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1.
iScience ; 25(9): 104894, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060061

RESUMO

Obesity is primarily characterized by the dysregulation of lipid metabolism and gut microbiota. Here, we found that the body weight of transgenic mice overexpressing L2Δ13, a selectively spliced isoform of lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2), was lower than that of wild-type (WT) mice. Numerous microbiotas were significantly changed and most microbial metabolites were abnormal in L2Δ13 mice. Lipid metabolites in feces were negatively correlated with those in plasma, suggesting that L2Δ13 may affect lipid uptake, and potentially, adipose tissue homeostasis. This was supported by the weight loss and decreased area of adipose tissue in L2Δ13 mice. Adipogenic differentiation of primary stromal vascular fraction cells showed that the lipid droplets of L2Δ13 cells were significantly smaller than those of WT cells. Adipocyte differentiation-associated genes were also downregulated in adipose tissue from L2Δ13 mice. Thus, L2Δ13 can induce adipose tissue loss in mice by affecting gut microbiota homeostasis and multi-tissue lipid metabolism.

2.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 948786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061279

RESUMO

Background: Psychiatric nurses often face abuse, attacks, escape, suicides, and other situations related to the care of patients with mental disorders, which are more likely to induce psychological distress. Aims: This study aimed to examine the relationship between coping styles and psychological distress among Chinese psychiatric nurses in Shandong and the significance of sleep quality as a mediating factor. Methods: A total of 812 psychiatric nurses in Shandong, China, were investigated using the Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and self-compiled general information questionnaire. Results: Psychological distress was detected in 571 psychiatric nurses (70.3%). The psychological distress of psychiatric nurses was significantly different with respect to professional title (χ2 = 10.627, P < 0.05) and shift work (χ2 = 9.120, P < 0.01). Psychological distress positively correlated with negative coping style (r = 0.266, P < 0.01) and sleep quality (PSQIT) (r = 0.532, P < 0.01). A significant positive correlation was found between psychological distress and all dimensions of sleep quality (r = 0.158-0.456, P < 0.05). Professional title, positive coping style, negative coping style, sleep quality (PSQIT), subjective sleep quality, sleep disorder and daytime dysfunction predicted psychological distress in psychiatric nurses (R 2 = 0.363, F = 65.343, P < 0.01). The relationship between negative coping style and psychological distress was partially mediated by sleep quality, with the mediating effect accounting for 37.97% of the total effect. Conclusions: Psychiatric nurses have a high rate of psychological distress, which is closely related to coping styles, and sleep quality has a certain regulatory effect.

3.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 16: 995614, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062260

RESUMO

Dysphagia is one of the most common manifestations of stroke, which can affect as many as 50-81% of acute stroke patients. Despite the development of diverse treatment approaches, the precise mechanisms underlying therapeutic efficacy remain controversial. Earlier studies have revealed that the onset of dysphagia is associated with neurological damage. Neuroplasticity-based transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a recently introduced technique, is widely used in the treatment of post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) by increasing changes in neurological pathways through synaptogenesis, reorganization, network strengthening, and inhibition. The main objective of this review is to discuss the effectiveness, mechanisms, potential limitations, and prospects of TMS for clinical application in PSD rehabilitation, with a view to provide a reference for future research and clinical practice.

4.
J Oncol ; 2022: 9096365, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052283

RESUMO

Purpose: Assessment of lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 expression in liver cancer tissues and cell lines to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms that regulate liver cancer cell growth, development, invasion, and migration. Methods: The lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 expression in tumor tissues of 32 liver cancer patients was measured by real-time PCR, and its effect on the clinicopathological manifestations and liver cancer patients' prognosis was determined. LncRNA SAMD12-AS1 overexpression and knockdown in liver cancer cell lines were established by cell transfection. The effects of lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 knockdown and overexpression on liver cancer cell growth, development, invasion, and migration were determined by MTT, Transwell, and clonogenic assays. Furthermore, its effects on the expression of E-cadherin, vimentin, p53, and p21 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells were determined by Western blot assay. Results: The level of lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 expression in tumor tissues was remarkably higher than that in paracancerous liver tissues (p < 0.01). It was found that the lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 expression was largely correlated with TNM stage of tumor, vascular invasion, and hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigen in liver cancer patients (p < 0.05). Cell function experiments showed that lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 overexpression promoted liver cancer development, migration, and invasion (p < 0.05), while lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 knockdown inhibited the activity of liver cancer cells to invade and migrate (p < 0.05). Western blot analysis showed that overexpression of lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 markedly inhibited p21, p53, and E-cadherin expression and promoted vimentin expression. Conversely, knockdown of lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 significantly promoted p21, p53, and E-cadherin expression and inhibited vimentin expression (p < 0.05). Conclusion: LncRNA SAMD12-AS1 is associated with the TNM stage and vascular invasion of liver cancer. It promotes liver cancer cell development, invasion, and migration by regulating p53 expression. Thus, lncRNA SAMD12-AS1 could be a novel biological target for the treatment of liver cancer.

