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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 38, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common and serious complication of elective clean orthopedic surgery that can lead to severe adverse outcomes. However, the prognostic efficacy of the current staging systems remains uncertain for patients undergoing elective aseptic orthopedic procedures. This study aimed to identify high-risk factors independently associated with SSI and develop a nomogram prediction model to accurately predict the occurrence of SSI. METHODS: A total of 20,960 patients underwent elective clean orthopedic surgery in our hospital between January 2020 and December 2021, of whom 39 developed SSI; we selected all 39 patients with a postoperative diagnosis of SSI and 305 patients who did not develop postoperative SSI for the final analysis. The patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts in a 7:3 ratio. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in the training cohort to screen for independent risk factors of SSI, and a nomogram prediction model was developed. The predictive performance of the nomogram was compared with that of the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to assess the clinical decision-making value of the nomogram. RESULTS: The SSI incidence was 0.186%. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class (odds ratio [OR] 1.564 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.029-5.99, P = 0.046]), operative time (OR 1.003 [95% CI 1.006-1.019, P < 0.001]), and D-dimer level (OR 1.055 [95% CI 1.022-1.29, P = 0.046]) as risk factors for postoperative SSI. We constructed a nomogram prediction model based on these independent risk factors. In the training and validation cohorts, our predictive model had concordance indices (C-indices) of 0.777 (95% CI 0.672-0.882) and 0.732 (95% CI 0.603-0.861), respectively, both of which were superior to the C-indices of the NNIS system (0.668 and 0.543, respectively). Calibration curves and DCA confirmed that our nomogram model had good consistency and clinical predictive value, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Operative time, ASA class, and D-dimer levels are important clinical predictive indicators of postoperative SSI in patients undergoing elective clean orthopedic surgery. The nomogram predictive model based on the three clinical features demonstrated strong predictive performance, calibration capabilities, and clinical decision-making abilities for SSI.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos
2.
J BUON ; 26(2): 599-605, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077011

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-505-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells, and to further investigate its potential mechanism. METHODS: Human osteosarcoma U2-OS cell lines were divided into Control group, miR-505-5p nonsense sequence (NS) group and miR-505-5p inhibitor group. Subsequently, cell proliferation and apoptosis in each group were observed. Finally, the effect of miR-505-5p on the in vivo growth of osteosarcoma was explored by means of subcutaneous tumor formation assay. RESULTS: The expression of miR-505-5p in the cancer tissues was remarkably higher than in normal paracancer tissues of osteosarcoma patients. U2-OS cell lines cultured in vitro in miR-505-5p inhibitor group manifested notably weakened proliferative ability after transfection with miR-505-5p inhibitor. Colony formation assay showed that the number of colonies formed in miR-505-5p inhibitor group was obviously smaller than that in Control group. The results of Western blotting assay indicated that the inhibition of miR-505-5p markedly increased the expression of Bax and decreased Bcl-2 in cancer cells (p<0.05). Furthermore, it was revealed that the inhibited miR-505-5p could distinctly up-regulate the protein expression level of RASSF8 in cancer cells. Furthermore, the miR-505-5p inhibition was able to prominently repress the subcutaneous tumor formation ability of osteosarcoma cells. CONCLUSIONS: The expression level of miR-505-5p is raised significantly in the cancer tissues of osteosarcoma patients, and the inhibition of miR-505-5p can up-regulate RASSF8 to suppress the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteossarcoma/patologia
3.
Orthop Surg ; 13(3): 908-919, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to explore the clinical effect of one approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation for thoracolumbar osteoporosis vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective analysis. A total of six thoracolumbar OVCF patients (four women and two men) with an average age of 65.2 years (58-72 years) who were treated between June 2016 and May 2018 were enrolled in the present study. The lesion segments included: 1 case at T11, 1 case at T12, 3 cases at L1, and 1 case at L2. The six thoracolumbar OVCF patients were treated with one approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation. After general anesthesia, patients were placed in the right lateral decubitus position, an approximately 10-15-cm oblique incision was made along corresponding ribs, and the conventional left retroperitoneal and/or the extrapleural approach was performed for anterior lateral exposure. First, anterior decompression and fixation were performed, and then through the unilateral paraspinal muscle approach, posterior pedicle screw fixation was performed under the same incision. The back pain visual analogue scale (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and the MacNab criteria were used to evaluate the clinical outcome. The radiographic analysis included the regional kyphosis angle and the fusion rate. Neurological status, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, the time of ambulation, hospital stay, and surgical complications were also assessed. RESULTS: Surgery was successful in all six patients, who were followed up for 31.6 months (range, 23-46 months). The operation time was 125-163 min, with a median of 135 min. The preoperative blood loss was 580-1230 mL, with a median of 760 mL. The time of ambulation was 3-5 days, with a median of 4.2 days. The hospital stay was 8-15 days, with the median of 10.5 days. According to the Frankel classification of neurological deficits, of two patients with grade C preoperatively, one had improved to grade D and one had improved to grade E at final follow up; among four patients with grade D preoperatively, at the final follow up one remained the same and three had improved to grade E. The postoperative back pain VAS score decreased significantly, from 6.17 ± 0.75 preoperatively to 0.83 ± 0.41 postoperatively (P < 0.05). The mean ODI score was 73.7 ± 5.86 preoperatively and reduced to 21.85 ± 3.27 postoperatively (P < 0.05). According to the MacNab criteria, at the final follow up, two patients rated their satisfaction as excellent, three patients as good, and one patient as fair. The mean regional kyphosis angle was 22.17° ± 6.01°before surgery, which improved to 9.33° ± 3.88° at the final follow up (P < 0.05). At the final follow up, there were two patients who had achieved a grade 2 bony fusion (33.3%), three patients grade 3 (50.0%), and one patient grade 4 (16.7%). No incision infections, internal fixation failures or other complications were found during the perioperative and the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: One approach anterior decompression and fixation with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation provides a novel method for thoracolumbar OVCF disease, with a satisfactory clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Parafusos Pediculares , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
4.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 18: 2280800020903630, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421424

