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1.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 71: 103066, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833776

RESUMO

In forensic practice, mixture stains containing various body fluids are common, presenting challenges for interpretation, particularly in multi-contributor mixtures. Traditional STR profiles face difficulties in such scenarios. Over recent years, RNA has emerged as a promising biomarker for body fluid identification, and mRNA polymorphism has shown excellent performance in identifying body fluid donors in previous studies. In this study, a massively parallel sequencing assay was developed, encompassing 202 coding region SNPs (cSNPs) from 45 body fluid/tissue-specific genes to identify both body fluid/tissue origin and the respective donors, including blood, saliva, semen, vaginal secretion, menstrual blood, and skin. The specificity was evaluated by examining the single-source body fluids/tissue and revealed that the same body fluid exhibited similar expression profiles and the tissue origin could be identified. For laboratory-generated mixtures containing 2-6 different components and mock case mixtures, the donor of each component could be successfully identified, except for the skin donor. The discriminatory power for all body fluids ranged from 0.997176329 (menstrual blood) to 0.99999999827 (blood). The concordance of DNA typing and mRNA typing for the cSNPs in this system was also validated. This cSNP typing system exhibits excellent performance in mixture deconvolution.


Assuntos
Muco do Colo Uterino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , RNA Mensageiro , Saliva , Sêmen , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Feminino , Sêmen/química , Muco do Colo Uterino/química , Saliva/química , Masculino , Líquidos Corporais/química , Impressões Digitais de DNA , Pele/química , Menstruação , Genética Forense/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos , Análise de Sequência de RNA
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 5995-6014, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895150

RESUMO

Introduction: To improve the bioavailability of trans-resveratrol (trans-Res), it is commonly co-delivered with antioxidant bioactives using a complex synthetic intestinal targeted carrier, however, which makes practical application challenging. Methods: A nanogel (Ngel), as broad-spectrum autonomous ROS scavenger, was prepared using selenized thiolated sodium alginate (TSA-Se) and crosslinked with calcium lactate (CL) for loading trans-Res to obtain Ngel@Res, which maintained spherical morphology in the upper digestive tract but broke down in the lower digestive tract, resulting in trans-Res release. Results: Under protection of Ngel, trans-Res showed enhanced stability and broad-spectrum ROS scavenging activity. The synergistic mucoadhesion of Ngel prolonged the retention time of trans-Res in the intestine. Ngel and Ngel@Res increased the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans to 26.00 ± 2.17 and 26.00 ± 4.27 days by enhancing the activity of antioxidases, upregulating the expression of daf-16, sod-5 and skn-1, while downregulating the expression of daf-2 and age-1. Conclusion: This readily available, intestinal targeted selenized alginate-based nanogel effectively improves the bioactivity of trans-Res.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Caenorhabditis elegans , Nanogéis , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Resveratrol , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Resveratrol/química , Resveratrol/farmacocinética , Resveratrol/administração & dosagem , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Nanogéis/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacocinética , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polietilenoimina/química , Polietilenoimina/farmacologia , Polietilenoimina/farmacocinética , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/química , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacocinética , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética
3.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38904799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at investigating the pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of pegylated liposomal mitoxantrone (PLM) in patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma or small cell lung cancer (SCLC) by constructing population pharmacokinetic (popPK) models for both liposome-encapsulated mitoxantrone and free mitoxantrone. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma and 42 patients with SCLC were included. A popPK model was simultaneously developed utilizing a non-linear mixed effects model (NONMEM) to explore the PK profiles of liposome-encapsulated mitoxantrone and free mitoxantrone. Clearance (CL) and distribution volume (V) were calculated, and covariate analysis was employed to evaluate the influence of patient disease type, demographic information, and biochemical indicators of liver and kidney function on PK parameters. RESULTS: The concentration-time profiles for both liposome-encapsulated mitoxantrone and free mitoxantrone were described by a one-compartment model. The release (Rel) of liposome-encapsulated mitoxantrone to free mitoxantrone was determined to be 0.0191 L/h, and the V of liposome-encapsulated mitoxantrone was 2.32 L. The apparent CL of free mitoxantrone was estimated at 1.66 L/h. The apparent V of free mitoxantrone was 35.8 L in patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma and 22.2 L for patients with SCLC. In patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma, lower maximum concentration (Cmax) and higher apparent V of free mitoxantrone were observed compared with patients with SCLC. CONCLUSION: The popPK characteristics of both liposome-encapsulated and free mitoxantrone in patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma or SCLC were effectively described by a one-compartment model.

