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1.
J Mol Graph Model ; 101: 107761, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011557

RESUMO

Oxygen usually forms two single bonds with other atoms. In contrast, here we reported the neutral molecules with the planar O(C)4-type tetracoordinate oxygen substructures. The molecules with planar tetracoordinate oxygen, as desirable targets for studying the nonclassical structures and unusual bonding features, remain an important challenge in only carbon-based groups as ligands. In this work, several neutral molecules with planar tetracoordinate oxygen atom surrounded by four carbon-based groups in the pagodane-like derivatives, have been designed out by using the "charge-compensation" and "mechanical" strategies, and studied at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,3pd) level of theory. The computational results show that they are all minima on the potential energy surfaces without any imaginary vibrational frequency, and unlike ptC delocalization of the oxygen 2pz lone pair in ptO(C)4 is no longer the principal reason for stabilizing a ptO substructure.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047467

RESUMO

It is extremely challenged to grow single crystal halide perovskite films (SCHPFs) with not only desired transport properties but also large lateral size with much thinner thickness. Here, we report the growth of freestanding single crystal CsPbBr 3 SCHPFs with thickness less than 100 nm and a lateral size close to centimeter for the first time. A new model for growth kinetics (Ψ= Aexp[-(E A -E s )/(k B T)]) is proposed to address the surface energy and temperature effect on the growth rate of ultrathin CsPbBr 3 single-crystal film. The experimental results and DFT calculations both demonstrated that the surfactant plays a critical role in modifying the surface energy and achieving anisotropic growth. This work opens new opportunities for high-quality SCHPFs with large lateral size and controllable thickness that may find wide applications for optoelectronic devices.

3.
J Physiol Anthropol ; 39(1): 32, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lung is an important target organ for hypoxia treatment, and hypoxia can induce several diseases in the body. METHODS: We performed transcriptome sequencing for the lungs of rats exposed to plateau hypoxia at 0 day and 28 days. Sequencing libraries were constructed, and enrichment analysis of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was implemented using the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Subsequently, experimental validation was executed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. RESULTS: The results showed that the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) signaling pathway that was involved in immunity may play a crucial function in lung injury caused by plateau hypoxia. And the expressions of NOD1, NOD2, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-18 were higher at 28 days of exposure to plateau hypoxia than that at 0 day. Similarly, CARD9, MYD88, p38 MAPK, and NF-κB p65, which are related to the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways, also demonstrated increased expression at 28 days exposure to plateau hypoxia than at 0 day. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that the NF-κBp65 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways may be activated in the lungs of rats during plateau hypoxia. Upregulated expression of NF-κBp65 and p38 MAPK can promote the transcription of downstream inflammatory factors, thereby aggravating the occurrence and development of lung tissue remodeling.

4.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(5): 843-850, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031064

RESUMO

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of trace organics in the condensate and its correlation with chemical oxygen demand (COD) is the key to the research on the reuse technology of condensate (condensate) from natural gas to hydrogen production process. The contents of anions, COD, total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) were measured by ion chromatography and the TOC analyzer. Trace organics in the condensate and its correlation with COD was investigated in this paper. Results show that the contents of COD and TOC is 74.1 and 17.81 mg/L, respectively, and the anions in the condensate are mainly Cl-, I-, and SO42-, etc. The condensate mainly contains small molecule organics including methanol, ethanol and formic acid with the content of 41.4, 2.1 and 3.2 mg/L, respectively. The spiked recovery of methanol, ethanol and formic acid is 96.1%, 100.2% and 103.9% by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC), respectively. Methanol is the main source of COD in the condensate, and the contribution rate reaches up to 83.8%. The removal of trace methanol can significantly reduce the COD of the condensate. This work might provide basic data for reasonable recovery and utilization of condensate in the hydrogen production process.


