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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035388

RESUMO

The authors aimed to evaluate the relationship of serum albumin with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and investigate any possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients. In the cross-sectional study, a total of 10,900 Chinese hypertensive patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. The outcome was PAD, defined as an ankle-brachial index (ABI) <0.90 in either leg. The overall mean (SD) serum albumin was 46.8 (4.2) g/L. There were significant inverse associations of serum albumin with PAD (per SD increment; OR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.94). Compared with the lowest tertile (<45.1 g/L), the multivariate-adjusted ORs (95% CI) for participants in the middle tertile (45.1-48.2 g/L) and highest tertile (≥48.2 g/L) of serum albumin were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.67, 1.16) and 0.65 (95% CI: 0.47, 0.90), respectively. Conversely, lower albumin (<48.2 g/L) concentrations were associated with increased odds of PAD (OR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.08-1.96) compared with higher concentrations. Furthermore, the albumin-PAD association was significantly stronger in males (OR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.31, 3.30) than in females (OR: 1.06; 95% CI: 0.70, 1.58; p interaction = .024). In conclusion, among Chinese hypertensive adults, lower serum albumin was associated with the prevalence of PAD only in males but not in females.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: White tea, considered to be the oldest form of tea, is becoming a popular beverage for its organoleptic characteristics. Peppermint tea, used as an herbal remedy for centuries, is now also very popular throughout the world as herbal tea. What interested us was that in ancient China, peppermint was used in combination with tea as a detoxification or anti-inflammatory agent. However, there are few reports on the combined use of white tea and peppermint. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of white tea in combination with peppermint. RESULTS: A synergistic inhibitory effect against 4 bacterial strains, especially against S. argenteus, was observed in the combination of white tea and peppermint in vitro. In addition, the combined formula demonstrated a stronger anti-inflammatory effect in vivo than either of the two used alone, which was associated with the decrease of the pro-inflammatory cytokines of IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, COX-2 and iNOS. In the further mechanism study, it was found that white tea and peppermint inhibited the phosphorylation of p-IκB-α and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) at different degree. While the enhanced anti-inflammatory effect of the combined formula was associated with the combination of NF-κB down-regulation and p-MAPK inhibition. CONCLUSION: In our study, it was the first time to find that when white tea was combined with peppermint, the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects were enhanced. The results suggested an effective application of white tea in combination with peppermint as a potential antibacterial and anti-inflammatory functional food. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105232, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of acute ischemic stroke is related to collateral circulation, which is different with different pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognosis of acute large atherosclerotic (LAA) cerebral infarction with different pathogenesis by assessing the establishment of collateral circulation. METHODS: 108 patients with acute LAA cerebral infarction in our hospital, who failed to thrombolytic or thrombectomy in the acute phase were selected and classified by Chinese ischemic stroke subclassification (CISS). They were evaluated by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS). CT angiography (CTA) of head and neck were used to evaluate the collateral circulation for patients with large vessel stenosis or occlusion within one week of admission. The CTA collateral scores (CS) were recorded in a dichotomized fashion (ie, poor vs good). RESULTS: Patients with good CS had significantly lower NIHSS score and good prognosis at 2 weeks and 3 months than patients with poor CS (P < 0.001). The arterial-to-arterial embolization mechanism was the highest in the ratio of good CS and good prognosis at 3 months (P < 0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that baseline NIHSS score (OR=1.407, 95%CI:1.153-1.717, P=0.001) was an independent factor affecting poor CS. The NIHSS score at baseline (OR=0.604, 95%CI:0.436-0.837, P=0.002) and good CS (OR=39.552, 95%CI:8.908-175.618, P=0.000) were important predictors of good prognosis at 3 months. CONCLUSION: The prognosis and collateral circulation of acute LAA cerebral infarction with different pathogenesis was different. Baseline NIHSS score and collateral circulation had great impact on prognosis at 3 months.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.

