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1.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(2): 101398, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301654

RESUMO

Prenatal dexamethasone exposure (PDE) can lead to increased susceptibility to various diseases in adult offspring, but its effect on gut microbiota composition and the relationship with disease susceptibility remains unclear. In this study, we find sex-differential changes in the gut microbiota of 6-month-old infants with prenatal dexamethasone therapy (PDT) that persisted in female infants up to 2.5 years of age with altered bile acid metabolism. PDE female offspring rats show abnormal colonization and composition of gut microbiota and increased susceptibility to cholestatic liver injury. The aberrant gut microbiota colonization in the PDE offspring can be attributed to the inhibited Muc2 expression caused by decreased CDX2 expression before and after birth. Integrating animal and cell experiments, we further confirm that dexamethasone could inhibit Muc2 expression by activating GR/HDAC11 signaling and regulating CDX2 epigenetic modification. This study interprets abnormal gut microbiota and disease susceptibility in PDT offspring from intrauterine intestinal dysplasia.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Gravidez , Ratos , Animais , Feminino , Lactente , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Ratos Wistar , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Epigênese Genética
2.
Aquat Toxicol ; 268: 106861, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340542

RESUMO

Abamectin is a globally used pesticide, which is one of 16-member macrocyclic lactones compound. As an environmental contaminant, pesticide residues pose a great threat to the health and survival of aquatic animals. Procambarus clarkii is one of the most important economic aquatic animals in China. It is necessary to explore the toxic mechanism of abamectin to P. clarkii. In this study, the toxic mechanism of abamectin to P. clarkii was investigated by 0, 3 and 6 µg/L abamectin stress for 28 days. The digestive-, antioxidant- and immune- related enzymes activities, genes expression levels, and histological observations were analytical indicators of growth performance, digestive capacity, and defense systems. The results in this study showed that with abamectin concentration increasing, the growth of P. clarkii was stunted significantly, and the mortality rate increased significantly. With exposure time and abamectin concentration increasing, the expression levels of related genes, the activities of digestive-, antioxidant-, and immune- related enzymes decreased ultimately. Moreover, through histological observation, it was found that with abamectin concentration increasing, the hepatopancreas, muscle, and intestine were damaged. As elucidated by the results, once abamectin exists in the environment for a long time, even low doses will threaten to healthy growth and survival of P. clarkii. This study explored the potential toxicity and the toxic mechanism of abamectin to P. clarkii, and provides a theoretical basis for further study on the toxicity of pesticides to aquatic animals.

3.
Plos negl. trop. dis ; 18(2): e0011865, fev.2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | CONASS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1527399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChCM) is a severe form of Chagas disease and a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The dysregulation of the immune response leads to cardiac remodeling and functional disruptions, resulting in life-threatening complications. Conventional diagnostic methods have limitations, and therapeutic response evaluation is challenging. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), important regulators of gene expression, show potential as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis. AIM: This review aims to summarize experimental findings on miRNA expression in ChCM and explore the potential of these miRNAs as biomarkers of Chagas disease. METHODS: The search was conducted in the US National Library of Medicine MEDLINE/PubMed public database using the terms "Chagas cardiomyopathy" OR "Chagas disease" AND "microRNA" OR "miRNA" OR "miR." Additionally, bioinformatics analysis was performed to investigate miRNA-target interactions and explore enrichment pathways of gene ontology biological processes and molecular functions. RESULTS: The miR-21, miR-146b, miR-146a, and miR-155 consistently exhibited up-regulation, whereas miR-145 was down-regulated in ChCM. These specific miRNAs have been linked to fibrosis, immune response, and inflammatory processes in heart tissue. Moreover, the findings from various studies indicate that these miRNAs have the potential as biomarkers for the disease and could be targeted in therapeutic strategies for ChCM. CONCLUSION: In this review, we point out miR-21, miR-146b, miR-146a, miR-155, and miR-145-5p role in the complex mechanisms of ChCM. These miRNAs have been shown as potential biomarkers for precise diagnosis, reliable prognostic evaluation, and effective treatment strategies in the ChCM.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Doença de Chagas , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , MicroRNAs
4.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1359340, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414769

