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1.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(4): e14519, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570708

RESUMO

Kaempferol (KPR), a flavonoid compound found in various plants and foods, has garnered attention for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. In preliminary studies, KPR can modulate several signaling pathways involved in inflammation, making it a candidate for treating cholecystitis. This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of KPR on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human gallbladder epithelial cells (HGBECs). To assess the impact of KPR on HGBECs, the HGBECs were divided into control, KPR, LPS, LPS + KPR, and LPS + UDCA groups. Cell viability and cytotoxicity were evaluated by MTT assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, respectively, and concentrations of KPR (10-200 µM) were tested. LPS-induced inflammatory responses in HGBECs were to create an in vitro model of cholecystitis. The key inflammatory markers (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α) levels were quantified using ELISA, The modulation of the MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway was measured by western blot using specific antibodies against pathway components (p-IκBα, IκBα, p-p65, p65, p-JNK, JNK, p-ERK, ERK, p-p38, and p38). The cell viability and LDH levels in HGBECs were not significantly affected by 50 µM KPR, thus it was selected as the optimal KPR intervention concentration. KPR increased the viability of LPS-induced HGBECs. Additionally, KPR inhibited the inflammatory factors level (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α) and protein expression (iNOS and COX-2) in LPS-induced HGBECs. Furthermore, KPR reversed LPS-induced elevation of p-IκBα/IκBα, p-p65/p65, p-JNK/JNK, p-ERK/ERK, and p-p38/p38 ratios. KPR attenuates the LPS-induced inflammatory response in HGBECs, possibly by inhibiting MAPK/NF-κB signaling.


Assuntos
Colecistite , NF-kappa B , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases
2.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2024: 3950894, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571926

RESUMO

Objective: To explore associations of combined exposure to metabolic/inflammatory indicators with thyroid nodules. Methods: We reviewed personal data for health screenings from 2020 to 2021. A propensity score matching method was used to match 931 adults recently diagnosed with thyroid nodules in a 1 : 4 ratio based on age and gender. Conditional logistic regression and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) were used to explore the associations of single metabolic/inflammatory indicators and the mixture with thyroid nodules, respectively. Results: In the adjusted models, five indicators (ORQ4 vs. Q1: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.07-1.58 for fasting blood glucose; ORQ4 vs. Q1: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.08-1.57 for systolic blood pressure; ORQ4 vs. Q1: 1.26, 95% CI: 1.04-1.53 for diastolic blood pressure; ORQ4 vs. Q1: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.02-1.48 for white blood cell; ORQ4 vs. Q1: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.07-1.55 for neutrophil) were positively associated with the risk of thyroid nodules, while high-density lipoproteins (ORQ3 vs. Q1: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.61-0.91) were negatively associated with the risk of thyroid nodules. Univariate exposure-response functions from BKMR models showed similar results. Moreover, the metabolic and inflammatory mixture exhibited a significant positive association with thyroid nodules in a dose-response pattern, with systolic blood pressure being the greatest contributor within the mixture (conditional posterior inclusion probability of 0.82). No interaction effects were found among the five indicators. These associations were more prominent in males, participants with higher age (≥40 years old), and individuals with abnormal body mass index status. Conclusions: Levels of the metabolic and inflammatory mixture have a linear dose-response relationship with the risk of developing thyroid nodules, with systolic blood pressure levels being the most important contributor.

3.
Biomol Biomed ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577906

RESUMO

Hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) is a poorly differentiated extrahepatic tumor that can produce alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). The literature does not provide a comprehensive understanding of the prognostic factors for HAC. Therefore, we present a novel nomogram to predict the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with HAC. We analyzed 265 cases of HAC from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database spanning from 2004 to 2015. Using a Cox proportional hazard regression model, we identified several risk factors and incorporated them into our predictive nomogram. The nomogram's predictive ability was assessed by utilizing the concordance index (C-index), calibration curve, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Results from a multivariate Cox regression showed that CSS was independently correlated with liver metastasis, surgery, and chemotherapy. Our nomogram had a C-index of 0.71 (95% CI 0.71-0.96). Furthermore, calibration curves demonstrated concordance between the predicted survival probability from the nomogram and the observed survival probability. The areas under the curve (AUC) for 6-month, 1-, and 3-year survival were 0.80, 0.82, and 0.88, respectively. Our study successfully formulated a prognostic nomogram that offers promising predictions for the 6-month, 1-, and 3-year CSS of patients with HAC. This nomogram holds potential for practical use in guiding treatment decisions and designing clinical trials.

