Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 796
Filtrar
1.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957080

RESUMO

Developing female human germ cells undergo genome-wide epigenetic reprogramming, but de novo DNA methylation dynamics and their interplay with chromatin states and transcriptional activation in developing oocytes is poorly understood. Here, we developed a single-cell multi-omics sequencing method, scChaRM-seq, that enables simultaneous profiling of the DNA methylome, transcriptome, and chromatin accessibility in single human oocytes and ovarian somatic cells. We observed a global increase in DNA methylation during human oocyte growth that correlates with chromatin accessibility, whereas increases of DNA methylation at specific features were associated with active transcription. Integrated analyses of multi-omics data from humans and mice revealed species-specific gene expression, and promoter accessibility contributes to gene body methylation programs. Alu elements retained low DNA methylation levels and high accessibility in early growing oocytes and were located near developmental genes in humans and mice. Together, these findings show how scChaRM-seq can provide insight into DNA methylation pattern establishment.

2.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-15, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970748

RESUMO

Secondary spinal cord injury is the inflammatory damage to surrounding tissues caused by activated microglial-mediated neuroinflammatory responses. The nuclear factor-κB (p65/p50) pathway and PU.1 are closely correlated with inflammatory responses; thus, we examined the relationship and function between PU.1 and p50 in secondary spinal cord injury. In this study, we established an adult rat acute spinal cord injury model to simulate the pathological process of spinal cord injury. We found that the expression of PU.1 was significantly increased at three days after spinal cord injury and mainly expressed in activated microglia. Moreover, p-p50 expression was increased in SCI rats and the protein interacted with PU.1. Lipopolysaccharide was used to induce microglia activation in vitro. The results showed that PU.1 and p-p50 expression was significantly increased and PU.1 interacted with p50 in the nucleus. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß secreted by microglia were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed that when both PU.1 and p50 were overexpressed, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß secretion was significantly increased to levels higher than in cells overexpressing PU.1 or p50 alone. These results suggest that PU.1 and p50 interact to promote p65 transcription and the expression of inflammatory factors, which is an important mechanism of the microglial-mediated inflammatory response to secondary injury after spinal cord injury.

3.
Curr Microbiol ; 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974098

RESUMO

Strain CZZ-1T was isolated from long-term TBBPA-contaminated soil Zaozhuang city, Shandong province, People's Republic of China. CZZ-1T was pink-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and aerobic. The 16S rRNA gene analysis indicated that strain CZZ-1T shows high similarities to Fluviicola taffensis DSM 16823T (92.6%) and Fluviicola hefeinensis KACC 16597T (92.5%) and less than 91% sequence similarities to other genus or species in the family Crocinitomicaceae. It was able to grow at 10-37 °C, with 0-6% (w/v) NaCl. It could hydrolyze gelatin, but could not reduce nitrates to nitrites. The predominant fatty acids of strain CZZ-1T were iso-C15:0 (51.3%), C15:0 2-OH (11.0%), iso-C17:0 3-OH (8.0%), C14: 0 (7.0%), iso-C15:1 G (6.8%) and Summed Feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c, 4.4%). The polar lipid profile was composed of five unidentified lipids, two unidentified phospholipids, one phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified glycolipid. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-6. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CZZ-1T was 41.5 mol%. Based on data from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analysis in this study, strain CZZ-1T represents a novel species in a new genus in the family Crocinitomicaceae, for which the name Taishania pollutisoli gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CZZ-1T (= KCTC 52343T = GDMCC 1.2270T).

4.
Vet Microbiol ; 257: 109096, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940459

RESUMO

Receptors for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) could competitively combine with mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) to inhibit the type I interferon (IFN) signaling pathway during viral infection in vitro. However, whether RACK1 can degrade MAVS to enhance viral replication is still unknown. In this study, we found that bovine epidemic fever virus (BEFV) infection triggered the expression of RACK1. Overexpression of RACK1 promoted BEFV replication, while knockdown of RACK1 inhibited the replication of BEFV. Further research showed that RACK1 inhibited the type I IFN signaling pathway during BEFV infection by degrading MAVS, and RACK1 degraded MAVS via the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Mechanistically, RACK1 up-regulated the expression of E3 ubiquitin ligase STIP1 homology and U-box containing protein 1 (STUB1), thereby promoting the ubiquitination and degradation of MAVS. In addition, RACK1 degraded MAVS by enhancing the interaction between STUB1 and MAVS but not via its interaction with STUB1. Overall, our study reveals a novel mechanism by which RACK1 inhibits the type I IFN signaling pathway to BEFV infection through degradation of MAVS, thereby promoting viral infection. These findings provide a new perspective for the MAVS degradation regulated by RACK1.