5.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054335

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine efficacy and safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of uterine fibroids (UFs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed women undergoing HIFU ablation for UFs between June 2018 and January 2020. Before and after HIFU, patients underwent CEUS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The relationship between CEUS features and ablation rate was analyzed. The time-intensity curves on CEUS were measured before and after HIFU ablation, and compared with those obtained using MRI. Adverse reactions were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 64 patients were included. The immediate HIFU ablation rate significantly differed between low-, iso-, and high-enhancement UFs (87.2% ± 1.6%, 83.3% ± 2.1%, and 72.9% ± 3.1%, respectively; p < 0.05). On CEUS, the peak time of the time-intensity curve was significantly longer after treatment than before treatment (32.2 ± 9.7 and 26.7 ± 9.4 s, respectively; p < 0.05). Peak intensity was significantly lower after treatment than before treatment (13.7 ± 7.5 and 30.9 ± 11.2 dB, respectively; p < 0.05). All measurements were comparable between CEUS and MRI. The most common peri- and post-procedure adverse reaction was pain, which was temporary. CONCLUSION: CEUS could dynamically and safely evaluate the immediate effects of the HIFU ablation of UFs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction rate between men aged under and over 70 years who underwent artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) surgery. METHODS: A prospective review of all men who received AUS between January 2008 and January 2018 was undertaken with a minimum 24-month review. All patient demographics and surgical outcomes including data on the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) and National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Frailty Index (NSQIP-FI) scores, as well as patient satisfaction rates, were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 245 AUS implanted, 60 patients were aged ≥70 years with 45 virgin cases and 15 revision AUS. Reduction in mean pad use and weight over 24 hours were significant at 0.21 (0-1) pads and 8 (0-30) g in both groups with no significant difference (P = 0.76). Kaplan-Meier estimates of AUS survival showed no significant difference between men aged ≥ and <70 years at 1 year (98% versus 96%; P = 0.44). The multivariate logistic regression model showed that radiation (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 3.8, 95% CI 1.4-6.8; P < 0.01) was a significant predictor of AUS revision, while age ≥ 70 years (adjusted OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.8-8.8; P = 0.14) and frailty (NSQIP-FI ≥ 0.27 adjusted OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.2-7.6; P = 0.82) were not. There were no significant differences in PGI-I scores (P = 0.43) and overall satisfaction rate (83% versus 84%; P = 0.44) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Men aged ≥70 years reported similar clinical efficacy as men aged <70 years in terms of device survival and satisfaction rates following AUS surgery.

7.
Small ; : e2202156, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056898

RESUMO

The localization and accumulation of drugs in the body determine their therapeutic effects; however, the specific microstructure of damaged tissues hinders drug delivery. Currently, there is a shortage of effective drug carriers to breach these barriers and achieve efficient tissue and cellular delivery of drugs. In this study, an injectable double positively charged functional hydrogel microsphere with "targeting cartilage extracellular matrix", "cartilage penetration", and "cellular phagocytosis" is designed for matching the structural characteristics of joints, addressing the difficulties of drug delivery in joints. The microspheres could be adsorbed on the negatively charged cartilage surface because of their positively charged poly-lysine surface. Furthermore, the internally loaded positively charged polyamidoamine contained kartogenin, which helped further the penetration of the cartilage under the guidance of electrical charge. The microspheres could release kartogenin for more than 21 days. In in vivo experiments, the microspheres effectively improve the efficiency of drug delivery, inhibit the degradation of cartilage matrix and subchondral bone, and delay the development of osteoarthritis. As a double positively charged drug delivery system, the versatile microsphere has great potential for treating osteoarthritis and other diseases.

