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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 671: 702-711, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823111

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) have received considerable potential for their affordability and high reliability. Among potential cathodes, α-MoO3 stands out due to its layered structure aligned with the (010) plane, offering extensive ionic insertion channels for enhanced charge storage. However, its limited electrochemical activity and poor Zn2+ transport kinetics present significant challenges for its deployment in energy storage devices. To overcome these limitations, we introduce a new strategy by doping α-MoO3 with Ni (Ni-MoO3), tuning the electron spin states of Mo. Thus modification can activate the reactivity of Ni-MoO3 towards Zn2+ storage and weaken the interaction between Ni-MoO3 and intercalated Zn2+, thereby accelerating the Zn2+ transport and storage. Consequently, the electrochemical properties of Ni-MoO3 significantly surpass those of pure MoO3, demonstrating a specific capacity of 258 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 and outstanding rate performance (120 mAh g-1 at 10 A g-1). After 1000 cycles at 8 A g-1, it retains 76 % of the initial capacity, with an energy density of 154.4 Wh kg-1 and a power density of 11.2 kW kg-1. This work proves that the modulation of electron spin states in cathode materials via metal ion doping can effectively boost their capacity and cycling durability.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855819

RESUMO

An iron-catalyzed ligand free conjugate reduction of α,ß-unsaturated ketones with PMHS (polymethylhydrosiloxane) was reported to deliver the corresponding carbonyl compounds with up to 93% yield. This operationally simple protocol shows a broad substrate scope using readily available PMHS as a cost-effective and easy-to-handle reductive reagent.

3.
Int J Gen Med ; 17: 2643-2653, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859910

RESUMO

Purpose: Few studies have reported the integrated characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after long-term antiviral therapy. This study aimed to investigate the HBV integration features in HBV-HCC patients who had undergone long-term antiviral therapy, evaluate their impact on clinical indicators, and analyze the potential mechanisms involved. Patients and Methods: We utilized genome-wide association study (GWAS) to analyze liver cancer tissues and detect the presence of HBV integration. Seventeen patients with HBV integration were included in the integration (Int) group, while the remaining five patients were included in the non-integration (N-int) group. Clinical indicators were regularly monitored and compared between the two groups. The characteristics of HBV integration patterns were analyzed, and differences between the groups were explored at the chromosome and genomic levels. Results: After long-term antiviral therapy, although the frequency of HBV integration in HBV-HCC was reduced, residual HBV integration still accelerated the development of HCC. It affected the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of patients. HBV integration events led to changes in chromosome structure, which were closely related to HCC. Novel fusion genes were detected at a high frequency and had the potential to be specific detection sites for HBV-HCC. Conclusion: HBV integration events are synergistically involved in the human genome and HBV, which can lead to chromosome structural instability, gene rearrangement events closely related to HCC production, and the formation of new specific fusion genes.

4.
Neurosurg Rev ; 47(1): 253, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study intends to clarify the optimal endoscopic endonasal surgical strategy for symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with RCCs that underwent EEA surgery. The strategy for surgical and reconstruction method selection was presented. Patients were split into groups of fenestration open or closed. Pre- and postoperative symptoms, imaging, ophthalmologic, and endocrinologic exams were reviewed. The incidence of complications and the recurrence rates were determined. RESULTS: The 75 individuals were all received primary operations. The fenestration closed group contained 32 cases, while the fenestration open group contained 43 cases. The median follow-up period was 39 months. The three primary complaints were headache (n = 51, 68.00%), vision impairment (n = 45, 60.00%), and pituitary dysfunction (n = 16, 21.33%). Of the 51 patients with preoperative headaches, 48 (94.12%) reported improvement in their symptoms following surgery. Twenty-three out of 45 patients (51.11%) experienced an improvement in visual impairment. Pituitary dysfunction was found improved in 14 out of 16 individuals (87.50%). There was no discernible difference in the rate of symptom alleviation between both groups. There were three patients (3/75, 4.00%) had cyst reaccumulation. One of them (1/75, 1.33%), which needed reoperation, was healed using pterional approach. In term of complications, cerebral infections occurred in two patients (2/75, 2.67%). Both of them recovered after antibiotic treatment. No postoperative cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea occurred. One patient (1/75, 1.33%) in the open group experienced epistaxis. There was no persistent hypopituitarism or diabetes insipidus (DI). Analysis of headache related factors showed that the presence of wax like nodules was related to it. CONCLUSION: RCC was successfully treated with endoscopic endonasal surgery with few problems when the fenestration was kept as open as feasible. Preoperative identification of T2WI hypointense nodules may be a potential reference factor for surgical indication.


