Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 164
Filtrar
1.
Cell ; 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843831

RESUMO

Experimental studies on DNA transposable elements (TEs) have been limited in scale, leading to a lack of understanding of the factors influencing transposition activity, evolutionary dynamics, and application potential as genome engineering tools. We predicted 130 active DNA TEs from 102 metazoan genomes and evaluated their activity in human cells. We identified 40 active (integration-competent) TEs, surpassing the cumulative number (20) of TEs found previously. With this unified comparative data, we found that the Tc1/mariner superfamily exhibits elevated activity, potentially explaining their pervasive horizontal transfers. Further functional characterization of TEs revealed additional divergence in features such as insertion bias. Remarkably, in CAR-T therapy for hematological and solid tumors, Mariner2_AG (MAG), the most active DNA TE identified, largely outperformed two widely used vectors, the lentiviral vector and the TE-based vector SB100X. Overall, this study highlights the varied transposition features and evolutionary dynamics of DNA TEs and increases the TE toolbox diversity.

2.
HIV Med ; 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38803112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify sexual/sex-associated risk factors for hepatitis C transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) and visualise behavioural trajectories from 2019 to 2021. METHODS: We linked a behavioural survey to a hepatitis C cohort study (NoCo), established in 2019 across six German HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment centres, and performed a case-control analysis. Cases were MSM with recent HCV infection, and controls were matched for HIV status (model 1) or proportions of sexual partners with HIV (model 2). We conducted conditional univariable and multivariable regression analyses. RESULTS: In all, 197 cases and 314 controls completed the baseline questionnaire and could be matched with clinical data. For regression models, we restricted cases to those with HCV diagnosed since 2018 (N = 100). Factors independently associated with case status included sex-associated rectal bleeding, shared fisting lubricant, anal douching, chemsex, intravenous and intracavernosal injections, with population-attributable fractions of 88% (model 1) and 85% (model 2). These factors remained stable over time among cases, while sexual partner numbers and group sex decreased during COVID-19 measures. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual/sex-associated practices leading to blood exposure are key factors in HCV transmission in MSM. Public health interventions should emphasize the importance of blood safety in sexual encounters. Micro-elimination efforts were temporarily aided by reduced opportunities for sexual encounters during the COVID-19 pandemic.

3.
AIDS Care ; : 1-12, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713631

RESUMO

Long-acting injectable pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAI-PrEP) is efficacious in preventing HIV among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and will be soon available in Europe. This study investigated the intention and preference to use LAI-PrEP among MSM in the Netherlands by employing a diffusion of innovation approach. This study had a cross-sectional design nested within a cohort study established in 2017 to understand oral PrEP use among MSM. 309 MSM completed the survey on their awareness, interest, intention, and preference for LAI-PrEP in June 2022. Among them, 83% showed high/very-high interest in, and 63% showed high/very-high intention to use LAI-PrEP. A repeated innovator effect from the early adopters to LAI-PrEP was not observed. Early adopters did not show increased intention to use LAI-PrEP compared to other MSM subgroups, but neither did PrEP-naïve nor PrEP-discontinued MSM. However, among the 218 current oral PrEP users, suboptimal adherence was associated with preference for LAI-PrEP but not with intention to use it. In conclusion, our findings indicated that an effective, available, and affordable LAI-PrEP would be welcomed in the Netherlands, but that its introduction may not significantly expand PrEP coverage. However, the introduction of LAI-PrEP in the Netherlands could prove beneficial to MSM with suboptimal adherence to oral PrEP.