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(4): 1230-1240, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899391

RESUMO

In this study, desert grassland, grassland edge, shrubland edge, shrubland were selec-ted as four transition sites in a nearly 30 years typical desert grassland-shrubland mosaic formed by anthropogenic shrub introduction. Soil properties and soil microbial characteristics under vegetation patches and bare interspace in each site were investigated to examine the responses of soil nitrogen to the desert grassland-shrubland state transition. It was shown that the aboveground biomass increased with transition from desert grassland to shrubland. Annual herbs increased largely with the introduction of shrubs. Soil moisture, microbial biomass and total nitrogen and carbon decreased with the transition. The abundance of microogranisms was lower in grassland edge and shrubland edge, and then increased in shrubland, which was slightly higher than that of desert grassland. With respect to nitrogen, nitrate content reached the highest level of 28.45 mg N·kg-1 and ammonium reached the lowest level of 4.81 mg N·kg-1 in shrubland, which were significantly increased by 52.3% and decreased by 10.4% compared with desert grassland. In addition, soil moisture and microbial biomass nitrogen was positively correlated across all sites. The relationship between mine-ralized nitrogen and soil moisture was non-linear, as they were positively correlated in desert grassland and grassland edge, but negatively correlated in shrubland edge and shrubland. During the 30-year transition from desert grassland to shrubland, our results showed that soil total nitrogen and microbial biomass nitrogen were significantly decreased, but mineralized nitrogen, especially for nitrate, significantly increased over time, indicating that soil nitrification was inhibited in desert grassland but accelerated in shrubland.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Solo , Carbono/análise , China , Ecossistema , Pradaria , Nitrogênio/análise
6.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E376-E378, 2021 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891540

RESUMO

We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient with blunt brachiocephalic trunk injury, who was given low-dose dexmedetomidine (DEX) for 2 weeks to help smoothly pass the preparation period before the recanalization operation. Because the patient's vital signs were stable after the injury, the surgeon did not perform emergency surgery. Taking into account the characteristics of blunt brachiocephalic trunk injury, it is necessary to avoid damage to or even rupture of brachiocephalic trunk resulting from irritability and high blood pressure. Patients should be sedated to avoid hemodynamic fluctuations that may be caused by cerebral ischemia and restlessness, and based on the patient's neurological symptoms, prevention or treatment of perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs) cannot be ignored. Therefore, the choice of drugs for bridging the preoperative preparation stage is crucial. DEX is an α2-adrenergic receptor agonist with antianxiety, analgesic, and sedative effects. It can also stabilize hemodynamics, regulate neuroinflammation, and provide neuroprotection. Instead of using either ß-adrenergic receptor antagonists or sedatives, the patient received only low-dose DEX during preoperative preparation. DEX achieved the effects of ß-adrenergic receptor blockers, vasodilators, and other sedatives, and it also had certain benefits for the patient's PND. In short, based on our understanding of the relevant physiological factors, risk factors of brachiocephalic trunk injury, and the effects of DEX, low-dose DEX provides a good option for preoperative management in a patient with blunt brachiocephalic trunk injury.

7.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-14, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874804

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate psychological distress and scrutinized whether family resilience plays a moderating role in the association between infertility-related stress and psychological distress among infertile females preparing for their first IVF-ET. A total of 492 infertile females completed self-reported measures including the Kessler 10 Psychological Distress Scale (K10), the fertility problem inventory (FPI), and the Family Resilience Assessment Scale (FRAS). The results showed 21 (65.2%) participants reported moderate or higher levels of psychological distress. While controlling for economic status, we found psychological distress to be positively linked to infertility-related stress (ß=0.483, P<0.001), and negatively related to family resilience (ß=-0.145, P=0.001). The simple slopes analysis showed that infertility-related stress had a weaker positive association with psychological distress for individuals at 1 SD (ß = 0.443, P < 0.001) above the mean on family resilience compared to those at 1 SD (ß = 0.537, P < 0.001) below the mean. Thus, it suggests that clinical practice should conduct family resilience-oriented interventions to facilitate family resilience among infertile females preparing for their first IVF-ET, with the goal to reduce psychological distress.

