Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.156
Filtrar
1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 134: 112203, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705030

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, a recently discovered form of non-apoptotic cell death, has the potential to revolutionize anti-tumor therapy. This review highlights the regulatory mechanisms and immunogenic properties of ferroptosis, and how it can enhance the effectiveness of radio and immunotherapies in overcoming tumor resistance. However, tumor metabolism and the impact of ferroptosis on the tumor microenvironment present challenges in completely realizing its therapeutic potential. A deeper understanding of the effects of ferroptosis on tumor cells and their associated immune cells is essential for developing more effective tumor treatment strategies. This review offers a comprehensive overview of the relationship between ferroptosis and tumor immunity, and sheds new light on its application in tumor immunotherapy.

2.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698257

RESUMO

Protein adducts are important biological targets for traceability of organophosphorus nerve agents (OPNAs). Currently, the recognized biomarkers that can be used in actual samples in the field of chemical forensics only include Y411 in albumin and the active nonapeptide in butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). To explore stable and reliable protein adducts and increase the accuracy of OPNAs traceability further, we gradually expanded OPNAs-albumin adducts based on single and group adduct collection. Several stable peptides were found via LC-MS/MS analysis in human serum albumin (HSA) exposed to OPNAs in a large exposure range. These adducts were present in HSA samples exposed to OPNAs of each concentration, which provided data support for the reliability and stability of using adducts to trace OPNAs. Meanwhile, the formation mechanism of OPNAs-cysteine adduct was clarified via computer simulations. Then, these active sites found and modified peptides were used as raw materials for progressive expansion of albumin adducts. We constructed an OPNAs-HSA adducts group, in which a specific agent is the exposure source, and three or more active peptides constitute data sets for OPNAs traceability. Compared with single or scattered protein adducts, the OPNAs-HSA adduct group improves OPNAs identification by mutual verification using active peptides or by narrowing the identity range of the exposure source. We also determined the minimum detectable concentration of OPNAs for the adduct group. Two or more peptides can be detected when there is an exposure of 50 times the molar excess of OPNAs in relation to HSA. This improved the accuracy of OPNAs exposure and identity confirmation. A collection of OPNAs-albumin adducts was also examined. The collection was established by collecting, classifying, and integrating the existing albumin adducts according to the species to which each albumin belongs, the types of agents, and protease. This method can serve as a reference for discovering new albumin adducts, characteristic phosphonylated peptides, and potential biomarkers. In addition, to avoid a false negative for OPNAs traceability using albumin adducts, we explored OPNAs-cholinesterase adducts because cholinesterase is more reactive with OPNAs than albumin. Seven active peptides in red blood cell acetylcholinesterase (RBC AChE) and serum BChE can assist in OPNAs exposure and identity confirmation.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 669: 305-313, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718584

RESUMO

The performance of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) at sub-ambient temperatures is limited by the resistive interphases due to electrolyte decomposition, particularly on the anode surface. In this study, lithium fluorosulfonate (LFS) was added to commercial electrolytes to enhance the low-temperature electrochemical performance of LiFePO4 (LFP)/graphite (Gr) pouch cells. The addition of LFS significantly reduced the charge transfer resistance of the anode, substantially extending the cycle life and discharge capacity of commercial LFP/Gr pouch cells at -10 and -30 °C. Compared with the capacity retention rate of the baseline electrolyte at -10 °C (80 % after 25cycles), the capacity retention rate of the LFS electrolyte after 100 cycles under 0.5 C/0.5 C was retained at 94 %. Further mechanistic studies showed that the LFS additive induced the formation of a solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film comprising inorganic-rich LiF, Li2SO4, and additional organic fluorides and sulfides to maintain good stability at the Gr/electrolyte interface during low-temperature operation. LFS suppressed electrolyte decomposition by forming a robust and low-resistance SEI film on the anode. These results demonstrate that LFS is a promising electrolyte additive for low-temperature LFP/Gr pouch cells.