5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1047-51, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate effect of acupuncture and moxibustion at Guanyuan (CV 4) and Zusanli (ST 36) on heart rate variability index in patients with qi deficiency syndrome. METHODS: Ninety patients with qi deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into an acupuncture group, a moxibustion group and a blank group, 30 patients in each group. The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at Guanyuan (CV 4) and Zusanli (ST 36) for 15 min; acupuncture was given once. The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion with identical acupoints and treatment duration. The patients in the blank group received no intervention. The symptom scores of qi deficiency syndrome in each group before and after treatment were recorded. The average heart rate and index of heart rate variability including total power, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) and logarithm of LF/HF (log LF/HF) were tested 5 min before treatment, 5 min, 10 min, 15 min into treatment, and 5 min after treatment. RESULTS: The symptom scores of qi deficiency syndrome were reduced in the acupuncture group and moxibustion group after treatment (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, in the acupuncture group, the HF was increased 5 min into treatment (P<0.05), but was reduced 15 min into treatment and 5 min after treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). The log LF/HF was increased 5 min and 10 min into treatment and 5 min after treatment (P<0.01). The difference of average heart rate between 5 min before treatment and 5 min after treatment in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the moxibustion group and blank group (P<0.05), and the difference of log LF/HF was higher than that in the moxibustion group and blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion has immediate effects on heart rate variability in patients with qi deficiency syndrome, and the effect of acupuncture is superior to moxibustion, which may be related to the benign regulation of acupuncture on autonomic nervous system.

6.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e038879, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040015

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Due to immature brain development, preterm infants are more likely to develop neurological developmental defects compared with full-term infants. Most preterm infants without neurodevelopmental damage can eventually reach the same scholastic level as their same-age peers; however, some show persistent impairment. Breast feeding (BF), which is an important public health measure, is of great significance for preterm infants. Various active substances in breast milk promote the development of the brain and central nervous system in premature infants. We present a protocol for a prospective longitudinal cohort study to explore the effect of in-hospital BF on brain development in preterm infants and possible influencing factors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will enrol 247 Chinese preterm infants (gestational age: 30-34 weeks) delivered in Women's Hospital School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, and transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. Demographic, clinical and in-hospital BF data will be collected through electronic medical records. Moreover, follow-up data will be obtained by telephone, interview or online. Measurements will be obtained using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form, neuroimaging with functional near-infrared spectroscopy, extrauterine growth restriction and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire. Follow-up will be performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after birth. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study has been approved by the Women's Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University Medical Ethics Committee (2019-058). The study results are expected to be published in peer-reviewed journals and reported at relevant national and international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900027648; Pre-results.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16947, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046791

RESUMO

Protein 4.1N, a member of the protein 4.1 family, is highly expressed in the brain. But its function remains to be fully defined. Using 4.1N-/- mice, we explored the function of 4.1N in vivo. We show that 4.1N-/- mice were born at a significantly reduced Mendelian ratio and exhibited high mortality between 3 to 5 weeks of age. Live 4.1N-/- mice were smaller than 4.1N+/+ mice. Notably, while there were no significant differences in organ/body weight ratio for most of the organs, the testis/body and ovary/body ratio were dramatically decreased in 4.1N-/- mice, demonstrating selective effects of 4.1N deficiency on the development of the reproductive systems. Histopathology of the reproductive organs showed atrophy of both testis and ovary. Specifically, in the testis there is a lack of spermatogenesis, lack of leydig cells and lack of mature sperm. Similarly, in the ovary there is a lack of follicular development and lack of corpora lutea formation, as well as lack of secretory changes in the endometrium. Examination of pituitary glands revealed that the secretory granules were significantly decreased in pituitary glands of 4.1N-/- compared to 4.1N+/+. Moreover, while GnRH was expressed in both neuronal cell body and axons in the hypothalamus of 4.1N+/+ mice, it was only expressed in the cell body but not the axons of 4.1N-/- mice. Our findings uncover a novel role for 4.1N in the axis of hypothalamus-pituitary gland-reproductive system.

