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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118872, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889341

RESUMO

The spores of Bacillus anthracis are highly deadly to human beings and animals, and are concurrently potential biological warfare agents. Hence, the rapid and sensitive monitoring Bacillus anthracis biomarker, dipicolinic acid (DPA), is very desirable. Herein, orange/green dual-emissive carbon dots (OG-CDs) were synthesized via the hydrothermal approach. The OG-CDs not only emitted dual fluorescence at 527 and 590 nm under the single 503 nm excitation, but also exhibited excellent water solubility, good photostability and great salt tolerance. The fluorescence of the OG-CDs at 527 nm can be completely quenched when chelated with Cu(II). However, because of the stronger chelation between DPA and Cu(II), the fluorescence restored rapidly on subsequent addition of DPA. As such, the CD-Cu(II) system can be used for determination of DPA based on the fluorescence "off-on" response. Under optimum conditions, the detection limit for DPA was 56 nM, with a linear range of 0.5-12.5 µM. The established CD-Cu(II) based spectrofluorometric method has been applied to the analysis of DPA in real water samples with recoveries of 93.6%-104.3%. More remarkably, the CD-Cu(II) probe also has been successfully applied for the imaging of DPA in Escherichia coli with excellent bio-compatibility.

2.
Food Chem ; 337: 127780, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799164

RESUMO

To determine malachite green (MG) and its major metabolite, leucomalachite green (LMG) residual levels in tilapia fish, chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) was developed based on a single-chain variable fragment (scFv)-alkaline phosphatase (AP) fusion protein. At first, VH and VL gene sequences were cloned from hybridoma cell lines secreting monoclonal antibody against LMG, and then thoroughly by database-assisted sequence analysis. Finally, the productive VH and VL were assembled to an intact scFv sequence and engineered to produce scFv-AP fusion protein. The fusion protein was further identified as a bifunctional reagent for immunoassay, then a sensitive one-step CLEIA against LMG was developed with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) and limit of detection (LOD) of 1.3 and 0.04 ng/mL, respectively. The validation results of this novel competitive CLEIA was in line with those obtained by classical HPLC method for determination of total MG in spiked and field incurred samples.

3.
Food Chem ; 336: 127672, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771899

RESUMO

Endophytic bacteria are always related to the host different traits, including the secondary metabolites production. However, the effect and mechanism of endophytic bacteria in the mushrooms fruit body on mycelia are still not clear. In this study, we investigated the effect of endophytic bacterial metabolites on the quality of Lyophyllum decastes mycelia. Soluble sugars, starch, protein, free amino acids, 5'-Nucleotides, EUC, and organic acids contents of mycelia were analyzed. We found that endophytic bacterial metabolites significantly increased the contents of soluble sugars, starch, protein, free amino acids, organic acids, and EUC. The present study thus suggests that endophytic bacteria could promote the quality of Lyophyllum decastes by improving non-volatile taste components of mycelia.

4.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11110-11126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042273

RESUMO

Rationale: Many external factors can induce the melanogenesis and inflammation of the skin. Salidroside (SAL) is the main active ingredient of Rhodiola, which is a perennial grass plant of the Family Crassulaceae. This study evaluated the effect and molecular mechanism of SAL on skin inflammation and melanin production. It then explored the molecular mechanism of melanin production under ultraviolet (UV) and inflammatory stimulation. Methods: VISIA skin analysis imaging system and DermaLab instruments were used to detect the melanin reduction and skin brightness improvement rate of the volunteers. UV-treated Kunming mice were used to detect the effect of SAL on skin inflammation and melanin production. Molecular docking and Biacore were used to verify the target of SAL. Immunofluorescence, luciferase reporter assay, CO-IP, pull-down, Western blot, proximity ligation assay (PLA), and qPCR were used to investigate the molecular mechanism by which SAL regulates skin inflammation and melanin production. Results: SAL can inhibit the inflammation and melanin production of the volunteers. SAL also exerted a protective effect on the UV-treated Kunming mice. SAL can inhibit the tyrosinase (TYR) activity and TYR mRNA expression in A375 cells. SAL can also regulate the ubiquitination degradation of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) by targeting prolyl 4-hydroxylase beta polypeptide (P4HB) to mediate inflammation and melanin production. This study also revealed that IRF1 and upstream stimulatory factor 1 (USF1) can form a transcription complex to regulate TYR mRNA expression. IRF1 also mediated inflammatory reaction and TYR expression under UV- and lipopolysaccharide-induced conditions. Moreover, SAL derivative SAL-plus (1-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl) ethyl-ß-d-glucoside) showed better effect on inflammation and melanin production than SAL. Conclusion: SAL can inhibit the inflammation and melanogenesis of the skin by targeting P4HB and regulating the formation of the IRF1/USF1 transcription complex. In addition, SAL-plus may be a new melanin production and inflammatory inhibitor.

