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1.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154528, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the fatal cancers and has not effective treatments. Alantolactone (ATL), a terpenoid extracted from traditional Chinese medicinal herb Inula helenium L., confers significant anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antitumor activity. However, the activity and mechanisms of ATL in ATC remain unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate the potential anti-ATC effects in vitro and in vivo and the mechanisms involved. METHODS: The anti-proliferative activity of Alantolactone (ATL) against ATC cells was analyzed through CCK-8 and colony formation assays. Flow cytometry assay was performed to assess the cell cycle, cell apoptosis, ROS, and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), whereas the cellular localization of cytochrome c and calreticulin were determined using cellular immunofluorescence assays. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzyme activity in the cell culture medium was measured using a commercial LDH kit, whereas ELISA was conducted to assess the secretory function of IL-1ß. Western blot assays were conducted to determine the expression or regulation of proteins associated with apoptosis and pyroptosis. Subcutaneous tumor model of nude mice was established to evaluate the anticancer activity of ATL in vivo. The expression of Ki67, cyclin B1, cleaved-PARP, cleaved-caspase 3, and IL-1ß in the animal tumor tissues was profiled using immunohistochemistry analyses. RESULTS: Our data showed that ATL significantly inhibited the proliferation and colony formation activity of ATC cells. ATL induced ATC cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, and downregulated the expression of cyclin B1 and CDC2. Furthermore, ATL induced concurrent apoptosis and pyroptosis in the ATC cells, and the cleavage of PARP and GSDME. It also significantly increased the release of LDH and IL-1ß. Mechanically, ATL-mediated increase in ROS suppressed the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, downregulated the mitochondrial membrane potential and increased the release of cytochrome c, leading to caspase 9 and caspase 3 cleavage. We also found that ATL induced the translocation of an immunogenic cell death marker (calreticulin) to the cell membrane. In addition, it inhibited the growth of the ATC subcutaneous xenograft model, and activated proteins associated with apoptosis and pyroptosis, with a high safety profile. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results firstly demonstrated that ATL exerted an anti-ATC activity by inducing concurrent apoptosis and GSDME-dependent pyroptosis through ROS-mediated mitochondria-dependent caspase activation. Meanwhile, these cell deaths exhibited obvious characteristics of immunogenic cell death, which may synergistically increase the potential of cancer immunotherapy in ATC. Further studies are needed to explore deeper mechanisms for the anti- ATC activity of ATL.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Piroptose , Caspases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Calreticulina/metabolismo , Calreticulina/farmacologia , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Anaplásico da Tireoide/metabolismo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Apoptose , Mitocôndrias , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
2.
Front Psychol ; 13: 905028, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457936

RESUMO

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common mental illness affecting women during lactation, and good social capital is considered a protective factor. This study aimed to investigate PPD symptoms, and explore the relationships between social capital and PPD symptoms of lactating women in southwest minority areas in China. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 413 lactating women in Guangxi, China. Data were collected using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Chinese version of the Social Capital Assessment Questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to explore the factors influencing PPD symptoms, and a structural equation model was used to examine how social participation and cognitive social capital mediated PPD symptoms. Results: The total prevalence of PPD symptoms (score > 12) was 16.46%, and that of mild depression symptoms (9-12 score) was 22.03%. Nine variables predicted PPD symptoms and explained 71.6% of the variance in the regression model: higher age, lack of medical security, fixed occupation, breastfeeding time, self-caregiver, maternity leave, social participation, social trust, and social reciprocity. Furthermore, cognitive social capital mediated the relationship between social participation and PPD symptoms, with a mediation effect rate was 44.00%. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight that social capital, support from family members, maternity leave, and medical insurance play protective roles in the PPD symptoms of lactating women. It is necessary to improve social capital as a key strategy for interventions for PPD symptoms, and active social participation activities are critical to reducing PPD symptoms among lactating women in minority areas.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458422

