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1.
Acta Biomater ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579918

RESUMO

Given the crucial role of periosteum in bone repair, the use of artificial periosteum to induce spontaneous bone healing instead of using bone substitutes has become a potential strategy. Also, the proper transition from pro-inflammatory signals to anti-inflammatory signals is pivotal for achieving optimal repair outcomes. Hence, we designed an artificial periosteum loaded with a filamentous bacteriophage clone named P11, featuring an aligned fiber morphology. P11 endowed the artificial periosteum with the capacity to recruit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The artificial periosteum also regulated the immune microenvironment at the bone injury site through the synergistic effects of biochemical factors and topography. Specifically, the inclusion of P11 preserved inflammatory signaling in macrophages and additionally facilitated the migration of BMSCs. Subsequently, aligned fibers stimulated macrophages, inducing alterations in cytoskeletal and metabolic activities, resulting in the polarization into the M2 phenotype. This progression encouraged the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs and promoted vascularization. In vivo experiments showed that the new bone generated in the AP group exhibited the most efficient healing pattern. Overall, the integration of biochemical factors with topographical considerations for sequential immunomodulation during bone repair indicates a promising approach for artificial periosteum development. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The appropriate transition of macrophages from a pro-inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory phenotype is pivotal for achieving optimal bone repair outcomes. Hence, we designed an artificial periosteum featuring an aligned fiber morphology and loaded with specific phage clones. The artificial periosteum not only fostered the recruitment of BMSCs but also achieved sequential regulation of the immune microenvironment through the synergistic effects of biochemical factors and topography, and improved the effect of bone repair. This study indicates that the integration of biochemical factors with topographical considerations for sequential immunomodulation during bone repair is a promising approach for artificial periosteum development.

2.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1339955, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634045

RESUMO

We report a case of recurrent retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma in a male who achieved a rapid and robust but transient clinical response to low-dose iodine-125 brachytherapy. A FANCD2 frameshift mutation was detected by gene sequencing in the cancerous tissue.

3.
Foods ; 13(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611344

RESUMO

Yanbian cattle have a unique meat flavor, and high-grade meat is in short supply. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to improve the added value of Yanbian cattle low-fat meat and provide a theoretical reference for the subsequent development of an excellent starter. Rump meat from Yanbian cattle was dry-aged and then screened for protease-producing fungi. Three protease-producing fungi (Yarrowia hollandica (D4 and D11), Penicillium oxalicum (D5), and Meesziomyces ophidis (D20)) were isolated from 40 d dry-aged beef samples, and their ability to hydrolyze proteins was determined using bovine sarcoplasmic protein extract. SDS-PAGE showed that the ability of Penicillium oxalicum (D5) to degrade proteins was stronger than the other two fungi. In addition, the volatile component content of sarcoplasmic proteins in the D5 group was the highest (45.47%) and comprised the most species (26 types). Metabolic pathway analysis of the fermentation broth showed that phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis was the most closely related metabolic pathway in sarcoplasmic protein fermentation by Penicillium oxalicum (D5). Dry-aged beef-isolated Penicillium oxalicum serves as a potential starter culture for the fermentation of meat products.

4.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611578

RESUMO

In order to determine the distribution area and amount of Artemisia annua Linn. (A. annua) in China, this study estimated the current amount of A. annua specimens based on the field survey sample data obtained from the Fourth National Census of Chinese Medicinal Resources. The amount was calculated using the maximum entropy model (MaxEnt model) and spatio-temporal kriging interpolation. The influencing factors affecting spatial variations in the amount were studied using geographic probes. The results indicated that the amount of A. annua in China was about 700 billion in 2019. A. annua was mainly distributed in the circular coastal belt of Shandong Peninsula, central Hebei, Tianjin, western Liaoning, and along the Yangtze River and in the middle and lower reaches of Jiangsu, Anhui, and the northern Chongqing provinces. The main factors affecting the amount are the precipitation in the wettest and the warmest seasons, the average annual precipitation, and the average temperature in the coldest and the driest seasons. The results show that the amount of A. annua is strongly influenced by precipitation and temperature.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(15): 19150-19157, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563649