Assuntos
Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central , Humanos , Masculino , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos
5.
Opt Express ; 32(9): 15645-15657, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859210

RESUMO

The spectral emission of laser-induced plasma in water has a broadband continuum containing ultraviolet light, which can be used as a novel light source for the degradation of organic compounds. We studied the degradation process of the organic dye Rhodamine B (RhB) using plasma light source excited by the "Laser + Fe" mode. Spectral analysis and reaction kinetics modelling were used to study the degradation mechanism. The degradation process using this light source could be divided into two stages. The initial stage was mainly photocatalytic degradation, where ultraviolet light broke the chemical bond of RhB, and then RhB was degraded by the strong oxidising ability of ·OH. As the iron and hydrogen ion concentrations increased, the synergistic effect of photocatalysis and the Fenton reaction further enhanced the degradation rate in the later stage. The plasma excited by the "Laser + Fe" mode achieved photodegradation by effectively enhancing the ultraviolet wavelength ratio of the emission spectrum and triggered the Fenton reaction to achieve rapid organic matter degradation. Our findings indicate that the participation of the Fenton reaction can increase the degradation rate by approximately 10 times. Besides, the impact of pH on degradation efficiency demonstrates that both acidic and alkaline environments have better degradation effects than neutral conditions; this is because acidic environments can enhance the Fenton reaction, while alkaline environments can provide more ·OH.

6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(23): 34324-34339, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700768

RESUMO

The combination of aerated flows and a high-pressure environment in a stilling basin can result in the supersaturation of total dissolved gas (TDG) downstream of hydraulic projects, posing an ecological risk to aquatic populations by inducing gas bubble disease (GBD) or other negative effects. There is limited literature reporting TDG mass transfer experiments on a complete physical dam model; most existing research is based on measurements in prototype tailwaters. In this study, TDG mass transfer experiments were conducted on a physical model of an under-constructed dam, with TDG-supersaturated water as the inflow, and TDG concentrations were meticulously monitored within the stilling basin. The measurements indicate that the TDG saturation at the outlet of the stilling basin decreased by 13.7% and 10.6% compared to the inlet for the two cases, respectively. Subsequently, an improved TDG prediction model was developed by incorporating a sub-grid air entrainment model and a phase-constrained scalar model. The numerical simulation results were compared with experimental data, indicating a maximum error in TDG saturation at all measured points of less than ± 3%. Moreover, the TDG saturation showed an error of only ± 0.3% at the outlet of the stilling basin. This model has broad applicability to various flow types for obtaining TDG mass transfer results and evaluating mitigation measures of TDG supersaturation to reduce the harmful effects on aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Gases , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
7.
ACS Nano ; 18(20): 12672-12706, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717959

RESUMO

Since their introduction in 2004, high entropy alloys (HEAs) have attracted significant attention due to their exceptional mechanical and functional properties. Advances in our understanding of atomic-scale ordering and phase formation in HEAs have facilitated the development of fabrication techniques for synthesizing nanostructured HEAs. These materials hold immense potential for applications in various fields including automobile industries, aerospace engineering, microelectronics, and clean energy, where they serve as either structural or functional materials. In this comprehensive Review, we conduct an in-depth analysis of the mechanical and functional properties of nanostructured HEAs, with a particular emphasis on the roles of different nanostructures in modulating these properties. To begin, we explore the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence the formation and stability of nanostructures in HEAs. Subsequently, we delve into an examination of the mechanical and electrocatalytic properties exhibited by bulk or three-dimensional (3D) nanostructured HEAs, as well as nanosized HEAs in the form of zero-dimensional (0D) nanoparticles, one-dimensional (1D) nanowires, or two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets. Finally, we present an outlook on the current research landscape, highlighting the challenges and opportunities associated with nanostructure design and the understanding of structure-property relationships in nanostructured HEAs.