8.
J Tissue Eng ; 13: 20417314221122123, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093432

RESUMO

To study the biological functions and applications of human amniotic epithelial cell-derived extracellular vesicles (hAEC-EVs), the cargos of hAEC-EVs were analyzed using miRNA sequencing and proteomics analysis. The hAECs and hAEC-EVs in this study had specific characteristics. Multi-omics analyses showed that extracellular matrix (ECM) reorganization, inhibition of excessive myofibroblasts, and promotion of target cell adhesion to the ECM were their primary functions. We evaluated the application of hAEC-EVs for corneal alkali burn healing in rabbits and elucidated the fundamental mechanisms. Slit-lamp images revealed that corneal alkali burns induced central epithelial loss, stromal haze, iris, and pupil obscurity in rabbits. Slit-lamp examination and histological findings indicated that hAEC-EVs facilitated re-epithelialization of the cornea after alkali burns, reduced scar formation and promoted the restoration of corneal tissue transparency. Significantly fewer α-SMA-positive myofibroblasts were observed in the hAEC-EV-treated group than the PBS group. HAEC-EVs effectively promoted the proliferation and migration of hCECs and hCSCs in vitro and activated the focal adhesion signaling pathway. We demonstrated that hAEC-EVs were excellent cell-free candidates for the treatment of ECM lesion-based diseases, including corneal alkali burns. HAEC-EVs promoted ECM reorganization and cell adhesion of target tissues or cells via orderly activation of the focal adhesion signaling pathway.

9.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098615

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, there has been no comparative study of changes in radiographic parameters in the sagittal plane between biplane opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) with plate fixation and uniplane OWHTO with spacer implantation. The aim of the study was to compare sagittal radiographs between the procedures of biplane and uniplane OWHTOs in patients with genu varum and to investigate the impact on the patellofemoral joint. METHODS: A retrospective study of 71 patients (58.0 ± 5.0 years of age, 58 females and 13 males) with varus-aligned medial compartment knee osteoarthritis treated with OWHTO was performed during the period from January 2016 to February 2019. Thirty-three patients underwent biplane osteotomy with plate fixation (biplane group), and 38 patients underwent uniplane osteotomy with absorbable wedged spacer fixation (uniplane group). Independent t tests were used to compare the two groups according to the preoperative and postoperative radiographic parameters of hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle, posterior tibial slope (PTS), tibial tubercle prominence (TTP), Caton-Deschamps (CD) index, and Blackburne-Peel (BP) index. During the last follow-up assessment, patients were asked to rate their patellofemoral joint status using the Samsung Medical Center (SMC) patellofemoral (PF) scoring system. The visual analog scale (VAS) was also used to rate knee joint pain when walking. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in any of the demographic, clinical, or radiological characteristics at baseline (p > 0.05). Comparisons of postoperative sagittal radiographic parameters between patients in the uniplane group and patients in the biplane group showed significant differences in the PTS (13.4° vs 16.6°, t = 4.465, p < 0.001), TTP (9.0 mm vs 4.2 mm, t = 7.950, p < 0.001), and CD index (0.81 vs 0.70, t = 4.035, p < 0.001). At the final follow-up assessment (minimum, 2 years), the SMC PF function score was significantly lower in patients in the uniplane group than in patients in the biplane group (27.8 vs. 32.1, t = 2.458, p = 0.016), but there were no significant differences in the SMC PF pain score or VAS score (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The essential difference in the postoperative sagittal radiographic changes between biplane and uniplane OWHTO was the tibial tubercle prominence, indicating the posterior displacement of the tibial tubercle. Uniplane OWHTO may yield better function of the patellofemoral joint compared to biplane OWHTO.