RESUMO

High-temperature piezoelectric materials, which enable the accurate and reliable sensing of physical parameters to guarantee the functional operation of various systems under harsh conditions, are highly demanded. To this end, both large piezoelectricity and high Curie temperature are pivotal figures of merit (FOMs) for high-temperature piezoceramics. Unfortunately, despite intensive pursuits, it remains a formidable challenge to unravel the inverse correlation between these FOMs. Herein, a conceptual material paradigm of multiscale structural engineering was proposed to address this dilemma. The synergistic effects of phase structure reminiscent of a polymorphic phase boundary and refined domain morphology simultaneously contribute to a large piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 30.3 pC/N and a high Curie temperature TC of 740 °C in (LiCeNd) codoped Na0.5Bi2.5Nb2O9 (NBN-LCN) ceramics. More encouragingly, the system has exceptional thermal stability and is nonsusceptible to mechanical loading. This study not only demonstrates that the high-performance and robust NBN-LCN high-temperature piezoceramics hold great potential for implements under harsh conditions but also opens an avenue for integrating antagonistic properties for the enhancement of the collective performance in functional materials.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(15): 8823-8830, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578074

RESUMO

Emetic Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), which can cause emetic food poisoning and in some cases even fulminant liver failure and death, has aroused widespread concern. Herein, a universal and naked-eye diagnostic platform for emetic B. cereus based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA)-assisted CRISPR/Cas12a was developed by targeting the cereulide synthetase biosynthetic gene (cesB). The diagnostic platform enabled one-pot detection by adding components at the bottom and cap of the tube separately. The visual limit of detection of RPA-CRISPR/Cas12a for gDNA and cells of emetic B. cereus was 10-2 ng µL-1 and 102 CFU mL-1, respectively. Meanwhile, it maintained the same sensitivity in the rice, milk, and cooked meat samples even if the gDNA was extracted by simple boiling. The whole detection process can be finished within 40 min, and the single cell of emetic B. cereus was able to be recognized through enrichment for 2-5 h. The good specificity, high sensitivity, rapidity, and simplicity of the RPA-assisted CRISPR/Cas12a diagnostic platform made it serve as a potential tool for the on-site detection of emetic B. cereus in food matrices. In addition, the RPA-assisted CRISPR/Cas12a assay is the first application in emetic B. cereus detection.


Assuntos
Eméticos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Recombinases/genética , Bacillus cereus/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética
7.
Plants (Basel) ; 13(6)2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592838

RESUMO

Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a perennial, high-quality forage grass. However, its seed yield is influenced by agronomic practices, climatic conditions, and the growing year. The rapid and effective prediction of seed yield can assist growers in making informed production decisions and reducing agricultural risks. Our field trial design followed a completely randomized block design with four blocks and three nitrogen levels (0, 100, and 200 kg·N·ha-1) during 2022 and 2023. Data on the remote vegetation index (RVI), the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the leaf nitrogen content (LNC), and the leaf area index (LAI) were collected at heading, anthesis, and milk stages. Multiple linear regression (MLR), support vector machine (SVM), and random forest (RF) regression models were utilized to predict seed yield. In 2022, the results indicated that nitrogen application provided a sufficiently large range of variation of seed yield (ranging from 45.79 to 379.45 kg ha⁻¹). Correlation analysis showed that the indices of the RVI, the NDVI, the LNC, and the LAI in 2022 presented significant positive correlation with seed yield, and the highest correlation coefficient was observed at the heading stage. The data from 2022 were utilized to formulate a predictive model for seed yield. The results suggested that utilizing data from the heading stage produced the best prediction performance. SVM and RF outperformed MLR in prediction, with RF demonstrating the highest performance (R2 = 0.75, RMSE = 51.93 kg ha-1, MAE = 29.43 kg ha-1, and MAPE = 0.17). Notably, the accuracy of predicting seed yield for the year 2023 using this model had decreased. Feature importance analysis of the RF model revealed that LNC was a crucial indicator for predicting smooth bromegrass seed yield. Further studies with an expanded dataset and integration of weather data are needed to improve the accuracy and generalizability of the model and adaptability for the growing year.

