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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926109

RESUMO

pre-mRNA processing factor 3 (PRPF3) is an RNA binding protein in a core component of the exon junction complex. Abnormal PRPF3 expression is potentially associated with carcinogenesis. However, the biological role of PRPF3 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains to be determined. We analyzed PRPF3 expression via multiple gene expression databases and identified its genetic alterations and functional networks using cBioPortal. Co-expressed genes with PRPF3 and its regulators were identified using LinkedOmics. The correlations between PRPF3 and cancer immune infiltrates were investigated via Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER). PRPF3 was found up-regulated with amplification in tumor tissues in multiple HCC cohorts. High PRPF3 expression was associated with poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Functional network analysis suggested that PRPF3 regulates spliceosome, DNA replication, and cell cycle signaling via pathways involving several cancer-related kinases and E2F family. Notably, PRPF3 expression was positively correlated with infiltrating levels of CD4+ T and CD8+ T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. PRPF3 expression showed strong correlations with diverse immune marker sets in HCC. These findings suggest that PRPF3 is correlated with prognosis and immune infiltrating in HCC, laying a foundation for further study of the immune regulatory role of PRPF3 in HCC.

2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(1): 12-26, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892842

RESUMO

Adverse cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with extremely high mortality rates worldwide. Although optimized medical therapy, Preservation of lusitropic and inotropic function and protection against adverse remodeling in ventricular structure remain relatively frequent. This study demonstrated that Andrographolide (Andr) significantly ameliorated adverse cardiac remodeling induced by myocardial infarction and improves contractile function in mice with LAD ligation compared with the control group. Briefly, Andr markedly attenuated cardiac fibrosis and relieved inflammation after myocardial infarction. Specifically, Andr significantly blocked oxidative stress and the nuclear translocation of p-P65 following myocardial infarction. At the mechanistic level, antioxidant effect of Andr was achieved through strengthening antioxidative stress capacity and attributed to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling. Consistently, H9C2 administrated with Andr showed a decreased oxidative stress caused by hypoxia precondition, but treatment with specific Nrf2 inhibitor (ML385) or the silence of Nrf2 blunted the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 Signaling and removed the protective effects of Andr in vitro. Thus, we suggest that Andr alleviates adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction through enhancing Nrf2 signaling pathway.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short implants (intra-bony length ≤ 8 mm) are generally considered as an alternative to bone augmentation in challenging situations; however, clinical evidence from large-scale studies with long follow-up regarding the application of short implants remains deficient. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the mid-term clinical outcomes of short implants supporting fixed prostheses in the posterior region, and to investigate the effects of the crown-to-implant ratio (C/I), and other patient-, implant-, prosthesis-relevant factors on the clinical conditions around short implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 180 Thommen short implants in 130 partially edentulous patients were enrolled in the study after 3 to 7 (mean 4.2) years of follow-up. Potential risk factors (patient sex and age, implant diameter and location, splinted vs single-tooth restorations, retention mode, anatomical and clinical C/I ratios) were evaluated according to the following outcomes: Implant survival, marginal bone loss (MBL), and mechanical and biological complications. RESULTS: In total, four implants in four patients failed as a result of peri-implantitis. The cumulative survival rate was 97.8% for implant-based analysis. The peri-implant MBL around 180 short implants was 0.90 ± 0.78 mm. The mean clinical C/I ratio was 1.16 ± 0.36. Correlation analysis revealed that the influence of the clinical C/I ratio and patient age were significant for MBL (P < .05), whereas other potential risk factors showed no significant association with the outcome. Among 180 short implants, 24 cases (13.3%) had biological complications and 32 cases (17.8%) had mechanical complications, respectively. Peri-implant MBL and complication rates around splinted and non-splinted implants were not statistically different. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, short implants supporting fixed prostheses in the posterior region achieved predictable clinical outcomes over a 3 to 7 year period. Within the range of 0.47 to 3.01, the higher the C/I ratio, the less the peri-implant MBL.