RESUMO

Background: The escalating resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae, a prevalent pathogen in healthcare settings, especially its carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP), to a wide array of antibiotics, notably ß-lactams, constitutes a formidable challenge for healthcare and global public health management. Methods: This research compared the resistance phenotypes and genomic profiles of CRKP and Non-CRKP isolates in a Beijing hospital, focusing on high-risk blaKPC-2 gene-bearing CRKP clones and the structure of mobile genetic elements facilitating their spread across hospital departments. Forty K. pneumoniae isolates were collected from various departments of the hospital and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing and whole-genome sequencing to analyze their resistance phenotypes and genomic features. Results: The study revealed that among the 31 CRKP isolates, ST11 is the most common sequence type, with K47 and OL101 being the dominant capsule types, primarily observed in the respiratory department. In terms of antimicrobial susceptibility: 87.5% of the isolates exhibited multidrug resistance (MDR), with a high resistance rate of 30% against tigecycline. All CRKP isolates demonstrated resistance to multiple drug classes (≥5 CLSI classes). Non-CRKP isolates also showed high resistance rates to minocycline and doxycycline (77.8%). the ST11-KL47-OL101 type emerged as the predominant clone among the CRKP isolates carrying the blaKPC-2 gene. This dominance appears to be mediated by the pKpnR03_2 plasmid, which harbors not only blaKPC-2 and rmtb but also gene clusters pertinent to iron transport and arsenic resistance. These isolates, clustering in the C3 clade of the phylogenetic tree, exhibited minor genetic variations and close evolutionary relationships, suggesting a plasmid-driven spread across various hospital departments. Conclusion: In summary, our study highlights the extensive spread of antibiotic-resistant K. pneumoniae across various departments in our hospital, with a particular emphasis on the dominant clonal proliferation of the ST11-KL47-OL101 CRKP strain. This finding underscores the significant role of plasmid-mediated gene transfer in the evolution and dissemination of resistant strains within hospital environments. The study emphasizes the necessity for ongoing surveillance of antibiotic resistance and genomic analysis in hospital settings to effectively monitor and manage these challenges.

5.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 17: 679-689, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414906

RESUMO

Purpose: Numerous cross-sectional investigations have delved into the association between the self-esteem of college students and problematic social media use (PSMU). Nevertheless, the debated causal sequence between the two factors persists, and their unclear developmental connection over time prevails. Methods: We used a questionnaire method to follow 321 students in Chinese college over a period of 18 months and three times, of which 137 are male and 184 are female, with an average age of 18.42 years (SD = 0.78) at time 1. Descriptive statistics were used to present the general characteristics of the study participants. Moreover, the latent growth model was used to explore the developmental trajectory of self-esteem and PSMU and to explore the interplay between the two factors from a developmental perspective. On this basis, a cross-lagged model was used to verify the causal relationship between self-esteem and PSMU. Results: In China, (a) the self-esteem levels of college students continuously decline during their academic years, whilst PSMU levels steadily increase. (b) The self-esteem of Chinese college students significantly negatively predicts PSMU. (c) The initial level of self-esteem amongst Chinese college students can significantly negatively predict the initial level of PSMU. Additionally, the rate of decline in self-esteem amongst Chinese college students can negatively predict the rate of increase in PSMU. Conclusion: Obtained results serve as a valuable resource for researchers and educators, enabling strategic intervention in addressing issues related to PSMU amongst college students from a developmental perspective.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133733, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367435

RESUMO

The pervasive issue of microplastics pollution has garnered public attention, yet urban residents remain unaware of the threat within their living spaces. Urban road dust, as primary reservoirs for environmental microplastics, offers an insightful perspective into their occurrence and characteristics. This study investigated microplastics in the urban road dust in Nanjing, a megacity in eastern China, to reveal their spatiotemporal pattern. The abundance of microplastics in the road dust measured 143.3 ± 40.8 particles/m2, with predominant fragments and suspected tire wear particles, particularly those below 100 µm. Significant spatial variations were observed across urban functional zones (P < 0.05), with commercial and heavy industrial areas experiencing the highest microplastic pollution (up to 223.5 particles/m2). Infrared spectroscopy analysis identified 29 polymer types, with polystyrene (PS), polyamide (PA), and polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) prevailing. Light industrial zones exhibited slight contamination (mean = 93.4 particles/m2) but with diverse polymer components (24 types). Redundancy analysis and variation partitioning revealed that urban functional zoning, 7-day accumulated precipitation, and monthly PM2.5 primarily influenced the occurrence and characteristics of microplastics in urban road dust (P = 0.001). This study deepened our understanding of microplastics pollution in urban environments, providing novel insights for effective urban environmental management and improvement.