Assuntos
Gás Natural , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Hidrogênio , Nitrogênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052650

RESUMO

Silicon (Si) has been considered as the most potential anode material for next-generation high-energy density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) because of its extremely high theoretical capacity. However, the performance deterioration caused by volume change and low electrical conductivity of active Si particles greatly limit its commercial use. Here, we designed a nonstoichiometric TiOx-coated Si anode with a litchi-like structure, in which Si-Ti and Si-O dual bonds are expected to form between the Si core and TiOx shell. This unique structure plays a major role in preventing the volume expansion and improving the electrical conductivity of the Si anode. The as-prepared TiOx-coated Si anode could exhibit excellent cycling stability after 1000 cycles at 1000 mA g-1 with a relatively small capacity decay rate of ∼0.04% per cycle, which can be comparable to most of the modified Si anodes in references. This strategy of surface regulating on the Si anode could be extended to other electrodes with large volume expansion during cycling in LIBs for achieving competitive electrochemical properties.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22547, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: chronic low back pain (CLBP) are common symptoms bothering people in daily life. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) nonpharmacological interventions are gaining an increasing popularity for CLBP. Nevertheless, the evidence of efficacy and safety of random controlled trials (RCTs) remains controversial. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of different TCM nonpharmacological therapies by systematic review and network meta-analysis. METHODS: According to the strategy, The authors will retrieve a total of 7 electronic databases by September 2020, including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine, Chongqing VIP, and Wan-fang databases After a series of screening, 2 researchers will use Aggregate Data Drug Information System and Stata software to analyze the data extracted from the randomized controlled trials of TCM nonpharmacological interventions for CLBP. The primary outcome will be the improvement of Pain intensity and functional status/disability and the secondary outcomes will include lobal improvement, health-related quality of life, satisfaction with treatment, and adverse events. Both classical meta-analysis and network meta-analysis will be implemented to investigate direct and indirect evidences on this topic. The quality of the evidence will be evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation instrument. RESULTS: This study will provide a reliable evidence for the selection of TCM nonpharmacological therapies in the treatment of CLBP. CONCLUSION: This study will generate evidence for different TCM nonpharmacological therapies for CLBP and provide a decision-making reference for clinical research. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval. The results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/4H3Y9.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise em Rede , Acupressão/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ventosaterapia/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/tendências , Moxibustão/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Tai Ji/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 362-370, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010580

RESUMO

Li metal as a battery anode has been intensively studied because of its high gravimetric capacity (3860 mAh g-1), a low standard electrode potential (-3.04 vs. SHE), a reasonable electronic conductivity and low density. However, lithium metal suffers from a continuous Li dendrite growth upon charge-discharge cycling, delivering a poor coulombic efficiency and consequently its early failure. Here, engineered bilayer separators demonstrate that a boron nitride-graphene (BNxGry) layer coated on one side of polypropylene (PP) membrane remarkably reduces the polarization and impedance, and significantly improve the performance and stability of Li/Cu half-cells. Moreover, Li/LiFePO4 full cell with the modified BN50Gr50/PP separator presents a remarkably stable 1000 charge-discharge cycles with a specific capacity of 114 mAh g-1 at 1C-rate. The superiority of the modified separator is orginated from an effective synergistic effect between physico-chemical properties of Gr (reducing local current density) and BN (dissipating local heat) and its enhanced structural and mechanical stability.