5.
Metab Eng ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045365

RESUMO

The use of insect sex pheromones is an alternative technology for pest control in agriculture and forestry, which, in contrast to insecticides, does not have adverse effects on human health or environment and is efficient also against insecticide-resistant insect populations. Due to the high cost of chemically synthesized pheromones, mating disruption applications are currently primarily targeting higher value crops, such as fruits. Here we demonstrate a biotechnological method for the production of (Z)-hexadec-11-en-1-ol and (Z)-tetradec-9-en-1-ol, using engineered yeast cell factories. These unsaturated fatty alcohols are pheromone components or the immediate precursors of pheromone components of several economically important moth pests. Biosynthetic pathways towards several pheromones or their precursors were reconstructed in the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, which was further metabolically engineered for improved pheromone biosynthesis by decreasing fatty alcohol degradation and downregulating storage lipid accumulation. The sex pheromone of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera was produced by oxidation of fermented fatty alcohols into corresponding aldehydes. The resulting yeast-derived pheromone was just as efficient and specific for trapping of H. armigera male moths in cotton fields in Greece as a conventionally produced synthetic pheromone mixture. We further demonstrated the production of (Z)-tetradec-9-en-1-yl acetate, the main pheromone component of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda. Taken together our work describes a biotech platform for the production of commercially relevant titres of moth pheromones for pest control via yeast fermentation.

6.
J Neural Eng ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology based on motor imagery control has become a research hotspot but continues to encounter numerous challenges. BCI can assist in the recovery of stroke patients and serve as a key technology in robot control. Current research on motor imagery almost exclusively focuses on the hands, feet, and tongue. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to establish a four-class motor imagery (MI) BCI system, in which the four types are the four articulations within the right upper limbs, involving the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand. APPROACH: Ten subjects were chosen to perform nine upper-limb analytic movements, after which the differences were compared in P300, MCRPS, and ERD/ERS under voluntary and involuntary motor imagery. Next, the cross-frequency coupling coefficient based on mutual information was extracted from the electrodes and frequency bands with interest. Combined with the image Fourier transform and TBSVM classifier, four kinds of EEG data were classified, and the classifier's parameters were optimized using a genetic algorithm. MAIN RESULT: The results were shown to be encouraging, with an average accuracy of 93.2% and 92.2% for voluntary MI and involuntary MI, respectively, and over 95% for any three classes and any two classes. In most cases, the accuracy of feature extraction using the proximal articulations as the basis was found to be relatively high and had better performance. SIGNIFICANCE: This paper discussed four types of MI according to three aspects under two modes and classed them by combining graph Fourier transform and cross-frequency coupling. Accordingly, the theoretical discussion and classification methods may provide a fundamental theoretical basis for BCI interface applications.

7.
FASEB J ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047892

RESUMO

Extracellular trafficking of tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) is tightly regulated, disruption of which triggers various autoinflammatory disorders, including TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS). Here, we provide thus far unraveled molecular basis of noncysteine mutations in TNFR1 ectodomain where loss of an aromatic moiety in cysteine-rich domain (CRD) 2 results in TRAPS disease-associated phenotype. Our study characterized that a missense mutation on phenylalanine residue located in CRD2 (TNFR1F60V ) causes a delay in TNFR1 transport to cell membrane, leading to sustained receptor responsiveness and downstream NF-κB activation, characteristic of clinical manifestation of a prolonged fever. By creating and characterizing identical mutations on structurally conserved ectodomains of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and decoy receptor 3, other two secreted forms of TNFRSF, we further identified that a conserved aromatic residue at the A1 submodule of CRD2 (A1CRD2) confers structural integrity of ectodomain where aromatic sidechain deletion increases thermal instability, interfering with efficient posttranslational modification and subsequent receptor secretion. Interestingly, our functional analyses indicated that this particular noncysteine mutation is not associated with either protein misfolding or loss of function. Finally, by using a synthetic agonist, we demonstrated gain-of-function of the trafficking defect, suggesting the possibility of rescuing affected pathology in related disorders. Given the structural and topological similarities present in the ectodomains of TNFRSF members, our findings provide mechanistic insights of defects in subcellular trafficking of TNF receptors, reported in various TNFRSF-associated diseases.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 2): 142661, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059134