5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; : 129729, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583786

RESUMO

Aptamers have shown significant potential in treating diverse diseases. However, challenges such as stability and drug delivery limited their clinical application. In this paper, the development of AS1411 prodrug-type aptamers for tumor treatment was introduced. A Short oligonucleotide was introduced at the end of the AS1411 sequence with a disulfide bond as responsive switch. The results indicated that the aptamer prodrugs not only enhanced the stability of the aptamer against nuclease activity but also facilitated binding to serum albumin. Furthermore, in the reducing microenvironment of tumor cells, disulfide bonds triggered drug release, resulting in superior therapeutic effects in vitro and in vivo compared to original drugs. This paper proposes a novel approach for optimizing the structure of nucleic acid drugs, that promises to protect other oligonucleotides or secondary structures, thus opening up new possibilities for nucleic acid drug design.

6.
Biomaterials ; 308: 122550, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581762

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade therapy represented by programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor for advanced renal carcinoma with an objective response rate (ORR) in patients is less than 20%. It is attributed to abundant tumoral vasculature with abnormal structure limiting effector T cell infiltration and drug penetration. We propose a bispecific fibrous glue (BFG) to regulate tumor immune and vascular microenvironments simultaneously. The bispecific precursor glue peptide-1 (pre-GP1) can penetrate tumor tissue deeply and self-assemble into BFG in the presence of neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) and PD-L1. The resultant fibrous glue is capable of normalizing tumoral vasculature as well as restricting immune escape. The pre-GP1 retains a 6-fold higher penetration depth than that of antibody in the multicellular spheroids (MCSs) model. It also shows remarkable tumor growth inhibition (TGI) from 19% to 61% in a murine advanced large tumor model compared to the clinical combination therapy. In addition, in the orthotopic renal tumor preclinical model, the lung metastatic nodules are reduced by 64% compared to the clinically used combination. This pre-GP1 provides a promising strategy to control the progression and metastasis of advanced renal carcinoma.

7.
Zool Res ; 45(3): 451-463, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583936

RESUMO

The gut microbiota significantly influences host physiology and provides essential ecosystem services. While diet can affect the composition of the gut microbiota, the gut microbiota can also help the host adapt to specific dietary habits. The carrion crow ( Corvus corone), an urban facultative scavenger bird, hosts an abundance of pathogens due to its scavenging behavior. Despite this, carrion crows infrequently exhibit illness, a phenomenon related to their unique physiological adaptability. At present, however, the role of the gut microbiota remains incompletely understood. In this study, we performed a comparative analysis using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing technology to assess colonic content in carrion crows and 16 other bird species with different diets in Beijing, China. Our findings revealed that the dominant gut microbiota in carrion crows was primarily composed of Proteobacteria (75.51%) and Firmicutes (22.37%). Significant differences were observed in the relative abundance of Enterococcus faecalis among groups, highlighting its potential as a biomarker of facultative scavenging behavior in carrion crows. Subsequently, E. faecalis isolated from carrion crows was transplanted into model mice to explore the protective effects of this bacterial community against Salmonella enterica infection. Results showed that E. faecalis down-regulated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), and interleukin 6 (IL-6), prevented S. enterica colonization, and regulated the composition of gut microbiota in mice, thereby modulating the host's immune regulatory capacity. Therefore, E. faecalis exerts immunoregulatory and anti-pathogenic functions in carrion crows engaged in scavenging behavior, offering a representative case of how the gut microbiota contributes to the protection of hosts with specialized diets.


