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1.
J Imaging Inform Med ; 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343259

RESUMO

Fully supervised medical image segmentation methods use pixel-level labels to achieve good results, but obtaining such large-scale, high-quality labels is cumbersome and time consuming. This study aimed to develop a weakly supervised model that only used image-level labels to achieve automatic segmentation of four types of uterine lesions and three types of normal tissues on magnetic resonance images. The MRI data of the patients were retrospectively collected from the database of our institution, and the T2-weighted sequence images were selected and only image-level annotations were made. The proposed two-stage model can be divided into four sequential parts: the pixel correlation module, the class re-activation map module, the inter-pixel relation network module, and the Deeplab v3 + module. The dice similarity coefficient (DSC), the Hausdorff distance (HD), and the average symmetric surface distance (ASSD) were employed to evaluate the performance of the model. The original dataset consisted of 85,730 images from 316 patients with four different types of lesions (i.e., endometrial cancer, uterine leiomyoma, endometrial polyps, and atypical hyperplasia of endometrium). A total number of 196, 57, and 63 patients were randomly selected for model training, validation, and testing. After being trained from scratch, the proposed model showed a good segmentation performance with an average DSC of 83.5%, HD of 29.3 mm, and ASSD of 8.83 mm, respectively. As far as the weakly supervised methods using only image-level labels are concerned, the performance of the proposed model is equivalent to the state-of-the-art weakly supervised methods.

2.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345749

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glucose not only provides energy for tumor cells, but also provides various biomolecules that are essential for their survival, proliferation and invasion. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to understand the mechanism of how tumor cells adapt to metabolic stress and maintain their survival. The aim of this research was to study the critical role of OGT and TRIM29 O-GlcNAc modification driven adaptability of PDAC cells to low glucose stress, which might have important medical implications for PDAC therapy. METHODS: Western blotting, mass spectrometry and WGA-immunoprecipitation were used to examined the levels of OGT and O-GlcNAc glycosylated proteins in BxPC3 and SW1990 cells in normal culture and under glucose deprivation conditions. Crystal violet assay, flow cytometry, RIP, RT-qPCR, protein stability assay, biotin pull down were used to investigate the mechanism of OGT and TRIM29-mediated adaptive response to glucose deficiency in PDAC cells. RESULTS: The current study found that under the condition of low glucose culture, the levels of OGT and O-GlcNAc glycosylation in PDAC cells were significantly higher than those in normal culture. Moreover, the high expression of OGT has a protective effect on PDAC cells under low glucose stress. This study confirmed that there was no significant change in mRNA level and protein degradation of OGT under low glucose stress, which was mainly reflected in the increase of protein synthesis. In addition, O-GlcNAc modification at T120 site plays a critical role in the metabolic adaptive responses mediated by TRIM29. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our study indicated that O-GlcNAcylation of TRIM29 at T120 site and OGT translation forms a loop feedback to facilitate survival of PDAC under glucose deficiency.

3.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337095

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between flatfoot morphology and body mass and height in children aged 6-12 years. A total of 6471 Chinese children (mean age 9.0 ± 1.9 years, 41% female) were assessed for foot morphometry, body height, and body mass index. Foot morphology, including foot length, width, girth, arch height, hallux valgus angle, and rearfoot valgus angle, was measured using a 3D laser scanner. Flatfoot evaluations were conducted using the Sztriter-Godunov index (KY) from footprints. All measurements were analyzed by age and sex using the mean values of the left and right sides. Comparisons were performed between flatfoot groups, between body mass index (BMI) groups, and between body height groups. The study revealed a significant decrease in the incidence of bipedal flatfoot with age (p < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of obesity remained consistent (p > 0.05). Bipedal flatfoot was associated with distinct morphological changes, including lower arches, reduced instep height, diminished ankle heights and a greater rearfoot valgus angle (p < 0.05). When comparing the BMI groups, overweight children had larger and thicker feet (p < 0.05), but no differences were found in arch height and ankle height (p > 0.05). When comparing the body height groups, short-statured children had a shorter feet girth, shorter arches, and shorter ankle height (p < 0.05), but no differences were found in the rearfoot valgus angle (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The main characteristics of flat feet include lower arches and instep heights and ankle heights but higher rearfoot valgus angles. In general, overweight children's feet do not have the common features of flat feet. In contrast, short children had similar features of flatfoot except for rearfoot valgus. Assessment of posture, such as rearfoot valgus, can be critical in identifying children with flat feet. WHAT IS KNOWN: • The morphology of children's feet is associated with body growth, but the relationship between flatfeet and body mass and height remains controversial. WHAT IS NEW: • Three-dimensional foot measurement shows that body mass is generally not associated with flatfeet, while short children have lower arches but no rearfoot valgus.