8.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1396759, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736888

RESUMO

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is one of the most widely used and thoroughly documented alveolar bone augmentation surgeries. However, implanting GBR membranes inevitably triggers an immune response, which can lead to inflammation and failure of bone augmentation. It has been shown that GBR membranes may significantly improve in vivo outcomes as potent immunomodulators, rather than solely serving as traditional barriers. Macrophages play crucial roles in immune responses and participate in the entire process of bone injury repair. The significant diversity and high plasticity of macrophages complicate our understanding of the immunomodulatory mechanisms underlying GBR. This review provides a comprehensive summary of recent findings on the potential role of macrophages in GBR for bone defects in situ. Specifically, macrophages can promote osteogenesis or fibrous tissue formation in bone defects and degradation or fibrous encapsulation of membranes. Moreover, GBR membranes can influence the recruitment and polarization of macrophages. Therefore, immunomodulating GBR membranes are primarily developed by improving macrophage recruitment and aggregation as well as regulating macrophage polarization. However, certain challenges remain to be addressed in the future. For example, developing more rational and sophisticated sequential delivery systems for macrophage activation reagents; addressing the interference of bone graft materials and dental implants; and understanding the correlations among membrane degradation, macrophage responses, and bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Macrófagos , Humanos , Regeneração Óssea/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Animais , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Osteogênese
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 1): 132276, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734352

RESUMO

The reuse and development of natural waste resources is a hotspots and challenges in the research of new fiber materials and the resolution of environmental concern globally. Herein, this study aimed to develop a simple and direct manual extraction process to extract Musa core fibers (MCFs) for rapid water conduction and evaporation. Through simple processes such as ring cutting and stretching, this green and non-destructive inside-out extraction strategy enabled Musa fibers to be naturally and harmlessly degummed from natural Musa stems, with good maintenance of the fiber structure and highly helical morphology. The extracted fibers are composed of regularly and closely arranged cellulose nanofibrils in the shape of ribbon spirally arranged multi-filaments, and the single filament is about 2.65 µm. The high-purity fibers exhibit ultra-high tensile strength under a non-destructive extraction process, and the ultimate tensile strength in dry state is as high as 742.95 MPa. The tensile strength is affected by the number of fiber bundles, which shows that tensile strength and tensile modulus is higher than those of vascular bundle fibers in dry or wet condition. In addition, the MCFs membrane indicates good water conductivity, with a water absorption height of 50 mm for the sample in only 60 s. Moreover, the water evaporation rate of MCFs reaches 1.37 kg m-2 h-1 in 30 min, which shows that MCFs have excellent water conductivity and evaporation rate compared with ordinary cotton fibers. These results indicate that MCFs have great potential in replacing the use of chemical methods to extract fibers from vascular bundles, providing an effective way to achieve sustainability in quick-drying applications, as well as in the sustainable development of natural waste resources.


Assuntos
Musa , Resistência à Tração , Água , Água/química , Musa/química , Celulose/química , Nanofibras/química
10.
Opt Lett ; 49(9): 2497-2500, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691753