4.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 133: 109460, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874685

RESUMO

Synthetic enzyme complexes have been successfully used to accelerate the reaction rate of cascade enzyme biocatalysis. Protein scaffold-mediated enzyme complexes are often constructed by assembling cascade enzymes on the artificial protein scaffoldin to form sophisticated biomimetic architectures and enhance the catalytic efficiency of biocatalytic processes. However, the effects of the linker in scaffoldin on the performance of the enzyme complexes have not been clarified. In this study, a scaffoldin-mediated two-enzyme complex containing triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) and fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase/phosphatase (FBPA) was constructed, and the initial production rate of fructose 6-phosphate (F6P) was determined with different types of fine-tuning linkers. Enzyme complexes with linker length of 25 amino acids in scaffoldin exhibited the highest initial F6P production rate compared with linker length of 0, 10, or 57 amino acids in scaffoldin. This result indicated that an appropriate interdomain spacing between functional domains was required by multienzyme complexes to facilitate effective cascade catalysis. Then, the most popular flexible linker GGGGS (unit F) and rigid linker EAAAK (unit R) were introduced into this 25 amino acid linker to investigate the effect of linker flexibility on the initial reaction rate of the TIM-FBPA enzyme complex. The synthetic enzyme complex with the semirigid linker FRRRF in scaffoldin showed the highest initial F6P production rate of 10.16 µM/min, which indicates that the linker's amino acid composition in scaffoldin may lead to significant changes in the spatial architecture of the TIM-FBPA complex and consequently affect the initial reaction rate. Precise linker length and flexibility allow an appropriate interdomain conformation to enable efficient cascade reactions. Collectively, our results showed that fine-tuning the initial reaction rate of enzyme complexes is an integrated systematic engineering, including adjusting the multienzyme architecture, linker length, and linker flexibility, which provides rational guidance for designing effective multienzyme complexes in the future.

5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(1): 262-272, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854927

RESUMO

Water is an important pathway for human exposure to heavy metals. Accurate assessment of the health risks that are related to exposure to heavy metals in drinking and household water are required for the preparation of targeted health risk prevention measures. This study explores and identifies the health risks related to exposure to heavy metals via drinking and household water pathways in Xigu District, Lanzhou, northwestern China, using household water samples and survey data obtained during July-September 2015 (wet season) and December 2015-January 2016 (dry season). During each period, drinking water and household water that were available for use by children aged 0-5 and 6-17 years were sampled and a questionnaire on water-related behavior patterns was completed for each household. Cd, Cr, Pb, and As concentrations were analyzed in all water samples, and were used along with water-related exposure factors from the questionnaires to estimate exposure doses and associated health risks using models recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The results showed that the concentrations of Cd, Cr, Pb, and As in both drinking and household water samples did not exceed the relative thresholds defined in China's national water quality standards. The concentrations of heavy metals in household water were more affected by seasonal factors than of those of drinking water. The non-cancer and cancer risks were in the ranges of 2.82×10-8-2.43×10-2 and 7.55×10-9-3.62×10-5, respectively, which are within acceptable levels, although the non-cancer and cancer risks from drinking water were both higher than of those determined for household water. Furthermore, the non-cancer and cancer risks from household water for children aged 0-5 years were lower than of those for children aged 6-17 years in each period. However, the cancer risk from drinking water for children aged 0-5 years was lower than of that for children aged 6-17 years, whereas the reverse was found for non-cancer risks. This study indicates that Cd, Cr, Pb, and As in drinking and household water did not pose significant detrimental effects to human health, and that the refined exposure assessment used could reduce uncertainties in health risk assessments.


