Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.848
Filtrar
1.
Bioact Mater ; 21: 44-56, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017072

RESUMO

Implant-associated infections (IAIs) caused by biofilm formation are the most devastating complications of orthopedic surgery. Statins have been commonly and safely used drugs for hypercholesterolemia for many years. Here, we report that simvastatin-hydroxyapatite-coated titanium alloy prevents biofilm-associated infections. The antibacterial properties of simvastatin against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms in vitro was confirmed by crystal violet staining and live-dead bacterial staining. We developed a simvastatin-and hydroxyapatite (Sim-HA)-coated titanium alloy via electrochemical deposition. Sim-HA coatings inhibited Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and improved the biocompatibility of the titanium alloy. Sim-HA coatings effectively prevented Staphylococcus aureus IAI in rat femurs, as confirmed by radiological assessment and histological examination. The antibacterial effects of the Sim-HA coatings were attributed to their inhibitory effects on biofilm formation, as verified by scanning electron microscopic observations and bacterial spread plate analysis. In addition, the Sim-HA coatings enhanced osteogenesis and osteointegration, as verified by micro-CT, histological evaluation, and biomechanical pull-out tests. In summary, Sim-HA coatings are promising implant materials for protection against biofilm-associated infections.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(2): 404-409, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900437

RESUMO

Our previous study demonstrated the potential therapeutic role of human neural stem cell-derived exosomes (hNSC-Exo) in ischemic stroke. Here, we loaded brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) into exosomes derived from NSCs to construct engineered exosomes (BDNF-hNSC-Exo) and compared their effects with those of hNSC-Exo on ischemic stroke both in vitro and in vivo. In a model of H2O2-induced oxidative stress in NSCs, BDNF-hNSC-Exo markedly enhanced cell survival. In a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion model, BDNF-hNSC-Exo not only inhibited the activation of microglia, but also promoted the differentiation of endogenous NSCs into neurons. These results suggest that BDNF can improve the function of NSC-derived exosomes in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Our research may support the clinical use of other neurotrophic factors for central nervous system diseases.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 723-725, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376769

