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1.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299729, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578727

RESUMO

Urban agglomerations are sophisticated territorial systems at the mature stage of city development that are concentrated areas of production and economic activity. Therefore, the study of vulnerability from the perspective of production-living-ecological space is crucial for the sustainable development of the Yellow River Basin and global urban agglomerations. The relationship between productivity, living conditions, and ecological spatial quality is fully considered in this research. By constructing a vulnerability evaluation index system based on the perspectives of production, ecology, and living space, and adopting the entropy value method, comprehensive vulnerability index model, and obstacle factor diagnostic model, the study comprehensively assesses the vulnerability of the urban agglomerations along the Yellow River from 2001 to 2020. The results reveal that the spatial differentiation characteristics of urban agglomeration vulnerability are significant. A clear three-level gradient distribution of high, medium, and low degrees is seen in the overall vulnerability; these correspond to the lower, middle, and upper reaches of the Yellow River Basin, respectively. The percentage of cities with higher and moderate levels of vulnerability did not vary from 2001 to 2020, while the percentage of cities with high levels of vulnerability did. The four dimensions of economic development, leisure and tourism, resource availability, and ecological pressure are the primary determinants of the urban agglomeration's vulnerability along the Yellow River. And the vulnerability factors of various urban agglomerations showed a significant evolutionary trend; the obstacle degree values have declined, and the importance of tourism and leisure functions has gradually increased. Based on the above conclusions, we propose several suggestions to enhance the quality of urban development along the Yellow River urban agglomeration. Including formulating a three-level development strategy, paying attention to ecological and environmental protection, developing domestic and foreign trade, and properly planning and managing the tourism industry.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Rios , China , Evolução Biológica , Cidades , Análise Fatorial
2.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 93, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438972

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a poor prognosis, and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is widely used to evaluate HCC. However, the proportion of AFP-negative individuals cannot be disregarded. This study aimed to establish a nomogram of risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with AFP-negative HCC and to evaluate its diagnostic efficiency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from patients with AFP-negative initial diagnosis of HCC (ANHC) between 2004 and 2015 were collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database for model establishment and validation. We randomly divided overall cohort into the training or validation cohort (7:3). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to identify the risk factors. We constructed nomograms with overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) as clinical endpoint events and constructed survival analysis by using Kaplan-Meier curve. Also, we conducted internal validation with Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis and Decision curve analysis (DCA) to validate the clinical value of the model. RESULTS: This study included 1811 patients (1409 men; 64.7% were Caucasian; the average age was 64 years; 60.7% were married). In the multivariate analysis, the independent risk factors affecting prognosis were age, ethnicity, year of diagnosis, tumor size, tumor grade, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The nomogram-based model related C-indexes were 0.762 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.752-0.772) and 0.752 (95% CI: 0.740-0.769) for predicting OS, and 0.785 (95% CI: 0.774-0.795) and 0.779 (95% CI: 0.762-0.795) for predicting CSS. The nomogram model showed that the predicted death was consistent with the actual value. The ROC analysis and DCA showed that the nomogram had good clinical value compared with TNM staging. CONCLUSION: The age(HR:1.012, 95% CI: 1.006-1.018, P-value < 0.001), ethnicity(African-American: HR:0.946, 95% CI: 0.783-1.212, P-value: 0.66; Others: HR:0.737, 95% CI: 0.613-0.887, P-value: 0.001), tumor diameter(HR:1.006, 95% CI: 1.004-1.008, P-value < 0.001), year of diagnosis (HR:0.852, 95% CI: 0.729-0.997, P-value: 0.046), tumor grade(Grade 2: HR:1.124, 95% CI: 0.953-1.326, P-value: 0.164; Grade 3: HR:1.984, 95% CI: 1.574-2.501, P-value < 0.001; Grade 4: HR:2.119, 95% CI: 1.115-4.027, P-value: 0.022), surgery(Liver Resection: HR:0.193, 95% CI: 0.160-0.234, P-value < 0.001; Liver Transplant: HR:0.102, 95% CI: 0.072-0.145, P-value < 0.001), chemotherapy(HR:0.561, 95% CI: 0.471-0.668, P-value < 0.001), and radiotherapy(HR:0.641, 95% CI: 0.463-0.887, P-value:0.007) were independent prognostic factors for patients with ANHC. We developed a nomogram model for predicting the OS and CSS of patients with ANHC, with a good predictive performance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , alfa-Fetoproteínas , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Pesquisa
3.
ACS Omega ; 9(2): 2866-2873, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250406