Assuntos
Água Potável/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Medição de Risco , Estações do Ano
6.
Insect Sci ; 27(1): 14-21, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246335

RESUMO

Manipulating an exogenous or endogenous gene of interest at a defined level is critical for a wide variety of experiments. The Gal4/UAS system has been widely used to direct gene expression for studying complex genetic and biological problems in Drosophila melanogaster and other model organisms. Driven by a given tissue-specific Gal4, expressing UAS-transgene or UAS-RNAi (RNA interference) could be used to up- or down-regulate target gene expression, respectively. However, the efficiency of the Gal4/UAS system is roughly predefined by properties of transposon vector constructs and the insertion site in the transgenic stock. Here, we describe a simple way to modulate optomotor blind (omb) expression levels in its endogenous expression region of the wing disc. We co-expressed UAS-omb and UAS-omb-RNAi together under the control of dpp-Gal4 driver which is expressed in the omb expression region of the wing pouch. The repression effect is more sensitive to temperature than that of overexpression. At low temperature, overexpression plays a dominant role but the efficiency is attenuated by UAS-omb-RNAi. In contrast, at high temperature RNAi predominates in gene expression regulation. By this strategy, we could manipulate omb expression levels at a moderate level. It allows us to manipulate omb expression levels in the same tissue between overexpression and repression at different stages by temperature control.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Asas de Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/genética , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas com Domínio T/metabolismo
7.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134833, 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796276

RESUMO

The spatial variation of chlorophyll a in the Southern Ocean (SO) was of great significance. Sea surface chlorophyll a concentrations was measured by Ferry Box monitoring system on the Chinese polar research vessel Xue Long, which circumnavigated the Antarctic continent in a clockwise direction during the austral summer 2013-2014 (November 2013-April 2014). The concentrations of chlorophyll a indicated a relatively uniform distribution of 0.049-11.647 mg m-3 (mean 0. 869 mg m-3, n = 152,751). The highest chlorophyll a concentrations (mean 1.847 mg m-3) was found in the Ross sea (RS). In addition, six high-chlorophyll a hot spots were recognized. Analysis revealed that phytoplankton bloom could be controlled by multiple factors in different regions, and the chlorophyll a bloom is attributed to the combined effect of surface and subsurface processes such as, continental shelf, sea ice melting, Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) upwelling, suitabletemperature, and nutrient injection from subsurface to the surface. The topographic effects, sea ice melting and CDW upwelling may play a major role in controlling primary productivity in the SO. Among of all, CDW upwelling may be the most important role improving primary productivity. This study presented the phytoplankton distribution patterns and the relation with potential growth-controlling factors in the SO, which will provide more insight in the mechanisms that control global warming to reduce global CO2 the atmosphere into the ocean interior.

8.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797016

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop an effective and specific visual method to rapidly detect and identify Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) based on the polymerase spiral reaction (PSR). The method utilized only two pairs of primers designed specifically to target the conserved tlh gene sequence of V. parahaemolyticus. Nucleic acid amplification can be achieved under isothermal conditions using DNA polymerase. The reaction could be accomplished in < 40 min with high specificity and sensitivity. The limits of detection of V. parahaemolyticus in purified genomic DNA and pure culture were 300 fg/µL and 2.4 CFU/mL per reaction, respectively, which were 100-fold more sensitive than with conventional PCR. The model food samples showed consistent specificity and sensitivity to the pure bacterial culture. With these encouraging results, it is expected that the novel, effortless and reliable isothermal nucleic acid testing assay developed in this study has potential to be applied to screening for V. parahaemolyticus in seafood samples.