4.
Brain ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701344

RESUMO

The implication of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2C receptor (5-HT2CR) in depression is a topic of debate, and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. We now elucidate hippocampal excitation-inhibition (E/I) balance underlies the regulatory effects of 5-HT2CR in depression. Molecular biological analyses showed that chronic mild stress (CMS) reduced the expression of 5-HT2CR in hippocampus. We revealed that inhibition of 5-HT2CR induced depressive-like behaviors, reduced GABA release and shifted the E/I balance towards excitation in CA3 pyramidal neurons by using behavioral analyses, microdialysis coupled with mass spectrum, and electrophysiological recording. Moreover, 5-HT2CR modulated neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of nNOS (CAPON) interaction through influencing intracellular Ca2+ release, as determined by fiber photometry and coimmunoprecipitation. Notably, disruption of nNOS-CAPON by specific small molecule compound ZLc-002 or AAV-CMV-CAPON-125C-GFP, abolished 5-HT2CR inhibition-induced depressive-like behaviors, as well as the impairment in soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex assembly-mediated GABA vesicle release and a consequent E/I imbalance. Importantly, optogenetic inhibition of CA3 GABAergic neurons prevented the effects of AAV-CMV-CAPON-125C-GFP on depressive behaviors in the presence of 5-HT2CR antagonist. Conclusively, our findings disclose the regulatory role of 5-HT2CR in depressive-like behaviors and highlight the hippocampal nNOS-CAPON coupling-triggered E/I imbalance as a pivotal cellular event underpinning the behavioral consequences of 5-HT2CR inhibition.

5.
Arch Virol ; 169(5): 114, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) is a distinct molecular subtype of gastric cancer (GC). At present, the clinical characteristics and prognostic implications of EBV infection and the potential clinical benefits of immune checkpoint blockade in GC remain to be clarified. Hence, this study was designed to analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of GC patients with varying EBV infection states and compare their overall survival (OS). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 1031 consecutive GC patients who underwent gastrectomy at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February 2018 to November 2022. EBV-encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization (ISH) was used for EBV assessment, and immunohistochemical staining was used for evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), and Ki67 expression. EBVaGC was defined as tumors with EBV positivity. In addition, EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC) patients were matched with EBVaGC patients based on seven clinicopathological parameters (age, gender, anatomic subsite, tumor size, Lauren classification, degree of differentiation, and tumor-node-metastasis [TNM] stage). The correlations of clinical features with HER2, PD-L1, and Ki67 expression were evaluated statistically. The survival of patients was assessed through medical records, telephone, or WeChat communication, and prognostic analysis was performed using the logrank test as well as univariable and multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: Out of 1031 GC patients tested, 35 (3.4%) were diagnosed with EBVaGC. Notably, the EBVaGC group exhibited a distinct predominance of males and younger patients, significantly higher Ki67 and PD-L1 expression levels, and a lower prevalence of pericancerous nerve invasion than the EBVnGC group (P < 0.01). In the 35 EBVaGC cases, Ki67 expression was negatively correlated with age (P < 0.05), suggesting that a younger onset age was associated with higher Ki67 expression. In addition, PD-L1 expression was correlated with the degree of differentiation, T-stage, and clinical stage of the patient. Furthermore, PD-L1 expression was elevated in tumors with lower differentiation or at later stages (P < 0.05). Using univariate analysis, Ki67, PD-L1, and clinical stage were identified as significant factors influencing the overall survival (OS) of EBVaGC patients (P < 0.05). Moreover, multivariate survival analysis revealed that clinical stage and Ki67 expression were independent risk factors for the OS of the patients (P < 0.05), and the three-year OS rate of EBVaGC patients was 64.2%. CONCLUSION: EBV-ISH is a practical and valuable method to identify EBVaGC. Owing to its unique etiological, pathological, and clinical characteristics, patients with EBVaGC might benefit from immune checkpoint blockade therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/virologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Masculino , Feminino , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Adulto , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , RNA Viral/genética , Gastrectomia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735125

