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1.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 52: 102483, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610949

RESUMO

mRNA markers provide a very promising method for the identification of human body fluids or tissues in the context of forensic investigations. Previous studies have shown that different body fluids can be distinguished from each other according to their specific mRNA biomarkers. In this study, we evaluated eight semen-specific mRNA markers (KLK3, NKX3-1, CKB, KLK2, PRAC1, SEMG1, TGM4, and SORD) that encompass 12 coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) to identify the semen contributor in a mixed stain. Five highly specific and sensitive mRNA markers for blood, menstrual blood, saliva, vaginal secretions, and skin were also incorporated into the PCR system as body fluid-positive controls. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), multiplex PCR and SNaPshot mini-sequencing assays were established for the identification of semen-specific mRNA. The amplicon size ranged from 133 to 337 bp. The semen-specific system was examined against blood, menstrual blood, saliva, vaginal secretions, and skin swabs. The eight mRNA biomarkers were semen-specific and could be successfully typed in laboratory-generated mixtures composed of different body fluids supplemented with 1 ng of semen cDNA. This system possessed a high sensitivity that ranged from 1:10-1:100 for detecting trace amounts of semen in semen-containing body fluid mixtures. Additionally, our results demonstrated that the cSNPs polymorphisms included in the mRNA markers were concordant with genomic DNA (gDNA). Despite the presence of other body fluids, the system exhibited high sensitivity and specificity to the semen in the mixture. In future studies, we will add other cSNPs from the semen-specific genes using massively parallel sequencing to further improve our system.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycotoxins are among the most severe food contaminants. Deoxynivalenol and aflatoxin contamination are predominant in wheat and rice, respectively. Nowadays, there are no standardized and approved grain-sampling schemes worldwide. This study aimed to develop a scientific grain-sampling scheme to investigate the regularity of mycotoxin distributed in wheat and rice fields. The data were analyzed with analysis of variance and cluster analysis to select a better sampling scheme. RESULTS: Considering the influences of the weather before harvest (temperature, humidity, wind direction, and other conditions), we sampled grains from different places in different farmlands and detected the mycotoxin content of the sampled grains. The mycotoxin content had extremely significant differences in the area of rice fields (P<0.01) and significant differences in the area of wheat fields (P<0.05). The filtering effect existed peripheral the field areas, especially peripheral the humid areas, where the fungi were filtered and the toxin were easily produced. Furthermore, the upwind direction peripheral the field areas cause more filterature effect than other wind direction. Although 97% of mycotoxins in wheat can be removed through the shelling process, the toxin content were not obviously affected by rice lodging in the field. According to the cluster analysis, the peripheral and middle areas were divided into the same group with higher mycotoxin content. CONCLUSION: This paper developed a sampling scheme to detect the mycotoxin content of wheat and rice in the field, considering the temperature and humidity of the weather, locations, and other grain contamination conditions before harvest. Meanwhile, the sampling rule of lodging and wind direction in the field was also assayed. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
J Mycol Med ; 31(1): 101105, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422739

RESUMO

Chromoblastomycosis is a subcutaneous, chronic, granulomatous mycosis that occurs more frequently in tropical and subtropical countries. Herein, we describe a case of a 90-year-old female patient with diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis by Exophiala jeanselmei with a 22-year evolution who developed a squamous cell carcinoma. In the meantime, She underwent two misdiagnoses and an unnecessary operation. This case is also the fifth case of E. jeanselmei caused CBM in history.

