), and chlorotoluron (CLU) decreased by 65%, 19%, 36%, and 62%, respectively. NOM mainly acts as a reductant which reacted with the radical intermediates of the PU generated by 3NOR*oxidation, thus reversing the oxidation. The inhibitory effect increases with increasing NOM concentration. Results of this study underscore the role of NOR as a photosensitizer in accelerating the abatement of PU pesticides in sunlit surface waters. This study significantly advances the understandings of the behavior of NOR in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Fotólise , Norfloxacino , Oxigênio Singlete , Raios Ultravioleta
2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 617-629, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182168

RESUMO

In this work, a novel dual Z-scheme Bi2WO6/g-C3N4/black phosphorus quantum dots (Bi2WO6/g-C3N4/BPQDs) composites were fabricated and utilized towards photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) under visible-light irradiation. Optimizing the content of g-C3N4 and BPQDs in Bi2WO6/g-C3N4/BPQDs composites to a suitable mass ratio can enhance the visible-light harvesting capacity and increase the charge separation efficiency and the transfer rate of excited-state electrons and holes, resulting in much higher photocatalytic activity for BPA degradation (95.6%, at 20 mg/L in 120 min) than that of Bi2WO6 (63.7%), g-C3N4 (25.0%), BPQDs (8.5%), and Bi2WO6/g-C3N4 (79.6%), respectively. Radical trapping experiments indicated that photogenerated holes (h+) and superoxide radicals (•O2-) played crucial roles in photocatalytic BPA degradation. Further, the possible degradation pathway and photocatalytic mechanism was proposed by analyzing the BPA intermediates. This work also demonstrated that the Bi2WO6/g-C3N4/BPQDs as effective photocatalysts was stable and have promising potential to remove environmental contaminants from real water samples.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Catálise , Fenóis , Fósforo , Superóxidos , Água
3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt B): 795-803, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356447

RESUMO

SiO2 nanomaterials are widely used for antireflection and self-cleaning, but the preparation process is usually complex and time-consuming. Hence, we present a facile one-step synthesis of a hydrophobic two-dimensional SiO2 nanomesh by tuning the reaction temperature using dodecylamine as a catalyst. SiO2 nanomesh has the advantages of an adjustable refractive index, simple preparation process, and low cost, which affords both antireflection and self-cleaning functions for solar cells. Two types of perovskite solar cells were used to verify the stability and universality of the SiO2 nanomesh coatings. The antireflection effect of the SiO2 nanomesh is found to increase the current density of both perovskite solar cells fabricated at 500 °C and 150 °C, with the efficiency increased by 4.48% and 4.79%, respectively.

4.
Food Chem ; 400: 133998, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055141

RESUMO

Colostrum is essential for immune system development and has a protective role for infants in early life. However, the lipid compositions of human and ewe colostra have not been characterized. We hypothesized that lipidomics can be used to compare lipids in two mammalian colostra. Herein, 1004 lipids assigned to 26 subclasses were identified in both human and ewe colostra using a quantitative lipidomics approach. In total, 173 significantly different lipids (SDLs) were investigated (variable importance in projection > 1.1, fold change (FC) ≥ 2 or ≤0.5, and P < 0.0001). Four potential lipid biomarkers, namely, DG (19:0/18:0), TG (10:0/15:0/16:0), FFA (22:0), and TG (18:1/24:1/18:2), were selected from the 173 SDLs based on FC values. These different lipids were involved in 44 metabolic pathways, of which sphingolipid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were the major pathways. Our results improve the understanding of the differences between human and ewe colostra lipids.


Assuntos
Colostro , Lipidômica , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Colostro/metabolismo , Feminino , Glicerofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Mamíferos , Gravidez , Ovinos , Esfingolipídeos
5.
Talanta ; 252: 123855, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029683