Assuntos
Corvos , Animais , Camundongos , Enterococcus faecalis , Ecossistema , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Comportamento Alimentar , Aves
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) has emerged as a noninsulin-based index for the approximation of IR, yet longitudinal evidence supporting the utility of METS-IR in primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the longitudinal association between METS-IR, which combines fasting plasma glucose (FPG), lipid profiles and anthropometrics that can be routinely obtained in resource-limited primary care settings, and incidence of new-onset T2DM. METHODS: We conducted a closed-cohort analysis of a nationwide, prospective cohort of 7,583 Chinese middle-aged and older adults who were free of T2DM at baseline, sampled from 28 out of 31 provinces in China. We examined the characteristics of subjects stratified by elevated blood pressure (BP) at baseline and new-onset T2DM at follow-up. We performed Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to explore associations of baseline METS-IR with incident T2DM in subjects overall, and in subjects stratified by baseline BP. We also applied net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) to examine the incremental value of METS-IR. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 6.3 years, T2DM occurred in 527 subjects, among which, two-thirds (63.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 58.7% to 67.1%) had baseline FPG <110 mg/dL. A standard deviation unit increase in baseline METS-IR was associated with the first incidence of T2DM (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]=1.33, 1.22 to 1.45, P<.001) in all participants. Similar results were obtained in subjects with normal baseline BP (aHR=1.41, 1.22 to 1.62, P<.001) and elevated baseline BP (aHR=1.29, 1.16 to 1.44, P<.001). The predictive capability for incident T2DM improved by adding METS-IR to FPG. In study subjects with new-onset T2DM whose baseline FPG <126 mg/dL and <110 mg/dL, 63.0% (95%CI, 60.0% to 65.9%) and 58.1% (95%CI, 54.3% to 61.9%) of subjects had baseline METS-IR above the cut-off values, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: METS-IR was significantly associated with new-onset T2DM regardless of baseline BP level. Regular monitoring of METS-IR on top of routine blood glucose in clinical practice may add to the ability to enhance the early identification of primary care population at risk for T2DM.

9.
CNS Drugs ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) is an effective method for treating lumbar disc herniation, and is typically performed under local anesthesia. However, inadequate analgesia during the procedure remains a concern, prompting the search for a medication that can provide optimal pain control with minimal impact on the respiratory and circulatory systems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to observe the effects of different doses of esketamine combined with dexmedetomidine on reducing visual analog scale (VAS) scores during surgical interventions. METHODS: One hundred two patients who underwent PETD were randomly divided into a control group (group C: normal saline + dexmedetomidine), an E1 group (0.1 mg kg-1 esketamine + dexmedetomidine), and an E2 group (0.2 mg kg-1 esketamine + dexmedetomidine). The primary outcome was the maximum visual analogue scale (VAS) (score: 0 = no pain and 10 = worst pain) at six time points. The secondary outcomes included the Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale (OAA/S) score and mean arterial pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) at 11 time points. The incidence of adverse reactions during and 24 h after the operation and patient satisfaction with the anesthesia were also recorded. RESULTS: Compared with those in group C, the VAS scores of patients in groups E1 and E2 were lower at T6, T7, and T9 (P < 0.05). From T4 to T10, the OAA/S scores of the E1 and E2 groups were both lower than those of group C (P < 0.05), and at the T4-T6 time points, the OAA/S score of the E2 group was lower than that of group E1 (P < 0.05). At T4 and T5, the HR and BP of patients in groups E1 and E2 were greater than those in group C (P < 0.05). Compared with those in group C, the incidences of intraoperative illusion, floating sensation, postoperative dizziness, and hyperalgesia in groups E1 and E2 were significantly greater (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in patient RR, SpO2, or postoperative satisfaction with anesthesia among the three groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The combination of esketamine and dexmedetomidine can reduce VAS scores during certain stages of this type of surgery; it has minimal impact on respiration and circulation. However, this approach is associated with increased incidences of postoperative dizziness and psychiatric side effects, which may also affect patients' compliance with surgical instructions from medical staff. Patient satisfaction was not greater with dexmedetomidine combined with esketamine than with dexmedetomidine alone. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.chictr.org.cn . Identifier: ChiCTR2300068206. Date of registration: 10 February 2023.