RESUMO

The flow law of immiscible fluids in porous media plays an important role in the development of oil and gas fields. In the process of water flooding reservoir development, when the water phase displaces the oil phase, a fluid with higher viscosity, as a fluid with lower viscosity, the oil-water interface will always be unstable, resulting in different fingering effects. After water flooding, the distribution law of oil and water in the reservoir is mainly affected by the fluid intrusion mechanism. Due to the difference of capillary force, viscous force, and other microscopic forces, the fluid intrusion mechanism is mainly divided into two types: viscous fingering and capillary fingering. At the same time, due to the influence of reservoir heterogeneity, the fingering effect in the process of water displacement in porous media will be influenced to a certain extent. Based on the two-dimensional microscopic visualization experiment, this paper extracted the variance of the static parameter G in the capillary number calculation method of the two-dimensional microscopic model to represent the heterogeneity and conducted displacement experiments with different viscosities and flow rates to study the influence of the flow rate, viscosity, and heterogeneity on the results of water flooding. The experiments found that as for the influence of flow velocity, with the increase of flow velocity, that is, with the increase of capillary number, the recovery degree decreases first and then increases. As for the influence of viscosity, from a numerical point of view, the displacement efficiency and conformance coefficient of the low-viscosity group are higher than those of the high-viscosity group. From the trend, with the increase of the capillary number, the displacement efficiency of both the low-viscosity and high-viscosity groups increases, while the conformance coefficient decreases first and then increases, indicating that capillary fingering and viscous fingering can occur in different viscosity reservoirs. As for the influence of heterogeneity, the conformance coefficient of the water flooding decreases with the increase of heterogeneity, and the viscous pointing trend caused by heterogeneity is stronger, resulting in an uneven water injection sweep and higher oil displacement efficiency within the swept area. It can be seen from the fluid intrusion mechanism diagram that with the increase of heterogeneity, the viscous fingering trend becomes more obvious; with the increase of viscosity, the fluid intrusion mechanism boundary moves down and the viscous fingering trend becomes more obvious.

4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 38, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common and serious complication of elective clean orthopedic surgery that can lead to severe adverse outcomes. However, the prognostic efficacy of the current staging systems remains uncertain for patients undergoing elective aseptic orthopedic procedures. This study aimed to identify high-risk factors independently associated with SSI and develop a nomogram prediction model to accurately predict the occurrence of SSI. METHODS: A total of 20,960 patients underwent elective clean orthopedic surgery in our hospital between January 2020 and December 2021, of whom 39 developed SSI; we selected all 39 patients with a postoperative diagnosis of SSI and 305 patients who did not develop postoperative SSI for the final analysis. The patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts in a 7:3 ratio. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in the training cohort to screen for independent risk factors of SSI, and a nomogram prediction model was developed. The predictive performance of the nomogram was compared with that of the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to assess the clinical decision-making value of the nomogram. RESULTS: The SSI incidence was 0.186%. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class (odds ratio [OR] 1.564 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.029-5.99, P = 0.046]), operative time (OR 1.003 [95% CI 1.006-1.019, P < 0.001]), and D-dimer level (OR 1.055 [95% CI 1.022-1.29, P = 0.046]) as risk factors for postoperative SSI. We constructed a nomogram prediction model based on these independent risk factors. In the training and validation cohorts, our predictive model had concordance indices (C-indices) of 0.777 (95% CI 0.672-0.882) and 0.732 (95% CI 0.603-0.861), respectively, both of which were superior to the C-indices of the NNIS system (0.668 and 0.543, respectively). Calibration curves and DCA confirmed that our nomogram model had good consistency and clinical predictive value, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Operative time, ASA class, and D-dimer levels are important clinical predictive indicators of postoperative SSI in patients undergoing elective clean orthopedic surgery. The nomogram predictive model based on the three clinical features demonstrated strong predictive performance, calibration capabilities, and clinical decision-making abilities for SSI.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos
5.
Viruses ; 15(11)2023 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38005853