8.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 113: 104114, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045517

RESUMO

The poor elasticity of wound dressings often leads to wound healing failure due to rupture and fall off. In this study, the composite films of zein and hydrogel poly (acrylic acid) were developed in order to obtain stretchable wound dressing for skin burn repair. The mechanical test revealed that the maximum elongation of break of composite films could reach 349.76% when the mass ratio of zein to poly (acrylic acid) was 1.5. SEM and FTIR analysis demonstrated the good elasticity of composite films might be due to the formation of a dense structure and the strong interaction between zein and poly (acrylic acid). Interestingly, the composite films exhibited great adhesiveness to human finger skin and stretchable ability under strenuous joint exercise. CCK-8 assay and fluorescence staining showed that the composite films and their extract had good cytocompatibility on human foreskin fibroblasts (L929) cells. The in vivo experiment on rat's skin burning model indicated that the composite films could promote wound healing and collagen synthesis by comparison with commercial gauze. It could be concluded that the stretchable composite films of zein and hydrogel poly (acrylic acid) had the potential as the wound dressing.

9.
Med Mal Infect ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007404

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus B3 serotype GV caused the epidemic of Coxsackievirus B3 infection in China from 2006 to 2012. To study the evolution and recombination of Coxsackievirus B3 serotype GV, we performed recombination and phylogenetic analysis of 499 complete genomes of Enterovirus B available in GenBank, dated April 2019. Results indicated that most of the strains of Coxsackievirus B3 GV in P1 region were derived from a Coxsackievirus B3 GVI parent, and in P2-3 region from EchoV E25 strain, with nucleotide identities of 97.2% and 94.7%, respectively. Other strains of Coxsackievirus B3 GV-C1 in P1-P2 regions were derived from Coxsackievirus B3 GV-C3, whereas those in P3 regions were from CVB5. These naturally occurring recombination events were confirmed by phylogenetic analysis. This study indicates that two naturally occurring recombination gave rise to the coxsackievirus B3 GV that triggered outbreaks in China in 2006 - 2012.

10.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048238

RESUMO

This study reports on vocal cord paralysis caused by esophageal button battery (BB) ingestion in children. Medical records of children with vocal cord paralysis and esophageal BB ingestion treated at a tertiary referral institute between January 2016 and March 2020 were reviewed. Five patients aged 9-58 months were identified; three were male. Each patient had accidentally swallowed a 20-mm-diameter lithium battery (3 CR2032 type and 2 CR2025 type). One battery was removed within 4 h after ingestion, and three batteries were removed within 12 h. Removal of the battery was achieved with rigid esophagoscopy in four patients and direct laryngoscopy in one patient. Four patients had bilateral, and one had unilateral vocal cord paralysis. Three patients underwent tracheotomy; two were tracheotomy-dependent until follow-up, while the third patient died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome a month after surgery. The two cases without tracheotomy remain under close follow-up.Conclusion: Accidentally ingested button batteries should be removed promptly to avoid severe complications. Respiratory support and neurotrophic treatment in the early stage of vocal cord paralysis may be beneficial for recovery of vocal cord movement. What is Known: • Button battery ingestion in children is extremely harmful, especially when the diameter of the button battery exceeds 20 mm. • Esophageal button battery impaction can cause serious complications such as esophageal perforation, mediastinal infection, tracheoesophageal fistula, vocal cord paralysis, and life-threatening bleeding. What is New: • Vocal cord paralysis in children with button battery ingestion plays an early warning role for identifying the severity of the disease. • Early neurotrophic drugs and glucocorticoid therapy may be helpful for the recovery of vocal cord movement, thereby avoiding tracheotomy.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: STAT3 or Dock8 loss-of-function mutations cause HIES and the role of abnormal T cell function has been extensively investigated, however the contribution of B cell intrinsic dysfunction to elevated IgE levels is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the underlying molecular mechanism of how STAT3 regulates BCR signaling, B cell differentiation, and IgE production. METHODS: We used samples from STAT3 loss-of-function (LOF) patients and samples from Mb1Crestat3flox/flox mice (B-STAT3 KO) to investigate the mechanism of HIES. RESULTS: We found that the peripheral B cell homeostasis in B-STAT3 KO mice mimicked the phenotype of STAT3 LOF patients, having decreased follicular (FO) and germinal center (GC) B cells, but increased marginal zone (MZ) and IgE+ B cells. Furthermore, B-STAT3 KO B cells had reduced B cell receptor (BCR) signaling upon antigenic stimulation due to reduced BCR clustering and decreased accumulation of WASP and F-actin. Excitingly, a central hub protein, 14-3-3σ, which is essential for the increase in IgE production, was enhanced in B cells of B-STAT3 KO mice and STAT3 LOF patients. The increase of 14-3-3σ was associated with increased expression of the upstream mediator, miRNA146A. The inhibition of 14-3-3σ with R18 peptide in B-STAT3 KO mice rescued the BCR signaling, FO, GC, and IgE+ B cell differentiation to the degree of wild-type (WT) mice. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, our study has established a novel regulatory pathway of STAT3-miRNA146A-14-3-3σ to regulate BCR signaling, peripheral B cell differentiation and IgE production.