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Surfing depends mainly on the driving force resulting from wave oscillations. Athletes need to paddle in the wave zone and complete the competition actions in the most robust section on the wave walls. This requires extreme balance skills, which can be strengthened with specific training. Among them, it is believed that core training could be beneficial. Objective To study the influence of training on a stable and unstable platform on the regulation of the surfer's orthostatic posture under balance disturbance. Methods Members of the Hainan National Surf Training Team were volunteers for the experiment; their physical training methods, memory training, and effects evaluation were analyzed. Results 90% of athletes manage to complete the balance control in a short-term autonomous position on the balance board in 1 week; their progress also depends on the training duration, times, and intervals; the progression rule lies according to the literary theory of sports training. Conclusion With the further extension of the balance board training cycle, it is believed that athletes' ability to control balance and real competition comprehensive capabilities will continue to increase, the overall technical level and stability of their performance will be even greater. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O surfe depende principalmente da força motriz resultante das oscilações nas ondas. Os atletas precisam remar na zona de ondas e completar as ações da competição na seção mais forte nas paredes das ondas. Isso exige extrema habilidade de equilíbrio, que pode ser fortalecida com treinos específicos. Dentre eles, acredita-se que o treino de core poderia ser benéfico. Objetivo Estudar a influência do treino em plataforma estável e instável na regulação da postura ortostática do surfista sob perturbação do equilíbrio. Métodos Membros da Equipe Nacional de Treinamento de Surf de Hainan foram voluntários do experimento, foram analisados os seus métodos de treino físico, treino de memória e avaliação dos efeitos. Resultados 90% dos atletas conseguem completar o controle de equilíbrio em uma posição autônoma de curto prazo na prancha de equilíbrio em 1 semana, a velocidade de seu progresso também depende da duração do treino, tempos e intervalos, a regra da progressão encontra-se de acordo com a teoria literária do treino esportivo. Conclusão Com a extensão adicional do ciclo de treino da prancha de equilíbrio, acredita-se que a capacidade dos atletas no controle do equilíbrio e capacidades abrangentes de competição reais continuarão a aumentar, o nível técnico geral e a estabilidade de seu desempenho serão ainda mais aprimorados. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El surf depende principalmente de la fuerza motriz resultante de las oscilaciones de las olas. Los deportistas necesitan remar en la zona de la ola y completar las acciones de la competición en la sección más robusta de las paredes de la ola. Para ello, es necesario contar con habilidades de equilibrio extremas, que pueden reforzarse con un entrenamiento específico. Entre ellas, se cree que el entrenamiento del núcleo podría ser beneficioso. Objetivo Estudiar la influencia del entrenamiento en una plataforma estable e inestable sobre la regulación de la postura ortostática del surfista bajo una perturbación del equilibrio. Métodos Los miembros del Equipo Nacional de Entrenamiento de Surf de Hainan fueron voluntarios para el experimento; se analizaron sus métodos de entrenamiento físico, el entrenamiento de la memoria y la evaluación de los efectos. Resultados El 90% de los atletas consiguen completar el control del equilibrio en una posición autónoma a corto plazo en la tabla de equilibrio en 1 semana; su progreso también depende de la duración del entrenamiento, los tiempos y los intervalos; la regla de progresión se encuentra según la teoría literaria del entrenamiento deportivo. Conclusión Con la ampliación del ciclo de entrenamiento en la tabla de equilibrio, se cree que la capacidad de los atletas para controlar el equilibrio y las capacidades integrales de la competición real seguirán aumentando, el nivel técnico general y la estabilidad de su rendimiento serán aún mayores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Esportes Aquáticos/fisiologia , Posição Ortostática
4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 402, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 7-p-trifluoromethylphenyl-FL118 (FLQY2) is a camptothecin analog with excellent antitumor efficacy against various solid tumors. However, its poor solubility and low bioavailability limited the development of the drug. Polyvinyl caprolactam-polyvinyl acetate-polyethylene glycol graft copolymer (Soluplus®), an emerging carrier for preparing solid dispersion (SD), encapsulated FLQY2 to circumvent the above limitations. RESULTS: In this project, FLQY2-SD was prepared by solvent evaporation method and self-assembled into micelles in aqueous solutions owing to the amphiphilic nature of Soluplus®. The physicochemical characterizations demonstrated that FLQY2 existed in a homogeneous amorphous form in SD and was rapidly dissolved. The micelles did not affect cytotoxicity or cellular uptake of FLQY2 in vitro, and the oral bioavailability was increased by 12.3-fold compared to the FLQY2 cyclodextrin suspension. The pharmacokinetics of FLQY2-SD showed rapid absorption, accumulation in the intestine, and slow elimination via fecal. Metabolite identification studies showed 14 novel metabolites were identified, including 12 phase I metabolites (M1-M12) and 2 phase II metabolites (M13-M14), of which M2 (oxidation after decarboxylation) and M7 (dioxolane ring cleavage) were the primary metabolites in the positive mode and negative mode, respectively. The tumor growth inhibition rate (TGI, 81.1%) of FLQY2-SD (1.5 mpk, p.o./QW) in tumor-bearing mice after oral administration was higher than that of albumin-bound Paclitaxel (15 mpk, i.v./Q4D) and Irinotecan hydrochloride (100 mpk, i.p./QW). CONCLUSIONS: The successful preparation, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics studies of FLQY2-SD showed that the solubility and bioavailability of FLQY2 were improved, which facilitated the further druggability development of FLQY2.


Assuntos
Excipientes , Micelas , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Excipientes/química , Camundongos , Solubilidade
5.
Oncol Lett ; 24(4): 341, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072002

RESUMO

Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors and frequently present with a gradual onset of neurological deficits; conversely, their acute presentation with hemorrhagic onset appears to be a rare event. Nonetheless, as early surgical evacuation is the foundation of treatment, a timely diagnosis of this rare type of intracranial hemorrhage is necessary. The purpose of the present single-center study was to investigate the radiological characteristics and propose a new bleeding classification for guiding the diagnosis and treatment. A total of 19 patients consecutively diagnosed with hemorrhagic meningioma were enrolled in this retrospective study. Intracranial extra-axial mass, tumor-associated hemorrhage and peritumoral brain edema were the three main radiological features of the hemorrhagic meningiomas. The site of tumor-associated hemorrhage included the peritumoral space, subarachnoid space, subdural space, brain parenchyma and/or intratumor region. Based on the anatomical relationship between meningioma and hematoma, the spontaneous hemorrhage stemming from meningiomas was further summarized into three bleeding patterns involving purely intratumoral hemorrhage (type I), purely extratumoral hemorrhage (type II) and combined intra/extratumoral hemorrhage (type III); furthermore, the type III hemorrhage usually came from type I bleeding that extended into the surrounding regions. The symptoms in type I patients were generally mild and early surgery was performed following adequate preoperative evaluations. The symptoms in type II patients were mild in certain cases and moderate to severe in others, so early or emergency surgery was chosen according to the clinical status of the patient. Almost all type III patients had moderate to severe symptoms and these patients usually required emergency surgery. In addition, patients with different bleeding types may have different pathological mechanisms underlying the tumor bleeding. Apart from being convenient for diagnosis, this concise and practical bleeding classification may aid in the selection of the treatment strategy and facilitate the understanding of the associated mechanisms.

