Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.157
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708265

RESUMO

This is the first case report of sleep-disordered breathing in patients with Pontine Tegmental Cap Dysplasia (PTCD), a very rare neurological disorder characterized by an anatomic malformation in the pons. Patients present with hypotonia, cognitive dysfunction and cranial nerve palsies (e.g., hearing loss, trigeminal anesthesia, and swallow dysfunction). Extensive studies have demonstrated the relevance of different pontine neuronal nuclei in breathing regulation, which are structurally abnormal in PTCD. We present detailed polysomnography data for three patients aged 41 years, 20 years and 1.5 years revealing significant central sleep apnea. We discuss our experience with managing their sleep-disordered breathing in the setting of multiple cranial nerve palsies, corneal anesthesia, and its relative contraindication of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation treatment.

2.
J Med Chem ; 66(2): 1574-1582, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622814

RESUMO

Chromosomal region maintenance protein 1 (CRM1) is a validated anticancer drug target, and its covalent inhibitor KPT-330 has been approved for marketing. However, the development of CRM1 inhibitors, especially the noncovalent ones, is still very limited. Drug repurposing is an effective strategy to develop drug leads for new targets. In this work, we virtually screened a library of marketed drugs and identified zafirlukast as a new CRM1 inhibitor. Biochemical and structural analysis revealed that zafirlukast was a noncovalent CRM1 inhibitor that bound to four subpockets in the nuclear-export-signal (NES) groove. Methylation of the sulfonamide group rendered zafirlukast completely inactive against CRM1. Zafirlukast inhibited the growth of a variety of cancer cells and worked synergistically with the drug doxorubicin. Taken together, these works laid a solid foundation for reshaping zafirlukast as a valuable lead compound for further design of noncovalent, specific, and potent CRM1 inhibitors toward the treatment of various cancers.


Assuntos
Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Carioferinas , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Carioferinas/metabolismo , Indóis/farmacologia , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675119

RESUMO

Cancer-associated factors have been largely identified in the understanding of tumorigenesis and progression. However, aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetases (aaRSs) have so far been neglected in cancer research due to their canonical activities in protein translation and synthesis. FARSA, the alpha subunit of the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase is elevated across many cancer types, but its function in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remains undetermined. Herein, we found the lowest levels of FARSA in patients with MCL compared with other subtypes of lymphomas, and the same lower levels of FARSA were observed in chemoresistant MCL cell lines. Unexpectedly, despite the essential catalytic roles of FARSA, knockdown of FARSA in MCL cells did not lead to cell death but resulted in accelerated cell proliferation and cell cycle, whereas overexpression of FARSA induced remarkable cell-cycle arrest and overwhelming apoptosis. Further RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis and validation experiments confirmed a strong connection between FARSA and cell cycle in MCL cells. Importantly, FARSA leads to the alteration of cell cycle and survival via both PI3K-AKT and FOXO1-RAG1 axes, highlighting a FARSA-mediated regulatory network in MCL cells. Our findings, for the first time, reveal the noncanonical roles of FARSA in MCL cells, and provide novel insights into understanding the pathogenesis and progression of B-cell malignancies.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Humanos , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/metabolismo , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
4.
Toxicology ; 485: 153415, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603807

RESUMO

PM2.5 can affect the lipid metabolism and cause atherosclerosis. Abnormal lipid metabolism is a sever risk factor of atherosclerosis and the underlying molecular mechanism still remains unclear. In this study, GPL16956 Agilent-045997 Arraystar human lncRNA microarray V3 (Probe Name Version) platform was used to detect the different genes of lipid metabolism between the normal arterial intima and advanced atherosclerotic plaque, which were downloaded from GEO database. A high-fat diet and vitamin D3 were administered to Wistar rats to establish the atherosclerotic model and another normal healthy 56 rats were used as the non-atherosclerotic exposure groups. The atherosclerotic rats and non-atherosclerotic rats were randomly divided into 4 PM2.5 groups (0, 1.5, 7.5, 37.5 mg/kg), respectively. The results of bioinformatics showed changes in the Notch1, Dll1, Hes1, LDLR and ABCG1 levels. PM2.5 exposure could produce damage to the physiological structure of the aorta, and aggravate atherosclerosis in rats from both non-atherosclerotic and atherosclerotic groups. With the increase of the exposure dose, the levels of TC and TG significantly increased. PM2.5 exposure significantly affected the expression levels of PPARγ, ABCA1, LDLR, CD36, SR-BI and SREBP2. PM2.5 exposure could also affect the expression levels of the Notch signaling pathways which was significantly correlated with the levels of TC and TG. The results proved that PM2.5 exposure could induce and aggravate the atherosclerosis in rats by disrupting lipid metabolism in which Notch signaling pathway may play a significant role.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 306: 116131, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610675

