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1.
Front Physiol ; 13: 917510, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091380

RESUMO

Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) have multi-directional differentiation potential including osteogenic differentiation. Mechanical stimulation is thought to be a key regulator of bone remodeling and has been proved to promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. However, the mechanism how mechanical tension-induced osteogenesis of hASCs still remains poor understood. Polycystin-2 (PC2), a member of the transient receptor potential polycystic (TRPP) family, is involved in cilia-mediated mechanical transduction. To understand the role of PC2 in osteogenic differentiation under mechanical stimuli in hASCs, PKD2 gene was stably silenced by using lentivirus-mediated shRNA technology. The results showed that mechanical tension sufficiently enhanced osteogenic differentiation but hardly affected proliferation of hASCs. Silencing PKD2 gene caused hASCs to lose the ability of sensing mechanical stimuli and subsequently promoting osteogenesis. PC2 knock-out also reduced the cilia population frequency and cilia length in hASCs. TAZ (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif, also known as Wwtr1) could mediate the genes regulation and biological functions of mechanotransduction signal pathway. Here, mechanical tension also enhanced TAZ nuclear translocation of hASCs. PC2 knock-out blocked tension-induced upregulation of nuclear TAZ and suppress tension-induced osteogenesis. TAZ could directly interact with Runx2, and inhibiting TAZ could suppress tension-induced upregulation of Runx2 expression. In summary, our findings demonstrated that PC2 mediate mechanical tension-induced osteogenic differentiation of hASCs by activating TAZ.

2.
Front Public Health ; 10: 921038, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091546

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the detection rate and influencing factors of high-risk population of cardiovascular disease in Anhui province. Methods: From March 2017 to August 2019, the residents aged 35-75 years old were selected using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method in 8 counties and districts of Anhui Province, and questionnaire survey, anthropometric measurement, and collection of biological samples were carried out among them. Results: A total of 99,821 residents in Anhui Province were finally investigated, and among them 21,426 residents were detected to be high-risk groups of cardiovascular disease. The detection rate of high-risk groups was 21.46%. According to the high-risk types, the high-risk groups can be clustered. 74.57% of them had only one high-risk type, 22.57% of them had two high-risk types, and 2.86% had three or more high-risk types. The results of Generalized Linear Mixed Model (GLMM) showed that male, age ≥45 years old, not married, occupation as a farmer, annual family income <25,000 yuan, drinking, overweight and obesity, pre-central obesity and central obesity, snoring, feeling fatigued, sleepiness, and self-reported history of diabetes were more likely to be risk factors of cardiovascular disease (all P value < 0.05). Conclusion: The detection rate of high-risk groups of cardiovascular disease in Anhui Province is relatively high. Individualized intervention measures as well as comprehensive prevention and control strategies should be adopted focusing on the distribution characteristics of risk factors of high-risk groups.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal , Prevalência
3.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1674, 2022 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate associations between risk factors for obesity and related chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease) and features of the built environment. This is particularly true for rural populations, who have higher rates of obesity, cancer, and other chronic diseases than urban residents. There is also evidence linking health behaviors and outcomes to social factors such as social support, opposition, and norms. Thus, overlapping social networks that have a high degree of social capital and community cohesion, such as those found in rural communities, may be effective targets for introducing and maintaining healthy behaviors. METHODS: This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the Change Club (CC) intervention, a civic engagement intervention for built environment change to improve health behaviors and outcomes for residents of rural communities. The CC intervention provides small groups of community residents (approximately 10-14 people) with nutrition and physical activity lessons and stepwise built environment change planning workshops delivered by trained extension educators via in-person, virtual, or hybrid methods. We will conduct process, multilevel outcome, and cost evaluations of implementation of the CC intervention in a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 communities across two states using a two-arm parallel design. Change in the primary outcome, American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 composite cardiovascular health score, will be evaluated among CC members, their friends and family members, and other community residents and compared to comparable samples in control communities. We will also evaluate changes at the social/collective level (e.g., social cohesion, social trust) and examine costs as well as barriers and facilitators to implementation. DISCUSSION: Our central hypothesis is the CC intervention will improve health behaviors and outcomes among engaged citizens and their family and friends within 24 months. Furthermore, we hypothesize that positive changes will catalyze critical steps in the pathway to improving longer-term health among community residents through improved healthy eating and physical activity opportunities. This study also represents a unique opportunity to evaluate process and cost-related data, which will provide key insights into the viability of this approach for widespread dissemination. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT05002660 , Registered 12 August 2021.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , População Rural , Ambiente Construído , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Obesidade/prevenção & controle
4.
Front Psychol ; 13: 807558, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106041