7.
Small ; : e2310012, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368250

RESUMO

Developing efficient nonprecious bifunctional electrocatalysts for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (HER and OER) in the same electrolyte with a low overpotential and large current density presents an appealing yet challenging goal for large-scale water electrolysis. Herein, a unique 3D self-branched hierarchical nanostructure composed of ultra-small cobalt phosphide (CoP) nanoparticles embedded into N, P-codoped carbon nanotubes knitted hollow nanowall arrays (CoPʘNPCNTs HNWAs) on carbon textiles (CTs) through a carbonization-phosphatization process is presented. Benefiting from the uniform protrusion distributions of CoP nanoparticles, the optimum CoPʘNPCNTs HNWAs composites with high abundant porosity exhibit superior electrocatalytic activity and excellent stability for OER in alkaline conditions, as well as for HER in both acidic and alkaline electrolytes, even under large current densities. Furthermore, the assembled CoPʘNPCNTs/CTs||CoPʘNPCNTs/CTs electrolyzer demonstrates exceptional performance, requiring an ultralow cell voltage of 1.50 V to deliver the current density of 10 mA cm-2 for overall water splitting (OWS) with favorable stability, even achieving a large current density of 200 mA cm-2 at a low cell voltage of 1.78 V. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation further reveals that all the C atoms between N and P atoms in CoPʘNPCNTs/CTs act as the most efficient active sites, significantly enhancing the electrocatalytic properties. This strategy, utilizing 2D MOF arrays as a structural and compositional material to create multifunctional composites/hybrids, opens new avenues for the exploration of highly efficient and robust non-noble-metal catalysts for energy-conversion reactions.

8.
Pediatr Neurol ; 153: 159-165, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the risk factors for preoperative massive cerebral infarction (MCI) in pediatric patients with moyamoya disease (MMD). METHODS: Pediatric patients with MMD treated between 2017 and 2022 were enrolled. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for MCI among the patients, and a nomogram was constructed to identify potential predictors of MCI. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and areas under the curves were calculated to determine the effects of different risk factors. RESULTS: This study included 308 pediatric patients with MMD, including 36 with MCI. The MCI group exhibited an earlier age of onset than the non-MCI group. Significant intergroup differences were observed in familial MMD history, postcirculation involvement, duration from diagnosis to initiation of treatment, Suzuki stage, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) score, collateral circulation score, and RNF213 p.R4810K variations. Family history, higher MRA score, lower collateral circulation score, and RNF213 p.R4810K variations were substantial risk factors for MCI in pediatric patients with MMD. The nomogram demonstrated excellent discrimination and calibration capabilities. The integrated ROC model, which included all the abovementioned four variables, showed superior diagnostic precision with a sensitivity of 67.86%, specificity of 87.01%, and accuracy of 85.11%. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that family history, elevated MRA score, reduced collateral circulation score, and RNF213 p.R4810K variations are risk factors for MCI in pediatric patients with MMD. The synthesized model including these variables demonstrated superior predictive efficacy; thus, it can facilitate early identification of at-risk patients and timely initiation of appropriate interventions.