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chinese herbal medicines have complex chemical composition; therefore, revealing the effective substances of Chinese herbal medicine becomes a prerequisite for scientific elucidation of the mechanism of action of Bushen Huoxue Prescription (BHP) against diabetic retinopathy (DR) and the development of new drugs. AIM OF THE STUDY: The Chinmedomics technique was used to evaluate the pharmacodynamic ingredients and mechanism of action of BHP against DR rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The overall physiological condition of the rats, including body weight, blood glucose, inflammatory factor levels, histological staining, and urine metabolic profile were examined to evaluate the model and its effects. The chemical composition of BHP in vivo and ex vivo was fully analyzed utilizing UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS in conjunction with TCM serum pharmacochemistry. Finally, correlation analysis between biomarkers, and serum migration components was used to identify Quality markers (Q-markers) that were significantly associated with effectiveness. RESULTS: The UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS platform was used to identify a total of 29 chemicals in serum, 17 of which were highly linked with effectiveness and can be potentially employed as pharmacodynamic substances for BHP against DR. In addition, 14 biomarkers related to galactose metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism were identified. These pathways reveal that DR may be inextricably linked to levels of oxidative stress and inflammation in the organism. Finally, five active ingredients were identified as potential Q-markers of BHP against DR, namely ajugol, protocatechuic acid, tanshinone IIA, panaxatriol and puerarin. CONCLUSION: This study successfully clarified the efficacy and Q-markers of BHP through the Chinmedomics strategy, which is of great significance in determining the quality standards of BHP.

6.
Fitoterapia ; 165: 105429, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649761

RESUMO

Two previous unreported fusicoccane diterpenoids macrostines A and B, together with seven known compounds were isolated from an extract of the fungus Periconia macrospinosa WTG-10. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analysis of spectroscopic data, NMR calculations with DP4+, and their absolute configurations were further determined by quantum chemical calculations of ECD spectra or X-crystallography. Macrostines A and B showed no cytotoxicity, antimicrobial activity and inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production in LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compound 9 showed moderate activity against Bacillus subtilis.

7.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 643: 139-146, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SAHA was reported to enhance the expression of miR-129-5p, which was predicted to bind to 3' UTR of CASP-6, a gene playing crucial roles in the pathogenesis of memory impairment. Whether SAHA/miR-129-5p/CASP-6 is involved in the pathogenesis of prenatal exposure to sevoflurane remains to be explored. METHODS: Morris water maze test was performed to evaluate the functional parameters of learning and memory. Quantitative real-time qPCR was carried out to analyze the expression of miRNAs and CASP-6 mRNA under different conditions. RESULTS: Sevoflurane exposure of pregnant rats and SAHA treatment of the offspring had no effect on the blood gases, litter size, survival rate and weight. SAHA administration remarkably reversed the learning and memory impairment in prenatal rats caused by sevoflurane exposure. Mechanistically, the abnormal expression of miR-129-5p and CASP-6 in the offspring of pregnant rats exposed to sevoflurane was effectively restored by SAHA treatment. The luciferase activity of CASP-6 vector was effectively inhibited by miR-129-5p in primary neuron cells of rats. Moreover, the expression of CASP-6 mRNA and protein was significantly suppressed by miR-129-5p and SAHA treatment in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our work demonstrated that the administration of SAHA suppressed the expression of CASP-6 via modulating the expression of miR-129-5p, and SAHA may rescue the apoptosis of neurons caused by exposure to sevoflurane. The underlying mechanism might be the ability of SAHA to relieve learning and memory impairment in the offspring of the pregnant rats exposed to sevoflurane.