12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118878, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011193

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynaecologic malignancy, and the five-year survival rate of patients is less than 35% worldwide. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a population of cells with stem-like characteristics that are thought to cause chemoresistance and recurrence. TRIM29 is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and associated with cancer development and progression. Previous studies showed that the upregulation of TRIM29 expression in pancreatic cancer is related to stem-like characteristics. However, the role of TRIM29 in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. In this study, we found that TRIM29 expression was increased at the translational level in both the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells and clinical tissues. Increased TRIM29 expression was associated with a poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. In addition, TRIM29 could enhance the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Recruitment of YTHDF1 to m6A-modified TRIM29 was involved in promoting TRIM29 translation in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Knockdown of YTHDF1 suppressed the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of TRIM29. This study suggests TRIM29 may act as an oncogene to promote the CSC-like features of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer in an m6A-YTHDF1-dependent manner. Due to the roles of TRIM29 and YTHDF1 in the promotion of CSC-like features, they may become potential therapeutic targets to combat the recurrence of ovarian cancer.

13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111436, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039867

RESUMO

Several epidemiological studies reported that chronic arsenic exposure increased risk of prostate cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether chronic NaAsO2 exposure elevates stemness and chemoresistance in prostate cancer cells. DU145 (wild-type p53) and PC-3 (p53-null) cells were exposed to NaAsO2 (2 µmol/L) for 30 generations. IC50s to docetaxel and cisplatin were increased in NaAsO2-exposed DU145 and PC-3 cells. The number of tumor spheres was elevated in NaAsO2-exposed DU145 and PC-3 cells. Nanog, SOX-2 and ALDH1A1, three markers of cancer stemness, were upregulated in NaAsO2-exposed PC-3 spheres. Moreover, NaAsO2-exposed DU145 and PC-3 cells were arrested in G2/M phase. Histone H2AX phosphorylation on Ser139, an indicator for DNA double-strand break, was upregulated in NaAsO2-exposed DU145 and PC-3 cells. ATM phosphorylation on Ser1981, a key sensor of genotoxic stress, was rapidly elevated in NaAsO2-exposed DU145 cells. Phosphor-p53, a downstream molecule of ATM signaling, and p21, a direct target of p53, were upregulated in NaAsO2-exposed DU145 cells. Unexpectedly, p21 was also elevated in NaAsO2-exposed p53-null PC-3 cells. Antioxidant NAC alleviated NaAsO2-induced ATM phosphorylation, cell cycle arrest, and subsequent stemness enhancement and chemoresistance in both DU145 and PC-3 cells. These results suggest that ROS-mediated genotoxic stress is involved in NaAsO2-induced cell cycle arrest, stemness enhancement and chemoresistance of prostate cancer cells in a p53-independent manner.

14.
Adv Mater ; : e2004111, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103318

RESUMO

Halide perovskites are revolutionizing the renewable energy sector owing to their high photovoltaic efficiency, low manufacturing cost, and flexibility. Their remarkable mobility and long carrier lifetime are also valuable for information technology, but fundamental challenges like poor stability under an electric field prevent realistic applications of halide perovskites in electronics. Here, it is discovered that valleytronics is a promising route to leverage the advantages of halide perovskites and derivatives for information storage and processing. The synthesized all-inorganic lead-free perovskite derivative, Cs3 Bi2 I9 , exhibits strong light-matter interaction and parity-dependent optically addressable valley degree of freedom. Robust optical helicity in all odd-layer-number crystals with inversion symmetry breaking is observed, indicating excitonic coherence extending well beyond 11 layers. The excellent optical and valley properties of Cs3 Bi2 I9 arise from the unique parallel bands, according to first principles calculations. This discovery points to new materials design principles for scalable valleytronic devices and demonstrates the promise of perovskite derivatives beyond energy applications.