10.
Cancer Lett ; : 216838, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561039

RESUMO

FOXP3, a key identifier of Treg, has also been identified in tumor cells, which is referred to as cancer-FOXP3 (c-FOXP3). Human c-FOXP3 undergoes multiple alternative splicing events, generating several isoforms, like c-FOXP3FL and c-FOXP3Δ3. Previous research on c-FOXP3 often ignore its cellular source (immune or tumor cells) and isoform expression patterns, which may obscure our understanding of its clinical significance. Our immunohistochemistry investigations which conducted across 18 tumors using validated c-FOXP3 antibodies revealed distinct expression landscapes for c-FOXP3 and its variants, with the majority of tumors exhibited a predominantly expression of c-FOXP3Δ3. In pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), we further discovered a potential link between nuclear c-FOXP3Δ3 in tumor cells and poor prognosis. Overexpression of c-FOXP3Δ3 in tumor cells was associated with metastasis. This work elucidates the expression pattern of c-FOXP3 in pan-cancer and indicates its potential as a prognostic biomarker in clinical settings, offering new perspectives for its clinical application.

11.
Neurol Res ; : 1-7, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study was conducted to investigate the application value of metagenomics next generation sequencing (mNGS) technology in the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal infectious meningitis. METHODS: From 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2022, 73 newborns suspected of infectious meningitis were hospitalized. After screening by inclusion and exclusion criteria, 69 newborns were subsequently included in the study, containing 27 cases with positive mNGS result and 42 cases with negative mNGS result. Furthermore, according to the diagnosis of meningitis, mNGS positive group and mNGS negative group were further divided into infectious meningitis with mNGS (+) group (n = 27) and infectious meningitis with mNGS (-) group (n = 26), respectively. RESULTS: (1) Compared with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture, mNGS has better diagnostic value [positive predictive value (PPV) = 100.00% (27/27), negative predictive value (NPV) = 38.10% (16/42), agreement rate = 62.32% (43/69), area under the curve (AUC) = 0.750, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.636-0.864]. (2) There were significant differences in the onset age, age at first CSF test, CSF leukocyte count, CSF glucose, positive rate of CSF culture, blood leukocyte count, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reaction protein (CRP), age at first mNGS test and adjusting anti-infective medication in the comparison between infectious meningitis with mNGS (+) group and infectious meningitis with mNGS (-) group (p < 0.05). (3) mNGS could help improve the cure rate [crude odds ratio (OR) = 3.393, 95%CI: 1.072-10.737; adjusted OR = 15.580, 95%CI: 2.114-114.798]. CONCLUSION: Compared with classic meningitis detection methods, mNGS has better PPV, NPV, agreement rate, and AUC. mNGS could help improve the cure rate.

12.
Clin Transl Sci ; 17(4): e13787, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558535

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of frunexian (formerly known as EP-7041 and HSK36273) injection, a small molecule inhibitor of activated coagulation factor XI (FXIa), in healthy Chinese adult volunteers. This study was a randomized, placebo- and positive-controlled, sequential, ascending-dose (0.3/0.6/1.0/1.5/2.25 mg/kg/h) study of 5-day continuous intravenous infusions of frunexian. Frunexian administration exhibited an acceptable safety profile with no bleeding events. Steady state was rapidly reached with a median time ranging from 1.02 to 1.50 h. The mean half-life ranged from 1.15 to 1.43 h. Frunexian plasma concentration at a steady state and area under the concentration-time curve exhibited dose-proportional increases. The dose-escalation study of frunexian demonstrated its progressively enhanced capacities to prolong activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and inhibit FXIa activity. The correlations between PK and PD biomarkers (aPTT/baseline and FXI clotting activity/baseline) were described by the two Emax models, with the EC50 values of 8940 and 1300 ng/mL, respectively. Frunexian exhibits good safety and PK/PD properties, suggesting it is a promising candidate for anticoagulant drug.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Coagulação Sanguínea , Adulto , Humanos , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Voluntários Saudáveis , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
13.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(4): e23676, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561971