8.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-46, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840358

RESUMO

Influenza H3N8 viruses have been recovered frequently from wild bird species, including Anseriformes (primarily from migratory ducks) and Charadriiformes (primarily from shorebirds). However, little attention has been given to the transmission ability of H3N8 avian influenza viruses among mammals. Here, we study the potential human health threat and the molecular basis of mammalian transmissibility of H3N8 avian influenza viruses isolated from wild bird reservoirs. We classified eight H3N8 viruses into seven different genotypes based on genomic diversity. Six of eight H3N8 viruses isolated naturally from wild birds have acquired the ability to bind to the human-type receptor. However, the affinity for α-2,6-linked SAs was lower than that for α-2,3-linked SAs. Experiments on guinea pigs demonstrated that three viruses transmitted efficiently to direct-contact guinea pigs without prior adaptation. Notably, one virus transmitted efficiently via respiratory droplets in guinea pigs but not in ferrets. We further found that the PB1 S524G mutation conferred T222 virus airborne transmissibility between ferrets. We also determined that the 524G mutant increased viral pathogenicity slightly in mice compared with the WT (wild type). Based on these results, we elucidated the potential human health threat and molecular basis of mammalian transmissibility of H3N8 influenza viruses. We emphasized the need for continued surveillance of the H3N8 influenza viruses circulating in birds.

12.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 88, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes derived from longitudinal self-reported health-related quality of life measures can be confounded by response shift. This study was aimed to detect response shift among patients with hypertension attending a community-based disease management program. METHODS: 240 consecutive consulting or follow-up patients with diagnosed hypertension were recruited. The Short Form 36-item Health Survey was self-administered at 12 community health service stations at baseline and four weeks after attending the program. The 4-step structural equation modeling approach assessed response shift. RESULTS: Data from 203 (84.6%) patients were eligible for analyses (mean age 65.9 ± 10.8 years, 46.3% female). The results showed uniform recalibration of social functioning ([Formula: see text](1) = 22.98, P < 0.001), and non-uniform recalibration of role limitations due to physical problems ([Formula: see text](1) = 8.84, P = 0.003), and bodily pain ([Formula: see text](1) = 17.41, P < 0.001). The effects of response shift on social functioning were calculated as "small" (effect-size = 0.35), but changed the observed changes from improvement (effect-size = 0.25) to slight deterioration (effect-size = -0.10). After accounting for the response shift effect, the general physical health of participants was improved (effect-size = 0.37), while deterioration (effect-size = -0.21) in the general mental health was also found. CONCLUSIONS: Recalibration existed among patients with hypertension attending the disease management program. The interventions in the program might act as a catalyst that induced the response shift. We conclude that response shift should be considered in hypertension research with longitudinal health-related quality of life data.

13.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(3): e0009227, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647020

RESUMO

Since its first emergence in 2012, cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have continued to occur. At the end of January 2020, 2519 laboratory confirmed cases with a case-fatality rate of 34.3% have been reported. Approximately 84% of human cases have been reported in the tropical region of Saudi Arabia. The emergence of MERS-CoV has highlighted need for a rapid and accurate assay to triage patients with a suspected infection in a timely manner because of the lack of an approved vaccine or an effective treatment for MERS-CoV to prevent and control potential outbreaks. In this study, we present two rapid and visual nucleic acid assays that target the MERS-CoV UpE and N genes as a panel that combines reverse transcription recombinase polymerase amplification with a closed vertical flow visualization strip (RT-RPA-VF). This test panel was designed to improve the diagnostic accuracy through dual-target screening after referencing laboratory testing guidance for MERS-CoV. The limit of detection was 1.2×101 copies/µl viral RNA for the UpE assay and 1.2 copies/µl viral RNA for the N assay, with almost consistent with the sensitivity of the RT-qPCR assays. The two assays exhibited no cross-reactivity with multiple CoVs, including the bat severe acute respiratory syndrome related coronavirus (SARSr-CoV), the bat coronavirus HKU4, and the human coronaviruses 229E, OC43, HKU1 and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Furthermore, the panel does not require sophisticated equipment and provides rapid detection within 30 min. This panel displays good sensitivity and specificity and may be useful to rapidly detect MERS-CoV early during an outbreak and for disease surveillance.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Transcrição Reversa , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética
14.
Biomed Mater ; 16(3): 035023, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660616

RESUMO

Infertile people who suffered from loss of uterine structures and/or functions can be treated through gestational surrogacy or uterus transplantation, which remains challenging due to the ethical and social issues, the lack of donor organs as well as technical and safety risks. One promising solution is to regenerate and reconstruct a bioartificial uterus for transplantation through the engineering of uterine architecture and appropriate cellular constituents. Here, we developed a well-defined system to regenerate a functional rat uterine through recellularization of the decellularized uterine matrix (DUM) patches reseeded with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Engraftment of the recellularized DUMs on the partially excised uteri yielded a functional rat uterus with a pregnancy rate and number of fetuses per uterine horn comparable to that of the control group with an intact uterus. Particularly, the recellularized DUMs enhanced the regeneration of traumatic uterine in vivo because of MSC regulation. The established system here will shed light on the treatment of uterine infertility with heterogeneous DUMs/cell resources through tissue engineering in the future.