RESUMO

To determine the epidemiological status of influenza and understand the distribution of common respiratory viruses in adult patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) cases in Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, China, epidemiological data between 2018 and 2019 were retrieved from the China Influenza Surveillance Information System, and two sentinel ILI surveillance hospitals were selected for sample collection. All specimens were screened for influenza virus (IFV) and the other 14 common respiratory viruses using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results of the 2-year ILI surveillance showed that 26,205 (1.37%) of the 1,907,869 outpatients and emergency patients presented with ILI, with an average annual incidence of 297.75 per 100,000 individuals, and ILI cases were predominant in children <15 years (21,348 patients, 81.47%). Of the 2713 specimens collected from adult patients with ILI, the overall detection rate of respiratory viruses was 20.13%, with IFV being the most frequently detected (11.79%) and at a relatively lower rate than other respiratory viruses. Further subtype analysis indicated an alternating or mixed prevalence of H1N1 (2009), H3N2, Victoria, and Yamagata subtypes. This study provides a baseline epidemiological characterization of ILI and highlights the need for a nationwide detection and surveillance system for multiple respiratory pathogens.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana , Viroses , Adulto , Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Viroses/epidemiologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 15244, 2023 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37709823

RESUMO

We aim to develop a nomogram to predict overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE) after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with portal hypertension, according to demographic/clinical indicators such as age, creatinine, blood ammonia, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICG-R15) and percentage of Portal pressure gradient (PPG) decline. In this retrospective study, 296 patients with portal hypertension who received elective TIPS in Beijing Shijitan Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were included. These patients were randomly divided into a training cohort (n = 207) and a validation cohort (n = 89). According to the occurrence of OHE, patients were assigned to OHE group and non-OHE group. Both univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine independent variables for predicting OHE after TIPS. Accordingly, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to compare the accuracy and superiority of a novel model with conventional Child-Pugh and MELD scoring model. Age (OR 1.036, 95% CI 1.002-1.070, p = 0.037), Creatinine (OR 1.011, 95% CI 1.003-1.019, p = 0.009), Blood ammonia (OR 1.025, 95% CI 1.006-1.044, p = 0.011), ICG-R15 (OR 1.030, 95% CI 1.009-1.052, p = 0.004) and Percentage decline in PPG (OR 1.068, 95% CI 1.029-1.109, p = 0.001) were independent risk factors for OHE after TIPS using multifactorial analysis. A nomogram was constructed using a well-fit calibration curve for each of these five covariates. When compared to Child-Pugh and MELD score, this new nomogram has a better predictive value (C-index = 0.828, 95% CI 0.761-0.896). Consistently, this finding was reproduceable in validation cohort and confirmed with DCA. A unique nomogram was developed to predict OHE after TIPS in patients with PHT, with a high prediction sensitivity and specificity performance than commonly applied scoring systems.