RESUMO

Although the treatment of ovarian cancer has made great progress, there are still many patients who are not timely detected and given targeted therapy due to unknown pathogenesis. Recent studies have found that hsa_circ_0015326 is upregulated in ovarian cancer and is involved in the proliferation, invasion, and migration of ovarian cancer cells. However, whether hsa_circ_0015326 can be used as a new target of ovarian cancer needs further investigation. Therefore, the effect of hsa_circ_0015326 on epithelial ovarian cancer was investigated in this study. At first, si-hsa_circ_0015326 lentivirus was transfected into epithelial ovarian cancer cells. Then real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect hsa_circ_0015326 level. The proliferation of ovarian cancer cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The horizontal and vertical migration abilities of the cells were detected by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively. Transwell assay was also used to determine the invasion rate. As for the apoptosis rate, it was assessed by flow cytometry. As a result, the expression level of hsa_circ_0015326 in A2780 and SKOV3 was found to be higher than that in IOSE-80. However, after transfecting si-hsa_circ_0015326 and si-NC into the cells, the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of A2780 and SKOV3 cells in the si-hsa_circ_0015326 group were significantly reduced in comparison to those in the si-NC and mock groups, while their apoptosis rates were elevated. Collectively, silencing hsa_circ_0015326 bears the capability of inhibiting the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells while increasing apoptosis rate. It can be concluded that hsa_circ_0015326 promotes the malignant biological activities of epithelial ovarian cancer cells.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , RNA/metabolismo , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Apoptose , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Movimento Celular
14.
Asian J Surg ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal proximal margin (PM) length for Siewert II/III adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEJ) remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the optimal PM length using an abdominal approach to guide surgical decision-making. METHODS: A prospective study analyzed 304 consecutive patients diagnosed with Siewert II/III AEJ between January 2019 and December 2021. Total gastrectomy was performed via the abdominal approach, and PM length was measured on fixed gross specimens. X-Tile software determined the optimal PM cut-point based on progression-free survival (PFS). Univariate analyses compared baseline characteristics across PM groups, while survival analyses utilized Kaplan-Meier estimation and Cox proportional hazards regression for assessing the impact of margin length on survival. Multivariable analyses were conducted to adjust for confounding variables. RESULTS: The study included 264 AEJ cases classified as Siewert II (71.97%) or III (28.03%). The median gross PM length was 1.0 cm (IQR: 0.5 cm-1.5 cm, range: 0 cm-6 cm). PM length ≥1.2 cm was associated with a lower risk of disease progression compared to PM length 0.4 cm on PFS (HR = 0.41, 95% CI 0.20-0.84, P = 0.015). Moreover, PM ≥ 1.2 cm improved prognosis in subgroups of T4 or N3, tumor size <4 cm, Siewert II, and Lauren classification. CONCLUSIONS: For Siewert type II/III AEJ, a proximal margin length ≥1.2 cm (1.65 cm in situ) is associated with improved outcomes. These findings offer valuable insights into the association between PM length and outcomes in Siewert II/III AEJ, providing guidance for surgical approaches and aiding clinical decision-making to enhance patient outcomes.