RESUMO

Nucleus pH is closely linked to many diseases such as aging, heart disease, skeletal myopathies, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, etc. Nevertheless, fluorescent sensors that can directly monitor nucleus pH changes have not yet been reported. Here, we first reported a green emissive carbon dots (CDs) for nucleus pH detection in living cells. CDs can selectively target nucleus with high accumulation at nucleolus due to their high affinity towards RNA once entering cells by lipid raft mediated endocytosis. Without washing, CDs at 5 µg/mL was enough to lighten nucleus within 10 min with the fluorescence on ever after 24 h incubation, achieving fast, wash-free, and long-term nucleus/nucleolus imaging. Meanwhile, the luminescent intensity of CDs was reduced gradually when pH changed continuously from 1 to 12, showing a pH-responsive fluorescence property with two linear ranges of pH 2-7 and pH 7-12. With their nucleus-targeting ability and pH-dependent photoluminescent property, CDs was successfully leveraged for nucleus pH detection in A549 cells and for in vivo pH sensing in zebra fish. CDs present a promising and powerful fluorescent sensor for nucleus imaging and nucleus pH sensing in living cells on the way to understand nucleus-related biological events.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Carbono/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
6.
Neurol Sci ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An acute exacerbation of myasthenia gravis (MG) can lead to the life-threatening myasthenia crisis which can increase the in-hospital mortality. This study aimed to clarify the correlative factor of the severity and activity of MG and the predictors of its exacerbation. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted to compare the clinical characteristics of acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-Ab)-positive generalized MG during acute exacerbation (AE) and in a stable state (SS). Logistic regression was used to determine risk factors, and a nomogram was developed. RESULTS: A total of 97 AChR-Ab MG patients were enrolled, of whom 44 had AE and 53 were in SS. The concentrations of AChR-Ab were 35.24 (23.26, 42.52) nmol/L and 19.51 (8.30, 36.93) nmol/L in the AE and SS groups (P = 0.005), respectively. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that a single AChR-Ab predicted severity and acute exacerbation, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.679. Logistic regression analysis showed that, in addition to AChR-Ab (P = 0.018), bulbar symptoms (P = 0.001), interleukin (IL)-6 (P = 0.025), CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio (P = 0.031), and CD19+ B cell proportion (P = 0.019) were independent risk factors for acute exacerbation of MG. The developed nomogram had an AUC of 0.878. The Hosmer and Lemeshow chi-square test was 4.37 (P = 0.929). CONCLUSION: AChR-Ab concentration was positively correlated with the severity and activity of MG. AChR-Ab concentration, alongside bulbar symptoms, IL-6 concentration, CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio, and CD19+ B cell proportion can predict the acute exacerbation of MG.

7.
Facets (Ott) ; 7: 774-791, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381195

RESUMO

Attenuated skeletal muscle glucose uptake (GU) has been observed with advancing age. It is important to elucidate the mechanisms linked to interventions that oppose this detrimental outcome. Earlier research using young rodents and (or) cultured myocytes reported that treatment with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-ß-d-ribofuranoside (AICAR; an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator) can increase γ3-AMPK activity and reduce membrane cholesterol content, each of which has been proposed to elevate GU. However, the effect of AICAR treatment on γ3-AMPK activity and membrane cholesterol in skeletal muscle of aged animals has not been reported. Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of AICAR treatment on these potential mechanisms for enhanced glucose uptake in the skeletal muscle of aged animals. Epitrochlearis muscles from 26-27-month-old male rats were isolated and incubated ± AICAR, followed by 3 h incubation without AICAR, and then incubation with 3-O-methyl-[3 H] glucose (to assess GU ± insulin). Muscles were also analyzed for γ3-AMPK activity and membrane cholesterol content. Prior AICAR treatment led to increased γ3-AMPK activity, reduced membrane cholesterol content, and enhanced glucose uptake in skeletal muscle from aged rats. These observations revealed that two potential mechanisms for greater GU previously observed in younger animals and (or) cell models are also potentially relevant for enhanced GU by muscles from older animals.