15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(1): 52-7, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), microglia marker ion calcium adaptor protein (Iba-1) and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) in the prefrontal cortex of chronic stress-induced depression rats, so as to explore its antidepressant mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, acupuncture and fluoxetine groups, with 8 rats in each group. The depression model was established by using chronic mild unpredictable stress methods for 6 weeks. Manual acupuncture stimulation was applied to "Baihui" (GV20) and "Yintang" (GV29) for 10 min before modeling for 6 weeks. Fluoxetine (10 mg/kg, 1 mg/mL) was given to rats of the fluoxetine group by gavage before stress stimulation, once every day for 6 weeks. The open field test was used to evaluate the behavioral changes of rats. The contents of IL-1ß, IL-6 in the prefrontal cortex were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of Iba-1 in the prefrontal cortex. The TREM2 gene expression in the prefrontal cortex was determined by real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: After modeling, the crossing numbers and rearing times were significantly decreased in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the crossing numbers were significantly increased in the acupuncture and fluoxetine groups (P<0.05), while the rearing times in the acupuncture group were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the contents of IL-1ß, IL-6 and the expression of Iba-1 positive cells in the prefrontal cortex were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.05), while the expression of TREM2 gene in the prefrontal cortex was significantly decreased (P<0.05). After the treatment, the increased levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and Iba-1 positive cells and the decreased TREM2 gene expression were considerably reversed in both acupuncture and fluoxetine groups compared with the model group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture intervention plays a positive role in anti-depression in rats, which may be related to its effects in inhibiting the activation of microglia, reducing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, and increasing TREM2 expression in the prefrontal cortex.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Depressão , Animais , Depressão/genética , Depressão/terapia , Hipocampo , Microglia , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(1): 793-802, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545801

RESUMO

Since its initial approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2014, the indications for the use of the immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has increased. However, to date, there has no report on immune myocarditis caused by the ICI sintilimab. In addition, there has been no literature review on ICI-induced myocarditis in lung cancer patients. This is a case report of an elderly male patient who presented with a productive cough and progressive dysphagia for 3 days. The symptoms started on day 6 after the third cycle of sintilimab treatment for his lung carcinoma. In accordance with his clinical manifestations of progressive dysphagia, a previous history of lung cancer, abnormal electrocardiograph, significantly increased serum myocardial enzyme levels, and normal coronary angiography results, sintilimab-induced myocarditis was diagnosed. Methylprednisolone (80-40 mg) was used to inhibit the immune injury and the patient was safely discharged on the 13th day following admission. Since ICI-induced myocarditis is rare and fatal, we summarized the characteristics of 20 cases of the disease in lung cancer patients to highlight to oncologists, respiratory experts, and cardiologists the serious side effects of the drug when they encounter lung cancer patients using ICIs. Like most ICIs, sintilimab induces severe immune myocarditis and requires corticosteroids therapy, and this should be recognized by doctors in multiple departments.

17.
Epilepsy Behav ; 116: 107740, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility, patient satisfaction, and financial advantages of telemedicine for epilepsy ambulatory care during the current COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of all consecutive patients evaluated via telemedicine at a level 4 epilepsy center between March 20 and April 20, 2020 were obtained retrospectively from electronic medical records. A telephone survey to assess patient satisfaction and preferences was conducted within one month following the initial visit. RESULTS: Among 223 telehealth patients, 85.7% used both synchronous audio and video technology. During the visits, 39% of patients had their anticonvulsants adjusted while 18.8% and 11.2% were referred to laboratory/diagnostic testing and specialty consults, respectively. In a post-visit survey, the highest degree of satisfaction with care was expressed by 76.9% of patients. The degree of satisfaction tended to increase the further a patient lived from the clinic (p = 0.05). Beyond the pandemic, 89% of patients reported a preference for continuing telemedicine if their epilepsy symptoms remained stable, while only 44.4% chose telemedicine should their symptoms worsen. Inclement weather and lack of transportation were factors favoring continued use of telemedicine. An estimated cost saving to patient attributed to telemedicine was $30.20 ±â€¯3.8 per visit. SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings suggest that epilepsy care via telemedicine provided high satisfaction and economic benefit, without compromising patients' quality of care, thereby supporting the use of virtual care during current and future epidemiological fallouts. Beyond the current pandemic, patients with stable seizure symptoms may prefer to use telemedicine for their epilepsy care.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Epilepsia/terapia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Satisfação do Paciente , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/tendências
18.
Cell Res ; 31(5): 526-541, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608671