4.
Gene ; 773: 145383, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383118

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is a key process to expand the diversity of mRNA and protein from the genome and it is crucial for fate determination of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) by encoding isoforms with different functions to regulate the balance between pluripotency maintenance and differentiation. Since the role of the Hippo pathway in ESCs is controversial, there may be novel isoforms of Taz, a key effector of the Hippo pathway, previously unknown to us. Here, we identified three variants of Taz in mESCs. Apart from the canonical Taz1185, there were also two novel variants, Taz402 and Taz1086. We found their structure and subcellular localization to be different, while they could all interact with TEAD2 with similar binding affinities and activate transcription. Under the LIFlow condition, overexpression of them all induced apoptosis and differentiation of mESCs, among which the phenotype of Taz1086 was the most dramatic. Taken together, we discovered novel variants of Taz and compared their structure and functional differences in mESC pluripotency maintenance. These findings will help us to understand the Taz gene and clarify its role in mESC.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21069, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273635

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the expression levels of genome-wide association studies (GWAS)-identified variants near Gasdermin-C (GSDMC) and its association with lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in a Chinese population. In accordance with previously reported findings, our study involved the top 4 variants; rs6651255, rs7833174, rs4130415, and rs7816342. A total of 800 participants, 400 LDD patients and 400 controls were involved in the study. The LDD patients were divided into two mutually exclusive subgroups: subgroup 1: lumbar disc herniation; subgroup 2: lumbar spinal stenosis. Genotyping were performed using TaqMan assay, and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) used to measure the plasma GSDMC levels, while quantitative reverse-transcription (qRT)-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to evaluate the GSDMC expression levels. Among the studied variants, there were no statistically significant differences in allelic and genotypic frequencies between LDD patients and their controls (all P > 0.05). However, the subgroup analysis revealed a significant association between rs6651255 and rs7833174 in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (subgroup 2). Furthermore, the max-statistic test revealed that the inheritance models of two variants of lumbar spinal stenosis were represented by the recessive model. The plasma and mRNA expression levels of GSDMC were significantly higher in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the CC genotypes of rs6651255 and rs7833174 were significantly associated with increased plasma expression levels of GSDMC in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (P < 0.01). Two GWAS-identified variants (rs6651255 and rs7833174) near GSDMC were associated with a predisposition to lumbar spinal stenosis. GSDMC protein and mRNA expression levels may have prognostic qualities as biomarkers for the existence, occurrence or development of lumbar spinal stenosis.

6.
ACS Cent Sci ; 6(11): 1955-1963, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274272

RESUMO

Rechargeable Na-O2 batteries have been regarded as promising energy storage devices because of their high energy density, ultralow overpotential, and abundant resources. Unfortunately, conventional Na-O2 batteries with a liquid electrolyte often suffer from severe dendrite growth, electrolyte leakage, and potential H2O contamination toward the Na metal anode. Here, we report a quasi-solid-state polymer electrolyte (QPE) composed of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)-4% SiO2-NaClO4-tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether for rechargeable Na-O2 batteries with high performance. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the fluorocarbon chains of QPE are beneficial for Na+ transfer, resulting in a high ionic conductivity of 1.0 mS cm-1. Finite element method simulations show that the unique nanopore structure and high dielectric constant of QPE can induce a uniform distribution of the electric field during charge/discharge processes, thus achieving a homogeneous deposition of Na without dendrites. Moreover, the nonthrough nanopore structure and hydrophobic behavior resulting from fluorocarbon chains of QPE could effectively protect Na anode from H2O erosion. Therefore, the fabricated quasi-solid-state Na-O2 batteries exhibit an average Coulombic efficiency of up to 97% and negligible voltage decay during 80 cycles at a discharge capacity of 1000 mAh g-1. As a proof of concept, flexible pouch-type Na-O2 batteries were assembled, displaying stable electrochemical performance for ∼400 h after being bent from 0 to 360°. This work demonstrates the application of the quasi-solid-state electrolyte for high-performance flexible Na-O2 batteries.