8.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385234

RESUMO

Treadmill exercise is widely considered an effective strategy for restoration of skilled motor function after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the specific exercise intensity that optimizes recovery and the underlying mechanistic basis of this recovery remain unclear. To that end, we sought to investigate the effect of different treadmill exercise intensities on cortical mTOR activity, a key regulator of functional recovery following CNS trauma, in an animal model of C5 crush spinal cord injury (SCI). Following injury, animals were subjected to treadmill exercise for 4 consecutive weeks at three different intensities (low intensity [LEI]; moderate intensity [MEI]; and high intensity [HEI]). Motor function recovery was assessed by horizontal ladder test, cylinder rearing test, and electrophysiology, while neurotrophic factors and cortical mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway-related proteins were assessed by Western blotting. The activation of the cortical mTOR pathway and axonal sprouting was evaluated by immunofluorescence and the changes of plasticity in motor cortex neurons were assessed by Golgi staining. In keeping with previous studies, we found that 4 weeks of treadmill training resulted in improved skilled motor function, enhanced nerve conduction capability, increased neuroplasticity, and axonal sprouting. Importantly, we also demonstrated that when compared with the LEI group, MEI and HEI groups demonstrated elevated expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), phosphorylated ribosomal S6 protein (p-S6), and protein kinase B (p-Akt), consistent with an intensity-dependent activation of the mTOR pathway and neurotrophic factor expression in the motor cortex. We also observed impaired exercise endurance and higher mortality during training in the HEI group than in the LEI and MEI groups. Collectively, our findings suggest that treadmill exercise following SCI is an effective means of promoting recovery and highlight the importance of the cortical mTOR pathway and neurotrophic factors as mediators of this effect. Importantly, our findings also demonstrate that excessive exercise can be detrimental, suggesting that moderation may be the optimal strategy. These findings provide an important foundation for further investigation of treadmill training as a modality for recovery following spinal cord injury and of the underlying mechanisms.

9.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(21)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365279

RESUMO

Several reports of graphene oxide (GO) promoting plant growth have sparked interest in its potential applications in agroforestry. However, there are still some toxicity studies that have raised concerns about the biosafety of GO. These reports show conflicting results from different perspectives, such as plant physiology, biochemistry, cytology, and molecular biology, regarding the beneficial and detrimental effects of GO on plant growth. Seemingly inconsistent studies make it difficult to effectively apply GO in agroforestry. Therefore, it is crucial to review and analyze the current literature on the impacts of GO on plant growth and its physiological parameters. Here, the biological effects of GO on plant growth are summarized. It is proposed that an appropriate concentration of GO may be conducive to its positive effects, and the particle size of GO should be considered when GO is applied in agricultural applications. This review provides a comprehensive understanding of the effects of GO on plant growth to facilitate its safe and effective use.

10.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 237, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver injury (LI) has been frequently observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), whereas its prognostic value remains blurry. We attempted to appraise the prognostic effect of LI in patients with DCM. METHODS: This retrospective study included 523 patients with DCM. LI was defined as a threefold increase in aspartate transaminase (≥ 135 U/L) or alanine transaminase (≥ 180 U/L) or a twofold increase in total bilirubin (≥ 41 umol/L) during hospitalization. The population was segmented into non-liver injury (NLI) group and LI group based on liver function test data. To balance differences in covariates at baseline, 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed. RESULTS: Patients with LI had lower survival rate, compared with those with NLI (44.6% vs. 73.8%, P < 0.001). Similar results were also found in age (age > 50, 39.6% vs. 70.9%, P < 0.001; age ≤ 50, 51.3% vs. 79.5%, P < 0.001) and gender stratified analysis (male, 46.2% vs. 74.4%, P < 0.001; female 35.7% vs. 72.0%, P = 0.001). After PSM, the survival rate of patients with LI remained lower than those with NLI (44.6% vs. 64.1%, P = 0.019). Multivariable Cox regression analysis manifested that LI (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.692, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.194-2.398, P = 0.003; HR: 1.675, 95% CI 1.078-2.604, P = 0.022, respectively) showed potent predictive effect on all-cause mortality in patients with DCM, both before and after PSM. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of LI herald adverse outcomes in patients with DCM and attention to LI may be conducive to risk stratification and management.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Alanina Transaminase , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/complicações , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(40): 5865-5880, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune dysfunction is the crucial cause in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is mainly related to lymphocytes (T or B cells, incl-uding memory B cells), mast cells, activated neutrophils, and macrophages. As the precursor of B cells, the activation of memory B cells can trigger and differentiate B cells to produce a giant variety of inducible B cells and tolerant B cells, whose dysfunction can easily lead to autoimmune diseases, including IBD. AIM: To investigate whether or not curcumin (Cur) can alleviate experimental colitis by regulating memory B cells and Bcl-6-Syk-BLNK signaling. METHODS: Colitis was induced in mice with a dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) solution in drinking water. Colitis mice were given Cur (100 mg/kg/d) orally for 14 con-secutive days. The colonic weight, colonic length, intestinal weight index, occult blood scores, and histological scores of mice were examined to evaluate the curative effect. The levels of memory B cells in peripheral blood of mice were measured by flow cytometry, and IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, IL-7A, and TNF-α expression in colonic tissue homogenates were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Western blot was used to measure the expression of Bcl-6, BLNK, Syk, and other signaling pathway related proteins. RESULTS: After Cur treatment for 14 d, the body weight, colonic weight, colonic length, colonic weight index, and colonic pathological injury of mice with colitis were ameliorated. The secretion of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-7A was statistically decreased, while the IL-35 and IL-10 levels were considerably increased. Activation of memory B cell subsets in colitis mice was confirmed by a remarkable reduction in the expression of IgM, IgG, IgA, FCRL5, CD103, FasL, PD-1, CD38, and CXCR3 on the surface of CD19+ CD27+ B cells, while the number of CD19+ CD27+ IL-10+ and CD19+ CD27+ Tim-3+ B cells increased significantly. In addition, Cur significantly inhibited the protein levels of Syk, p-Syk, Bcl-6, and CIN85, and increased BLNK and p-BLNK expression in colitis mice. CONCLUSION: Cur could effectively alleviate DSS-induced colitis in mice by regulating memory B cells and the Bcl-6-Syk-BLNK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Colite , Curcumina , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Camundongos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Células B de Memória , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
12.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6819, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357386