4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 49(6): 634-640, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38897808

RESUMO

The application of acupuncture and moxibustion in alleviating the adverse effects of chemotherapy drugs has been widely recognized at home and abroad, but the studies have been rarely summarized for the enhanced anti-tumor effect and its mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion to synergize the chemotherapy drugs. This paper reviewed the clinical and basic studies on the synergism of chemotherapy with acupuncture and moxibustion in recent years. It was found that chemotherapy synergized with acupuncture and moxibustion can suppress cancer to a certain extent and improve the quality of life in patients. The effect mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion combined with chemotherapy drugs is related to promoting tumor cell apoptosis, improving the immune and vascular microenvironment, and advancing chemotherapy drug enrichment on the affected area. It provides the evidences and ideas for enhancing the effect of chemotherapy by delivering acupuncture and moxibustion as an adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Antineoplásicos , Moxibustão , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Terapia Combinada
5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202410397, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38896110

RESUMO

The valorization of native lignin to functionalized aromatic compounds under visible light is appealing yet challenging. In this communication, colloidal mercaptoalkanoic acid capped ultrathin ZnIn2S4 (ZIS) microbelts was successfully fabricated, which was used as a superior catalyst for depolymerization of native lignin in birch woodmeal under visible light, with an optimum yield of 28.8 wt% to functionalized aromatic monomers achieved in 8 h. The capped mercaptoalkanoic acid not only enables a solvent modulated reversible interchange of ZIS between the colloidal state for efficient reaction and the aggregated state for facile separation, but also serves as a precursor for light initiated generation of reactive thiyl radical for highly selective cleavage of ß-O-4 bond in native lignin. This work provides a green and efficient strategy for the depolymerization of native lignin to functionalized aromatic monomers under mild conditions, which involves a new mechanism for the cleavage of ß-O-4 bonds in native lignin. The capability of cleavage of ß-O-4 bonds in native lignin by photogenerated thiyl radicals also demonstrates the great potential of using photogenerated thiyl radicals in organics transformations.

6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13825, 2024 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879601

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the causal association between unhealthy lifestyle style factors and the risk of colorectal cancer, with the aim of preventing the occurrence of colorectal cancer by modifying unhealthy lifestyles. A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach was employed in this study, utilizing the inverse-variance weighted method as the primary research method. This MR analysis analyzed data of 3022 colorectal cancer cases and 174,006 controls from the FinnGen database. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with unhealthy lifestyle factors were selected as instrumental variables (IVs), including two obesity-related indicators, BMI (body mass index) and WHR (waist-to-hip ratio). Four phenotypes of smoking (smoking initiation, ever smoked, smoking per day, smoking cessation) and one phenotype of alcohol consumption (drinks per week). Four phenotypes of physical activity (accelerometer-based physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, vigorous physical activity, strenuous sports or other exercises). All SNPs were obtained from published genome-wide association studies. The study found that the obesity-related indicator, higher WHR (OR = 1.38, 95% CI 1.12-1.70; P = 0.002) were associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer, and two smoking phenotypes, cigarettes per day(OR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.01-1.68; P = 0.042)and smoking initiation (OR = 3.48, 95% CI 1.15-10.55; P = 0.028), were potentially associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. However, there was no evidence to suggest that physical activities and alcohol consumption were associated with colorectal cancer (all p > 0.05). In addition, the study detected no pleiotropy (all p > 0.05). This MR analysis indicates a causal association between a higher waist-to-hip ratio and the risk of colorectal cancer and a suggestive association between smoking and the risk of colorectal cancer among Europeans. These findings contribute to the understanding of the etiology of colorectal cancer and have potential implications for its prevention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Estilo de Vida , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fumar , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Exercício Físico , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Masculino , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Relação Cintura-Quadril
7.
Vet Microbiol ; 295: 110107, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838382

