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1.
Regen Ther ; 25: 395-404, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435088

RESUMO

Over the past decades, there has been ongoing effort to develop complex biomimetic tissue engineering strategies for in vitro cultivation and maintenance of organoids. The defined hydrogels can create organoid models for various organs by changing their properties and various active molecules. An increasing number of researches has been done on the application of hydrogels in organoids, and a large number of articles have been published on the topic. Although there have been existing reviews describing the application of hydrogels in the field of organoids, there is still a lack of comprehensive studies summarizing and analyzing the overall research trends in this field. The citation can be used as an indicator of the scientific influence of an article in its field. This study aims to evaluate the application of hydrogels in organoids through bibliometric analysis, and to predict the hotspots and developing trends in this field.

2.
Cytokine ; 176: 156510, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308951

RESUMO

More and more evidence shows that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in the biological behavior of many kinds of malignant tumors, but the specific function of lncRNA Linc00657 in cervical cancer is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of Linc00657 on the malignant progression of cervical cancer and its potential mechanism. In two kinds of cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells, qRT-PCR showed increased expression of Linc00657 in cervical cancer cells. Through MTT, clone formation test, flow cytometry, wound healing test and Transwell test, it has been found that overexpression of Linc00657 could promote the proliferation,migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells,and inhibit apoptosis. Through the StarBase database, it was found that there may be a mutual regulatory relationship between Linc00657 and Skp2, and Skp2 may be the downstream target of Linc00657. QRT-PCR detection confirmed that the expression of Skp2 was increased in cervical cancer cells with overexpression of Linc00657. TIMER2 database found that Skp2 was associated with lipid metabolic enzymes and immune cell infiltration. It was found that Linc00657 knockdown inhibited tumor growth and metastasis and inhibited the expression of Skp2 in vivo. In short, our research shows that Linc00657 has carcinogenic properties in cervical cancer, and LINC00657 promotes the occurrence of cervical cancer by up-regulating the expression of Skp2. We predict that Linc00657/mir30s/Skp2 axis plays a role in the malignant progression of cervical cancer. In addition, Skp2 may participate in cancer immune response and promote lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer through lipid reprogramming. These findings also provide promising targets for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Lipídeos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 661: 501-511, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308890

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework materials (MOFs) and their derivatives have been widely used in the field of photocatalytic water decomposition for hydrogen production. In this study, NiS/CdS was initially acquired and subsequently combined with DUT-67 via ultrasound to create a unique ternary photocatalyst NiS/CdS@DUT-67. The rate of hydrogen production for NiS/CdS@DUT-67 is 9618 µmol·g NiS/CdS-1·h-1 for NiS/CdS@DUT-67, which is 32 times and 2.5 times higher than that for CdS and NiS/CdS, respectively. Of particular interest is the fact that even after 50 h of photocatalysis, the hydrogen production rate did not show a significant decrease, demonstrating its excellent stability compared to CdS and NiS/CdS. In this ternary system, NiS and DUT-67 function as dual co-catalysts for CdS, collaborating to enhance charge separation during the photocatalysis. This study presents a clear demonstration of the advantages of utilizing metal-organic framework derivatives (MOF-derivatives) cophotocatalysts and their synergistic effect, resulting in improved photocatalytic activity and stability of semiconductors. This innovative approach provides a new perspective on constructing photocatalytic materials with exceptional performance.