RESUMO

Gender plays an important role in various aspects of second language acquisition, including lexicon learning. Many studies have suggested that compared to males, females are less likely to experience boredom, one of the frequently experienced deactivating negative emotions that may impair language learning. However, the contribution of boredom to gender-related differences in lexicon learning remains unclear. To address this question, here we conducted two experiments with a large sample of over 1,000 college students to explore the relationships between gender differences in boredom and lexicon learning. In Experiment 1, a cohort of 527 participants (238 males) completed the trait and state boredom scales as well as a novel lexicon learning task without awareness of the testing process. In Experiment 2, an independent cohort of 506 participants (228 males) completed the same novel lexicon learning task with prior knowledge of the testing procedure. Results from both experiments consistently showed significant differences between female and male participants in the rate of forgetting words and the state boredom scores, with female participants performing better than male participants. Furthermore, differences in state boredom scores partially explained differences in the rate of forgetting words between female and male participants. These findings demonstrate a novel contribution of state boredom to gender differences in lexicon learning, which provides new insights into better language-learning ability in females.

5.
Front Genet ; 13: 922807, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051689

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is the leading cause of blindness among the elderly in western societies, is majorly accompanied by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) degeneration. Because of the irreversible RPE cell loss among oxidative stress, it is crucial to search for available drugs for atrophic (dry) AMD. RNA-Seq analysis revealed that genes related to aging and mitochondrial health were differentially expressed under Arbutin treatment, whereas compared to oxidative injury, our study demonstrated that Arbutin substantially abrogated oxidative stress-induced cell senescence and apoptosis linked to intracellular antioxidant enzyme system homeostasis maintenance, restored mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and reduced the SA-ß-GAL accumulation in RPE. Furthermore, Arbutin alleviated oxidative stress-mediated cell apoptosis and senescence via activation of SIRT1, as evidenced by the increase of the downstream FoxO3a and PGC-1α/ß that are related to mitochondrial biogenesis, and the suppression of NF-κB p65 inflammasome, whereas rehabilitation of oxidative stress by SIRT1 inhibitor attenuated the protective effect of Arbutin. In conclusion, we validated the results in an in vivo model constructed by NAIO3-injured mice. OCT and HE staining showed that Arbutin sustained retinal integrity in the case of oxidative damage in vivo, and the disorder of RPE cytochrome was alleviated through fundus observation. In summary, our findings identified that oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial malfunction and the subsequent senescence acceleration in RPE cells, whereas Arbutin inhibited TBHP-induced RPE degeneration via regulating the SIRT1/Foxo3a/PGC-1α/ß signaling pathway. These findings suggested that Arbutin is a new agent with potential applications in the development of AMD diseases.

7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080566

RESUMO

The heterogeneous Fenton system has drawn great attention in recent years due to its effective degradation of polluted water capability without limitation of the pH range and avoiding excess ferric hydroxide sludge. Therefore, simple chemical precipitation and vacuum filtration method for manufacturing the heterogeneous Fenton aramid nanofibers (ANFs)/ferrous oxalate (FeC2O4) composite membrane catalysts with excellent degradation of methylene blue (MB) is reported in the study. The morphology and structure of materials synthesized were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy spectrum analysis (EDS), infrared spectrometer (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) equipment. The 10 ppm MB degradation efficiency of composite catalyst and ferrous oxalate (FeC2O4) within 15 min were 94.5% and 91.6%, respectively. The content of methylene blue was measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Moreover, the dye degradation efficiency still could achieve 92% after five cycles, indicating the composite catalyst with excellent chemical stability and reusability. Simultaneously, the composite catalyst membrane can degrade not only MB but also rhodamine B (RB), orange II (O II), and methyl orange (MO). This study represents a new avenue for the fabrication of heterogeneous Fenton catalysts and will contribute to dye wastewater purification, especially in the degradation of methylene blue.