15.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079127

RESUMO

Cerium dioxide (CeO2) nanocatalysts were initially grown in situ on 2D graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanosheets to yield the nanocomposites g-C3N4/CeO2 with a spherical structure for the catalysis-based colorimetric analysis of Hg2+ ions in blood and wastewater. As the synergetic introduction of g-C3N4 nanosheets might promote the electron transfer in CeO2, the resulting g-C3N4/CeO2 nanozyme was found to present greatly enhanced catalytic activity, as demonstrated by the steady-state kinetic studies, which is nearly 4-fold higher than that of pure CeO2. Moreover, the g-C3N4/CeO2 nanozymes would aggregate in the presence of Hg2+ ions due to the strong interaction between Hg2+ and the nitrogen of g-C3N4, leading to a decrease of catalysis rationally depending on the Hg2+ ion concentration. A colorimetric analysis strategy is therefore developed for the selective detection of Hg2+ ions separately in the complex samples of blood and wastewater, showing a linear concentration range from 0.50 nM to 800 nM with the LOD of 0.23 nM as exemplified for Hg2+ ions in blood. Also, the recovery tests indicated that the developed colorimetric method can allow for the accurate analysis of Hg2+ ions in wastewater and blood. Such a route for the fabrication of composite nanozymes by growing catalytic nanomaterials on conductive 2D substrates may be extended to the design of other kinds of nanozymes with enhanced catalytic performances for developing catalysis-based detection platforms.

16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 443, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No-reflow occurs in 3-4% of all percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) and has a strong negative impact on clinical outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Therefore, the discovery of a biomarker that can early predict the occurrence of no-reflow has great clinical significance. Multiple factors including platelet activation are relevant to no-reflow. Calprotectin is found to be a biomarker of plaque instability and is identified to be a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of cardiovascular diseases. The association of plasma calprotectin with platelet activation and no-reflow phenomenon in ACS is not clear. METHODS: In this prospective study performed at Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from 2017 to 2018, a total of 176 Chinese patients with ACS who had undergone PCIs were recruited consecutively, aged from 30 to 88 years. Angiographic no-reflow was defined as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade less than 3. Blood samples were collected immediately at admission for the detection of plasma calprotectin and platelet-monocyte aggregates formation. Statistical analysis was performed for the variable's comparisons between groups and the prediction value of plasma calprotectin for no-reflow. RESULTS: The mean age of the 176 included ACS patients were 64(±11) years and acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was present in 41.5% of patients. Twenty-two patients had no-reflow during the PCI procedures and the prevalence was 12.5%. Patients with higher plasma calprotectin had a higher level of platelet-monocyte aggregates (PMA) and a higher prevalence of no-reflow (p < 0.001). The multivariate regression showed that plasma calprotectin and admission hs-cTnI were independently associated with PMA, while plasma calprotectin and serum LDL-c were independent predictors of no-reflow (p < 0.001 and p = 0.017). AUC of calprotectin for predicting no-reflow were 0.898. The cut-off value of plasma calprotectin for no-reflow was 4748.77 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 0.95 and a specificity of 0.77. CONCLUSION: Plasma calprotectin was associated with platelet activation and may act as an early predictive biomarker of no-reflow in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

17.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-9, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046955

RESUMO

To assess the psychological effects of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on medical staff and the general public. During the outbreak of COVID-19, an internet-based questionnaire included The Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) was used to assess the impact of the pandemic situation on the mental health of medical staff and general population in Wuhan and its surrounding areas. Among the 1493 questionnaires completed, 827 (55.39%) of these were men, and 422 (28.27%) of these were medical personnel. The results suggest that the outbreak of COVID-19 has affected individuals significantly, the degree of which is related to age, sex, occupation and mental illness. There was a significant difference in PSS-10 and IES-R scores between the medical staff and the general population. The medical staff showed higher PSS-10 scores (16.813 ± 4.87) and IES-R scores (22.40 ± 12.12) compared to members of the general population PSS-10 (14.80 ± 5.60) and IES-R scores (17.89 ± 13.08). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the SDS scores of medical staff (44.52 ± 12.36) and the general public (43.08 ± 11.42). In terms of the need for psychological assistance, 50.97% of interviewees responded that they needed psychological counseling, of which medical staff accounted for 65.87% and non-medical staff accounted for 45.10%. During the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, great attention should be paid to the mental health of the population, especially medical staff, and measures such as psychological intervention should be actively carried out for reducing the psychosocial effects.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2004835, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000881