4.
J Hepatol ; 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver fibrosis and cirrhosis resulting from chronic liver injury are major health burdens worldwide. However, clinical interventions and therapies that target fibrosis remain limited. Given the unique intrinsic features of macrophages and their capacity to engraft in the liver, we genetically engineered bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) with CAR to direct their phagocytic activity against hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in multiple mouse models. This study aimed to demonstrate the therapeutic efficacy of CAR macrophages (CAR-Ms) in mouse models of fibrosis and cirrhosis and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: uPAR expression was studied in patients with fibrosis/cirrhosis and in murine models of liver fibrosis, including mice treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), a 5-diethoxycarbonyl-1, 4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) diet, or high-fat/cholesterol/fructose (HFCF) diet. The safety and efficacy of CAR-Ms were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Adoptive transfer of CAR-Ms resulted in a significant reduction in liver fibrosis and the restoration of function in murine models of liver fibrosis. CAR-Ms modulated the hepatic immune microenvironment to recruit and modify the activation of endogenous immune cells to drive fibrosis regression. These CAR-Ms were able to recruit and present antigens to T cells and mount specific antifibrotic T-cell responses to reduce fibroblasts and liver fibrosis in mice. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings demonstrate the potential of using macrophages as a platform for CAR technology to provide an effective treatment option for liver fibrosis. CAR-Ms might be developed for treatment of patients with liver fibrosis.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e25554, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327441

RESUMO

Tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP) is a growing concern and may be a potential risk to marine environmental health due to its widespread usage and distribution. However, the toxic effects of TDCPP on cardiac development in marine fish have not been reported. In this study, Oryzias melastigma embryos were exposed to TDCPP at doses of 0, 0.04, 0.4, 4 and 40 µg/L from early embryogenesis to 10 days postfertilization (dpf). Then, the heart rate and sinus venosus-bulbus arteriosus (SV-BA) distance of the exposed embryos were measured at 5, 6, 8 and 10 dpf. Furthermore, alterations in the mRNA levels of the genes encoding cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), fibroblast growth factor 8 (FGF8), and GATA-binding protein 4 (GATA4) were evaluated at 5, 6, 8 and 10 dpf. We found that the heart rate significantly increased in all TDCPP exposure groups at 10 dpf. The SV-BA distance significantly decreased in all TDCPP exposure groups at all developmental stages (except for the 0.4 µg/L group at 5 dpf and the 4 µg/L group at 10 dpf). The mRNA expression of COX-2 was downregulated at 5 dpf, BMP4 was downregulated at 5 and 6 dpf, FGF8 was downregulated at 5, 6 and 8 dpf, GATA4 was downregulated at 8 dpf, and GATA4 was upregulated at 10 dpf. These results indicate that the changes in heart rate and SV-BA distance might be accompanied by disturbances in the four genes involved in cardiac development. Our findings will help to illustrate the possible cardiac toxic effects of marine fish exposed to TDCPP.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2308496, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308190

RESUMO

During maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) in the embryo, mRNA undergoes complex post-transcriptional regulatory processes. However, it is unclear whether and how alternative splicing plays a functional role in MZT. By analyzing transcriptome changes in mouse and human early embryos, dynamic changes in alternative splicing during MZT are observed and a previously unnoticed process of zygotic splicing activation (ZSA) following embryonic transcriptional activation is described. As the underlying mechanism of RNA splicing, splicing factors undergo dramatic maternal-to-zygotic conversion. This conversion relies on the key maternal factors BTG4 and PABPN1L and is zygotic-transcription-dependent. CDK11-dependent phosphorylation of the key splicing factor, SF3B1, and its aggregation with SRSF2 in the subnuclear domains of 2-cell embryos are prerequisites for ZSA. Isoforms generated by erroneous splicing, such as full-length Dppa4, hinder normal embryonic development. Moreover, alternative splicing regulates the conversion of early embryonic blastomeres from totipotency to pluripotency, thereby affecting embryonic lineage differentiation. ZSA is an essential post-transcriptional process of MZT and has physiological significance in generating new life. In addition to transcriptional activation, appropriate expression of transcript isoforms is also necessary for preimplantation embryonic development.