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV), an alphaherpesvirus, is a neglected zoonotic pathogen. Dectin-1 sensing of ß-glucan (BG) induces trained immunity, which can possibly form a new strategy for the prevention of viral infection. However, alphaherpesvirus including PRV have received little to no investigation in the context of trained immunity. Here, we found that BG pretreatment improved the survival rate, weight loss outcomes, alleviated histological injury and decreased PRV copy number of tissues in PRV-infected mice. Type I interferons (IFNs) including IFN-α/ß levels in serum were significantly increased by BG. However, these effects were abrogated in the presence of Dectin-1 antagonist. Dectin-1-mediated effect of BG was also confirmed in porcine and murine macrophages. These results suggested that BG have effects on type I IFNs with antiviral property involved in Dectin-1. In piglets, oral or injected immunization with BG and PRV vaccine could significantly elevated the level of PRV-specific IgG and type I IFNs. And it also increased the antibody levels of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus vaccine and classical swine fever vaccine that were later immunized, indicating a broad-spectrum effect on improving vaccine immunity. On the premise that the cost was greatly reducing, the immunological effect of oral was better than injection administration. Our findings highlighted that BG induced type I IFNs related antiviral effect against PRV involved in Dectin-1 and potential application value as a feed additive to help control the spread of PRV and future emerging viruses.

8.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1359955, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846037

RESUMO

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in motor skills, with gross and fine motor dysfunction being the main symptom. This condition greatly impairs children's daily life, learning, and social interaction. Symptoms typically appear during preschool or school age, and if left untreated, they can persist into adulthood. Thus, early assessment and intervention are crucial to improve the prognosis. This study aims to review the existing literature on DCD, providing a comprehensive overview of the assessment for children with DCD in terms of body functions and structures, activities and participation, and environmental factors within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health - Children and Youth (ICF-CY). Additionally, specific rehabilitation interventions will be described, offering valuable insights for the clinical assessment and intervention of children with DCD.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1409971, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841374

RESUMO

Background: Patrinia villosa (Thunb.) Juss is one of the plant resources of the famous traditional Chinese medicine "Bai jiang cao (herba patriniae)," and it is considered to function at the liver meridian, thereby treating diseases of the liver as demonstrated by the traditional theory of TCM. Unfortunately, the therapeutic mechanism of the whole plant of PV is so far unknown. Method: UPLC QTOF-MS/MS was used to analyze the profile of PV. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were categorized into five groups, and PV groups (125 and 375 mg/kg) were administered by oral gavage for seven consecutive days. The model of liver injury was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 40% CCl4 oil solution. H&E staining was performed for histological evaluation. The ELISA method was used to assess the serum level of ALT, AST, and T-BIL. Serum and liver bile acid (BA) profiling was analyzed by LC-MS/MS. TUNEL-stained liver sections were used to monitor apoptosis caused by CCl4. HepG2 cells were used to detect autophagy caused by CCl4. Results: A total of 16 compounds were identified from the 70% methanol extract of PV. PV (125 and 375 mg/kg) could reverse the ectopic overexpression of AST, ALT, and T-BIL caused by CCl4 administration. H&E staining indicated that PV (125 and 375 mg/kg) could reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells and restore liver tissue and hepatocyte structures. Six bile acids, including DCA, HDCA, GCA, TCA, TCDCA, and TUDCA, were significantly altered both in the serum and liver tissue after CCl4 administration, and the level of all these six bile acids was restored by PV treatment. Moreover, PV inhibited apoptosis caused by CCl4 stimulation in liver tissue and suppressed autophagy in HepG2 cells treated with CCl4. Conclusion: The results in this paper for the first time reveal the alteration of the bile acid profile in CCl4-induced liver injury and demonstrate that inhibiting apoptosis and autophagy was involved in P. villosa-elicited liver protection, providing a scientific basis for the clinical utilization of P. villosa as a natural hepatic protective agent.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862405