RESUMO

Visible random fiber lasers have garnered significant attention due to their unique emission properties and potential applications in various fields. We first, to the best of our knowledge, demonstrated a compact all-fiber structure, red wavelength, and random fiber laser (RFL) based on a double-clad Pr-doped ZBLAN fiber. The simple half-open cavity consists of a high-reflectivity fiber pigtail mirror and the Pr-doped ZBLAN fiber. The Pr-doped ZBLAN fiber not only served as a gain medium but also offered random backward scattering. We investigated the effects of different lengths on output power and slope efficiency of the RFL. For 21 m Pr-doped fiber, the RFL emitted a maximum output power of 208.50 mW with a slope efficiency of 11.09%. For 15 m Pr-doped fiber, the maximum power decreased to 120.18 mW with the slope efficiency of 7.27%. We are also numerically simulating the output power versus the pump power at different fiber lengths based on power steady-state light propagation equations. This novel RFL has the potential for broad applications in fields such as display technology, spectroscopy, biomedical imaging, and optical sensing due to its unique properties and simple all-fiber structure.

11.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611185

RESUMO

In this study, the photothermal performance of lignin-based nanospheres was investigated. Subsequently, a photothermal actuator was prepared using lignin-based carbon nanospheres (LCNSs). The results demonstrated that LCNSs exhibited an impressive photothermal conversion efficiency of up to 83.8%. This extreme efficiency significantly surpasses that of lignin nanospheres (LNSs) and covalently stabilized LNSs (HT-LNSs). As a structural material, a hydrophobic coating was effectively engineered by LCNSs on the filter paper, achieving a water contact angle of 151.9° ± 4.6°, while maintaining excellent photothermal effects (with a temperature increment from room temperature to 138 °C in 2 s). When employing hydrophobic filter paper as the substrate for the photothermaldriven actuator, under the influence of a 1.0 W/cm2 power-density NIR laser, the material exhibited outstanding photothermal actuation, achieving speeds up to 16.4 mm/s. In addition, the direction of motion of the actuator can be adjusted in accordance with the location of the NIR light irradiation. This study offers valuable perspectives on the application of LNSs for highvalue applications and the development of innovative photothermal-driven actuators.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172366, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concerns remain about the neurotoxic properties of the ubiquitous organophosphate esters (OPEs), the replacement of the toxicant polybrominated diphenyl ethers. OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of prenatal exposure to OPEs and their mixtures with early-life neurodevelopment trajectories. METHODS: Totally 1276 mother-child pairs were recruited from the Shanghai Maternal-Child Pairs Cohort. A high-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer was used to measure the levels of 7 OPEs in cord serum. Ages and Stages Questionnaires was used to examine children's neuropsychological development at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months of age. Group-based trajectory models were applied to derive the neurodevelopmental trajectories. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression model were performed to assess the relationships between OPEs exposure and neurodevelopment and trajectories. Mixtures for widely detected OPEs (n = 4) were investigated using quantile-based g-computation. RESULTS: Tributyl phosphate (TBP), tris (2-butoxy ethyl) phosphate (TBEP), tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP), and 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPP), had detection rates >50 %. TDCPP had the highest median concentration (1.02 µg/L) in cord serum. EHDPP concentrations were negatively associated with scores in most domains at 12 months of age, with effect values (ß) ranging from -1.89 to -0.57. EHDPP could negatively affect the total ASQ (OR = 1.07, 95 % CI: 1, 1.15) and gross-motor (OR = 1.09, 95 % CI: 1.02, 1.17) trajectory in infancy. Joint exposure to OPEs was associated with decreased scores in the total ASQ, gross-motor, fine-motor and problem-solving domain of 12-month-old infants, with ß ranging from -5.93 to -1.25. In addition, the qgcomp models indicated significant positive associations between the concentrations of OPEs mixtures and risks of the persistently low group of the total ASQ, gross-motor and fine-motor development in early childhood. The impact of OPEs was more pronounced in boys. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggested OPEs, especially EHDPP, had a persistently negative effect on neurodevelopment during the first 2 years.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Ésteres , Organofosfatos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Feminino , China , Organofosfatos/toxicidade , Lactente , Gravidez , Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Poluentes Ambientais , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Adulto
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37773, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608074