7.
Neurosci Lett ; : 135540, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278505

RESUMO

Dopamine (DA), a critical neurotransmitter of both the central and peripheral nerve system, plays important roles in a series of biological processes. Dysfunction of dopaminergic signalling may lead to a series of developmental disorders, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism and schizophrenia. However, the exact roles of dopaminergic signalling in these diseases are far from fully understood. We analyse the roles of dopaminergic signalling in multiple physiological and pathological processes, focusing on brain development and related disorders. By summarizing current research in this area, we provide guidance for future studies. This review seeks to deepen our understanding of dopaminergic signalling in developmental disorders, which may offer clues for developing more effective therapeutic drugs.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9237381, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299887

RESUMO

Purpose: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common T-cell lymphoma, with indolent biologic behavior in the early stage and features of invasive in the tumor stage. The diagnosis of MF is still ambiguous and difficult. We focused on the proteomic profiling change in the pathogenesis of early MF and identified candidate biomarkers for early diagnosis. Methods: We collected peripheral blood samples of MF patients and healthy individuals (HI) performed proteomic profiling analysis using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) platform. Differently expressed proteins (DEPs) were filtered, and involved biological functions were analyzed through Gene Ontology (GO) and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software. Results: We identified 78 DEPs including fifty proteins were upregulated and 28 proteins were downregulated in the MF group with HI as a control. Total DEPs were analyzed according to the biological regulation and metabolic process through GO analysis. The pathways of LXR/RXR activation and FXR/RXR activation were significantly activated, in which APOH, CLU, and ITIH4 were involved. The top annotated disease and function network was (Cancer, Organismal Injury and Abnormalities, Reproductive System Disease), with a key node CLU. These DEPs were involved in cancer, including thyroid carcinoma, head and neck carcinoma, and cancer of secretory structure, in which CLU, GNAS, and PKM played an indirect role in the occurrence and development of cancer. Relevant causal network was IL12 (family), which is related to GNAS, PKM, and other DEPs. Conclusion: Proteomic profiling of early-stage MF provided candidate protein biomarkers such as CLU, GNAS, and PKM, which benefit the early diagnosis and understanding of the mechanism of MF development. Besides, lipid metabolism may be one of the pathogenesis of MF, and IL12 was a potential marker for the diagnosis and treatment of early MF.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300531

RESUMO

Chemical doping engineering is an effective strategy to modify the hole transport layer (HTL) and achieve high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, we synthesize an infrequent trilacunary Keggin type polyoxometalate Na10[Zn2(H2O)6(WO2)2(BiW9O33)2] (BiW9-Zn) and apply it as an additive to enhance the hole mobility and electrical conductivity of Spiro-OMeTAD based HTLs. Thanks to the strong electron-accepting properties of polyoxometalate molecules, the as-synthesized BiW9-Zn can directly oxidize Spiro-OMeTAD under an inert atmosphere and avoid the tedious long-term oxidation process. Therefore, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of optimal PSCs with BiW9-Zn doping is enhanced from 17.58% (without doping) to 19.56% with a significantly improved fill factor and open-circuit voltage. In addition, the assembly repeatability and long-term stability of PSCs are also improved. This work demonstrates the potential of using polyoxometalates (POMs) as low-cost, efficient and highly flexible chemical dopants for HTLs, and more importantly paves a new route to enhance the performance of PSCs.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332079

RESUMO

The diversification of data types and the explosive increase of data size in the information era continuously required to miniaturize the memory devices with high data storage capability. Atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are promising candidates for flexible and transparent electronic and optoelectronic devices with high integration density. Multistate memory devices based on TMDs could possess high data storage capability with a large integration density and thus exhibit great potential applications in the field of data storage. Here, we report the multistate data storage based on multilayer tungsten diselenide (WSe2) transistors by interface engineering. The multiple resistance states of the WSe2 transistors are achieved by applying different gate voltage pulses, and the switching ratio of the memory can be as large as 105 with high cycling endurance. The water and oxygen molecules (H2O/O2) trapped at the interface between the SiO2 substrate and WSe2 introduce the trap states and thus the large hysteresis of the transfer curves, which leads to the multistate data storage. In addition, the laminated Au thin film electrodes make the contact interface between the electrodes and WSe2 free of dangling bond and Fermi level pinning, thus giving rise to the excellent performance of memory devices. Importantly, the interface trap states can be easily controlled by a simple oxygen plasma treatment of the SiO2 substrate, and subsequently, the performance of the multistate memory devices can be manipulated. Our findings provide a simple and efficient strategy to engineer the interface states for the multistate data storage applications and would motivate more investigations on the trap state-associated applications.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 18(12)2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352941