4.
Langmuir ; 40(10): 5518-5526, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416792

RESUMO

Hydrogen (H2) stands as a clean energy alternative to fossil fuels, especially within the domain of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), offering prospective solutions to mitigate both environmental and energy-related challenges. In this work, we successfully synthesized a sea-urchin-like catalyst, specifically a nickel-cobalt phosphide nanoneedle array on N-doped carbon nanospheres (Ni0.5Co1.5P@NCSs), for efficient HER by a sequential hydrothermal and low-temperature phosphating process. The catalyst exhibits sea-urchin-like structures, offering a specific surface area of 298 m2 g-1 and consequently furnishing a greater abundance of active sites. Comparing with non-sea-urchin-like Ni0.5Co1.5P@CN catalysts, the Ni0.5Co1.5P@NCSs exhibit an overpotential of 163 mV at 10 mA cm-2, a Tafel slope of 60 mV dec-1, and a maintained current density of approximately 90% during 50 h of continuous electrolysis. Experiments demonstrate that the outstanding electrochemical properties of the Ni0.5Co1.5P@NCSs originate from nitrogen doping of carbon spheres, the distinctive morphology of sea-urchin-like nanoneedle arrays, and simultaneous enhancements in intermediate adsorption energy, charge transfer, and electrolyte diffusion channel shortening. This work emphasizes a preparation strategy for synthesizing an attractive electrocatalyst with a low cost and efficient HER performance.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 69, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The yak is a symbol of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and provides important basic resources for human life on the plateau. Domestic yaks have been subjected to strong artificial selection and environmental pressures over the long-term. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of phenotypic differences in yak populations can reveal key functional genes involved in the domestication process and improve genetic breeding. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Here, we re-sequenced 80 yaks (Maiwa, Yushu, and Huanhu populations) to identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as genetic variants. After filtering and quality control, remaining SNPs were kept to identify the genome-wide regions of selective sweeps associated with domestic traits. The four methods (π, XPEHH, iHS, and XP-nSL) were used to detect the population genetic separation. RESULTS: By comparing the differences in the population stratification, linkage disequilibrium decay rate, and characteristic selective sweep signals, we identified 203 putative selective regions of domestic traits, 45 of which were mapped to 27 known genes. They were clustered into 4 major GO biological process terms. All known genes were associated with seven major domestication traits, such as dwarfism (ANKRD28), milk (HECW1, HECW2, and OSBPL2), meat (SPATA5 and GRHL2), fertility (BTBD11 and ARFIP1), adaptation (NCKAP5, ANTXR1, LAMA5, OSBPL2, AOC2, and RYR2), growth (GRHL2, GRID2, SMARCAL1, and EPHB2), and the immune system (INPP5D and ADCYAP1R1). CONCLUSIONS: We provided there is an obvious genetic different among domestic progress in these three yak populations. Our findings improve the understanding of the major genetic switches and domestic processes among yak populations.


Assuntos
ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares , Domesticação , Receptores de Esteroides , Animais , Humanos , Bovinos/genética , Genoma , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Genética Populacional , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Receptores de Superfície Celular , DNA Helicases , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases
6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 30(2): 99-106, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37943487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of aristolochic acid (AA)-associated cancer in patients with AA nephropathy (AAN). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients diagnosed with AAN at Peking University First Hospital from January 1997 to December 2014. Long-term surveillance and follow-up data were analyzed to investigate the influence of different factors on the prevalence of cancer. The primary endpoint was the incidence of liver cancer, and the secondary endpoint was the incidence of urinary cancer during 1 year after taking AA-containing medication to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 337 patients diagnosed with AAN were included in this study. From the initiation of taking AA to the termination of follow-up, 39 patients were diagnosed with cancer. No cases of liver cancer were observed throughout the entire follow-up period, with urinary cancer being the predominant type (34/39, 87.17%). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, follow-up period, and diabetes were potential risk factors, however, the dosage of the drug was not significantly associated with urinary cancer. CONCLUSIONS: No cases of liver cancer were observed at the end of follow-up. However, a high prevalence of urinary cancer was observed in AAN patients. Establishing a direct causality between AA and HCC is challenging.


Assuntos
Ácidos Aristolóquicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Nefropatias , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Ácidos Aristolóquicos/efeitos adversos
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133103, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043421

RESUMO

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination in food has attracted worldwide attention. The sensitive detection of AFB1 is vital for ensuring food quality and safety. This study developed an ultrasensitive signal-enhanced lateral flow immunosensor (LFIS) based on the functionalized zirconium metal-organic framework (MOF) of a UiO linker enriched with abundant aggregation-induced emission luminogen (UiOL@AIEgens) probes for the rapid dual-modal point-of-care (POC) determination of AFB1. Using UiO MOFs with numerous active sites as the carrier facilitated abundant AIEgens enrichment on the surface. After coupling with enough anti-AFB1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), the green-emissive UiOL@AIEgens-mAbs probes with high specificity and remarkably-enhanced fluorescence responses were obtained to competitively capture target AFB1 in the standard or sample solution and AFB1 antigen immobilized on the test (T) line of the POC LFIS. Under optimum conditions, the LFIS was capable of visual qualitative and smartphone-assisted dual-modal determination of target AFB1 within 7 min. Detection occurred in a range of 0.01-5 ng/mL at an ultra-low detection limit of 0.003 ng/mL, which was 300- and 600-fold lower than traditional immunoassays and the maximum limit set by the European Union, respectively. Moreover, the feasibility and robustness of the LFIS platform were assessed by detecting AFB1 in maize and lotus seed samples with average recoveries of 94.3-109.0%. The developed UiOL@AIEgens-based POC LFIS can be used for ultrasensitive, reliable, on-site detection in food. This study provides a new method for the real-time monitoring of AFB1 and other harmful contaminants in food and more complex matrices.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Aflatoxina B1/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Imunoensaio/métodos , Alimentos , Limite de Detecção , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 170: 116001, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128182