7.
Liver Int ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Emerging evidence suggests a detrimental impact of high red meat intake on hepatic steatosis. We investigated the potential interplay between red meat intake and gut microbiome on circulating levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and hepatic steatosis risk. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a representative sample of 754 community-dwelling adults in Huoshan, China. Diet was collected using 4 quarterly 3 consecutive 24-h dietary (12-day) recalls. We profiled faecal microbiome using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing and quantified serum TMAO and its precursors using LC-tandem MS (n = 333). We detected hepatic steatosis by FibroScan. The adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: TMAO levels but not its precursors were positively associated with the likelihood of hepatic steatosis (aOR per 1-SD increment 1.86, 95% CI 1.04-3.32). We identified 14 bacterial genera whose abundance was associated with TMAO concentration (pFDR < .05) belonging to the phyla Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria families. Per 10 g/day increase in red meat intake was positively associated with TMAO levels among participants who had higher red meat intake (>70 g/day) and higher TMAO-predicting microbial scores (TMS, ß = .045, p = .034), but not among others (pinteraction = .030). TMS significantly modified the positive association between red meat and steatosis (pinteraction = .032), with a stronger association being observed among participants with higher TMS (aOR 1.30, 95% CI 1.07-1.57). CONCLUSIONS: The bacterial genera that predicted TMAO levels may jointly modify the association between red meat intake and TMAO levels and the subsequent risk of hepatic steatosis.

8.
Foods ; 13(4)2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397553

RESUMO

Naringin is one of the common flavonoids in grapefruit, which has anti-cancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, its poor solubility limits its wide application. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of naringin combined with chitooligosaccharides with good biocompatibility by constructing a mouse model of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The results showed that the naringin-chitooligosaccharide (NG-COS) complex significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced weight loss, reduced food intake, tissue inflammatory infiltration, and proinflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α, INF-γ, and IL-1ß levels. The complex also significantly affected the content of malondialdehyde and the activities of MPO, SOD, and GSH in the liver, spleen, lungs, and serum of mice with systemic inflammation. In addition, NG-COS significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of inflammatory factors in the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. Principal component analysis showed that the complexes could inhibit LPS-induced systemic inflammation in mice, and the effect was significantly better than that of naringin and chitooligosaccharides alone. This study explored the synergistic effects of chitosan and naringin in reducing inflammation and could contribute to the development of novel biomedical interventions.

9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 218, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fusobacterium necrophorum (F. necrophorum)-induced necrotizing pneumonia is a rare but severe pulmonary infection. Insufficient microbiological detection methods can lead to diagnostic difficulties. METHODS: We report a case of F. necrophorum lung abscess diagnosed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). RESULTS: BALF-NGS detected F. necrophorum, guiding subsequent targeted antibiotic therapy. With active drainage and metronidazole treatment, the patient's condition was effectively treated. CONCLUSION: BALF-NGS is a valuable tool for the rapid diagnosis of infections caused by difficult-to-culture bacteria. It played a decisive role in the early identification of F. necrophorum, enabling timely and targeted antibiotic intervention. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial for the management of F. necrophorum pneumonia.


Assuntos
Infecções por Fusobacterium , Abscesso Pulmonar , Humanos , Fusobacterium , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Abscesso Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Abscesso Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Fusobacterium necrophorum , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
10.
Inorg Chem ; 63(7): 3402-3410, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330908

RESUMO

An efficient synthesis of 3-pyrrolylBODIPY dyes has been developed from a rational mixture of various aromatic aldehydes and pyrrole in a straightforward condensation reaction, followed by in situ successively oxidative nucleophilic substitution using a one-pot strategy. These resultant 3-pyrrolylBODIPYs without blocking substituents not only exhibit the finely tunable photophysical properties induced by the flexible meso-aryl substituents but also serve as a valuable synthetic framework for further selective functionalization. As a proof of such potential, one 3-pyrrolylBODIPY dye (581/603 nm) through the installation of the morpholine group is applicable for lysosome-targeting imaging. Furthermore, an ethene-bridged 3,3'-dipyrrolylBODIPY dimer was constructed, which displayed a near-infrared (NIR) emission extended to 1200 nm with a large fluorescence brightness (2840 M-1 cm-1). The corresponding dimer nanoparticles (NPs) afforded a high photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) value of 72.5%, eventually resulting in favorable photocytotoxicity (IC50 = 9.4 µM) and efficient in vitro eradication of HeLa cells under 808 nm laser irradiation, highlighting their potential application for photothermal therapy in the NIR window.