8.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1381779, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595789

RESUMO

Background: To identify key and shared insulin resistance (IR) molecular signatures across all insulin-sensitive tissues (ISTs), and their potential targeted drugs. Methods: Three datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were acquired, in which the ISTs (fat, muscle, and liver) were from the same individual with obese mice. Integrated bioinformatics analysis was performed to obtain the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was carried out to determine the "most significant trait-related genes" (MSTRGs). Enrichment analysis and PPI network were performed to find common features and novel hub genes in ISTs. The shared genes of DEGs and genes between DEGs and MSTRGs across four ISTs were identified as key IR therapeutic target. The Attie Lab diabetes database and obese rats were used to verify candidate genes. A medical drug-gene interaction network was conducted by using the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) to find potential targeted drugs. The candidate drug was validated in Hepa1-6 cells. Results: Lipid metabolic process, mitochondrion, and oxidoreductase activity as common features were enriched from ISTs under an obese context. Thirteen shared genes (Ubd, Lbp, Hp, Arntl, Cfd, Npas2, Thrsp., Tpx2, Pkp1, Sftpd, Mthfd2, Tnfaip2, and Vnn3) of DEGs across ISTs were obtained and confirmed. Among them, Ubd was the only shared gene between DEGs and MSTRGs across four ISTs. The expression of Ubd was significantly upregulated across four ISTs in obese rats, especially in the liver. The IR Hepa1-6 cell models treated with dexamethasone (Dex), palmitic acid (PA), and 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib) had elevated expression of Ubd. Knockdown of Ubd increased the level of p-Akt. A lowing Ubd expression drug, promethazine (PMZ) from CTD analysis rescued the decreased p-Akt level in IR Hepa1-6 cells. Conclusion: This study revealed Ubd, a novel and shared IR molecular signature across four ISTs, as an effective biomarker and provided new insight into the mechanisms of IR. PMZ was a candidate drug for IR which increased p-Akt level and thus improved IR by targeting Ubd and downregulation of Ubd expression. Both Ubd and PMZ merit further clinical translational investigation to improve IR.

9.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593344

RESUMO

Blocking CSF-1/CSF-1R pathway has emerged as a promising strategy to remodel tumor immune microenvironment (TME) by reprogramming tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). In this work, a novel CSF-1R inhibitor C19 with a highly improved pharmacokinetic profile and in vivo anticolorectal cancer (CRC) efficiency was successfully discovered. C19 could effectively reprogram M2-like TAMs to M1 phenotype and reshape the TME by inducing the recruitment of CD8+ T cells into tumors and reducing the infiltration of immunosuppressive Tregs/MDSCs. Deeper mechanistic studies revealed that C19 facilitated the infiltration of CD8+ T cells by enhancing the secretion of chemokine CXCL9, thus significantly potentiating the anti-CRC efficiency of PD-1 blockade. More importantly, C19 combined with PD-1 mAb could induce durable antitumor immune memory, effectively overcoming the recurrence of CRC. Taken together, our findings suggest that C19 is a promising therapeutic option for sensitizing CRC to anti-PD-1 therapy.

10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108589, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593485

RESUMO

Carotenoids are important pigmented nutrients synthesized by tomato fruits during ripening. To reveal the molecular mechanism underlying carotenoid synthesis during tomato fruit ripening, we analyzed carotenoid metabolites and transcriptomes in six development stages of tomato fruits. A total of thirty different carotenoids were detected and quantified in tomato fruits from 10 to 60 DPA. Based on differential gene expression profiles and WGCNA, we explored several genes that were highly significant and negatively correlated with lycopene, all of which encode fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins (FLAs). The FLAs are involved in plant signal transduction, however the functional role of these proteins has not been studied in tomato. Genome-wide analysis revealed that cultivated and wild tomato species contained 18 to 22 FLA family members, clustered into four groups, and mainly evolved by means of segmental duplication. The functional characterization of FLAs showed that silencing of SlFLA1, 5, and 13 were found to contribute to the early coloration of tomato fruits, and the expression of carotenoid synthesis-related genes was up-regulated in fruits that changed phenotypically, especially in SlFLA13-silenced plants. Furthermore, the content of multiple carotenoids (including (E/Z)-phytoene, lycopene, γ-carotene, and α-carotene) was significantly increased in SlFLA13-silenced fruits, suggesting that SlFLA13 has a potential inhibitory function in regulating carotenoid synthesis in tomato fruits. The results of the present study broaden the idea of analyzing the biological functions of tomato FLAs and preliminary evidence for the inhibitory role of SlFLA13 in carotenoid synthesis in fruit, providing the theoretical basis and a candidate for improving tomato fruit quality.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of Chinese patients with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ)-induced pigmentation and analyze the potential risk factors associated with HCQ-induced pigmentation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a duration of 7 months, during which patients who had received HCQ treatment for >6 months were included. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire that encompassed demographic and geographic characteristics, information on HCQ and concomitant medication usage, sun exposure characteristics, and hyperpigmentation-related characteristics. Univariate and multivariate analyses were employed to calculate the statistical association between HCQ-induced pigmentation and multiple variables. RESULTS: Out of 316 patients, 83 (26.3%) patients presented hyperpigmentation during HCQ treatment. Hyperpigmentation presented after a median duration of HCQ treatment of 12 months (interquartile range, 6.0 months-30.0 months) with a median cumulative dose of 108 g of HCQ (interquartile range, 36-288 g). The most frequently affected sites of pigmentation were the face (60.2%), lower limbs (36.1%), and hands (20.5%). There was a linear decrease in the incidence of pigmentation with increasing daily sun exposure time (p= 0.030). In the multivariate analysis, variables (cumulative HCQ dose and daily sun exposure time) were included in the final models. The results revealed an independent correlation between HCQ-induced pigmentation and daily sun exposure exceeding 1 h (OR: 0.431; 95%CI: 0.208-0.892; p= 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of HCQ-induced pigmentation is not uncommon, with an incidence rate of 26.3%. Daily sun exposure time exhibited a protective effect against HCQ-induced pigmentation.