6.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 78(Pt 6): 642-646, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072141

RESUMO

The structure of the title com-pound, C17H20O4 [systematic name: (1aS,3aR,4aS,5aR)-15-(acet-oxy)linden-7(11),8-trieno-12,8-lactone or (4aR,5S,5aR,6aS,6bR)-5-(acet-oxy-meth-yl)-4a,5,5a,6,6a,6b-hexa-hydro-3,6b-di-methyl-cyclo-propa[2,3]indeno-[5,6-b]furan-2(4H)-one, ent-chloranthalactone C], a natural product iso-lated from the whole plant Chloranthus japonicus Sieb., is a typical lin-den-ane-type sesquiterpenoid. The mol-ecule com-prises a bi-cyclo-[3.1.0]hexane ring (A/B system) bearing an acetoxymethyl (C-4) group, a bi-cyclo-[4.3.0]nonane ring (B/C system) containing a double bond (C-8/9) and a chiral quaternary carbon (C-10), and a 7(11)-en-12,8-olide structural moiety on the cyclo-hexan-8-ene (C ring). In the tetra-cyclic skeleton, the 1,3-cyclo-propane ring has a ß-con-figuration, and atoms H-5 and H3-14 have α- and ß-orientations, respectively. In the crystal, the mol-ecules are assembled into a two-dimensional network by weak O⋯H/H⋯O inter-actions. Hirshfeld surface analysis illustrates that the greatest contributions are from H⋯H (55.2%), O⋯H/H⋯O (34.6%) and C⋯H/H⋯C (8.9%) contacts.

8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5182, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056024

RESUMO

Influenza A viruses pose a significant threat globally each year, underscoring the need for a vaccine- or antiviral-based broad-protection strategy. Here, we describe a chimeric monoclonal antibody, C12H5, that offers neutralization against seasonal and pandemic H1N1 viruses, and cross-protection against some H5N1 viruses. Notably, C12H5 mAb offers broad neutralizing activity against H1N1 and H5N1 viruses by controlling virus entry and egress, and offers protection against H1N1 and H5N1 viral challenge in vivo. Through structural analyses, we show that C12H5 engages hemagglutinin (HA), the major surface glycoprotein on influenza, at a distinct epitope overlapping the receptor binding site and covering the 140-loop. We identified eight highly conserved (~90%) residues that are essential for broad H1N1 recognition, with evidence of tolerance for Asp or Glu at position 190; this site is a molecular determinant for human or avian host-specific recognition and this tolerance endows C12H5 with cross-neutralization potential. Our results could benefit the development of antiviral drugs and the design of broad-protection influenza vaccines.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1 , Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Sítios de Ligação , Anticorpos Amplamente Neutralizantes , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza , Humanos
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4372-4376, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046864

RESUMO

The present study established an RP-HPLC method for simultaneous determination of two active components in Qingfei Paidu Granules and investigated the transfer rates of neohesperidin and naringin in the preparation process to provide references for improving the quality control standard and production of Qingfei Paidu Granules.RP-HPLC was performed on a YMC Triart C_(18) column(4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 µm)with column temperature of 30 ℃, acetonitrile(A) and 0.2% phosphoric acid solution(B) as mobile phases for gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and detection wavelength of 284 nm.Good linearity was observed for naringin at 0.10-1.0 µg(R~2=0.999 9) and neohesperidin at 0.12-1.2 µg(R~2=0.999 9).The average recovery of naringin was 99.52% with an RSD of 1.2%, and that of neohesperidin was 100.8% with an RSD of 1.2%.The transfer rates of naringin and neohesperidin between medicinal materials, extracts, concentrates, and granules were measured by this method.The average transfer rate of naringin from medicinal materials to granules was 54.89%±4.38%, and that of neohesperidin was 57.63%±5.88%.The process from medicinal materials to extracts was presumedly the key link affecting the whole preparation process.The established method is simple and sensitive and can be adopted for the quality control of Qingfei Paidu Granules.Meanwhile, it can be used to investigate the transfer rate of neohesperidin and naringin in the preparation of Qingfei Paidu Granules, and further improve the quality control standard of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus in Qingfei Paidu Granules.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Flavanonas , Hesperidina , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hesperidina/análogos & derivados
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4202-4213, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046911