RESUMO

Protein adducts are vital targets for exploring organophosphorus nerve agents (OPNAs) exposure and identification, that can be used to characterize the chemical burden and initiate chemical safety measures. However, the use of protein adducts as biomarkers of OPNA exposure has developed slowly. To further promote the development of biomarkers in chemical forensics, it is crucial to expand the range of modified peptides and active sites, and describe the characteristics of OPNA adducts at specific reaction sites. This study utilized multi-species and multi-source albumins as the protein targets. We identified 56 peptides in albumins from various species (including human, horse, rat and pig), that were modified by at least two OPNAs. Diverse modification characteristics were observed in response to certain agents: including (1) multiple sites on the same peptide modified by one or more agents, (2) different reactivities at the same site in homologous albumins, and (3) different preferences at the same active sites associated with differences in the biological matrix during exposure. Our studies provided an empirical reference with rationalized underpinnings supported by estimated conformation energetics through molecular modeling. We employed different peptide markers for detection of protein adducts, as (one would do) in forensic screening for identification and quantification of chemical damage. Three characteristic peptides were screened and analyzed in human albumin, including Y287ICENQDSISSK, K438VPQVS443TPTLVEVSR, and Y162LY164EIAR. Stable fragment ions with neutral loss were found from their tandem MS/MS spectra, which were used as characteristic ions for identification and extraction of modified peptides in enzymatic digestion mixtures. Coupling these observations with computer simulations, we found that the structural stability of albumin and albumin-adduct complexes (as well as the effective force that promotes stability of different adducts) changes in the interval before and after adduct formation. In pig albumin, five active peptides existed stably in vivo and in vitro. Most of them can be detected within 30 min after OPNA exposure, and the detection window can persist about half a month. These early findings provided the foundation and rationale for utilizing pig albumin as a sampling target for rapid analysis in future forensic work.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 929: 172652, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653146

RESUMO

Airway epithelium is extraordinary vulnerable to damage owning to continuous environment exposure. Subsequent repair is therefore essential to restore the homeostasis of respiratory system. Disruptions in respiratory epithelial repair caused by nanoparticles exposure have been linked to various human diseases, yet implications in repair process remain incompletely elucidated. This study aims to elucidate the key stage in epithelial repair disturbed by carbon black (CB) nanoparticles, highlighting the pivotal role of ΔNp63 in mediating the epithelium repair. A competitive-like binding between CB and beta-catenin 1 (CTNNB1) to ΔNp63 is proposed to elaborate the underlying toxicity mechanism. Specifically, CB exhibits a remarkable inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, leading to aberrant airway epithelial repair, as validated in air-liquid culture. ΔNp63 drives efficient epithelial proliferation during CB exposure, and CTNNB1 was identified as a target of ΔNp63 by bioinformatics analysis. Further molecular dynamics simulation reveals that oxygen-containing functional groups on CB disrupt the native interaction of CTNNB1 with ΔNp63 through competitive-like binding pattern. This process modulates CTNNB1 expression, ultimately restraining proliferation during respiratory epithelial repair. Overall, the current study elucidates that the diminished interaction between CTNNB1 and ΔNp63 impedes respiratory epithelial repair in response to CB exposure, thereby enriching the public health risk assessment on CB-related respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Fuligem , beta Catenina , Fuligem/toxicidade , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Humanos , Mucosa Respiratória , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Células Epiteliais , Nanopartículas/toxicidade
8.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1377721, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659982

RESUMO

Subsurface karst caves provide unique opportunities to study the deep biosphere, shedding light on microbial contribution to elemental cycling. Although ammonia oxidation driven by both ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) is well explored in soil and marine environments, our understanding in the subsurface biosphere still remained limited to date. To address this gap, weathered rock and sediment samples were collected from the Xincuntun Cave in Guilin City, an alkaline karst cave, and subjected to high-throughput sequencing and quantification of bacterial and archaeal amoA, along with determination of the potential nitrification rates (PNR). Results revealed that AOA dominated in ammonia oxidation, contributing 48-100% to the PNR, and AOA amoA gene copies outnumbered AOB by 2 to 6 orders. Nitrososphaera dominated in AOA communities, while Nitrosopira dominated AOB communities. AOA demonstrated significantly larger niche breadth than AOB. The development of AOA communities was influenced by deterministic processes (50.71%), while AOB communities were predominantly influenced by stochastic processes. TOC, NH4+, and Cl- played crucial roles in shaping the compositions of ammonia oxidizers at the OTU level. Cross-domain co-occurrence networks highlighted the dominance of AOA nodes in the networks and positive associations between AOA and AOB, especially in the inner zone, suggesting collaborative effort to thrive in extreme environments. Their high gene copies, dominance in the interaction with ammonia oxidizing bacteria, expansive niche breadth and substantial contribution to PNR collectively confirmed that AOA better adapted to alkaline, oligotrophic karst caves environments, and thus play a fundamental role in nitrogen cycling in subsurface biosphere.