10.
Med Oncol ; 39(12): 188, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071246

RESUMO

Abnormally activated Hedgehog (Hh) pathway has been linked to multiple types of cancers including medulloblastoma (MB). Current Hh-targeted drug development projects mainly focus on antagonizing the upstream oncoprotein Smoothened (Smo). However, the effectiveness of Smo inhibitors is compromised by primary and acquired resistance, which is caused by mutations of Smo or other downstream components. Here, we conducted a cellular screening of small-molecule compounds and identified ABT-737 as a selective Hh inhibitor resulting in active suppression of human Hh-dependent MB cells. Mechanistically, ABT-737 suppressed Hh signals far-downstream of Smo and Sufu at Gli transcriptional effector level. In line with this, ABT-737 potentially inhibited wild-type and drug-resistant mutant Smo. More importantly, ABT-737 also delayed the growth of drug-refractory Hh-dependent MB xenografts derived from genetically engineered mouse model in vivo. These findings identify ABT-737 as a therapeutical substance for cancers with excessive Hh signaling activity, especially for those with primary or acquired resistance to Smo inhibitors in clinic.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Cerebelares , Meduloblastoma , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Bifenilo , Proteínas Hedgehog , Humanos , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Nitrofenóis , Piperazinas , Sulfonamidas , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/genética , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
11.
Investig Clin Urol ; 63(5): 563-568, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068002

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction rates between intralesional verapamil (ILV) and collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injections in males with Peyronie's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following ethics approval, PD patients were prospectively enrolled in this open-label non-blinded study. Patients were randomised to receive ILV or CCH injections with penile remodelling every fortnightly for 6 courses. Patient demographics, change in penile curvature, International Index of Erectile Function-15 and Peyronie's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ) scores as well as overall patient satisfaction and Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) scores were recorded at pre-treatment and 6-, 12- and 24-month post-treatment. RESULTS: A total of 50 males were recruited and divided into ILV (n=25) and CCH (n=25) groups. The mean changes in penile curvature were -16.8 (standard deviation [SD] 7.65) degrees in ILV and -28.2 (SD 11.5) degrees in CCH groups (p<0.01). Patients in the CCH group scored better than the ILV group on the PDQ psychosexual symptoms (-2.14 vs. -2.9; p<0.01) and symptom bother score (-3.88 vs. -4.16; p=0.08). Minor treatment-related adverse events were more common in the CCH group. The overall satisfaction rate on a 5-point scale was 4.1 in ILV and 4.5 in CCH groups, and there was no statistically significant difference in the PGI-I scores between the 2 groups (p=0.14). CONCLUSIONS: CCH therapy is more effective than ILV to treat a carefully selected group of males with PD, with a reasonable safety profile and a higher high level of patient satisfaction rate in the short term.


Assuntos
Colagenase Microbiana , Induração Peniana , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Colagenase Microbiana/uso terapêutico , Satisfação do Paciente , Induração Peniana/tratamento farmacológico , Pênis , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Verapamil/uso terapêutico
12.
Cells ; 11(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078137

RESUMO

Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) sheets have attracted much attention in cell therapy. However, the culture media and coating matrix used for the preparation of UC-MSC sheets have not been safe enough to comply with current clinical drug standards. Moreover, the UC-MSC sheet preservation systems developed before did not comply with Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) regulations. In this study, the culture medium and coating matrix were developed for UC-MSC sheet production to comply with clinical drug standards. Additionally, the GMP-compliant preservation solution and method for the UC-MSC sheet were developed. Then, quality standards of the UC-MSC sheet were formulated according to national and international regulations for drugs. Finally, the production process of UC-MSC sheets on a large scale was standardized, and three batches of trial production were conducted and tested to meet the established quality standards. This research provides the possibility for clinical trials of UC-MSC sheet products in the development stage of new drugs and lays the foundation for industrial large-scale production after the new drug is launched.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Cordão Umbilical , Meios de Cultura , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079686

RESUMO

Radish is a typical self-incompatible crop. The rapid and accurate identification of S haplotypes can circumvent the blindness of the hybrid combination process, which is critical in radish heterosis utilization and the breeding of new varieties. In this study, based on the gene sequence which encodes the S-locus receptor kinase (SRK) of radish, and the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis, the S haplotypes were identified among 79 cultivated radish genotypes. The PCR results indicated that 79 radish genotypes could be divided into 48 Class I, 13 Class II, and 17 Class I/II S haplotypes. Sequence alignment confirmed that the Class I materials contained 19 S haplotypes, of which three haplotypes ('NAU-S53', 'NAU-S54' and 'NAU-S55') were identified for the first time in radish. After digestion using the Hinf I restriction endonuclease, the SRK domain of DNA fragments of different genotypes showed high polymorphism. Homozygous materials S haplotypes could be quickly distinguished by the differences in the digested bands. Molecular identification of the S haplotype was highly consistent with the field pollination and pollen tube germination results. These results would provide an important approach for the rapid identification of radish S haplotypes and the efficient utilization of self-incompatibility in heterosis breeding.