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the real-world incidence, severity, clinical features, and potential risk factors associated with hypofibrinogenemia induced by hemocoagulase. Based on Chinese Hospital Pharmacovigilance System, a retrospective case-control study was conducted, enrolling hospitalized patients who received hemocoagulase for the treatment or prevention of hemorrhage in Weifang People's Hospital in China from January 2021 to May 2022. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the potential risk factors. Out of 10,397 hospitalized patients who received hemocoagulase, 341 patients showed positive triggers, with 235 patients ultimately conformed as hemocoagulase-associated hypofibrinogenemia. The system positive alarm rate was 68.91%, and the overall incidence of hemocoagulase-induced hypofibrinogenemia was 2.26%, predominantly characterized by mild to moderate severity levels. The incidence varied among the 4 types of hemocoagulase, with the highest incidence observed in hemocoagulase Agkistrodon Halys Pallas at 4.59%. The incidence of hemocoagulase from Deinagkistrodon acutus, Bothrops Atrox and Adder were 0.97%, 0.44% and 0.12%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that age (odds ratios [OR] = 177.328, P < .001), source of snake venom (OR = 5.641, P < .05), albumin (OR = 2.487, P < .001), and cumulative dosage (OR = 1.106, P < .001) were independent risk factors. Increased risk of hemocoagulase-related hypofibrinogenemia may be associated with children, elderly patients, low albumin levels, high cumulative doses and hemocoagulase from Agkistrodon Halys Pallas. Early recognition and close drug monitoring for these high-risk patients are vital in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Afibrinogenemia , Crotalinae , Serpentes Peçonhentas , Criança , Idoso , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Batroxobina , Incidência , Albuminas , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38687084

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the feasibility of 2-point fixation using absorbable plates by the transoral approach in the management of the zygomatic complex (ZMC) fractures. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (15 male and 10 female, age range 16 y to 55 y) with Knight and North Group Ⅲ zygomatic fractures were included in this case series. Open reduction by intraoral approach was performed on these patients, and the fractures were fixed using absorbable plates placed at the zygomaticomaxillary buttress and infraorbital rim. Postoperatively, follow-up was undertaken to evaluate the fracture healing, mouth opening, facial asymmetry, diplopia, and paresthesia. RESULTS: Postoperatively, all patients achieved uneventful healing; facial symmetry and wound healing were achieved, along with sensory recovery involving the infraorbital nerve. Complications such as sensory disturbances, infection, diplopia, malunion, and nonunion were not encountered in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: Two-point fixation using absorbable plates by transoral approach can provide sufficient stabilization for Knight and North Group III zygomatic fractures.

15.
Front Physiol ; 15: 1352391, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562620

RESUMO

For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the assessment of the treatment efficacy during hospitalization is of importance to the optimization of clinical treatments. Conventional spirometry might not be sensitive enough to capture the regional lung function development. The study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using electrical impedance tomography (EIT) as an objective bedside evaluation tool for the treatment of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Consecutive patients who required hospitalization due to AECOPD were included prospectively. EIT measurements were conducted at the time of admission and before the discharge simultaneously when a forced vital capacity maneuver was conducted. EIT-based heterogeneity measures of regional lung function were calculated based on the impedance changes over time. Surveys for attending doctors and patients were designed to evaluate the ease of use, feasibility, and overall satisfaction level to understand the acceptability of EIT measurements. Patient-reported outcome assessments were conducted. User's acceptance of EIT technology was investigated with a five-dimension survey. A total of 32 patients were included, and 8 patients were excluded due to the FVC maneuver not meeting the ATS criteria. Spirometry-based lung function was improved during hospitalization but not significantly different (FEV1 %pred.: 35.8% ± 6.7% vs. 45.3% ± 8.8% at admission vs. discharge; p = 0.11. FVC %pred.: 67.8% ± 0.4% vs. 82.6% ± 5.0%; p = 0.15. FEV1/FVC: 0.41 ± 0.09 vs. 0.42 ± 0.07, p = 0.71). The symptoms of COPD were significantly improved, but the correlations between the improvement of symptoms and spirometry FEV1 and FEV1/FVC were low (R = 0.1 and -0.01, respectively). The differences in blood gasses and blood tests were insignificant. All but one EIT-based regional lung function parameter were significantly improved after hospitalization. The results highly correlated with the patient-reported outcome assessment (R > 0.6, p < 0.001). The overall acceptability score of EIT measurement for both attending physicians and patients was high (4.1 ± 0.8 for physicians, 4.5 ± 0.5 for patients out of 5). These results demonstrated that it was feasible and acceptable to use EIT as an objective bedside evaluation tool for COPD treatment efficacy.