RESUMO

The pluripotency of mammalian early and late epiblast could be recapitulated by naïve embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primed epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs), respectively. However, these two states of pluripotency may not be sufficient to reflect the full complexity and developmental potency of the epiblast during mammalian early development. Here we report the establishment of self-renewing formative pluripotent stem cells (fPSCs) which manifest features of epiblast cells poised for gastrulation. fPSCs can be established from different mouse ESCs, pre-/early-gastrula epiblasts and induced PSCs. Similar to pre-/early-gastrula epiblasts, fPSCs show the transcriptomic features of formative pluripotency, which are distinct from naïve ESCs and primed EpiSCs. fPSCs show the unique epigenetic states of E6.5 epiblast, including the super-bivalency of a large set of developmental genes. Just like epiblast cells immediately before gastrulation, fPSCs can efficiently differentiate into three germ layers and primordial germ cells (PGCs) in vitro. Thus, fPSCs highlight the feasibility of using PSCs to explore the development of mammalian epiblast.

19.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 73: 105486, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639530

RESUMO

In this work, low-intensity ultrasonication (58.3 and 93.6 W/L) was performed at lag, logarithmic and stationary growth phases of Lactobacillus plantarum in apple juice fermentation, separately. Microbial responses to sonication, including microbial growth, profiles of organic acids profile, amino acids, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity, were examined. The results revealed that obvious responses were made by Lactobacillus plantarum to ultrasonication at lag and logarithmic phases, whereas sonication at stationary phase had a negligible impact. Sonication at lag and logarithmic phases promoted microbial growth and intensified biotransformation of malic acid to lactic acid. For example, after sonication at lag phase for 0.5 h, microbial count and lactic acid content in the ultrasound-treated samples at 58.3 W/L reached 7.91 ± 0.01 Log CFU/mL and 133.70 ± 7.39 mg/L, which were significantly higher than that in the non-sonicated samples. However, the ultrasonic effect on microbial growth and metabolism of organic acids attenuated with fermentation. Moreover, ultrasonication at lag and logarithmic phases had complex influences on the metabolism of apple phenolics such as chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, procyanidin B2, catechin and gallic acid. Ultrasound could positively affect the hydrolysis of chlorogenic acid to caffeic acid, the transformation of procyanidin B2 and decarboxylation of gallic acid. The metabolism of organic acids and free amino acids in the sonicated samples was statistically correlated with phenolic metabolism, implying that ultrasound may benefit phenolic derivation by improving the microbial metabolism of organic acids and amino acids.

20.
JMIR Ment Health ; 8(2): e22705, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 epidemic may elevate mental distress and depressive symptoms in various populations in China. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the levels of depression and mental distress due to COVID-19, and the associations between cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial factors, and depression and mental distress due to COVID-19 among university students in China. METHODS: A large-scale online cross-sectional study (16 cities in 13 provinces) was conducted among university students from February 1 to 10, 2020, in China; 23,863 valid questionnaires were returned. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to assess depression. Structural equation modeling was performed to test mediation and suppression effects. RESULTS: Of the 23,863 participants, 47.1% (n=11,235) reported high or very high levels of one or more types of mental distress due to COVID-19; 39.1% (n=9326) showed mild to severe depression. Mental distress due to COVID-19 was positively associated with depression. All but one factor (perceived infection risks, perceived chance of controlling the epidemic, staying at home, contacted people from Wuhan, and perceived discrimination) were significantly associated with mental distress due to COVID-19 and depression. Mental distress due to COVID-19 partially mediated and suppressed the associations between some of the studied factors and depression (effect size of 6.0%-79.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Both mental distress due to COVID-19 and depression were prevalent among university students in China; the former may have increased the prevalence of the latter. The studied cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial factors related to COVID-19 may directly or indirectly (via mental distress due to COVID-19) affect depression. Interventions to modify such factors may reduce mental distress and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...