Assuntos
Anestesia , MicroRNAs , Gravidez , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Vorinostat/farmacologia , Aprendizagem , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo
8.
J Clin Med ; 12(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and the prognosis of malignancy has been increasingly mentioned in recent research. This study aimed to construct nomograms based on the PNI to predict tumor progression and survival in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development set included 785 patients who underwent their first TACE between 2012 and 2016, and the validation set included 336 patients who underwent their first TACE between 2017 and 2018. The clinical outcomes included the time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). Cox regression was applied to screen for independent risk factors of TTP and OS in the development set, and PNI-based nomograms were constructed for TTP and OS. The predictive performance of nomograms was conducted through the C-index, calibration curves, and decision analysis curves in the development set and validation set. RESULTS: After multivariate analysis, the prognostic predictors of both TTP and OS included portal vessel invasion, extrahepatic metastasis, tumor number, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, longest tumor diameter, and PNI. Furthermore, the Child-Pugh classification and platelets (PLTs) were independent risk factors for OS only. Nomograms for predicting TTP and OS were constructed using TTP and OS prognostic factors. In the development set and the validation set, the C-index of the TTP nomograms was 0.699 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.680-0.718) and 0.670 (95%CI: 0.638-0.702), and the C-index of the OS nomograms was 0.730 (95%CI: 0.712-0.748) and 0.700 (95%CI: 0.665-0.723), respectively. CONCLUSION: Nomograms based on the PNI can effectively predict tumor progression and survival in patients with unresectable HCC undergoing TACE.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702757

RESUMO

Glycinal (HCOCH2NH2) and acetamide (CH3CONH2) are simple molecular building blocks of biomolecules in prebiotic chemistry, though their origin on early Earth and formation in interstellar media remain a mystery. These molecules are formed with their tautomers in low temperature interstellar model ices upon interaction with simulated galactic cosmic rays. Glycinal and acetamide are accessed via barrierless radical-radical reactions of vinoxy (•CH2CHO) and acetyl (•C(O)CH3), and then undergo keto-enol tautomerization. Exploiting tunable photoionization reflectron time-of-flight mass spectroscopy and photoionization efficiency (PIE) curves, these results demonstrate fundamental reaction pathways for the formation of complex organics through non-equilibrium ice reactions in cold molecular cloud environments. These molecules demonstrate an unconventional starting point for abiotic synthesis of organics relevant to contemporary biomolecules like polypeptides and cell membranes in deep space.

10.
Bioresour Technol ; 371: 128596, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638896

RESUMO

An adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) strategy was designed to evolve autotrophic Nitzschia closterium to mixotrophic growth for high productivity of essential amino acid (EAA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and fucoxanthin. The N. closterium growth was limited under glucose initially, but a red light emitting diode was innovatively applied to modify carbon metabolism and obtain mixotrophic strain of N. closterium GM. The N. closterium GM biomass concentration was improved by 65.07% comparing with wild type, but exhibited weak photosynthesis and strong glucose metabolism. At carbon metabolism levels, ALE promoted NADPH oxidase activity and induced protein degradation to lipid biosynthesis by elevating acetyl-CoA and pyruvate contents. It also improved carbon flux to TCA cycle, and elevated contents of glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-6-phosphate, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate for providing sufficient ATP and NADPH. Productivities of EPA, EAA and fucoxanthin were increased by 41.0%, 18.8% and 20.4%, respectively. This ALE strategy was promising in microalgal production of high-value products.