Assuntos
Encefalopatia Hepática , Hipertensão Portal , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Humanos , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Amônia , Creatinina , Nomogramas , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipertensão Portal/etiologia , Hipertensão Portal/cirurgia , Verde de Indocianina
9.
JMIR Form Res ; 7: e43099, 2023 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37707948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caregivers of people with chronic illnesses often face negative stress-related health outcomes and are unavailable for traditional face-to-face interventions due to the intensity and constraints of their caregiver role. Just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs) have emerged as a design framework that is particularly suited for interventional mobile health studies that deliver in-the-moment prompts that aim to promote healthy behavioral and psychological changes while minimizing user burden and expense. While JITAIs have the potential to improve caregivers' health-related quality of life (HRQOL), their effectiveness for caregivers remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the dose-response relationship of a fully automated JITAI-based self-management intervention involving personalized mobile app notifications targeted at decreasing the level of caregiver strain, anxiety, and depression. The secondary objective is to investigate whether the effectiveness of this mobile health intervention was moderated by the caregiver group. We also explored whether the effectiveness of this intervention was moderated by (1) previous HRQOL measures, (2) the number of weeks in the study, (3) step count, and (4) minutes of sleep. METHODS: We examined 36 caregivers from 3 disease groups (10 from spinal cord injury, 11 from Huntington disease, and 25 from allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation) in the intervention arm of a larger randomized controlled trial (subjects in the other arm received no prompts from the mobile app) designed to examine the acceptability and feasibility of this intensive type of trial design. A series of multivariate linear models implementing a weighted and centered least squares estimator were used to assess the JITAI efficacy and effect. RESULTS: We found preliminary support for a positive dose-response relationship between the number of administered JITAI messages and JITAI efficacy in improving caregiver strain, anxiety, and depression; while most of these associations did not meet conventional levels of significance, there was a significant association between high-frequency JITAI and caregiver strain. Specifically, administering 5-6 messages per week as opposed to no messages resulted in a significant decrease in the HRQOL score of caregiver strain with an estimate of -6.31 (95% CI -11.76 to -0.12; P=.046). In addition, we found that the caregiver groups and the participants' levels of depression in the previous week moderated JITAI efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides preliminary evidence to support the effectiveness of the self-management JITAI and offers practical guidance for designing future personalized JITAI strategies for diverse caregiver groups. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04556591; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04556591.

10.
Microbiol Spectr ; 11(4): e0015923, 2023 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37486235

RESUMO

Human adenovirus (HAdV) is the primary cause of acute conjunctivitis. To improve our understanding of the etiology of adenoviral conjunctivitis, ocular samples were collected from 160 conjunctivitis cases in the Shanxi province of northern China between 2016 and 2019. Through preliminary identification, virus isolation, and type identification, a total of 63 HAdV isolates were obtained from the samples. Three species and seven types (HAdV-3, HAdV-4, HAdV-8, HAdV-37, HAdV-53, HAdV-64, and HAdV-85) were detected, with HAdV-64, HAdV-3, and HAdV-8 being the predominant types in 2016, 2018, and 2019, respectively. Further phylogenetic analysis indicated the relative genomic stability of seven HAdV-type strains, except for 4 HAdV-3 strains in 2018 with a novel amino acid insertion site (Pro) between P19 and S20 in the penton base gene. It is worth noting that the genomes of two Shanxi HAdV-85 strains from 2016 were almost identical to those of previously reported HAdV-85 strains that circulated in Japan in 2014 to 2018. China was the second country to sample and isolate HAdV-85, suggesting that HAdV-85 might be underreported as an ocular pathogen. Data obtained in this study provide valuable information on the prevalence of acute conjunctivitis caused by HAdV. IMPORTANCE HAdV types in cases of conjunctivitis in Shanxi province, China, in 2016 to 2019 showed evident diversity, with seven types (HAdV-3, HAdV-4, HAdV-8, HAdV-37, HAdV-53, HAdV-64, and HAdV-85) being identified, and relative genome stability of these viruses was observed. In addition, China was the second country to sample and isolate HAdV-85, which suggests that HAdV-85 might be underreported as an important pathogen associated with ocular infections. These results enhance the understanding of the etiology of adenoviral conjunctivitis and may aid in the development of prevention and control strategies for HAdV-related ocular infections in China.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos , Adenovírus Humanos , Conjuntivite , Infecções Oculares , Humanos , Filogenia , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda
11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(37): 87721-87733, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37428324