RESUMO

Harvesting energy from spontaneous water flow within artificial nanochannels is a promising route to meet sustainable power requirements of the fast-growing human society. However, large-scale nanochannel integration and the multi-parameter coupling restrictive influence on electric generation are still big challenges for macroscale applications. In this regard, long-range (1 to 20 cm) ordered graphene oxide assembled framework with integrated 2D nanochannels have been fabricated by a rotational freeze-casting method. The structure can promote spontaneous absorption and directional transmission of water inside the channels to generate considerable electric energy. A transfer learning strategy is implemented to address the complicated multi-parameters coupling problem under limited experimental data, which provides highly accurate performance optimization and efficiently guides the design of 2D water flow enabled generators. A generator unit can produce ~2.9 V voltage or ~16.8 µA current in a controllable manner. High electric output of ~12 V or ~83 µA is realized by connecting several devices in series or parallel. Different water enabled electricity generation systems have been developed to directly power commercial electronics like LED arrays and display screens, demonstrating the material's potential for development of water enabled clean energy.

13.
Small ; : e2205667, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373682

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) have drawn the attention of numerous researchers owing to their high safety and cost-effectiveness. However, the dendrite growth and side reactions of the zinc (Zn) anodes limit their further practical applications. Herein, a porous amorphous silicon nitride protective layer with high zincophobicity is constructed on the Zn anode surface, which can guide the uniform stripping/plating of Zn2+ underneath the protective layer through its isotropic Zn affinity to alleviate the growth of dendrites and by-products. As a result, the amorphous silicon nitride-protected Zn anode can maintain a stable Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 98.8% and low voltage hysteresis for 710 cycles in the half cell. The full cell with the as-prepared Zn anode can deliver excellent electrochemical performances (89.0% capacity retention and 144.4 mAh g-1 discharge capacity after 1000 cycles at 4 A g-1 ). This work reveals the key role of uniform metal affinity induced by the amorphous materials in the interface modification of metal anodes, which is instructive for the design of stable metal anodes.

14.
Environ Res ; : 114817, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395860

RESUMO

Accurate identification of the early stages of coal-fire combustion is important for effectively controlling the spread of coal fires. CO2 and CO, as characteristic gases in the early stage of coal fire combustion, can be effectively monitored by in-situ monitoring near the surface. However, in the previous in-situ monitoring methods, the influence of surface meteorological and soil factors on the release law of characteristic gases is often ignored. Therefore, this paper considers the complexity of the geological conditions in the coal fire area, a system, and equipment for obtaining the near-surface CO2 and CO variation laws in the early stage of coal fire combustion proposed by the concentration gradient method (CGM). The system and equipment realize the simultaneous online coupling of multi-area and multi-parameter data and conduct field investigations on the Wuda coal fire area. The results show that in the early stage of coal combustion, the change patterns of CO2 and CO concentrations in different regions are anomalous, and the CO2 concentration was higher than the CO concentration. The CO2 and CO concentrations in shallow soil increased with the increase of soil depth, and compared with other areas, the CO2 and CO concentration was the highest. The shallow soil and CO2 were identified as the key areas and characteristic gases for identifying the early stage of coal-fire combustion. The CO2 flux (CF) of different shallow soil depths decreased with increased soil layer depth. Variation of soil-surface CO2 flux (S-SCF) estimated by flux extrapolation method (FLEM). The change of S-SCF is controlled by meteorological and soil factors, and there is a certain connection between it and the "respiration phenomenon" in the fissure area. Thus, this study provides a theoretical basis for effectively identifying the early stages of coal-fire combustion.