12.
Int J Mol Med ; 53(5)2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577935

RESUMO

Histone chaperones serve a pivotal role in maintaining human physiological processes. They interact with histones in a stable manner, ensuring the accurate and efficient execution of DNA replication, repair and transcription. Retinoblastoma binding protein (RBBP)4 and RBBP7 represent a crucial pair of histone chaperones, which not only govern the molecular behavior of histones H3 and H4, but also participate in the functions of several protein complexes, such as polycomb repressive complex 2 and nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase, thereby regulating the cell cycle, histone modifications, DNA damage and cell fate. A strong association has been indicated between RBBP4/7 and some major human diseases, such as cancer, age­related memory loss and infectious diseases. The present review assesses the molecular mechanisms of RBBP4/7 in regulating cellular biological processes, and focuses on the variations in RBBP4/7 expression and their potential mechanisms in various human diseases, thus providing new insights for their diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Histonas , Fatores de Transcrição , Humanos , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína 4 de Ligação ao Retinoblastoma/química , Proteína 4 de Ligação ao Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Chaperonas de Histonas/genética , Chaperonas de Histonas/química , Chaperonas de Histonas/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular
13.
ACS Omega ; 9(13): 15040-15051, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585058

RESUMO

The photoelectric characteristics of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) films significantly affect the power conversion efficiency and stability of Si/PEDOT:PSS hybrid solar cells. In this paper, we investigated PEDOT:PSS modification with alcohol ether solvents (dipropylene glycol methyl ether (DPM) and propylene glycol phenyl ether (PPH)). The reduction of PSS content and the transformation of the PEDOT chain from benzene to a quinone structure in PEDOT:PSS induced by doping with DPM or PPH are the reasons for the improved conductivity of PEDOT:PSS films. DPM and PPH doping improves the quality of silicon with the PEDOT:PSS heterojunction and silicon surface passivation, thereby reducing the surface recombination of charge carriers, which improves the photovoltaic performance of Si/PEDOT:PSS solar cells. Comparing the power conversion performance (PCE) and air stability of Si/PEDOT:PSS solar cells with DPM (13.24%), DPH (13.51%), ethylene glycol (EG, 13.07%), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, 12.62%), it is suggested that doping with DPM and DPH can replace DMSO and EG to enhance the performance of Si/PEDOT:PSS solar cells. The EG and DMSO solvents not only have a certain toxicity to the human body but also are not environmentally friendly. In comparison to DMSO and EG, DPM and DPH are more economical and environmentally friendly, helping to reduce the manufacturing cost of Si/PEDOT:PSS solar cells and making them more conducive to their commercial applications.