15.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The important wood-boring pest Batocera horsfieldi has evolved a sensitive olfactory system to locate host plants. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are thought to play key roles in olfactory recognition. Therefore exploring the physiological function of OBPs could facilitate a better understanding of insect chemical communications. RESULTS: In this research, 36 BhorOBPs genes were identified via transcriptome sequencing of adults' antennae from B. horsfieldi, and most BhorOBPs were predominantly expressed in chemosensory body parts. Through fluorescence competitive binding and fluorescence quenching assays, the antenna-specific BhorOBP28 was investigated and displayed strong binding affinities forming stable complexes with five volatiles, including (+)-α-Pinene, (+)-Limonene, ß-Pinene, (-)-Limonene, and (+)-Longifolene, which could also elicit conformation changes when they were interacting with BhorOBP28. Batocera horsfieldi females exhibited a preference for (-)-Limonene, and a repellent response to (+)-Longifolene. Feeding dsOBP19 produced by a bacteria-expressed system with a newly constructed vector could lead to the knockdown of BhorOBP28, and could further impair B. horsfieldi attraction to (-)-Limonene and repellent activity of (+)-Longifolene. The analysis of site-directed mutagenesis revealed that Leu7, Leu72, and Phe121 play a vital role in selectively binding properties of BhorOBP28. CONCLUSION: By modeling the molecular mechanism of olfactory recognition, these results demonstrate that BhorOBP28 is involved in the chemoreception of B. horsfieldi. The bacterial-expressed dsRNA delivery system gains new insights into potential population management strategies. Through the olfactory process concluded that discovering novel behavioral regulation and environmentally friendly control options for B. horsfieldi in the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2813, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561336

RESUMO

CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), a ubiquitously expressed and highly conserved protein, is known to play a critical role in chromatin structure. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) diversify the functions of protein to regulate numerous cellular processes. However, the effects of PTMs on the genome-wide binding of CTCF and the organization of three-dimensional (3D) chromatin structure have not been fully understood. In this study, we uncovered the PTM profiling of CTCF and demonstrated that CTCF can be O-GlcNAcylated and arginine methylated. Functionally, we demonstrated that O-GlcNAcylation inhibits CTCF binding to chromatin. Meanwhile, deficiency of CTCF O-GlcNAcylation results in the disruption of loop domains and the alteration of chromatin loops associated with cellular development. Furthermore, the deficiency of CTCF O-GlcNAcylation increases the expression of developmental genes and negatively regulates maintenance and establishment of stem cell pluripotency. In conclusion, these results provide key insights into the role of PTMs for the 3D chromatin structure.


Assuntos
Genoma , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Cromatina
17.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 404, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate microsatellite instability (MSI) testing is essential for identifying gastric cancer (GC) patients eligible for immunotherapy. We aimed to develop and validate a CT-based radiomics signature to predict MSI and immunotherapy outcomes in GC. METHODS: This retrospective multicohort study included a total of 457 GC patients from two independent medical centers in China and The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) databases. The primary cohort (n = 201, center 1, 2017-2022), was used for signature development via Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) and logistic regression analysis. Two independent immunotherapy cohorts, one from center 1 (n = 184, 2018-2021) and another from center 2 (n = 43, 2020-2021), were utilized to assess the signature's association with immunotherapy response and survival. Diagnostic efficiency was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and survival outcomes were analyzed via the Kaplan-Meier method. The TCIA cohort (n = 29) was included to evaluate the immune infiltration landscape of the radiomics signature subgroups using both CT images and mRNA sequencing data. RESULTS: Nine radiomics features were identified for signature development, exhibiting excellent discriminative performance in both the training (AUC: 0.851, 95%CI: 0.782, 0.919) and validation cohorts (AUC: 0.816, 95%CI: 0.706, 0.926). The radscore, calculated using the signature, demonstrated strong predictive abilities for objective response in immunotherapy cohorts (AUC: 0.734, 95%CI: 0.662, 0.806; AUC: 0.724, 95%CI: 0.572, 0.877). Additionally, the radscore showed a significant association with PFS and OS, with GC patients with a low radscore experiencing a significant survival benefit from immunotherapy. Immune infiltration analysis revealed significantly higher levels of CD8 + T cells, activated CD4 + B cells, and TNFRSF18 expression in the low radscore group, while the high radscore group exhibited higher levels of T cells regulatory and HHLA2 expression. CONCLUSION: This study developed a robust radiomics signature with the potential to serve as a non-invasive biomarker for GC's MSI status and immunotherapy response, demonstrating notable links to post-immunotherapy PFS and OS. Additionally, distinct immune profiles were observed between low and high radscore groups, highlighting their potential clinical implications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Imunoterapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Imunoglobulinas
18.
J Environ Manage ; 358: 120810, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593738