RESUMO

Vermicompost and biochar have been widely used to improve soil conditions. However, little information is available regarding the efficiency and effectiveness of in situ vermicomposting with biochar (IVB) in monoculture soils. In this study, we estimated the effects of IVB on soil physiochemical and microbial properties, crop yields, and fruit quality under the tomato monoculture system. The soil treatments considered were (i) untreated monoculture soil (MS, control), (ii) MS plus 1.5 t/ha biochar applied to soil surface (MS+1.5BCS), (iii) MS plus 3 t/ha biochar applied to soil surface (MS+3BCS), (iv) MS mixed with 1.5 t/ha biochar (MS+1.5BCM), (v) MS mixed with 3 t/ha biochar (MS+3BCM), (vi) in situ vermicomposting (VC), (vii) VC plus 1.5 t/ha biochar applied to VC surface (VC+1.5BCS), (viii) VC plus 3 t/ha biochar applied to VC surface (VC+3BCS), (ix) VC mixed with 1.5 t/ha biochar (VC+1.5BCM), and (x) VC mixed with 3 t/ha biochar (VC+3BCM). In general, soil pH varied from 7.68 to 7.96 under VC-related treatments. The microbial diversity was much higher in bacterial communities (OTU: 2284-3194, Shannon index: 8.81-9.91) than in fungal communities (OTU: 392-782, Shannon index: 4.63-5.71) in VC-related treatments. Specifically, Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum, followed by Bacteroidota, Chloroflexi, Patescibacteria, Acidobacteriota, Firmicutes, and Myxococcota. It is worth noting that IVB-related treatments could increase the relative abundance of Acidobacteria and reduced the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes. In addition, the VC+1.5BCM treatment exhibited the greatest yield (9377.6 kg/667m2) and simultaneously showed higher fruit quality (vitamin C, 28.94 mg/100g; soluble sugar, 20.15%) as compared to other treatments. Our results suggested that in situ vermicomposting with biochar can improve soil properties and enhance both crop yields and fruit quality under the tomato monoculture system.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Solanum lycopersicum , Solo/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Bactérias , Acidobacteria , Bacteroidetes
12.
Oncol Lett ; 25(6): 229, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37153064

RESUMO

Gallbladder neuroendocrine carcinoma (GB-NEC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma that arises from the gallbladder. Patients with GB-NEC usually have a poor prognosis. The present study described two cases diagnosed with GB-NEC and reviewed the literature to improve knowledge of GB-NEC. The present study reported on two cases of GB-NEC in male patients aged 65 and 66 years, respectively. Both patients underwent surgical resection. Postoperative pathology confirmed that one case had mixed adeno-neuroendocrine carcinoma and the other had large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. In addition, both patients had uneventful recoveries following surgery and received cisplatin-etoposide combination chemotherapy. The present study summarized the two cases and reviewed the literature to improve understanding of GB-NEC. The results revealed that radiological findings of GB-NEC are non-specific. The present study demonstrated that surgical resection was still the most effective therapy and that postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy could markedly improve the prognosis of patients with GB-NEC.