RESUMO

The bottom-up preparation of two-dimensional material micro-nano structures at scale facilitates the realisation of integrated applications in optoelectronic devices. Fibrous Phosphorus (FP), an allotrope of black phosphorus (BP), is one of the most promising candidate materials in the field of optoelectronics with its unique crystal structure and properties. However, to date, there are no bottom-up micro-nano structure preparation methods for crystalline phosphorus allotropes. Herein, we present the bottom-up preparation of fibrous phosphorus micropillar (FP-MP) arrays via a low-pressure gas-phase transport (LP-CVT) method that controls the directional phase transition from amorphous red phosphorus (ARP) to FP. In addition, self-powered photodetectors (PD) of FP-MP arrays with pyro-phototronic effects achieved detection beyond the bandgap limit. Our results provide a new approach for bottom-up preparation of other crystalline allotropes of phosphorus.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399033

RESUMO

The lithium (Li) ion and electron diffusion behaviors across the actual solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) play a critical role in regulating the Li nucleation and growth and improving the performance of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. To date, a number of researchers have pursued an SEI with high Li-ion conductivity while ignoring the Li dendrite growth caused by electron tunneling in the SEI. Herein, an artificial anti-electron tunneling layer with enriched lithium fluoride (LiF) and sodium fluoride (NaF) nanocrystals is constructed using a facile solution-soaking method. As evidenced theoretically and experimentally, the LiF/NaF artificial SEI exhibits an outstanding electron-blocking capability that can reduce electron tunneling, resulting in dendrite-free and dense Li deposition beneath the SEI, even with an ultrahigh areal capacity. In addition, the artificial anti-electron tunneling layer exhibits improved ionic conductivity and mechanical strength, compared to those of routine SEI. The symmetric cells with protected Li electrodes achieve a stable cycling of 1500 h. The LiF/NaF artificial SEI endows the Li-S full cells with long-term cyclability under conditions of high sulfur loading, lean electrolyte, and limited Li excess. This study provides a perspective on the design of the SEI for highly safe and practical Li-S batteries.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between shear-wave elastography (SWE) parameters and pathological profiles of invasive breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 197 invasive breast cancers undergoing preoperative SWE and primary surgical treatment were included. Maximum elastic modulus (Emax), mean elastic modulus (Emean), and elastic modulus standard deviation (Esd) were calculated by SWE. Pathological profile was gold standard according to postoperative pathology. The relationship between SWE parameters and pathological factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, large cancers showed significantly higher Emax, Emean and Esd (all P < 0.001). Emax and Esd in the group of histological grade III were higher than those in the group of grade I (both P < 0.05). Invasive lobular carcinomas (ILC) showed higher Emean than invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (P < 0.001). Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) group showed higher Emax values than negative group (P < 0.05). Emax, Emean and Esd of the Ki-67 positive group presented higher values than negative group (all P < 0.05). Androgen receptor (AR) positive lesions had lower Esd than AR negative lesions (P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, invasive size independently influenced Emax (P < 0.001). Invasive size and pathological type both independently influenced Emean (both P < 0.001). Invasive size and AR status were both independently influenced Esd (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SWE parameters correlated with pathological profiles of invasive breast cancer.In particular, AR positive group showed significantly low Esd than negative group.

6.
FASEB J ; 36(12): e22665, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398583

RESUMO

To explore the effect of curcumol on autophagy and ferroptosis of hepatic stellate cells, and to clarify the molecular mechanism of its anti-hepatic fibrosis. In the present study, we report that curcumol promotes the death of activated HSCs and reduces the deposition of extracellular matrix. Interestingly, curcumol treatment can trigger ferroptosis to eliminate activated HSCs characterized by iron overload, lipid ROS accumulation, glutathione depletion, and lipid peroxidation. Curcumol promotes HSC autophagy, which may be the key mechanism for its induction of ferroptosis. It is worth noting that the upregulation of nuclear receptor coactivator 4 (NCOA4) may play a key molecular mechanism. NCOA4 mediates the release of iron ions and induces the occurrence of ferroptosis. Overall, curcumol promotes autophagy in hepatic stellate cells, mediates the degradation of NCOA4 and FTH1 complexes, releases iron ions, leads to iron overload, and induces ferroptosis, which may be an important mechanism for its anti-hepatic fibrosis effect.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Sobrecarga de Ferro , Humanos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Autofagia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo
8.
RSC Adv ; 12(44): 28525-28532, 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320537