RESUMO

Fungi are a prospective resource of bioactive compounds, but conventional methods of drug discovery are not effective enough to fully explore their metabolic potential. This study aimed to develop an easily attainable method to elicit the metabolic potential of fungi using Aspergillus nidulans laeA as a transcription regulation tool. In this study, functional analysis of Aspergillus nidulans laeA (AnLaeA) and Aspergillus sp. Z5 laeA (Az5LaeA) was done in the fungus Aspergillus sp. Z5. Heterologous AnLaeA-and native Az5LaeA-overexpression exhibited similar phenotypic effects and caused an increase in production of a bioactive compound diorcinol in Aspergillus sp. Z5, which proved the conserved function of this global regulator. In particular, heteroexpression of AnLaeA showed a significant impact on the expression of velvet complex genes, diorcinol synthesis-related genes, and different transcription factors (TFs). Moreover, heteroexpression of AnLaeA influenced the whole genome gene expression of Aspergillus sp. Z5 and triggered the upregulation of many genes. Overall, these findings suggest that heteroexpression of AnLaeA in fungi serves as a simple and easy method to explore their metabolic potential. In relation to this, AnLaeA was overexpressed in the fungus Penicillium sp. LC1-4, which resulted in increased production of quinolactacin A.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(11): 1009, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230171

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a calcium-permeable cation channel that has been associated with several types of cancer. However, its biological significance, as well as its related mechanism in endometrial cancer (EC) still remains elusive. In this study, we examined the function of calcium in EC, with a specific focus on TRPV4 and its downstream pathway. We reported here on the findings that a high level of serum ionized calcium was significantly correlated with advanced EC progression, and among all the calcium channels, TRPV4 played an essential role, with high levels of TRPV4 expression associated with cancer progression both in vitro and in vivo. Proteomic and bioinformatics analysis revealed that TRPV4 was involved in cytoskeleton regulation and Rho protein pathway, which regulated EC cell migration. Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that TRPV4 and calcium influx acted on the cytoskeleton via the RhoA/ROCK1 pathway, ending with LIMK/cofilin activation, which had an impact on F-actin and paxillin (PXN) levels. Overall, our findings indicated that ionized serum calcium level was significantly associated with poor outcomes and calcium channel TRPV4 should be targeted to improve therapeutic and preventive strategies in EC.

13.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184740

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to assess the contamination levels of arsenic (As), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), and cadmium (Cd) in raw milk and the subsequent potential health risk to local consumers close to leather-processing plants in China. The As and Pb concentrations in milk from contaminated areas were 0.43 ± 0.21 and 2.86 ± 0.96 µg/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than in milk from unpolluted farm, with values of 0.20 ± 0.05 and 2.32 ± 0.78 µg/L, respectively. The Cr and Cd levels in milk from contaminated areas were 1.21 ± 1.57 and 0.15 ± 0.04 µg/L, respectively, which were slightly higher than in milk from unpolluted farm, with values of 0.87 ± 0.61 and 0.13 ± 0.04 µg/L, respectively, (P > 0.05). Target hazard quotient (THQ) and hazard index (HI) values for As, Pb, Cr, and Cd from milk consumption were calculated for individuals aged 3 to 69. The THQ followed a descending order of As > Pb > Cr > Cd, with values of 0.0066-0.0441, 0.0033-0.0220, 0.0019-0.0124, and 0.0007-0.0046, respectively. The HI values (0.0124-0.0832) were far below the threshold of 1.