16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9339, 2024 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653745

RESUMO

Sensory impairment and brain atrophy is common among older adults, increasing the risk of dementia. Yet, the degree to which multiple co-occurring sensory impairments (MSI across vision, proprioception, vestibular function, olfactory, and hearing) are associated with brain morphometry remain unexplored. Data were from 208 cognitively unimpaired participants (mean age 72 ± 10 years; 59% women) enrolled in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Multiple linear regression models were used to estimate cross-sectional associations between MSI and regional brain imaging volumes. For each additional sensory impairment, there were associated lower orbitofrontal gyrus and entorhinal cortex volumes but higher caudate and putamen volumes. Participants with MSI had lower mean volumes in the superior frontal gyrus, orbitofrontal gyrus, superior parietal lobe, and precuneus compared to participants with < 2 impairments. While MSI was largely associated with lower brain volumes, our results suggest the possibility that MSI was associated with higher basal ganglia volumes. Longitudinal analyses are needed to evaluate the temporality and directionality of these associations.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Encéfalo , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Transversais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/patologia , Baltimore , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Atrofia
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(4): 399-405, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare screw versus Kirschner wire fixation in the treatment of lateral humeral condyle fractures in children. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet(CNKI), Wanfang Datebase from in ception to February 2022. Studies comparing screws and Kirschner wire fixation in the treatment of lateral humeral condyle fractures in children were included. Outcome measures included and excluded by a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria and evaluated for their quality, their excellent and good rate of fracture healing, malunion, delayed union or nonunion, infection, limitation of elbow flexion or extension(>10°) were extracted and analyzed using software Rev Man 5.3. RESULTS: A total of 9 retrospective studies involving 647 patients were included, with 255 patients in the screw fixation group(including screw combined with Kirschner wire) and 392 patients in the Kirschner wire fixation group. Meta analysis showed the following:infection rate in the screw group was significantly lower than that in the Kirschner wire group[OR=0.22, 95%CI(0.09, 0.56), P=0.001]. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in excellent and good rate of fracture healing, malunion rate(P>0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that infection rate in the screw-only group was significantly lower than that in the Kirschner wire group[OR=0.18, 95%CI(0.05, 0.65), P=0.009]. CONCLUSION: For lateral humeral condyle fractures, Screw fixation alone had a lower infection rate than kirschner wire fixation and screw combined with Kirschner wire fixation. There were no significant differences in the excellent and good rate of fracture healing, malunion. In terms of postoperative efficacy and safety of internal fixation, orthopaedic surgeons are more likely to recommend screws for fixation of lateral humeral condyle fractures in children.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Úmero , Humanos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Criança , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Fraturas Distais do Úmero
18.
J Pharm Sci ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608726