RESUMO

Soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C:N) are the main indicators of soil quality and health and play an important role in maintaining soil quality. Together with Landsat, the improved spatial and temporal resolution Sentinel sensors provide the potential to investigate soil information on various scales. We analyzed and compared the potential of satellite sensors (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2 and Sentinel-3) with various spatial and temporal resolutions to predict SOC content and C:N ratio in Switzerland. Modeling was carried out at four spatial resolutions (800 m, 400 m, 100 m and 20 m) using three machine learning techniques: support vector machine (SVM), boosted regression tree (BRT) and random forest (RF). Soil prediction models were generated in these three machine learners in which 150 soil samples and different combinations of environmental data (topography, climate and satellite imagery) were used as inputs. The prediction results were evaluated by cross-validation. Our results revealed that the model type, modeling resolution and sensor selection greatly influenced outputs. By comparing satellite-based SOC models, the models built by Landsat-8 and Sentinel-2 performed the best and the worst, respectively. C:N ratio prediction models based on Landsat-8 and Sentinel-2 showed better results than Sentinel-3. However, the prediction models built by Sentinel-3 had competitive or better accuracy at coarse resolutions. The BRT models constructed by all available predictors at a resolution of 100 m obtained the best prediction accuracy of SOC content and C:N ratio; their relative improvements (in terms of R2) compared to models without remote sensing data input were 29.1% and 58.4%, respectively. The results of variable importance revealed that remote sensing variables were the best predictors for our soil prediction models. The predicted maps indicated that the higher SOC content was mainly distributed in the Alps, while the C:N ratio shared a similar distribution pattern with land use and had higher values in forest areas. This study provides useful indicators for a more effective modeling of soil properties on various scales based on satellite imagery.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 277: 111488, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070017

RESUMO

Soil wind erosion is an important ecological environmental problem that is widespread in arid and semi-arid regions. Currently, related studies are mainly focused on spatiotemporal characteristics or analysis of effector mechanisms, and they do not facilitate direct servicing of management decisions. In this paper, we used the Xilingol typical steppe in Inner Mongolia, China, as a study site to develop a decision framework for a comprehensive understanding of soil wind erosion and to promote sustainable management of steppes. In this study, we used the Revised Wind Erosion Equation model to simulate soil wind erosion. We combined this model with linear trend analysis to evaluate the ecological effects of soil wind erosion and wind erosion intensity, and delineated the gravity center migration path. We used the constraint line method to reveal the mechanisms by which climatic factors affected soil wind erosion, achieved the spatial visualization of wind-breaking and sand-fixing service flow, and proposed decision-based regional sustainable development suggestions. The results showed that long-term soil wind erosion will lead to soil coarsening and loss of soil nutrients. Soil wind erosion in the study site showed worsening trends and risks, and as such, ecological environment conservation and management are urgently required. The study framework promotes a clear understanding of the complex relationship of human-earth systems. The study results will aid in the ecological remediation of steppe landscapes and the prevention of desertification and will provide a foundation for win-win management of ecological conservation and economic development in arid and semi-arid regions.

10.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079732

RESUMO

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is frequently activated in lung cancer. In our previous study, a new class of compounds containing pyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidine scaffold with an acrylamide moiety was designed as irreversible EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors to overcome acquired EGFR-T790M resistance. In this study, we selected the most promising compound Z25h to further investigate its effects and the underlying mechanism against non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro. Four different non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were selected to test the antiviability profile of Z25h, and Hcc827 was the most sensitive to the drug treatment. Z25h caused cell cycle arrest at G0-G1 phase, and triggered strong early apoptosis in Hcc827 cells at 0.1 µM and late apoptosis in A549, H1975 and H1299 cells at 10 µM by 48 h treatment. Z25h inhibited the activation of EGFR and its downstream PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in the four tested cell lines, leading to the inhibition of cellular biosynthetic and metabolic processes and the promotion of apoptotic process. However, the effect of Z25h on mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway varies from cell lines. In addition, Z25h sensitized H1975 cells to X-ray radiation, and it also enhanced the radiation effect on A549 cells, while no obvious effect of Z25h was observed on the cell viability inhibition of H1299 cells induced by radiation. Hereby, Z25h might be considered as a potential therapeutic drug candidate for non-small cell lung adenocarcinoma treatment.