13.
Microbiol Spectr ; 11(3): e0011923, 2023 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37249442

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance in Shigella spp. is a global public health concern. In this study, the AMR phenotypic profiles of 10 kinds of antibiotics were compared with the genotypic profiles using genomic analysis of 218 Shigella isolates from Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, China, 2005 to 2016. Core genome Multilocus Sequence Typing (cgMLST) based on the EnteroBase Escherichia/Shigella scheme was used to obtain the genetic relatedness of Shigella isolates. Multiple-drug resistance was observed in 96.79% Shigella spp., and the resistance to antimicrobial agents varied between S. flexneri and S. sonnei. The genotypic results correlated well with the phenotypic profiles with concordance rates of 96.42% and 94.50% in S. flexneri and S. sonnei isolates, respectively, from Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province. The sensitivity and specificity of the genotypic antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) were 97.56% and 95.34% for S. flexneri, and 95.65% and 93.31% for S. sonnei isolates, respectively. A discrepancy of genotypic and phenotypic AST results existed in some cephalosporin- and azithromycin-resistant Shigella isolates; there were no clear resistance patterns to predict ciprofloxacin resistance. There were major discrepancies between genotypic and phenotypic AST in the genotypically resistant but phenotypically susceptible isolates. The drug-resistance patterns and essential drug-resistance genes to predict the phenotypic drug-resistant profiles were the discrepancies between S. flexneri and S. sonnei isolates. Phylogenetic analysis showed that isolates of the same cluster but with different antibiotic-resistance gene patterns occurred because of the loss or gain of antibiotic-resistance genes located in the plasmids and multidrug-resistance islands. IMPORTANCE Antimicrobial resistance in Shigella spp. has become a global public health concern. In this study, we identified the antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) characteristics based on genomic sequences of 218 Shigella isolates and analyzed the correlation between genotypic and phenotypic antibiotic resistance profiles of Shigella spp., especially for fluoroquinolone, macrolides, and third-generation cephalosporins. Our results show that the genotypic results correlated with the phenotypic profiles with concordance rates of 96.42% and 94.50% in S. flexneri and S. sonnei isolates, respectively. The drug-resistance patterns and essential drug-resistance genes to predict the phenotypic drug-resistant profiles of S. flexneri and S. sonnei isolates in Taiyuan city were distinct. The discrepancy between genotypic and phenotypic AST was considerable in the genotypically resistant but phenotypically susceptible isolates. The information on drug resistance and resistance genes in this study can offer more details on the prevalence of drug resistance of Shigella spp.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Disenteria Bacilar , Shigella , Humanos , Filogenia , Disenteria Bacilar/epidemiologia , Shigella/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética
14.
Viruses ; 15(3)2023 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36992403

RESUMO

In recent years, the prevalence of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enteroviruses other than enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) has gradually increased. The throat swab specimens of 2701 HFMD cases were tested, the VP1 regions of CVA10 RNA were amplified using RT-PCR, and phylogenetic analysis of CVA10 was performed. Children aged 1-5 years accounted for the majority (81.65%) and boys were more than girls. The positivity rates of EV-A71, CVA16, and other EVs were 15.22% (219/1439), 28.77% (414/1439), and 56.01% (806/1439), respectively. CVA10 is one of the important viruses of other EVs. A total of 52 CVA10 strains were used for phylogenetic analysis based on the VP1 region, 31 were from this study, and 21 were downloaded from GenBank. All CVA10 sequences could be assigned to seven genotypes (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G), and genotype C was further divided into C1 and C2 subtypes, only one belonged to subtype C1 and the remaining 30 belonged to C2 in this study. This study emphasized the importance of strengthening the surveillance of HFMD to understand the mechanisms of pathogen variation and evolution, and to provide a scientific basis for HFMD prevention, control, and vaccine development.