14.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 992988, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090349

RESUMO

Background: Previous research has revealed that plasma leptin levels were closely related to glycolipid metabolism in schizophrenic patients. Insulin resistance (IR) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were involved in glucolipid metabolism disorders. This study explored the correlation between plasma higher leptin levels, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, hs-CRP and glycolipid metabolism in patients with chronic schizophrenia (CS). Methods: 322 subjects were enrolled, and the psychopathological symptoms of each patient were assessed by a 30-item Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS-30). Patients' plasma leptin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined by oxidase method. Insulin levels were tested by electrochemiluminescence, and hs-CRP levels were tested by immunoturbidimetry. IBM SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. Results: Compared to the lower leptin group, patients in the higher leptin group had significantly higher body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), insulin, HOMA-IR and hs-CRP levels; and lower negative factor scores, cognitive factor scores, and PANSS total scores (P < 0.05). Plasma leptin levels in CS patients were positively correlated with BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, insulin, HOMA-IR and hs-CRP levels, and were negatively correlated with gender (male = 1, Female = 2), positive factor scores, negative factor scores, cognitive factor scores and PANSS total scores. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that gender, BMI, positive factor scores, PANSS total scores, FBG, LDL-C, insulin, HOMA-IR and hs-CRP levels were independent influencing factors of leptin levels in CS patients (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Gender, BMI, positive factor scores, PANSS total scores, FBG, LDL-C, insulin, HOMA-IR and hs-CRP levels were independent influencing factors of plasma leptin levels in CS patients. Plasma leptin, HOMA-IR and hs-CRP levels should be measured regularly in CS patients to prevent or treat the disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism comorbidity with schizophrenia patients in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6790665, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082155

RESUMO

Since the early 1980s when MRI imaging technology was put into clinical use, the number of MRI clinical tests has steadily increased by more than 10% every year. At the same time, exogenous MRI contrast agents have also been developed with the development of MRI technology. However, there are still challenges in the preparation of contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging, such as how to prepare high-efficiency contrast agents with high stability and low biological toxicity. In order to study the contrast agent with simple preparation method, low cost, and good imaging effect, a magnetic resonance contrast agent was prepared by magnetic nanoparticles. By acting on magnetic resonance imaging detection method, and using polymer ligands to synthesize magnetic nanoparticles, experiments and tests of P(MA-alt-VAc) polymer ligand-modified magnetic nanoparticles were carried out. The experimental results showed that when nanoparticles containing different iron ion concentrations were incubated with DC 2.4 normal cells for 48 hours, the cell viability was still higher than 80% at concentrations up to 200 µm. It shows that the nanoparticle has high cell activity and good biological adaptability. The transverse relaxation (r 2) value of the nanoparticles in aqueous solution at 37°C and 1.5 T magnetic field is 231.1 m-1 s-1, which is much higher than that of PTMP-PMAA (r 2 = 35.1 mM-1 s-1), which is also more than five times the relaxation of SHU-555C (r 2 = 44 mM-1 s-1). It shows that the nanoparticles prepared in this paper have good effect and can be used as a contrast agent in human brain for magnetic resonance imaging.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Polímeros
16.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1517280, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045960

RESUMO

It is well known that stability, center-of-gravity balance, and concentrated-weight are key factors of the transportation safety. The reasonable formulation of the loading layout scheme ensures the safety of shipment based on fully utilizing the effective volume and load capacity of freight vehicles. This paper takes the railway mixed goods loading layout as the research object, considering the constraints such as goods loading center-of-gravity balance, the allowable moment of concentrated-weight, supporting and goods placement mode, and taking the maximum comprehensive utilization rates for both effective volume and load capacity of freight vehicle as the optimization objective, an optimization model of railway mixed goods balanced and anticoncentrated-weight loading layout considering stability is built. Additionally, this paper designs mixed goods classified and simple/general goods block composition methods. We improve the representation and selection of layout space, construct goods block selection algorithm based on the greedy d-step lookahead tree search and goods block evaluation function and propose a goods block placement strategy and update rules of layout space after goods block placement. An optimization algorithm of railway mixed goods balanced and anticoncentrated-weight load layout considering stability is designed. The results show that the formulated scheme not only ensures that the goods meet the full support constraints, but also the comprehensive utilization rate of the effective volume and load capacity of the vehicle is not less than 89%, and the probability of meeting the loading center-of-gravity balance and allowable moment of concentrated-weight are as high as 99% and 99.47%, respectively. The proposed method realizes the balanced and anticoncentrated-weight loading of railway mixed goods, ensures the safe, stable, and efficient goods loading, and provides decision support for the safe loading layout of railway goods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Meios de Transporte
17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 1478181, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046762