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a main cause of low back pain (LBP), which can lead to disability and thus generate a heavy burden on society. IVDD is characterized by a decrease in nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) and endogenous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), degradation of the extracellular matrix, macrophage infiltration, and blood vessel and nerve ingrowth. To date, the therapeutic approaches regarding IVDD mainly include conservative treatment and surgical intervention. However, both can only relieve symptoms rather than stop or revert the progression of IVDD, since the pathogenesis of IVDD is not yet clear. Pyroptosis, which is characterized by Caspase family dependence and conducted by the Gasdermin family, is a newly discovered mode of programmed cell death. Pyroptosis has been observed in NPCs, annulus fibrosus cells (AFCs), chondrocytes, MSCs, macrophages, vascular endothelial cells and neurons and may contribute to IVDD. MSCs are a kind of pluripotent stem cell that can be found in almost all tissues. MSCs have a strong ability to secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs), which contain exosomes, microvesicles and apoptotic bodies. EVs derived from MSCs play an important role in pyroptosis regulation and could be beneficial for alleviating IVDD. This review focuses on clarifying the regulation of pyroptosis to improve IVDD by MSCs and EVs derived from MSCs.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Núcleo Pulposo , Humanos , Piroptose , Células Endoteliais , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/terapia
9.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 604-612, 2023 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37805686

RESUMO

Chinese medicine entered a significant period from foundation to maturity between Han and Tang dynasties when the Chinese traditional stomatology was a key stage. Sorting and analysis of existing literature and research outcomes have showed that current research on stomatology between Han and Tang dynasties focuses on oral physiology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment, and health care. It also involves stomatology history and explanation of termino-logies related to mouth and teeth recorded in medical books, use of simple methods, and thinking with citation and analysis of literature simply listed and reasoning preliminarily deducted. From the macro perspective, current research has not unveiled the whole picture of stomatology between the two dynasties and left a series of key issues unresolved. Thus, new methods should be developed and employed to carry out medical research on stomatology between Han and Tang dynasties given that is has a prosperous future.


Assuntos
Boca , Medicina Bucal , Cognição , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
10.
Dalton Trans ; 52(37): 13079-13088, 2023 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37668338

RESUMO

Electrocatalysts with a high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity are very important for electrochemical water oxidation, but they are also challenging. In this study, N-doped graphene-like supported highly dispersed bimetallic NiCoP NPs as an efficient electrocatalyst for water oxidation were prepared by using cation exchange resin as a carbon source and by loading cobalt and nickel on D001 by a high-temperature calcination method. The designed electrocatalyst with bimetallic phosphide as the active center shows excellent OER catalytic performance, with an overpotential of 324 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and a corresponding Tafel slope of 97.28 mV dec-1. The increase in NiCoP-3@GL activity may be due to the increase in surface area (933.49 m2 g-1) caused by the irregular morphology, rich interface contact, and porous structure. In addition, the strong combination of NiCoP and GL improves the structural stability and durability of the electrocatalyst. After 5000 cyclic voltammetry tests, the performance of the catalyst decreased by 16.9 %. This work provides a new idea for designing efficient bimetallic phosphide electrocatalysts.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1226386, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37693913