8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080837

RESUMO

The in-situ health condition of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) reinforced structures has become an important topic, which can reflect the structural performance of the retrofitted structures and judge the design theory. An optical fiber-based structural health monitoring technique is thus suggested. To check the effectiveness of the proposed method, experimental testing on smart CFRP reinforced steel beams under impact action has been performed, and the dynamic response of the structure has been measured by the packaged FBG sensors attached to the surface of the beam and the FBG sensors inserted in the CFRP plates. Time and frequency domain analysis has been conducted to check the structural feature of the structures and the performance of the installed sensors. Results indicate that the packaged Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors show better sensing performance than the bare FBG sensors in perceiving the impact response of the beam. The sensors embedded in the CFRP plate show good measurement accuracy in sensing the external excitation and can replace the surface-attached FBG sensors. The dynamic performance of the reinforced structures subjected to the impact action can be straightforwardly read from the signals of FBG sensors. The larger impact energies bring about stronger impact signals.

9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4683, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050293

RESUMO

Global patterns of regional (gamma) plant diversity are relatively well known, but whether these patterns hold for local communities, and the dependence on spatial grain, remain controversial. Using data on 170,272 georeferenced local plant assemblages, we created global maps of alpha diversity (local species richness) for vascular plants at three different spatial grains, for forests and non-forests. We show that alpha diversity is consistently high across grains in some regions (for example, Andean-Amazonian foothills), but regional 'scaling anomalies' (deviations from the positive correlation) exist elsewhere, particularly in Eurasian temperate forests with disproportionally higher fine-grained richness and many African tropical forests with disproportionally higher coarse-grained richness. The influence of different climatic, topographic and biogeographical variables on alpha diversity also varies across grains. Our multi-grain maps return a nuanced understanding of vascular plant biodiversity patterns that complements classic maps of biodiversity hotspots and will improve predictions of global change effects on biodiversity.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Traqueófitas , Ecossistema , Plantas
10.
ChemSusChem ; : e202201401, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055966

RESUMO

The construction of N-heterocyclic compounds from lignin remains a great challenge due to the complex lignin structure and the involvement of multiple steps, including the cleavage of lignin C-O linkages and the formation of heterocyclic aromatic rings. Herein, the first example of KOH mediated sustainable synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives from lignin ß-O-4 model compounds in a one-pot fashion under transition-metal-free conditions has been achieved. Mechanistic studies suggested that this transformation includes highly coupled cascade steps of cleavage of C-O bonds, dehydrative condensation, sp3 C-H bond oxidative activation, and intramolecular dehydrative coupling reaction. With this protocol, a wide range of functionalized quinoxalines, including an important drug compound AG1295, were synthesized from lignin ß-O-4 model compounds and ß-O-4 polymer, showcasing the application potential of lignin in pharmaceutical synthesis.

11.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054149

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to evaluate clinical characteristics and 1-year outcomes in hospitalized patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) from China. Factors associated with outcomes (hospitalization for HF [HHF] and cardiovascular [CV] death) were assessed. METHOD AND RESULTS: Data were from the China Cardiovascular Association (CCA) Database-HF Center Registry. Between January 2017 and June 2021, 41 708 hospitalized HFpEF patients with 1-year follow-up from 481 CCA Database-HF Center certified secondary and tertiary hospitals across overall 31 provinces of mainland China were included in this study. Of study participants (mean age 72.2 years, 49.3% female), 18.2% had HHF in prior 1 year and 55.8% had New York Heart Association class III/IV. Median left ventricular ejection fraction was 59%. Ischaemia (26.6%), infection (14.4%) and arrhythmia (10.5%) were the three most common precipitating factors for index HHF. Nearly 67.4% had ≥3 comorbidities. Hypertension (65.2%), coronary heart disease (60.3%) and atrial fibrillation (41.2%) were the three most common comorbidities. Device and medication therapy non-compliance with current HF guideline recommendation was observed. The 1-year rate of clinical outcomes was 16.4%, the 1-year rate of HHF was 13.6% and CV death was 3.1%. Factors associated with clinical outcomes included HHF in prior 1 year, serum level of sodium <135 mmol/L and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide >1800 pg/ml. CONCLUSION: Patients with HFpEF from China were characterized by high comorbid burden and high 1-year risk of HHF and CV death. Immediate efforts are needed to improve HFpEF management in China.