9.
Exp Physiol ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808213

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? The concentrations of ß1 adrenergic receptor autoantibody and M2 muscarinic receptor autoantibody in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients as well as the relationship between the cardiac autoantibodies and clinical manifestations of HCM are rarely reported. What is the main finding and its importance? We found the concentrations of the two autoantibodies in HCM patients were significantly higher than normal controls' levels. Further, we also found that the concentrations of the two autoantibodies could reflect myocardial injury and diastolic dysfunction in HCM patients to some extent and might be involved in the occurrence of arrhythmia. These findings may be valuable to explore the mechanisms of occurrence and progression of HCM. ABSTRACT: Objective Increasing attention is given to the role of immunological mechanisms in the development of heart failure. The purpose of the study was to investigate the concentration of serum ß1 adrenergic receptor autoantibody (ß1-AAb) and M2 muscarinic receptor autoantibody (M2-AAb) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and the relationship between ß1-AAb, M2-AAb and clinical indexes. Methods One hundred and thirty four patients with HCM were consecutively recruited into the HCM group. Forty healthy subjects were assigned as the normal controls (NC). Serum samples were collected to measure the concentrations of ß1-AAb and M2-AAb by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The clinical data of HCM patients were collected. Results The concentrations of serum ß1-AAb and M2-AAb of HCM patients were significantly higher than NC levels. In HCM patients, those with left atrial diameter≥50 mm or moderate-severe mitral regurgitation had significantly higher concentrations of the two autoantibodies. Patients with history of syncope had higher concentrations of ß1-AAb. Female patients, patients with family history of sudden cardiac death or atrial fibrillation (Af) had higher concentrations of M2-AAb. Maximum wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) were positively correlated with logß1-AAb or logM2-AAb in HCM patients. Conclusions The concentrations of serum ß1-AAb and M2-AAb of HCM patients were significantly higher than NC levels. Being female, syncope, family history of sudden death, Af, left atrial diameter ≥50 mm, moderate- severe mitral regurgitation, maximum wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness and resting LVOTG may affect concentrations of the two autoantibodies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5692, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831748

RESUMO

Pursuing active and durable water splitting electrocatalysts is of vital significance for solving the sluggish kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) process in energy supply. Herein, theoretical calculations identify that the local distortion-strain effect in amorphous RuTe2 system abnormally sensitizes the Te-pπ coupling capability and enhances the electron-transfer of Ru-sites, in which the excellent inter-orbital p-d transfers determine strong electronic activities for boosting OER performance. Thus, a robust electrocatalyst based on amorphous RuTe2 porous nanorods (PNRs) is successfully fabricated. In the acidic water splitting, a-RuTe2 PNRs exhibit a superior performance, which only require a cell voltage of 1.52 V to reach a current density of 10 mA cm-2. Detailed investigations show that the high density of defects combine with oxygen atoms to form RuOxHy species, which are conducive to the OER. This work offers valuable insights for constructing robust electrocatalysts based on theoretical calculations guided by rational design and amorphous materials.

11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(11): 2469-2481, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815047

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies in high-incidence areas of esophageal cancer in China suggest that environmental carcinogen N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) and riboflavin (RBF) deficiency may be the main risk factors for esophageal cancer. However, it is not clear that the combination induces cancer. Here, experiment (Exp) 1 evaluated the effects of NMBA and RBF deficiency individually or in combination on esophageal tumorigenesis. Male F344 rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups into a 2 (no NMBA vs. NMBA) × 2 (normal RBF vs. RBF-deficient) factorial design, including normal RBF (6 mg/kg, R6), RBF-deficient (0 mg/kg, R0), normal RBF combined with NMBA (R6N), and RBF-deficient combined with NMBA (R0N) groups. The Exp 2 explored the effects of RBF deficiency at different doses combined with NMBA (0.6 mg/kg, R0.6N; 0.06 mg/kg, R0.06N) on esophageal tumorigenesis. Results showed that R0N enhanced the incidence of esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN, 53.3%, P = 0.06), including carcinoma in situ, whereas R6N mainly induced the occurrence of esophageal benign hyperplasia (38.9%) and EIN (16.7%). RBF deficiency promotes EIN in a dose-dependent manner, and R0.06N significantly increases the incidence of EIN (57.9%, P < 0.05). Gene expression profiling demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines were highly expressed in R0N EIN tissues, whereas R6N EIN tissues had a proliferation and differentiation gene signature (fold-change > 1.5). Furthermore, RBF deficiency aggravated oxidative DNA damage (8-OHdG) and double-strand breaks (γH2AX) (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that RBF deficiency causes chronic inflammation-associated genomic instability contributes to NMBA-induced esophageal tumorigenesis.