RESUMO

This study aims to identify and analyze the metabolites of imperatorin in rats by UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS. Specifically, after rats were treated(ig) with imperatorin, the plasma, urine, and feces were collected, and the samples were processed by solid phase extraction. Then, UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS was performed. In MS, 0.1% formic acid water(A)-acetonitrile(B) was applied as mobile phase for gradient elution and the data of MS in both positive and negative ion modes were collected. The metabolites of imperatorin in blood, urine, and feces of rats were analyzed to explore the metabolic pathways of imperatorin in rats. According to accurate molecular weight, multistage MS data, MS fragmentation rule of the standard substance, and previous reports, a total of 51 metabolites were identified, with 35, 40, and 16 from plasma, urine, and feces, separately. The main metabolic pathways were oxidization, glucuronidation, isopentenyl removal, sulphation, carboxylation, among others. The conclusion in this study is expected to serve as a reference for the further development and the further pharmacodynamics study of imperatorin.


Assuntos
Plasma , Extração em Fase Sólida , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fezes , Furocumarinas , Ratos
11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 426, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050636

RESUMO

Modes of floral presentation in some angiosperms attract flies that eat and/or oviposit on seasonal fruiting bodies of fungi. Mushroom mimesis by orchid flowers has been speculated in the geoflorous, Indo-Malaysian-Australasian, genus Corybas s.l. for decades but most studies remain fragmentary and are often inconclusive. Here we report the roles of fungus gnats as pollinators of Corybas geminigibbus and C. shanlinshiensis in southwestern Yunnan, China, combining results of field observations, lab analyses, and manipulative experiments. Hand pollination experiments suggested both species were self-compatible but incapable of mechanical self-pollination, thereby requiring pollinators for fruit production. A female of a Phthinia sp. (Mycetophilidae) carried a pollinarium of C. geminigibbus dorsally on its thorax. Two females and one male of Exechia sp. (Mycetophilidae) visiting flowers of C. shanlinshiensis carried dorsal depositions of pollinaria on their thoraces. Mycetophilid eggs were not found in the flowers of either species. The comparative fragrance analyses of these flowers and three co-fruiting mushroom species did not suggest that either orchid species was a brood-site mimic. This is the first confirmation of the dispersal of pollinaria of Corybas species by fungus gnats in subtropical-temperate Asia.


Assuntos
Orchidaceae , Polinização , Animais , China , Flores , Fungos , Melhoramento Vegetal
12.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(20): 6936-6943, 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteopetrosis is a family of extremely rare diseases caused by failure of osteoclasts and impaired bone resorption. Among them, autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II (ADO II), related to the chloride channel 7 (CLCN7) gene, is the most frequent form of osteopetrosis. In this study, we report a de novo mutation of CLCN7 in a patient without the family history of ADO II. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old Chinese boy with ADO II was found to have a de novo mutation in the CLCN7 gene [c.746C>T (p.P249L)]. Typical clinical manifestations, including thickening of the cortex of spinal bones and long bones, non-traumatic fracture of the femoral neck, and femoral head necrosis, were found in this patient. The patient is the first reported case of ADO II with the missense mutation c.746C>T (p.P249L) of the CLCN7 gene reported in China. We also review the available literature on ADO II-related CLCN7 mutations, including baseline patient clinical features, special clinical significance, and common mutations. CONCLUSION: Our report will enrich the understanding of mutations in ADO II patients. The possibility of a de novo mutation should be considered in individuals who have no family history of osteopetrosis.