11.
Plant Cell Rep ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084965

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: The transcription factor (TF) IbERF71 forms a novel complex, IbERF71-IbMYB340-IbbHLH2, to coregulate anthocyanin biosynthesis by binding to the IbANS1 promoter in purple-fleshed sweet potatoes. Purple-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is very popular because of its abundant anthocyanins, which are natural pigments with multiple physiological functions. TFs involved in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis have been identified in many plants. However, the molecular mechanism of anthocyanin biosynthesis in purple-fleshed sweet potatoes has rarely been examined. In this study, TF IbERF71 and its partners were screened by bioinformatics and RT-qPCR analysis. The results showed that the expression levels of IbERF71 and partners IbMYB340 and IbbHLH2 were higher in purple-fleshed sweet potatoes than in other colors and that the expression levels positively correlated with anthocyanin contents. Moreover, transient expression assays showed that cotransformation of IbMYB340+IbbHLH2 resulted in anthocyanin accumulation in tobacco leaves and strawberry receptacles, and additional IbERF71 significantly increased visual aspects. Furthermore, the combination of the three TFs significantly increased the expression levels of FvANS and FvGST, which are involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis and transport of strawberry receptacles. The dual-luciferase reporter system verified that cotransformation of the three TFs enhanced the transcription activity of IbANS1. In addition, yeast two-hybrid and firefly luciferase complementation assays revealed that IbMYB340 interacted with IbbHLH2 and IbERF71 but IbERF71 could not interact with IbbHLH2 in vitro. In summary, our findings provide novel evidence that IbERF71 and IbMYB340-IbbHLH2 form the regulatory complex IbERF71-IbMYB340-IbbHLH2 that coregulates anthocyanin accumulation by binding to the IbANS1 promoter in purple-fleshed sweet potatoes. Thus, the present study provides a new regulatory network of anthocyanin biosynthesis and strong insight into the color development of purple-fleshed sweet potatoes.

12.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 81: 12-17, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain iron disequilibrium and dopaminergic dysfunction are key pathophysiological features of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Rep1 polymorphism in the promotor region of SNCA is associated with risk of Parkinson's disease, however its association with RLS and iron status is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate SNCA-Rep1 polymorphism in RLS and its phenotypes. METHODS: We recruited RLS patients as well as age and gender matched healthy controls. Demographic information and clinical features of RLS were recorded. Laboratory examinations were performed to exclude possible secondary causes. RESULTS: 215 RLS patients and 369 healthy controls were included. We found that the Rep1 allele 0 homozygosity significantly decreased RLS risk (OR: 0.345; P < 0.0001, and remained significant after the Bonferroni correction). Phenotypic analysis demonstrated that longer Rep1 alleles were associated with increased susceptibility to iron deficiency (53.0% vs 36.1%, P = 0.017), however had no phenotypic significant effects on age, gender, onset age, duration, RLS family history, severity, laterality, extra body involvement and seasonal fluctuation. Multivariate logistic regression analyses confirmed long Rep1 allele was associated with higher risk of iron deficiency in RLS after adjusting for potential confounding factors. In detail, Rep1 allele 2 homozygosity was prone to a higher risk of peripheral iron deficiency in RLS (OR: 4.550, P = 0.006, remained significant after the Bonferroni correction). CONCLUSION: The SNCA-Rep1 variability modified RLS risk and influenced peripheral iron deficiency in this group of Chinese RLS patients. Rep1 allele 0 homozygosity decreased the risk of RLS, while homozygous allele 2 increased the risk of nonanemic iron deficiency in RLS.

13.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058454

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The pneumatic tube system (PTS) is widely used for sample delivery. We aimed to investigate the impacts of PTS on hemostasis assays. METHODS: Triplicate samples from 30 healthy volunteers were delivered to the core laboratory manually by human courier or via the 500 m long-distance PTS or via the 1000 m long-distance PTS. Comparisons of 19 hemostasis tests were conducted. RESULTS: Although PT, INR, APTT, FII, FV, FVII FIX, FX, FXII, DD, α2-PI, and PC had statistical significance (all P < .05), all had low average bias remaining within clinical acceptable limits. PTS transportation only resulted in a statistically significant and clinically relevant decrease in FVIII activity. In the 500 m-PTS group, 66.7% (20/30) of samples for FVIII testing had a bias greater than 8.3%. Moreover, in the 1000 m-PTS group, 96.7% (29/30) of samples had a bias of over 8.3%, and the maximal bias achieved 42.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Pneumatic tube system in our institution could be used to deliver blood samples for hemostasis tests evaluated in this study except FVIII activity assay.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17443, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060778