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815360

RESUMO

Atrial fibrosis is an important factor in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF); therefore, understanding the pathogenesis of atrial fibrosis may reveal promising therapeutic targets for AF. In this study, we successfully established a rapid atrial pacing canine model and found that the inducibility and duration of AF were significantly reduced by the overexpression of c-Ski, suggesting that this approach may have therapeutic effects. c-Ski was found to be down-regulated in the atrial tissues of the rapid atrial pacing canine model. We artificially up-regulated c-Ski expression with a c-Ski-overexpressing adenovirus. Haematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome and picrosirius red staining showed that c-Ski overexpression alleviated atrial fibrosis. Furthermore, we found that the expression levels of collagen III and α-SMA were higher in the groups of dogs subjected to right-atrial pacing, and this increase was attenuated by c-Ski overexpression. In addition, c-Ski overexpression decreased the phosphorylation of smad2, smad3 and p38 MAPK (p38α and p38ß) as well as the expression of TGF-ß1 in atrial tissues, as shown by a comparison of the right-atrial pacing + c-Ski-overexpression group to the control group with right-atrial pacing only. These results suggest that c-Ski overexpression improves atrial remodelling in a rapid atrial pacing canine model by suppressing TGF-ß1-Smad signalling and p38 MAPK activation.

13.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 10117-10123, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819644

RESUMO

Introduction: MiR143HG is a recently identified tumor suppressor in bladder cancer. We performed bioinformatics prediction and found that miR143HG can form base pairs with miR-125a. This study was therefore carried out to explore the interaction between miR143HG and miR-125a in endometrial carcinoma (EC). Methods: Gene expression was analyzed by qPCR and Western blot. Interactions among genes were analyzed by over-expression experiments. Cell apoptosis after transfections was analyzed by cell apoptosis assay. Results: We found that the down-regulation of miR143HG in EC predicted poor survival. Bioinformatics analysis showed that miR-125a could bind miR143HG. In EC tissues, miR143HG was positively correlated with p53, not miR-125a. In EC cells, miR143HG and miR-125a over-expression failed to affect the expression of each other. However, miR143HG over-expression led to the up-regulated p53. MiR-125a over-expression played the opposite role and attenuated the effects of miR143HG over-expression. Cell apoptosis analysis showed that miR143HG and p53 over-expression led to an increased cell apoptotic rate. MiR-125a over-expression played the opposite role and attenuated the effects of miR143HG over-expression. Conclusion: MiR143HG may up-regulate p53 in EC by sponging miR-125a to promote cancer cell apoptosis.

14.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 349, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 has a higher prevalence of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma than the general population: 1.0-5.7% versus 0.2-0.6%. Currently, there are no generally accepted guidelines for screening for pheochromocytoma and paragangliomas in asymptomatic patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. CASE PRESENTATION: Severe hypertension developed during anesthesia induction in our patient, a 44-year-old Chinese man with neurofibromatosis type 1. We screened for catecholamine level after glioma resection, and the patient was diagnosed with combined pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma. CONCLUSIONS: A delay in diagnosis or lack of a diagnosis in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma may increase the perioperative morbidity and mortality risk due to excess catecholamine secretion. Therefore, routine pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma screening preoperatively in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 is very important.

15.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1194, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788451