11.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678161

RESUMO

An irrational diet has been widely considered as one of the vital risk factors of hypertension. Previous studies have indicated that immune dysfunction may be involved in the pathogenic process of hypertension, while fewer studies have mentioned whether CD4+ T cells are involved in the association between dietary pattern and hypertension. This present 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted to analyze the association among dietary pattern, CD4+ T cells and hypertension. A total of 56 patients with diagnosed hypertension and 56 subjects without diagnosed hypertension in the rural area of Beijing City, northern China, were matched by age and gender, and then classified into a case group and a control group, respectively. Compared with the control group, higher frequencies of pro-inflammatory CD4+ T cells, such as Th1, Th1(IFN-γ), Th17(IL-17A), and Th1/17 (IFN-γ/IL-17A), were found in the case group (p < 0.05). A significantly higher level of circulating IL-17A was also found in the case group (7.4 pg/mL vs. 8.2 pg/mL, p < 0.05). Five dietary patterns were identified using exploratory factor analysis. An irrational dietary pattern, characterized by high-factor loadings of refined wheat (0.65), meat (0.78), poultry (0.76), and alcoholic beverage (0.73), was positively associated with SBP (ß = 5.38, 95%CI = 0.73~10.03, p < 0.05) in the multiple linear regression model with the adjustment of potential covariates. The other dietary patterns showed no significant association with blood pressure. Furthermore, meat, processed meat, and animal viscera were positively correlated with the peripheral Th17 or Th1/17. In conclusion, the irrational dietary pattern characterized by refined wheat, meat, poultry, and alcoholic beverage, was positively correlated with blood pressure, and may increase the risk of hypertension in the rural area of Beijing, northern China. Th17, a subset of the CD4+ T helper cells, may be involved in the association between irrational dietary pattern and hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Células Th17 , Humanos , Pequim , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Interleucina-17 , Células Th1 , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696656

RESUMO

Phthalates are widely used to improve the flexibility of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) polymer agriculture products. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a type of addition to plastic and can lead to many health problems. Hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an extremely important molecule that releases enzymatic products to promote ferroptosis. This research aimed to explore the function of HO-1 in DEHP-induced renal proximal tubule cell ferroptosis. In the experiment, ICR male mice are exposed to (0, 50, 200, and 500 mg/kg BW/day) DEHP for 28 days. Here, we observed that DEHP induced glomeruli atrophy and the tubules swell. Furthermore, DEHP exposure could increase ferrous iron content and decrease antioxidant activity. We also found that DEHP exposure increased the expression of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (NFE2L2) in the nucleus. In particular, the expression of (HO-1) is significantly increased both in protein and mRNA levels. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) as an endogenous control of ferroptosis was downregulated, which proved the occurrence of ferroptosis. In the study, exposure to DEHP activated the NFE2L2/HO-1 signaling pathway and resulted in ferroptosis of the proximal tubule. This research connects ferroptosis with HO-1, providing new insights into the potential roles of phthalates in nephrotoxicity.

13.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622761

RESUMO

Uncontrolled bleeding is one of the most important causes threatening human health, but quick hemostasis remains a challenge. We prepared porous cryogels with poly ß-cyclodextrin (Pß-CD) and quaternary ammoniated chitosan (QCs). Pß-CD acts as a "water-grabbing agent" to assist QCs' ability to absorb and concentrate blood rapidly. The rat-tail amputation model and liver injury model exhibited that cryogels had excellent hemostatic performance. Moreover, cryogels showed good antibacterial activity and biocompatibility. Therefore, these cryogels can be used as potential hemostatic materials.

14.
Science ; 379(6629): 294-299, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656947

RESUMO

Noise is usually undesired yet inevitable in science and engineering. However, by introducing the engineered noise to the precise solution of Jones matrix elements, we break the fundamental limit of polarization multiplexing capacity of metasurfaces that roots from the dimension constraints of the Jones matrix. We experimentally demonstrate up to 11 independent holographic images using a single metasurface illuminated by visible light with different polarizations. To the best of our knowledge, it is the highest capacity reported for polarization multiplexing. Combining the position multiplexing scheme, the metasurface can generate 36 distinct images, forming a holographic keyboard pattern. This discovery implies a new paradigm for high-capacity optical display, information encryption, and data storage.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658427