RESUMO

The rise in oil trade and transportation has led to a continuous increase in the risk of oil spills, posing a serious worldwide concern. However, there is a lack of numerical models for predicting oil spill transport in freshwater, especially under icy conditions. To tackle this challenge, we developed a prediction system for oil with ice modeling by coupling the General NOAA Operational Modeling Environment (GNOME) model with the Great Lakes Operational Forecast System (GLOFS) model. Taking Lake Erie as a pilot study, we used observed drifter data to evaluate the performance of the coupled model. Additionally, we developed six hypothetical oil spill cases in Lake Erie, considering both with and without ice conditions during the freezing, stable, and melting seasons spanning from 2018 to 2022, to investigate the impacts of ice cover on oil spill processes. The results showed the effective performance of the coupled model system in capturing the movements of a deployed drifter. Through ensemble simulations, it was observed that the stable season with high-concentration ice had the most significant impact on limiting oil transport compared to the freezing and melting seasons, resulting in an oil-affected open water area of 49 km2 on day 5 with ice cover, while without ice cover it reached 183 km2. The stable season with high-concentration ice showed a notable reduction in the probability of oil presence in the risk map, whereas this reduction effect was less prominent during the freezing and melting seasons. Moreover, negative correlations between initial ice concentration and oil-affected open water area were consistent, especially on day 1 with a linear regression R-squared value of 0.94, potentially enabling rapid prediction. Overall, the coupled model system serves as a useful tool for simulating oil spills in the world's largest freshwater system, particularly under icy conditions, thus enhancing the formulation of effective emergency response strategies.

19.
Int J Dev Neurosci ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study reported a case with a history of neuroradiculitis. Within 2 months of the COVID-19 vaccine, critical Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) appeared after acute diarrhea, progressive myasthenia, and sudden respiratory and cardiac symptoms. METHODS: The syndrome was addressed with measures, such as endotracheal intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation vasoactive drugs. Next, we conducted six cycles of human immunoglobulin treatment (dose of 400 mg/kg·d intravenously for 5 days consecutively) and three times plasma exchange (PE, 30 ml/kg), followed by methylprednisolone sodium succinate. Rehabilitation training was carried out continuously. RESULTS: The consciousness of the patient returned to normal, wherein he carried out normal communication. The muscle strength recovered gradually but still could not stand independently. Presently, he is recovering at home. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with previous radiculitis, COVID-19 vaccination may increase the susceptibility to GBS. Thus, it is recommended to extend the vaccination interval for these patients and ensure that any potential increased risk is continually assessed.

20.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 1046-1058, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy worldwide, with over 1 million new cases per year, and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. AIM: To determine the optimal perioperative treatment regimen for patients with locally resectable GC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted, focusing on phase II/III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing perioperative chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy in treating locally resectable GC. The R0 resection rate, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and incidence of grade 3 or higher nonsurgical severe adverse events (SAEs) associated with various perioperative regimens were analyzed. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed to compare treatment regimens and rank their efficacy. RESULTS: Thirty RCTs involving 8346 patients were included in this study. Neoadjuvant XELOX plus neoadjuvant radiotherapy and neoadjuvant CF were found to significantly improve the R0 resection rate compared with surgery alone, and the former had the highest probability of being the most effective option in this context. Neoadjuvant plus adjuvant FLOT was associated with the highest probability of being the best regimen for improving OS. Owing to limited data, no definitive ranking could be determined for DFS. Considering nonsurgical SAEs, FLO has emerged as the safest treatment regimen. CONCLUSION: This study provides valuable insights for clinicians when selecting perioperative treatment regimens for patients with locally resectable GC. Further studies are required to validate these findings.

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