9.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(3): 231-240, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590197

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) play a crucial role in the immune microenvironment of lung cancer. Through changes in their phenotype and phagocytic functions, TAM contribute to the initiation and progression of lung cancer. By promoting the formation of an immune-suppressive microenvironment and accelerating the growth of abnormal tumor vasculature, TAM facilitate the invasion and metastasis of lung cancer. Macrophages can polarize into different subtypes with distinct functions and characteristics in response to various stimuli, categorized as anti-tumor M1 and pro-tumor M2 types. In tumor tissues, TAM typically polarize into the alternatively activated M2 phenotype, exhibiting inhibitory effects on tumor immunity. This article reviews the role of anti-angiogenic drugs in modulating TAM phenotypes, highlighting their potential to reprogram M2-type TAM into an anti-tumor M1 phenotype. Additionally, the functional alterations of TAM play a significant role in anti-angiogenic therapy and immunotherapy strategies. In summary, the regulation of TAM polarization and function opens up new avenues for lung cancer treatment and may serve as a novel target for modulating the immune microenvironment of tumors.
.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor , Microambiente Tumoral , Macrófagos/patologia , Imunoterapia
10.
ACS Sens ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651662

RESUMO

Excavating nucleic acid quantitative capabilities by combining clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and isothermal amplification in one pot is of common interest. However, the mutual interference between CRISPR cleavage and isothermal amplification is the primary obstacle to quantitative detection. Though several works have demonstrated enhanced detection sensitivity by reducing the inhibition of CRISPR on amplification in one pot, few paid attention to the amplification process and even dynamic reaction processes between the two. Herein, we find that DNA quantification can be realized by regulating either recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) efficiency or CRISPR/Cas12a cleaving efficiency (namely, tuning the dynamic reaction balance) in one pot. The sensitive quantification is realized by utilizing dual PAM-free crRNAs for CRISPR/Cas12a recognition. The varied RPA primer concentration with stabilized CRISPR systems significantly affects the amplification efficiency and quantitative performances. Alternatively, quantitative detection can also be achieved by stabilizing the amplification process while regulating the CRISPR/Cas12a concentration. The quantitative capability is proved by detecting DNA targets from Lactobacillus acetotolerans and SARS-CoV-2. The quantitative performance toward real samples is comparable to quantitative real-time PCR for detecting L. acetotolerans spiked in fermented food samples and SARS-CoV-2 clinical samples. We expect that the presented method will be a powerful tool for quantifying other nucleic acid targets.

11.
Cell ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657603

RESUMO

Progress in understanding early human development has been impeded by the scarcity of reference datasets from natural embryos, particularly those with spatial information during crucial stages like gastrulation. We conducted high-resolution spatial transcriptomics profiling on 38,562 spots from 62 transverse sections of an intact Carnegie stage (CS) 8 human embryo. From this spatial transcriptomic dataset, we constructed a 3D model of the CS8 embryo, in which a range of cell subtypes are identified, based on gene expression patterns and positional register, along the anterior-posterior, medial-lateral, and dorsal-ventral axis in the embryo. We further characterized the lineage trajectories of embryonic and extra-embryonic tissues and associated regulons and the regionalization of signaling centers and signaling activities that underpin lineage progression and tissue patterning during gastrulation. Collectively, the findings of this study provide insights into gastrulation and post-gastrulation development of the human embryo.

12.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 22(1): 30, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The involvement of quality of life as the UNAIDS fourth 90 target to monitor the global HIV response highlighted the development of patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures to help address the holistic needs of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) beyond viral suppression. This study developed and tested preliminary measurement properties of a new patient-reported outcome (PROHIV-OLD) measure designed specifically to capture influences of HIV on patients aged 50 and older in China. METHODS: Ninety-three older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) were interviewed to solicit items and two rounds of patient cognitive interviews were conducted to modify the content and wording of the initial items. A validation study was then conducted to refine the initial instrument and evaluate measurement properties. Patients were recruited between February 2021 and November 2021, and followed six months later after the first investigation. Classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) were used to select items using the baseline data. The follow-up data were used to evaluate the measurement properties of the final instrument. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were recruited at the baseline. Of the 485 patients who completed the follow-up investigation, 483 were included in the validation sample. The final scale of PROHIV-OLD contained 25 items describing five dimensions (physical symptoms, mental status, illness perception, family relationship, and treatment). All the PROHIV-OLD dimensions had satisfactory reliability with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, McDonald's ω, and composite reliability of each dimension being all higher than 0.85. Most dimensions met the test-retest reliability standard except for the physical symptoms dimension (ICC = 0.64). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the structural validity of the final scale, and the model fit index satisfied the criterion. The correlations between dimensions of PROHIV-OLD and MOS-HIV met hypotheses in general. Significant differences on scores of the PROHIV-OLD were found between demographic and clinical subgroups, supporting known-groups validity. CONCLUSIONS: The PROHIV-OLD was found to have good feasibility, reliability and validity for evaluating health outcome of Chinese older PLWHA. Other measurement properties such as responsiveness and interpretability will be further examined.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , China , Psicometria/métodos
13.
Plant Dis ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587804