RESUMO

Background: There have been individual case reports of aripiprazole in recent years, both domestically and internationally, but no analysis of the characteristics of the occurrence of adverse reactions/events of drug-induced liver injury with aripiprazole using spontaneous reports has been seen. Methods: Using a retrospective study approach, the 452 adverse reaction/event reports of aripiprazole-induced liver injury collected by the China Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring System from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2016 were analyzed and evaluated, and exploring it's the clinical characteristics and related risk factors for liver injury occurrence. Results: Among 452 cases of aripiprazole-induced liver injury ADR/ADE reports, there were 121 cases classified as serious, accounting for 26.8% of the total. There were 250 male and 202 female patients, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.24:1. The age of patients ranged from 11 to 77 years old, with an average age of (34.56 ± 12.81) years old, and a high proportion of young adults in the total population. Some patients had used the drug off-label or at a higher than recommended dosage. The onset of liver injury was generally within 15-90 days after continuous use, while some patients are also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and weight gain. 70% of the combined drug instructions listed that may cause liver injury. Conclusion: In clinical practice, healthcare professionals should pay closely attention to the adverse reactions and risk factors of liver injury caused by aripiprazole. If there are potential risk factors for liver injury, early and regular monitoring of liver function should be carried out to reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions.

12.
Anim Biotechnol ; 34(8): 3978-3987, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37593948

RESUMO

Meat tenderness is an important sensory index when consumers choose meat products, which determines the value of meat products and consumers' buying intentions. Yak meat is rich in nutrition and unique in flavor, which is favored by consumers. However, its meat has the deficiencies of low tenderness and poor taste, which has a negative impact on the value of its meat products and customer satisfaction. To identify the genes affecting the yak meat tenderness, we used RNA-seq to analyze the longissimus dorsi muscle of yaks with different tenderness, screened a total of 1120 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Meanwhile, 23 pathways were significantly enriched. By further analysis, we identified eight genes related to yak meat tenderness (WNT5A, ARID5B, SERPINE1 KLHL40, RUNX1, MAFF, RFX7 and ARID5A). Notably, SERPINE1 was involved in the significant enrichment pathways of 'complement and coagulation cascade pathway', 'HIF-1 signaling pathway' and 'AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications' which can regulate meat tenderness. This implies that SERPINE1 may play an important regulatory role among them. The DEGs associated with yak meat quality screened in this work will be helpful to identify potential biomarkers related to meat tenderness.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Carne , Bovinos/genética , Animais , Carne/análise , RNA-Seq , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética
13.
Hortic Res ; 10(7): uhad117, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37577398

RESUMO

'Chinese Cling' is an important founder in peach breeding history due to the pleasant flavor. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) combined with genomic selection are promising tools in fruit tree breeding, as there is a considerable time lapse between crossing and release of a cultivar. In this study, 242 peaches from Shanghai germplasm were genotyped with 145 456 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The six agronomic traits of fruit flesh color, fruit shape, fruit hairiness, flower type, pollen sterility, and soluble solids content, along with 14 key volatile odor compounds (VOCs), were recorded for multiple-statistical GWAS. Except the reported candidate genes, six novel genes were identified as associated with these traits. Thirty-nine significant SNPs were associated with eight VOCs. The putative candidate genes were confirmed for VOCs by RNA-seq, including three genes in the biosynthesis pathway found to be associated with linalool, soluble solids content, and cis-3-hexenyl acetate. Multiple-trait genomic prediction enhanced the predictive ability for γ-decalactone to 0.7415 compared with the single-trait model value of 0.1017. One PTS1-SSR marker was designed to predict the linalool content, and the favorable genotype 187/187 was confirmed, mainly existing in the 'Shanghai Shuimi' landrace. Overall, our findings will be helpful in determining peach accessions with the ideal phenotype and show the potential of multiple-trait genomic prediction to improve accuracy for highly correlated genetic traits. The diagnostic marker will be valuable for the breeder to bridge the gap between quantitative trait loci and marker-assisted selection for developing strong-aroma cultivars.

14.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 3930, 2023 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37402793

RESUMO

Genetic improvement of grain quality is more challenging in hybrid rice than in inbred rice due to additional nonadditive effects such as dominance. Here, we describe a pipeline developed for joint analysis of phenotypes, effects, and generations (JPEG). As a demonstration, we analyze 12 grain quality traits of 113 inbred lines (male parents), five tester lines (female parents), and 565 (113×5) of their hybrids. We sequence the parents for single nucleotide polymorphisms calling and infer the genotypes of the hybrids. Genome-wide association studies with JPEG identify 128 loci associated with at least one of the 12 traits, including 44, 97, and 13 loci with additive effects, dominant effects, and both additive and dominant effects, respectively. These loci together explain more than 30% of the genetic variation in hybrid performance for each of the traits. The JEPG statistical pipeline can help to identify superior crosses for breeding rice hybrids with improved grain quality.