RESUMO

Transition metal borides (MBenes) have recently drawn great attention due to their excellent electrochemical performance as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Using the structural search code and first-principles calculations, we identify a group of the MB3 monolayers (M = V, Nb and Ta) consisting of multiple MB4 units interpenetrating with each other. The MB3 monolayers with non-chemically active surfaces are stable and have metal-like conduction. As the anode materials for Li-ion storage, the low diffusion barrier, high theoretical capacity, and suitable average open circuit voltage indicate that the MB3 monolayers have excellent electrochemical performance, due to the B3 chain exposed on the surface improving the Li atoms' direct adsorption. In addition, the adsorbed Li-ions are in an ordered hierarchical arrangement and the substrate structure remains intact at room temperature, which ensures excellent cycling performance. This work provides a novel idea for designing high-performance anode materials for LIBs.

9.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360297

RESUMO

Pleurotomarioidea represents a truly isolated and basally diverging lineage in Vetigastropoda (Mollusca: Gastropoda) whose fossil record can date back to the late Cambrian, thus providing rare insights into the evolutionary history of molluscs. Here, we sequenced and assembled the complete mitochondrial genome of one representative species from Pleurotomarioidea-Entemnotrochus rumphii (Schepman, 1879)-of which the mitogenome is 15,795 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and 22 transfer RNA genes. The nucleotide composition was biased toward AT, and A + T content reached 65.2%. E. rumphii was recovered as sister to all other living vetigastropods according to mitogenome-based phylogenetic analysis. The mitochondrial gene order was consistent with major vetigastropods and the hypothetical ancestral gastropoda, suggesting the deep conservation of mitogenome arrangement in Vetigastropoda.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Genoma Mitocondrial , Animais , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Gastrópodes/genética , Fósseis , Filogenia , Moluscos/genética
10.
Phytother Res ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433866

RESUMO

In recent years, metabolic reprogramming in liver fibrosis has become a research hotspot in the field of liver fibrosis at home and abroad. Liver fibrosis is a pathological change caused by chronic liver injury from a variety of causes. Liver fibrosis is a common pathological feature of many chronic liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis B, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and autoimmune hepatitis, as well as the pathogenesis of the disease. The development of chronic liver disease into cirrhosis must go through the pathological process of liver fibrosis, in which hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play an important role. Following liver injury, HSC are activated and transdifferentiated into scar-forming myofibroblasts, which drive the trauma healing response and which rely on the deposition of collagen-rich extracellular matrix to maintain tissue integrity. This reaction will continue without strict control, which will lead to excessive accumulation of matrix and liver fibrosis. The mechanisms and clinical studies of liver fibrosis have been the focus of research in liver diseases. In recent years, several studies have revealed the mechanism of HSC metabolic reprogramming and the impact of this process on liver fibrosis, in which glucose metabolic reprogramming plays an important role in the activation of HSC, and it mainly meets the energy demand of HSC activation by upregulating glycolysis. Glycolysis is the process by which one molecule of glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate and produces energy and lactate under anaerobic conditions. Various factors have been found to be involved in regulating the glycolytic process of HSC, including glucose transport, intracellular processing of glucose, exosome secretion, and lactate production, etc. Inhibition of the glycolytic process of HSC can be an effective strategy against liver fibrosis. Currently, the combined action of multiple targets and links of Chinese medicine such as turmeric, comfrey, rhubarb and scutellaria baicalensis against the mechanism of liver fibrosis can effectively improve or even reverse liver fibrosis. This paper summarizes that turmeric extract curcumin, comfrey extract comfreyin, rhubarb, Subtle yang yu yin granules, Scutellaria baicalensis extract oroxylin A and cardamom extract cardamomin affect liver fibrosis by regulating gluconeogenic reprogramming. Therefore, studying the mechanism of action of TCM in regulating liver fibrosis through reprogramming of glucose metabolism is promising to explore new methods and approaches for Chinese Medicine modernization research.