12.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273853, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094925

RESUMO

To investigate the molecular pathological mechanisms of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) and elucidate the effects of acupuncture on IBS-D colonic mucosa protein abundance in rats, a label-free high-throughput liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based proteomics analysis was used to survey the global changes of colonic mucosa proteins between different groups. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group (C); the IBS-D model group (M); the syndrome differentiation acupuncture group (SD) and the traditional acupuncture group (T). IBS-D model rats were obtained using the CAS (chronic acute combining stress model) method. Comparative bioinformatics analysis of the proteomic data was analyzed using MaxQuant software, Perseus software, online tools DAVID, VENNY and STRING. Functional enrichment and network analyses revealed a close relationship between IBS-D and several biological processes including energy metabolism, muscular excitation/contraction, and both traditional acupuncture and syndrome differentiation acupuncture can reverse the impairments of normal energy metabolism. Moreover, the syndrome differentiation acupuncture can regulate the protein cluster relating inflammation, wound repair and cell protection against oxidative stress which is associated with acupuncture analgesic effect. Differentially expressed proteins Atp5a1 and Bpnt1 were selected as representative proteins and subjected to western blotting. In conclusion, our study provides further insight into the pathological and molecular mechanisms of IBS-D and acupuncture treatments, and serves as an experimental basis for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Animais , Diarreia/complicações , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/complicações , Masculino , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Environ Res ; 215(Pt 1): 114222, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alpine meadows, typical steppes, and deserts are among the globally important rangeland types that are generally distributed along temperature and precipitation gradients. Mineral losses caused by grazing are one of the key factors that can lead to instability or even degradation of these rangeland ecosystems. METHODS: We examined the concentrations of Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn in soil, forage, and livestock dungs from diverse rangeland types in northwest China, to determine the relationships between these trace elements (TEs) concentrations and climatic factors (i.e., temperature, precipitation, and humidity), and to evaluate the potential risks of TEs deficiencies or excesses in these rangeland ecosystems. RESULTS: Forage Zn concentrations in forage of all three types of rangeland, and Cu concentrations in forage of the alpine meadow did not meet the growth requirements of grazing livestock. Concentrations of Cu, Fe, and Mn in forage and Fe, Mn, and Zn in livestock dungs had quadratic parabola relationships with temperature, precipitation, and humidity, but the relationships between climate factors and Cu, Fe, and Mn concentrations in soil were not significant. In addition, the abilities of the plant to absorb Cu, Fe, and Zn from soil were stronger in the typical steppe than that in the alpine meadows and desert. Also, the abilities of livestock to return TEs to soil were stronger in the alpine meadow than that in the typical steppe and desert. CONCLUSION: We derived a conceptual mode that the ratio of TE concentrations of the plant to soil and of livestock dung to forage represents the abilities of plants to absorb TEs from the soil matrix and livestock to return TEs to soil or to absorb TEs from forage, respectively. Results indicate potentially more serious risks of TEs deficiencies, especially that of Zn than previously considered in typical steppes and desert rangelands.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 983470, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133822

RESUMO

Citrus fruits are composed of oil cells layer, white membrane layer, pulp and seeds. The cultivar Citrus aurantium 'Changshan-huyou' (CACH) is a hybridization of Citrus grandis Osbeck and C. sinensis Osbeck. It is a rutaceae plant, and mainly grows in Changshan, Zhejiang, China. With the exploration of its high traditional values, it has been paid more and more attention by the scientific community in recent years. At present, one hundred and two chemical constituents have been identified from the pulp and peel of CACH, including volatile oils, terpenoids, phenols, limonins, sugars, etc., As the representative active component of CACH, phenols have been widely investigated. Studies have shown that CACH shows a variety of significant pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective activity, respiratory system protection and intestinal regulation activity. This review mainly introduces the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of CACH, and discusses its future research and development directions. It will provide theoretical basis for further research of its pharmacodynamic substances, functional mechanism and rational utilization.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 313: 120112, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084736