15.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(17): 1064, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145283

RESUMO

Background: Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure. However, limited pharmacological therapies are available for reversing the maladaptive process and restoring cardiac function. Citri reticulatae Pericarpium (CRP) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions for clinical treatment. Previous studies have shown that CRP and its ingredients have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. However, whether CRP has a protective effect against pathological cardiac hypertrophy remains unknown. Methods: Primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were treated with angiotensin II (Ang II) to induce pathological hypertrophy in vitro. Immunofluorescent staining and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to determine the cell size and the expression of hypertrophic gene markers (Anp and Bnp), respectively. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to the investigation of cardiac hypertrophy induced by Ang II (2.5 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks). CRP (0.5 g/kg/d for 4 weeks) was administrated to treat mice with or without peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma (PPARγ) inhibitor T0070907 (1 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks treatment) infused with Ang II. Cardiac hypertrophy (hematoxylin-eosin staining and qRT-PCR), fibrosis (Masson's Trichrome staining, qRT-PCR, and western blot), and cardiac function (echocardiography) were examined in these mice. Western blot was used to determine the protein level of PPARγ and PGC-1α both in NRCMs and in mice. Results: We found that CRP could prevent Ang II-induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy evidenced by improving cardiac function, decreasing hypertrophic growth and reducing cardiac fibrosis. Also, we demonstrated that PPARγ was upregulated by CRP both in NRCMs and in hearts. Moreover, PPARγ inhibitor could abolish the inhibitory effects of CRP on Ang II-induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Conclusions: CRP attenuates Ang II-induced pathological cardiac hypertrophy by activating PPARγ.

16.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241317, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232332

RESUMO

Plant grafting is a sequential wound healing process. However, whether wounding induces a different jasmonic acid (JA) response within half a day (12 h) after grafting or non-grafting remains unclear. Using the tomato hypocotyl grafting method, we show that grafting alleviates the asymmetrical accumulation of JA and jasmonic acid isoleucine conjugate (JA-Ile) in scion and rootstock caused by wounding, and from 2 h after tomato micrografting, grafting obviously restored the level of JA-Ile in the scion and rootstock. Meanwhile, five JA-related genes, SlLOX11, SlAOS, SlCOI1, SlLAPA and SlJA2L, are detected and show significant changes in transcriptional expression patterns within 12 h of grafting, from asymmetrical to symmetrical, when the expression of 30 JA- and defense-related genes were analyzed. The results indicated that grafting alleviates the asymmetrical JA and defense response between scion and rootstock of the tomato hypocotyl within 12 h as induced by wounding. Moreover, we demonstrate that in the very early hours after grafting, JA-related genes may be involved in a molecular mechanism that changes asymmetrical expression as induced by wounding between scion and rootstock, thereby promoting wound healing and grafting success.

17.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233592

RESUMO

In this study we revealed the diversity of active ureolytic bacteria in the rumen by compared ureC amplicons between gDNA and cDNA. Rumen fluid was collected from four Holstein dairy cows with rumen fistulas at 0, 2, and 6 h after morning feeding. Total microbial gDNA and RNA were isolated, and the RNA was reverse-transcribed into cDNA. The ureC gene amplicons of gDNA and cDNA were produced and sequenced by MiSeq. These results revealed that the sampling time had no significant difference on the alphssa and beta diversity indices of the ureolytic bacteria. The Shannon diversity of the ureC gene for cDNA was greater than that for gDNA (p < 0.05). There were significant difference in the beta diversity of ureolytic bacteria between gDNA and cDNA (p < 0.01), which indicates a shift in the community of active ureolytic bacteria. Approximately 67% of ureC sequences from cDNA could not be confidently classified at the genus level. The active ureolytic bacteria were mainly from Helicobacter, Herbaspirillum, Clostridium, Paenibacillus, Synechococcus, and Sphingobacterium sp. Changes in the operational taxonomic units revealed that the top abundant ureC genes were mostly consistent between gDNA and cDNA, and most differences occurred in the ureC genes with lower abundances. These results revealed distinct ureolytic bacteria community profiles based on gDNA and cDNA. The dominant ureolytic bacteria had high transcriptional activity, and the differential were mainly distributed in the genus of low abundance.