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 158: 110609, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shear wave elastography (SWE) can improve the specificity of B-mode ultrasound (US) without reducing the sensitivity for breast cancer diagnosis. Existing research on SWE includes both mass lesions and non­mass­like (NML) lesions or only NML lesions; however, there are no studies comparing the diagnostic potential of SWE in the detection of mass and NML lesions in the same trial. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of SWE in detecting mass lesions and NML lesions and determine the different individualised thresholds of the SWE parameters according to the lesion type. METHODS: This Study included 623 breast lesions of 562 consecutive women, who were scheduled for conventional US and SWE between January 2021 and December 2021. The diagnostic performances of conventional US and each quantitative SWE parameter (maximum elastic modulus [Emax], mean elastic modulus [Emean], and elastic modulus standard deviation [Esd]) were assessed. Histological diagnosis for all Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System (BI-RADS) category 4/5 patients and some BI-RADS category 3 patients and the follow-up results of other BI-RADS category 3 patients were used as the reference standard. RESULTS: In this study, 281 benign lesions and 342 malignant lesions were identified. The diagnostic performance of conventional US and SWE was better in the mass lesion group than in the NML lesion group. Every SWE parameter had a different threshold in each group, and the thresholds of the SWE parameters were higher in the mass lesion group than in the NML lesion group. In the mass lesion group, Esd had the highest Az value, whereas in the NML lesion group, Emax had the highest Az value. In both the mass and NML lesion groups, the diagnostic specificity of the combination of conventional US and SWE was significantly higher than that of conventional US alone (P < 0.05), without a significantly decrease in the diagnosticsensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: SWE could increase the confidence of breast ultrasound diagnosis, especially for NML lesions. NML lesions had lower thresholds of SWE parameters than did the mass lesions.

12.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36284038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify the ambiguity of the function of CMTM3 in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore its molecular mechanism. METHODS: The Cmtm3-KO C57BL/6 mouse strain was established using CRISPR-Cas9. Acute liver damage and HCC models were induced by peritoneal injection of 100 or 25 mg/kg.BW N-Nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) to male mice. Liver function and histology were evaluated by blood serum levels of AST and ALT, and HE staining. Gene and protein expression in liver tissues was investigated by RNA-seq, RT-qPCR, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. Protein-protein interactions were studied by STRING and topological measures. The mRNA expression of CMTM3 and PPARs and patient survival were analyzed using the UALCAN database. RESULTS: Global knockout of Cmtm3 in KO mice was successfully confirmed. Cmtm3 knockout alleviated DEN-induced acute damage to liver histological integrity and liver function, reduced DNA damage and apoptosis, and also caused a significantly reduced number (WT: 8.7 ± 5.5 vs. KO: 2.7 ± 3.1, P = 0.0394) and total size of tumors (WT: 130.9 ± 181.8 mm2 vs. KO: 9.3 ± 11.5 mm2, P = 0.026) in the liver. Mechanistically, Cmtm3 knockout resulted in reduced expression and inactivation of Pparγ and its downstream lipid metabolism genes (e.g. Adipoq) upon DEN intoxication. CMTM3 and PPARγ were both overexpressed in HCC, and higher levels of both genes were associated with worse overall survival of HCC patients. CONCLUSION: This study clarified the pro-tumorigenesis role of CMTM3 in HCC in vivo, possibly through the upregulation of PPARγ and activation of the PPAR pathway.