RESUMO

Controlling the crystal facets of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) has been proven as an effective approach to tune their physicochemical properties. However, the study on facet-engineering of metastable zinc blende CdS (zb-CdS) and its heterostructures is still not fully explored. In this study, the zb-CdS and Au@zb-CdS core-shell NCs with tunable terminating facets are controllably synthesized, and their photocatalytic performance for water splitting are evaluated. It is found that the {111} facets of the zb-CdS NCs display higher intrinsic activity than the {100} counterparts, which originates from these surfaces being much more efficient, facilitating electron transition to enhance the adsorption ability and the dissociation of the adsorbed water, as revealed by theoretical calculations. Moreover, the Au@zb-CdS core-shell NCs exhibit better photocatalytic performance than the zb-CdS NCs terminated with the same facets under visible light irradiation (≥400 nm), which is mainly ascribed to the accelerated electron separation at the interface, as demonstrated by femtosecond transient absorption (fs-TA) spectroscopy. Importantly, the quantum yield of plasmon-induced hot electron transfer quantified by fs-TA in the Au@zb-CdS core-shell octahedrons can be reached as high as 1.2% under 615 nm excitation, which is higher than that of the Au@zb-CdS core-shell cubes. This work unravels the face-dependent photocatalytic performance of the metastable semiconductor NCs via a combination of experiments and theoretical calculations, providing the understanding of the underlying mechanism of these photocatalysts.

11.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 672: 142-151, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833734

RESUMO

The remarkable optical properties of carbon dots, particularly their tunable room-temperature phosphorescence, have garnered significant interest. However, challenges such as aggregation propensity and complex phosphorescence control via energy level manipulation during synthesis persist. Addressing these issues, we present a facile gel platform for tunable afterglow materials. This involves chemically cross-linking biomass-derived silicon-doped carbon dots with carboxymethylcellulose and incorporating non-precious metal salts (BaCl2, CaCl2, MgCl2, ZnCl2, ZnBr2, ZnSO4) to enhance phosphorescence. Metal salts boost intersystem crossing via spin-orbit coupling, elevating triplet state transitions and activating phosphorescence. Chemical bonding and salt-induced coordination/electrostatic interactions establish confinement effects, suppressing non-radiative transitions. Diverse salt-gel interactions yield gels with tunable phosphorescence lifetimes (9.48 ms to 32.13-492.39 ms), corresponding to afterglow durations ranging from 3.20 to 11.86 s. With its broad tunability and high recognition, this gel material exhibits promising potential for dynamic multilevel anti-counterfeiting applications.

12.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38889119

RESUMO

Enhancing the selectivity of alpha2-adrenoceptor (α2A-AR) agonists remains an unresolved issue. Herein, we reported the design of an α2A-AR agonist using the conformation constraint method, beginning with medetomidine. The structure-activity relationship indicated that the 8-substituent of chromane derivatives exerted the most pronounced effect on α2A-AR agonistic activity. Compounds A9 and B9 were identified as the most promising, exhibiting EC50 values of 0.78 and 0.23 nM, respectively. Their selectivity indexes surpassed dexmedetomidine (DMED) by 10-80 fold. In vivo studies demonstrated that both A9 and B9 dose-dependently increased the loss of righting reflex in mice, with ED50 values of 1.54 and 0.138 mg/kg, respectively. Binding mode calculations and mutation studies suggested the indispensability of the hydrogen bond between ASP1283.32 and α2A-AR agonist. In particular, A9 and B9 showed no dual reverse pharmacological effect, a characteristic exhibited by DMED in α2A-AR activation.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 176: 116876, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850657