8.
J Gene Med ; : e3272, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dysferlin gene or the DYSF gene encodes the Ca2+ -dependent phospholipid-binding protein dysferlin, which belongs to the ferlin family and is associated with muscle membrane regeneration and repair. Variants in the DYSF gene are responsible for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B), also called limb-girdle muscular dystrophy recessive 2 (LGMDR2), a rare subtype of muscular dystrophy involving progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. The present study aimed to identify the variants responsible for the clinical symptoms of a Chinese patient with limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) and to explore the genotype-phenotype associations of LGMD2B. METHODS: A series of clinical examinations, including blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging scans for the lower legs, electromyography and muscle biopsy, was performed on the proband diagnosed with muscular dystrophies. Whole exome sequencing was conducted to detect the causative variants, followed by Sanger sequencing to validate these variants. RESULTS: We identified two compound heterozygous variants in the DYSF gene, c.1058 T>C, p.(Leu353Pro) in exon 12 and c.1461C>A/p.Cys487* in exon 16 in this proband, which were inherited from the father and mother, respectively. In silico analysis for these variants revealed deleterious results by PolyPhen-2 (Polymorphism Phenotyping v2; http://genetics.bwh.harvard.edu/pph2), SIFT (Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant; https://sift.bii.a-star.edu.sg), PROVEAN (Protein Variation Effect Analyzer; http://provean.jcvi.org/seq_submit.php) and MutationTaster (http://www.mutationtaster.org). In addition, the two compound heterozygous variants in the proband were absent in 100 control individuals who had an identical ethnic origin and were from the same region, suggesting that these variants may be the pathogenic variants responsible for the LGMD2B phenotypes for this proband. CONCLUSIONS: The present study broadens our understanding of the mutational spectrum of the DYSF gene, which provides a deep insight into the pathogenesis of LGMDs and accelerates the development of a prenatal diagnosis.

9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 691, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957922

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The incidence of angiostrongyliasis is increasing in recent decades due to the expanding endemic areas all over the world. Clinicians face tremendous challenge of diagnosing angiostrongyliasis because of the lack of awareness of the disease and less effective definitive laboratory tests. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old man initially manifested skin itching, emesis, myalgia and quadriparesis. With progressive weakness of four limbs and elevated protein in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), he was diagnosed as Guillain-Barré syndrome and treated with intravenous methylprednisolone and immunoglobulin. However, the patient deteriorated with hyperpyrexia, headache and then persistent coma. The routine tests for Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis) with both the CSF and the serum were all negative. In contrast, the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) was applied with the serum sample and the CSF sample in the middle phase. The central nervous system (CNS) angiostrongyliasis was diagnosed by mNGS with the mid-phase CSF, but not the mid-phase serum. At the same time, the CSF analysis revealed eosinophils ratio up to 67%. The discovery of A. cantonensis was confirmed by PCR with CSF later. Unfortunately, the patient died of severe angiostrongyliasis. During his hospitalization, mNGS was carried out repeatedly after definitive diagnosis and targeted treatment. The DNA strictly map reads number of A. cantonensis detected by mNGS was positively correlated with the CSF opening pressure and clinical manifestations. CONCLUSIONS: The case of A. cantonensis infection highlights the benefit of mNGS as a target-free identification in disclosing the rare CNS angiostrongyliasis in the unusual season, while solid evidence from routine clinical testing was absent. The appropriate sample of mNGS should be chosen according to the life cycle of A. cantonensis. Besides, given the fact that the DNA reads number of A. cantonensis fluctuated with CSF opening pressure and clinical manifestations, whether mNGS could be applied as a marker of effectiveness of treatment is worth further exploration.

10.
Gigascience ; 9(9)2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plants exhibit wide chemical diversity due to the production of specialized metabolites that function as pollinator attractants, defensive compounds, and signaling molecules. Lamiaceae (mints) are known for their chemodiversity and have been cultivated for use as culinary herbs, as well as sources of insect repellents, health-promoting compounds, and fragrance. FINDINGS: We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. Using long-read sequencing and Hi-C scaffolding, we generated a 506.1-Mb assembly spanning 17 pseudomolecules with N50 contig and N50 scaffold sizes of 7.5 and 29.0 Mb, respectively. In all, 32,164 genes were annotated, including 53 candidate terpene synthases and 47 putative clusters of specialized metabolite biosynthetic pathways. Our analyses revealed 3 putative whole-genome duplication events, which, together with local tandem duplications, contributed to gene family expansion of terpene synthases. Kolavenyl diphosphate is a gateway to many of the bioactive terpenoids in C. americana; experimental validation confirmed that CamTPS2 encodes kolavenyl diphosphate synthase. Syntenic analyses with Tectona grandis L. f. (teak), a member of the Tectonoideae clade of Lamiaceae known for exceptionally strong wood resistant to insects, revealed 963 collinear blocks and 21,297 C. americana syntelogs. CONCLUSIONS: Access to the C. americana genome provides a road map for rapid discovery of genes encoding plant-derived agrichemicals and a key resource for understanding the evolution of chemical diversity in Lamiaceae.