13.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-15, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300856

RESUMO

Obesity is characterized by excessive body fat accumulation and is a high-risk factor for metabolic comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. In lean individuals, adipose tissue (AT) is not only an important regulatory organ for energy storage and metabolism, but also an indispensable immune and endocrine organ. The sustained energy imbalance induces adipocyte hypotrophy and hyperplasia as well as AT remodeling, accompanied by chronic low-grade inflammation and adipocytes dysfunction in AT, ultimately leading to systemic insulin resistance and ectopic lipid deposition. Luteolin is a natural flavonoid widely distributed in fruits and vegetables and possesses multifold biological activities, such as antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory activities. Diet supplementation of this flavonoid has been reported to inhibit AT lipogenesis and inflammation as well as the ectopic lipid deposition, increase AT thermogenesis and systemic energy expenditure, and finally improve obesity and associated metabolic diseases. The purpose of this review is to reveal the nutritional activities of luteolin in obesity and its complications with emphasis on its action on AT energy metabolism, immunoregulation, and endocrine intervention.

14.
Nanomedicine ; 47: 102617, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280043

RESUMO

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a prominent biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis. Safe contrast agents able to render the expression and distribution of PSMA would facilitate early accurate screening and prognostic prediction of PCa. However, current Gd-containing nanoparticles are often limited by nonspecific redistribution in mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) and inadequate perfusion to target sites. Besides, intrinsic defects of magnetic resonance (MR) equipment also hamper their use for precisely depicting PSMA details. Herein, we devised a novel noninvasive MR/CT/NIRF multimodal contrast agent (AGGP) coordinated to a high-affinity PSMA ligand (PSMA1) to specifically detect and quantify PSMA expression in PCa lesions, which exhibited formidable tripe-modal signal augments, preferential PSMA targeting, effective MPS escaping and profitable renal-clearable behavior in living mice. Biocompatibility and histopathological studies substantiated high security of AGGP in vivo, opening the door to future opportunities for improving early-stage PCa detection and clinical implementation of more effective multifunctional nanotherapeutics.

15.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 414(29-30): 8223-8232, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36301330

RESUMO

Hemin with functions such as oxygen carrying, oxygen storing, promoting redox, and performing electron transfer is important for the health of organisms. In this paper, green synthetic silicon nanoparticles (Si-NPs) were synthesized and used for free hemin detection in serum (a low limit of detection (LOD), 29.5 nM). The quenching mechanism was investigated by UV-vis absorption spectra, time-resolved luminescence decay curve, and circular dichroism (CD) spectra. It was confirmed that multiple redox centers of hemin led to intensified effective collision and increased the electron transfer rate, therefore enhancing the dynamic quenching, and it was undeniable that the inner filter effect (IFE) also played a role in the quenching.


Assuntos
Hemina , Nanopartículas , Silício , Limite de Detecção , Oxigênio
16.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6104, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243719

RESUMO

A photonic transistor that can switch or amplify an optical signal with a single gate photon requires strong non-linear interaction at the single-photon level. Circuit quantum electrodynamics provides great flexibility to generate such an interaction, and thus could serve as an effective platform to realize a high-performance single-photon transistor. Here we demonstrate such a photonic transistor in the microwave regime. Our device consists of two microwave cavities dispersively coupled to a superconducting qubit. A single gate photon imprints a phase shift on the qubit state through one cavity, and further shifts the resonance frequency of the other cavity. In this way, we realize a gain of the transistor up to 53.4 dB, with an extinction ratio better than 20 dB. Our device outperforms previous devices in the optical regime by several orders in terms of optical gain, which indicates a great potential for application in the field of microwave quantum photonics and quantum information processing.