15.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205077, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398622

RESUMO

Electro-organic synthesis has attracted a lot of attention in pharmaceutical science, medicinal chemistry, and future industrial applications in energy storage and conversion. To date, there has not been a detailed review on electro-organic synthesis with the strategy of heterogeneous catalysis. In this review, the most recent advances in synthesizing value-added chemicals by heterogeneous catalysis are summarized. An overview of electrocatalytic oxidation and reduction processes as well as paired electrocatalysis is provided, and the anodic oxidation of alcohols (monohydric and polyhydric), aldehydes, and amines are discussed. This review also provides in-depth insight into the cathodic reduction of carboxylates, carbon dioxide, CC, C≡C, and reductive coupling reactions. Moreover, the electrocatalytic paired electro-synthesis methods, including parallel paired, sequential divergent paired, and convergent paired electrolysis, are summarized. Additionally, the strategies developed to achieve high electrosynthesis efficiency and the associated challenges are also addressed. It is believed that electro-organic synthesis is a promising direction of organic electrochemistry, offering numerous opportunities to develop new organic reaction methods.

16.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: PET/CT is a first-line tool for the diagnosis of lung cancer. The accuracy of quantification may suffer from various factors throughout the acquisition process. The dynamic PET parametric Ki provides better quantification and improve specificity for cancer detection. However, parametric imaging is difficult to implement clinically due to the long acquisition time (~ 1 h). We propose a dynamic parametric imaging method based on conventional static PET using deep learning. METHODS: Based on the imaging data of 203 participants, an improved cycle generative adversarial network incorporated with squeeze-and-excitation attention block was introduced to learn the potential mapping relationship between static PET and Ki parametric images. The image quality of the synthesized images was qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated by using several physical and clinical metrics. Statistical analysis of correlation and consistency was also performed on the synthetic images. RESULTS: Compared with those of other networks, the images synthesized by our proposed network exhibited superior performance in both qualitative and quantitative evaluation, statistical analysis, and clinical scoring. Our synthesized Ki images had significant correlation (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.93), consistency, and excellent quantitative evaluation results with the Ki images obtained in standard dynamic PET practice. CONCLUSIONS: Our proposed deep learning method can be used to synthesize highly correlated and consistent dynamic parametric images obtained from static lung PET. KEY POINTS: • Compared with conventional static PET, dynamic PET parametric Ki imaging has been shown to provide better quantification and improved specificity for cancer detection. • The purpose of this work was to develop a dynamic parametric imaging method based on static PET images using deep learning. • Our proposed network can synthesize highly correlated and consistent dynamic parametric images, providing an additional quantitative diagnostic reference for clinicians.

17.
Front Psychol ; 13: 903535, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389504

RESUMO

Background: Depression and alcohol dependence (AD) are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders that commonly co-occur. Therefore, gaining a better grasp of factors related to this comorbidity is particularly interesting for clinicians. Past research has highlighted the significant role that time perspective and family history of alcohol dependence (FH) play in the occurrence of depression and AD. However, much remains unexplored in the understanding of the association between them. This study explored how temporal profile and other sociodemographic characteristics of patients diagnosed with AD impact the severity of depression and AD in them. Methods: This study was multi-centered, including 381 patients. Cross-sectional information was collected from both inpatient and outpatient psychiatric clinics in China. Data were acquired using validated self-report scales, including Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, and Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory-Chinese version. Multiple linear regression analyzes were conducted to control social demographic variables and construct prediction models to inspect the influence factors of variables. Moderation models were constructed to inspect further interplay between variables using hierarchical regression and PROCESS Macro. Results: Results showed that of all the patients in Chinese psychiatry clinics diagnosed with AD according to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 59.9% met the criteria of depression according to the questionnaire, and time perspective was correlated with the severity of depression. Furthermore, using regression analysis, we found that time perspective and depression could predict AD severity. The moderating role of a past negative time perspective and FH was confirmed between depression and AD. We found that, in our study, only in patients with FH and relatively moderate to high scores of past negative time perspective could the severity of depression predict the severity of AD. Therefore, during the treatment and care of patients with AD, their depression level, time perspective score, and FH should be considered.