9.
Food Chem ; 445: 138753, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394905

RESUMO

Crocodile meat is a novel reptile meat source, but its processing method is rare. This study investigated the effect of κ-carrageenan addition and partial substitution of NaCl on the gel properties of crocodile myofibrillar protein (CMP). Result showed that CMP formed gel when temperature above 60 ℃. The water-holding capacity, gel strength, denaturation degree, sulfhydryl content covalent bond and hydrophobic bond of gel in KCl solution were significantly higher than those in CaCl2 solution (P < 0.05). K+ induced CMP to form a tight network structure with uniform small pores though covalent and hydrophobic bonds, but the gel properties were reduced by κ-carrageenan. In CaCl2 solution, κ-carrageenan improved the gel structure by filling the protein network through hydrogen bonding. Therefore, it can be concluded that KCl is better than CaCl2 in the manufacturing of low-sodium crocodile foods. Moreover, κ-carrageenan was only beneficial to gel quality in CaCl2 solution.

10.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 242: 116028, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395002

RESUMO

The discovery of bitter constituents is of great significance to the exploration of medicinal substances for they have potential physiological effects. Carbonized Typhae Pollen (CTP), which is a typical example of carbonized Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), has a bitter taste and hemostatic effect after carbonized processing. The objective of this study is to elucidate the material basis of bitter constituents in CTP. Firstly, the constituents of CTP extracts with 7 different solvents were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Then, multivariate statistical analysis was used to visualize the CTP extracts from 7 solvents. A total of 37 constituents were tentatively identified and 17 constituents were considered as the key constituents in differentiating 7 different solvent extracts. Subsequently, the bitter evaluation of extracts from different polar parts was investigated by using an electronic tongue. As a result, the order of bitterness of the extracts was as follows: ethanol > methanol > water > n-butyl alcohol > petroleum ether > butyl acetate > isopropanol. There were statistically significant differences in the bitter degree of extracts. By correlation analysis of bitter information and chemical constituents with partial least squares regression (PLSR), 8 potential bitterness constituents were discovered, including phenylalanine, valine, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, palmitic acid, citric acid, quercetin-3-O-(2-α-L-rhamnosyl)-rutinoside, and typhaneoside. Additionally, molecular docking analysis was conducted to reveal the interaction of these constituents with the bitter taste receptor. The docking result showed that these constituents could be embedded well into the active pocket of T2R46 and had significant affinity interactions with critical amino acid residues by forming hydrogen bonds. This study provided a reliable theoretical basis for future research on biological activity of bitterness substances.

11.
Eur J Protistol ; 93: 126061, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394997

RESUMO

Recent progress in high-throughput sequencing technologies has dramatically increased availability of genome data for prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Dinoflagellates have distinct chromosomes and a huge genome size, which make their genomic analysis complicated. Here, we reviewed the nuclear genomes of core dinoflagellates, focusing on the genome and cell size. Till now, the genome sizes of several dinoflagellates (more than 25) have been measured by certain methods (e.g., flow cytometry), showing a range of 3-250 pg of genomic DNA per cell. In contrast to their relatively small cell size, their genomes are huge (about 1-80 times the human haploid genome). In the present study, we collected the genome and cell size data of dinoflagellates and compared their relationships. We found that dinoflagellate genome size exhibits a positive correlation with cell size. On the other hand, we recognized that the genome size is not correlated with phylogenetic relatedness. These may be caused by genome duplication, increased gene copy number, repetitive non-coding DNA, transposon expansion, horizontal gene transfer, organelle-to-nucleus gene transfer, and/or mRNA reintegration into the genome. Ultimate verification of these factors as potential causative mechanisms would require sequencing of more dinoflagellate genomes in the future.

12.
Physiol Behav ; : 114504, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408718

RESUMO

Under the current meat sheep breeding system, newborn lambs usually live with their mothers until weaning, and in daily management, they often need to be separated from their ewes for a short period due to dehorning, disease treatment, etc. Such short-term separation was considered to be a high-intensity stress for the lambs. This study aimed to explore the effects of 1 h sensory separations on behaviors and the concentration of stress-related indicators of small-tailed Han lambs. Lambs were assigned to four groups: auditory, visual, and tactile separation (AVT) group; visual and tactile separation (VT) group; tactile separation (T) group; and control (C) group. Then they were separated from their mothers for one hour on postnatal days 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42. Results showed the separated lambs (AVT, VT, and T groups) spent less time lying down relaxing and more time looking around, exploring, vocalizing, and attempting to escape (P< 0.05). Lambs separated by lack of tactile contact only exhibited the most escaping and moving behavior. Twin-born lambs showed less moving, escaping, and vocalizing than single-born lambs (P< 0.05). The separation also led to a rise in serum globulin levels and a decrease in tetraiodothyronine. In conclusion, this study showed that temporary 1 h ewe-lamb separations could affect behaviors and the serum levels of stress indicators of lambs. The behavioral responses were more obvious when lambs were separated by lack of tactile contact only, and in single-born lambs. It can conclude that indicated that when lambs need to be temporarily separated from ewes in daily management production, it would be better to let them stay together with their littermates, and make them avoid hearing or seeing the ewes, such management may partially reduce the separation stress, thereby improving the welfare and breeding efficiency of sheep.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2307845, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408735