Assuntos
Oryza , Oryza/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Melhoramento Vegetal , Fenótipo , Genótipo , Grão Comestível/genética
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(9): 2552-2556, 2023 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37282884

RESUMO

With the increase in the medical level, the improvement of adverse drug reaction(ADR) monitoring systems, and the enhancement of public awareness of safe medication, drug safety incidents have been frequently reported. Drug-induced liver injury(DILI), especially liver injury attributed to herbal and dietary supplements(HDS), has globally attracted high attention, bringing great threats and severe challenges to the people for drug safety management such as clinical medication and medical supervision. Consensus on drug-induced liver injury had been published by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences(CIOMS) in 2020. In this consensus, liver injury attributed to HDS was included in a special chapter for the first time. The hot topics, including the definition of HDS-induced liver injury, epidemiological history, potential risk factors, collection of related risk signals, causality assessment, risk prevention, control and management were discussed from a global perspective. Based on the previous works, some experts from China were invited by CIOMS to undertake the compilation of this chapter. Meanwhile, a new causality assessment in DILI based on the integrated evidence chain(iEC) method was widely recognized by experts in China and abroad, and was recommended by this consensus. This paper briefly introduced the main contents, background, and characteristics of the Consensus on drug-induced liver injury. Significantly, a brief interpretation was illustrated to analyze the special highlights of Chapter 8, "Liver injury attributed to HDS", so as to provide practical references for the medical staff and the researchers who worked on either Chinese or Western medicine in China.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Humanos , Consenso , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(10): 2557-2564, 2023 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37282916

RESUMO

Profound changes have taken place in human disease spectrum, constitution spectrum, and drug use behavior, and the safety of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) faces new trends and problems. In particular, serious adverse reactions/events such as liver injury and kidney injury caused by non-toxic TCM have been frequently reported, overturning people's understanding of TCM safety, and even shaking the public's confidence in the development of TCM. In the new era of globalization, correctly understanding the situation and problems of TCM safety and addressing the dilemmas in safety evaluation and risk prevention of TCM are the key missions to be undertaken by TCM practitioners. This paper suggests that the situation and problems of TCM safety should be viewed objectively and dialectically, and the use standard of TCM should be advanced with the times. Furthermore, this paper puts forward the new conception and methodology of TCM safety(including one innovative understanding, two types of evaluation modes, tri-elements injury hypothesis; four-quadrant risk decision processes, and five-grade safety evidence body) for the first time, hoping to provide new theories, new strategies, new methods and successful examples for solving the safety problems of TCM.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Internacionalidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos
17.
Inorg Chem ; 62(26): 10504-10512, 2023 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37338465

RESUMO

Exploring high-performance non-precious metal-based electrocatalysts for the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER) process is fundamentally significant for the development of multifarious renewable energy conversion and storage systems. Oxygen vacancy (Vo) engineering is an effective leverage to boost the intrinsic activity of OER, but the underlying catalytic mechanism remains anfractuous. Herein, we realize the construction of oxygen vacancy-enriched porous NiO/ln2O3 nanofibers (designated as Vo-NiO/ln2O3@NFs hereafter) via a facile fabrication strategy for efficient oxygen evolution electrocatalysis. Theoretical calculations and experimental results uncover that, compared with the no-plasma engraving component, the presence of abundant oxygen vacancies in the Vo-NiO/ln2O3@NFs is conducive to modulating the electronic configuration of the catalyst, altering the adsorption of intermediates to reduce the OER overpotential and promote O* formation, upshifting the d band center of metal centers near the Fermi level (Ef), and also increasing the electrical conductivity and enhancing the OER reaction kinetics simultaneously. In situ Raman spectra proclaim that the oxygen vacancy can render the NiO/ln2O3 more easily reconstructible on the surface during the OER course. Therefore, the as-obtained Vo-NiO/ln2O3@NFs demonstrated distinguished OER activity, with an overpotential of only 230 mV at 10 mA cm-2 and excellent stability in alkaline medium, surmounting the majority of the previously reported representative non-noble metal-based candidates. The fundamental insights gained from this work can pave a new path for the electronic structure modulation of efficient, inexpensive OER catalysts via Vo engineering.