4.
J Chem Phys ; 160(13)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557846

RESUMO

Shale gas reservoirs generally have ultra-low water saturation, and the water in reservoirs is closely bound to the walls of inorganic nanopores, forming a water film structure on the hydrophilic surface. When shale gas enters the inorganic nanopores, the water films in the inorganic pores will be removed by evaporation instead of being driven away by the gas, which increases the difficulty of predicting production during shale gas extraction. Based on molecular dynamics simulations, a water film evaporation model is proposed, considering the evaporation of water films during shale gas transport and the influence of water film evaporation on the shale gas transport mechanism. The Green-Kubo method is employed to calculate the viscosity of the water film. The evaporation flux of the water film under the influence of viscosity is discussed in the evaporation model. The transport mechanisms of shale gas in nanopores and the effect of water film evaporation on shale gas transport mechanisms are analyzed in detail. The result indicates that the water films in the inorganic nanopores are constrained on the hydrophilic surface, and the viscosity normal to the surface of the water film of 4 Å is 0.005 26 Pa⋅S, which is 6.12 times the reference value of viscosity at 298 K. In the process of water film evaporation, the evaporation flux of the water film is influenced by viscosity. In the study of the shale gas transport mechanism, water films in inorganic nanopores can hinder the surface diffusion of the methane molecules adsorbed on boundary and significantly reduce the mass flux of shale gas.

5.
Blood ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574321

RESUMO

Platelet α-granules are rich in TGF-ß1 which is associated with myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) biology. Responders to thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) revealed a parallel increase in the number of both platelets and MDSCs. Here, anti-CD61 immune-sensitized splenocytes were transferred into severe combined immunodeficient mice to establish an active murine model of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Subsequently, we demonstrated that TPO-RAs augmented the inhibitory activities of MDSCs by arresting plasma cells differentiation, reducing Fas ligand expression on cytotoxic T cells, and re-balancing T cell subsets. Mechanistically, transcriptome analysis confirmed the participation of TGF-ß/Smad pathways in TPO-RA-corrected-MDSCs, which was offset by Smad2/3 knockdown. In platelet TGF-ß1-deficient mice, TPO-RA-induced amplification and enhanced suppressive capacity of MDSCs was waived. Furthermore, our retrospective data revealed that ITP patients achieving complete platelet response showed superior long-term outcomes compared with those who only reach partial response. In conclusion, we demonstrate that platelet TGF-ß1 induces the expansion and functional reprogramming of MDSCs via the TGF-ß/Smad pathway. These data indicate that platelet recovery not only serves as an endpoint of treatment response, but also paves the way for immune homeostasis in immune-mediated thrombocytopenia.

6.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472889

RESUMO

To expound on the correlation between the microorganism communities and the formation of off-odour in Xuanwei ham, the microorganism communities and volatile compounds were investigated in the biceps femoris (BF) and semimembranosus (SM) of Xuanwei ham with different quality grades (normal ham and spoiled ham). The single molecule real-time sequencing showed that differential bacteria and fungi were more varied in normal hams than in spoiled hams. Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography (HS-SPME-GC-MS) results indicated that aldehydes and alcohols were significantly higher in spoiled hams than those in normal hams (p < 0.05). The off-odour of spoiled hams was dominated by ichthyic, malodourous, sweaty, putrid, sour, and unpleasant odours produced by compounds such as trimethylamine (SM: 13.05 µg/kg), hexanal (BF: 206.46 µg/kg), octanal (BF: 59.52 µg/kg), methanethiol (SM: 12.85 µg/kg), and valeric acid (BF: 15.08 µg/kg), which are positively correlated with Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Pseudomonas sp., Aspergillus ruber, and Moraxella osloensis. Furthermore, the physicochemical property and quality characteristics results showed that high moisture (BF: 56.32 g/100 g), pH (BF: 6.63), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) (SM: 1.98 MDA/kg), and low NaCl content (SM: 6.31%) were also responsible for the spoilage of hams with off-odour. This study provided a deep insight into the off-odour of Xuanwei ham from the perspective of microorganism communities and a theoretical basis for improving the flavour and overall quality of Xuanwei hams.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 15(12): 3470-3477, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512331