Assuntos
Infecções por Enterovirus , Enterovirus , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Enterovirus/genética , Antígenos Virais/genética , China/epidemiologia
15.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 29(3): 520-528, 2023 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36992824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that an inversed albumin-to-globulin ratio (IAGR) is a predictor of the prognosis of many cancers. However, the prognostic value of an IAGR for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who undergo transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is still unclear. This study aims to evaluate the predictive value of an IAGR for the prognosis of those patients. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 396 patients with HCC who received TACE. Using a cut-off value of 1.0 for the albumin-to-globulin ratio, patients were divided into a normal albumin-to-globulin ratio (NAGR) (≥1) and an IAGR (<1) group. Univariate and multivariate analyses and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed to identify risk factors of overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Survival nomograms were constructed based on the multivariable analysis results and further evaluated using the consistency index (C-index) and calibration curve. RESULTS: A total of 396 patients were included in the final analysis and were divided into the NAGR group (n = 298, 75.3%) and the IAGR (n = 98, 24.7%) group. The median OS and CSS were significantly worse in the IAGR group than in the NAGR group (OS: 8 vs. 26 months, CSS: 10 vs. 41 months, both P < 0.001). Multivariate analyses demonstrated that an IAGR was an independent risk factor for predicting worse OS [hazard ratio (HR), 2.024; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.460-2.806] and CSS (HR: 2.439; 95% CI: 1.651-3.601). The nomogram-based model-related C-indexes for OS and CSS prediction were 0.715 (95% CI: 0.697-0.733) and 0.750 (95% CI: 0.729-0.771), and the calibration of the nomogram showed good consistency. CONCLUSION: The IAGR along with underlying liver disease severity were the useful prognostic predictors of OS and CSS among patients with HCC undergoing TACE and might be useful to identify high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Globulinas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Gravidade do Paciente , Albuminas
16.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(3)2023 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36985021

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a tumor that poses a serious threat to human health, with an extremely low five-year survival rate due to its difficulty in early diagnosis and insensitivity to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. To improve the therapeutic efficiency of HCC, we developed a novel multifunctional nanoplatform (SCF NPs) with an amphiphilic polymer (Ce6-PEG2000-FA) and a multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib. SCF NPs showed superior therapeutical efficiency for HCC due to the synergetic effect of molecular targeted therapy and phototherapy. The Ce6-PEG2000-FA not only serves as a nanocarrier with excellent biocompatibility but also can act as a therapeutic reagent for photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Furthermore, the folic acid group of Ce6-PEG2000-FA enhanced the active targeting performance of SCF NPs. As a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, sunitinib in SCF NPs can play a role in molecular targeted therapies, including tumor growth inhibition and anti-angiogenesis. In vivo experiments, SCF NPs showed multimode imaging capabilities, which can be used for tumorous diagnosis and intraoperative navigation. Meanwhile, SCF NPs showed outstanding synergetic tumor inhibition ability. Tumors of SCF NPs group with laser radiation were eradicated without any recrudescence after 14 days of treatment. Such theranostic nanoparticles offer a novel therapeutic tactic for HCC.

17.
NPJ Digit Med ; 6(1): 4, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631665

RESUMO

Gamification, the application of gaming elements to increase enjoyment and engagement, has the potential to improve the effectiveness of digital health interventions, while the effectiveness of competition gamification components remains poorly understood on residency. To address this gap, we evaluate the effect of smartphone-based gamified team competition intervention on daily step count and sleep duration via a micro-randomized trial on medical interns. Our aim is to assess potential improvements in the factors (namely step count and sleep) that may help interns cope with stress and improve well-being. In 1779 interns, team competition intervention significantly increases the mean daily step count by 105.8 steps (SE 35.8, p = 0.03) relative to the no competition arm, while does not significantly affect the mean daily sleep minutes (p = 0.76). Moderator analyses indicate that the causal effects of competition on daily step count and sleep minutes decreased by 14.5 steps (SE 10.2, p = 0.16) and 1.9 minutes (SE 0.6, p = 0.003) for each additional week-in-study, respectively. Intra-institutional competition negatively moderates the causal effect of competition upon daily step count by -90.3 steps (SE 86.5, p = 0.30). Our results show that gamified team competition delivered via mobile app significantly increases daily physical activity which suggests that team competition can function as a mobile health intervention tool to increase short-term physical activity levels for medical interns. Future improvements in strategies of forming competition opponents and introducing occasional competition breaks may improve the overall effectiveness.