18.
Chin Med ; 18(1): 47, 2023 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37127639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bao-Gan-Xing-Jiu-Wan (BGXJW) is a clinical experience-based Chinese herbal formula. Its efficacy, pharmacological safety, targeted function, process quality, and other aspects have met the evaluation standards and the latest requirements of preparations. It could prevent and alleviate the symptoms of drunkenness and alcoholic liver injury clinically. The present work aims to elucidate whether BGXJW could protect against drunkenness and alcoholic liver disease in mice and explore the associated mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used acute-on-chronic (NIAAA) mice model to induce alcoholic steatosis, and alcohol binge-drinking model to reappear the drunk condition. BGXJW at indicated doses were administered by oral gavage respectively to analyze its effects on alcoholic liver injury and the associated molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: BGXJW had no cardiac, hepatic, renal, or intestinal toxicity in mice. Alcoholic liver injury and steatosis in the NIAAA mode were effectively prevented by BGXJW treatment. BGXJW increased the expression of alcohol metabolizing enzymes ADH, CYP2E1, and ALDH2 to enhance alcohol metabolism, inhibited steatosis through regulating lipid metabolism, counteracted alcohol-induced upregulation of lipid synthesis related proteins SREBP1, FASN, and SCD1, meanwhile it enhanced fatty acids ß-oxidation related proteins PPAR-α and CPT1A. Alcohol taken enhanced pro-inflammatory TNF-α, IL-6 and down-regulated the anti-inflammatory IL-10 expression in the liver, which were also reversed by BGXJW administration. Moreover, BGXJW significantly decreased the blood ethanol concentration and alleviated drunkenness in the alcohol binge-drinking mice model. CONCLUSIONS: BGXJW could effectively relieve drunkenness and prevent alcoholic liver disease by regulating lipid metabolism, inflammatory response, and alcohol metabolism.

19.
Animals (Basel) ; 13(9)2023 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37174506

RESUMO

Yaks have evolved several breeds or genetic resources owing to their geographical and ecological environment, and investigating the genetic construction of body size among breeds is key for breeding. Here, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed for five body size traits in 31 yak breeds and genetic resources. The information from clustering individuals according to their habitats was used for kinship grouping in the compressed mixed linear model (CMLM). We named this approach the pCMLM method. A total of 3,584,464 high-quality single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were obtained, and six markers were found to be significantly associated with height by pCMLM. Four candidate genes, including FXYD6, SOHLH2, ADGRB2, and OSBPL6, were identified. Our results show that when CMLM cannot identify optimal clustering groups, pCMLM can provide sufficient associated results based on population information. Moreover, this study provides basic information on the gene localization of quantitative traits of body size among yak breeds.

20.
Cell Commun Signal ; 21(1): 123, 2023 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37231437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is common in hepatology practices and, in some cases, lethal. Increasing evidence show that tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) can induce IDILI in clinical applications but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. METHODS: We assessed the specificity of several TCAs for NLRP3 inflammasome via MCC950 (a selective NLRP3 inhibitor) pretreatment and Nlrp3 knockout (Nlrp3-/-) BMDMs. Meanwhile, the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the TCA nortriptyline-induced hepatotoxicity was demonstrated in Nlrp3-/- mice. RESULTS: We reported here that nortriptyline, a common TCA, induced idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity in a NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent manner in mildly inflammatory states. In parallel in vitro studies, nortriptyline triggered the inflammasome activation, which was completely blocked by Nlrp3 deficiency or MCC950 pretreatment. Furthermore, nortriptyline treatment led to mitochondrial damage and subsequent mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) production resulting in aberrant activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome; a selective mitochondrial ROS inhibitor pretreatment dramatically abrogated nortriptyline-triggered the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Notably, exposure to other TCAs also induced aberrant activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome by triggering upstream signaling events. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings revealed that the NLRP3 inflammasome may act as a crucial target for TCA agents and suggested that the core structures of TCAs may contribute to the aberrant activation of NLRP3 inflammasome induced by them, an important factor involved in the pathogenesis of TCA-induced liver injury. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Inflamassomos , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Antidepressivos Tricíclicos/efeitos adversos , Nortriptilina/efeitos adversos , Furanos , Sulfonamidas , Inflamação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
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