RESUMO

The photosystem of filamentous anoxygenic phototroph Roseiflexus (Rfl.) castenholzii comprises a light-harvesting (LH) complex encircling a reaction center (RC), which intensely absorbs blue-green light by carotenoid (Car) and near-infrared light by bacteriochlorophyll (BChl). To explore the influence of light quality (color) on the photosynthetic activity, we compared the pigment compositions and triplet excitation dynamics of the LH-RCs from Rfl. castenholzii was adapted to blue-green light (bg-LH-RC) and to near-infrared light (nir-LH-RC). Both LH-RCs bind γ-carotene derivatives; however, compared to that of nir-LH-RC (12%), bg-LH-RC contains substantially higher keto-γ-carotene content (43%) and shows considerably faster BChl-to-Car triplet excitation transfer (10.9 ns vs 15.0 ns). For bg-LH-RC, but not nir-LH-RC, selective photoexcitation of Car and the 800 nm-absorbing BChl led to Car-to-Car triplet transfer and BChl-Car singlet fission reactions, respectively. The unique excitation dynamics of bg-LH-RC enhances its photoprotection, which is crucial for the survival of aquatic anoxygenic phototrophs from photooxidative stress.


Assuntos
Chloroflexi , Chloroflexi/química , Chloroflexi/metabolismo , Carotenoides , Complexos de Proteínas Captadores de Luz/química , Fotossíntese , Bacterioclorofilas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409281

RESUMO

Children with ADHD show abnormal brain function and structure. Neuroimaging studies found that stimulant medications may improve brain structural abnormalities in children with ADHD. However, prior studies on this topic were conducted with relatively small sample sizes and wide age ranges and showed inconsistent results. In this cross-sectional study, we employed latent class analysis and linear mixed-effects models to estimate the impact of stimulant medications using demographic, clinical measures, and brain structure in a large and diverse sample of children aged 9-11 from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study. We studied 273 children with low ADHD symptoms and received stimulant medication (Stim Low-ADHD), 1002 children with high ADHD symptoms and received no medications (No-Med ADHD), and 5378 typically developing controls (TDC). After controlling for the covariates, compared to Stim Low-ADHD and TDC, No-Med ADHD showed lower cortical thickness in the right insula (INS, d = 0.340, PFDR = 0.003) and subcortical volume in the left nucleus accumbens (NAc, d = 0.371, PFDR = 0.003), indicating that high ADHD symptoms were associated with structural abnormalities in these brain regions. In addition, there was no difference in brain structural measures between Stim Low-ADHD and TDC children, suggesting that the stimulant effects improved both ADHD symptoms and ADHD-associated brain structural abnormalities. These findings together suggested that children with ADHD appear to have structural abnormalities in brain regions associated with saliency and reward processing, and treatment with stimulant medications not only improve the ADHD symptoms but also normalized these brain structural abnormalities.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 325: 117893, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336184

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erzhu Jiedu Recipe (EZJDR) is a formula of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). However, its effective components and the mechanism of action remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explain how the active compounds of EZJDR suppress the growth of hepatoma cells. METHODS: UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap HRMS was used to identify the chemical constituents of EZJDR and their distribution in the serum and liver of mice. Together with experimental investigations, network pharmacology unraveled the molecular mechanism of components of EZJDR underlying the inhibited Hep3B cells. RESULTS: A total of 138 compounds which can be divided into 18 kinds of components (such as sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids, anthraquinones, flavonoids and so on) were found in the aqueous extract of EZJDR. Of these components, the tricyclic-diterpenoids exhibited a highest exposure in the serum (74.5%) and liver (94.7%) of mice. The network pharmacology revealed that multiple components of EZJDR interacted with key node genes involved in apoptosis, proliferation, migration and metabolism through various signaling pathways, including ligand binding and protein phosphorylation. In vitro experiments demonstrated that 6 tricyclic-diterpenoids, 2 anthraquinones and 1 flavonoid inhibited the viability of Hep3B cells, with IC50 values ranging from 3.81 µM to 37.72 µM. Dihydrotanshinone I had the most potent bioactivity, arresting the S phase of cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. This compound changed the expression of proteins, including Bad, Bax, Bcl-2, Bal-x, caspase3 and catalase, which were associated with mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways. Moreover, dihydrotanshinone I increased the levels of p21 proteins, but decreased the phosphorylated p53, suggesting accumulation of p53 protein prevented cell cycle progression of Hep3B cells with damaged DNA. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that multiple components of EZJDR-diterpenoid, anthraquinone and flavonoid-could be the effective material for the treatment of HBV-HCC. This research provided valuable insights into the molecular mechanism of action underlying the therapeutic effects of EZJDR.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Diterpenos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Furanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Fenantrenos , Quinonas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Farmacologia em Rede , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Antraquinonas/uso terapêutico , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico
10.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(2)2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300178