RESUMO

This study was to develop a feasible and safe animal model for minimally invasive injectable lumbar interbody fusion using a novel biomaterial, mineralized collagen-polymethylmethacrylate bone cement (MC-PMMA), with unilateral pedicle screw fixation in an in vivo goat model. Eight goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) were divided into three groups: MC-PMMA, unmodified commercial-polymethylmethacrylate bone cement (UC-PMMA), and a control group (titanium cage filled with autogenous bone, TC-AB). Each group of goats was treated with minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion at the L3/L4 and L5/L6 disc spaces (injected for MC-PMMA and UC-PMMA, implanted for TC-AB). The pedicle screws were inserted at the L3, L4, L5, and L6 vertebrae, respectively, and fixed on the left side. The characteristics of osteogenesis and bone growth were assessed at the third and the sixth month, respectively. The methods of evaluation included the survival of each animal, X-ray imaging, and 256-layer spiral computed tomography (256-CT) scanning, imaged with three-dimensional microfocus computed tomography (micro-CT), and histological analysis. The results showed that PMMA bone cement can be extruded smoothly after doping MC, the MC-PMMA integrates better with bone than the UC-PMMA, and all goats recovered after surgery without nerve damage. After 3 and 6 months, the implants were stable. New trabecular bone was observed in the TC-AB group. In the UC-PMMA group a thick fibrous capsule had formed around the implants. The MC-PMMA was observed to have perfect osteogenesis and bone ingrowth to adjacent bone surface. Minimally invasive injectable lumbar interbody fusion using MC-PMMA bone cement was shown to have profound clinical value, and the MC-PMMA showed potential application prospects.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos/química , Colágeno/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Cabras , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Modelos Animais , Parafusos Pediculares , Titânio/química , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Microtomografia por Raio-X
5.
J Invest Surg ; 33(4): 307-316, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644783

RESUMO

Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to assess whether preoperative intravenous corticosteroids reduced postoperative pain in patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science and Google databases, from inception to March 29, 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared preoperative intravenous glucocorticoids against a control treatment for the effect on pain following spinal fusion surgery were included. A meta-analysis was performed to generate a pooled risk ratio (RR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for discontinuous outcomes (the occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting [PONV] as well as surgical-site infections) and continuous outcomes (visual analog scale [VAS] scores at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h; total morphine consumption and the length of hospital stay), respectively. Results: Ten RCTs that compared intravenous corticosteroids versus placebo were included in our final meta-analysis. Compared with controls, intravenous corticosteroids were associated with a statistically significant reduction in pain VAS scores at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h. Additionally, intravenous corticosteroids decreased total morphine consumption, PONV, and the length of hospital stay. There was no significant difference between intravenous corticosteroids and controls, regarding the occurrence of infection (p > 0.05). Conclusions: In summary, our results indicated that intravenous corticosteroids not only reduce pain but also have anti-emetic effects. More studies should focus on the adverse effects of administering intravenous corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Administração Intravenosa , Humanos , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/epidemiologia , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int Orthop ; 43(11): 2587-2592, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the incidence of de Quervain's disease (DD) and mobile gaming. METHODS: We conducted an experimental cross-sectional study and surveyed specialized students with different majors from Xingtai Technician Institute. We applied the stratified clustered sampling method to recruit 500 students aged 16 to 20 years as survey respondents. We diagnosed DD by conducting Finkelstein's test. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to determine the correlation between different variables and Finkelstein's test results. SPSS 20 statistical software was used to perform all the statistical analyses. RESULTS: Among the five hundred students providing the valid data, there were 302 males and 198 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 3:2. Of them, 216, 159, 77, and 48 reported they played mobile games for < two, two to four, four to six, and > six hours per day, respectively. A total of 246 students (49%) had a positive result in Finkelstein's test. Three hundred and five (61.0%) students played mobile games with their wrist in dorsiflexion position, and among them, 192 had a positive result in Finkelstein's test. The statistical analyses showed that more frequent play, prolonged mobile gaming time per day, and changes in wrist position were significantly correlated with the positive rate of Finkelstein's test (p < 0.05). DISCUSSION: Our results show that the incidence of DD in students in the school was 49.0%. More frequent play, prolonged duration of mobile gaming, and change in wrist position were associated with higher risk of DD. We advocate the restricted time to less than 2.25 hours per day and the frequency in mobile gaming to prevent or reduce DD.