Assuntos
Corantes , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Células HeLa , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Imagem Óptica , Polímeros
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3890, 2024 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365946

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the prevalence and causes of visual impairment (VI) and blindness in Jiangsu Province, China in 2022 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants (n = 13,208, aged 18-93) underwent comprehensive ocular examinations. The prevalence and causes of binocular VI (presenting visual acuity [VA] ≥ 20/400 and < 20/63 in the better eye) and blindness (presenting VA < 20/400 in the better eye) were assessed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The estimation of refractive error prevalence was conducted using the following classification: myopia ≤ - 0.50 diopters (D), high myopia ≤ - 6.00 D, hyperopia ≥ 0.50 D, and anisometropia ≥ 1.00 D. The overall prevalence of binocular VI and blindness was 21.04% (95% confidence interval [CI] 20.35-21.74%) and 0.47% (95% CI 0.37-0.60%). The highest prevalence of binocular VI was in the population aged 18-24 years old (46.29%, [95% CI 44.30-48.28%]), those with education at university and above (43.47%, [95% CI 41.93-45.02%]), students (54.96%, [95% CI 52.73-57.17%]). Uncorrected refractive error (URE) was the leading cause of presenting binocular VI (93.40%) and blindness (50.79%). The prevalence of myopia was 54.75% (95% CI 53.90-55.60%). Actions are needed to control URE and myopia within the adult Chinese population, with a particular emphasis on the younger, well-educated demographic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Miopia , Erros de Refração , Baixa Visão , Pessoas com Deficiência Visual , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Pandemias , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/etiologia , Baixa Visão/epidemiologia , Erros de Refração/complicações , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Miopia/complicações , China/epidemiologia
13.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1276066, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374991

RESUMO

Background: Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke, and ischemic stroke is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Unfortunately, the reason for the build-up of atherosclerosis plaque is unknown. The miRNA-29c was reported to promote the phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in diabetes mice, eventually leading to plaque formation and bleeding. However, such studies are rare and limited to animal experiments. Methods: In our study, 40 patients were divided into a diabetic mellitus (DM) group and a non-DM group according to whether they were diagnosed with DM. Then, the real-time quantitative PCR was applied to examine the miRNA-29c level in human carotid plaque tissue derived from 40 subjects receiving carotid endarterectomy. Results: Briefly, diabetes patients had a decreased miRNA-29c level as compared with non-DM subjects, and this comparison was statistically significant (P = 0.02). Notably, variable miRNA-29c level was negatively associated with HbA1c level, although no statistical significance was observed. Moreover, there was an increased miRNA-29c level in patients with cerebral stroke. Conclusion: Collectively, the miRNA-29c level in the carotid plaque is closely associated with DM and cerebral stroke, which may contribute to atherosclerosis formation.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111699, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377855

RESUMO

Intracranial infections are among the most common complications of neurosurgery, with their incidence remaining high despite advancements in current neurosurgical techniques and aseptic technology. While the role of mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, a subset of innate-like T lymphocytes, in bacterial defense is well-established, their involvement in intracranial infections remains unclear. In this study, we utilized flow cytometry to assess the phenotype and function of circulating and CSF MAIT cells. Our findings revealed that MAIT cells were higher in the CSF compared to blood. Notably, a higher percentage of IL-17A + MAIT cells was detected in the CSF of patients with intracranial infections. Moreover, markers indicating activation and exhaustion were significantly upregulated in CSF MAIT cells. Furthermore, elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-12, and IL-18, were detected in the CSF supernatants. We hypothesized that the elevated levels of IL-1ß, IL-12, and IL-18 in the inflammatory milieu synergistically activate MAIT cells in the CSF. In particular, CD25 and Tim-3 expression of MAIT cells was increased by stimulation with IL-1ß, IL-12, and IL-18 or CSF supernatants of intracranial infection patients. Collectively, these findings provide important information underlying the innate immune response of patients with intracranial infections.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202402291, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380542