13.
Front Psychol ; 13: 933701, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051204

RESUMO

Poverty alleviation consumption, which we call altruistic consumption, has become a new effective way to help vulnerable groups, but there are a few empirical researches on poverty alleviation through consumption. This article takes China's poverty alleviation actions as the research object, investigates and studies the relationship between altruistic consumption motivations and altruistic consumption behaviors that aim for vulnerable groups. It is found that altruistic consumption behavior is mainly affected by benefit group motivation, benefit morality motivation, benefit demander motivation, and benefit supplier motivation. There is a correspondence between the four altruistic consumption motivations and the four altruistic consumption behaviors. The strength of altruistic consumption motivations changes with changes in altruistic buying behavior. The strength of benefit group motivation decreases with the increase in the times of altruistic purchases, while the strength of benefit morality motivation, benefit demander motivation, and benefit supplier motivation increase with the increase in the times of altruistic purchases. Among the four kinds of altruistic consumption motivations that affect the times of altruistic purchases, the benefit demander motivation has a relatively greater influence. The results of this study have important guiding significance for vulnerable groups to formulating targeted proactive marketing strategies, preventing the altruistic consumption relationship dissolution, and realizing sustainable altruistic consumption.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 988567, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052227

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most significant neoplasms with high morbidity and mortality. Activation of the programmed death protein 1/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) signaling pathway results in tumor immune evasion by suppressing the activity of T cells. The correlation of soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) in serum/plasma with clinicopathological features, lymph node metastasis, diagnosis and prognosis is less clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sPD-L1 and clinicopathological features, and diagnosis potentialof CRC. Three hundred patients with CRC were included in this study. sPD-L1 was measured by ELISA. Pretreatment levels of sPD-L1 were significantly elevated in CRC patient sera compared to healthy control (HC) (P<0.001). The median value of sPD-L1 in HC, CRC with non-lymph node metastasis, and CRC with lymph node metastasis were 246.78±50.2pg/mL, 284.12±52.7pg/mL, and 321.31±55.3pg/mL, respectively. ROC analysis of sPD-L1 allowed significant differentiation between HC group and CRC group (lymph node metastasis and non lymph node metastasis (AUC=0.861, 95% CI 0.830-0.887, p<0.001). sPD-L1 is a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of CRC. Multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and tumor differentiation were independent prognostic factors (all P< 0.01), and sPD-L1 was not correlated with the CRC prognosis (p>0.05).

15.
Indian J Orthop ; 56(9): 1506-1524, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052392

RESUMO

Background: Studies of clinical outcomes that compare the Medial Pivot design (MP) with the Posterior-Stabilized design (PS) were controversial. The meta-analysis was performed to summarize existing evidence, aiming to determine whether MP was superior to PS prosthesis. Methods: Search strategies followed the recommendations of the Cochrane collaboration. Electronic searches such as PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane were systematically searched for publications concerning medical pivot and posterior stabilized prosthesis from the inception date to April 2021. Authors also manually checked and retrieved a reference list of included publications for potential studies, which the electronic searches had not found. Two investigators independently searched, screened, and reviewed the full text of the article. Disagreements generated throughout the process were resolved by consensus, and if divergences remain, they were arbitrated by a third author. Subsequently, patients were divided into the MP and PS groups. Results: This study included 18 articles, comprising a total of 2614 patients with a similar baseline. The results showed the PS group had a higher risk of the patellar clunk or crepitus. However, the theoretical advantages of MP prosthesis could not translate to the difference in knee function, clinical complications, revision rate and satisfaction. Similarly, the shape and mechanism of prostheses could not affect the implant position and postoperative alignment. Conclusions: The MP prosthesis can reduce the patellar clunk or crepitus rate. However, choices between the MP and PS prosthesis would not affect knee function, clinical complications, revision rate, patient satisfaction, implant position, and postoperative alignment.

16.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To thoroughly explore the values of Cinnamomum cassia leaf residues (CcLR), their antioxidant activity in vivo and the relationship with gut microbiota were investigated using d-galactose-induced aging mice. RESULTS: Results showed that CcLR extract treatment exerted antioxidant activity by increasing the levels of superoxide dismutase (P < 0.01) and glutathione peroxidase (P < 0.05), as well as inhibiting the formation of malondialdehyde (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, the inflammatory response was also alleviated as the ratio of pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor-α (P < 0.01) and interleukin-1ß (P < 0.01))/anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-10; P < 0.05) in serum was decreased and the contents of inflammatory markers (induced nitrogen monoxide synthase and nitric oxide) in brain and liver tissues (P < 0.01) were reduced. Moreover, through inhibiting acetylcholinesterase activity and improving choline acetyltransferase activity, the cholinergic system in aging mice recovered to levels comparable to the normal control group. In addition, 16S rRNA sequencing results demonstrated that CcLR extract promoted the growth of beneficial bacteria. In particular, Spearman correlation analysis revealed that the abundance of Colidextribacter was negatively correlated with serum superoxide dismutase (P < 0.05, R = -0.943), and Helicobacter displayed a positive correlation with the content of brain nitric oxide (P < 0.05, R = 0.899), suggesting that regulating gut microbiota might be one of the mechanisms for reducing oxidative stress, thus postponing the aging process. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that CcLR extract could be used as a novel antioxidant and anti-aging resource in the pharmaceutical and food industries. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