11.
Small ; : e2003106, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875718

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries with low cost and inherent safety are considered to be the next-generation energy storage device. However, they suffer from poor cycling stability and low coulombic efficiency caused by the serious zinc dendrites during the cycling. In this work, a porous water-based filter membrane is first proposed as separator due to its good toughness and uniform pore distribution. The results demonstrate that the symmetrical cell using a filter membrane can cycle over 2600 h with a low voltage hysteresis of 47 mV. Moreover, an aqueous Zn//NaV3 O8 ·1.5H2 O cell based on the filter membrane is constructed, which demonstrates a high capacity retention of 83.8% after 5000 cycles at 5 A g-1 . The mechanism research results reveal that the excellent dendrites inhibiting the ability of the filter membrane should be attributed to its uniform pore distribution rather than its composition. This work proposes a filter membrane separator and reveals the great influence of separator on the zinc stripping/plating process, which will shed light on the development of high-performance aqueous zinc-ion batteries.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 741: 140488, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887004

RESUMO

Nitrogen fertilization significantly increases greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission, when applied from inorganic or organic sources. Minimizing GHGs from agroecosystems without compromising crop yield for stabilization of green production systems remains a challenge. Being an integral component of wheat production technology, the nitrogen (N) application deems to be indispensable. Thus, to reduce the application of N fertilizer and keep in view the minimization of GHGs emission, without compromising soil fertility and wheat production, field experiments were performed with treatments included maize straw mulch (S1: 0, S2: 4500, S3: 9000 kg ha-1) and nitrogen fertilizer (N1: 0, N2: 192 and N3: 240 kg ha-1) during 2015-17. Results showed that the cumulative CO2 and N2O emission from 9000 kg ha-1 of maize straw mulch with 192 kg N ha-1 (S3N2) significantly decreased by 0.67% and 33.7%, respectively, averaged over two years compared with that of 9000 kg ha-1 of maize straw mulch with 240 kg N ha-1 (S3N3). Likewise, the average soil moisture content significantly increased by 10% and 10.6% for S3N2 and S3N3 treatments at 0-10 cm soil depth, respectively, compared to S1N1. Similarly, the S3N2 and S3N3 treatments had lowered the soil temperature by 0.2 and 0.1 °C, respectively, over S1N1 in wheat grown fields. The grain yield of wheat was increased by 45% and 45% under S3N3 and S3N2 treatments than S1N1, respectively. The S3N2 treatment was more economical than S3N3 for wheat crop. Therefore, maize straw mulch (S3) combined with 20% less N fertilizer (N2) from commercial source were considered as a viable production technology to improve crop yield, and reduce soil CO2 and N2O emissions.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes/análise , Triticum , Agricultura , Dióxido de Carbono , China , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Solo , Zea mays
14.
Electrochem commun ; : 106833, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963489