17.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1020020, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185433

RESUMO

Therapeutic bacteria have shown great potential on anti-tumor therapy. Compared with traditional therapeutic strategy, living bacteria present unique advantages. Bacteria show high targeting and great colonization ability in tumor microenvironment with hypoxic and nutritious conditions. Bacterial-medicated antitumor therapy has been successfully applied on mouse models, but the low therapeutic effect and biosafe limit its application on clinical treatment. With the development of material science, coating living bacteria with suitable materials has received widespread attention to achieve synergetic therapy on tumor. In this review, we summarize various materials for coating living bacteria in cancer therapy and envision the opportunities and challenges of bacteria-medicated antitumor therapy.

19.
Mol Plant ; 15(10): 1615-1631, 2022 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36131543

RESUMO

Plant receptors constitute a large protein family that regulates various aspects of development and responses to external cues. Functional characterization of this protein family and the identification of their ligands remain major challenges in plant biology. Previously, we identified plasma membrane-intrinsic sucrose-induced receptor kinase 1 (SIRK1) and Qian Shou kinase 1 (QSK1) as receptor/co-receptor pair involved in the regulation of aquaporins in response to osmotic conditions induced by sucrose. In this study, we identified a member of the elicitor peptide (PEP) family, namely PEP7, as the specific ligand of th receptor kinase SIRK1. PEP7 binds to the extracellular domain of SIRK1 with a binding constant of 1.44 ± 0.79 µM and is secreted to the apoplasm specifically in response to sucrose treatment. Stabilization of a signaling complex involving SIRK1, QSK1, and aquaporins as substrates is mediated by alterations in the external sucrose concentration or by PEP7 application. Moreover, the presence of PEP7 induces the phosphorylation of aquaporins in vivo and enhances water influx into protoplasts. Disturbed water influx, in turn, led to delayed lateral root development in the pep7 mutant. The loss-of-function mutant of SIRK1 is not responsive to external PEP7 treatment regarding kinase activity, aquaporin phosphorylation, water influx activity, and lateral root development. Taken together, our data indicate that the PEP7/SIRK1/QSK1 complex represents a crucial perception and response module that mediates sucrose-controlled water flux in plants and lateral root development.


Assuntos
Aquaporinas , Sacarose , Aquaporinas/genética , Aquaporinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ligantes , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Sacarose/metabolismo , Sacarose/farmacologia , Água/metabolismo
20.
J Biotechnol ; 359: 29-34, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150604

RESUMO

Isopropanol has a good potential as a new fuel substitution. In the model biosynthesis pathway of isopropanol synthesis, acetoacetyl-CoA is converted to acetoacetate by acetoacetyl-CoA transferases, which requires an acetate molecule as a substrate. Herein, a novel isopropanol synthesis pathway based on mammalian ketone metabolic pathway was developed. In this pathway, acetoacetyl-CoA is condensed with acetyl-CoA to generate 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) by HMG-CoA synthase, and then catalyzed by HMG-CoA lyase to generate acetoacetate. This process is acetate-independent. Under the same experimental system using glycerol as carbon source, the E. coli strain MG::ISOP1 containing the novel pathway produced 11.7 times more isopropanol than the strain MG::ISOP0 containing the model pathway. The pta-ackA knockout mutant strain MG∆pta-ackA::ISOP1, which reduced the conversion of acetyl-CoA to acetate, further increased the production from 76 mg/L to 360 mg/L. In another strategy, knocking out atoDA to block the acetoacetate degradation pathway in strain MG∆atoDA::ISOP1 increased the production to 680 mg/L. By knocking out both of pta-ackA and atoDA, strain MGΔpta-ackAΔatoDA::ISOP1 produced 964 mg/L of isopropanol, which was 12.7 times that of MG::ISOP1. This study indicated that the novel pathway is competent for isopropanol synthesis, and provides a new perspective for biosynthesis of isopropanol.


Assuntos
2-Propanol , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , 2-Propanol/metabolismo , Acetoacetatos/metabolismo , Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Coenzima A-Transferases/metabolismo , Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Sintase/genética , Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Sintase/metabolismo , Glicerol/metabolismo , Acetatos/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo
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