17.
J Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053318

RESUMO

The development of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly associated with G-quadruplex (G4); thus, targeting G4 is a potential strategy for TNBC therapy. Because concomitant histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibition could amplify the impact of G4-targeting compounds, we designed and synthesized two novel series of G4/HDAC dual-targeting compounds by connecting the zinc-binding pharmacophore of HDAC inhibitors to the G4-targeting isaindigotone scaffold (1). Among the new compounds, a6 with the potent HDAC inhibitory and G4 stabilizing activity could induce more DNA G4 formation than SAHA and 1 in TNBC cells. Remarkably, a6 caused more G4-related DNA damage and G4-related differentially expressed genes, consistent with its effect on disrupting the cell cycle, invasion, and glycolysis. Furthermore, a6 significantly suppresses the proliferation of various TNBC cells and the MDA-MB-231 xenograft model without evident toxicity. Our study suggests a novel strategy for TNBC therapeutics through dual-targeting HDAC and G4.

18.
J Aquat Anim Health ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063081

RESUMO

High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was a highly conserved nuclear protein and participated in the immune response under pathogens in bony fish. In this study, the structure and function of HMGB1 in Schizothorax prenanti was investigated. Structurally, SpHMGB1 had the conserved A box, B box and acid tail compared with zebrafish and mice. qRT-PCR analysis showed that SpHMGB1 universal expressed in various tissues, with the highest expression in the middle kidney. In vivo, SpHMGB1 were significant induced to response to the Streptococcus agalactiae infected in the blood and spleen. Synthetic SpHMGB1-B box peptide activated respiratory burst and up-regulated the expression of IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-10, IRF1, IRF7, CXCL11-1, CXCL11-2 and TLR4 of macrophages. This study suggested that SpHMGB1 participated in the response to bacterial pathogens and SpHMGB1-B box peptide played an important role in mediating immune response of Schizothorax prenanti.

19.
Dermatol Ther ; : e15812, 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088631

RESUMO

Cutaneous pseudolymphomas (CPL) is a group of benign, reactive, and polyclonal lymphoproliferative dermatoses that simulate cutaneous lymphomas (CL) clinically and histologically. Based on the predominating component of lymphocytic infiltrate, CPL can be divided into cutaneous B-cell pseudolymphomas (CBPL), cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphomas (CTPL), mixed (T-/B-cell) pseudolymphomas, CD30-positive pseudolymphomas, and non-classifiable pseudolymphomas. Most patients with localized nodular CBPL present with a solitary nodule. However, few patients develop multiple skin lesions, rarely in generalized forms. Here we describe a rare case of multiple nodular CBPL on both sides of the patient's neck, which was treated successfully with intramuscular injection of compound betamethasone, oral methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine for 4 months. No recurrence was observed in the patient at the one-year follow-up. This combined treatment may be a promising treatment choice for multiple nodular CBPL. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 994567, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119616

RESUMO

TCP proteins are plant-specific transcription factors, which are involved in a broad range of physiological processes of plant growth and development. However, the origin and evolutionary history of this gene family is not fully resolved. Here, we present a genome-wide survey of TCP genes in 59 species (including 42 genomes and 17 transcriptomes) covering all main lineages of green plants, and reconstruct the evolutionary history of this gene family. Our results suggested that the origin of TCP genes predated the emergence of land plants, possibly in the common ancestor of Phragmoplastophyta. The TCP gene family gradually experienced a continuous expansion and grew from a few members in algae, moss and lycophytes to dozens, and sometimes over 50 members in angiosperms. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that at least four subclades (Class I and three subclades of Class II) have been occurred in the ancestor of spermatophyte (seed plant). Both dispersed duplication and segmental duplication or whole-genome duplication (WGD) contributed significantly to the expansion of the TCP gene family over the course of evolution. Our findings provide a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the TCP gene family and highlight the importance of gene duplications in the evolution of this plant-specific transcription factors.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...