RESUMO

Environmental cadmium (Cd) or high-fat diet (HFD) exposure alone are risk factors of male infertility. However, the effect and mechanism of co-exposure to HFD and Cd on sperm quality remain unclear. This study was aimed to explore the combined effects of HFD and Cd on spermatogenesis as well as its m6A-dependent mechanism in vivo and in vitro. As a result, co-exposure of HFD and Cd resulted in a significant decrease in the number of mature testicular seminiferous tubules and epididymis sperm quantity in mice, compared with Cd or HFD exposure alone. Correspondingly, the mRNAs expression of Smc3(spermatocytes marker), Acrv1(round spermatids marker) and Lzumo3(elongated spermatids marker) were downregulated in HFD and Cd group. Furthermore, combined exposure downregulated the expression of meiosis-related proteins (STRA8 and SYCP3), increased the m6A level of Stra8, and upregulated the expression of m6A-related proteins (METTL3 and YTHDF2) in mouse spermatocytes. Mechanistically, the above-mentioned impacts caused by co-exposure were markedly restored by Mettl3 siR and Ythdf2 siR. In addition, RNA stability assay showed that Ythdf2 siR obviously reversed co-exposure-increased Stra8 mRNA degradation rate in actinomycin-D-treated mouse spermatocytes. Meanwhile, excess ROS was observed in combined-exposure group, and a free radical scavenger N-tert-Butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN) attenuated co-exposure-upregulated expression of METTL3 and YTHDF2 in mouse spermatocytes. These results suggested that combination of HFD and Cd impaired spermatogenesis by degrading Stra8 in an m6A-YTHDF2-dependent manner via ROS activation.

16.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066564

RESUMO

Reliable power supplies at extremely high temperatures are urgently needed to broaden the application scenarios for electric devices. Aqueous zinc metal batteries (ZMBs) with intrinsic safety are a promising alterative for high-temperature energy storage. However, the reversibility and long-term cycling stability of aqueous ZMBs at extremely high temperatures (≥100 °C) have rarely been explored. Herein, we reveal that spontaneous Zn corrosion and severe electrochemical hydrogen evolution at high temperature are vital restrictions for traditional aqueous ZMBs. To address this, a crowding agent, 1,5-pentanediol, was introduced into an aqueous electrolyte to suppress water reactivity by strengthening O-H bonds of H2O and decreasing H2O content in the Zn2+ solvation sheath, while maintaining flame resistance of the electrolyte. Importantly, this electrolyte enabled reversible Zn deposition with a Coulombic efficiency of 98.1% and a long cycling life of Zn//Zn batteries for over 500 cycles (at 1 mA cm-2 and 0.5 mAh cm-2) at 100 °C. Moreover, stable cycling of Zn//Te full batteries at 100 °C was demonstrated.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081926

RESUMO

Purpose: Multiple reports have demonstrated that highly expressed chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) exists in a range of malignant tumors and is involved in proliferation, invasion, and migration of cancer cells. There are few studies on CLIC1 and breast cancer (BC). The purpose of this research was to evaluate the expression level of CLIC1 in BC and its impact on prognosis of BC patients. Patients and Methods: Differences in CLIC1 expression levels in 25 pairs of BC and corresponding paracancerous specimens were tested by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot (WB). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to discuss the relevance between CLIC1 expression in BC tissue chips and clinicopathological parameters of BC patients. The effect of CLIC1 expression on patient prognosis was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve assessed the diagnostic performance of CLIC1 for BC. Results: The experimental results of qRT-PCR and WB demonstrated that CLIC1 was highly expressed in BC tissues. IHC results showed that overexpression of CLIC1 was strictly correlated with tumor size, TNM classification, pathological grade, lymph node metastasis and Ki67. Patients with lower CLIC1 expression had longer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Cox regression analysis and ROC curve confirmed that CLIC1 could independently influence the prognosis of BC patients and might have diagnostic efficiency. Conclusion: Overexpressed CLIC1 is closely related to the progression of BC and the poor prognosis of the patients, suggesting that it may act as a potential biological diagnostic index for BC.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 954955, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081933