RESUMO

Obesity has been linked to abnormal frontal function, including the white matter fibers of anterior portion of the corpus callosum, which is crucial for information exchange within frontal cortex. However, alterations in white matter anatomical connectivity between corpus callosum and cortical regions in patients with obesity have not yet been investigated. Thus, we enrolled 72 obese and 60 age-/gender-matched normal weight participants who underwent clinical measurements and diffusion tensor imaging. Probabilistic tractography with connectivity-based classification was performed to segment the corpus callosum and quantify white matter anatomical connectivity between subregions of corpus callosum and cortical regions, and associations between corpus callosum-cortex white matter anatomical connectivity and clinical behaviors were also assessed. Relative to normal weight individuals, individuals with obesity exhibited significantly greater white matter anatomical connectivity of corpus callosum-orbitofrontal cortex, which was positively correlated with body mass index and self-reported disinhibition of eating behavior, and lower white matter anatomical connectivity of corpus callosum-prefrontal cortex, which was significantly negatively correlated with craving for high-calorie food cues. The findings show that alterations in white matter anatomical connectivity between corpus callosum and frontal regions involved in reward and executive control are associated with abnormal eating behaviors.


Assuntos
Corpo Caloso , Substância Branca , Humanos , Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Cancer Cell ; 42(2): 175-177, 2024 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278148

RESUMO

Adenosine (Ado) drives immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Klysz et al. investigate Ado-mediated immunosuppression. Overexpression of Ado deaminase (ADA-OE), metabolizing Ado to inosine (INO), induces stemness and improves CAR T cell functionality. Likewise, exposure to INO enhances CAR T cells' function and induces stemness features.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Inosina , Humanos , Inosina/farmacologia , Linfócitos T
13.
Int J Behav Med ; 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current mpox epidemic is most prevalent among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). Vaccination programs are being rolled-out to curb the epidemic. Behavioural measures have been called for as well, for example, by the WHO and national public health authorities to reduce the number of sexual partners and sexual activity. We investigated intentions and determinants among Dutch MSM to follow such behavioural measures. METHODS: Early in July 2022, in the context of a dynamic ongoing epidemic, 394 MSM answered an online questionnaire investigating concepts such as perceived mpox risk, vaccination and behavioural change intentions and collecting socio-demographic and sexual behaviour information. RESULTS: The overall intentions to reduce number of partners and sexual activity were high, but only a minority had developed definite intentions. Determinant analysis revealed that dating/open relationship status was a positive predictor; vaccination intentions did not predict sexual behaviour change; those not on PrEP were more likely to change their sexual behaviour. Mpox infection concern was the main predictor for behaviour change intentions. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that behavioural measures to avoid an mpox infection are present in majority of participants in our survey, but high intentions are held by a minority. Taking the historic complexity of behavioural change pleas among MSM into account sensitive, additional public health measures are necessary to reach and to inform MSM about potential benefits of sexual behaviour change.