RESUMO

Developing combination chemotherapy systems with high drug loading efficiency at predetermined drug ratios to achieve a synergistic effect is important for cancer therapy. Herein, a polymeric dual-drug nanoparticle composed of a Pt(IV) prodrug derived from oxaliplatin and a mitochondria-targeting cytotoxic peptide is constructed through emulsion interfacial polymerization, which processes high drug loading efficiency and high biocompatibility. The depolymerization of polymeric dual-drug nanoparticle and the activation of Pt prodrug can be effectively triggered by the acidic tumor environment extracellularly and the high levels of glutathione intracellularly in cancer cells, respectively. The utilization of mitochondria-targeting peptide can inhibit ATP-dependent processes including drug efflux and DNA damage repair. This leads to increased accumulation of Pt-drugs within cancer cells. Eventually, the polymeric dual-drug nanoparticle demonstrates appreciable antitumor effects on both cell line derived and patient derived xenograft lung cancer model. It is highly anticipated that the polymeric dual-or multi-drug systems can be applied for combination chemotherapy to achieve enhanced anticancer activity and reduced side effects.

16.
Analyst ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380690

RESUMO

Mesoporous Fe3O4-loaded silver nanocomposites (Fe3O4@Ag) were simply fabricated as bi-functional nanozymes for the catalysis-based detection and removal of Hg2+ ions. It was found that the as-prepared magnetic Fe3O4@Ag could display peroxidase-like catalysis activity that could be rationally enhanced in the presence of Hg2+ ions. To our surprise, the shell of the Ag element may decrease the catalysis of the Fe3O4 to some degree. However, the Ag particles could serve as the probes for specifically recognizing Hg2+ ions and trigger increased catalysis through the formation of Ag-Hg alloys, with a decreased signal background. A high-throughput colorimetric analytical method was thereby developed based on the Fe3O4@Ag catalysis for probing Hg2+ ions in the muscles of fish by using 96-well plates, at linear Hg2+ concentrations ranging from 0.010 to 2.5 mg kg-1. Moreover, the developed colorimetric analytical method was applied to evaluate Hg2+ levels in muscle samples of different kinds of fish. Unexpectedly, an obvious difference of Hg2+ levels in muscles of four kinds of fish was discovered, with the order of snakehead (Ophicephalus argus) > largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) > crucian carp (Carassius auratus) > silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), where the carnivorous fish showed higher Hg2+ levels than the omnivorous or plant-based ones. Moreover, the as-fabricated Fe3O4@Ag adsorbents with their large specific surface area and high environmental robustness could exhibit efficient Hg2+ adsorption with capacities of up to 397.60 mg g-1. A removal efficiency of 99.40% can also be expected for Hg2+ ions from wastewater, with the magnet-aided recycling of Fe3O4@Ag adsorbents. Such an Fe3O4@Ag-based colorimetric analysis and removal strategy for Hg2+ ions should find wide applications in the fields of aquatic food safety, environmental monitoring, and clinical diagnostics of Hg-poisoning diseases.

17.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(3): 635-652, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358494

RESUMO

River energy serves as an indicator of pollutant-carrying capacity (PCC), influencing regional water quality dynamics. In this study, MIKE21 hydrodynamics-water quality models were developed for two scenarios, and grid-by-grid numerical integration of energy was conducted for the Yangtze River's mainstream. Comparison of predicted and measured values at monitoring points revealed a close fit, with average relative errors ranging from 5.17 to 8.37%. The concept of PCC was introduced to assess water flow's ability to transport pollutants during its course, elucidating the relationship between river energy and water quality. A relationship model between Unit Area Energy (UAE) and PCC was fitted (R2 = 0.8184). Temporally, reservoir construction enhanced the smoothness of UAE distribution by 74.47%, attributable to peak shaving and flow regulation. While this flood-drought season energy transfer reduced PCC differences, it concurrently amplified pollutant retention by 40.95%. Spatially, energy distribution fine-tuned PCC values, showcasing binary variation with energy changes and a critical threshold. Peak PCC values for TP, NH3-N, and COD were 2.46, 2.26, and 54.09 t/(km·a), respectively. These insights support local utility regulators and decision-makers in navigating low-carrying capacity, sensitive areas, enhancing targeted water protection measures for increased effectiveness and specificity.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Rios , Qualidade da Água , Hidrodinâmica , Inundações
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 7883-7893, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299449