14.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1338025, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558798

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation between SIRI and the probability of cardiovascular mortality as well as all-cause mortality in individuals with chronic kidney disease. Methods: A cohort of 3,262 participants from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database were included in the study. We categorized participants into five groups based on the stage of chronic kidney disease. A weighted Cox regression model was applied to assess the relationship between SIRI and mortality. Subgroup analyses, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and ROC curves were conducted. Additionally, restricted cubic spline analysis was employed to elucidate the detailed association between SIRI and hazard ratio (HR). Results: This study included a cohort of 3,262 individuals, of whom 1,535 were male (weighted proportion: 42%), and 2,216 were aged 60 or above (weighted proportion: 59%). Following adjustments for covariates like age, sex, race, and education, elevated SIRI remained a significant independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality (HR=2.50, 95%CI: 1.62-3.84, p<0.001) and all-cause mortality (HR=3.02, 95%CI: 2.03-4.51, p<0.001) in CKD patients. The restricted cubic spline analysis indicated a nonlinear relationship between SIRI and cardiovascular mortality, with SIRI>1.2 identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients. Conclusion: Heightened SIRI independently poses a risk for both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in chronic kidney disease patients, with potentially heightened significance in the early stages (Stage I to Stage III) of chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica
15.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(4): e1231, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a globally prevalent respiratory disease, and programmed cell death plays a pivotal role in the development of COPD. Disulfidptosis is a newly discovered type of cell death that may be associated with the progression of COPD. However, the expression and role of disulfidptosis-related genes (DRGs) in COPD remain unclear. METHODS: The expression of DRGs was identified by analyzing RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data in COPD. Further, COPD patients were classified into two subtypes by unsupervised cluster analysis to reveal their differences in gene expression and immune infiltration. Meanwhile, hub genes associated with disulfidptosis were screened by weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Subsequently, the hub genes were validated experimentally in cells and animals. In addition, we screened potential therapeutic drugs through the hub genes. RESULTS: We identified two distinct molecular clusters and observed significant differences in immune cell populations between them. In addition, we screened nine hub genes, and experimental validation showed that CDC71, DOHH, PDAP1, and SLC25A39 were significantly upregulated in cigarette smoke-induced COPD mouse lung tissues and bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) treated with cigarette smoke extract. Finally, we predicted 10 potential small molecule drugs such as Atovaquone, Taurocholic acid, Latamoxef, and Methotrexate. CONCLUSION: We highlighted the strong association between COPD and disulfidptosis, with DRGs demonstrating a discriminative capacity for COPD. Additionally, the expression of certain novel genes, including CDC71, DOHH, PDAP1, and SLC25A39, is linked to COPD and may aid in the diagnosis and assessment of this condition.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Apoptose , Atovaquona , Análise por Conglomerados , Células Epiteliais , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular
16.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23562, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578557

RESUMO

Our recent investigation has indicated that the global deletion of MBD2 can mitigate the progression of AKI induced by VAN. Nevertheless, the role and regulatory mechanisms of proximal tubular MBD2 in this pathophysiological process have yet to be elucidated. Our preceding investigation revealed that autophagy played a crucial role in advancing AKI induced by VAN. Consequently, we postulated that MBD2 present in the proximal tubule could upregulate the autophagic process to expedite the onset of AKI. In the present study, we found for the first time that MBD2 mediated the autophagy production induced by VAN. Through the utilization of miRNA chip analysis, we have mechanistically demonstrated that MBD2 initiates the activation of miR-597-5p through promoter demethylation. This process leads to the suppression of S1PR1, which results in the induction of autophagy and apoptosis in renal tubular cells. Besides, PT-MBD2-KO reduced autophagy to attenuate VAN-induced AKI via regulation of the miR-597-5p/S1PR1 axis, which was reversed by rapamycin. Finally, the overexpression of MBD2 aggravated the diminished VAN-induced AKI in autophagy-deficient mice (PT-Atg7-KO). These data demonstrate that proximal tubular MBD2 facilitated the process of autophagy via the miR-597-5p/S1PR1 axis and subsequently instigated VAN-induced AKI through the induction of apoptosis. The potentiality of MBD2 being a target for AKI was established.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Vancomicina , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Rim , MicroRNAs/genética , Apoptose/fisiologia , Autofagia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37386, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of continuity nursing based on the theory of Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) on the quality of life, self-efficacy, and treatment compliance in elderly patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: In this single-center, randomized controlled study, a total of 232 elderly BPH patients who received treatment at our hospital from June 2020 to June 2022 were selected as the research subjects. They were randomly divided into the research group (n = 116) and the control group (n = 116). The control group received conventional interventions, while the research group received continuity nursing based on the theory of KAP on the basis of control group. Anxiety, depression, self-care agency, quality of life, self-efficacy, treatment compliance, and nursing satisfaction were compared between these 2 groups. RESULTS: Before nursing intervention, both groups showed a decrease in SAS and SDS scores after the intervention. Furthermore, self-care ability, self-care responsibility, self-concept, health knowledge level, role function, emotional function, somatic function, cognitive function, social function, and General Self-Efficacy Scale scores increased. Additionally, the research group demonstrated lower/higher levels than the control group (P < .05). The research group exhibited higher treatment compliance (P = .002) and greater nursing satisfaction compared to the control group (P = .014). CONCLUSION: Continuity nursing based on the theory of KAP can improve negative emotions in elderly BPH patients, enhance their self-efficacy and treatment compliance, and achieve better clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Masculino , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Cooperação do Paciente , Cognição
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(7)2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612025