RESUMO

Background: The present study aimed to compare the feasibility and safety of early oral feeding (EOF) with traditional oral feeding (TOF) after radical total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: This retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent total gastrectomy from April 2016 and November 2018. These patients were divided into two groups, according to their postoperative feeding protocol: EOF group (n = 314) and TOF group (n = 433). Propensity score matching was used to balance the potential confounders, and 276 patients were selected from each group. The EOF group received oral diet on postoperative day one, while the TOF group were started on oral feeding after the passage of flatus. Results: No significant differences were found in the postoperative complications (P = 0.426) and tolerance to oral feeding (P > 0.056) between the two groups. The changes in perioperative nutritional markers were also similar between the two groups (P > 0.05). The time to first passage of flatus or defecation (47.19 ± 12.00 h vs. 58.19 ± 9.89 h, P < 0.0001) and length of postoperative hospital stay (6.84 ± 2.31 days vs. 7.72 ± 2.86 days, P < 0.0001) were significantly lower in the EOF group compared to the TOF group. Conclusion: EOF may be safe and feasible after radical total gastrectomy with faster recovery and no increased risk of postoperative complications.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare long-term survival outcomes and sequelae between children and adult nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the era of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data on 285 NPC patients aged ≤ 18 years old at diagnosis and treated with IMRT between January 2004 and November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Propensity score matching method was adopted to screen matched adult NPC patients at a ratio of 1:3. Survival outcomes and treatment-related toxicities between children and adult groups were compared. RESULTS: In total, 159 children and 477 adult NPC patients were included in this study. The 5-year overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS), and disease-free survival (DFS) between children and adult were 89.2% vs 83.6% (P = 0.144), 88.7% vs 83.5% (P = 0.124), 96.4% vs 89.1% (P = 0.013), and 86.5% vs 77.3% (P = 0.021), respectively. Subgroup analyses revealed that the young age was an independent prognostic factor of OS, DMFS and LRRFS in advanced N stage (N2-3) group, and DFS in advanced T stage (T3-4) group, N2-3 and stage III-IVA groups. The most common sequela was ototoxicity (68.9%) in children patients and xerostomia (70.8%) in adult patients. Adult survivors had a significantly higher incidence of grade 3-4 late toxicities in xerostomia (17.6% vs. 8.9%, P = 0.004), skin dystrophy (9.3% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.022), neck fibrosis (8.3% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.001) and radiation encephalopathy (0.8% vs. 0, P = 0.006). Children survivors were more likely to develop grade 3-4 growth retardation and endocrine insufficiency (3.0% vs. 0.3%, P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Children NPC patients achieved significantly better survival outcomes but less late toxicities than adult patients. However, we should pay great attention to growth problems of children survivors.

17.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 317: 108461, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794931

RESUMO

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of foodborne bacterial poisoning in China. The aim of this research is to conduct a study on the prevalence, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of V. parahaemolyticus from different types of food samples in 12 different cities of China. Since fluoroquinolones are the major choice of treatment for V. parahaemolyticus infections, the genetic basis for fluoroquinolone resistance in V. parahaemolyticus were also investigated. V. parahaemolyticus was detected in 163 of the 784 food samples collected from 12 different cities in China, resulting in a prevalence of 20.79%. The prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus in ready-to-eat (RTE) food (4.96%) was much lower than those of shrimp (32.62%) and fish (22.00%). Virulence gene screening showed that 44 (27.00%) V. parahaemolyticus strains carried at least one virulence gene. Four isolates from shrimp and three isolates from fish contained both the virulence genes tdh and trh. In addition, the trh was firstly detected in one isolate collected from RTE food. All isolates exhibited relatively high resistance rates to ampicillin (82.21%), gentamicin (19.63%), and tetracycline (14.11%), while <10% of strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin (4.91%), levofloxacin (4.91%), and tetracycline (4.29%). Eight fluoroquinolone-resistant V. parahaemolyticus were selected to determine the molecular basis for fluoroquinolone resistance. These eight isolates belonged to three different types according to enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR (ERIC-PCR). A Ser83Ile substitution in GyrA was deteted in seven fluoroquinolone-resistant strains, except V209 which harbored a Ser83Phe substitution in GyrA. Moreover, A Ser85Leu substitution in ParC was found in five isolates (V52, V53, V61, V163, and V209). Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes were detected in all eight fluoroquinolone-resistant V. parahaemolyticus strains. This is the first report of Ser83Phe substitution in GyrA, qnrD and qnrS1 in V. parahaemolyticus. The information generated in this study will provide valuable information for risk assessment of V. parahaemolyticus infections and future control of antibiotic-resistant V. parahaemolyticus species in China.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(22): 3698-3710, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is prevalent in the general population and is regarded as the second leading cause of renal damage and dysfunction, outnumbered only by diabetes. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. AIM: To investigate podocyte injury induced by hypertension in the early course without massive proteinuria or renal dysfunction. METHODS: The hypertension group comprised 18 patients with hypertension accompanied by microalbuminuria, diagnosed with hypertensive renal injury according to biopsy results. For a comparison of pathological changes in renal tissue, control group 1 comprised 10 healthy volunteers, and control group 2 comprised 16 patients who underwent surgery for renal trauma. RESULTS: The hypertension group had significantly higher blood pressure (P = 0.000) and microalbuminuria (P = 0.000) compared with control group 1. In the hypertension group, urinary podocytes were detected following positive staining of podocyte-specific nephrin and/or CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) in urine sediment. Podocyte foot process fusion and a significant decrease in nephrin and/or CD2AP expression in glomeruli were observed in the hypertension group compared with control group 2. This indicated that hypertension caused podocyte injury and detachment from the glomerular basement membrane, which was consistent with urinary detection of podocytes. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that podocyturia appears early in the course of hypertensive renal injury, and may be a sensitive marker for early prediction of hypertensive renal injury.