RESUMO

Background: Radiotherapy is one of the major strategies for treating tumors, and it inevitably causes damage to relevant tissues and organs during treatment. Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) refers to radiation-induced cardiovascular adverse effects caused by thoracic radiotherapy. Currently, there is no uniform standard in the treatment of RIHD. Methods: In our group study, by administering a dose of 4 Gy radiation, we established a radiation injured cardiomyocyte model and explored the regulatory relationship between tanshinone IIA and p38 MAPK in cardiomyocyte injury. We assessed cell damage and proliferation using clonogenic assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. The measures of antioxidant activity and oxidative stress were conducted using superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The apoptosis rate and the relative expression of apoptotic proteins were conducted using flow cytometry and western blot. To assess p38 and p53 expressions and phosphorylation levels, western blot was performed. Results: Experimental results suggested that tanshinone IIA restored cell proliferation in radiation-induced cardiomyocyte injury (∗∗P < 0.01), and the level of LDH release decreased (∗P < 0.05). Meanwhile, tanshinone IIA could decrease the ROS generation induced by radiation (∗∗P < 0.01) and upregulate the SOD level (∗∗P < 0.01). Again, tanshinone IIA reduced radiation-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis (∗∗P < 0.01). Finally, tanshinone IIA downregulated radiation-induced p38/p53 overexpression (∗∗∗P < 0.001). Conclusions: The treatment effects of tanshinone IIA against radiation-induced myocardial injury may be through the regulation of the p38/p53 pathway.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Abietanos , Apoptose , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 936700, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091526

RESUMO

Objective: College students are one of the most vulnerable populations to the COVID-19 pandemic's mental health effects. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, we wanted to see how common depressive symptoms were among college students and what factors contributed to that. Methods: Between 21 and 27 May 2021, 140,259 college students from three cities in Henan Province, China, were involved. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to determine depressive symptoms (PHQ-9). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for potential depressive symptom factors. Results: Mild depressive symptoms and above are present in 21.12% of college students. Women had a higher prevalence of mild depressive symptoms than men (61.38 vs. 59.75%), and depressive symptoms were most prevalent among rural students and least prevalent among city students (21.44 vs. 20.29%). Participants with depressive symptoms are also more likely to have a poor-behavioral status. From none-to-severe depressive symptoms, 78.88, 15.78, 2.80, 1.67, and 0.88% had them. Gender, residential location, and behavioral status were found to be associated with depressive symptoms after adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion: This cross-sectional study identified the factors that influence the prevalence of depression in college students. It found that the government should pay more attention to mental health issues affecting college students in combating the COVID-19 epidemic normalization.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes/psicologia
20.
J Ovarian Res ; 15(1): 106, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a common gynecological cancer with poor prognosis and poses a serious threat to woman life and health. In this study, we aimed to establish a prognostic signature for the risk assessment of ovarian cancer. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset was used as the training set and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) dataset was set as an independent external validation. A multi-stage screening strategy was used to determine the prognostic features of ovarian cancer with R software. The relationship between the prognosis of ovarian cancer and the expression level of SLC25A10 was selected for further analysis. RESULTS: A total of 16 prognosis-associated genes were screened to construct the risk score signature. Survival analysis showed that patients in the high-risk score group had a poor prognosis compared to the low-risk group. Accuracy of this prognostic signature was confirmed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and decision curve analysis (DCA), and validated with ICGC cohort. This signature was identified as an independent factor for predicting overall survival (OS). Nomogram constructed by multiple clinical parameters showed excellent performance for OS prediction. Finally, it's found that patients with low expression of SLC25A10 generally had poor survival and higher resistance to most chemotherapeutic drugs. CONCLUSIONS: In sum, we developed a 16-gene prognostic signature, which could serve as a promising tool for the prognostic prediction of ovarian cancer, and the expression level of SLC25A10 was tightly associated with OS of the patients.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Transportadores de Ácidos Dicarboxílicos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico
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