RESUMO

Antimicrobial surfaces are ones that incapacitate or kill pathogens landing on them, which could allow for self-sanitising surfaces for hospitals or implants, ensuring healthier stays and procedures. Cuprous compounds such as Cu2O are especially effective at incapacitating both viruses and bacteria, and nanorod arrays have been shown to prevent the adhesion of pathogens and mechanically deform bacteria to the point that their cell walls rupture. A Cu2O nanorod array should therefore allow for the exploitation of these effects. In the present work, an electrochemical method is introduced, where Cu2O nanorods formed in a substrate-supported anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) template are held at a stable electrochemical potential throughout the removal of the AAO template. This avoids the partial reduction of the nanorods from Cu2O to Cu that was observed during chemical removal of the template, which was attributed to the presence of residual aluminium from the template fabrication process that reacts with the etchant and lowers the electrochemical potential of the nanorods to a value that favours reduction. Using the electrochemical removal method, the reliable production of phase-pure, free-standing, crystalline Cu2O nanorod arrays on ITO/glass substrates is demonstrated. This simple method is compatible with nanorod arrays of any size.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960570

RESUMO

Engineering plasmonic nanostructures from three dimensions (3D) is very attractive toward controllable and tunable nanophotonic components and devices. Herein, Au-based trilayer heterostructures composed of a dielectric spacer sandwiched by hybrid Au-TiN vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) nanoplasmonic claddings are demonstrated with a broad range of geometries and property tuning. Two types of spacer layers, that is, a pure dielectric BaTiO3 layer and a hybrid plasmonic Au-BaTiO3 VAN layer, contribute to the tuning of the Au nanorod dimension. Such geometrical variations of Au nanostructures originate from the surface energy and lattice strain tuned by the spacer layers. Optical measurements and numerical simulations suggest the change of the localized surface plasmon resonance which is strongly affected by the tailored Au nanorods as either separated or channeled. The uniaxial dielectric tensors suggest a tunable hyperbolic property affected by such a metal-insulator-metal trilayer stack. The complex 3D heterostructures offer additional tuning parameters and design flexibilities in hybrid plasmonic metamaterials toward potential applications in light harvesting, sensing, and nanophotonic devices.

16.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 295(6): 1537-1546, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888056

RESUMO

Understanding how SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) efficiently reproduces itself by taking resources from the human host could facilitate the development of drugs against the virus. SARS-CoV-2 translates its own proteins by using the host tRNAs, so that its GC or codon usage should fit that of the host cells. It is necessary to study both the virus and human genomes in the light of evolution and adaptation. The SARS-CoV-2 virus has significantly lower GC content and GC3 as compared to human. However, when we selected a set of human genes that have similar GC properties to SARS-CoV-2, we found that these genes were enriched in particular pathways. Moreover, these human genes have the codon composition perfectly correlated with the SARS-CoV-2, and were extraordinarily highly expressed in human lung tissues, demonstrating that the SARS-CoV-2 genes have similar GC usage as compared to the lung expressed human genes. RSCU (relative synonymous codon usage) and CAI (codon adaptation index) profiles further support the matching between SARS-CoV-2 and lungs. Our study indicates that SARS-CoV-2 might have adapted to the human lung environment by observing the high correlation between GC usage of SARS-CoV-2 and human lung genes, which suggests the GC content of SARS-CoV-2 is optimized to take advantage of human lung tissues.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Uso do Códon , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pulmão/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Composição de Bases , Genoma Humano , Genoma Viral , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Humanos , Pandemias , RNA-Seq
17.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2020: 7562140, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908581

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common malignant tumor of the nasopharynx. The delicate nature of the nasopharyngeal structures means that noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred diagnostic technique for NPC. However, NPC is a typically infiltrative tumor, usually with a small volume, and thus, it remains challenging to discriminate it from tightly connected surrounding tissues. To address this issue, this study proposes a voxel-wise discriminate method for locating and segmenting NPC from normal tissues in MRI sequences. The located NPC is refined to obtain its accurate segmentation results by an original multiviewed collaborative dictionary classification (CODL) model. The proposed CODL reconstructs a latent intact space and equips it with discriminative power for the collective multiview analysis task. Experiments on synthetic data demonstrate that CODL is capable of finding a discriminative space for multiview orthogonal data. We then evaluated the method on real NPC. Experimental results show that CODL could accurately discriminate and localize NPCs of different volumes. This method achieved superior performances in segmenting NPC compared with benchmark methods. Robust segmentation results show that CODL can effectively assist clinicians in locating NPC.