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are differentially expressed in various tumours, but the expression and regulatory mechanisms of circular RNA ITCH (cir-ITCH) in gastric cancer remain unclear. For this reason, in the present study, we assessed the expression of cir-ITCH and the associated regulatory mechanism of cir-ITCH in gastric cancer. Through RTq-PCR assays, we observed that cir-ITCH expression was attenuated in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues, with cir-ITCH expression in gastric cancer tissues with lymph node metastasis being considerably lower than that observed in gastric cancer tissues without lymph node metastasis. In addition, we demonstrated that cir-ITCH or linear ITCH may be a useful marker for gastric cancer prognosis by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. We also showed that cir-ITCH overexpression could increase linear ITCH expression through miR-17 via RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and luciferase reporter assays. Moreover, in vivo and in vitro experimental results showed that cir-ITCH can act as a tumour suppressor to prevent gastric cancer tumourgenesis by sponging miR-17. The Wnt/ß-catenin pathway plays a crucial role during the carcinogenesis of cancers, and we observed that cir-ITCH could negatively regulate Wnt/ß-catenin signalling, which could be restored by miR-17. In summary, cir-ITCH was shown to prevent gastric cancer tumourgenesis through the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway by sequestering miR-17.

15.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063511

RESUMO

Drawing inspiration from biology, neuromorphic systems are of great interest in direct interaction and efficient processing of analogue signals in the real world and could be promising for the development of smart sensors. Here, we demonstrate an artificial sensory neuron consisting of an InGaZnO4 (IGZO4)-based optical sensor and NbOx-based oscillation neuron in series, which can simultaneously sense the optical information even beyond the visible light region and encode them into electrical impulses. Such artificial vision sensory neurons can convey visual information in a parallel manner analogous to biological vision systems, and the output spikes can be effectively processed by a pulse coupled neural network, demonstrating the capability of image segmentation out of a complex background. This study could facilitate the construction of artificial visual systems and pave the way for the development of light-driven neurorobotics, bioinspired optoelectronics, and neuromorphic computing.

16.
Environ Technol ; : 1-29, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063640

RESUMO

The effects of pure oxygen aeration on organic pollutants removal performance and effluent soluble microbial products (SMP) characteristics of salt-tolerant sludge for the treatment of wastewater with the salinity from 1.0% to 3.5% were investigated. The results showed that the oxygen transfer efficiency of the pure oxygen aeration was higher than that of the air aeration. At the low salinities (0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%), the total organic carbon (TOC) removal rates were 71.42%, 72.88% and 76.30%, respectively, much higher than those with air aeration. However, there were no significant differences of TOC removal efficiency between the air aeration and the pure oxygen aeration at high salinities (2.5% and 3.5%). The SMP contents showed a trend of first decline and then increase generally. The content of SMP with pure oxygen aeration was lower than that with air aeration at low salinity, whereas an opposite result was obtained for salinity above 2.5%. Five excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence peaks detected in the SMP with pure oxygen aeration and air aeration were assigned to tryptophan protein-like, tyrosine protein-like and humic acid-like substances. Humic acid-like fluorescence mainly appeared in the SMP with air aeration, which may be due to respiratory failure under air aeration conditions.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) remains the primary cause of in-hospital mortality after hepatectomy. Identifying predictors of PHLF is important to improve surgical safety. We sought to identify the predictive accuracy of two noninvasive markers, albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet count ratio index (APRI), to predict PHLF among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to build up an online prediction calculator. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection for HCC between 2013 and 2016 at 6 Chinese hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. The independent predictors of PHLF were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses; derivative data were used to construct preoperative and postoperative nomogram models. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the two predictive models, and ALBI, APRI, Child-Pugh, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores were compared relative to predictive accuracy for PHLF. RESULTS: Among the 767 patients in the analytic cohort, 102 (13.3%) experienced PHLF. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified high ALBI grade (>-2.6) and high APRI grade (>1.5) as independent risk factors associated with PHLF in both the preoperative and postoperative models. Two nomogram predictive models and corresponding web-based calculators were subsequently constructed. The areas under the ROC curves for the postoperative and preoperative models, APRI, ALBI, MELD and Child-Pugh scores in predicting PHLF were 0.844, 0.789, 0.626, 0.609, 0.569, and 0.560, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ALBI and APRI demonstrated more accurate ability to predict PHLF than Child-Pugh and MELD. Two online calculators that combined ALBI and APRI were proposed as useful preoperative and postoperative tools for individually predicting the occurrence of PHLF among patients with HCC.