14.
Front Genet ; 14: 1267241, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37928238

RESUMO

Background: Research on fetal loss related to germline mutations in single genes remains limited. Disruption of CEP55 has recently been established in association with perinatal deaths characterized by hydranencephaly, renal dysplasia, oligohydramnios, and characteristic dysmorphisms. We herein present a Chinese family with recurrent fetal losses due to compound heterozygous nonsense CEP55 variants. Case presentations: The Chinese couple had a history of five pregnancies, with four of them proceeding abnormally. Two stillbirths (II:3 and II:4) sequentially occurred in the third and fourth pregnancy. Prenatal ultrasound scans revealed phenotypic similarities between fetuses II:3 and II:4, including oligohydramnios, bilateral renal dysplasia and hydrocephalus/hydranencephaly. Clubfoot and syndactyly were also present in both stillborn babies. Fetus II:3 presented with endocardial cushion defects while fetus II:4 did not. With the product of conception in the fourth pregnancy, whole exome sequencing (WES) on fetus II:4 identified compound heterozygous nonsense CEP55 variants comprised of c.190C>T(p.Arg64*) and c.208A>T(p.Lys70*). Both variants were expected to result in lack of the TSG101 and ALIX binding domain. Sanger sequencing confirmed the presence and cosegregation of both variants. Conclusion: This is the fifth reported family wherein biallelic CEP55 variants lead to multiple perinatal deaths. Our findings, taken together with previously described phenotypically similar cases and even those with a milder and viable phenotype, broaden the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of CEP55-associated lethal fetal syndrome, highlighting the vital biomolecular function of CEP55.

16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 398, 2023 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37904168

RESUMO

The wear particle-induced dissolution of bone around implants is a significant pathological factor in aseptic loosening, and controlling prosthetic aseptic loosening holds crucial social significance. While human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (HucMSCs-Exos, Exos) have been found to effectively promote osteogenesis and angiogenesis, their role in periprosthetic osteolysis remains unexplored. To enhance their in vivo application, we engineered HucMSCs-Exos-encapsulated poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (PLGA-Exos). In our study, we demonstrate that PLGA-Exos stimulate osteogenic differentiation while inhibiting the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequent osteoclast differentiation in vitro. In vivo imaging revealed that PLGA-Exos released exosomes slowly and maintained a therapeutic concentration. Our in vivo experiments demonstrated that PLGA-Exos effectively suppressed osteolysis induced by polyethylene particles. These findings suggest that PLGA-Exos hold potential as a therapeutic approach for the prevention and treatment of periprosthetic osteolysis. Furthermore, they provide novel insights for the clinical management of osteolysis.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Nanopartículas , Osteólise , Humanos , Osteogênese , Osteólise/induzido quimicamente , Osteólise/terapia , Polietileno/efeitos adversos , Glicóis/efeitos adversos , Cordão Umbilical
17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(38): 8620-8629, 2023 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37728520

RESUMO

Engineering the buried interfaces of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is crucial for optimizing the device performance. We herein report a novel strategy by modifying the ETL-FTO interface with MgO, as well as the interface between the perovskite layer (PVKL) and the SnO2 electron transfer layer (ETL) with formamidine bromide (FABr). The dual-interface ETL engineering substantially improved the photoelectric conversion efficiency (19.62 → 22.04%) and suppressed the hysteresis index (14.98 → 1.09%). The structure-activity relationship was explored by using transient photoelectric and time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectroscopic analyses. It was found that the FABr treatment enhanced the PVKL crystallinity and the PVKL-ETL interaction and that the MgO modification dramatically retarded the ion migration, which together optimized the ETL function. The mechanism underlying the influence of ion distribution on the dynamics of ions and free carriers is discussed, which may be helpful for the rational design of high-performance PSCs.