Assuntos
Doença de De Quervain/epidemiologia , Jogos de Vídeo/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Doença de De Quervain/diagnóstico , Doença de De Quervain/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis , Fatores de Tempo , Traumatismos do Punho/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Punho/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Punho/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Orthop Surg ; 9(3): 277-283, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect of the minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with posterolateral fusion and unilateral fixation using a tubular retractor in the management of degenerative lumbar disease. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted to analyze the clinical outcome of 58 degenerative lumbar disease patients who were treated with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with posterolateral fusion and unilateral fixation during December 2012 to January 2015. The spine was unilaterally approached through a 3.0-cm skin incision centered on the disc space, located 2.5 cm lateral to the midline, and the multifidus muscles and longissimus dorsi were stripped off. After transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterolateral fusion the unilateral pedicle screw fixation was performed. The visual analogue scale (VAS) for back and leg pain, the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and the MacNab score were applied to evaluate clinical effects. The operation time, peri-operative bleeding, postoperative time in bed, hospitalization costs, and the change in the intervertebral height were analyzed. Radiological fusion based on the Bridwell grading system was also assessed at the last follow-up. The quality of life of the patients before and after the operation was assessed using the short form-36 scale (SF-36). RESULTS: Fifty-eight operations were successfully performed, and no nerve root injury or dural tear occurred. The average operation time was 138 ± 33 min, intraoperative blood loss was 126 ± 50 mL, the duration from surgery to getting out of bed was 46 ± 8 h, and hospitalization cost was 1.6 ± 0.2 ten thousand yuan. All of the 58 patients were followed up for 7-31 months, with an average of 14.6 months. The postoperative VAS scores and ODI score were significantly improved compared with preoperative data (P < 0.05). The evaluation of the MacNab score was excellent in 41 patients, good in 15, and fair in 2, suggesting an effective rate of 96.6%. The intervertebral height had reduced 0.2 ± 1.2 mm by the last follow-up, and there were 55 Grade I and II cases based on the Bridwell evaluation criterion. The fusion rate was 94.8%, and no screw breakage and loosening occurred. The scores of physical pain, general health, social, and emotional functioning were significantly increased at the last follow-up. CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with posterolateral fusion and unilateral fixation provide a new choice for degenerative lumbar disease, and the short-term clinical outcome is satisfactory.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Parafusos Ósseos , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 126(4): 751-5, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23422201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates (BPs) have been reported to reduce local recurrence in giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone because of their osteoclast-suppressing effect; however, the optimal mode of delivery and the dose and duration of treatment of BPs remain to be established. To address these issues, it is first necessary to clarify the manner of action of BPs on osteoclasts. We herein evaluated the osteoclast-suppressing effect of sodium ibandronate in vitro. METHODS: Mouse osteoclasts (OCLs) were generated in vitro using mouse bone marrow mononuclear cells. First, various concentrations of sodium ibandronate and equal amounts of phosphate-buffered saline were added to cell culture media. The number of multinucleated cells (over three nuclei) was recorded in each group, OCL formation was compared, and the most effective concentration of sodium ibandronate was determined. Then, high concentrations of sodium ibandronate were added to the experimental cell culture media; no ibandronate was given in the control group. Comparisons were made between the two groups in terms of OCL adhesion, migration, and bone resorption. RESULTS: OCL formation was suppressed by sodium ibandronate in vitro; the most pronounced effect was observed at the concentration of 10(-5) mol/L. OCL migration and bone resorption were significantly suppressed at this concentration, though there was no effect on OCL adhesion. CONCLUSIONS: Sodium ibandronate was effective in suppressing OCLs and decreasing resorption in GCT. The strong anti-OCL effectiveness at a high concentration in vitro indicates a topical mode of application.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos/farmacologia , Osteoclastos/citologia , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Reabsorção Óssea , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ácido Ibandrônico , Camundongos
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