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes low bone mass and deterioration of bone microarchitecture. Puerarin is a natural isoflavone compound that has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and ameliorative effects on osteoporosis with less adverse reactions. However, its fast metabolism and low oral bioavailability limit its application. This study aimed to prepare d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS)- modified Puerarin Long Circulating Liposomes (TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes), in order to improve the oral bioavailability of puerarin, before evaluation of its pharmacological activity in vitro and in vivo. We employed film dispersion method to develop TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes before appropriate characterizations. Afterwards, we utilized in vivo imaging, pharmacokinetic analysis and in vitro drug release testing to further evaluate the in vivo and in vitro delivery efficiency. In addition, we established a castrated osteoporosis rat model to observe the changes in femur tissue structure and bone micromorphology via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Micro Computed Tomography (Micro CT). Besides, levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory indicators, as well as expression of wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related proteins were detected. In terms of physiochemical properties, the respective mean particle size (PS) and zeta potential (ZP) of TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes were 76.63±0.59 nm and -25.54±0.11 mV. The liposomal formulation exhibited encapsulation efficiency (EE) of 95.08±0.25% and drug loading (DL) of 7.84±0.07%, along with excellent storage stability. Compared with free drugs, the TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes demonstrated a sustained release effect and could increase blood concentration of puerarin in rats, thereby significantly improving its bioavailability. Also, in vivo studies have confirmed potential of the liposomes to promote bone tissue targeting and accumulation of puerarin, coupled with significant improvement of the osteoporotic status. Besides, the liposomes could also reduce levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory factors in serum and bone tissue. Additionally, we discovered that TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes increased Wnt, ß-catenin and T-cell factor (TCF) expressions at protein level in the wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. This study has demonstrated the potential of TPGS-Puerarin-liposomes for treatment of osteoporosis.

19.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 208, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between renal tumor complexity and vascular complications after partial nephrectomy using PADUA, RENAL, and ZS scores. METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2018, a total of 1917 patients with available cross-sectional imaging were enrolled in the study. Logistic regressions were used to identify independent predictors of vascular complications. RESULTS: Of 1917 patients, 31 (1.6%) developed vascular complications, including 10 females and 21 males. The high-complexity category was significantly associated with a decreased risk of vascular complication in PADUA (OR = 0.256; 95%CI = 0.086-0.762; P = 0.014) and ZS score (OR = 0.279; 95%CI = 0.083-0.946; P = 0.040). Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy were independent risk factors for vascular complications. Meanwhile, the incidence was significantly reduced in the recent 4 years in the high score tumor group alone in PADUA (0.2% [1/474] vs. 2.2% [3/139], P = 0.038) and ZS score (0.2% [1/469] vs. 2.7% [3/112], P = 0.024). In the first 8 years, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy were the only two independent risk factors for vascular complications. In the recent 4 years, only the high-complexity category was significantly associated with a decreased risk of vascular complication in the PADUA score (OR = 0.110; 95%CI = 0.013-0.938; P = 0.044). CONCLUSION: The renal anatomic classification system cannot predict the occurrence of vascular complications after partial nephrectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8101, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582868

RESUMO

Our objective in this study is to determine whether intra-articular injection of miRNA-1 can attenuate the progression of OA in rats by down regulating Ihh. Knee chondrocytes were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 2-3 days. Second-generation chondrocytes were transfected with miR-1 mimic and empty vector with lipo3000 for 6 h and then stimulated with 10 ng/mL IL-1ß for 24 h. OA-related and cartilage matrix genes were quantified using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Two-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 30?): sham operation group + 50 µL saline, anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) group + 50 µL miR-1 agomir (concentration), and control group ACLT + 50 µL miR-1 agomir. Treatment was started one week after the operation. All animals were euthanized eight weeks after the operation. X-rays and micro-CT were used to detect imaging changes in the knee joints. FMT was used to monitor joint inflammation in vivo. Safranin O staining was used to detect morphological changes in articular cartilage. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect Col2, Col10, metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13). RT-qPCR was used to detect gene changes includingmiR-1, Col2, Col10, MMP-13, Ihh, Smo, Gli1, Gli2, and Gli3. Overexpression of miR-1 in IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes reduced the levels of Ihh, MMP-13, and Col10 but increased the levels of Col2 and aggrecan. Intra-articular injection of miR-1 agomir reduced osteophyte formation, inflammation, and prevented cartilage damage. RT-qPCR results indicated that the miR-1 agomir increased articular cartilage anabolism and inhibited cartilage catabonism. miR-1 can attenuate the progression of OA by downregulating Ihh.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Proteínas Hedgehog , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/genética , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/genética , Condrócitos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Inflamação , Modelos Animais de Doenças
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