RESUMO

Lantian 26, a leading elite winter wheat cultivar in Gansu Province since its release in 2010, exhibits high resistance or immunization to stripe rust in adult-plant stage under a high disease pressure in Longnan (southeastern Gansu). Identifying the resistance genes in Lantian 26 could provide a basis for enhanced durability and high levels of resistance in wheat cultivars. Here, a segregating population was developed from a cross between a highly susceptible wheat cv. Mingxian 169 and the highly stripe rust-resistant cv. Lantian 26. The F2 and F2:3 progenies of the cross were inoculated with multiple prevalent virulent races of stripe rust for adult plant-stage resistance evaluation in two different environments. Exon sequence alignment analysis revealed that a stripe rust resistance gene on the 718.4-721.2 Mb region of chromosome 7BL, tentatively named as YrLT26, and a co-segregation STS marker GY17 was developed and validated using the F2:3 population and 103 wheat cultivars. The other two resistance genes, Yr9 and Yr30, were also identified in Lantian 26 using molecular markers. Therefore, the key to high and durable resistance to stripe rust at adult stage is the combination of Yr9, Yr30 and YrLT26 genes in Lantian 26. This could be a considerable strategy for improving the wheat cultivars with effective and durable resistance in the high-pressure region for stripe rust.

14.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 105, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative fasting following thoracoscopic surgery can cause intense thirst and oral discomfort. However, there is currently no research on ultraearly oral hydration (UEOH) in middle-aged or elderly patients after thoracoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of UEOH for improving oral discomfort after thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: This single-center prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted from April 2022 to November 2023. A total of 64 middle-aged and elderly patients who underwent the first thoracoscopic surgery on the day were enrolled at our institution. Postoperatively, in the Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU), patients were randomly assigned at a 1:1 ratio to either the UEOH group or the standard care (SC) group. The primary outcome was the patient's thirst score at 6 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of postoperative oral discomfort; pain scores; the occurrence of adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting, regurgitation and aspiration; anxiety scores on the first postoperative day; the time to first flatus; and recovery satisfaction scores. RESULTS: The demographic and surgical characteristics were similar between the two groups. Patients in the UEOH group had lower thirst scores 6 h after surgery than did those in the SC group(16.1 ± 6.70 vs. 78.4 ± 8.42, P < 0.01). The incidence of postoperative oral discomfort (P < 0.01), anxiety scores on the first postoperative day (P<0.05), and time to first flatus (P<0.05) were better in the UEOH group. Additionally, the incidences of adverse reactions, such as postoperative nausea, vomiting, regurgitation and aspiration, were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: For middle-aged and elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery, the use of a modified UEOH protocol postoperatively can improve thirst and promote gastrointestinal recovery without increasing complications. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This single-center, prospective, RCT has completed the registration of the Chinese Clinical Trial Center at 07/12/2023 with the registration number ChiCTR2300078425.