RESUMO

Elemental 2D materials with fascinating characteristics are regarded as an influential portion of the 2D family. Iodine is as a typical monoelemental molecular crystal and exhibits great prospects of applications. To realize 2D iodine, not only is it required to separate the weak interlayer van der Waals interactions, but also to reserve the weak intramolecular halogen bonds; thus, 2D iodine is still unexploited until now. Herein, atomically thin iodine nanosheets (termed "iodinene") with the thickness around 1.0 nm and lateral sizes up to hundreds of nanometers are successfully fabricated by a liquid-phase exfoliation strategy. When used for the cathode of rechargeable sodium-ion batteries, the ultrathin iodinene exhibits superb rate properties with a high specific capacity of 109.5 mA h g-1 at the high rate of 10 A g-1 owing to its unique 2D ultrathin architecture with remarkably enhanced pseudocapacitive behavior. First-principles calculations reveal that the diffusion of sodium ions in few-layered iodinene changes from the original horizontal direction in bulk to the vertical with a small energy barrier of 0.07 eV because of the size effect. The successful preparation and intensive structural investigation of iodinene paves the way for the development of novel iodine-based science and technologies.

19.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239939, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057425

RESUMO

To provide the general information on corneal transplantation (CT) in China, China Cornea Society designed a questionnaire on CT from 2014 to 2018 and entrusted it to 31 committee members for implementation of the survey nationwide. This article presents the results of the survey and compares the indicators used in the survey and those in the annual statistical report released by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA). The number of corneal transplantations completed by the 64 hospitals from 2014 to 2018 was respectively 5377, 6394, 7595, 8270 and 8980, totally 36,616 (22,959 male and 13,657 female). The five largest hospitals by the number of corneal transplantations completed 15,994 surgeries in total, accounting for 43.68% of all the surgeries performed in the 64 hospitals. The most common indication for corneal transplantations was corneal leukoma (7683, 20.98%), followed by bacterial keratitis (4209, 11.49%), corneal dystrophies (4189, 11.44%), keratoconus (3578, 9.77%) and corneal perforation (2839, 7.75%). The main surgical techniques were penetrating keratoplasty (PK) (19,896, 54.34%), anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) (13,869, 37.88%). The proportion of PK decreased from 57.97% in 2014 to 52.88% in 2018 while the proportion of ALK increased from 36.04% in 2014 to 37.92% in 2018. The geographical distribution of keratoplasties performed in China is unbalanced. PK and ALK were the main techniques of CT and corneal leukoma, bacterial keratitis and corneal dystrophies were the main indications for CT in China.

20.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 1809-1820, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061331

RESUMO

Objective: Our study aimed to explore the association between trimethylamine N-oxide and frailty in older adults with cardiovascular disease. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed a total of 451 people aged 65 years or older who underwent comprehensive geriatric assessments. Frailty status was determined using a frailty index constructed with 48 variables according to the cumulative deficits model. Physical frailty and cognitive frailty were also assessed in detail. Fasting plasma TMAO was measured by mass spectrometry. Results: The proportion of frail subjects was 29.9% (135/451). Plasma TMAO levels were significantly higher in frail patients than in nonfrail individuals (4.04 [2.84-7.01] vs 3.21 [2.13-5.03] µM; p<0.001). Elevated plasma TMAO levels were independently associated with the likelihood of frailty (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.01-4.38, p=0.046). Dose-response analysis revealed a linear association between the TMAO concentration and the OR for frailty. A 2-unit increase in TMAO was independently correlated with physical frailty (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.08-1.41, p for trend 0.002) and cognitive frailty (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45, p for trend 0.04). Conclusion: Elevated circulating TMAO levels are independently associated with frailty among older adults with cardiovascular disease.

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