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by anti-tumor drugs, such as cisplatin, is a severe complication with no effective treatment currently, leading to the reduction or discontinuation of chemotherapy. Natural products or herbal medicines are gradually considered as promising agents against cisplatin-induced AKI with the advantages of multi-targeting, multi-effects, and less resistance. In this study, we investigated the effects of kaempferide, a natural flavonoid extracted from the rhizome of Kaempferia galanga, in experimental AKI models in vitro and in vivo. We first conducted pharmacokinetic study in mice and found a relative stable state of kaempferide with a small amount of conversion into kaempferol. We showed that both kaempferide (10 µM) and kaempferol (10 µM) significantly inhibited cisplatin-caused injuries in immortalized proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2. In AKI mice induced by injection of a single dose of cisplatin (15 mg/kg), oral administration of kaempferide (50 mg/kg) either before or after cisplatin injection markedly improved renal function, and ameliorated renal tissue damage. We demonstrated that kaempferide inhibited oxidative stress and induced autophagy in cisplatin-treated mice and HK-2 cells, thus increasing tubular cell viability and decreasing immune responses to attenuate the disease progression. In addition, treatment with kaempferide significantly ameliorated ischemia-reperfusion-induced renal injury in vitro and in vivo. We conclude that kaempferide is a promising natural product for treating various AKI. This study has great implications for promotion of its use in healthcare products, and help to break through the limited use of cisplatin in the clinic.

16.
Cell Res ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650285

RESUMO

CRISPR-Cas modules serve as the adaptive nucleic acid immune systems for prokaryotes, and provide versatile tools for nucleic acid manipulation in various organisms. Here, we discovered a new miniature type V system, CRISPR-Casπ (Cas12l) (~860 aa), from the environmental metagenome. Complexed with a large guide RNA (~170 nt) comprising the tracrRNA and crRNA, Casπ (Cas12l) recognizes a unique 5' C-rich PAM for DNA cleavage under a broad range of biochemical conditions, and generates gene editing in mammalian cells. Cryo-EM study reveals a 'bracelet' architecture of Casπ effector encircling the DNA target at 3.4 Å resolution, substantially different from the canonical 'two-lobe' architectures of Cas12 and Cas9 nucleases. The large guide RNA serves as a 'two-arm' scaffold for effector assembly. Our study expands the knowledge of DNA targeting mechanisms by CRISPR effectors, and offers an efficient but compact platform for DNA manipulation.

17.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682511

RESUMO

Although anti-tumor strategies targeting tumor-associated immune cells were being rapidly developed, the preparations were usually limited in targeting efficiency. To overcome this barrier, this study reported a novel sialic acid-octadecylamine (SA-ODA) and monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1) co-modified epirubicin liposomes (5-5-SAGL-EPI), which improved tumor-targeting ability through the active targeting of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) by SA-ODA and the long circulation of GM1. Thus, we evaluated 5-5-SAGL-EPI in vitro and in vivo. Analysis of cellular uptake by RAW264.7 cells using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy showed a higher rate of cellular uptake for 5-5-SAGL-EPI than for the common liposomes (CL-EPI). In pharmacokinetic studies using Wistar rats, compared to CL-EPI, 5-5-SAGL-EPI showed a higher circulation time in vivo. Tissue distribution studies in Kunming mice bearing S180 tumors revealed increased distribution of 5-5-SAGL-EPI in tumor tissues compared with liposomes modified with single ligands (SA-ODA [5-SAL-EPI] or GM1 [5-GL-EPI]). In vivo anti-tumor experiments using the S180 tumor-bearing mice revealed a high tumor inhibition rate and low toxicity for 5-5-SAGL-EPI. Moreover, freeze-dried 5-5-SAGL-EPI had good storage stability, and the anti-tumor effect was comparable to that before freeze-drying. Overall, 5-5-SAGL-EPI exhibited excellent anti-tumor effects before and after lyophilization.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683107