RESUMO

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common and serious intestinal illnesses in newborns and seriously affects their long-term prognosis and survival. Butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid that can relieve intestinal inflammation, but its mechanism of action is unclear. Results from an in vivo neonatal rat model has shown that butyrate caused an improved recovery from NEC. These protective effects were associated with the metabolite of hesperetin, as determined by metabolomics and molecular biological analysis. Furthermore, transcriptomics combined with inhibitor assays were used to investigate the mechanism of action of hesperetin in an in vitro NEC model (IEC-6 cells exposed to LPS) to further investigate the mechanism by which butyrate attenuates NEC. The transcriptomics analysis showed that the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway was involved in the anti-NEC effect of hesperitin. Subsequently, the results using an inhibitor of PI3K (LY294002) indicated that the suppression could be explained by the hesperetin-induced expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins by potentially blocking the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. In summary, the present study demonstrated that butyrate could improve recovery from NEC with a hesperetin metabolite, causing potential inhibition of the phosphorylation of the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, resulting in the increased expression of TJ proteins. These findings reveal a potential new therapeutic pathway for the treatment of NEC.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante , Hesperidina , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Enterocolite Necrosante/tratamento farmacológico , Enterocolite Necrosante/metabolismo , Enterocolite Necrosante/patologia , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Butiratos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular
15.
Nanotechnology ; 35(35)2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768574

RESUMO

The development of 6 G networks has promoted related research based on terahertz communication. As submillimeter radiation, signal transportation via terahertz waves has several superior properties, including non-ionizing and easy penetration of non-metallic materials. This paper provides an overview of different terahertz detectors based on various mechanisms. Additionally, the detailed fabrication process, structural design, and the improvement strategies are summarized. Following that, it is essential and necessary to prevent the practical signal from noise, and methods such as wavelet transform, UM-MIMO and decoding have been introduced. This paper highlights the detection process of the terahertz wave system and signal processing after the collection of signal data.

16.
mBio ; 15(6): e0090524, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727220