18.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938344

RESUMO

Neurological diseases bring great mental and physical torture to the patients, and have long-term and sustained negative effects on families and society. The attention to neurological diseases is increasing, and the improvement of the material level is accompanied by an increase in the demand for mental level. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) is a low-affinity neurotrophin receptor and involved in diverse and pleiotropic effects in the developmental and adult central nervous system (CNS). Since neurological diseases are usually accompanied by the regression of memory, the pathogenesis of p75NTR also activates and inhibits other signaling pathways, which has a serious impact on the learning and memory of patients. The results of studies shown that p75NTR is associated with LTP/LTD-induced synaptic enhancement and inhibition, suggest that p75NTR may be involved in the progression of synaptic plasticity. And its pro-apoptotic effect is associated with activation of proBDNF and inhibition of proNGF, and TrkA/p75NTR imbalance leads to pro-survival or pro-apoptotic phenomena. It can be inferred that p75NTR mediates apoptosis in the hippocampus and amygdale, which may affect learning and memory behavior. This article mainly discusses the relationship between p75NTR and learning memory and associated mechanisms, which may provide some new ideas for the treatment of neurological diseases.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21995, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is an important complication of stroke, resulting in increased disability and mortality, which is a great threat to stroke survivors and public health. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies is widely used in the treatment of PSD, However, the selection strategies of different CAM approaches in clinical practice is still not clear, and the purpose of this protocol is to compare the efficacy and acceptability of different CAM therapies using systematic review and network meta-analysis. METHODS: According to the strategy, the authors will retrieve a total of seven electronic databases by August 2020, including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biological Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journals Database, and Wan-fang databases. The network meta-analysis will be performed using Aggregate Data Drug Information System 1.16.8 and Stata 13.0 software. In addition, the Cochrane Collaboration's tool is employed for the methodological quality, and the quality of evidence will be evaluated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. RESULTS: This study will provide a reliable evidence for the selection strategy of CAM therapies for PSD. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will provide references for evaluating the effects of different CAM therapies on PSD, and provide decision-making references for clinical practitioners, patients, and health policy makers. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval. the results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/TNGH6.


Assuntos
Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Terapia Combinada , Terapias Complementares , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
20.
Tissue Cell ; 67: 101440, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971457

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA predicting cardiac remodeling (lnc LIPCAR) was implicated in several human diseases, while its role in atrial fibrillation (AF) remained poorly understood. Our study aimed to discover the role of LICPAR played in AF. Samples of atrial muscle tissues from patients diagnosed with sinus rhythm (SR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) were collected, and human atrial fibroblasts were isolated and identified under immunofluorescence staining. After Angiotensin II (Ang II, as a activator of TGF-ß) stimulation with LICPAR overexpression or knockdown, the viability and proliferation of atrial fibroblasts were respectively determined using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and clone formation assay. Relative expressions of LICPAR, fibrosis- and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß)/Smad2/3-pathway related proteins were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot as needed. LICPAR and TGF-ß1 were upregulated and were positively correlated in atrial muscle tissues from AF. Atrial fibroblasts were identified as Vimentin positive. Further analysis indicated that Ang II enhanced the levels of LIPCAR, Smad2/3 phosphorylation and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Also, upregulating LIPCAR further promoted the promotive effects of Ang II on levels of LIPCAR, Collagen I, Collagen II, α-SMA and Smad2/3 phosphorylation, cell viability and proliferation of atrial fibroblasts, whereas silencing LIPCAR resulted in opposite effects. LICPAR regulates atrial fibrosis via modulating TGF-ß/Smad pathway, which provided a potential therapeutic method for AF in clinical practice in the future.

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