Assuntos
Dor Pós-Operatória , Sede , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Flatulência , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/epidemiologia , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Toracoscopia , Método Duplo-Cego
15.
Exp Gerontol ; 188: 112390, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a harmful condition common among older adults for which no treatment is available. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor fibroblast growth factor inducible 14 (FN14) are known to play important roles in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia. This study investigated alterations in methylation in TWEAK and Fn14 to identify potential targets for the managing sarcopenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through an epidemiological investigation, we detected methylation of CpG islands (CpGs) in TWEAK and Fn14 in community-dwelling older adult of Xinjiang by bisulfite sequencing. Significant CpGs associated with sarcopenia were selected for detection in 152 older individuals by pyrosequencing. Associations between CpG methylation, plasma inflammatory marker levels, and sarcopenia were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 38 CpGs in TWEAK and 30 CpGs in Fn14 detected in 60 individuals, 6 CpGs showed lower methylation in sarcopenia patients compared with control individuals. In 152 older adults, covariance analysis with adjustment for age, gender, triglyceride level, obesity, diabetes, and hypertension showed that the methylation levels of 6 CpGs (CpG8, CpG12, CpG13, CpG20 and CpG21of TWEAK, and CpG24 of Fn14) were significantly lower in sarcopenia patients than in control individuals. With adjustment for additional confounding factors, covariate variance analysis showed that plasma TWEAK, TNF-α and IL-10 levels in the sarcopenia group were significant higher than those in the control group (P = 0.007, P < 0.001, P = 0.003). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that CpG8, CpG13, CpG21, and total methylation of TWEAK (OR = 0.767, 95 % CI = 0.622-0.947; OR = 0.740, 95 % CI = 0.583-0.941; OR = 0.734, 95 % CI = 0.561-0.958; OR = 0.883, 95 % CI = 0.795-0.980) as well as CpG22 and total methylation of Fn14 were significantly associated with sarcopenia (OR = 826, 95 % CI = 0.704-0.968; OR = 0.918, 95 % CI = 0.852-0.989). From partial correlation analysis, plasma TWEAK was correlated with plasma TNF-α (r = 0.172, P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is associated with hypomethylation of TWEAK and increased plasma levels of TWEAK and its downstream inflammatory factor TNF-α in a community-dwelling population of older adults in Xinjiang.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Idoso , Humanos , Apoptose , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocina TWEAK/metabolismo , Sarcopenia/genética , Receptor de TWEAK/genética , Receptor de TWEAK/metabolismo
16.
Anal Biochem ; 690: 115510, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513769

RESUMO

Phosphorylation is indispensable in comprehending biological processes, while biological experimental methods for identifying phosphorylation sites are tedious and arduous. With the rapid growth of biotechnology, deep learning methods have made significant progress in site prediction tasks. Nevertheless, most existing predictors only consider protein sequence information, that limits the capture of protein spatial information. Building upon the latest advancement in protein structure prediction by AlphaFold2, a novel integrated deep learning architecture PhosAF is developed to predict phosphorylation sites in human proteins by integrating CMA-Net and MFC-Net, which considers sequence and structure information predicted by AlphaFold2. Here, CMA-Net module is composed of multiple convolutional neural network layers and multi-head attention is appended to obtaining the local and long-term dependencies of sequence features. Meanwhile, the MFC-Net module composed of deep neural network layers is used to capture the complex representations of evolutionary and structure features. Furthermore, different features are combined to predict the final phosphorylation sites. In addition, we put forward a new strategy to construct reliable negative samples via protein secondary structures. Experimental results on independent test data and case study indicate that our model PhosAF surpasses the current most advanced methods in phosphorylation site prediction.

17.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27368, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495206

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic values of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and analyze its immune function in the tumor microenvironment. Methods: Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus, Genotype Tissue Expression, Immune Cell Abundance Identifier (ImmuCellAI), Reactome, and Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer databases, the cancer tissues from 50 patients with TNBC and corresponding adjacent noncancerous tissues from 10 patients (tissue microarrays were purchased from Shanghai Xinchao Biotechnology Co., Ltd.) were collected for validation. Bioinformatics combined with immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the relationship among NRP-1 expression, prognosis, tumor immune cell infiltration, immune genes, and drug resistance so as to investigate the role of NRP-1 in the development of TNBC. Results: A significant difference in NRP-1 gene expression was found between the cancerous and noncancerous tissues (p-value < 0.05); NRP-1 expression was high in carcinoma. No significant correlation was found between NRP-1 protein expression levels and each stage in the TCGA database. Prognostic expression survival analysis showed that the survival probability of patients with high NRP-1 expression was significantly lower than that of patients with low NRP-1 expression (p-value < 0.05), suggesting that the gene might be a pro-oncogene. The data from 50 clinical samples also confirmed that the NRP-1 expression was significantly higher in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues than in adjacent noncancerous tissues. The NRP-1 expression significantly correlated with the tumor diameter and pathological grade (p-value < 0.05), but not with age, stage, and ki67 (p-value > 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves suggested that the median overall survival was significantly shorter in patients with high NRP-1 expression than in those with low NRP-1 expression (13.6 months vs 15.2 months, p-value < 0.05). The 300 genes most significantly positively associated with this gene were selected for Gene Ontology (including Biological Process, Molecular Function, and Cellular Component groups) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomics enrichment analysis. The findings showed that NRP-1 was involved in immune regulation in TNBC. In addition, the NRP-1 expression in TNBC positively correlated with a variety of immune cells and checkpoints. Conclusion: NRP-1 can be used as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in TNBC.