RESUMO

Hyperactivation of pro-inflammatory type 1 cytokines (e.g., tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α] and interferon gamma [IFN-γ]) mirrors the inflammation of coronavirus disease 2019. Helminths could alleviate excessive immune responses. Here, helminth Trichinella spiralis (Ts) infection was shown to protect against TNF-α- and IFN-γ-induced shock. Mechanistically, Ts-induced protection was interleukin-9 (IL-9) dependent but not IL-4Rα. Recombinant IL-9 treatment not only improved the survival of wild-type mice with TNF-α- and IFN-γ-induced shock but also that of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-infected K18-human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) mice, emphasizing the significance of IL-9 in alleviating cytokine storm syndromes during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Interestingly, Ts excretory/secretory (TsES)-induced protection was also observed in SARS-CoV-2 infection, indicating that identifying anti-inflammatory molecules from TsES could be a novel way to mitigate adverse pathological inflammation during pathogen infection.IMPORTANCESevere coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is linked to cytokine storm triggered by type 1 pro-inflammatory immune responses. TNF-α and IFN-γ shock mirrors cytokine storm syndromes, including COVID-19. Helminths (e.g., Trichinella spiralis, Ts) can potently activate anti-inflammatory type 2 immune response. Here, we found that helminth Ts-induced protection against TNF-α and IFN-γ shock was IL-9 dependent. Treatment with recombinant IL-9 could protect against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in K18-hACE2 mice. Helminth Ts excretory/secretory (TsES) products also ameliorated SARS-CoV-2 infection-related cytokine storm. In conclusion, our study emphasizes the significance of IL-9 in protecting from cytokine storm syndromes associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Anti-inflammatory molecules from TsES could be a new source to mitigate adverse pathological inflammation associated with infections, including COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Interleucina-9 , SARS-CoV-2 , Trichinella spiralis , Animais , COVID-19/imunologia , Camundongos , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Trichinella spiralis/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-9/metabolismo , Interleucina-9/imunologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Triquinelose/imunologia , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética
17.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-10, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38788239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design a novel lumbar cortical bone trajectory (CBT) penetrating the anterior, middle, and posterior vertebral area using imaging; measure the relevant parameters to find theoretical parameters and screw placement possibilities; and investigate the optimal implantation trajectory of the CBT in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: Three types of CBTs with appropriate lengths were selected to simulate screw placement using Mimics software. These CBTs were classified as the leading tip of the trajectory pointing to the posterior quarter area (original CBT [CBT-O]) and middle (novel CBT A [CBT-A]) and anterior quarter (novel CBT B [CBT-B]) of the superior endplate. The authors then measured the maximum screw diameter (MSD) and length (MSL), cephalad (CA) and lateral (LA) angles, and bone mineral density (Hounsfield unit [HU] values) of the planned novel 3-column CBT screw placements. The differences in the parameters of the novel CBTs, the percentages of successfully planned CBT screws, and the factors that influenced the successful planning of 3-column CBT screws were analyzed. RESULTS: Three-column CBT screws were successfully designed in all segments of the lumbar spine. The success rate of the 3-column CBT planned screws was 72.25% (83.25% for CBT-A and 61.25% for CBT-B). From the CBT-O type, to the CBT-A type, to the CBT-B type, the LA, CA, and MSD of the novel CBT screws decreased with increasing trajectory length. The HU values of the three types of trajectories were all significantly higher than that of the traditional pedicle screw trajectory (p < 0.001). The main factor affecting successful planning of the 3-column CBT screw was pedicle width. CONCLUSIONS: Moderating adjustment of the original screw parameters by reducing LAs and CAs to penetrate the anterior, middle, and posterior columns of the vertebral body using the 3-column CBT screw is feasible, especially in the lower lumbar spine.

20.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(4): 1393-1400, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), galactoagglutinin-3 (GAL-3), and pentamerin-3 (PTX-3) levels in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: In this retrospective study, 107 elderly CHF patients treated in Xiangyang Central Hospital were designated as the observation group, and 60 healthy individuals were selected as the control group. The cardiac function indexes and serum IGF-1, Gal-3, and PTX-3 levels were compared between the two groups. Furthermore, the serum IGF-1, Gal-3, and PTX-3 levels in patients across different cardiac function grades were compared, as well as in patients with poor or favorable prognosis. Additionally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was adopted to explore the diagnostic value of serum IGF-1, Gal-3, and PTX-3 levels for senile CHF; and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the independent factors affecting patients' prognosis. RESULTS: The serum IGF-1 level was significantly lower, while the levels of Gal-3 and PTX-3 were significantly higher in the observation group than those of the control group (all P<0.05). The serum IGF-1 level in patients with cardiac function grade IV was lower than that of the patients with cardiac function grade II and III, while the levels of Gal-3 and PTX-3 were higher than those with cardiac function grade II and III (all P<0.05). The serum IGF-1 level in the patients with cardiac function grade III was lower than those with cardiac function grade II, while the levels of Gal-3 and PTX-3 were higher in patients with grade III than those with grade II (all P<0.05). The serum IGF-1 level was lower, while the levels of Gal-3 and PTX-3 were higher in the patients with poor prognosis than those with favorable prognosis (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In elderly CHF patients, IGF-1 level were decreases, while the levels of Gal-3 and PTX-3 were increase. These biomarkers show high sensitivity in diagnosing CHF and are closely linked to the prognosis, indicating their value for clinical assessment and management of CHF.

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