19.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 97(3): 435-444.e2, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence of high-risk varices (HRV) is low among compensated cirrhotic patients undergoing EGD. Our study aimed to identify a novel machine learning (ML)-based model, named ML EGD, for ruling out HRV and avoiding unnecessary EGDs in patients with compensated cirrhosis. METHODS: An international cohort from 17 institutions from China, Singapore, and India were enrolled (CHESS2001). The variables with the top 3 importance scores (liver stiffness, platelet count, and total bilirubin) were selected by the Shapley additive explanation and input into a light gradient-boosting machine algorithm to develop ML EGD for identification of HRV. Furthermore, we built a web-based calculator for ML EGD, which is free with open access (http://www.pan-chess.cn/calculator/MLEGD_score). Unnecessary EGDs that were not performed and the rates of missed HRV were used to assess the efficacy and safety for varices screening. RESULTS: Of 2794 enrolled patients, 1283 patients formed a real-world cohort from 1 university hospital in China used to develop and internally validate the performance of ML EGD for varices screening. They were randomly assigned into the training (n = 1154) and validation (n = 129) cohorts with a ratio of 9:1. In the training cohort, ML EGD spared 607 (52.6%) unnecessary EGDs with a missed HRV rate of 3.6%. In the validation cohort, ML EGD spared 75 (58.1%) EGDs with a missed HRV rate of 1.4%. To externally test the performance of ML EGD, 966 patients from 14 university hospitals in China (test cohort 1) and 545 from 2 hospitals in Singapore and India (test cohort 2) comprised the 2 test cohorts. In test cohort 1, ML EGD spared 506 (52.4%) EGDs with a missed HRV rate of 2.8%. In test cohort 2, ML EGD spared 224 (41.1%) EGDs with a missed HRV rate of 3.1%. When compared with the Baveno VI criteria, ML EGD spared more screening EGDs in all cohorts (training cohort, 52.6% vs 29.4%; validation cohort, 58.1% vs 44.2%; test cohort 1, 52.4% vs 26.5%; test cohort 2, 41.1% vs 21.1%, respectively; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: We identified a novel model based on liver stiffness, platelet count, and total bilirubin, named ML EGD, as a free web-based calculator. ML EGD could efficiently help rule out HRV and avoid unnecessary EGDs in patients with compensated cirrhosis. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT04307264.).


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Varizes , Humanos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Bilirrubina , Aprendizado de Máquina
20.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 57(6): 1893-1905, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36259347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) pattern is a novel microvascular pattern associated with poor outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Preoperative estimation of VETC has potential to improve treatment decisions. PURPOSE: To develop and validate a nomogram based on gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI for estimating VETC in HCC and to evaluate whether the estimations are associated with recurrence after hepatic resection. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: A total of 320 patients with HCC and histopathologic VETC pattern assessment from three centers (development cohort:validation cohort = 173:147). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A3.0  T/turbo spin-echo T2-weighted, spin-echo echo-planar diffusion-weighted, and 3D T1-weighted gradient-echo sequences. ASSESSMENT: A set of previously reported VETC- and/or prognosis-correlated qualitative and quantitative imaging features were assessed. Clinical and imaging variables were compared based on histopathologic VETC status to investigate factors indicating VETC pattern. A regression-based nomogram was then constructed using the significant factors for VETC pattern. The nomogram-estimated VETC stratification was assessed for its association with recurrence. STATISTICAL TESTS: Fisher exact test, t-test or Mann-Whitney test, logistic regression analyses, Harrell's concordance index (C-index), nomogram, Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Pathological VETC pattern presence was identified in 156 patients (development cohort:validation cohort = 83:73). Tumor size, presence of heterogeneous enhancement with septations or with irregular ring-like structures, and necrosis were significant factors for estimating VETC pattern. The nomogram incorporating these indicators showed good discrimination with a C-index of 0.870 (development cohort) and 0.862 (validation cohort). Significant differences in recurrence rates between the nomogram-estimated high-risk VETC group and low-risk VETC group were found (2-year recurrence rates, 50.7% vs. 30.3% and 49.6% vs. 31.8% in the development and validation cohorts, respectively). DATA CONCLUSION: The nomogram integrating gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI features was associated with VETC pattern preoperatively and with postoperative recurrence in patients with HCC. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
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