18.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 279, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare accessibility and utilization are important social determinants of health. Lack of access to healthcare, including missed or no-show appointments, can have negative health effects and be costly to patients and providers. Various office-based approaches and community partnerships can address patient access barriers. OBJECTIVES: (1) To understand provider perceptions of patient barriers; (2) to describe the policies and practices used to address late or missed appointments, and (3) to evaluate access to patient support services, both in-clinic and with community partners. METHODS: Mailed cross-sectional survey with online response option, sent to all Nebraska primary care clinics (n = 577) conducted April 2020 and January through April 2021. Chi-square tests compared rural-urban differences; logistic regression of clinical factors associated with policies and support services computed odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Response rate was 20.3% (n = 117), with 49 returns in 2020. Perceived patient barriers included finances, higher among rural versus urban clinics (81.6% vs. 56.1%, p =.009), and time (overall 52.3%). Welcoming environment (95.5%), telephone appointment reminders (74.8%) and streamlined admissions (69.4%) were the top three clinic practices to reduce missed appointments. Telehealth was the most commonly available patient support service in rural (79.6%) and urban (81.8%, p =.90) clinics. Number of providers was positively associated with having a patient navigator/care coordinator (OR = 1.20, CI = 1.02-1.40). For each percent increase in the number of privately insured patients, the odds of providing legal aid decreased by 4% (OR = 0.96, CI = 0.92-1.00). Urban clinics were less likely than rural clinics to provide social work services (OR = 0.16, CI = 0.04-0.67) or assist with applications for government aid (OR = 0.22, CI = 0.06-0.90). CONCLUSIONS: Practices to reduce missed appointments included a variety of reminders. Although finances and inability to take time off work were the most frequently reported perceived barriers for patients' access to timely healthcare, most clinics did not directly address them. Rural clinics appeared to have more community partnerships to address underlying social determinants of health, such as transportation and assistance applying for government aid. Taking such a wholistic partnership approach is an area for future study to improve patient access.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Políticas , Atenção Primária à Saúde
19.
Int J Cancer ; 154(12): 2031-2042, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500385

RESUMO

Tumor-associated myeloid cells (TAMCs) play a crucial role in orchestrating the dynamics of the tumor immune microenvironment. This heterogeneous population encompasses myeloid-derived suppressor cells, tumor-associated macrophages and dendritic cells, all of which contribute to the establishment of an immunosuppressive milieu that fosters tumor progression. Tumor-derived exosomes (TEXs), small extracellular vesicles secreted by tumor cells, have emerged as central mediators in intercellular communication within the tumor microenvironment. In this comprehensive review, we explore the intricate mechanisms through which TEXs modulate immune-suppressive effects on TAMCs and their profound implications in cancer progression. We delve into the multifaceted ways in which TEXs influence TAMC functions, subsequently affecting tumor immune evasion. Furthermore, we elucidate various therapeutic strategies aimed at targeting TEX-mediated immune suppression, with the ultimate goal of bolstering antitumor immunity.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Neoplasias , Humanos , Exossomos/patologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Células Mieloides , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493310

RESUMO

The concentration of mitoxantrone in the blood of mice was determined by a high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet method with aloe-emodin as the internal standard. The separation was performed on a Hypersil BDS2 column (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 µm) as the analytical column, the mobile Phase A was acetonitrile, and B was 20-mM potassium dihydrogen phosphate (adding 1% triethylamine and adjusting the pH to 2.8 with phosphoric acid) and 4.6-mM sodium octyl sulfonate. The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, the detection wavelength was 243 nm, the column temperature is 25 ± 5°C and the injection amount was 20 µL. Finally, the linear range of mitoxantrone was 5-200 µg·mL-1, and the correlation coefficient was r = 0.9999. The recovery rate of the method was 91.93-105.5%, and the extraction recovery rate was 91.45-105.5%. The intraday precision and interday precision were <3.29% (limit of detection = 0.3 µg·mL-1). The HPLC method established in this paper was simple, rapid, sensitive and accurate, and can be used to determine the content of mitoxantrone in mouse plasma after tail vein injection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...