RESUMO

Pollution tolerance and long-term mechanical support are the two critical properties of meshes for contaminated abdominal wall defect repair. However, biological meshes with excellent pollution tolerance fail to provide bio-adaptive long-term mechanical support due to their rapid degradation. Here, a novel double-layer asymmetric porous mesh (SIS/PVA-EXO) is designed by simple and efficient in situ freeze-thaw of sticky polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution on the loosely porous surface of small intestinal submucosal decellularized matrix (SIS), which can successfully repair the contaminated abdominal wall defect with bio-adaptive dynamic mechanical support through only single-stage surgery. The exosome-loaded degradable loosely porous SIS layer accelerates the tissue healing, while the exosome-loaded densely porous PVA layer can maintain long-term mechanical support without any abdominal adhesion. In addition, the tensile strength and fracture strain of the SIS/PVA-EXO mesh change gradually from 0.37 MPa and 210% to 0.10 MPa and 385% with the degradation of SIS layer. This unique performance can dynamically adapt to the variable mechanical demands during different periods of contaminated abdominal wall reconstruction. As a result, our SIS/PVA-EXO mesh shows an attractive prospect in the treatment of contaminated abdominal wall defect without recurrence by integrating local immune regulation, tissue remodeling, and dynamic mechanical supporting. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Clin Transl Med ; 14(2): e1598, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390756

RESUMO

Despite the remarkable clinical efficacy of cancer immunotherapy, considerable patients fail to benefit from it due to primary or acquired resistance. Tumours frequently hijack diverse epigenetic mechanisms to evade immune detection, thereby highlighting the potential for pharmacologically targeting epigenetic regulators to restore the impaired immunosurveillance and re-sensitise tumours to immunotherapy. Herein, we demonstrated that KDM4-targeting chemotherapeutic drug JIB-04, epigenetically triggered the tumour-intrinsic innate immune responses and immunogenic cell death (ICD), resulting in impressive antitumour effects. Specifically, JIB-04 induced H3K9 hypermethylation through specific inhibition of the KDM4 family (KDM4A-D), leading to impaired DNA repair signalling and subsequent DNA damage. As a result, JIB-04 not only activated the tumour-intrinsic cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-STING pathway via DNA-damage-induced cytosolic DNA accumulation, but also promoted ICD, releasing numerous damage-associated molecular patterns. Furthermore, JIB-04 induced adaptive resistance through the upregulation of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), which could be overcome with additional PD-L1 blockade. In human tumours, KDM4B expression was negatively correlated with clinical outcomes, type I interferon signatures, and responses to immunotherapy. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that targeting KDM4 family can activate tumour-intrinsic innate sensing and immunogenicity, and synergise with immunotherapy to improve antitumour outcomes.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas , Antígeno B7-H1 , Hidrazonas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/genética
15.
EJNMMI Res ; 14(1): 20, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of baseline (B), interim (I) and end-of-treatment (Eot) 18F-FDG PET/CT in assessing the prognosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), so as to identify patients who need intensive treatment at an early stage. METHODS: A total of 127 DLBCL patients (62 men; 65 women; median age 62 years) were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Baseline (n = 127), interim (n = 127, after 3-4 cycles) and end-of-treatment (n = 53, after 6-8 cycles) PET/CT images were re-evaluated; semi-quantitative parameters such as maximum standardized uptake value of lesion-to-liver ratio (SUVmax(LLR)) and lesion-to-mediastinum ratio (SUVmax(LMR)), total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total metabolic tumor volume (TLG) were recorded. ΔTLG1 was the change of interim relative to baseline TLG (I to B), ΔTLG2 (Eot to B). ΔSUVmax and ΔTMTV were the same algorithm. The visual Deauville 5-point scale (D-5PS) has been adopted as the major criterion for PET evaluation. Visual analysis (VA) and semi-quantitative parameters were assessed for the ability to predict progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) by using Kaplan-Meier method, cox regression and logistic regression analysis. When visual and semi-quantitative analysis are combined, the result is only positive if both are positive. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 34 months, the median PFS and OS were 20 and 32 months. The survival curve analysis showed that advanced stage and IPI score with poor prognosis, ΔSUVmax(LLR)1 < 89.2%, ΔTMTV1 < 91.8% and ΔTLG1 < 98.8%, ΔSUVmax(LLR)2 < 86.4% were significantly related to the shortening of PFS in patient (p < 0.05). ΔSUVmax(LLR)1 < 83.2% and ΔTLG1 < 97.6% were significantly correlated with the shortening of OS in patients (p < 0.05). Visual analysis showed that incomplete metabolic remission at I-PET and Eot-PET increased the risk of progress and death. In terms of predicting recurrence by I-PET, the combination of visual and semi-quantitative parameters showed higher positive predictive value (PPV) and specificity than a single index. CONCLUSION: Three to four cycles of R-CHOP treatment may be a time point for early prediction of early recurrence/refractory (R/R) patients and active preemptive treatment. Combined visual analysis with semi-quantitative parameters of 18F-FDG PET/CT at interim can improve prognostic accuracy and may allow for more precise screening of patients requiring early intensive therapy.