RESUMO

This study combined inorganic α-hemihydrate gypsum (α-HHG) with organic polyacrylamide (PAM) hydrogel to create a novel α-HHG/PAM composite material. Through this facile composite strategy, this fabricated material exhibited a significantly longer initial setting time and higher mechanical strength compared to α-HHG. The effects of the addition amount and the concentration of PAM precursor solution on the flowability of the α-HHG/PAM composite material slurry, initial setting time, and mechanical properties of the hardened specimens were investigated. The structural characteristics of the composite material were examined using XRD, FE-SEM, and TGA. The results showed that the initial setting time of the α-HHG/PAM composite material was 25.7 min, which is an extension of 127.43% compared to that of α-HHG. The flexural strength and compressive strength of the oven-dried specimens were 23.4 MPa and 58.6 MPa, respectively, representing increases of 34.73% and 84.86% over values for α-HHG. The XRD, FE-SEM, and TGA results all indicated that the hydration of α-HHG in the composite material was incomplete. The incompleteness is caused by the competition between the hydration process of inorganic α-HHG and the gelation process of the acrylamide molecules for water, which hinders some α-HHG from entirely reacting with water. The enhanced mechanical strength of the α-HHG/PAM composite material results from the tight interweaving and integrating of organic and inorganic networks. This study provides a concise and efficient approach to the modification research of hemihydrate gypsum.

19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment and prognosis of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been a major medical challenge. Unraveling the landscape of tumor immune infiltrating cells (TIICs) in the immune microenvironment of HCC is of great significance to probe the molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Based on single-cell data of HCC, the cell landscape was revealed from the perspective of TIICs. Special cell subpopulations were determined by the expression levels of marker genes. Differential expression analysis was conducted. The activity of each subpopulation was determined based on the highly expressed genes. CTLA4+ T-cell subpopulations affecting the prognosis of HCC were determined based on survival analysis. A single-cell regulatory network inference and clustering analysis was also performed to determine the transcription factor regulatory networks in the CTLA4+ T cell subpopulations. RESULTS: 10 cell types were identified and NK cells and T cells showed high abundance in tumor tissues. Two NK cells subpopulations were present, FGFBP2+ NK cells, B3GNT7+ NK cells. Four T cells subpopulations were present, LAG3+ T cells, CTLA4+ T cells, RCAN3+ T cells, and HPGDS+ Th2 cells. FGFBP2+ NK cells, and CTLA4+ T cells were the exhaustive subpopulation. High CTLA4+ T cells contributed to poor prognostic outcomes and promoted tumor progression. Finally, a network of transcription factors regulated by NR3C1, STAT1, and STAT3, which were activated, was present in CTLA4+ T cells. CONCLUSION: CTLA4+ T cell subsets in HCC exhibited functional exhaustion characteristics that probably inhibited T cell function through a transcription factor network dominated by NR3C1, STAT1, and STAT3.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(32): 4362-4365, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563154

RESUMO

A selective intermolecular Schmidt reaction of equilibrating hydroxyalkyl allylic azides is reported to afford N-hydroxyalk-1-en-3-yl lactams in modest to high yields. For prochiral and chiral ketones, modest to high 1,5-diastereoselectivity was achieved, and the mechanistic analysis is supported by DFT calculation.

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