18.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7120, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402756

RESUMO

With declining SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody titers and increasing numbers of spike mutations, the ongoing emergence of Omicron subvariants causes serious challenges to current vaccination strategies. BA.2 breakthrough infections have occurred in people who have received the wild-type vaccines, including mRNA, inactivated, or recombinant protein vaccines. Here, we evaluate the antibody evasion of recently emerged subvariants BA.4/5 and BA.2.75 in two inactivated vaccine-immunized cohorts with BA.2 breakthrough infections. Compared with the neutralizing antibody titers against BA.2, marked reductions are observed against BA.2.75 in both 2-dose and 3-dose vaccine groups. In addition, although BA.2 breakthrough infections induce a certain cross-neutralization capacity against later Omicron subvariants, the original antigenic sin phenomenon largely limits the improvement of variant-specific antibody response. These findings suggest that BA.2 breakthrough infections seem unable to provide sufficient antibody protection against later subvariants such as BA.2.75 in the current immunization background with wild-type vaccines.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Humanos , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados , Anticorpos Antivirais
19.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 443, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several recent observational studies have reported that gut microbiota composition is associated with preeclampsia. However, the causal effect of gut microbiota on preeclampsia-eclampsia is unknown. METHODS: A two-sample Mendelian randomization study was performed using the summary statistics of gut microbiota from the largest available genome-wide association study meta-analysis (n=13,266) conducted by the MiBioGen consortium. The summary statistics of preeclampsia-eclampsia were obtained from the FinnGen consortium R7 release data (5731 cases and 160,670 controls). Inverse variance weighted, maximum likelihood, MR-Egger, weighted median, weighted model, MR-PRESSO, and cML-MA were used to examine the causal association between gut microbiota and preeclampsia-eclampsia. Reverse Mendelian randomization analysis was performed on the bacteria that were found to be causally associated with preeclampsia-eclampsia in forward Mendelian randomization analysis. Cochran's Q statistics were used to quantify the heterogeneity of instrumental variables. RESULTS: Inverse variance weighted estimates suggested that Bifidobacterium had a protective effect on preeclampsia-eclampsia (odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.64-0.89, P = 8.03 × 10-4). In addition, Collinsella (odds ratio = 0.77, 95% confidence interval: 0.60-0.98, P = 0.03), Enterorhabdus (odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.62-0.93, P = 8.76 × 10-3), Eubacterium (ventriosum group) (odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval: 0.63-0.91, P = 2.43 × 10-3), Lachnospiraceae (NK4A136 group) (odds ratio = 0.77, 95% confidence interval: 0.65-0.92, P = 3.77 × 10-3), and Tyzzerella 3 (odds ratio = 0.85, 95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.97, P = 0.01) presented a suggestive association with preeclampsia-eclampsia. According to the results of reverse MR analysis, no significant causal effect of preeclampsia-eclampsia was found on gut microbiota. No significant heterogeneity of instrumental variables or horizontal pleiotropy was found. CONCLUSIONS: This two-sample Mendelian randomization study found that Bifidobacterium was causally associated with preeclampsia-eclampsia. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to clarify the protective effect of probiotics on preeclampsia-eclampsia and their specific protective mechanisms.


Assuntos
Eclampsia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética
20.
Nano Lett ; 22(22): 9084-9091, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342419

RESUMO

Tribovoltaic direct-current (DC) nanogenerator made of dynamic semiconductor heterojunction is emerging as a promising mechanical energy harvesting technology. However, fundamental understanding of the mechano-electronic carrier excitation and transport at dynamic semiconductor interfaces remains to be investigated. Here, we demonstrated for the first time, that tribovoltaic DC effect can be tuned with metal-insulator transition (MIT). In a representative MIT material (vanadium dioxide, VO2), we found that the short-circuit current (ISC) can be enhanced by >20 times when the material is transformed from insulating to metallic state upon static or dynamic heating, while the open-circuit voltage (VOC) turns out to be unaffected. Such phenomenon may be understood by the Hubbard model for Mott insulator: orders' magnitude increase in conductivity is induced when the nearest hopping changes dramatically and overcomes the Coulomb repulsion, while the Coulomb repulsion giving rise to the quasi-particle excitation energy remains relatively stable.

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