18.
J Med Virol ; 95(9): e29091, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37752803

RESUMO

People with or at risk for mpox are likely to be stigmatized because of analogies to other sexually transmitted infections. Stigma is driven by beliefs about the perceived severity of the condition and perceived responsibility for acquiring the condition, both in broader society and individual responsibility. We explored these beliefs and compared them across mpox, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), syphilis, gonorrhoea, and chlamydia in an online survey, conducted in July 2022, with 394 men-who-have-sex-with-men in the Netherlands. We compared mean scores between infections using repeated measures analysis of variance and conducted hierarchical regression analyses to identify determinants of both mpox perceived responsibility endpoints. Results showed that participants expected that mpox would be seen as a "gay disease" and will be used to blame gay men. Compared to other infections, mpox was considered less severe than HIV, but more severe than syphilis, gonorrhoea, and chlamydia. Perceived responsibility was comparable across infections, but, for each infection, participants perceived attributed responsibility to be higher in society than individual responsibility. Both perceived responsibility endpoints were highly correlated with each other and with other stigma beliefs. These results provide insight on the underlying determinants of mpox stigma and demonstrate that anticipated mpox stigma is present in the Netherlands.


Assuntos
Gonorreia , Infecções por HIV , Mpox , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Sífilis , Masculino , Humanos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Países Baixos , Gonorreia/epidemiologia , Sífilis/epidemiologia
19.
BMC Microbiol ; 23(1): 237, 2023 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37641037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing interest in the impact of the gut microbiome on cancer, the relationship between the lung microbiome and lung cancer has received limited investigation. Additionally, the composition of the oral microbiome was found to differ from that of individuals with lung cancer, indicating that these microorganisms may serve as potential biomarkers for the detection of lung cancer. METHODS: Forty-three Chinese lung cancer patients were enrolled in the current retrospective study and 16 S rRNA sequencing was performed on saliva, cancerous tissue (CT) and paracancerous tissue (PT) samples. RESULTS: Diversity and species richness were significantly different between the oral and lung microbiota. Lung microbiota were largely composed of the phyla Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria. The relative abundance of Promicromonosporacea and Chloroflexi increased in CT, while Enterococcaceae and Enterococcus were enriched in PT (p<0.05). A cancer-related microbiota model was constructed and produced an area under the curve of 0.74 in the training set, indicating discrimination between subjects with and without cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Characterization of microbiota in saliva, CT and PT from Chinese lung cancer patients revealed little difference between CT and PT, indicating that the tumor and its microenvironment might influence the local microbiome. A model to distinguish between CT and PT was constructed, which has the potential to enhance our comprehension of the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of lung cancer and identify novel therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Microbiota , Humanos , Saliva , População do Leste Asiático , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microbiota/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
Front Neurol ; 14: 1228810, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37564729

RESUMO

Background: Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a multisystem genetic disorder involving ataxia, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, and immunodeficiency caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the ATM gene. To date, most ATM variants have been reported in the Caucasian population, and few studies have focused on the genotype-phenotype correlation of A-T in the Chinese population. We herein present a Chinese patient with A-T who carries compound heterozygous variants in the ATM gene and conducted a literature review for A-T in China. Case presentation: A 7-year-old Chinese girl presented with growth retardation, ataxia, medium ocular telangiectasia, cerebellar atrophy, and elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, which supported the suspicion of A-T. Notably, the serum levels of immunoglobulins were all normal, ruling out immunodeficiency. Exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing revealed two likely pathogenic ATM variants, namely NM_000051.4: c.4195dup (p.Thr1399Asnfs*15) and c.6006 + 1G>T (p.?), which were inherited from her father and mother, respectively. From the Chinese literature review, we found that there was a marked delay in the diagnosis of A-T, and 38.9% (7/18) of A-T patients did not suffer from immunodeficiency in China. No genotype-phenotype correlation was observed in this group of A-T patients. Conclusion: These results extend the genotype spectrum of A-T in the Chinese population and imply that the diagnosis of A-T in China should be improved.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...