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy has shifted the paradigm for cancer treatment in the past decade, but new immunotherapies enabling the effective treatment of solid tumors are still greatly demanded. Here we report a pore-forming hydrogel-based immunotherapy that enables simultaneous recruitment of dendritic cells and in situ activation of T cells, for reshaping the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and amplifying cytotoxic T lymphocyte response. The injectable pore-forming hydrogel composed of porogen-dispersed alginate network can form a macroporous structure upon injection into mice, and enables controlled release of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a chemoattractant for recruiting dendritic cells, and epacadostat, an inhibitor of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase for activating T cells. We show that gels loaded with GM-CSF and epacadostat, after peritumoral injection, can recruit massive dendritic cells in situ and activate effector T cells in the tumor tissues, resulting in enhanced frequency and activation status of dendritic cells, reduced numbers of regulatory T (Treg) cells, and increased CD8+/Treg ratios in the tumor microenvironment. This hydrogel-based immunotherapy holds great promise for treating poorly-immunogenic solid tumors.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 963255, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081943

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have shown that soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulators have cardiovascular (CV) benefits. However, few bibliometric analyses have examined this field systematically. Our study aimed to examine the publications to determine the trends and hotspots in CV research on sGC stimulators. Methods: Publications on sGC stimulators in CV research were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection. VOSviewer and CiteSpace visualization software were used to analyze publication trends, countries (regions) and institutions, journals and cited journals, authors and cited references, as well as keywords. Results: A total of 1,212 literatures were obtained. From its first appearance in 1992-2021 (based on WOSCC record), the overall volume of publications has shown a gradual increasing trend. Nearly one-third were authored by American scholars, and most were published in Circulation, Circulation Research, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Bayer Agency in Germany was the leading driving force, and has a high academic reputation in this field. Stasch JP has published the most related articles and been cited most frequently. Half of the top 10 co-cited references were published in the leading highly co-cited journal Circulation and New England Journal of Medicine. "NO," "allosteric regulation" and "free radicals" were the focus of previous research, "chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension," "pulmonary hypertension" and "heart failure" were the main research hotspots. The key words "chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension," "Pulmonary hypertension," "preserved ejection fraction" and "heart failure" appeared most recently as research frontiers. Conclusion: The research in the CV field of sGC stimulators was relatively comprehensive, and there was a close relationship among countries, research institutions and authors, but it is still in the exploratory stage in the treatment of CV disease. At present, most studies focus on the results of clinical trials. sGC stimulators in the treatment of heart failure, especially heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, may be the hotpots and Frontier at present and in the future, and should be closely monitored.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089122

RESUMO

The prognosis for pathologically node-negative (pN0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) with surgery alone remains poor. We aimed to develop a model for a more precise prediction of recurrence, which will allow personalized management for pN0 ESCC after upfront complete resection. Clinical and pathological records of patients with completely resected pT1-3N0M0 ESCC were retrospectively analyzed between January 2014 and December 2019. A nomogram for the prediction of recurrence was established based on the Cox regression analysis and evaluated by C-index, AUC, and calibration curves. The model was further validated using bootstrap resampling and k-fold cross-validation and compared with the 8th edition of the AJCC TNM staging system using Td-ROC, NRI, IDI, and DCA. Two-hundred-and seventy cases were included in this study. The median follow-up was 45 months. Distant and/or loco-regional recurrences were noted in 89 (33.0%) patients. The predictive model revealed pT-category, differentiation, perineural invasion, examined lymph nodes (ELN), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as independent risk factors for recurrence, with a c-index of 0.725 in the bootstrapping cohort. Td-ROC, NRI, and IDI showed a better predictive ability than the AJCC 8th TNM staging system. Based on this model, patients in the low-risk group had a significantly lower recurrence incidence than those in the high-risk group (P < 0.001). The predictive model developed in this study may facilitate the precise prediction of recurrences for pN0 ESCC after upfront surgery. Stratifying management of those patients might bring significantly better survival benefits.

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