19.
Diagn Pathol ; 14(1): 132, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to serve pivotal roles in tumorigenesis. This study sough to assess the expression and clinical significance of microRNA-1298 (miR-1298) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and explore the functional role of miR-1298 in tumorigenesis. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one NSCLC patients were recruited in this study. The expression of miR-1298 was estimated using quantitative real-time PCR. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-1298. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were preformed to explore the biological function of miR-1298 in NSCLC cells. RESULTS: Expression levels of miR-1298 were downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cells compared with the corresponding normal controls. The decreased expression of miR-1298 was associated with patients' lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. The low expression of miR-1298 predicted poor overall survival and served as an independent prognostic indicator in NSCLC patients. According to the cell experiments, NSCLC cell proliferation, migration and invasion were inhibited by the overexpression of miR-1298. CONCLUSION: All the data indicated that the downregulation of miR-1298 predicts poor prognosis of NSCLC, and the overexpression of miR-1298 in NSCLC cells leads to inhibited tumorigenesis. The aberrant miR-1298 may serve as a novel biomarker and therapeutic target in NSCLC.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802591

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of cistanche on sevoflurane-induced aged cognitive dysfunction rat model. Aged (24 months) male SD rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control group, sevoflurane group, control + cistanche and sevoflurane + cistanche group. Subsequently, inflammatory cytokine levels were measured by ELISA, and the cognitive dysfunction of rats was evaluated by water maze test, open-field test and the fear conditioning test. Three days following anaesthesia, the rats were killed and hippocampus was harvested for the analysis of relative biomolecules. The oxidative stress level was indicated as nitrite and MDA concentration, along with the SOD and CAT activity. Finally, PPAR-γ antagonist was used to explore the mechanism of cistanche in vivo. The results showed that after inhaling the sevoflurane, 24- but not 3-month-old male SD rats developed obvious cognitive impairments in the behaviour test 3 days after anaesthesia. Intraperitoneal injection of cistanche at the dose of 50 mg/kg for 3 consecutive days before anaesthesia alleviated the sevoflurane-induced elevation of neuroinflammation levels and significantly attenuated the hippocampus-dependent memory impairments in 24-month-old rats. Cistanche also reduced the oxidative stress by decreasing nitrite and MDA while increasing the SOD and CAT activity. Moreover, such treatment also inhibited the activation of microglia. In addition, we demonstrated that PPAR-γ inhibition conversely alleviated cistanche-induced protective effect. Taken together, we demonstrated that cistanche can exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptosis and anti-activation of microglia effects on the development of sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction by activating PPAR-γ signalling.

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