RESUMO

As an important drinking water source for North China, the Middle Route of China's South-to-North Water Diversion Project (MRP) must provide high-quality water to maintain the health and safety of more than 60 million people. However, different water transfer operation modes may affect the water quality status, and the spatiotemporal characteristics of water quality in the MRP, with high water transfer volumes, remain poorly understood. In this study, the differences in water quality in the MRP between the initial stage (Nov. 2015 to Oct. 2017, low transfer volumes) and the current stage (Nov. 2017 to Oct. 2020, high transfer volumes) were compared, and the spatiotemporal water quality variations in the current stage were evaluated using multivariate statistical methods. For this purpose, approximately 12,528 observations, including the datasets of 12 water quality parameters collected from 29 monitoring sites, were used. The results showed that the water quality status improved significantly during the current stage. Based on principal component analysis (PCA), physical parameters (natural), nutrients, organic matter and microbes (anthropogenic), and heavy metals (natural and anthropogenic) were the key factors influencing water quality variations. Based on hierarchical cluster analysis, 12 months were classified into two groups: the high-flow period (HFP, Jun.-Oct.) and the low-flow period (LFP, Nov.-May). Additionally, 29 sampling sites were grouped into three sections: the Henan section (HN; S1-S16), Hebei section (HB; S17-S24), and Tianjin-Beijing section (TB; S25-S29). From the perspective of water quality regulation, the total nitrogen concentration and permanganate index in the HB and TB sections of the MRP should be considered throughout the year, and the faecal coliform concentrations in these two sections should also be considered during the HFP. The results of this study could be helpful for local administrations to understand and control pollution and better protect the quality of water in the MRP.

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626166

RESUMO

The catalytic asymmetric cyclopropanation reaction of alkenes with diazo compounds is a direct and powerful method to construct chiral cyclopropanes that are essential to drug discovery. However, diazo compounds are potentially explosive and often require hazardous reagents for their preparation. Here, we report on the use of 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds as safe and readily available surrogates for diazo compounds in the direct catalytic asymmetric deoxygenative cyclopropanation reaction. Enabled by a class of simple and readily accessible chiral salen-Mo catalysts, the reaction proceeded with generally good enantioselectivities and yields toward a wide range of substrates (80 examples). Preliminary mechanistic studies suggested that the proposed µ-oxo bridged dinuclear Mo(III)-species was the catalytically active species. This strategy not only provides a promising route for the synthesis of chiral cyclopropanes but also opens a new window for the potential applications of chiral salen-Mo complexes in asymmetric catalysis.

20.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 577, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631470

RESUMO

The distribution of Haptoglobin (HP) subtypes differs according to race and geography. It was also confirmed that the serum HP concentration was substantially affected by the HP subtypes. This study aimed to investigate the HP subtypes in northern Chinese and to establish reference intervals for the major HP subtypes using the BN II system. 1195 individuals were included in the study, grouped by haptoglobin subtype, and tested for concentrations by BN II System. Analysis of reference range was performed according to the EP28-A3c guideline. The need to establish reference ranges for subtype, gender, and age groupings was confirmed by the Z-test. The 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles were used as the upper and lower limits of the reference interval, respectively. In the population we investigated, the HP2-2 subtype had the highest proportion, accounting for 49.3%, followed by HP2-1 (38.0%), HP1-1 (7.2%). In addition, about 5.5% of individuals had HPdel-related subtypes. The concentrations of the major subtypes (HP1-1, HP2-1, HP2-2) were significantly different, and it was necessary to establish reference ranges by grouping according to the results of the Z-test. The reference intervals were as follows: HP1-1, 0.37-2.19 g/L; HP2-1, 0.38-2.12 g/L; HP2-2, 0.12-1.51 g/L. Significant differences in HP concentrations between genders and ages were found, however, it was not necessary to establish separate reference interval since the results of the Z-test was negative. We have established reference ranges of serum haptoglobin concentrations based on subtypes, which are necessary for the clinical application of haptoglobin.


Assuntos
Haptoglobinas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/genética , Haptoglobinas/análise , Genótipo , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...