16.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 70, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of the causes of stroke of undetermined etiology, specifically cardioembolism (CE) and non-CE causes, can inform treatment planning and prognosis prediction. The objective of this study was to analyze the disparities in thrombus composition, particularly Semaphorin-7A (Sema7A) and CD163, between patients diagnosed with large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and those with CE, and to investigate their potential association with prognosis. METHODS: Thrombi were collected from patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at two hospitals. The patients were categorized into two groups: LAA and CE. We compared the levels of Sema7A and CD163 between these groups and analyzed their relationships with stroke severity, hemorrhagic transformation and prognosis. RESULTS: The study involved a total of 67 patients. Sema7A expression was found to be significantly higher in the CE group compared to LAA (p < 0.001). Conversely, no statistically significant differences were observed for CD163 between the groups. The presence of Sema7A/CD163 did not show any associations with stroke severity or hemorrhagic transformation (all p > 0.05). However, both Sema7A (OR, 2.017; 95% CI, 1.301-3.518; p = 0.005) and CD163 (OR, 2.283; 95% CI, 1.252-5.724; p = 0.03) were associated with the poor prognosis for stroke, after adjusting for stroke severity. CONCLUSION: This study highlights that CE thrombi exhibited higher levels of Sema7A expression compared to LAA thrombi. Moreover, we found a positive correlation between Sema7A/CD163 levels and the poor prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , AVC Isquêmico , Semaforinas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Aterosclerose/complicações , Macrófagos
17.
Cell Signal ; 117: 111105, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disulfidptosis, a recently identified type of regulated cell death, plays critical roles in various biological processes of cancer; however, whether they can impact the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains to be fully elucidated. We aimed to adopt this concept to develop and validate a lncRNA signature for LUAD prognostic prediction. METHODS: For this study, the TCGA-LUAD dataset was used as the training cohort, and multiple datasets from the GEO database were pooled as the validation cohort. Disulfidptosis regulated genes were obtained from published studies, and various statistical methods, including Kaplan-Meier (KM), Cox, and LASSO, were used to train our gene signature DISULncSig. We utilized KM analysis, COX analysis, receiver operating characteristic analysis, time-dependent AUC analysis, principal component analysis, nomogram predictor analysis, and functional assays in our validation process. We also compared DISULncSig with previous studies. We performed analyses to evaluate DISULncSig's immunotherapeutic ability, focusing on eight immune algorithms, TMB, and TIDE. Additionally, we investigated potential drugs that could be effective in treating patients with high-risk scores. Additionally qRT-PCR examined the expression patterns of DISULncSig lncRNAs, and the ability of DISULncSig in pan-cancer was also assessed. RESULTS: DISULncSig containing twelve lncRNAs was trained and showed strong predictive ability in the validation cohort. Compared with previous similar studies, DISULncSig had more prognostic ability advantages. DISULncSig was closely related to the immune status of LUAD, and its tight relationship with checkpoints KIR2DL3, IL10, IL2, CD40LG, SELP, BTLA, and CD28 may be the key to its potential immunotherapeutic ability. For the high DISULncSig score population, we found ten drug candidates, among which epothilone-b may have the most potential. The pan-cancer analysis found that DISULncSig was a risk factor in multiple cancers. Additionally, we discovered that some of the DISULncSig lncRNAs could play crucial roles in specific cancer types. CONCLUSION: The current study established a powerful prognostic DISULncSig signature for LUAD that was also valid for most pan-cancers. This signature could serve as a potential target for immunotherapy and might help the more efficient application of drugs to specific populations.