18.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the use of a myelin-sensitive MRI contrast, the standardized T1-weighted/T2-weighted (sT1w/T2w) ratio, for detecting early changes in the middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) in cerebellar subtype multiple system atrophy (MSA-C) patients. METHODS: We included 28 MSA-C patients, including a subset of 17 MSA-C patients within 2 years of disease onset (early MSA-C), and 28 matched healthy controls. T1w and T2w scans were acquired using a 3-T MR system. The sT1w/T2w ratio in MCP was analyzed using SPM12 by utilizing a region-of-interest approach in normalized space. The diagnostic performance of the MCP sT1w/T2w ratio in discriminating MSA-C and the subgroup of early MSA-C from the matched controls was assessed. Correlation analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between the MCP sT1w/T2w ratio and other clinical parameters including the International Cooperative Ataxia Scale (ICARS) score for quantifying cerebellar ataxia. RESULTS: Compared to controls, the sT1w/T2w ratio in the MCP was markedly lower in all (p < 0.001) MSA-C patients and 17 early (p < 0.001) MSA-C patients. The MCP sT1w/T2w ratio had high sensitivity (96%) and specificity (100%) to distinguish MSA-C from controls (area under the curve = 0.99), even for the early MSA-C group (area under the curve = 0.99; sensitivity = 94%, specificity = 100%). The MCP sT1w/T2w ratio correlated with the ICARS score in early MSA-C. CONCLUSIONS: The sT1w/T2w ratio can detect MSA-C-related changes in the MCP, even in the early stages of the disorder, and could be a sensitive biomarker for MSA-C. KEY POINTS: • The sT1w/T2w ratio can detect MSA-C-related changes in the middle cerebellar peduncle, even in the early stages of the disorder. • The middle cerebellar peduncle sT1w/T2w ratio correlated with a cerebellar ataxia score in early MSA-C patients.

19.
Foods ; 9(10)2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096786

RESUMO

: The effects of ultrasound (US), thermosonication (TS), ultrasound combined with nisin (USN), TS combined with nisin (TSN), and conventional thermal sterilization (CTS) treatments on the inactivation of microorganisms in grape juice were evaluated. TS, TSN, and CTS treatments provided the desirable bactericidal and enzyme inactivation, and nisin had a synergistic lethal effect on aerobic bacteria in grape juice while not having any obvious effect on the mold and yeast. Compared with CTS, the sensory characteristics of grape juice treated with TS and TSN are closer to that of fresh juice, its microbial safety is ensured, and the physicochemical properties are basically unchanged. More importantly, the total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of juice treated with TS and TSN were significantly increased, and the total anthocyanin and flavonoid contents were largely retained. Taken together, these findings suggest that TS and TSN has great potential application value and that it can ensure microbial safety and improve the quality of grape juice.

20.
Chemosphere ; : 128637, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of TI exposure on pregnant women are still unclear, especially regarding the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Objective: We explored the association between maternal urinary Tl burden and the risk of GDM. METHODS: A subsample of 1789 pregnant women were enrolled who provided spot urine samples before the diagnostic 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Urinary Tl concentration was measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and covariance analysis were carried out to estimate the association between Tl exposure and GDM risk. RESULTS: The median of urinary Tl concentration was 0.382 µg/L or 0.525 µg/g creatinine (CC-Tl). There were 437 (24.4%) participants who were diagnosed with GDM, and the urinary CC-Tl concentrations of pregnant women with GDM were higher than that of pregnant women without GDM [0.548 (0.402, 0.788) vs 0.518 (0.356, 0.724), p = 0.014]. After adjusting for the relevant covariates, an association between urinary Tl concentrations and GDM was found. In comparison to the pregnant women in the lowest quartile of urinary CC-Tl concentration, the pregnant women in the highest quartile had a higher risk of GDM [OR (95% CI) = 1.44 (1.03, 2.02), p-trend = 0.055]. If limited to the pregnant women without family history of diabetes, the results were still robust [OR (95% CI) = 1.59 (1.11, 2.30), p-trend = 0.012]. CONCLUSION: Urinary CC-Tl concentration was associated with GDM among Chinese pregnant women. Our findings provide evidence that moderately high Tl exposure may be a novel risk factor for pregnant women health.

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