RESUMO

Effective heat dissipation and real-time temperature monitoring are crucial for ensuring the long-term stable operation of modern, high-performance electronic products. This study proposes a silicon rubber polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based nanocomposite with a rapid thermal response and high thermal conductivity. This nanocomposite enables both rapid heat dissipation and real-time temperature monitoring for high-performance electronic products. The reported material primarily consists of a thermally conductive layer (Al2O3/PDMS composites) and a reversible thermochromic layer (organic thermochromic material, graphene oxide, and PDMS nanocoating; OTM-GO/PDMS). The thermal conductivity of OTM-GO/Al2O3/PDMS nanocomposites reached 4.14 W m-1 K-1, reflecting an increase of 2200% relative to that of pure PDMS. When the operating temperature reached 35, 45, and 65 °C, the surface of OTM-GO/Al2O3/PDMS nanocomposites turned green, yellow, and red, respectively, and the thermal response time was only 30 s. The OTM-GO/Al2O3/PDMS nanocomposites also exhibited outstanding repeatability and maintained excellent color stability over 20 repeated applications.

19.
Cancer Lett ; 587: 216703, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341127

RESUMO

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a highly malignant and rapidly progressing tumor of the human biliary system, and there is an urgent need to develop new therapeutic targets and modalities. Non-POU domain-containing octamer-binding protein (NONO) is an RNA-binding protein involved in the regulation of transcription, mRNA splicing, and DNA repair. NONO expression is elevated in multiple tumors and can act as an oncogene to promote tumor progression. Here, we found that NONO was highly expressed in GBC and promoted tumor cells growth. The dysregulation of RNA splicing is a molecular feature of almost all tumor types. Accordingly, mRNA-seq and RIP-seq analysis showed that NONO promoted exon6 skipping in DLG1, forming two isomers (DLG1-FL and DLG1-S). Furthermore, lower Percent-Spliced-In (PSI) values of DLG1 were detected in tumor tissue relative to the paraneoplastic tissue, and were associated with poor patient prognosis. Moreover, DLG1-S and DLG1-FL act as tumor promoters and tumor suppressors, respectively, by regulating the YAP1/JUN pathway. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most common and abundant RNA modification involved in alternative splicing processes. We identified an m6A reader, IGF2BP3, which synergizes with NONO to promote exon6 skipping in DLG1 in an m6A-dependent manner. Furthermore, IP/MS results showed that RBM14 was bound to NONO and interfered with NONO-mediated exon6 skipping of DLG1. In addition, IGF2BP3 disrupted the binding of RBM14 to NONO. Overall, our data elucidate the molecular mechanism by which NONO promotes DLG1 exon skipping, providing a basis for new therapeutic targets in GBC treatment.

20.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1353, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355624

RESUMO

There is strong evidence that obesity is a risk factor for poor semen quality. However, the effects of multigenerational paternal obesity on the susceptibility to cadmium (a reproductive toxicant)-induced spermatogenesis disorders in offspring remain unknown. Here, we show that, in mice, spermatogenesis and retinoic acid levels become progressively lower as the number of generations exposed to a high-fat diet increase. Furthermore, exposing several generations of mice to a high fat diet results in a decrease in the expression of Wt1, a transcription factor upstream of the enzymes that synthesize retinoic acid. These effects can be rescued by injecting adeno-associated virus 9-Wt1 into the mouse testes of the offspring. Additionally, multigenerational paternal high-fat diet progressively increases METTL3 and Wt1 N6-methyladenosine levels in the testes of offspring mice. Mechanistically, treating the fathers with STM2457, a METTL3 inhibitor, restores obesity-reduced sperm count, and decreases Wt1 N6-methyladenosine level in the mouse testes of the offspring. A case-controlled study shows that human donors who are overweight or obese exhibit elevated N6-methyladenosine levels in sperm and decreased sperm concentration. Collectively, these results indicate that multigenerational paternal obesity enhances the susceptibility of the offspring to spermatogenesis disorders by increasing METTL3-mediated Wt1 N6-methyladenosine modification.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Análise do Sêmen , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Pai , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Metiltransferases , Obesidade/metabolismo , Sêmen/metabolismo , Tretinoína
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