19.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 18(2): e0011865, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas cardiomyopathy (ChCM) is a severe form of Chagas disease and a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The dysregulation of the immune response leads to cardiac remodeling and functional disruptions, resulting in life-threatening complications. Conventional diagnostic methods have limitations, and therapeutic response evaluation is challenging. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), important regulators of gene expression, show potential as biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis. AIM: This review aims to summarize experimental findings on miRNA expression in ChCM and explore the potential of these miRNAs as biomarkers of Chagas disease. METHODS: The search was conducted in the US National Library of Medicine MEDLINE/PubMed public database using the terms "Chagas cardiomyopathy" OR "Chagas disease" AND "microRNA" OR "miRNA" OR "miR." Additionally, bioinformatics analysis was performed to investigate miRNA-target interactions and explore enrichment pathways of gene ontology biological processes and molecular functions. RESULTS: The miR-21, miR-146b, miR-146a, and miR-155 consistently exhibited up-regulation, whereas miR-145 was down-regulated in ChCM. These specific miRNAs have been linked to fibrosis, immune response, and inflammatory processes in heart tissue. Moreover, the findings from various studies indicate that these miRNAs have the potential as biomarkers for the disease and could be targeted in therapeutic strategies for ChCM. CONCLUSION: In this review, we point out miR-21, miR-146b, miR-146a, miR-155, and miR-145-5p role in the complex mechanisms of ChCM. These miRNAs have been shown as potential biomarkers for precise diagnosis, reliable prognostic evaluation, and effective treatment strategies in the ChCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica , Doença de Chagas , MicroRNAs , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 1): 130019, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331077

RESUMO

As an essential trace element for plant growth and development, manganese plays a crucial role in the uptake of the heavy metal cadmium by rice (Oryza sativa L.). In this study, we developed a novel slow-release manganese fertilizer named Mn@LNS-EL. Initially, lignin nanoparticles were derived from sodium lignosulfonate, and a one-step emulsification strategy was employed to prepare a water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) Pickering double emulsions. These double emulsions served as the template for interfacial polymerization of lignin nanoparticles and epichlorohydrin, resulting in the formation of microcapsule wall materials. Subsequently, manganese fertilizer (MnSO4) was successfully encapsulated within the microcapsules. Hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of Mn@LNS-EL on rice growth and the cadmium and manganese contents in the roots and shoots of rice under cadmium stress conditions. The results revealed that the treatment with Mn@LNS-EL markedly alleviated the inhibitory effects of cadmium on rice growth, leading to notably lower cadmium levels in the rice roots and shoots compared to the specimens treated without manganese fertilizer. Specifically, there was a reduction of 37.9 % in the root cadmium content and a 17.1 % decrease in the shoot cadmium content. In conclusion, this study presents an innovative approach for the high-value utilization of lignin through effective encapsulation and slow-release mechanisms of trace-element fertilizers while offering a promising strategy for efficiently remediating cadmium pollution in rice.

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