18.
Food Chem ; 341(Pt 1): 128148, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038776

RESUMO

The brown seaweed Undaria pinnatifida polysaccharides show various biological activities, but their hypoglycemic activity and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. Here, three fractions of sulfated polysaccharides Up-3, Up-4, and Up-5 were prepared by microwave-assisted extraction from U. pinnatifida. In vitro assays demonstrated that Up-3 and Up-4 had strong α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, and Up-3, Up-4, and Up-5 could improve the glucose uptake in insulin-resistant HepG2 cells without affecting their viability. In vivo studies indicated Up-3 and Up-4 markedly reduced postprandial blood glucose levels. Up-U (a mixture of Up-3, Up-4, and Up-5), reduced fasting blood glucose levels, increased glucose tolerance and alleviated insulin resistance in HFD/STZ-induced hyperglycemic mice. Histopathological observation and hepatic glycogen measurement showed that Up-U alleviated the damage of the pancreas islet cell, reduced hepatic steatosis, and promoted hepatic glycogen synthesis. These findings suggest that Up-U could alleviate postprandial and HFD/STZ-induced hyperglycemia and was a potential agent for diabetes treatment.

19.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1322-1331, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063500

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue (HAPA) on the survival of transplanted adipose tissue. Methods: For in vitro study, adipose tissue and HAPA-adipose tissue complex were cultured in normoxia and hypoxia atmospheres for 24 and 72 hours. TUNEL and Perilipin immunofluorescence staining were performed to observe the effect of HAPA on apoptosis and survival of adipocities. For in vivo study, 42 healthy male nude mice (4-6 weeks old) weighing 15-18 g were randomly divided into adipose group (group A), 10%HAPA group (group B), 20%HAPA group (group C), 30%HAPA group (group D), 40%HAPA group (group E), and 50%HAPA group (group F) according to different HAPA/adipose tissue volume ratio ( n=7). For each group, 1 mL adipose tissue or HAPA-adipose tissue complex was injected subcutaneously into the dorsum of the nude mice. At 4 weeks after transplantation, 7 nude mice in each group were sacrificed and grafts were harvested, gross observation, volume measurement, ultrasound examination, and histologic staining (HE staining, CD31 and Perilipin immunofluorescence stainings) were applied. Results: Hypoxia showed a tendency of promoting adipose tissue necrosis and apoptosis, while HAPA exhibited an obvious effect of inhibiting cell apoptosis in vitro study ( P<0.05). For in vivo study, grafts of all groups had intact fibrocapsule. No obvious signs of infection and necrosis were observed at 4 weeks. Volume shrinkage was observed in all groups, however, the groups A-D had significantly higher volume retention rate than groups E and F ( P<0.05). Ultrasound examination showed that there were no significant difference in the number and volume of liquify area of the grafts in each group ( P>0.05). With the increase of HAPA's volume ratio, HE staining proved an improved fat integrity while a gradually decreased vacuoles and fibrosis. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the number of neo-vascularisation in groups E and F were significantly higher than those in groups A-D ( P<0.05). Perilipin immunofluorescence staining showed that with the increase of HAPA volume ratio, the number of living adipocytes increased gradually, and more new adipocytes could be seen in the field of vision. Conclusion: As the volume ratio of HAPA gradually increased, the survival of transplanted adipose tissue also increased, but the volume retention rate decreased gradually. 30%HAPA was considered the relative optimal volume ratio for its superior adipose tissue survival and volume retation rate.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Transplantes , Adipócitos , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Suínos
20.
Food Funct ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078805

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explore the hepatoprotective potential of coix seed protein hydrolysates (CPP) against alcohol-induced liver injury, and investigate the underlying mechanisms. The hepatoprotective activity of CPP at 0, 10, 30, 50 mg per kg BW was demonstrated in vivo by using ICR male mice fed with 40% v/v alcohol (5 ml per kg body weight) daily to induce alcoholic liver injury. CPP could significantly improve the alcohol metabolism in liver as evidenced by the enhanced activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT). The overexpression of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-ß (IL-ß) by alcohol induced injury was altered by CPP administration. The lipid peroxidation was also retarded by CPP by suppressing malondialdehyde (MDA) level and increasing the activity of liver superoxide dismutase (SOD). The findings from the present study suggested that CPP produced significant hepatoprotection and showed potential to be used as a dietary supplement or the ingredient of functional food.

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